+ All Categories
Home > Documents > 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline...

1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline...

Date post: 23-Dec-2015
Category:
Upload: gwenda-fitzgerald
View: 212 times
Download: 0 times
Share this document with a friend
Popular Tags:
24
1 The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis
Transcript
Page 1: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

1

The Cuban Missile CrisisThe Cuban Missile Crisis

Page 2: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

2

Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)Pigs Invasion (1961)

J.D. Esterline became director of a J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban project task force to direct the Cuban project on January 18, 1960. on January 18, 1960.

He reported to Richard M. Bissell, He reported to Richard M. Bissell, although Bissell's principal aide, Tracy although Bissell's principal aide, Tracy Barnes, acted for Bissell about 50 Barnes, acted for Bissell about 50 percent of the time. percent of the time.

This memo outlined the preparations This memo outlined the preparations for military action against Cuba.for military action against Cuba.

““The question of whether the incoming The question of whether the incoming administration of President-Elect administration of President-Elect Kennedy will concur in the conduct of Kennedy will concur in the conduct of the strike operations outlined above the strike operations outlined above needs to be resolved at the earliest needs to be resolved at the earliest possible time.”possible time.”

““Recommendation. That the strike Recommendation. That the strike operation be conducted in the latter operation be conducted in the latter half of February, and not later than 1 half of February, and not later than 1 March, 1961.”March, 1961.”

EsterlineEsterline BarnesBarnes

BissellBissell

Page 3: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

3

Memo from the CIA on an Memo from the CIA on an Invasion of Cuba (1961)Invasion of Cuba (1961)

In the minutes from a meeting to In the minutes from a meeting to discuss possible action in Cuba, again discuss possible action in Cuba, again the desire to learn what the Kennedy the desire to learn what the Kennedy Administration’s stand would be on Administration’s stand would be on action in Cuba is emphasized. action in Cuba is emphasized.

It also expresses a reluctance to land It also expresses a reluctance to land U.S. forces in Cuba.U.S. forces in Cuba.

““Mr. Mann said… he had talked with Mr. Mann said… he had talked with members of the Latin American members of the Latin American diplomatic corps and had indicated to diplomatic corps and had indicated to them that the (US) wanted to know them that the (US) wanted to know whether the OAS system could whether the OAS system could prevent Castro's exportation of prevent Castro's exportation of communism… They wanted to know communism… They wanted to know first where the Kennedy administration first where the Kennedy administration and the Quadros administration would and the Quadros administration would stand.”stand.”

““The Secretary then commented on The Secretary then commented on the enormous implications of putting the enormous implications of putting U.S. forces ashore in Cuba and said U.S. forces ashore in Cuba and said we should consider everything short of we should consider everything short of this, including rough stuff, before doing this, including rough stuff, before doing so.” so.”

Page 4: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

4

Bay of Pigs MapBay of Pigs Map

Page 5: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

5

Joint Chiefs of Staff Conference with Joint Chiefs of Staff Conference with President Kennedy (January 1961)President Kennedy (January 1961)

Once Kennedy was in office, the looming threat of Cuba had to be dealt with. Once Kennedy was in office, the looming threat of Cuba had to be dealt with. This memo discusses the looming threat in Cuba and the need to take strong action This memo discusses the looming threat in Cuba and the need to take strong action

soon. soon.

““The President asked what the Chiefs think should be done regarding Cuba. General The President asked what the Chiefs think should be done regarding Cuba. General Lemnitzer replied, recalling that the initial plans were for clandestine operations… the Lemnitzer replied, recalling that the initial plans were for clandestine operations… the clandestine forces are not strong enough.”clandestine forces are not strong enough.”

““General Decker added that this action should be taken under a recognized Cuban General Decker added that this action should be taken under a recognized Cuban leader, and, unfortunately, we do not have one at present… Admiral Burke agreed leader, and, unfortunately, we do not have one at present… Admiral Burke agreed that there is lack of a leader to rally around, and that we need somebody to fill this that there is lack of a leader to rally around, and that we need somebody to fill this role.”role.”

In the audio clip, Kennedy expresses the intent of his administration to fight In the audio clip, Kennedy expresses the intent of his administration to fight Communism in the western hemisphere.Communism in the western hemisphere.

Kennedy onKennedy on

The Bay of PigsThe Bay of Pigs

Page 6: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

6

Ernesto Che Guevara: Mobilizing the Ernesto Che Guevara: Mobilizing the Masses for the Invasion (28 March 1961)Masses for the Invasion (28 March 1961)

This speech was made to sugar This speech was made to sugar workers in Santa Clara twenty days workers in Santa Clara twenty days before the Bay of Pigs invasion. before the Bay of Pigs invasion.

““We have to remind ourselves of this We have to remind ourselves of this at every moment: that we are in a at every moment: that we are in a war… where the two adversaries - this war… where the two adversaries - this tiny champion of the Caribbean and tiny champion of the Caribbean and the immense imperialist hyena - are the immense imperialist hyena - are face to face and aware that one of face to face and aware that one of them is going to end up dead in the them is going to end up dead in the fight.”fight.”

““It will mean the beginning of the end It will mean the beginning of the end of colonial domination in America, that of colonial domination in America, that is, the definitive beginning of the end is, the definitive beginning of the end for North American imperialism.”for North American imperialism.”

““The murder of Patrice Lumumba is an The murder of Patrice Lumumba is an example of what the empire is capable example of what the empire is capable of when the struggle against it is of when the struggle against it is carried on in a firm and sustained way. carried on in a firm and sustained way. Imperialism must be struck on the Imperialism must be struck on the snout once, and again, and then again, snout once, and again, and then again, in an infinite succession of blows and in an infinite succession of blows and counter-blows. That is the only way the counter-blows. That is the only way the people can win their real people can win their real independence.”independence.”

GuevaraGuevara

LumumbaLumumba

Page 7: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

7

Fidel Castro: Second Declaration Fidel Castro: Second Declaration of Havana (4 February 1962) of Havana (4 February 1962)

The Cuban Revolution of 1959 The Cuban Revolution of 1959 was a broadly based nationalist was a broadly based nationalist revolution against a corrupt revolution against a corrupt government. government.

It was lead by Fidel Castro. He It was lead by Fidel Castro. He apparently had the support of apparently had the support of most Cubans in his broad based most Cubans in his broad based "provisional government". "provisional government".

By 1962, after the US began to By 1962, after the US began to give "covert" assistance to Cuban give "covert" assistance to Cuban exiles opposing the revolution, exiles opposing the revolution, Castro had adopted Marxism-Castro had adopted Marxism-Leninism as the ideology of the Leninism as the ideology of the Cuban Revolution. Cuban Revolution.

““What is Cuba's history but that of What is Cuba's history but that of Latin America? What is the history Latin America? What is the history of Latin America but the history of of Latin America but the history of Asia, Africa, and Oceania? And Asia, Africa, and Oceania? And what is the history of all these what is the history of all these peoples but the history of the peoples but the history of the cruelest exploitation of the world cruelest exploitation of the world by imperialism?”by imperialism?”

Page 8: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

8

A. Adzhubei: Account of Visit to A. Adzhubei: Account of Visit to Washington to the CPSU (12 March 1962)Washington to the CPSU (12 March 1962)

This memo outlines a conversation Adzhubei had with President Kennedy regarding This memo outlines a conversation Adzhubei had with President Kennedy regarding Cuba. Cuba.

““(Kennedy) paused a little and said: ‘How is Che Guevara?’(Kennedy) paused a little and said: ‘How is Che Guevara?’I answered that he didn't seem to look bad, although I didn't see him often, I answered that he didn't seem to look bad, although I didn't see him often,

and asked him in turn, why was the president suddenly interested in one of the and asked him in turn, why was the president suddenly interested in one of the participants of the Cuban revolution?participants of the Cuban revolution?

‘‘I read some dispatches to the press,’ answered Kennedy.I read some dispatches to the press,’ answered Kennedy.In turnIn turn I remarked: ‘You are interested in the events in Cuba, that is your I remarked: ‘You are interested in the events in Cuba, that is your

right. But when we read that the USA plans to invade Cuba, we don't think that this is right. But when we read that the USA plans to invade Cuba, we don't think that this is your right.’your right.’

‘‘We are not planning an invasion of Cuba,’ Kennedy answered…”We are not planning an invasion of Cuba,’ Kennedy answered…” “…“…Kennedy remarked sharply: ‘We will not meddle with events in Cuba.’Kennedy remarked sharply: ‘We will not meddle with events in Cuba.’

‘‘It's a very big shame, Mister President,’ I said to him, ‘that your words are It's a very big shame, Mister President,’ I said to him, ‘that your words are not allowed to be published in the newspapers.’not allowed to be published in the newspapers.’

Page 9: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

9

Malinovsky & Zakharov: Memo on Deployment Malinovsky & Zakharov: Memo on Deployment of Soviet Forces to Cuba (24 May 1962)of Soviet Forces to Cuba (24 May 1962)

This memo was the first general This memo was the first general plan for the deployment of Soviet plan for the deployment of Soviet nuclear missiles to Cuba prepared nuclear missiles to Cuba prepared by the General Staff, in response by the General Staff, in response to a request by Khrushchev. to a request by Khrushchev.

It was discussed at a CPSU It was discussed at a CPSU Presidium (Politburo) and Presidium (Politburo) and unanimously approved.unanimously approved.

““The Ministry of Defense The Ministry of Defense proposes…to deploy on the island proposes…to deploy on the island of Cuba a Group of Soviet Forces of Cuba a Group of Soviet Forces comprising all branches of the comprising all branches of the Armed Forces…”Armed Forces…”

““To send as part of the Group of To send as part of the Group of Forces in Cuba in July-August…Forces in Cuba in July-August…Two regiments of FKR (16 Two regiments of FKR (16 launchers) with PRTB, with their launchers) with PRTB, with their missiles and 5 missiles and 5 special special [Trans: [Trans: nuclear]nuclear] warheads for each warheads for each launcher. Range of the FKR is up launcher. Range of the FKR is up to 180 km.”to 180 km.”

MalinovskyMalinovsky

ZakharovZakharov

Page 10: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

10

President John F. Kennedy: Statement President John F. Kennedy: Statement on Cuba (September 4, 1962)on Cuba (September 4, 1962)

JFK states that the Soviet Union is aiding the Communists in Cuba, but they have yet JFK states that the Soviet Union is aiding the Communists in Cuba, but they have yet to violate any treaties.to violate any treaties.

““Information has reached this Government in the last four days from a variety of Information has reached this Government in the last four days from a variety of sources which establishes without doubt that the Soviets have provided the Cuban sources which establishes without doubt that the Soviets have provided the Cuban Government with a number of anti-aircraft defense missiles… extensive radar and Government with a number of anti-aircraft defense missiles… extensive radar and other electronic equipment… (and) several Soviet-made motor torpedo boats carrying other electronic equipment… (and) several Soviet-made motor torpedo boats carrying ship-to-ship guided missiles…”ship-to-ship guided missiles…”

““There is no evidence of any organized combat force in Cuba from any Soviet bloc There is no evidence of any organized combat force in Cuba from any Soviet bloc country; of military bases provided to Russia; of a violation of the 1934 treaty relating country; of military bases provided to Russia; of a violation of the 1934 treaty relating to Guantanamo; of the presence of offensive ground-to-ground missiles; or of other to Guantanamo; of the presence of offensive ground-to-ground missiles; or of other significant offensive capability either in Cuban hands or under Soviet direction and significant offensive capability either in Cuban hands or under Soviet direction and guidance. Were it to be otherwise, the gravest issues would arise.”guidance. Were it to be otherwise, the gravest issues would arise.”

Page 11: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

11

Malinovsky & Zakharov: Soviet Memo Malinovsky & Zakharov: Soviet Memo Authorizing Use of Nuclear Weapons in Authorizing Use of Nuclear Weapons in

Cuba (8 September 1962)Cuba (8 September 1962)““To the Commander of the Group of Soviet To the Commander of the Group of Soviet

Forces in Cuba:Forces in Cuba:For the purpose of strengthening of the Group of For the purpose of strengthening of the Group of

Soviet Forces in Cuba and increasing [its] Soviet Forces in Cuba and increasing [its] capability to fight against the enemy capability to fight against the enemy landing, [we] are sending you additional landing, [we] are sending you additional means:means:

squadron of plane-carriers IL-28 (6 planes squadron of plane-carriers IL-28 (6 planes and 6 nuclear bombs407 H) with PRTBand 6 nuclear bombs407 H) with PRTB

three battalions of "Luna" (6 launchers, 12 three battalions of "Luna" (6 launchers, 12 missiles, 12 missiles, 12 specialspecial warheads and 24 warheads and 24 conventional missiles) with PTRBconventional missiles) with PTRB

In a situation of an enemy landing on the island In a situation of an enemy landing on the island of Cuba… when the destruction of the of Cuba… when the destruction of the enemy is delaying [further actions] and enemy is delaying [further actions] and there is no possibility of receiving there is no possibility of receiving instructions from the USSR Ministry of instructions from the USSR Ministry of Defense, Defense, you are permitted to make your you are permitted to make your own decision and to use the nuclear own decision and to use the nuclear meansmeans of the "Luna," IL-28 or FKR-1 as of the "Luna," IL-28 or FKR-1 as instruments of local warfare for the instruments of local warfare for the destruction of the enemy on land and along destruction of the enemy on land and along the coast in order to achieve the complete the coast in order to achieve the complete destruction of the invaders on the Cuban destruction of the invaders on the Cuban territory and to defend the Republic of territory and to defend the Republic of Cuba.”Cuba.”

Page 12: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

12

Soviet Missile Installation in Soviet Missile Installation in Cuba (1962)Cuba (1962)

Low-level photograph of 6 Frog (Luna) Low-level photograph of 6 Frog (Luna) missile transporters under a tree at a missile transporters under a tree at a

military camp near Remediosmilitary camp near Remedios

Page 13: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

13

Ranges of Nuclear Missile Launches from CubaRanges of Nuclear Missile Launches from Cuba

Page 14: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

14

Soviet Statement on Potential Cuban Soviet Statement on Potential Cuban Attack by U.S. (11 September 1962)Attack by U.S. (11 September 1962)

In this statement issued by the Soviet In this statement issued by the Soviet government, they express their concern over the government, they express their concern over the calling-up of US reservists. calling-up of US reservists.

They state that any action in Cuba would lead to They state that any action in Cuba would lead to a a nuclear confrontationnuclear confrontation while maintaining their while maintaining their motivations for peace. motivations for peace.

““The Government of the U.S.S.R. deems it The Government of the U.S.S.R. deems it necessary to draw the attention of the necessary to draw the attention of the governments of all countries and world opinion to governments of all countries and world opinion to the provocations the United States Government the provocations the United States Government is now staging, provocations which might plunge is now staging, provocations which might plunge the world into the disaster (of) a universal world the world into the disaster (of) a universal world war with the use of war with the use of thermonuclear weaponsthermonuclear weapons.”.”

““The President of the United States asked The President of the United States asked Congress to permit the call-up of 150,000 Congress to permit the call-up of 150,000 reservists to the armed forces…Such a step… reservists to the armed forces…Such a step… cannot be assessed otherwise than a screen for cannot be assessed otherwise than a screen for aggressive plans and intentions of the United aggressive plans and intentions of the United States itself … This is a provocation against the States itself … This is a provocation against the peace, this is done in the interests of war, in the peace, this is done in the interests of war, in the interests of aggression.”interests of aggression.”

Page 15: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

15

Director of Central Intelligence Director of Central Intelligence McCone: Memo (11 October 1962)McCone: Memo (11 October 1962)

This memo details information regarding This memo details information regarding intelligence photographs of Soviet intelligence photographs of Soviet bombers being transported to Cuba.bombers being transported to Cuba.

Concern is expressed by the President Concern is expressed by the President regarding the dissemination of this regarding the dissemination of this information to the public prior to the information to the public prior to the election. election.

““I then showed the President I then showed the President photographs of the crates which photographs of the crates which presumably… were carrying… Soviet presumably… were carrying… Soviet medium bombers, and were deck loaded medium bombers, and were deck loaded on a ship which had arrived in Havana in on a ship which had arrived in Havana in the early days of October. The President the early days of October. The President requested that such information be requested that such information be withheld at least until after elections as if withheld at least until after elections as if the information got into the press, a new the information got into the press, a new and more violent Cuban issue would be and more violent Cuban issue would be injected into the campaign and this would injected into the campaign and this would seriously affect his independence of seriously affect his independence of action. “action. “

Page 16: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

16

Malinovsky: USSR, directive, TOP SECRET Malinovsky: USSR, directive, TOP SECRET

Order to Pliyev (22 October 1962)Order to Pliyev (22 October 1962) This is a Top Secret Russian military This is a Top Secret Russian military

order to increase combat readiness order to increase combat readiness in Cuba to assist the Cuban Army in in Cuba to assist the Cuban Army in the event of a US invasion.the event of a US invasion.

““TROSTNIK -to comrade PAVLOVTROSTNIK -to comrade PAVLOVIn connection with possible landing on In connection with possible landing on

Cuba of Americans participating in Cuba of Americans participating in maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea, maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea, undertake urgent measures to undertake urgent measures to increase combat readiness and to increase combat readiness and to repel the enemy by joint efforts of the repel the enemy by joint efforts of the Cuban Army and all Soviet troop Cuban Army and all Soviet troop units, excluding Statsenko's units, excluding Statsenko's weapons and all of Beloborodov's weapons and all of Beloborodov's cargo.”cargo.”

PliyevPliyev

Page 17: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

17

JFK: Letter to Chairman JFK: Letter to Chairman Khrushchev (22 October 1962)Khrushchev (22 October 1962)

In this letter to Chairman Khrushchev Kennedy states the US position on Berlin and In this letter to Chairman Khrushchev Kennedy states the US position on Berlin and Cuba. Cuba.

The President expresses his desire for a peaceful resolution, but insists that action The President expresses his desire for a peaceful resolution, but insists that action will be taken if necessary. will be taken if necessary.

““The United States could not tolerate any action on your part which in a major way The United States could not tolerate any action on your part which in a major way disturbed the existing over-all balance of power in the world.”disturbed the existing over-all balance of power in the world.”

““I publicly stated that if certain developments in Cuba took place, the United States I publicly stated that if certain developments in Cuba took place, the United States would do whatever must be done to protect its own security and that of its allies.”would do whatever must be done to protect its own security and that of its allies.”

““I hope that your Government will refrain from any action which would widen or I hope that your Government will refrain from any action which would widen or deepen this already grave crisis and that we can agree to resume the path of deepen this already grave crisis and that we can agree to resume the path of peaceful negotiation.” peaceful negotiation.”

Page 18: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

18

JFK: Report to the American People on the JFK: Report to the American People on the

Soviet Arms Buildup in Cuba (22 October 1962)Soviet Arms Buildup in Cuba (22 October 1962) Questions to consider:Questions to consider:

1)What does Kennedy claim is 1)What does Kennedy claim is the purpose of the missile the purpose of the missile bases on Cuba?bases on Cuba?

2)What did the U.S.S.R. claim 2)What did the U.S.S.R. claim was the type of aide they were was the type of aide they were providing Cuba?providing Cuba?

3)What steps did Kennedy 3)What steps did Kennedy authorize to be taken?authorize to be taken?

4)What does he state will be 4)What does he state will be the result of a missile attack by the result of a missile attack by Cuba on any nation in the Cuba on any nation in the western hemisphere?western hemisphere?

5)What does he call upon 5)What does he call upon Khrushchev to do? Khrushchev to do?

This was the announcement made to This was the announcement made to the public by Kennedy on the build-the public by Kennedy on the build-up of Soviet arms in Cuba.up of Soviet arms in Cuba.

Page 19: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

19

Chairman Khrushchev: Letter to Chairman Khrushchev: Letter to

President Kennedy (24 October 1962)President Kennedy (24 October 1962) In Khrushchev’s response to President In Khrushchev’s response to President

Kennedy’s letter, the Chairman outlines Kennedy’s letter, the Chairman outlines the reasons for his refusal to submit to the reasons for his refusal to submit to the President’s “arbitrary demands.” the President’s “arbitrary demands.”

““Just imagine, Mr. President, that we Just imagine, Mr. President, that we had presented you with the conditions of had presented you with the conditions of an ultimatum which you have presented an ultimatum which you have presented us by your action. How would you have us by your action. How would you have reacted to this? I think that you would reacted to this? I think that you would have been indignant at such a step on have been indignant at such a step on our part.”our part.”

““You, Mr. President, are not declaring a You, Mr. President, are not declaring a quarantine, but rather are setting forth quarantine, but rather are setting forth an ultimatum and threatening that if we an ultimatum and threatening that if we do not give in to your demands you will do not give in to your demands you will use force.”use force.”

““The Soviet Government considers that The Soviet Government considers that the violation of the freedom to use the violation of the freedom to use international waters and international air international waters and international air space is an act of aggression which space is an act of aggression which pushes mankind toward the abyss of a pushes mankind toward the abyss of a world nuclear-missile war.”world nuclear-missile war.”

Page 20: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

20

The Cuban Crisis (1962) The Cuban Crisis (1962) Questions to consider:Questions to consider:

1) What steps did the U.S. take 1) What steps did the U.S. take to hinder weapons shipments to to hinder weapons shipments to Cuba?Cuba?

3) What does this clip claim 3) What does this clip claim Castro has been doing to Castro has been doing to prepare for invasion?prepare for invasion?

4) What was Castro’s reaction to 4) What was Castro’s reaction to UN weapons inspectors?UN weapons inspectors?

5) How was the U.S. able to 5) How was the U.S. able to determine that Cuba had missile determine that Cuba had missile bases?bases?

6) What organization pledged 6) What organization pledged their support of U.S. action?their support of U.S. action?

This newsreel story details the This newsreel story details the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis events of the Cuban Missile Crisis to date.to date.

Page 21: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

21

Fidel Castro: Letter to Premier Fidel Castro: Letter to Premier Khrushchev (26 October 1962)Khrushchev (26 October 1962)

In this letter, Castro informs Khrushchev In this letter, Castro informs Khrushchev of an imminent invasion. of an imminent invasion.

He goes on to describe how it will be met He goes on to describe how it will be met by the Cuban people and makes by the Cuban people and makes suggestions as to the Soviet Union’s suggestions as to the Soviet Union’s action in such a case.action in such a case.

““From an analysis of the situation and the From an analysis of the situation and the reports in our possession, I consider that reports in our possession, I consider that the aggression is almost imminent within the aggression is almost imminent within the next 24 or 72 hours.”the next 24 or 72 hours.”

““The morale of the Cuban people is The morale of the Cuban people is extremely high and the aggressor will be extremely high and the aggressor will be confronted heroically.”confronted heroically.”

““If… the imperialists invade Cuba with If… the imperialists invade Cuba with the goal of occupying it, the danger that the goal of occupying it, the danger that that aggressive policy poses for humanity that aggressive policy poses for humanity is so great that… the Soviet Union must is so great that… the Soviet Union must never allow the circumstances in which never allow the circumstances in which the imperialists could launch the first the imperialists could launch the first nuclear strike against it.” nuclear strike against it.”

Page 22: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

22

Crisis Eases: Wary U.S. Awaits Crisis Eases: Wary U.S. Awaits Missile Removal (29 October 1962)Missile Removal (29 October 1962)

Questions to consider:Questions to consider:

1)Who is arriving at the UN to 1)Who is arriving at the UN to represent the U.S.S.R.?represent the U.S.S.R.?

2)Who is the acting Secretary 2)Who is the acting Secretary General of the UN at this time?General of the UN at this time?

3)What role is U Thant playing 3)What role is U Thant playing in negotiations?in negotiations?

4)Who will supervise the 4)Who will supervise the removal of missile sites in removal of missile sites in Cuba?Cuba?

This is a newsreel story in which Russian This is a newsreel story in which Russian Kusnetsov arrives at the UN and meets Kusnetsov arrives at the UN and meets with U Thant. with U Thant.

Page 23: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

23

Missile Bases: Castro Balks At Missile Bases: Castro Balks At U.N. Team (1 November 1962)U.N. Team (1 November 1962)

Questions to consider:Questions to consider:

1)From where is U Thant 1)From where is U Thant returning?returning?

2)What does he predict 2)What does he predict about the dismantling of about the dismantling of missile bases in Cuba?missile bases in Cuba?

3)When will the process 3)When will the process be complete?be complete?

4)What will happen to the 4)What will happen to the missiles there?missiles there?

5)What does the 5)What does the Whitehouse announce Whitehouse announce about the Naval about the Naval Quarantine? Quarantine?

In this newsreel story, U Thant returns to In this newsreel story, U Thant returns to NY from meeting with Castro regarding NY from meeting with Castro regarding Cuban Missile Crisis. He speaks to press Cuban Missile Crisis. He speaks to press about his meeting and his findings there. about his meeting and his findings there.

Page 24: 1 The Cuban Missile Crisis. 2 Memo from the CIA on the Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) J.D. Esterline became director of a task force to direct the Cuban.

24

MultimediaMultimedia CitationCitation

Slide 2: Slide 2: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/CIAesterline1.jpghttp://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/CIAesterline1.jpg http://www.cia.gov/csi/studies/winter98_99/page104.gifhttp://www.cia.gov/csi/studies/winter98_99/page104.gif http://www.cia.gov/csi/studies/winter98_99/page95.gifhttp://www.cia.gov/csi/studies/winter98_99/page95.gif

Slide 3: Slide 3: http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/forum/castro.jpghttp://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/forum/castro.jpg Slide 5: Slide 5: http://area51specialprojects.com/images/50large.jpghttp://area51specialprojects.com/images/50large.jpg

http://www.earthstation1.com/pgs/kennedys/des-JFK_after_bay_of_Pigs_April_61.wav.http://www.earthstation1.com/pgs/kennedys/des-JFK_after_bay_of_Pigs_April_61.wav.htmlhtml

Slide 6: Slide 6: http://www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/images/00000130.gifhttp://www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/images/00000130.gif http://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/l/pics/lumumba-patrice.jpghttp://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/l/pics/lumumba-patrice.jpg

Slide 7:Slide 7:http://www2.chass.ncsu.edu/slatta/hi453/images/chefidel.jpghttp://www2.chass.ncsu.edu/slatta/hi453/images/chefidel.jpg Slide 8: Slide 8:

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t059/T059107A.jpghttp://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t059/T059107A.jpg Slide 9: Slide 9: http://www.ets.ru/images/pk000083.jpghttp://www.ets.ru/images/pk000083.jpg

http://http://www.answers.com/main/ntquery;jsessionidwww.answers.com/main/ntquery;jsessionid=b87oc07vljo5?dsname==b87oc07vljo5?dsname=Wikipedia+Images&dekeyWikipedia+Images&dekey==Matvei+zakharov.jpg&sbidMatvei+zakharov.jpg&sbid=lc12a&linktext==lc12a&linktext=

Slide 10: Slide 10: http://www.american.edu/media/images/Photos/kennedy%20speech.jpghttp://www.american.edu/media/images/Photos/kennedy%20speech.jpg Slide 11: http://www3.hpu.edu/kalamalama/archive/2507/IMAGES/PHOTOS/A-bomb.jpgSlide 11: http://www3.hpu.edu/kalamalama/archive/2507/IMAGES/PHOTOS/A-bomb.jpg Slide 12: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/46.jpg Slide 12: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/46.jpg Slide 14: http://www.doane.edu/Dept_Pages/Education/Portfolios/Borer/New%20Folder/2.jpg Slide 14: http://www.doane.edu/Dept_Pages/Education/Portfolios/Borer/New%20Folder/2.jpg Slide 15: http://www.cia.gov/cia/information/tour/dcihall.html Slide 15: http://www.cia.gov/cia/information/tour/dcihall.html Slide 16: http://www-cgsc.army.mil/carl/resources/csi/glantz3/images/079.jpg Slide 16: http://www-cgsc.army.mil/carl/resources/csi/glantz3/images/079.jpg Slide 17: http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/000001b2.jpg Slide 17: http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/000001b2.jpg Slide 18: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-22_The_Red_Threat Slide 18: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-22_The_Red_Threat Slide 19: http://www.pittsford.monroe.edu/directory/~decarlo/regents/Regents_Review/Slide 19: http://www.pittsford.monroe.edu/directory/~decarlo/regents/Regents_Review/

CWAsia.jpg CWAsia.jpg Slide 20: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-25_The_Cuban_Crisis Slide 20: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-25_The_Cuban_Crisis Slide 21: http://www.coas.uncc.edu/latinamerican/latinhistory/National/AgeBack/AgeBack2.jpg Slide 21: http://www.coas.uncc.edu/latinamerican/latinhistory/National/AgeBack/AgeBack2.jpg Slide 22: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-29_Crisis_Eases Slide 22: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-10-29_Crisis_Eases Slide 23: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-11-01_Missile_Bases Slide 23: http://www.archive.org/details/1962-11-01_Missile_Bases


Recommended