Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets Kelsey Slough and Krysti
Vegetarian Diet Why do people choose a vegetarian lifestyle?
Health and nutrition benefits Moral objections Its trendy or cool
3 Different types of vegetarianism Fruitarian- raw or dried
fruits, seeds, and nuts in the diet. Lacto-ovo vegetarian- includes
dairy, eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts.
Excludes flesh and seafood. Lacto-vegetarian- includes dairy,
vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes flesh,
seafood, and eggs. Macrobiotic Diet- a vegan diet composed mostly
of whole grains, beans, and certain vegetables. Often taken to
extremes, this diet can compromise nutrient intake. Ovo-vegetarian-
includes eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits and nuts.
Excludes flesh, seafood, and milk. Partial vegetarian- a term used
to mean an eating style that includes seafood, poultry, eggs,
dairy, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes red
meat. Vegan- includes only food from plant sources. Vegetarian-
includes plant-based foods and eliminates some animal derived
4 Nutrients: Omega-3 Fatty Acids Vegetarian diets provide
enough flaxseed, walnuts, and oils to supply essential fatty acids.
Many vegetarians continue to eat fish which provides the essential
fatty acids. Unless a meat eaters diet includes these essential
foods containing Omega-3 Fatty Acids they will be severely lacking.
Children and pregnant or lactating women have a critical need for
fatty acids. Benefits of Omega-3s: cancer prevention, slow down
blood clotting, and artery hardening, reduce blood pressure, and
aid in growth and development in infants.
5 Omega-3 Fatty Acids
6 Nutrients Proper vegetarian diets include the necessary
amount of protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12, Vitamin D, and
Omega-3 Fatty Acids.
7 Health Benefits Becoming a vegetarian can aid or help prevent
the following: Cancer Obesity Heart disease High blood pressure
Cataracts Diabetes Diverticular disease Gallstones
8 Survey Kelsey Six people ages 21-73 All are meat eaters.
Taste and familiarity were the most popular reasons to eat meat.
All but one believed meat was crucial to the diet. Only one person
believed people who dont eat meat tend to be healthier. Two people
believed meat eaters do not have more heart issues.
Meat-Eaters Diet Why do people eat meat? Convenience Nutrients
Taste Familiarity Weight-control efforts
What is included? Lean meat Poultry Seafood Eggs Milk
Nutrients Vitamin B12 Requirement small but critical. Found
naturally only in animal-derived foods. Very important in pregnant
women, infants, children, adolescents, and elderly. Infants may
have deficiency-related disorders if lacking. Adults with low B12
may experience fatigue, indigestion, numbness of hands, and
frequent infections. Some adolescents lacking B12 could have nerve
Nutrients Meat also contains and abundance of iron, zinc, and
Vitamin D. More well absorbed then when obtained through plant
Survey - Krysti 5 people ages 20-21 All meat eaters Taste was
the number 1 reason for choosing to eat meat All believe meat is
crucial to the diet Only 2/5 believed people who do not eat meat
tend to be healthier Only one person thought people who eat meat
tend to have more heart issues
Moderation Meat can be good for the diet. Moderation is key.
American Cancer Society suggests no more than 18 ounces per week.
Choose lean cuts. Correct plate proportions.
Conclusion In conclusion, we find both vegetarian and meat
containing diets are healthy if nutritious foods are consumed.
However, we find the best diet is a good balance between both.
Nutrients are easier absorbed and obtained with a meat containing
diet. While some diseases and health issues are slowed or prevented
with a vegetarian diet. To find a happy medium with each diet,
maybe eating meat twice a week rather than each night would create
the perfect diet.