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SECOND EDITION MUHITH: 2% UNDER TAX NET BY 2020 PAGE 32 TRAINS TO DAILY CARRY 250,000 PEOPLE PAGE 3 PM: STRICT MONITORING FOR PRIVATE UNIS PAGE 25 WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 | Ashwin 1, 1422, Zilhaj 1, 1436 | Regd No DA 6238, Vol 3, No 153 | www.dhakatribune.com | 32 pages | Price: Tk10 Cross-border cattle driving a lucrative profession n Mohammad Jamil Khan and Syed Samiul Basher Anik, back from the borders Shaheed Dakua from Panbari village in Lalmonirhat district in Bangladesh has been driving smuggled Indian cattle across the bor- der for 50 years. He usually brings four cows or buffaloes at a time because anything higher is not only hard to control but also raises the chances of getting caught at the border. He can earn up to Tk10,000 for bringing each of these consignments for local smug- gling bigshots; but if things go wrong – which they often do – he might get killed for illegal trespassing. In fact, according to Border Guard Bangla- desh (BGB), 90% of Bangladeshis killed at the border are cattle smugglers. People like Shaheed are called “dangowal” – the local term for a shepherd. His son Hasan Dakua, whom Dhaka Tribune correspondents met at a tea stall near the Burimari Land Port in Lalmonirhat, is an apprentice to his father. There are entire villages of dangowals in these bordering districts in the coun- try’s north and west. In fact, most people in Hasan’s village are drivers of smuggled cattle. He might be just 18 years old, but he has already married twice. He first got married at the age of 14. After his first wife died, he got married again and has two children with his second wife. Interestingly, most male residents of these border areas marry around the age of 15. Lo- cals said families tend to get their sons mar- ried early so that they do not stay back in In- dia after going there as a dangowal. An “assignment” of bringing in a cattle consignment can be divided into three parts: collecting the cattle from India; driving the animals through the border; and finally hand- ing them over to cattle traders on this side. Part one This usually begins in one of the Indian PAGE 2 COLUMN 1 Students to get their VAT back n Shadma Malik Private university authorities have arranged for the students to get back the money they had already paid as VAT on their tuition fees. The value-added tax that had already been collected from students shall be returned in two ways: either the amount will be adjusted with the next semester’s tuition fees, or the students would be able to collect the cash or a cheque from their respective accounts office. The decision was posted on websites of the private universities concerned as their students started returning to classrooms after their successful street demonstrations made the government withdraw the VAT on education. Classes resumed yesterday at North South University, which along with Independent PAGE 2 COLUMN 1
Transcript
  • SECOND EDITION

    MUHITH: 2% UNDER TAX NET BY 2020 PAGE 32

    TRAINS TO DAILY CARRY 250,000 PEOPLE PAGE 3

    PM: STRICT MONITORING FOR PRIVATE UNIS PAGE 25

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 | Ashwin 1, 1422, Zilhaj 1, 1436 | Regd No DA 6238, Vol 3, No 153 | www.dhakatribune.com | 32 pages | Price: Tk10

    Cross-border cattle driving a lucrative professionn Mohammad Jamil Khan and Syed Samiul Basher Anik, back from the borders

    Shaheed Dakua from Panbari village in Lalmonirhat district in Bangladesh has been driving smuggled Indian cattle across the bor-der for 50 years.

    He usually brings four cows or bu aloes at a time because anything higher is not only hard to control but also raises the chances of getting caught at the border.

    He can earn up to Tk10,000 for bringing each of these consignments for local smug-gling bigshots; but if things go wrong which they often do he might get killed for illegal

    trespassing.In fact, according to Border Guard Bangla-

    desh (BGB), 90% of Bangladeshis killed at the border are cattle smugglers.

    People like Shaheed are called dangowal the local term for a shepherd. His son Hasan Dakua, whom Dhaka Tribune correspondents met at a tea stall near the Burimari Land Port in Lalmonirhat, is an apprentice to his father.

    There are entire villages of dangowals in these bordering districts in the coun-trys north and west. In fact, most people in Hasans village are drivers of smuggled cattle.

    He might be just 18 years old, but he has already married twice. He rst got married at the age of 14. After his rst wife died, he got

    married again and has two children with his second wife.

    Interestingly, most male residents of these border areas marry around the age of 15. Lo-cals said families tend to get their sons mar-ried early so that they do not stay back in In-dia after going there as a dangowal.

    An assignment of bringing in a cattle consignment can be divided into three parts: collecting the cattle from India; driving the animals through the border; and nally hand-ing them over to cattle traders on this side.

    Part oneThis usually begins in one of the Indian PAGE 2 COLUMN 1

    Students to get their VAT backn Shadma Malik Private university authorities have arranged for the students to get back the money they had already paid as VAT on their tuition fees.

    The value-added tax that had already been collected from students shall be returned in two ways: either the amount will be adjusted with the next semesters tuition fees, or the students would be able to collect the cash or a cheque from their respective accounts o ce.

    The decision was posted on websites of the private universities concerned as their students started returning to classroomsafter their successful street demonstrations made the government withdraw the VAT on education.

    Classes resumed yesterday at North South University, which along with Independent

    PAGE 2 COLUMN 1

  • WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015NEWS2DT

    Cross-border cattle driving a lucrative professionvillages near the border. Bangladeshi traders place demand to Indian brokers, known as mahajans.

    Based on the demand, the mahajans col-lect adult cattle from surrounding villages. Depending on the demand placed by the Bangladeshi trader, the mahajans can collect up to 50 heads of cattle.

    The money is transferred mainly in two ways. The Bangladeshi traders either give the money to the dangowals if the consignment is small, or transfer it through informal chan-nels such as hundi. Sometimes the two par-ties meet at unguarded border points and just throw the money over the fence.

    According to Hasan Dakua, they some-times smuggle drugs like phensedyl and even humans along with the cattle. But that is an-other story.

    One dangowal usually does not bring more than four cows at a time. If the size of the con-signment is 50, then the importer here sends a team of 12 to 13 dangowals with the necessary information.

    Communication is not a problem because Bangladeshi mobile phone SIM cards work in the Indian bordering villages, sometimes up to 2km inside Indian territory.

    Part twoThe dangowals cross the border in the middle of the night, generally during the new moon. On the darkest of nights, they may even cross the border twice.

    There is no fence at the Patgram border in Lalmonirhat. There is a narrow shallow canal at the border and the dangowals, along with the cattle, walk or swim across to reach Bang-ladeshi territory.

    But not all borders are unfenced. For exam-ple, dangowals have to often cut the barbed-wire fences at the borders in Kurigram district

    to pass through with the cattle.Smuggling rings have special arrangements

    with the local units of the Indian Border Secu-rity Force (BSF) and Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB), and customs o cials, police and local political leaders of both countries.

    The dangowals have to share their incomes with all of them in exchange for free passage across the border.

    When the cattle reach Bangladeshi terri-tory, BGB teams catch the dangowals and the

    animals and inform customs o cials.

    Part threeThe customs o cials come in the morning, seize the cattle and take them to makeshift cowsheds, locally known as khatals or bits.

    In the khatal, customs o cials speak with the dangowals, take Tk510 for each cow, is-sues a token or a receipt and frees the cattle. The token or receipt number is stamped on the back of the cows. This money goes into

    the governments books as revenue.The dangowals then bring the cows to des-

    ignated places. From there, after having re-ceived the cattle, the Bangladesh trader sends the cows to markets. Before Eid-ul-Azha, the trader might bring the cattle to animal mar-kets in Dhaka and other big cities.

    Against costs of about Tk10,000, depend-ing on the market and size of the animal, the selling price of a bu alo or cow can range from Tk30,000 to Tk3 lakh. l

    Students to get their VAT backUniversity Bangladesh announced of sus-pending classes on September 13; the IUB will open again on September 27.

    Other universities that saw their students boycott classes since protests intensi ed last Thursday, also returned to their universities yesterday.

    University authorities said make-up classes would be held to cover for the losses

    in academic activities during the demonstra-tions.

    Talking about the return of VAT money, Prof M Omar Rahman, vice-chancellor of IUB, told the Dhaka Tribune: A sum of money was taken as VAT from the students when it was enforced by the government. Since then, the government has cancelled VAT on private uni-versities and the authority has established the

    policy to return the money. The money will be adjusted in the next tu-

    ition fees. If a student wants to take back the money, they will have to contact the accounts department. Procedures will be carried out to return their VAT money, he said

    Brac University VC Prof Syed Saad An-daleeb said: Brac university will provide cash or give a cheque to the students. It will be ad-

    justed in their next tuition fees. The students need to bring the receipt. The procedure has already been implemented.

    Green University of Bangladesh VC Prof Md Golam Samdani Fakir told the Dhaka Tribune: Under the general procedure of tuition fees, students pay it twice before the mid-term and after the mid-term. The money will be adjust-ed in the second instalment. l

    CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

    Traders on way to the capital with sacri cial cattle on a truck from northern zone of the country. The photo was taken at Tinmathha area of Bogra district yesterday DHAKA TRIBUNE

    4 Bangladeshis die in Omann Tribune ReportFour Bangladeshi workers were killed and four others injured in an accident in Omans Yiti area on Sunday, reported the Times of Oman.

    According to the report, of the deceased, three died on the spot when the JCB machine in whose bucket they were travelling, toppled over.

    The machine was reportedly being driven by an inexperienced driver.

    JCB is equipment for construction, dem-olition and agriculture carried in mini vehi-cles.

    Five people received severe injuries during the incident while one of them succumbed to his injuries at a hospital in Muscat.

    All the Bangladeshi victims were employed at a landscape project in Jebel Sifah. However,

    detailed information on the victims could not be known immediately.

    The report further claimed that three out of four deceased were undocumented workers.

    Quoting a senior o cial from the Bang-ladesh Embassy in Muscat, the news outlet reported: A rst-hand information from an uno cial source suggested that the Bangla-deshis died when the JCB machine toppled.

    Three persons died on the spot and the other died yesterday.

    They were all rushed to the Khoula Hospital Trauma Centre. The remains of the dead have been shifted to the police hospitals morgue.

    E orts are on by the mission o ce to con- rm their identities, including their address-es in Bangladesh, repatriate the remains and seek compensation, added the report. l

    Syed Mohsin Ali returns in a co n from Singaporen UNBThe body of Social Welfare Minister Syed Mo-hsin Ali who died in a Singapore hospital on Monday was brought home yesterday night.

    A ight of Singapore Airlines carrying the body of the late minister landed at Shahjalal International Airport in the capital around 10:50pm, said Social Welfare Ministry Public Relations O cer Maidul Islam.

    Later, the body will be taken to his Minto Road o cial residence in the capital, he said from the airport.

    The body will be kept at the Central Sha-heed Minar from 8am to 9am today so that

    people can pay their last respects to him.The rst namaz-e-janaza of Syed Mohsin

    Ali will be held at 10am today at the Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban. President Abdul Hamid is expected to join the janaza.

    His body will be own to Moulvibazar by a helicopter at noon and his last namaz-e-janaza will be held at Moulvibazar Government High School ground around 4pm. Syed Mohsin Ali will be buried at Shah Mostafa Mazar at Darjir-mahal by the graves of his parents.

    Social Welfare Minister Syed Mohsin Ali, who was undergoing treatment at Singapore General Hospital, died on Monday morning at the age of 67. l

  • NEWS 3DT

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    Khaleda leavesfor Londonn Tribune ReportBNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia left Dhaka for London yesterday for treatment.

    An Emirates Airlines ight carrying Khale-da left Shahjalal airport at 9:30pm while hun-dreds of leaders waved their hands outside the airport, said Shamsuddin Didar, an o cial of Khaledas press wing.

    Khaleda was accompanied by her younger brother Shamim Eskander and his wife Kaniz Fatema; her Personal Secretary ABM Abdus Sattar and house maid Fatema Akhter.

    This is Khaledas second visit to the UK after 2006. She is likely to spend Eid-ul-Adha with her family members in London.

    Khaledas elder son Tarique Rahman has now been living in London with his family members since 2007. He is facing a number of graft and criminal cases.

    Khaleda and Tarique met last year when she went to Saudi Arabia for Umrah.

    This will be their rst meeting since Khale-das younger son Arafat Rahman Coco died of cardiac arrest in January this year.

    Khaleda was supposed to meet Tarique in Saudi Arabia for Umrah during the last Ram-adan but the reunion fell through as she had cancelled the visit in the last moment.

    A number of BNP leaders said Cocos wife Sharmila Rahman Sithi and her two daughters Jahiya Rahman and Jaisa Rahman were likely to y to London from Thailand to spend the Eid together. l

    UN o cial praises Bangladeshi peacekeepersn Sheikh Shahariar ZamanUN Under-Secretary-General for Field Support Atul Khare has praised Bangladeshi peacekeep-ers, saying there had been no al-legation against them during the last two years.

    At a press brie ng in the cap-itals Hotel Sonargaon yester-day, the UN o cial said he had received 43 allegations against peacekeepers from di erent countries during this time, but not a single one against Bangla-deshi peacekeepers.

    Khare arrived in Dhaka on Sun-day on a three-day visit. During his stay, he met Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Foreign Minister AH Mahmood Ali, State Minister for Foreign A airs Mohammad Shahriar Alam and the acting chief of army sta .

    The UN o cial quoted the acting chief of army sta as telling him that as far as Bangladeshi peacekeepers were concerned, they had not zero tolerance but minus tolerance on sexual exploitation and abuse.

    On another note, Khare said the UN would arrange an event next year for Bangladeshi busi-nesspeople to make them aware about the prospects of doing business with the global body. l

    Trains to carry 250,000 dailyn Tribune Report Bangladesh Railway is ready to serve around 250,000 passengers a day during the Eid hol-idays, up from the daily average of 170,000 passengers per day, the railway minister said.

    Advance ticket sales ahead of Eid-ul-Azha started at Dhaka and Chittagong railway sta-tions yesterday morning. Tickets will be availa-ble both online and at ticket counters until Sep-tember 19. Each passenger is allowed to buy a maximum of four non-refundable tickets.

    The national railway will sell some 48,000 advance tickets per day, with 25% earmarked for online and mobile sales, 5% allocated for VIPs and another 5% set aside for sta .

    Railway Minister Mujibul Haque visited Kamalapur Railway Station around 10am yes-terday while the station was crammed with passengers.

    Passenger hardship will decrease by next Eid because new carriages will be procured by January, the minister said while visiting the station.

    Many passengers are not able to get tick-ets on their preferred dates of travel because there are not enough coaches and engines, the minister said after observing the situation on the rst day of advance ticket sales.

    He said the number of train carriages would be increased to 270 from the existing 224 by January. An additional 150 engines will be added under ADP nancing that has already commenced, he added.

    The minister warned railway o cials that

    they would face dismissal if delays were prov-en to be caused by irresponsibility on their part.

    Delays had already been caused by an ac-cident. The minister asked o cials to swiftly get the train schedule back on track.

    Kamalapur Station experienced a heavy rush on the morning of the rst day of ad-vance ticket sales.

    Tickets for September 20 were sold yester-day; those for September 21 will be sold today. September 22 tickets will be sold on Septem-ber 17, September 23 tickets on September 18 and September 24 tickets on September 19.

    BR will operate 14 special trains, of which four will serve Solakia, Kishoreganj. The re-maining trains will run for three days before to seven days after Eid. l

    As advance train tickets went on sale ahead of Eid-ul-Azha, hundreds throng the capital's Kamalapur Railway Station yesterday to secure a ticket home MEHEDI HASAN

  • WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015NEWS4DT

    Anti-VAT movements lesson for partiesn Kamran Reza ChowdhuryThe latest case of the private university students demanding cancellation of the value added tax (VAT) on tuition fees demonstrates a qualitative change in the approach of a generation used to a culture of rampage. Damaging cars and buses used to be the primary approach of the students whenever they were out on the streets.

    This violent way of protest had little support from the populace, but the student bodies were under the impression that no demand was achievable without resorting to street rampage. Perhaps it is because these rampagers hardly ever face legal action, unless the government decides to single out some political gure to harass. For instance, the BNP Secretary-General Mirza Fakhrul

    Islam Alamgir currently faces the charge of vandalising DCC garbage trucks.

    The ve-day student protest was organised and peaceful. No violence was reported in any part of the city, though it came to a standstill due to the blockade of students carrying messages such as: Either withdraw VAT or shoot us.

    In a democratic polity, what else can be as powerful? As a journalist, I have seen some people try and provoke the students, but they remained unmoved. The organisers deserve credit for their peaceful approach; they have once again proven that anything is achievable through peaceful means.

    The withdrawal of the VAT is another testimony that a political government, no matter how bad or undemocratic it is in nature, must respect the opinion of the

    people. I have no doubt in mind that a violent approach would have prompted the government to go in the other direction.

    The political parties, be it AL, BNP, or Jamaat, have been using violence as the principal political strategy against the governments. Their reckless attitude has distorted the peace-loving mentality of the people.

    The parties should learn from this movement that the days of violence are gone. The one-sided elections in 2014 have no doubt eroded our democratic institutions and civil rights. But the BNP-Jamaats violent call and subsequent actions against the January 5 polls gave Awami League the ground on which to successfully sell the elections at home and abroad.

    The Awami League backtracked from

    the VAT decision sensing a probable consequence: They did not want to allow the opposition to cash in on the unrest. The BNP had extended moral support to the students. And the bureaucrat-turned- nance minister was cornered by the politicians from within the Awami League.

    The ruling party acted judiciously before the situation went out of control, though huge economic losses have befallen the people in the last ve days. But a stitch in time saves nine.

    The political parties should learn from our children that people want peace, not violence, and they want to know that their constitutional rights are protected. They expect the government to care about the dissenting voices that make democracy meaningful. l

    Experts: Migration issues must be included in development policies n Tribune ReportsIn light of recent events, migration must be included in the development policies of global leaders, experts said at a city event yesterday.

    The event, a discussion the issue of migration, was held at the CIRDAP auditorium in the capital, organised by the Bangladesh mission of International Organisation of Migration (IOM).

    High-ups from several ministries, development agencies and experts took part in the discussion, which was organised to discuss Bangladeshs stand on the issue in the upcoming 8th Global Forum for Migration and Development (GFMD) Summit, also organised by the IOM and to be held next month in Istanbul, Turkey.

    Speaking at the event, Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment Minister Nurul Islam highlighted the importance of legal channels of migration.

    In particular, encompassing protection obligations of the labour migrants will signi cantly reduce the vulnerabilities and risks incurred by the migrants.

    Foreign A airs Secretary Shahidul Haque said the GFMD summit was taking place at a critical time to shape the future of migration, which he said was a political issue rather than a technical one.

    Speakers discussed a number of other issues, including the human rights conditions of migrants in foreign countries, fair recruitment practices and recruitment fees, harnessing the bene ts of migration as a part of sustainable

    development goals, human and nancial costs of international migration, and mainstreaming of migrants into all sectors of the economy.

    Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment Secretary Khandaker Md Iftekhar Haider said countries that export and/or import man power must ensure welfare and rights of the migrant workers.

    He also urged all stakeholders to show utmost cooperation in order to successfully stage the 2016 GFMD Summit, scheduled to be held in Dhaka.

    An initiative of the United Nations, the GFMD is the biggest platform on migration issues that addresses the connection between migration and development.

    Bangladesh has been an active participant of the forum since its beginning in 2007. l

    CNG lling stations to remain open 24-hour for Eidn Tribune ReportThe Natural Compressed Gas (CNG) lling sta-tions will remain open round the clock from September 22-30 to facilitate journeys on the occasion of Eid-ul-Azha, scheduled to be held on September 25.

    Road Transport and Bridges Minister Obaidul Quader made the announcement at the secretariat yesterday.

    He said: We have formed a special team headed by Bangladesh Road Transport Au-thority director to monitor four inter-district bus terminals of the capital to ensure has-sle-free journey of the holidaymakers.

    The representatives of Dhaka Metropolitan Police, Dhaka South City Corporation, Dhaka North City Corporation and Bus Owners and Workers Association are included in the team.

    The team will monitor to check charging of extra fares, overloading vehicles and other harassment of the passengers. l

    Moududs son Aman dies of denguen UNBAman Moudud, only son of BNP standing committee member Moudud Ahmed, died early yesterday. He was 38.

    He died around 4:30am when he was being own to Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore by an air ambulance from United Hospital in Dhaka on Monday night, said the BNP chair-persons press wing member Sairul Kabir Khan.

    Moududs chamber junior Ehsanur Rah-man said Amans body has been kept in the mortuary of the Singapore hospital.

    On September 9, Aman was admitted to United Hospital with fever and was diagnosed with dengue. Ehsanur Rahman said Amans condition started deteriorating early Monday after he was given antibiotic for dengue and then he was put on life support. Moududs personal assistant Shahidul Islam said a med-ical team of the hospital suggested taking him abroad for better treatment. l

    A mobile court conducted sudden raid at pharmacies in Saheb Bazar and Katakhali Bazar areas of Rajshahi city yesterday, looking for illegal veterinary drugs. During the raid, several pharmacies were shut down in order to avoid the raid. One pharmacy was ned by the court AZAHAR UDDIN

  • NEWS 5DT

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    PM: Bring private universities under strict monitoringn Tribune ReportPrime Minister Sheikh Hasina has directed development planners to bring private university education under strict monitoring in a bid to ensure quality education.

    Sources also quoted the premier as urging planners to increase investment in education research to enhance the sector.

    Hasinas directives came as General Economic Division Member Prof Shamsul Alam yesterday made a powerpoint presentation on the newly drafted seventh ve-year plan at the Planning Commission.

    Under the ve-year plan, which is expected to be implemented from the next scal year, the government will aim to attain an 8% economic growth over the following ve years.

    The prime minister wants to see the re ection of the Awami Leagues election manifesto, said an o cial who was at yesterdays programme. Hasina also called for a strategy that would allow the country to export skilled manpower, he added.

    The General Economic Division under

    the Planning Commission is projecting to annually export four lakh skilled and semi-skilled manpower by 2020.

    According to the draft seventh ve-year plan, around 36 lakh jobs will be created in

    home and abroad by the end of the ongoing scal year and 40 lakh jobs by FY2019-20.

    Emphasising the need to set a greater priority for the agriculture sector, the prime minister also called for a plan that would ensure growth of the food-processing industry.

    According to the draft ve-year plan, Bangladesh will require Tk31.9 trillion worth of investment to implement the plan and boost the economic growth.

    Of the required fund, around Tk29 trillion or 90% is projected to come from domestic resources while the rest would come from external resources.

    The government earlier framed the Perspective Plan 2010-2021 targeting double digit growth by 2021. As per the plan, the government prepared the sixth ve-year plan which ended last scal year.

    Finance Minister AMA Muhith, Commerce Minister Tofail Ahmed, Planning Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal, Agriculture Minister Matia Chowdhury and high o cials of the commission also attended yesterdays meeting. l

    One war tribunal dissolvedn Tribune ReportThe authorities yesterday reshu ed the In-ternational Crimes Tribunal 1 and made the tribunal 2 dormant.

    The Law Ministry issued a gazette noti -cation in this regard. It says Justice Anwarul Haque, a former member of the tribunal 1, has been appointed as chairman of the tribunal.

    Tribunal 2 Member Justice Md Shahinur Is-lam and High Court Justice Md Shohrowardi have been made its members.

    On the other hand, former chairman of tribunal 1 Justice M Enayetur Rahim, former chairman of tribunal 2 Justice Obaidul Has-san and two members of the tribunals Jus-tice Jahangir Hossain and Justice Md Mozibur Rahman Miah have been brought back to the High Court Division.

    Earlier in the month, the government start-ed the process to merge the two tribunals into a single one in consultation with the Supreme Court.

    The Awami League-led government formed the rst tribunal on March 25, 2010 to try the collaborators of the Pakistani occupa-tion forces who had been involved in murder, rape, arson and looting during the 1971 Liber-ation War. The second tribunal was formed on March 22, 2012.

    So far, the two tribunals have pronounced verdicts in 21 cases including those led against former Jamaat-e-Islami chief Ghu-lam Azam and current chief Motiur Rahman Nizami.

    After the countrys independence on De-cember 16, 1971, then the government estab-lished 73 special tribunals across the country to try the local collaborators. The trial pro-ceedings began with 37,471 detained. Some 26,000 were freed under general amnesty de-clared in 1973.

    But those accused of killing, raping, looting and arson were declared beyond the amnesty. The trials continued until the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975. The subsequent military-backed gov-ernment annulled the Collaborators Ordi-nance on December 31 the same year and freed the detainees. l

    USAID brings platform for improved cookstovesn Aminur Rahman RaselTo create a dynamic and sustainable market for clean cooking solutions, United States Agency for International Development (US-AID) has organised a market facilitation plat-form on improved cookstoves (ICS) in the capital today.

    With the theme Transitioning Towards a Sustainable Market the event is organised under Catalysing Clean Energy in Bangladesh, a project of the USAID, in association with the Global Alliance for Clean Cook Stoves, hosted by the United Nations Foundation,

    The platform will bring together stake-

    holders from international and local manu-facturers, donor organisations and the mem-bers of the parliament.

    Manufacturers will have stalls to demonstrate their products and also have the opportunity to build network with other distributors interested in producing cookstoves locally.

    The day-long event will take place at the Bangabandhu International Conference Centre.

    Catalysing Clean Energy in Bangladesh (CCEB) is envisaged to build sustainable, improved market for cook stoves in Bangladesh in order to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse pollutants.

    This will be achieved through expanding the market for improved biomass cook stoves by developing sources of nance for consum-ers and/or clean energy businesses engaged in supplying the market with improved bio-mass cook stoves; strengthening businesses involved in the cookstove supply chain; and better understanding consumers in order to generate market demand.

    CCEB will work closely and coordinate with Government of Bangladesh, the Global Alliance for Clean Cook stoves, other donors, the private sector, and civil society to estab-lish a thriving market on both the supply and demand sides for clean cooking solu-tions. l

    Arrest, remand of philanthropists condemnedn Kamrul HasanActivists and well-wishers of Arifur Rahman, the youth who used to collect street children, educate them and give them vocational train-ing under his philanthropic organisation, have criticised the law enforcers for his arrest and remand based on a vague complaint.

    Condemnation ooded the social media platforms including Facebook since his arrest along with three other associates on Septem-ber 12 as the police claimed that the four were suspected human tra ckers.

    The 10 children rescued from the rented at of Adomyo Bangladesh Foundation at section C of Banasree in Rampura, all aged between nine and 14, con rmed that it was their shelter home. They were picked up from the streets following close observation by the activists working for the organisation.

    The organisation runs two schools for street children in Sadarghat and Agargaon areas named

    Mojar Iskul and Pothoshishu O Amra.The arrestees are Arifur, also known as Ar-

    ian Arif, Jakia Sultana, Hasibul Hasan Sabuj and Firoz Alam Khan Shuvo. According to the police, the arrestees had failed to show any document of the organisation and that they had no signboard.

    Police led the drive after the uncle of Mo-barak (one of the rescued boy) led a com-plaint with Rampura police. He later lodged a case under the Prevention and Suppression of Human Tra cking Act 2012.

    After the drive, police sealed o the o ce and seized four computers and 10 mobile phones.

    They were produced before a Dhaka court on Sunday and put on a two-day remand. They will be brought to the court today for further hearing in the case.

    Investigation O cer Ziarat Hossain said that in interrogation, the arrestees admitted that they had not been following the due legal processes to run a shelter home, launched a

    year ago. He also said that they had no infor-mation about the NGOs involvement in hu-man tra cking.

    One of the arrestees Hasibul last year took responsibility of the Amortize Scholarship Foundation in Tangail to help the street chil-dren. How could he be a human tra cker? one of his friends questioned.

    Since their arrest, people who donated money for Adomyo Bangladesh Foundation and participated in their various programmes have urged the government to investigate the matter seriously and release the youths.

    At the shelter home, the children were giv-en general and computer education, as well as training on making paper packets so that earn some money.

    Anowar Hossain, deputy commissioner of Motijheel division of police, earlier said that they had conducted the drive after receiving a complaint from a person that his nephew had been kept con ned in the at.

    Mobaraks uncle Munir Hossain claimed that his nephew had been picked up from a madrasa in Goran. He said that the sta also refused to let the child leave the shelter home when he wanted to take him back last week.

    Last Friday, when I went to visit the ma-drasa to take information about him, I was told that an NGO o cial had taken him for education, Monir claimed.

    However, Mobarak and police sources said that the child had been picked up from Ka-malapur Railway Station. He did not like the madrasa and so was hovering here and there. The activists of Adomyo Foundation took him to the shelter home. But he wanted to leave this place after a month, and was barred by the authorities.

    Relatives of several rescued children came to the court on Sunday and spoke in favour of the release of the four activists. The children also told reporters that they wanted to get back to their shelter home. l

  • WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015NEWS6DT

    Man to die for killing wife n Our Correspondent, BarisalA Barisal court yesterday gave death penalty to a man for killing wife throwing into a river from launch seven years back.

    The convicted is Sohrab Akon, 40, son of late Lal Mia Akon, from Toyka village, Muladi upazila in Barisal.

    Adib Ali, sessions judge of Barisal, handed down the verdict after cross-checking 11 wit-nesses and other evidences. The court also ned the accused Tk50,00.

    On October 20, 2007, Sohrab brought sev-en-month pregnant Mili to Dhaka telling to consult with a doctor over pregnancy compli-cations.

    On October 22, Mili died falling o launch on way to their native home.

    On May 10, 2008, Mini Begum, sister of Mili, lodged a case with Muladi police station accusing Sohrab for killing her sister.

    Sub-Inspector Abdur Rahim, investigation o cer of the case, led charge sheet against Sohrab on November 1, 2008. l

    Two get death penalty for killing mother, son n Our Correspondent, Narayanganj A Narayanganj court yesterday sentenced two people to death while another person to sev-en years imprisonment for killing a woman and her son four years back.

    Narayanganj Additional Sessions Judge Miaji Shahidul Alam Chowdhury handed down the verdict after examining the records and witnesses.

    The convicts are Abul Kashem, 58, and Dulal Hossain, 55, while the other convict is Babul Hossain of Darigaon village in Araihaz-ar upazila. Of the convicts, Babul was tried

    in absentia. The court also ned the convicts Tk50,000 each.

    According to the prosecution, an uniden-ti ed woman along with her seven-year-old son had sought help from Abul and Dulal on March 5, 2011 after losing their way at Dari-gaon village.

    However, the duo in connivance with Babul took the woman to a local graveyard and raped her. Later, the killed the women and her son and cemented their bodies in a graveyard.

    Locals sensed the incident when the killers tried to dump the bodies. Later, police led a case in this connection. l

    AL leader hacked to death n Our Correspondent, GazipurA local Awami League leader was hacked to death by some miscreants at Dubail village in Gafargaon upazila, Mymensingh.

    Police said the assailants had swooped on Mohar and hacked him indiscriminately from behind in the area around 8:30pm while he was taking tea in a tea stall around 9:30pm on Monday.

    He was taken to Sreepur Upazila Health Complex in Gazipur where doctors declared him dead. Medical O cer of Sreepur Upazila Health Complex, Gazipur told the Dhaka Trib-une that several injury marks were found in Mohors body. l

    2 jailed for trading porn footagen Tribune ReportA mobile court sentenced two video shop owners to one months jail and ned them Tk10,000 each for exchanging porn footages at Chaurongi in the district town.

    The convicts were identi ed as Ziauddin and Riad Ali, owners of two video shops in the area.

    OC of Sadar Police Station Munsi Assaduz-zaman said on information, a mobile court led by Executive Magistrate Mohammad Ullah, conducted a raid in the area and sentenced the duo to one months jail and ned them Tk10,000 each for storing porn footage and exchanging those with school students. l

    Rawhide traders frustrated over non-payment n Our Correspondent, DinajpurOver 200 rawhide traders in the district are going to lose their interest in the business as they have not got their due of last year yet.

    According to sources, Ramnagar is the sec-ond largest market for rawhide business in the district where the traders from Thakur-gaon, Panchagarh and Nilphamamri come to run the business.

    More than 200 traders bought the rawhide of Tk2 crore from the people during the Edul-az-Ha every year and later it was supplied to tannery industries in Dhaka.

    The tannery industry owners have not paid the money to the businessmen of last year yet. As a result, they have to pass the days in tension whether they cannot run their business.

    According to the sources of Rawhide Trad-ers Association, the businessmen in the dis-trict have been passing days in uncertainty whether they are not able to run their busi-ness this year as they have not got their last years due.

    The tannery industry owners also said that they had to face a critical situation as they could not run the business due to political turmoil.

    Manjur, a rawhide trader said: I have con-tacted with the industry owner but I have not got good response.

    If I do not get my money soon, I will not be able do business this year as the Eid near to the door, he said.

    Shariful Islam, publicity secretary to the association alleged that the tannery owners got bene ts from the government but they did not pay the due of the businessmen.

    Due to their negligence, the businessmen would have to su er much this year, he added.

    Akter Aziz, general secretary to the asso-ciation, said the business is going to be ham-pered seriously as the tannery owners neglect the demand of the businessmen.

    The owners should pay the due Tk15 crore to the businessmen immediately so that they can run their business, he added.

    The government should take steps to save the business, he also said. l

    A procession is brought out in Chuadanga district town yesterday, marking the National Income Tax Day DHAKA TRIBUNE

  • WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015NEWS 7

    DT

    Source: Accuweather/UNB

    D H A K ATODAY TOMORROW

    SUN SETS 6:03PM SUN RISES 5:45AM

    YESTERDAYS HIGH AND LOW

    36.4C 23.9C

    Saidpur Kutubdia

    SourceL IslamicFinder.org

    F O R E C A S T F O R T O D A YDhaka 34 26Chittagong 34 27Rajshahi 33 26Rangpur 32 26Khulna 32 26Barisal 30 27Sylhet 34 25Coxs Bazar 31 27

    PRAYER TIMESFajr 4:27am

    Sunrise 5:44amZohr 11:54am

    Asr 4:19pmMagrib 6:02pm

    Esha 7:32pm

    WEATHER

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16

    THUNDERSHOWER WITH RAIN

    Verdict on Khaledas plea in Barapukuria graft case tomorrown Tribune ReportThe High Court will issue its verdict on BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zias plea to scrap the proceedings of Barapukuria coal mine graft case tomorrow.

    The bench of Justice Md Nuruzzaman and Justice Abdur Rob xed the date yesterday morning.

    Earlier on August 30, the bench decided to wait to issue the verdict.

    The court had also extended its previous order that stayed the proceedings of the case until delivery of the verdict. On August 23, the High Court rejected two petitions led by Khaleda Zia seeking the records and nal re-port in Barapukuria corruption case.

    Khaleda led the petitions on August 18 to know the legal procedure under which the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) appointed the second investigation o cer after the rst o cer had exempted her from

    the charges in June 2008.The ACC led the case with Shahbagh po-

    lice station on February 26, 2008, accusing Khaleda and 10 of her former cabinet col-leagues of taking Tk159 crore in kickbacks on the Barapukuria coal mine deal awarded to the highest bidder, instead of the lowest one.

    In 2008, the High Court stayed the case proceedings, and in a ruling asked the gov-ernment and the ACC to explain why the case should not be dropped. l

    Busy schedule for PM at UNGAn Sheikh Shahariar ZamanPrime Minister Sheikh Hasina is going to have a hectic schedule at the 70th UN General As-sembly (UNGA) as she is expected to attend four out of ve main events and also an event sponsored by Bangladesh.

    The 70th session started o cially yester-day and would continue till October 6, ac-cording to the UNGA schedule.

    The prime minister is scheduled to leave Dhaka on September 23 for New York, said an o cial of the Foreign Ministry.

    The prime minister is expected to deliver speech at the post-2015 development agenda summit, peacekeeping summit, UNGA gener-al debate and women empowerment summit.

    The two main events at the UN are summit for the adoption of the post-2015 develop-ment agenda and the general debate at the UNGA.

    On the sidelines US President Barack Oba-ma is hosting a very important event peace-keeping summit where the prime minister is invited.

    China is hosting another important event on women empowerment and invited the prime minister and it is expected that the prime minister would give speech at all the

    four events, said a senior government o cial.The US president is also hosting another

    event on countering extremism and ISIL and invited the prime minister but Bangladesh is reluctant to make any statement as it does not want to invite any trouble to the country, he said.

    Secretary of State John Kerry hosted a sim-ilar event at the last years UNGA and State Minister for Foreign A airs Shahriar Alam attended the programme but did not say an-ything, he added.

    According to the White House website: The White House summit on countering vi-olent extremism is the rst of many events leading up to UNGA in September 2015, through which the United States and its part-ners will develop actions to counter the most immediate threats, including ISIL, and stop the spread of violent extremism.

    Ministers from nearly 70 countries, the UN secretary-general, senior o cials from other multilateral bodies, and representatives from civil society and the private sector will gather during the ministerial segments of the sum-mit to develop a comprehensive action plan against violent extremism.

    Bangladesh is going to host an event on MDG and SDG where it would display its suc-

    cess stories under MDG and how it prepares itself to face the challenges of SDG, said a For-eign Ministry o cial.

    Delegation The prime minister this year will stay at Wal-dorf-Astoria hotel instead of Grand Hyatt ho-tel where she stayed during the last six UNGA.

    We gave booking for about 70 rooms at the hotel where the core delegation and some other members will stay, the Foreign Minis-try o cial said.

    According to Indian newspaper, The Eco-nomic Times, US President Barack Obama usually stays at the prestigious hotel during UNGA session but this year he would not as the hotel was bought by a Chinese insurance rm. However, Indian Prime Minister Naren-dra Modi would stay in the hotel during the UNGA.

    The Bangladesh delegation is likely to be at least as big as the last year, the o cial said.

    Last year over 200 including 75 business-men, the biggest delegation of the whole world, went to the UNGA, he said.

    Many of the members including the busi-ness delegation bore their own costs but the government provided logistic support to them, he added. l

    Fakhruls indictment deferredn Md Sanaul Islam TipuA Dhaka court yesterday set December 30 to hold hearing on charge framing against BNP acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir and 62 others in a case lodged for vandalising and setting re to vehicles.

    Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate Lutfar Rahman Shishir set the date accepting a time petition led by Fakhruls counsel Md Sanaullah Miah.

    The lawyer said Fakhrul could not appear before the court as he was undergoing treat-ment abroad. l

    Shaukat Mahmood denied bail in 5 casesn Md Sanaul Islam TipuA Dhaka court yesterday rejected the bail pe-titions of BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zias Ad-viser Shaukat Mahmood in ve cases led on charges of conducting violence in the capital.

    Metropolitan Magistrate Md Yunus Khan passed the order after hearing on the separate bail petitions led by his counsel Md Sanaul-lah Miah.

    Three of the cases were led with Mugdha police stations and the others with Khilgaon police on charges of torching and vandalising vehicles during the BNP-led alliances block-ade and hartal in the capital in January and February this year. l

    Artistes perform at a function arranged on the occasion of National Income Tax Day at Helenabad income tax o ce in Rajshahi yesterday AZAHAR UDDIN

  • WORLD8DTWEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    Nepal to introduce constitution despite deadly protestsn AFP, KathmanduNepal will introduce a long-awaited new constitution within days, a parliament spokesman said Tuesday, despite oppo-sition from minority groups that has trig-gered deadly protests across the south of the country.

    Lawmakers have been voting since Sunday on the charter, nalised in August in a histor-ic deal between the main parties under pres-sure to work together following a devastating earthquake.

    They are expected to complete the process in the coming days.

    The main parties have enough sup-port to pass the bill with the necessary two-thirds majority. But plans to carve the country into seven provinces have angered some ethnic minorities, who say it will leave them under-represented in

    the national parliament.The protests have been most intense in

    the southern plains, where clashes between security forces and protesters have killed 39 people in recent weeks including 11 police of- cers and an 18-month-old boy.

    There has also been criticism of a clause that makes it more di cult for women to pass on Nepali citizenship to their children than it is for men.

    A formal invite has been sent to the pres-ident to announce the constitution on Sun-day, the parliament secretariat spokesman Bharat Gautam said.

    The secretariat is working rigorously to prepare for the ceremony.

    The United States and regional power India on Monday urged lawmakers to ensure there was broad support for the new constitution, which follows the abolition of the monarchy and a decade-long civil war between Maoist

    insurgents and the state.The constitution should have the broad-

    est possible support and the outcome should honour fundamental rights such as gender equality and basic freedoms, the US State Department said in a statement.

    We urge citizens to engage through peaceful, non-violent means, and call on the Nepali security forces to exercise restraint in responding to protests.

    The sentiment was echoed by Nepals own president, who wrote to the chair of the con-stituent assembly the body charged with drafting the constitution last week.

    It is important that no group or communi-ty or geographic region of the country should be left out of the constitution-writing process, President Ram Baran Yadav said in the letter on Tuesday.

    Home Ministry spokesman Laxmi Pras-ad Dhakal said security forces have been

    put on high alert before the constitution announcement.

    Lawmakers from parties representing the Tarai region in the countrys south have stayed out of the voting process.

    We have called them for talks again and again, but they have not responded positive-ly, said Bhim Rawal, senior leader of the rul-ing Nepali Congress.

    Regardless of their response, the process will not stop. Their demands can be met after the constitution is announced.

    Work on a new national constitution began after the end in 2006 of the Maoist insurgen-cy that left an estimated 16,000 people dead and brought down the 240-year-old Hindu monarchy.

    But negotiations faltered over the issue of internal borders and the resulting uncer-tainty left Nepal one of the worlds poorest countries in political limbo. l

    Pakistan intelligence sought huge data collection toolsn AFP, IslamabadPakistani intelligence sought to tap world-wide Internet tra c via underwater cables that would have given the country a digital espionage capacity to rival the US, accord-ing to a report by Privacy International.

    The report says the countrys Inter Ser-vices Intelligence (ISI) agency hired inter-mediary companies to acquire domestic spying toolkits from Western and Chinese rms for domestic surveillance.

    It also claims the ISI sought access to tap data from three of the four landing sites that pass through the countrys port city of Karachi, e ectively giving it access to Inter-net tra c worldwide.

    Pakistan was in talks with a European company in 2013 to acquire the technolo-gy but it is not clear whether the deal went

    through a fact the rights organisation said was troubling.

    These cables are going to route data through various countries and regions, Matthew Rice, an advocacy o cer for Priva-cy International, told AFP.

    Some will go from Europe to Africa and all the way to Southeast Asia. From my reading thats an explicit attempt to look at whats going on.

    Tra c from North America and regional rival India would also be routed via the ca-bles, he said.

    The report, based on what it called previ-ously unpublished con dential documents, said the data collection sought in the ISIs proposal would rival some of the worlds most powerful surveillance programmes including those of the United States and Britain.

    A spokesman for Pakistans military said he was not able to comment on the issue at the present time.

    Last month Pakistani rights campaigners and opposition lawmakers urged Islamabad to protect the privacy of its citizens after leaked top-secret documents appeared to show British intelligence had gained access to almost all the countrys Internet users.

    Pakistan is also in the process of debating its own cyber-crime bill, which rights cam-paigners say threatens to curtail freedom of expression and privacy in its current form.

    Rights groups also expressed concern over a provision that allows the government to share intelligence with foreign spy agen-cies, such as the American National Secu-rity Agency, and the mandating of service providers to retain telephone and email re-cords for up to a year. l

    Study: Technology doesnt make school pupils smartern AFP, TokyoComputers do not noticeably improve school pupils academic results and can even hamper performance, an OECD report said Tuesday that looked at the impact of technology in classrooms across the globe.

    While almost three quarters of pupils in the countries surveyed used computers at schools, the report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development found technology had made no noticeable improvement in results.

    Conversely, in high-achieving schools in parts of Asia, where smartphones and com-puters have become an integral part of peo-ples everyday lives, technology was far less prevalent in the classrooms.

    In South Korea, students used computers for an average of nine minutes at school and in Hong Kong, only 11 minutes just a frac-tion of the 58 minutes spent in Australia, 42 in Greece and 39 in Sweden.

    Where computers are used in the class-room, their impact on student performance

    is mixed at best, OECDs education director Andreas Schleicher said in a foreword to the report, the think-tanks rst on the topic.

    Students who use computers very fre-quently at school do a lot worse in most learn-ing outcomes, even after accounting for social background and student demographics.

    The report measured the impact of tech-nology use at school on international test results, such as the OECDs Pisa tests taken in dozens of countries around the world and other exams measuring digital skills.

    It found that education systems which have invested heavily in information and communications technology have seen no noticeable improvement in results for reading, mathematics or science.

    The OECD urged schools to work with teachers to turn technology into a more pow-erful tool in the classroom and develop more sophisticated software for experimentation and simulation, social media and games.

    The real contributions ICT can make to teaching and learning have yet to be fully re-alised and exploited, it concluded. l

    Revised referendum question cuts UK support for EUn Reuters, LondonThe number of Britons who would back staying in the European Union at a planned referendum has fallen after the government agreed to amend the wording of the question to be put to voters, a poll showed on Tuesday.

    Earlier this month, the government said it would change the wording of the question af-ter a recommendation from Britains elections watchdog.

    The question has now been changed to Should the United Kingdom remain a mem-ber of the European Union or leave the Euro-pean Union?

    The poll carried out on September 11-13 by pollster ICM found 43% of the 2,006 adults surveyed backed Britains continuing EU membership, while 40% would opt to leave. l

  • EU deadlocked on refugee relocationn Reuters, BrusselsEU ministers failed on Monday to break a deadlock over sharing out responsibility for sheltering some of the hundreds of thou-sands of people who have sought asylum in Europe this year, leaving the shape of a nal deal in doubt.

    Determined opposition from a core of east-ern states blocked e orts by Germany and France to secure agreement for a proposal by the EU executive to relocate 120,000 people from frontier countries according to manda-tory national quotas.

    After six hours of argument, ministers put o a decision, saying they hoped to agree on a deal to nd places for the asylum-seekers at another meeting on October 8.

    O cials said that following a nal legal endorsement of an earlier plan to relocate 40,000 people to countries that volunteer to take them, Hungary and Slovakia led resist-ance to pleas to accept a quota system for the larger new number. They argue such schemes will draw more migrants and lead to further mass movements that threaten Europes open borders system.

    We did not nd the agreement we wanted, EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avram-opoulos told reporters. O cials put a brave face on the divisions after a day in which a German decision to reimpose frontier controls with Austria to check a ow of refugees trig-gered a domino e ect that threatens Europes cherished Schengen area of open borders.

    The ministers did agree to increase man-power and resources protecting the external frontiers as well as aid to the United Nations refugee agency, Turkey and other states shel-tering millions of Syrians eeing civil war.

    Ministers also agreed to nalise soon a list of safe countries whose citizens would not normally be entitled to asylum. But in a snub to Ankara, the EU presidency said Turkey would not be classi ed as safe for now due to its current military action against Kurdish militants. l

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    CRUNCHING NUMBERS

    Five key numbers in Europes migrant crisis430,000More than 430,000 people have crossed the Med-iterranean this year, according to International Or-ganization for Migration data. UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) forecasts that 400,000 people will have crossed the Mediterranean by the end of the year and that 450,000 or more will follow in 2016.

    160,000EU Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker has proposed relocating 160,000 asylum-seekers across the 28-member union from Greece, Hun-gary and Italy and wants a permanent mechanism of binding quotas to deal with future emergencies.

    63,000Around 63,000 migrants have arrived at the main station in Munich since August 31. Neighbouring

    Austria was bracing for 10,000 people on Monday and Hungary reported a record 5,809 arrivals on Sunday.

    1,000,000Germany might take in one million refugees this year, Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel said.

    12,000,000The number of people o cially estimated to have been displaced by the con ict in Syria. That in-cludes 8m displaced within the country and 4m abroad, rst to Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey be-fore heading to Europe. An estimated 250,000 people have died in the Syrian con ict since March 2011.

    Source: AFP

    IN-DEPTH

    Conglomerate controlled by Khamenei a winner from nuke dealn Reuters, Washington, DC/BeirutThe historic nuclear deal reached between Iran and major world powers has yet to be implemented, but one clear winner has emerged: Irans highest authority, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

    Khamenei has yet to publicly back the ac-cord, which lifts some sanctions on Iran in return for limits on its nuclear programme. But he does stand to bene t, thanks to his close control of one of the most powerful and secretive organisations in Iran Setad Ejraiye Farmane Hazrate Emam, or Setad.

    The deal, which is likely to go into e ect af-ter clearing a major Congressional hurdle last week, lifts US secondary sanctions on Setad and about 40 rms it owns or has a stake in, ac-cording to a tally based on annexes to the deal.

    The delisting of Setad which has little connection to Irans nuclear programme but is close to Irans ruling elite feeds into US Republicans criticism that the deal will

    empower Irans hardliners and help fund its regional ambitions.

    Former US o cials say Setad was just one of a slew of entities sanctioned because they were considered part of the Iranian govern-ment. One former o cial said Setad was also targeted because the US saw it as close to Khamenei and believed that the sanctions might induce him to back serious nuclear negotiations.

    With stakes in nearly every sector of Irans economy, Setad built its empire on the systematic seizure of thousands of proper-ties belonging to religious minorities, busi-ness people, and Iranians living abroad, which estimated the networks holdings at about $95bn.

    Iranians who said their family properties were seized by Setad described in interviews in 2013 how men showed up and threatened to use violence if the owners didnt leave the premises at once.

    In response to ndings in 2013, a Setad

    spokesman said at the time the information presented was not correct, and did not elaborate.

    No evidence was that Khamenei is per-sonally enriched by Setads assets. But through Setad, Khamenei has access to re-sources that allow him to bypass rivals and other branches of government.

    The entities being delisted represent a signi cant portion of Setads holdings, though dozens of Setad-linked companies were never directly named by the US Treas-ury and may not have been a ected at all by the sanctions.

    The nuclear deal, reached in Vienna in July, would remove Setad from Treasurys Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list, enabling the conglomerate to open bank accounts abroad and procure nancing for partnerships.

    The secondary sanctions have barred foreign banks that wish to operate in the US-from dealing with Setad. American banks,

    companies, and individuals will still be barred from dealing with Setad, also called Eiko, under US primary sanctions.

    The conglomerate produces billions of dollars in pro ts for the Iranian regime each year, said David Cohen, then the Treasurys under secretary for terrorism and nancial intelligence, at a Senate banking committee hearing in 2013.

    A 2013 investigation found that Khame-nei exerts exclusive control over Setads economic empire. He chooses its executives and oversaw the creation of a body of legal rulings that safeguarded Setads asset acqui-sitions since its inception in 1989.

    Setads current value and its holdings in the delisted entities could not be determined, because many websites with that data have been taken down since the investigation.

    Setads holdings has some global reach too. The Setad-linked entities being removed from US secondary sanctions include rms based in South Africa and Germany. l

    Putin to keep up military support for Assadn AFP, Dushanbe, Tajikistan Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tues-day pledged to continue military support for Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad after Washington sounded the alarm over an al-leged military build-up by Moscow in the war-torn country.

    We support the government of Syria in its ght against terrorist aggression, we provide and will go on providing it with all necessary military assistance, Putin said at a regional security conference in ex-Soviet Tajikistan.

    A US military o cial said on Monday that Russia has sent artillery units and seven tanks to a Syrian air base as part of moves to boost its military presence there.

    The alleged increase of Russian hardware in Syria has caused concerns in the West about the implications of Moscow militarily helping its long-time ally Assad.

    Russia has denied it is expanding its mili-tary presence in Syria but has pledged to con-tinue support for Assad.

    Moscow has been pushing for a broader co-alition of forces to take on Islamic State (IS), but key regional players such as Saudi Arabia have ruled out ghting alongside Assad.

    Putin said that Assad was willing to work with Syrias healthy opposition to nd a political solution to the four-and-a-half year civil war but insisted that tackling IS was the priority.

    Undoubtedly the need to unite forces in the ght against terror comes to the forefront today, Putin said.

    The Kremlin strongman blasted critics of Moscows support for the legitimate Syrian authorities and said the current migrant cri-sis rocking Europe would be even more dire if Russia had not backed Assad.

    If Russia had not supported Syria the sit-uation in the country would be even worse than in Libya and the ow of refugees would be even greater, he said.

    Syrias con ict spiralled into a multi-front civil war that has left more than 240,000 peo-ple dead. l

    31,443 24,031 14,93110,500 9,287 7,2146,752 4,646

    4,564 4,469 3,640 3,074 2,978 2,398

    2,047 1,705

    1,3691,364 1,309

    1,300 1,100

    1,100 7920

    Britain, Irelandand Denmark haveopted-out of EuropeanUnion asylum policy

    11 9.5 5.410.6 10.48.4

    Quotas accepted, involving 32,256 migrants (July 2015) Country population (in millions)Proposed new quotas for 120,000 migrants (Sept 2015)

    Belgium Sweden Austria Portugal Czech Rep. Finland

    Sharing out Europes incoming migrants

    Sources: E. Commission. Eurostat

    Germany80.2

    80.2

    46.8 16.7 20.164.9RomaniaFrance Spain Poland

    38Netherlands

    These 12 countries account for 94%of new migrants to be shared out

    WORLD 9DT

  • WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015WORLD10DT

    INSIGHT

    N Irelands crisis lifts lid on deep distrustn Reuters, BelfastWhen IRA-linked gunmen turned their fire on one other this summer they triggered a political crisis in Northern Irelands fragile government of pro-British unionists and republicans working for a united Ireland.

    They also revealed an uncomfortable truth: 17 years after a US-brokered truce to end three decades of sectarian vio-lence, the province remains riven with old enmities.

    The immediate cause of this particular crisis was the mur-der of a former Irish Republican Army member, Kevin McGui-gan, outside his Belfast home last month. Police say the killing was revenge for the murder of another former IRA member, Jock Davison, in May over a feud that went back decades.

    Police said the murders were evidence that the IRA, that fought for independence from Britain and was supposedly disarmed under the terms of the 1998 Good Friday peace agreement, continues to operate in the criminal underworld.

    Nor does it operate alone, security sources, police and poli-ticians said. Some members of the armed groups on both sides of the con ict are thriving, their focus now on racketeering.

    The new generation of armed groups may be much small-er and less sophisticated than the military-style structures that were involved in the deaths of 3,600 people during the so-called Troubles, these sources said, but they continue to exacerbate the religious tensions while pro ting from crime.

    Veterans of Northern Irelands war warn that if the politi-cians fail to get a grip of the situation, the segregation along sectarian lines that still exists in many parts of the province can only get worse, exploited by these groups.

    One of those brie y arrested in relation to the McGuigan killing was Bobby Storey, a senior member of the Sinn Fein party that was once the political arm of the IRA. Storey, who was released without charge, said there was no basis for his ar-rest and those behind the murder were enemies of Sinn Feins embrace of peace. The police declined further comment.

    Sinn Fein, part of Northern Irelands power sharing govern-ment, says the IRA has left the stage. The polices assertion that the IRA still exists, however, drove the pro-British Un-ionists to withdraw most of its ministers from government, bringing it to the brink of collapse.

    Tear down this wallWhile life has changed for many in bustling central Belfast, parts of Northern Ireland remain divided. The divide is felt strongest in the working class areas of Belfast where there is little integra-tion and little obvious economic bene t from the peace.

    While a multi-million pound make-over draws tourists to the capital Belfast, to the docks where the Titanic was built and to the areas rolling green hills, the sprawling low-rise Bel-fast estates still carry the scars of the con ict.

    To be sure, the end of what amounted to a war is enormous progress. Cross-community initiatives have taken o . There is a level of integration that would have been unthinkable in the past.

    As a result, Peter Shirlow, director of Irish studies at the University of Liverpool, said Northern Ireland was now a very di erent place to the one that gave rise to sectarian violence in the late 1960s.

    No surrenderJude Whyte, a peace campaigner who lost his mother in a pro British bombing in 1984, said many people in Belfast still lived parallel lives, with separate social lives, separate education systems and separate sports - a modern day apartheid.

    Society is anything but normal here, Whyte told BBC Radio. (We have) walls that divide white English speaking Christians from each other. You could live your whole life in Belfast and never meet a Protestant, ever.

    They do say tall walls make good neighbours, said Jake, referring to the peace walls that were meant to be erected as temporary structures in 1969 but instead multiplied.

    It would be premature to remove them. l

  • 11DTEDITORIAL

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    INSIDE

    Over 1.4 million government employees will be receiving increases in basic salaries of between 91% to 101% in the coming year.We agree with the national pay commission that a salary increase is warranted, but think it is long overdue to start taking a more systematic approach to revising pay rates for public servants.

    Ad-hoc pay awards create uncertainty and bring in ation risks. This months award is estimated to see the proportion of the national budget taken by pay rising from 17.7% last year to over 20.1%.

    While in ation is steadying, it has averaged over 7% during the six and half years since the last such pay commission award, meaning that it only belatedly acknowledges large rises in the cost of living and the bene ts to sta of this increase, will soon start eroding.

    It is in the interests of both the tax-payer and public servants, for the government to take a more systematic approach.

    A better policy would be for the commission to review salary rates at least every two years and to adopt a formula linking salary increases to changes in in ation and to improvements in productivity and revenue gains.

    A rational evidence-based approach would also bring the bene t of providing certainty and improving planning for future budgets.

    In the longer term, it will also make it easier for the government to move towards a system that enables public servants to be paid wages which are at least comparable to, if not competitive with, the private sector.

    Such a move would help to start countering the criminally extortionate mind-set which embeds corruption in many government posts as a way of mitigating low wages. Better-paid sta are more motivated in performing their jobs well and in working to root out corruption.

    Implementing such an approach to civil servant salaries has been shown to work very well in countries such as Singapore. If we are to emulate this here, the government also needs to take a more rational approach to managing is resources.

    Cutting costly energy subsidies, divesting chronically loss-making state enterprises, and bringing in new taxes on fossil fuel emissions would all go a long way to freeing up resources.

    This would allow the government to pay, recruit, and retain higher quality civil servants and begin to root out corruption and poor quality in public services, once and for all.

    A better policy would be regular reviews that take account of in ation and link rises to improvements in productivity and revenue gains

    Take a systematic approach to public servant pay

    Microsofts wake-up call on software piracy

    Rise of the farm chickensApart from that single occasion in Rampura where police red rubber bullets on East West University students, the protesters have always listened to the polices requests, and hence, there has not been a single incident of students colliding with law enforcers

    Be heardWrite to Dhaka Tribune

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    PAGE 13

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    The trouble with traditional schoolingIt is problematic to see that a good number of students are not necessarily going to schools or universities solely for learning, but what seems to be a greater priority is certi cation. It is hoped that this certi cation will result in jobs or in further learning opportunities

    Because software piracy has been so common in Bangladesh for so long, the average computer user might be forgiven for thinking that Microsoft Windows and MS O ce are free products which come automatically installed in their new computer hardware

    BIG

    STO

    CK

  • OPINION12DTWEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    n Mohammad Al-Masum Molla

    When was the last time we saw a group of people demonstrating peacefully in Bangladesh in the true sense of the word? When was the last time we saw any

    movement -- political or not -- without a few broken wind-screens or some burning tires or tear gases or water canons?

    The students of private universities are often referred to as farm chickens for their comparitively elite lifestyle and the fact that they are not in touch with real working class problems.

    In the last few years, we have seen that political parties -- who, on paper, should have the organisational strength, manpower,

    and ideological integrity to stage peaceful demos to press home demands of national interest -- indiscriminately burn people to death on the streets in the most undemocratic of ways for what they claim as movements for restoring democracy.

    We have also seen how, over a period of just a little more than a couple of decades, student politics have become one of the most hated phrases in Bangladesh from being one of the biggest driving forces behind virtually every political and social movement in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s.

    This has happened solely because the members of these student groups -- who on paper, should just be a shadow and, at best, supporters, of the mainstream political parties -- have turned into the most ferocious of criminals, killers, rapists, kidnappers, tender manipulators, and what not, thanks to the senior front-line political leadership that has been using the students to serve their own petty interests.

    Students of private universities in and outside Dhaka, have been on the streets for several months. Their movement intensi ed after the government announced a 7.5% VAT on their tuition and other fees in June.

    They were in a similar movement once before in 2010, against a similar imposition of an indirect tax. At that time, the government had to back-track in the face of peaceful protests.

    This year, however, the government was adamant about imposing the tax, and as a result, the protests have also been much

    more intense than how they were ve years ago.

    But, in these nearly four months of street protests, there has not been a single report of a car wind-screen being broken or tyres set on re by the protesters. Apart from that single occasion in Rampura where police red rubber bullets on East West University students, the protesters have always listened to the polices requests, and hence, there has not been a single incident of students colliding with law enforcers.

    Yes, they have blockaded roads and chanted slogans and waved placards to bring the capital city to a stand-still.

    They had easy prey on silver platters -- vehicles standing static in tra c tailbacks caused by their protests -- but they were left untouched.

    They might be young, but unlike the political leaders, who are grown-ups, they have had the good sense to understand that vandalising cars or burning tyres could not be a way of pressing home their demands.

    There is no Chhatra League, Chhatra Dal, or Chhatra Union in the private universities.

    Yes, it is true, to some extent, that the students with the best secondary and higher secondary results prefer public universities over the private ones. It is also true to some extent, that most of the best teachers in the country are still a liated in a full-time capacity with public universities. There are also allegations that some private universities sell certi cates.

    Then again, the academic structuring is such that the students of these private universities -- with mandatory attendance, a series of compulsory in-course tests, and, of course, the high tuition fees -- hardly have the luxury of choosing to stay out of classrooms to save the country.

    There is a perception that the best students go to public universities, but the biggest irony is that the academic structures in these educational institutions are loose, which means that students can choose not to attend classes and still sit in on exams and come out with certi cates. This surely is not selling certi cates, but I do not know how else to describe this.

    There is no denying the fact that Chhatra League, Chhatra Dal, and Chhatra Union -- the three leading student political groups in the country -- have historically played crucial roles in national movements and bred some of the most iconic gures in the countrys politics.

    But it can now be said with certainty that those days are gone. Nowadays, they only produce narrow-minded political strongmen with no patriotism and with the skill to stoop to unimaginable depths when it comes to corruption.

    The private university students -- the so-called farm chickens -- have just proven, beyond doubt, that, what we have come to know as student politics, is good for nothing and should therefore be abolished. l

    Mohammad Al-Masum Molla is a political reporter at the Dhaka Tribune

    Rise of the farm chickensPrivate university students have shown us that they can make a di erence

    Apart from that single occasion in Rampura where police red rubber bullets on East West University students, the protesters have always listened to the polices requests, and hence, there has not been a single incident of students colliding with law enforcers

    With peaceful protests, these students have shown us that they should not be underestimated MAHMUD HOSSAIN OPU

  • OPINION 13DT

    WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    n Shakil AhmedIt should be obvious that, even with schools of equal quality, a poor child can seldom catch up with a rich one. Even if they attend equal schools and begin at the same age, poor children lack most of the educational opportunities which are casually available to the middle-class child ... So, the poorer student will generally fall behind so long as he depends on school for advancement or learning.

    -- Ivan Illich, Deschooling Society

    Now, allow me to share some thoughts that are open for discussion. It is problematic to see that a good number of students are not necessarily going to schools or universities solely for learning, but what seems to be a greater priority is to get certi cation. It is hoped, by the students and their families, that this certi cation will result in jobs or in further learning opportunities.

    However, this is where private companies/job-providing institutions and other

    educational institutions can come in. If private companies played a part in decreasing the emphasis on certi cation and increasing the emphasis on certain experiences that they want students to have -- if need be, a whole checklist of experiences -- then this whole need to go to schools and universities for the sole sake of certi cation will decrease as well.

    Private companies, for example, could have a checklist of:l I want employees to be able to communicate uently in these languagesl I want employees to be able to code a programl I want employees to be able to analyse this data and create an an infographic that summarises the analysisl I want employees to be able to organise eventsl I want employees to be able to write a report

    These checklists could be generated by individual companies or by crowd-sourcing ideas from the industry. Upon grasping an understanding of such a list, students can gure out di erent ways in which they can prove that they have these skills, and not just through certi cation from schools and universities. Students can work towards ensuring that they have these experiences outside the realm of schools and universities.

    Private companies should come forth and be open to accepting other means of being able to prove these skills. If need be, private companies should list out what these other acceptable means are, and, if possible, even provide these means for potential employees to display their skills.

    However, in such a platform, private companies should be open to understanding that, at the end of the day, the ability of the employee matters and not really which space which he or she spent time and money in,

    where it may very well be the case that the space, ie the school or university, did not provide the quality education that it was supposed to provide.

    Technology has enabled us to learn in more than one way, so that students no longer need to waste time and money in spaces that are proving themselves dismal in providing quality education. There are multiple virtual spaces online, massive open online courses (MOOCs), programming platforms, language platforms, etc, which can enable one to acquire technical and non-technical information, while also acquiring new skills. In comparison, the usage of technology would probably be cheaper than spending money on what is claimed to be an education.

    However, having mentioned what has been said above, I do believe that one needs space and human interaction even if they are using technology, and this is where the need to preserve and maintain certain types of public spaces is important. In order to access a virtual space, people still require physical spaces. People who can a ord it have access to such physical spaces which are conducive to learning and collaboration, such as co ee shops and private spaces.

    However, if both public and private entities can contribute to provide these spaces that are conducive to learning and collaboration as public spaces in the city, then I believe we will see a di erence in how the citizens of our city go about learning and developing. Now, how these spaces can be conceptualised and strategically created is still up for discussion, hopefully not in the distant future. l

    Shakil Ahmed is an Educational Researcher at the Institute of Educational Development, BRAC University and Strategic Manager at the new BRAC Nobodhara Schools.

    The trouble with traditional schoolingIs certi cation from schools and universities the only way to prove oneself?

    It is problematic to see that a good number of students are not necessarily going to schools or universities solely for learning, but what seems to be a greater priority is certi cation. It is hoped that this certi cation will result in jobs or in further learning opportunities

    Technology has given us many new avenues to receive an education BIGSTOCK

  • OPINION14DTWEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    n Zeeshan Hasan

    According to Dhaka Tribune and other media reports, on September 10, police raided the o ces of Flora, one of the largest Bangladeshi computer retailers, and arrested a senior ex-ecutive there on charges of pirating Microsoft software. In fact, this was inevitable.

    Not just Flora, but most companies all

    over Bangladesh have been accustomed to running pirated software for decades. However, recently, a number of signi cant changes have happened which have altered the governments long-standing tolerance of software piracy.

    Firstly, Bangladesh has signed TICFA (Trade and Investment Co-operation Frame-work Agreement) with the US government. This agreement gives US companies like Microsoft con dence that they can pursue copyright violations even in di cult legal environments like Bangladesh, as TICFA em-powers the US government to lobby in favour of their Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) with the local government.

    Secondly, Bangladesh has been widely reported to have graduated from the ranks of low-income countries and to become a middle-income country. This development sends signals to multi-national companies around the world that software piracy and other copyright/intellectual property viola-tions in the Bangladesh market are no longer insigni cant in value.

    Since all multi-national companies are ultimately driven by pro t, the increasing value of the Bangladeshi market is harder for

    them to ignore. If legal cases and police ac-tion against companies who pirate software seem like they will increase pro ts, then those will become more common options. The government has obviously realised that TICFA gives it no option but to treat software piracy as a crime.

    Because software piracy has been so com-mon in Bangladesh for so long, the average computer user might be forgiven for thinking that Microsoft Windows and MS O ce are free products which come automatically installed in their new computer hardware. However, prosecution of hardware vendors like Flora will quickly alter this scenario. Especially in the case of large companies with hundreds of computers, which present a potentially lucrative target in terms of soft-ware license fees, police action, and arrests suddenly seem more likely.

    On the other hand, it is unlikely that the senior executive of any large company will be willing to risk arrest for the sake of pirated software. Soon, local companies will have to pay the real price for Microsoft software. For MS Windows, this cost is about Tk14,000 per PC; for MS O ce, the additional cost is Tk26,000 per PC. So the total cost of pirated software per PC is about Tk40,000 ($500), which is more than the cost of typical PC hardware. This represents a big cost to Ban-gladesh companies and consumers.

    Fortunately, there is another option. Over the last two decades, the computing world has seen the emergence of free/open-source software which can replace the standard proprietary Microsoft products at zero cost. At Kazi Farms Group, 700 PCs have been running since 2010 on the free Linux operat-ing system, which generally comes with the LibreO ce o ce suite (compatible with MS O ce les), the Firefox web browser, and the Thunderbird email client.

    These are almost perfect replacements for their Microsoft equivalents, and can all be downloaded for free (from www.ubuntu.com or www.linuxmint.com, for example). In 2014, the same change was made in over 100 journalist PCs in Dhaka Tribune. Replacement of pirated software by free/open-source equivalents has e ectively saved Kazi Farms Group and Dhaka Tribune from any worry of potential future piracy raids and arrests. It has also saved a total of 800 x 40,000 = Tk3.2cr ($400,000) in software license fees.

    The same savings and legal safety a orded by free/open-source software like Linux and LibreO ce can be availed by other Bangla-deshi companies and organisations. Typi-cally, most people dont know about free/open-source software as no one publicises it (unlike proprietary products, which are continuously advertising). With the threat of software piracy-related lawsuits and arrests looming, knowledge is de nitely power. l

    Zeeshan Hasan is a director of Kazi Farms Group (www.kazifarms.com), Dhaka Tribune, and Sysnova IT (www.sysnova.com). His articles on religion are at www.liberalislam.net and his global warming blog is at www.goodbyebangladesh.blogspot.com.

    Microsofts wake-up call on software piracyWith piracy-related lawsuits becoming a looming possibility, open-source software seems to be the answer

    Because software piracy has been so common in Bangladesh for so long, the average computer user might be forgiven for thinking that Microsoft Windows and MS O ce are free products which come automatically installed in their new computer hardware. However, prosecution of hardware vendors like Flora will quickly alter this scenario

    Linux and LibreO ce are almost perfect substitutes for Windows and MS O ce BIGSTOCK

  • 15DTBusiness WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2015

    Asian shares struggle, BOJ holds steady17

    Stocks modest move continues19

    China steps on the gas to spark economy16

    RMG makers asked to pay Eid bonus by September 20

    20

    SIMs to be blocked unless registered in 7 days of SMS noti cationn Ishtiaq Husain If any user fails to re-register their mobile phone SIM cards in seven days of receiving a text message from operators concerned, they will face permanent blocking of their SIMs, according to a new directive by telecommuni-cations division.

    As per the directive, the SIMs found regis-tered with fake NID would also be blocked.

    If anyone has more than one SIMs, all of them must be registered separately with the respective operators.

    The operators will keep database of distrib-utors and retailers so the regulator can con-duct additional veri cation of the documents submitted.

    Besides, all operators must launch a cam-paign programme to raise awareness about SIM re-registration among the subscribers.

    Ekram Kabir, vice president of Robi Axiata Ltd, said they were working in line with the government directives.

    To expedite the SIM re-registration pro-gramme, mobile operators have started send-ing their clients data to the Election Com-mission as part of the governments plan to prepare a subscribers database to rein in mo-bile phone crimes.

    The Election Commission approved the signing of agreement with all mobile opera-tors to provide them with NID access to make sure that their SIMs have been duly registered.

    According to the latest BTRC statistics, there are 128.7m active mobile phone sub-scribers in Bangladesh. To get NID access each mobile operator will have to pay TK5 lakh as fees.

    The EC secretary said Banglalink, Airtel and Citycell already applied for NID access to check out their SIMs.

    The decision about the SIM re-registration was made on September 6 at a meeting of the telecommunication division with BTRC, BTCL, state-owned operator Teletalk and se-curity agencies. l

    Muhith: 2% people to be brought under tax net by 2020n Tribune ReportFinance Minister AMA Muhith has hoped that the total number of the taxpayers will be in-creased to 40 lakh, which is 2% of the total population, by scal year 2019-20.

    The minister expressed his optimism while addressing a ceremony organised in recog-nition of the contributions of the countrys highest and long-time taxpayers in the capital yesterday.

    To mark the National Income Tax Day, the National Board of Revenue (NBR) organised the programme at a city hotel with its chair-man Nojibur Rahman in the chair.

    Speaking as chief guest, Muhith said, Cur-rently, only 11 lakh, out of 16 crore people, pay their due taxes, which is less than 1%. Its a shame for us being a nation and weve to come out of the miserable state.

    To come out from the prevailing situa-tion, we have set a target and I hope the num-ber of the total taxpayers will be 40 lakh or 2% of the total population by FY2019-20, said the minister.

    Although its a big challenge and am


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