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Principles of Technology Unit 1 and 2 Study Guide

Name: Click here to enter text.

1. What allows the monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer, hard drive, and Word (for example) to communicate with each other?

a. Application software

b. Operating system

c. BIOS

d. USB cable

2. What do you need to access a SaaS product, such as Adobe, online? Click here to enter text.

3. By not installing updates to your OS, what risk would there be?

a. Security holes may be left open and not fixed

b. You will lose the software license

c. Your keyboard will no longer work

d. You wont be able to change the wallpaper

4. Where would the best place be to get a software upgrade/update? Click here to enter text.

5. Which of these devices might have an embedded OS?

a. Digital camera

b. Laptop

c. iPhone

d. Server

6. What would you call a small amount of files to download that will fix a security hole in your operating system?

a. Service pack

b. Driver

c. Patch

d. Upgrade

7. Software that gets installed that allows a new device you are installing or hooking up to your computer to communicate with your OS is called what? Click here to enter text.

8. What type of software is an OS? Click here to enter text.

9. In Windows, where can you find DOS?

a. Control PanelSystem

b. Command Prompt

c. On the Taskbar

d. Triple-click the clock

10. What is unique about the Linux OS? Click here to enter text.

11. What general type of OS would be installed on a server and used to manage the network, manage the logins, and maintain network security & maintenance? Click here to enter text.

12. What kind of OS would be used on appliances or for devices with special purposes such as a digital picture frame or a car? Click here to enter text.

13. DOS & UNIX use a Click here to enter text. user interface while Windows, Mac, and Linux use a Click here to enter text. interface with icons.

14. What are the steps to start up a computer?

a. STEP 1:Click here to enter text.Checks hardware

b. STEP 2: Looks here for boot instructionsClick here to enter text.

c. STEP 3: OS gets loaded from Click here to enter text. to Click here to enter text.

d. STEP 4: You do this to use the computerClick here to enter text.

15. What is the name of the main board that all computer components connect to? Click here to enter text.

16. What is the name of the path that data travels through that main board? Click here to enter text.

17. The brains of a computer Click here to enter text.

18. Another two names for the brains of a computer are: Click here to enter text.

19. Name two of the biggest brands of CPUs. Click or tap here to enter text.

20. More than one processor on a single physical chip is known as what? Click or tap here to enter text.

21. A small amount of memory located on and near the CPU to help process data faster going through the CPU is known as CPU Click or tap here to enter text.

22. In order to help keep a CPU cool, the CPU has a Click or tap here to enter text. and Click or tap here to enter text. on top of it.

23. A computers speed can be measured in:

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

24. Active data or programs are stored here, temporarily. Click here to enter text.

25. This memory is non-volatile. Click here to enter text.

26. RAM can be measured in:

Click here to enter text.

a. Click here to enter text.

27. Which part of a computer contains the instructions on how to boot your computer? Click here to enter text.

28. A computers operating system (Windows, for example) is installed on the computers Click here to enter text.. When it loads, where does it load into? Click here to enter text.

29. This is the memory that your computer uses to run its operating system and any applications that you start. Click here to enter text.

30. Which component rates the speed of your computer?Click here to enter text.

31. What component is very important and holds instructions for how the computer should boot? Click here to enter text.

32. What does ROM stand for?Click here to enter text.

33. Where is the operating system stored?Click here to enter text.

34. What combination of keys do you press to get to a window where you can end non-responsive programs or view the computers resources? Click or tap here to enter text.

35. Adobe CS4 is installed on your computer. Now Adobe CS7 is out. Would you need an update, upgrade, or full version and why? Click here to enter text.

36. Which of these would be an example of application software? HIGHLIGHT YOUR ANSWER

a. Windows

b. Mac OS

c. Linux

d. Internet Explorer

37. Which operating system is NOT in use in smartphones today? HIGHLIGHT YOUR ANSWER

a. Windows

b. Android

c. Palm OS

d. iOS

38. An Apple iPhone ONLY uses which mobile operating system? Click or tap here to enter text.

39. This computer, used in the 40s & 50s, took up a city block and was used for the military. Click here to enter text.

40. In the mid 70s, Steve Click here to enter text. and Steve Click here to enter text. created the first Click here to enter text. personal computer, called the Click here to enter text..

41. Every type of computer includes these three things:

a. Click here to enter text.

b. Click here to enter text.

c. Click here to enter text.

42. All computers perform these four functions:

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

43. On a computer, running more than one program or task at the same time is known as Click here to enter text.

44. Name each type of software update: UPDATE, SERVICE PACK, UPGRADE, PATCH

Type

Description

Click or tap here to enter text.

Small; corrects or enhances existing software

Click or tap here to enter text.

Collection of files (larger than a patch) that fixes problems or provides enhancements

Click or tap here to enter text.

Collection of updates, fixes or enhancements deliveredin a single, large file

Click or tap here to enter text.

Going to a new version with enhancements

45. Name the component:RAM, CPU, Heatsink & Fan, Motherboard

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

46. Name that OS. Unix, Linux, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, Android, iOS, Mac OX 9, Mac OS X, DOS

Click here to enter text.Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.Click here to enter text.

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