1 Targu-Jiu

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    Where we are Generalities

    Surface area 102 Sq km Population: 97.591

    people

    Capital of the Gorj

    County Administrative

    organization includes 8localities

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    The Coat of Arms of Trgu-Jiu consists of a Shieldwith seven towers. In the centre of the Shield liesthe representation of Constantin Brncusi's

    Endless Column, a symbol of Romanian art andculture. In the right and left sides of the shield liesa golden lion holding a black sword, "guarding"the Column. The Lion is the ancient symbol of

    this region, thought to be originating from thelogo of one of the Roman Legions stationed inthis area, the 13th Legion Gemina (Legio XIIIGemina). It represents the bravery and combativespirit of the city's inhabitants.

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    The city takes its name from the riverJiu,which runs through it.

    The coins, ceramics and Roman bricksfound while digging, support the ideathat it was a commercial town (a vicus)under Roman Empiresrule.

    The first mentioning on a diplomadates back from 2nd July 1247, issuedby king Bela IV of Hungary.

    The first written account of the cityappears in a document dating back

    from 23rd of November 1406 in anorder signed by Mircea cel Batran, theruler of Wallachia.

    Since 1497 it is the capital of the Gorjcounty.

    The Roman

    fort protectsand securesthe entrance

    in the JiuGorges

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    Gorj Prefecture Trgu-Jiu City Hall

    Court of law

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    Education is very important, there aremany high schools, with differentspecializations, from automatics,biology, mathematics to economics.Among the most important are "Tudor

    Vladimirescu National College,"Spiru Haret" National College,Technical College General GheorgheMagheru.

    In addition, academia is also wellrepresented, there is even a universitythat bears the name of the famoussculptor Constantin Brancui.

    "Tudor Vladimirescu National

    College (up)Faculty of Engineering,Constantin Brancusi

    University (down)

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    The Sculptural Ensemble ofConstantin Brncui at Trgu-

    Jiuis a homage to theRomanian heroes of the FirstWorld War. The ensemblecomprises three sculptures: theTable of Silence, TheGate of

    the KissandTheColumn of theInfinite (The Endless Column),on an axis of 1,300 m long,oriented west to east.

    The Ensemble is considered to be one of the

    great works of 20th century outdoor sculpture.Constantin Brncui (18761957) was at thetime living in Paris, but welcomed theopportunity to create a large commemorativesculpture in his homeland. He accepted thecommission in 1935, but refused to receivepayment for it.

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    Tudor Vladimirescu(1780 1821) wasa Wallachian Romanian revolutionaryhero, born in the Gorj county, theleader of the Wallachian uprising of1821 and of the Panduri militia.

    Nowdays, many institutions in thearea bear his name.

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    Ecaterina Teodoroius monument

    A Scouts' member, she hadinitially worked as a nurse but shesubsequently decided to become afront-line soldier. She was buriedin the city center of Trgu-Jiu, andher grave is honoured by a

    monument erected in 1936.

    Ecaterina Teodoroiu(1894 - 1917) was a

    Romanian woman, born in Trgu-Jiu whofought and died in World War I, and is regardedas a national heroine. In October 1916, Ecaterinajoined the Romanian Army during the first Jiubattle when General Ion Dragalina's 1st Army

    repulsed the 9th German Army offensive.

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    Ecaterina Teodoroius housein Trgu-JiuTraditional houses from the FolkArcitecture Musem in Curtioara

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    Saint Nicolas and SaintAndrew Church

    Holy Apostles Peter andPaul Church

    Holy VoievodesChurch

    Assumption of the Virgin andSaints Brncoveni Military

    Church

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    Crasna Monastery

    Polovragi Monastery

    Tismana Monastery

    Lainici Monastery

    MonasteryVisina

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    Women's Cave

    Polovragi Cave

    Cloani Cave

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    Sohodol Gorges

    OlteGorgesJiu Gorges

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