1. USED TO + INFINITIVE2. SUBJECT & OBJECT QUESTIONS
USAGE:We use used to to describe past habits, routines, and states that are now finishedI used to laugh a lot ( but now, I dont laugh any more)USED TO + INFINITIVE
Example : One day , in a park, 2 old women met each others. They recalled continually about their past life. One said:
I used to be a very beautiful girl (1)
One replied: I used to have an attractive smile like Mona Lisa (2)(1) Now, she is no longer beautiful.
(2) Now, she doesnt have an attractive smile like Mona Lisa anymore.
What is the negative form of used to?Used not/ usedntEg:
+ She used not /usednt to like Tom but she quite likes him now+ You used not/ usednt to go to England but you are in London now+ They used not/ usednt to eat rice
What is the question form of used to?Interrogative : used + S
eg: Used she like him?
Negative interrogative: used + S + not / usednt + S
eg: Used she not like him?Or: Usednt she like him?
Questions can also be formed with did: did ( not) use to
Eg: I used to drink beerDid you use to drive bicycle?I usednt to drink beer=> Didnt you use to drive car?
Exercise: Change these sentences into negative and question form:She used to be famous
They used to live in Paris
He used to work as a doctor.
1. She usednt to be famous Used she to be famous?
2. They usednt to live in Paris Used they to live in Paris?
3. He usednt to work as a doctor Did he use to work as a doctor
EXERCISE:Match the sentences in A with the categories in B
SUBJECT & OBJECT QUESTIONSWhat is subject questions?What is object questions?The differences between them?
Subject questionsSomebody built up good contacts with airlinesWho built up good contacts with airlines?2. Something opened in 1996=> What opened in 1996?Object questionsDinesh built up good contacts with somebody.Who did Dinesh build up good contacts with?2. Customers buy tickets from somewhere.=> Where do customers buy tickets from?Example:
DIFFERENCES:Subject questions ask to find out about the subject.In Subject questions, who, what ,which are used as subjects. We dont use auxiliary verbs in subject questions
Object questions ask about objects.
In Object questions, who, what ,etc. are used as objects.We use auxiliary verbs in object questions
Exercises: Put the following words in order to make a question. Remember to conjugate the verbs and add an auxiliary verb if required.1.which/you/television/ buy
3. he/who/visit/last week/
1.Which television do you buy?
2. Who invited him to dinner yesterday?
3. Who did he visit last week?
4. Which book are they reading for the class?
5.Who asked the question?
What kind of verb do we often use in the short answer to a subject question?
Example: Match the questions in A with the answers in B:Which company brings old school friends into contact with each other?Who set up Friends Reunited in 1999?What did they launch in 2002?Which company has recently opened sites in European countries?Julie, Stephen, and Jason did.Friends Reunited does.Friends Reunited has.Sites in Australia.
What kind of verb do we often use in the short answer to a subject question? Auxiliary verbs Eg:@ Who loves her? => He does
@ What makes him happy? => Money does.
Write short answers to these questions using an auxiliary verb: Read this paragraph then do the exercise below: Her father bought a new car last week. It is a beautiful new Cadillac. He bought the car because he says it's the best car in the world. Her father has driven a Cadillac for many years. He says it's the kind of car that people respect. In fact, rich and famous people have always driven Cadillac. She remembers that Elvis Presley used to drive a Cadillac. When her father first met Elvis, he saw that he was driving a pink Cadillac. It was then that she herself decided to buy a Cadillac 1. Who bought a new car last week?2. Who has driven a Cadillac for many years?3. Who have always driven Cadillac? 4. Who drove a pink Cadillac?5. Who decided to buy a Cadillac then?1. Her father did.2. Her father has.
3. Rich and famous people have.4. Elvis Presley did.5. She herself did.
GOOD LUCK TO YOU IN YOUR EXAM!