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2012 Green Innovation Index

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    Next 10 is aN iNdepeNdeNt NoNpartisaN orgaNizatioN that educates, eNgages aNd empowers

    califorNiaNs to improve the states future.

    Next 10 was fouNded iN 2003 by busiNessmaN aNd philaNthropist f. Noel perry. Next 10 is focused

    oN iNNovatioN aNd the iNtersectioN betweeN the ecoNomy, the eNviroNmeNt, aNd quality of life

    issues for all califorNiaNs. we provide critical data to help iNform the states efforts to

    grow the ecoNomy aNd reduce global warmiNg emissioNs.

    siNce 2008, Next 10 has published the califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. the iNdex tracks

    califorNias progress iN reduciNg greeNhouse gas emissioNs, implemeNtiNg iNNovative public

    policy, geNeratiNg techNological aNd busiNess iNNovatioN, aNd growiNg busiNesses aNd jobs

    that eNable the traNsformatioN to a more resource-efficieNt ecoNomy.

    for more iNformatioN about the califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex, please visit us oNliNe at

    www.Next10.org.

    prepared by: collaborative ecoNomics

    Dog Henton Tany Fe Jesse OettngeJohn Meve As Hatynyan Cae BownTacey Gose Amy Kshma

    Gabee Hate Km Hed

    produced by:Next 10

    F. Noe PeySaah HenyMaca E. Pey

    desigNed by: cheN desigN associates

    cover photo by: Neil kremer

    califoAVERAGE ANNUAL

    GROWTH RATE

    201137.6 MILLION

    1990 2011 1.6%

    POPULATION

    1 .

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    rNia

    RATIO OF GHG EMISSIONS

    (METRIC TONS) TO GDP ($10,000)

    1990 3.26

    20092.36

    CALIFORNIASCARBON ECONOMY1.9%AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH 1990 2011

    0.8%AVERAGE ANNUALGROWTH 1990 2011

    2011$1.97TRILLION

    2011 $52,500PER CAPITA GDP

    GROSSDOMESTICPRODUCT

    (INFLATION ADJUSTED DOLLARS 2011)

    Gross Domestic Product (GDP)is a way of measuring the size

    of an economy, and is calculatedby summing the value added from

    all industries in the economy.This measure can be used for acountry as well as a state, in

    which case it can also beexpressed as Gross StateProduct (GSP).

    Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32) was signed intoCalifornia law in 2006. AB 32 has putCalifornia at the forefront of climate

    change policy by requiring thestate to reduce its greenhouse

    gas (GHG) emissions to1990 levels by 2020.

    ASSEMBLYBILL 32

    THE CALIFORNIA GLOBALWARMING SOLUTIONS ACT OF 2006

    TOTAL GHG EMISSIONS

    2020427

    AB 32TARGETS

    200912.35

    PER CAPITA

    GHG EMISSIONS

    0.3% AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH19902009

    (MILLION METRIC TONSOF CO2 EQUIVALENT)

    (MILLION METRIC TONSOF CO2 EQUIVALENT)

    (MILLION METRIC TONSOF CO2 EQUIVALENT)

    20094571990 427

    TOTAL GHGEMISSIONS

    Gross GHG emissions includesfossil fuel carbon dioxide (CO2),

    with electric imports andinternational fuels (carbon

    dioxide only) and non-carbonGHG emissions (in CO2

    equivalents).

    CALIFORNIASGREENHOUSE

    GAS EMISSIONS

    1. Data Source: Californ ia Department of F inance2. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board , Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector and Activ ity; Moodys Economy.com

    3. Inf lat ion ad justed dollars (2011). Data Sources: Bureau of Economic Analys is; C aliforn ia Department of F inance4. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board , Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector and Activ ity; Californ ia Department of F inance

    2.

    4.

    3.

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    Dear Friends,

    We are pleased to release the fourth edition of the Cali fornia Green Innovation Index, which

    tracks the economic impacts of polic ies that reduce state carbon emissions. Since 2008, we have

    analyzed key indicators including greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic growth, energy

    productivity, venture capital investment, and patent activity in c lean technology. Our ndings show

    that Californias economy is gradually transitioning away from ca rbon-based energy toward a more

    energy productive future.

    top fiNdiNgs of the 2012 IndexiNclude:

    Clean technology investment and innovation are driving growth in Californ ias overall economy:

    California attracted $3.5 billion of cleantech investment in 2011, representing 25 percent of total VC

    investment in the nation.

    California ranks rst in the nation in green technology patents registrations, accruing 910 patents

    between 2008 and 2010.

    Growth in Cal ifornias renewable energy portfolio and energy productivit y continues to outpace

    the rest of the nation:

    Californias energy generation from renewable sources increased 11.2 percent from 2009 to 2010,

    representing 13.7 percent of total energy production in the state. This increase was dr iven by

    a 44 percent jump in wind generation capacity.

    Californias dependency on carbon is shrinking:

    Since 1990 Californias per capita GDP expanded 16 percent while GHG emissions per capita fell

    16 percent.

    For every dollar of GDP generated in 2009, California required 28 percent less carbon than in 1990.

    This years special feature examines the states solar sector, which is seeing major growth and

    development. We examine trend lines of cost, venture capital investment, patent registrations a nd

    market penetration. California recently surpassed 1,000 megawatts of solar energy capacity, putting

    our state in the company of top solar-adopting countries.

    Californias ability to foster and develop new ideas, markets and technology is unique. The purpose ofthe California Green Innovation Index is to document the impacts of Californias efforts to transition to

    a low carbon economy in order to understand what works and what doesnt in driving innovation.

    Sincerely,

    F. Noel Perry

    Founder, Next 10

    2 i N T r O D u C T i O N

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    Index At A Glance 4

    Californias Past and Future 6

    Heritage of Technological and Social Innovation 6

    California Policy Timeline 7

    Dashboard Indicators 14

    Green Technology Innovation 15

    The Carbon Economy 26

    Energy Efciency 33

    Renewable Energy 37

    Transportation 44

    Feature: Shedding Light on Californias Growing Solar Industry 48

    Endnotes 62

    Appendix 63

    C o n t e n t s

    3C O N TE N TS

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    InDeX At A GL AnCe

    eNergy efficieNcy: as a resultof eNergy efficieNcy policies eNacted siNce

    the 1970s, califorNias eNergy productivity

    coNtiNues to rise. this meaNs that wheN

    busiNessses aNd households save moNey oN

    eNergy, they have extra moNey to speNd oN

    capital upgrades or New employees. across

    all sectors, vast opportuNities exist for New

    efficieNcy gaiNs.

    greeN techNology iNNovatioN: eveN duriNg the ecoNomic dowNturN, iNvestmeNtcoNtiNues iN cleaN techNology, New techNologies emerge, aNd adoptioN rates climb.

    CLEANTECH VC _PAGE 15

    Over the last decade, investment in cleantech has grown as a percentage oftotal venture capital (VC) investment in the state. In 2011, 25 percent ofstatewide VC investment was awarded to cleantech companies, up from fourpercent in 2005.

    3 0 %

    2 0 %

    1 0 %

    0 %

    1 9 9 9 2 0 1 12 0 0 5

    %O

    FTOTALCAVC

    RENEWABLES _PAGE 37

    Increasing three percent since 2008, 13.7 percent of Californias energy wasgenerated by renewable sources in 2010. Nationally, renewable sourcesrepresented 4.1 percent of total energy generation.

    15%

    0%

    2002 201 0

    1 3 . 7%

    4 . 1%

    %O

    FE

    NERGYGENERATION

    FRO

    M

    RENEWABLES

    CALIFORNIA

    REST OF THE U.S.

    SOLAR CAPACITY _PAGE 42

    New solar installations increased by 21 percent in 2011, representing aneight-fold increase since 2007. Solar patents have nearly doubled in the pasttwo decades, contributing to the innovation and growth of the solar industry.

    4 0 0 , 0 0 0

    2 0 0 7 20 0 8 20 0 9 2 0 1 12 0 1 0

    KILOWATTS

    INSTALLED

    2 0 0 , 0 0 0

    1 0 0 , 0 0 0

    3 0 0 , 0 0 0

    0

    GREEN T ECHNOLOGY PATENTS _PAGE 19CA % OF U.S. PATENTS, 2008-2010

    California accounts for a large and growing percentage of national greenpatent activity and the largest percent of registered patents in the nationfor solar, water, energy infrastructure, and battery technologies. Forty-onepercent of Solar Energy patents in the U.S. are registered in California.

    HYDRO POWER

    GEOTHERMAL ENERGY

    HYBRID SYSTEMS

    ENERGY INFRASTRUCTUREWATER

    WIND ENERGY

    FUEL CELLS

    BATTERIES

    SOLAR ENERGY

    0 % 1 0 % 2 0 % 3 0 % 4 0 % 5 0 %

    ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY _PAGE 33

    Energy productivity, measured as the ratio of energy consumed (inputs) toGDP (economic output), is 64 percent higher in California than in the nation

    as a whole. Californias rising energy productivity since 1990 has outpacedthat of the rest of the country.

    250

    200

    150

    50

    100

    0

    2009

    CALIFORNIA

    REST OF THE U.S.

    GDP/BTU

    1990

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    the 2012 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex preseNts a series of dashboard iNdicators

    that track chaNges over time aNd a feature oN the solar iNdustry iN califorNia. the iNdex

    at a glaNce highlights key areas preseNted iN this report.

    the carboN ecoNomy: califorNias ecoNomy is reduciNg its reliaNce oN carboN as totalemissioNs begiN to level off aNd per capita emissioNs drop.

    On a per-capita basis, Californians have been consuming less energy overthe long term. Energy consumption per capita is 24 percent below 1970

    levels. Nationally, per capita consumption dropped below 1970 levels in2009 for the first time since the recession of the 1980s.

    1 2 0

    1 1 0

    1 0 0

    90

    7 0

    8 0CALIFORNIA PER CAPITA

    REST OF U.S. PER CAPITA

    INDEXED

    TO

    1970

    (100

    =

    1970

    VALUES)

    1 9 7 0 2 0 0 01 9 9 0

    ENERGY CONSUMPTION _PAGE 34TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION RELATIVE TO 1970

    1 9 8 0 2 0 0 9

    GHG EMISSIONS _PAGE 31

    Californias gross annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2009 werefive percent higher than 1990. After leveling off following 2001, GHGemissions fell six percent between 2008 and 2009 in part as a result ofthe economic slowdown.

    6 0 0

    4 0 0

    2 0 0

    0

    1 9 9 0 2 0 0 9

    MMT

    C02

    E

    CARBON ECONOMY _PAGE 28

    For every dollar of GDP generated in 2009, California required 28 percentless carbon than in 1990.

    4

    3

    2

    1

    0

    2009

    CARBON FREE = 0

    GHG/GDP

    1990

    Although falling in 2009, per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was16 percent above 199 0 levels in 2009. Conversely, relative to 1990 levels,per capita GHG emissions have fallen 16 percent.

    130

    120

    110

    100

    80

    90

    GROSS GHG EMISSIONS PER CAPITA

    GDP PER CAPITA

    100

    =

    1990

    GDP & EMISSIONS _PAGE 27

    20091990

    perceNt chaNge 2007-2009

    VMT P er CaP i T a -3%

    SurfaCe TranSPorTaTion GHG eMiSSionS Per CaPiTa -9%

    vmt & emissioNs _page 44

    Both vehce mes taveed (VMT) pe capta and sace tanspotatonemssons pe capta have decned. Fom 2007 to 2009, VMT pe captadopped by thee pecent, whe sace emssons e by nne pecent.

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    califorNia policy timeliNe

    innovatve envonmenta pocy has been a conestone

    o Caonas hstoy snce the estabshment o the los

    Angees A Poton Conto Dstct n 1947, the fst

    n the naton. Eght yeas ate the omaton, the naton

    passed the Natona A Poton Conto Act.

    Caonas poneeng egsatve hstoy has contned to

    deveop ove the decades, adaptng to and addessng new

    chaenges aong the way. As a est o the 1973 OPEC O

    Embago and the ensng enegy css, the state adopted

    enegy efcency eoms and estabshed the CaonaEnegy Commsson (CEC) n 1974 to edce o dependency

    and ceate enewabe enegy poces to esove Caonas

    enegy shotage. Caona has contned to be a natona

    eade n envonmenta egsaton wth the ceaton o

    appance and n the ate 1970s, the emova o fnanca

    baes to ttes and enegy efcency nvestments n the

    eay 1980s, and n 2009 the Envonmenta Potecton

    Agency (EPA) ganted Caonas eqest to set ts own

    ato tappe standads. Nmeos states have modeed the

    poces ate those ceated and tested fst n Caona.

    in ecent yeas, Caona has been aced wth baoonng gas

    pces, nceasng theats eated to cmate change as we

    as the ngeng eects o the economc ecesson. These

    eates have motvated ctzens and pocymakes to contne

    to ook o nnovatve sotons that ae both economcay

    vabe and envonmentay sstanabe.

    recent pocy nnovatons and othe mestones ncde

    the oowng:

    Caliornias cap-and-trade program cleared its

    last regulatory hurdle n Decembe 2011, gettng the

    geen ght om the states Ofce o Admnstatve law.The A Boad appoved the fna egatoy package n

    Octobe oowng addtona cean-p emakng actvty

    thoghot the yea. The pogam s set to begn actonng

    emsson aowances n Novembe 2012 beoe compance

    obgatons begn n 2013.

    Caliornias Renewables Portolio Standard Program

    (SB 2) was ofcay etended n Ap 2011 by Goveno

    Jey Bown. Ths egsaton nceases the pecentage o

    powe geneaton om enewabe soces om 20 pecent

    to 33 pecent by 2020 and oows an Eectve Ode ssed

    by Goveno Anod Schwazenegge n Novembe 2008.

    1947

    1955

    1959

    1963 1965

    1967

    1970 1973 1975

    1974

    1976

    1977

    National Air PollutionControl Act Clean Air Act

    National Emissions

    Standards ActMotor Vehicle AirPollution Control Act

    Air Quality Act

    Environmental

    Protection Agencycreated by PresidentialExecutive Order

    OPEC OilEmbargo

    Lawrence BerkeleyLaboratorys Centerfor Building Scienceestablished

    Congress enacts the CAFE(Corporate Average FuelEconomy) regulations toimprove average fueleconomy of cars andlight trucks in the U.S.

    Clean Water Act

    Statistical model illustratingenergy-savings potential

    through building efficiencyreleased to public to becomebasis for building standards

    California MotorVehicle Pollution Control

    Board created to testautomobile emissionsand set standards

    California Air ResourcesBoard established

    CA EnergyCommission

    created

    Efciency standardsor appliances

    (Title 20)

    Los Angeles AirPollution Control

    District created

    CA

    US

    First in U.S.

    Historical event

    Policies implemented by other states

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    Energy Upgrade Caliornia was anched n Mach

    2011 by a coaboaton o the CEC, the Caona Pbc

    uttes Commsson (CPuC), ttes, oca govenments,

    non-govenmenta oganzatons and the pvate secto

    to pomote and fnance enegy efcency and enewabe

    enegy pojects n the state. Wth $1.2 bon n eveaged

    nds, the pogam oes nmeos consme esoces

    ncdng tty ncentves, oca ebates, esdenta and

    commeca fnancng optons, and schoashps and

    tanng pogams o contactos. A vesate web pota

    was cated to nk enegy efcency pgades, ebates

    and ncentve pogams oeed thoghot the state.

    The Caliornia Public Utilities Commission approves

    Renewable Auction Mechanism program in December

    2010, eqng the states thee agest nvesto-owned

    ttes (iOus) to coectvey poce 1,000-megawatts o

    powe om soa pojects and enewabe enegy pojects.

    Each iOu mst pchase powe om enewabe dstbted

    geneaton pojects (capacty beow 20-megawatts)

    thogh sem-anna evese actons. Ths two yea

    pogam w epand the states enewabe enegy maket

    by pomotng competton, oweng costs o atepayes,and w hep iOus meet the nceased rPS standads. The

    fst acton took pace n Novembe 2011 and the second

    s scheded o May 2012.

    With the passage o the green tech sales tax

    exemption (SB 71), a cean technoogy manactng

    eqpment n Caona s eempt om saes ta. As pat

    o Goveno Schwazenegges Caona Jobs intatve,

    ths aw was passed to hep epand the states cean

    tech ndsty, ncease the nmbe o geen jobs and

    bsnesses n Caona and contne to gow the states

    Idaho Public UtilitiesCommission orders removalof financial barriers toutilities & energy efficiencyinvestments

    Govenors West CoastGlobal Warming Initiative(CA, OR, WA)

    Film Release: Who killedthe electric car?, AnInconvenient Truth

    Governors Green BuildingInitiative executive order(S-20-04)

    California implementsenergy efficiencystandards for commericialrefrigerators and freezers

    Western RegionalClimate Action Initiative

    California EnergyCommission adopts energyefficiency standards forgeneral purpose lighting

    California IndependentSystem Operator approvesthe Location ConstrainedResource Interconnection,a new financing tool thatimproves grid access fornew clean energy projects

    Caliornia GlobalWarming SolutionsAct o 2006 (AB 32)

    Caliornia greenhousegas perormancestandards or powerplants (SB 1368)

    CA Solar Initiative

    Governor Schwarzeneggerexecutive order setsgreenhouse gas emissionreduction targets (S-3-05)

    Utah, Manitoba & BritishColumbia join Governors

    West Coast GlobalWarming Initiative

    Commonwealth ofMassachusetts v.EnvironmentalProtection Agency

    California Public UtilitiesCommission approvesincentives for investorowned utilities in meetingenergy savings goal

    Solar Water Heating andEfficiency Act of 2007 isestablished with a goal of

    installing 200,000 solarwater heaters by 2017(AB 1470)

    California RenewableEnergy TransmissionInitiative is formed

    California requires electricutilities to record energyconsumption data for allnonresidential buildings towhich they provide service,building owners will berequired to share the datawith prospective buyersand leasers (AB 1103)

    Maryland Public UtilitiesCommission ordersremoval of financialbarriers to utilities& energy efficiencyinvestments

    2003

    2004 2005 2006 2007

    California Public UtilitiesCommission approvesfeed-in tariff to incentivizethe development of small-scale solar installations(AB 1969)

    California EnergyCommission revises Title24 to add new energyefficiency measures

    California Air ResourcesBoard releases AB 32Draft Scoping Plan

    Caliornia adoptsgreen building codes

    California adopts solarloan law (AB 811)

    2008

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    geen economy. The Caona Atenatve Enegy and

    Advanced Tanspotaton Fnancng Athoty (CAEATFA),

    the agency n chage o appovng the saes ta eempton,

    ecenty pt appcaton appova on hod ate Soynda, a

    Femont based soa pane manacte that had eceved

    saes ta eemptons, went bankpt n Septembe 2011.CAEATFA ecenty modfed the SB 71 appcaton and

    egaton pocesses n Mach 2012. These poces w

    epe n Septembe 2012 ness etended. Appcatons

    ae agan beng appoved and the new poces cay the

    ength o tme appcants ae eqed to mantan the

    eqpment (Qafed Popety) n Caona. in addton,

    the egatons eqe appcants to povde nomaton on

    fnanca assstance they eceve om oca govenments,

    as we as defne the tme peod CAEATFA has to e-

    convey the Qafed Popety.

    Caliornia must produce 20,000 new megawatts o

    renewable energy by 2020 to meet Goveno Bowns

    goa poposed n hs Cean Enegy Jobs Pan. The pan

    cas o 12,000 megawatts to be geneated om ocazed

    enegy soces, whch w not eqe new tansmsson

    ne constcton, a tmey and envonmentay mpact

    pocess. Ths ocazed enegy goa etends Goveno

    Schwazenegges 5,000 megawatt taget by 2020

    otned n Septembe 2010. Bowns eght pont pan aso

    ncdes bdng 8,000 megawatts o new age scae

    enewabes, efcency standads o new and estng

    bdngs, stonge appance efcency standads and

    appontng a enewabe enegy jobs cza. Ths pan w

    ncease enewabe enegy nvestment and hep ceate

    moe than ha a mon geen jobs n the state.

    California Air ResourcesBoard finalizes regulationof Palvey Bill forgreenhouse gas emissionsfor passenger vehicles

    Clean technologymanufacturing equipmentis exempt from sales tax(SB 71)

    California launches CaliforniaGreen Corps using $10million in stimulus funds,providing green sector jobsfor at-risk young adults

    Green Innovation ChallengeGrant program to invest$20 million trainingworkers for jobs incleantech industries

    California Air ResourcesBoard announcescompliance rate of 97percent in reporting ofgreenhouse as emissionsby States 600 largestfacilities

    California Air ResourcesBoard accredits thirdparty professionals toverify greenhouse gasemissions

    The California EnergyCommission set the worlds

    most rigorous efficiencystandards for televisions,cutting electricity needsfor new flat-panel sets byabout 50%

    California increasesfeed-in tariff caps (SB 32)

    California adoptedefficiency standards for 23categories of appliancesincluding clothes washersand audio visual products

    Caliornia utilities mustreimburse customersor excess powergenerated rom solarand wind powersystems (AB 920)

    Caliornia EnergyCommission toestablish regulationto increase buildingenergy efciency andlower operation costs(AB 758)

    U.S. Department ofEnergy announces $30million for energy-efficienthousing partnerships

    U.S. Department of Energyimplements guaranteedloan solicitation forrenewable energymanufacturing projects

    EPA finalizes RFS(Renewable Fuel Standard)regulations, requiring theU.S. to produce a totalof 36 billion gallons of

    biofuels by 2022EPA and U.S. Department ofTrade require automakersto meet a 35.5 miles pergallon standard by 2016

    EPA issues final rule toreduce emissions on largeindustrial projects

    U.S. Department of Laborannounces $190 millionin State Energy SectorPartnership and TrainingGrants for green jobs

    United Nations ClimateChange Conerence inCopenhagen, Denmark

    Clean technology taxincentives included inAmerican Recovery andReinvestment Act. U.S.now on pace to doublerenewable manufacturingcapacity by 2012

    The California PublicUtilities Commission(CPUC) initiates anAlternative-fueled vehiclerulemaking, in response to

    Senate Bill 626, to makesure the electric utilitiesthe CPUC regulates areprepared for the projectedstatewide market adoptionof electric vehicles (PEVs)

    U.S. Department ofEnergy to provide $8billion of loans forrenewable energy projects

    Cap-and-Trade bill passesU.S. Senate Environmentand Public Works

    Committee (SB 1733)

    California Air ResourcesBoard adopts regulationto reduce carbon intensityof transportation fuel 10percent by 2020

    California grantedwaiver from EPA formore stringent vehicleemission standards

    Advanced ResearchProjects Agency-Energyreceives $400 million tofund cross-disciplenaryenergy research

    U.S. Department of Laborto award $500 million forgreen jobs initiatives

    EPA will adopt morestringent tailpiperules modeled aterthose o Caliornias

    Green Collar Jobs Councilestablished (AB 3018)

    California Public UtilitiesCommission adoptsthe California Long-Term Energy Eff iciencyStrategic Plan for 2009to 2020

    Caliornia Air Resources

    Board adopts plan toreduce greenhouse gasemissions levels to1990 level by 2020

    Land use strategyrequirements mandatedto reduce GHG emissions(SB 375)

    2008 2009 2010

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    U.S. Department o Energy (DOE) launched the

    SunShot Initiative in February 2011 to eocs the

    $200 mon anna soa eseach bdget to dve down

    the cost o PV soa systems 75 pecent by 2020. Two

    months ate, the DOE epanded the ntatve wth an

    addtona $170 mon n ndng to advance soa enegy

    technooges and $110 mon awaded to thee SnShot

    Advanced Manactng Patnes, two o whch ae

    based n Nothen Caona, the Bay Aea PV Consotm

    (Stanod unvesty) and SVTC Technooges (San Jose).

    Caliornia legislation aims to reduce more than 15

    million tons o pollution and waste annually (AB 341)

    by estabshng a new statewde goa o 75 pecent soce

    edcton, ecycng and compostng by 2020, the hghest

    n the naton. Ths b s sma to AB 939 (1989) enacted

    to dvet 50 pecent o sod waste om andfs. Centy

    Caona eads the naton n dvetng 54 pecent o a

    ts waste.

    Caliornia raises cap on netmetering rom 2.5 % to 5%(AB 510)

    California Energy Commissionapproves construction ofBeacon Solar Energy Project,the first solar thermal powerproject permitted in 20 years

    California Energy Storage Bill AB2514 signed into law, requiringpower providers to adopt energystorage technologies

    California Air Resources Board

    passes cap-and-trade programto cut pollution 15% by 2020

    California implements federal

    law requiring improved lightbulb efficiency a year beforethe rest of the nation

    California Energy Commissionawards nearly $9.6 millionfor eight grants to reducepetroleum use and advancebiofuels and electric vehiclemanufacturing

    Air Resources Board andCalifornia Energy Commissionpropose to reduce petroleumfuel consumption to 15% below2003 levels by 2020 and toincrease alternative fuels to26% by 2022 (AB 638)

    California Energy Commissionand the Public UtilitiesCommission launch EnergyUpgrade California

    Caliornia Legislationincreases Caliornias currentrenewables portolio standardto require all retail sellerso electricity and all publiclyowned utilities to procureat least 33% o electricitydelivered to their retailcustomers rom renewableresources by 2020, the mostambitious standard in thecountry

    Caliornia Legislation passesthe Renewable Energy EquityAct (SB 489), which expandsthe Net Energy MeteringProgram to all eligible ormso renewable energy allowingsmall-scale renewable energyproducers to participate

    California legislation permittingelectricity customers, including

    renters, to own solar generationin a shared facility (SB 383)passes Senate Energy Committee

    Zero-emission vehicle rebate demandexceeds allotted funding under theClean Vehicle Rebate Project

    Governor Brown announces CleanEnergy Jobs Plan

    California Public UtilitiesCommission implementsRenewable Auction Mechanismprogram, requiring the stateslargest investor-owned utilitiesto purchase 1,000 MW ofpower from renewable projects

    Energy Department launches$2 billion program to put

    400,000 electric cars on theroad in three years

    GHG reduction targets set forSB 375 land-use strategies for18 regions. Targets for 2020 and2035 integrate land use, housingand transportation planning U.S. government approval

    of solar energy projects on24 federal land sites maystreamline the applicationand development processof renewable projects onpublic lands

    U.S. House of Representativespass bill providing over$6 billion in rebates tohomeowners who performenergy efficiency retrofits(HR 5019)

    Department of Transportationand EPA propose the firstnational GHG and fuelefficiency standards for trucksand buses

    Department oTransportation, EPA andCaliornia Air ResourcesBoard announce singletimerame to establishGHG standards or carsmodel year 2017-2025

    Obama seeks to increase U.S.electricity from clean energysources to 80% by 2035

    U.S. Department of Laborallocates $40 million forGreen Jobs Innovation FundGrant competition to supportgreen job training programs

    U.S. Department of Energyannounces $170 millionin available funding toadvance solar energytechnologies in expansionof the SunShot Initiative

    U.S. Department of Energylaunches SunShot Initiative torefocus $200 million annualsolar research budget to drivedown the cost of PV solarsystems 75% by 2020

    U.S. Commerce Departmentin partnership with U.S.departments of Agricultureand Energy, the EPA and theNational Science Foundationcommence $12 million i6Green Challenge to promoteclean energy innovation andeconomic growth

    2011

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    14/7212C A l i F O r N i A S P AS T A N D F u T u r E

    The Caliornia Energy Commission approved nearly

    $5 million to help bring natural gas-powered shuttle

    buses and large trucks to Caliornias highways

    n Novembe 2011. These awads, nded om the

    Commssons Atenatve and renewabe Fe & Vehce

    Technoogy Pogam, make ceane es a vabe

    atenatve to conventona o dese gasone.

    Caliornias Air Resources Board reviewed and voted

    to maintain the stringency o Caliornias Low Carbon

    Fuel Standard (LCFS) in December 2011, pat o

    Caonas stategy to edce poton nde the states

    goba wamng aw (AB 32). lCFS s epected to podce

    oghy 15 pecent o the edctons needed to etn to

    1990 eves o geenhose gas emssons by 2020. The

    pogam s desgned to ncentvze a podces o moto

    es, ncdng gasone and con ethano, to edce the

    cabon ntensty o moto es sod n Caona by 10

    pecent. lCFS s a peomance-based standad that woks

    by assgnng a cabon ntensty scoe to a tanspotaton

    es and defnng a tadng system o cedts. Caonas

    lCFS ecenty was pt on hod ate a edea dstct cot

    jdge ed the pogam nconstttonay nteeed wthntestate commece. CArB has appeaed the ng and

    soght a stay o the dstct cot s njncton n the Nnth

    Cct Cot o Appeas.

    The Caliornia Air Resources Board adopted the

    Advanced Clean Car Rules in January 2012, whch

    estabshes the net ond o Zeo Emsson Vehce (ZEV)

    eqements, ctea potant and GHG tappe emsson

    standads. unde the new ZEV eqements, one-n-seven

    o new cas sod n 2025 w be an eectc o othe zeo-

    emsson vehce. The pan aso mandated a 75 pecent

    2011

    Governor Brown focuses onsolar power at UCLA conferenceto meet the states 12,000megawatts distributed renewableenergy and 8,000 Megawattsof large scale renewable &necessary transmission linesgoals by 2020

    The United States Departmentof Energy finalizes a $1.2 billionloan to support the CaliforniaValley Solar Ranch Project, inaddition to its $1.46 billion loanfor the Desert Sunlight Project

    in Riverside County, Californiaand its $646 million loan for theAntelope Valley Solar Ranch inNorth Los Angeles County

    California Legislation aims toreduce pollution and wasteby more than 15 million tonsannually; establishing a newstatewide goal of 75% sourcereduction, recycling andcomposting by 2020 (AB 341),the highest in the nation

    California Energy Legislationcalls for the Energy Commissionto enforce energy efficiencystandards for appliances andrequires energy efficiencyrebate recipients to certify that

    licensed contractors were usedand permits were obtained(SB 454)

    California Air Resources Boardapproves $15 million funding forClean Vehicle Rebate Project,a three-fold increase from the2010 to 2011 budget whichexceeded its funding

    The Western Climate Initiative Inc(WCI Inc.), a non-profit corporationwith officials from the provinces ofQuebec and British Columbia andthe State of California, is formedto provide administrative andtechnical services to support theimplementation of greenhouse gasemissions trading programs

    Caliornia Air ResourcesBoard approves $15 millionin its 20 11-2012 budget orthe Clean Vehicle RebateProject, a three-old increaserom the 2010-2011 budgetwhich exceeded its unding

    One in every four solar energyjobs in America is he ld bya Californian. National SolarJobs Census 2011 showsCalifornia had an estimated25,575 solar-related jobs outof 100,237 for all 50 states

    California Air Resources Boardapproves revised ScopingPlan document (AB 32) inresponse to court ruling

    California legislation extendsthe Self-Generation IncentiveProgram (AB 1150), whichhelps customers switch toclean energy and providesa bridge for clean energytechnologies to scale up anddrive down costs

    Private-public partnershipormed between U.S.Department o Energy andthe Appraisal Foundation toimprove building efciencynationwide

    Department of Energyannounced a $60 millioninvestment, through itsSunShot initiative, over threeyears for applied scientificresearch to advance cutting-edge Concentrating Solar Powertechnologies

    Energy Department announcesover $12 million to spur solarenergy from the lab to themarketplace through theirSunShot Incubator Program

    Five million smart metersinstalled nationwide as part ofRecovery Act-funded efforts toaccelerate grid modernization

    Obama administration and13 major automakers agreeto raise uel economystandards up rom 27 to anaverage o 54.5 miles pergallon by 2025

    U.S. Department of Energyawards over $110 millionto three SunShot AdvancedManufacturing Partners,two of which are based inNorthern California

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    evaluatiNg multiple aspects of califorNias greeN iNNovatioN demoNstr ates how

    the state is maiNtaiNiNg its pacesetter positioN aNd reveals emergiNg areas

    of greeN iNNovatioN. the dashboard iNdicators that follow measure grow th iN

    eNviroNmeNtal qualit y, resource efficieNcy, aNd techNological advaNcemeNt.

    decliNes iN total emissioNs aNd per capita emissioNs iN the state

    validate califorNias coNtiNued efforts to reduce reliaNce oN carboN

    iNteNsive activit ies. as a result of eNergy efficieNcy policies eNacted

    siNce the 1970s, eNergy productivity coNtiNues to rise, which meaNs

    that busiNesses aNd households get more for their eNergy dollars

    aNd therefore have more dollars to speNd iN the ecoNomy. veNture

    capital iNvestmeNt has remaiNed stroNg iN cleaN techNology despite

    overall slowiNg iN iNvestmeNt as a result of the global fiNaNcial

    crisis. New value coNtiNues to be created through the adoptioN of

    Novel techNologies aNd implemeNtatioN of forward-thiNkiNg public

    policy. the dashboard iNdicators track the states progress iN

    greeN techNol ogy iNNovatioN, the carboN ecoNomy, eNergy efficieNcy,

    reNewable eNergy aNd traNsportatioN. followiNg the dashboard

    iNdicators is a feature oN califorNias solar iNdustry.

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    14 D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    DA shboArD InDIC Ators

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    om 24 pecent n 2010. Ceantech as pecent o tota VC

    has eveed o n ecent yeas mosty de to catchp gowth

    n tota VC nvestment.

    in 2011, Caona made p 57 pecent o tota ceantech

    VC nvestment n the unted States and 40 pecent gobay.

    inceasng by 26 pecent to $6.3 bon, the unted States

    acconted o ove 71 pecent o a ceantech nvestment n

    2011. Tota wod nvestment nceased eeven pecent n the

    same tme peod.

    Caona s a goba eade n the gowng and dvese feds

    o cean technoogy and attacts the bk o goba vente

    capta (VC) nvestment n most technoogy aeas.

    Tota vente capta nvestment n Caona nceased 20

    pecent om 2010 to 2011, wth $14.5 bon nvested n

    2011. in the same tme peod, ceantech nvestment n the

    state nceased 24 pecent. in 2011, ceantech attacted

    $3.5 bon doas n vente capta nvestment and made

    p 25 pecent o tota VC nvestment n Caona, sghty p

    Green teC hnoLoGy InnovAtIon

    VENTURE CAPITAL CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VC & TOTAL VC INVESTMENT / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers/National Venture Capita l Association MoneyTree Report,Data: Thomson Reuters; C leantech Group, LLC Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    BILLIONS

    OF

    DOLLARS

    INVESTED

    IN

    VENTU

    RE

    CAPITAL

    (INFLATION

    ADJUSTED)

    CLEAN

    TECHNOLOGY

    AS

    PERCENTO

    F

    TOTAL

    VENTURE

    CAPITAL

    $0

    $10

    $20

    $30

    $40

    $50

    $60

    $70

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

    TOTAL VC

    CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VC

    CLEAN TECHNOLOGY

    AS % OF TOTAL VC

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    ony o pecent om 2010 to 2011. Cean Tanspotaton,Enegy Efcency and Enegy Geneaton consttted the

    bk o ecent ceantech nvestment, epesentng 19, 22 and

    32 pecent espectvey o tota ceantech nvestments.

    Scon Vaey attacts the stongest ows o ceantech VC

    ndng n the state , epesentng 49 pecent ($1.7 bon)

    n 2011. The San Fancsco regon wthot Scon Vaey

    oows wth 22 pecent o tota nvestment. investment n

    the San Dego regon neay dobed n 2011 eachng a

    tota o $264 mon and epesentng seven pecent o tota

    ceantech VC nvestement n the state.

    As tota ceantech VC nvestment nceases , CaonasVC potoo becomes moe dvesfed. A thteen-od

    ncease n Enegy Stoage nvestment ove the pevos

    yea acconts o eeven pecent o tota nvestment doas

    n 2011. Addtona gowth can be attbted to the age

    segments o Cean Tanspotaton and Enegy Efcency,

    nceasng 37 and 38 pecent espectvey. Combned, the

    two sectos made p 45 pecent o tota ceantech VC

    nvestment doas n 2011 and 40 pecent o nvestment

    deas made. Sma to the po yea, Enegy Geneaton

    attacted a tota o $1.2 bon.

    Ate epeencng 25 pecent gowth om 2009 to 2010,ceantech nvestment deas sowed consdeaby; nceasng

    D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN CLEAN TECHNOLOGY CALIFORNIA, THE UNITED STATES & GLOBAL

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source. C leantech Group, LLC. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    BILLIONS

    OF

    DOLLARS

    INVESTED

    (INFLATION

    ADJUSTED)

    $10

    $6

    $7

    $8

    $9

    $5

    $4

    $3

    $2

    $0

    $1

    1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

    WORLD

    UNITED STATES

    CALIFORNIA

    $8.8

    $6.3

    $3.5

    top cleaNtech vc segmeNts by Number of deals

    segmeNts 2010 2011% of total

    2011

    enerGy GeneraTion 48 49 32%

    enerGy effiCienCy 37 33 22%

    Clean TranSPorTaTion 27 28 19%

    % 10-11

    T o T a l d e a l S 145 151 4%

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: Cleantech

    Group, LLC. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

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    19/72172 0 1 2 c a l i f o r n i a g r e e n i n n o v at i o n i n d e x

    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN CLEAN TECHNOLOGY BY SEGMENT

    BILLIONS OF DOLLARS INVESTED / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: C leantech Group, LLC. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    BILLIONS

    OF

    DOLL

    ARS

    INVESTED

    (INFLATION

    ADJUSTED)

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

    $0 .4

    $1 .4

    $1 .8

    $3 . 1

    $2 .3

    $2 .7

    $3 .5

    $3 .5

    $4 .0

    $3 .0

    $2 .5

    $2 .0

    $1 .0

    $1 .5

    $0 .5

    $0 .0

    GREEN BUILDING

    WATER & WASTEWATER

    RECYCLING & WASTE

    AIR & ENVIRONMENT

    ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE

    AGRICULTURE

    ADVANCED MATERIALS

    ENERGY STORAGE

    ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    CLEAN TRANSPORTATION

    ENERGY GENERATION

    VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN CLEAN TECHNOLOGY BY REGION BILLIONS OF DOLLARS INVESTED

    SILICON VALLEY, SAN FRANCISCO WITHOUT SILICON VALLEY, LOS ANGELES AREA, ORANGE COUNTY, SAN DIEGO REGION & REST OF CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: C leantech Group, LLC. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    BILLIONS

    OF

    DOLLARS

    INVESTED

    (INFLATION

    ADJUSTED)

    $ 2 . 0

    $ 1 . 2

    $ 1 . 4

    $ 1 . 6

    $ 1 . 8

    $ 1 . 0

    $ 0 . 8

    $ 0 . 6

    $ 0 . 4

    $ 0 . 0

    $ 0 . 2

    2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 1

    SILICON VALLEY SAN FRANCISCO REGION

    WITHOUT SILICON VALLEY

    ORANGE COUNTY LOS ANGELES AREA SAN DIEGO REGION

  • 7/31/2019 2012 Green Innovation Index

    20/7218D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Caona patent fngs acoss a geen technooges ose41 pecent dng om the peod 2005-07 to 2008-10

    and epanded by 120 pecent ove the ast twenty yeas.

    Accontng o 25 pecent o tota u.S. geen patent actvty

    n 2010, Caona eads the naton n patents egsteed n

    Battey Technoogy, Wate, Soa and Enegy inastcte.

    Fom the peod 2005-07 to 2008-10, technoogy aeas

    eveang the stongest gowth n patents ncde Soa Enegy

    (+117%), Hybd Systems (+56%) and Battees (+55%).

    Caona acconts o 25 pecent o tota patents n geentechnoogy egsteed wth the u.S. Commece Depatments

    Patent and Tademak Ofce (uSPTO). Wth 910 geen

    technoogy patents egsteed between 2008 and 2010,

    Caona anks fst n the unted States. Tota uSPTO patent

    egstatons om oegn and domestc nventos eated to

    geen technooges nceased obsty n 2010. Patent fngs

    ose 32 pecent om u.S. nventos and nceased 44 pecent

    o oegn nventos om 2009 to 2010.

    Dng the peod 2008-10, Caona acconted o 41

    pecent o tota Soa Enegy patents (182 patents), p om

    22 pecent n the peod 1990-92 (61 patents). in the mostecent peod, Caona acconted o 21 pecent o a

    Battey Technoogy patents (258 patents), 14 pecent o a

    Wate patents (214 patents), and 12 pecent o a Enegy

    inastcte patent fngs (34 patents).

    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    GREEN TECHNOLOGY PATENT REGISTRATIONS

    BY PRIMARY INVENTORS

    CALIFORNIA, U.S. & FOREIGN INVENTOR PATENT REGISTRATIONS

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    PATENTSREGISTEREDWITHU.S.

    PATENT&TRADEOFFICE

    3 ,000

    3 ,500

    2 ,500

    2 ,000

    1 ,500

    1 ,000

    0

    500

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

    CALIFORNIA

    UNITED STATES

    FOREIGN

    total greeN techNolgy pateNts

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    C a l i fo r n i a 910 1 1

    new york 475 2 6

    MiCHiGan 469 3 10

    T e x a S 293 4 3

    oHio 208 5 7

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 199 6 9

    fl o r i d a 192 7 8

    illinoiS 191 8 2

    PennSylVania 186 9 4

    MinneSoTa 184 10 13

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analytics, Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent File. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    raNkiNg

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    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    GREEN TECHNOLOGY PATENTS CALIFORNIA PERCENTAGE OF U.S. GREEN TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CALIFORNIA

    PERCENTA

    GE

    OF

    U.

    S.

    GREEN

    TECHNOLOGY

    PATENTS

    50%

    40%

    30%

    20%

    10%

    0%

    2008-20102005-20072002-20041999-20011996- 19981993- 19951990- 1992

    GEOTHERMAL

    ENERGY

    HYDRO

    POWER

    HYBRID

    SYSTEMS

    ENERGY

    INFRASTRUCTURE

    WIND

    ENERGY

    SOLAR

    ENERGY

    FUEL

    CELLS

    WATER BATTERIES

    GREEN TECHNOLOGY PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    GREEN

    TECH

    NOLOGY

    PATENTS

    1000

    600

    700

    800

    900

    500

    400

    300

    200

    0

    100

    1990- 1992 1993- 1995 1996- 1998 1999-2001 2002-2004 2005-2007 2008-2010

    HYDRO POWER

    GEOTHERMAL ENERGY

    WIND ENERGY

    ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE

    HYBRID SYSTEMS

    FUEL CELLS

    SOLAR ENERGY

    WATER

    BATTERIES

  • 7/31/2019 2012 Green Innovation Index

    22/7220D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Caona has been a consstent eade n battey technoogypatent egstatons. reachng 258 tota patents n the

    2008-10 peod, fngs nceased by 55 pecent om the

    po peod. lthm Battey epesents the second agest

    categoy o battey patents. The agest categoy epesents

    a m o technooges.

    Wate technoogy patents egsteed n Caona peaked

    n the peod 1999-2001 wth 270 patents. Ove the thee

    yea peod 2008-10, 214 wate technoogy patents wee

    egsteed, nceasng 18 pecent ove the pevos peod.

    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    BATTERY TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology;USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    BATTERY

    TECHNOLOGY

    PATENTS

    300

    250

    200

    150

    100

    50

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    Nickel metal hydride battery

    Nickel cadmium battery

    lead acid battery

    ev/hybrid battery

    lithium battery

    mixed battery/storage

    The nmbe o new soa enegy technoogy patents neaytped ove the two decades , 1990-92 to 2008-10. A

    tota o 182 new patents wee egsteed n the 2008-10

    peod. Seventy-one pecent o these patents ae eated to

    photovotac technoogy.

    battery techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    C a l i fo r n i a 258 1 1

    T e x a S 87 2 12

    new york 75 3 11

    MiCHiGan 73 4 10

    oHio 72 5 2

    illinoiS 62 6 6

    wiSConSin 60 7 3

    MinneSoTa 59 8 9

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 56 9 8

    Ma r y l a n d 47 10 13

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analytics, Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent File. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    raNkiNg

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    WATER TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology;

    USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBEROFW

    ATERTECHNOLOGYPATENTS

    300

    250

    200

    150

    100

    50

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology;USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    SOLAR

    ENERGY

    TE

    CHNOLOGY

    PATENTS

    200

    180

    160

    140

    120

    80

    60

    100

    20

    40

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / electrochemical

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / biological

    water coNservatioN

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / chemical

    desaliNatioN

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / all other

    wastewater/stormwater treatmeNt

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / mechaNical

    other water filtratioN/treatmeNt / wave eNergy

    other solar

    photovoltaic

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analyt ics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    solar techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    C a l i fo r n i a 182 1 1

    new york 31 2 4

    n e w Me xi C o 24 3 19

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 23 4 2

    T e x a S 20 5 6

    fl o r i d a 17 6 5

    MiCHiGan 17 6 3

    u T a H 13 8 28

    new HaMPSHire 12 9 39

    new JerSey 12 9 7

    PennSylVania 12 9 14

    raNkiNg

    water techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    C a l i fo r n i a 214 1 1

    T e x a S 114 2 2

    fl o r i d a 102 3 7

    illinoiS 69 4 3

    PennSylVania 65 5 4

    MinneSoTa 61 6 12

    MiCHiGan 58 7 9

    oHio 55 8 8

    wiSConSin 55 8 11

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 52 10 10

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analyt ics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    raNkiNg

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    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    FUEL CELLS T ECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology;

    USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    FUE

    L

    CELLS

    TECHNOLOGY

    PATENTS 120

    60

    20

    40

    100

    80

    140

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analytics, Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent File. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    fuel cell vehicles

    fuel cells (miNus vehicles)

    electric vehicle

    hybrid systems

    HYBRID & ELECTRIC SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology;USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    EV

    AND

    HYBRID

    TE

    CHNOLOGY

    PATENTS

    50

    45

    40

    35

    30

    25

    20

    15

    10

    5

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    fuel cells techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    new york 239 1 8

    California 140 2 3

    ConneCTiCuT 78 3 1

    MiCHiGan 77 4 11

    oHio 41 5 5

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 39 6 7

    oreGon 37 7 25

    MinneSoTa 35 8 25

    illinoiS 31 9 4

    PennSylVania 29 10 2

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analyt ics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    raNkiNg

    hybrid systems techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    MiCHiGan 227 1 1

    C a l i fo r n i a 42 2 10

    indiana 25 3 10

    oHio 16 4 10

    illinoiS 14 5 10

    new york 14 5 3

    PennSylVania 11 7 10

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 10 8 3

    wiSConSin 9 9 19

    T e x a S 8 10 3

    raNkiNg

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    eNergy iNfrastructureENERGY INFRASTR UCTURE TECHNOLOGY PATENTS

    BY TECHNOLOGY / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analyt ics , Patents by Technology;

    USPTO Patent F ile Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    NUMBER

    OF

    ENERGY

    IN

    FRASTRUCTURE

    TECHNOLOGY

    PATENTS

    50

    45

    40

    35

    30

    25

    20

    15

    10

    5

    0

    1990- 1992 1996- 1998 2002-2004 2008-2010

    Caona s second to New Yok State n patent actvty

    eated to Fe Ces. in the ast two decades, fngs

    nceased moe than eght od spassng second-anked

    Connectct. Patents n Fe Ces nceased 49 pecent ove

    the po peod, eachng 140 egstatons.

    Foowng Mchgan, Caona s a dstant second n

    u.S. patent actv ty eated to Hybd & Eectc Vehces

    technoogy. Patent fngs eated to Eectc Vehces made

    p a thd o tota patents n ths categoy n Caona nthe peod 2008-10, and epanded by 40 pecent ove the

    pevos peod. Tota Caona patents n Hybd & Eectc

    Vehce technoogy nceased by 56 pecent dng that same

    tme ame.

    Ove the ast twenty yeas, the nmbe o patent egstatons

    n enegy nastcte technoogy nceased by 89 pecent.

    in ecent yeas, actvty stabzed wth 34 patent fngs n

    2008-10.

    Patent ctatons can be sed to mease both the etn

    on r&D nvestment and the heath o the technoogy

    commecazaton pocess.2

    When a patent s cted n

    a age nmbe o othe patents, ths sggests that the

    patent eects mpotant deas, whch othe nventos bd

    pon. The ctaton nde s deved by dvdng the nmbe

    o owad ctatons3

    a patent has eceved by the aveage

    nmbe o ctatons that a patent ssed n the same yea and

    n the same technoogy cass has eceved.

    in 2009, Caona was anked thteenth n the naton wth

    a ctaton nde o 1.48. Peaks n a technoogys ctaton

    nde eect a peod o technoogca mpact n a egon. inCaona, battey technoogy has the hghest ctaton nde

    when compaed to the othe geen technooges n the state.

    in the yeas 2006 and 2009, the ctaton nde o battey

    technoogy was patcay hgh, ndcatng a age nmbe

    o patent ctatons n ecent yeas. Ctatons o e ce

    patents peaked n 1997 wth an nde atng o 2.82 and

    emaned hghy cted n sbseqent yeas. Wnd technoogy

    patents have consstenty been heavy cted. The wnd

    ctaton nde eached a hgh o 3.20 n 1993 and was 2.45

    n 2008. Patents o wate and soa technooges have been

    consstenty cted n Caona om 1990 to 2009.

    eNergy iNfrastructure techNology

    top raNkiNg states iN pateNts registered

    Number ofpateNts

    2008-2010 2008-2010 1990-1992

    C a l i fo r n i a 34 1 1

    new york 30 2 3

    Ma r y l a n d 29 3 16

    T e x a S 18 4 5

    MinneSoTa 16 5 22

    GeorGia 15 6 5

    wiSConSin 13 7 12

    PennSylVania 11 8 7

    waSHinGTon 11 8 12

    fl o r i d a 10 10 2

    raNkiNg

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    26/7224

    TOTAL GREEN TECHNOLOGY PATENT CITATIONS CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    INDEX

    1 . 6

    1 . 4

    1 . 2

    1 . 0

    0 .8

    0 .6

    0 .4

    0 .2

    0 .0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

    D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Green TeCHnoloGy innoVaTion

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    total greeN techNologypateNts citatioNs

    top raNkiNg states iN highly cited pateNts

    state

    2009

    citatioN iNdex raNkiNg

    Ma i n e 4.88 1

    norTH dakoTa 4.76 2

    k e n T u C k y 3.13 3

    n e w Me xi C o 2.70 4

    Hawaii 2.61 5

    TenneSSee 1.96 6

    C o l o r a d o 1.90 7

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 1.89 8

    w y o Mi n G 1.67 9

    MinneSoTa 1.61 10

    C a l i fo r n i a 1.48 13

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: 1790Analyt ics , Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    BATTERY TECHNOLOGY PATENT CITATIONS

    CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    IND

    EX

    2 .5

    2 .0

    1 .5

    1 . 0

    0 .5

    0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

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    WATER TECHN OLOGY PATENT CITATIONS

    CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,

    Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    INDEX

    2 .0

    1 .5

    1 .0

    0 . 5

    0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

    SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PATENT CITATIONS

    CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    IND

    EX

    2 . 5

    2 . 0

    1 . 5

    1 .0

    0 . 5

    0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

    WIND TECHNOLOGY PATENT CITATIONS

    CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,

    Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    INDEX

    3 .5

    3 .0

    2 .5

    2 .0

    1 .5

    1 . 0

    0 . 5

    0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

    FUEL CELLS TECHNOLOGY PATENT CITATIONS

    CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: 1790 Analytics ,Patents by Technology; USPTO Patent F ile . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CITATION

    IND

    EX

    3 . 0

    2 . 5

    2 . 0

    1 . 5

    1 .0

    0 .5

    0

    1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

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    28/7226D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Despte pogessve cabon emssons edcton poces,

    Caonas economy s st agey dependent on cabon-

    based enegy. Ocean shppng, a cago, tans and the

    tcks that n p and down o vast ntestate system ae

    eed by cabon based es and eectcty geneated by

    cabon emttng soces. in ode to meet the envonmentaobjectves ad ot by the Caona Goba Wamng

    Sotons Act and othe egsaton, o economy mst

    pogess and evove beyond ts dependence on cabon.

    indcatos eatng to the Cabon Economy tack ths

    necessay sht . The ndcatos hep ecdate the

    tansomng eatonshp between economc peomance

    and the geneaton o geenhose gases. Othe ndcatos

    hep s tack Caonas pogess by compang the state to

    othe contes, the est o the u.S. ( .e., ecdng Caona)

    and sppementay age states . Caona s both a age

    consme o cabon-based es, and a eade n cabon

    edcton meases.

    On a wod scae, the cabon efcency (emssons pe capta)

    and the cabon ntensty (emssons pe doa o GDP) o

    Caona, the u.S. and othe deveoped economes has been

    mpovng whe deveopng economes sch as inda and Chnaeman the most cabon ntensve, geneatng moe cabon

    emssons o evey nt o economc vae podced. Whe

    sgnfcant mpovement s beng made on ths ont, cabon

    consmpton pe capta has been cmbng as mpoveshed

    popatons enjoy heghtened standads o vng.

    in the goba contet, Caona s stated among the

    moe efcent and ess cabon ntensve contes sch

    as Gemany, Japan and the unted Kngdom. in 2009, the

    state posted 10 Metc Ton Cabon Eqvaent (MTCO2E) pe

    peson and 0.22 MTCO2E pe doa GDP.

    t he CA rbon e Conom y

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    GLOBAL FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION IN CALIFORNIA AND OTHER REGIONSCARBON INTENSITY AND EFFICIENCY 1997 TO 2009

    G O A L

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: U.S . Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration , International Energy Statist ics and State CO2 Emissions;Bureau of Economic Analysis , U.S . D epartment of Commerce; U.S . Census Bureau, Population Estimates Branch; The Californ ia Department of F inance. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    EFFICI

    ENCY

    EMISSIONS

    PER

    CAPITA

    (METRIC

    TO

    NS

    CO2

    EQUIVALENT

    PER

    PERSON)

    INTENSITY

    EMISSIONS PER GDP DOLLAR (METRIC TONS CO2 EQUIVALENT PER THOUSAND, INFLATION ADJUSTED U.S. DOLLARS GDP)

    3 5

    3 0

    2 5

    2 0

    1 5

    5

    1 0

    0

    0 0 . 1 0 . 2 0 . 3 0 . 4 0 . 5 0 . 6 0 . 7 0 . 8 0 . 9 1 . 0 2 . 0 3 . 01 . 5 2 . 5

    1997

    2009

    +

    +

    +

    + +

    +

    +

    +

    +

    T E X A S

    U . S .

    F L O R I D A

    U N I T E D K I N G D O M

    C A L I F O R N I A

    F R A N C E

    ++I N D I A

    C H I N A

    +

    U . S . W I T H O U T C A

    G E R M A N Y

    J A P A N

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    states enegy efcency poces. These standads hepedto nsate the economy, potectng t om pce hkes, and

    makng t moe efcent, whe edcng GHG emssons.

    Efcency standads o bdngs and appances, coped

    wth mt-bon doa tty nvestments n cost-eectve

    enegy efcency, have contbted sgnfcanty to the dop

    n emssons pe capta. Fom 2008 to 2009, Caonas

    pe capta GDP shank by o pecent, whe pe capta

    emssons dopped by s pecent. Between 1996 and 2004

    Caonas GDP gew at moe than twce the ate o the

    GHG emssons, nceasng 45 pecent. reatve to 1990, pe

    capta goss domestc podct (GDP) nceased 16 pecentwhe pe capta GHG emssons e 16 pecent.

    GHG emssons aso sowed n ecent yeas, eated to the

    goba economc downtown. Fom 2008 to 2009, Caonas

    GHG emssons dopped s pecent, the agest dop n the

    obsevabe peod gong back to 1990. Tota GHG emssons

    n 2009 wee eqvaent to 1999 eves.

    Ths s an mpotant tend snce tota emssons mst sta t

    doppng n ode to edce emssons to 1990 eves by

    2020 as mandated by Caonas Goba Wamng Sotons

    Domestcay, Caona spasses the natona aveage aswe as othe age states n both meases o efcency and

    edcng ntensty, athogh stong gans by othe states ae

    evdenced. Foda s the ony othe age state to eceed the

    naton n cabon efcency and edcng ntensty.

    Whe etemey nefcent and tang the naton, the Teas

    economy has made sod pogess n mpovng ts cabon

    efcency ove the tweve-yea pe od, doppng om 33

    MTCO2E pe peson to 24 MTCO2E.

    Fo the ast two decades , Caona has been gowng ts

    enegy podctvty; sgnfcanty deceasng ts cabon

    ntensty. Whe tota anna geenhose gas emssons have

    sen fve pecent ove the ast 20 yeas, they have gown

    at a sowe ate than both the popaton (+25%) and the

    states GDP (+45%). Snce 2004, ate eachng peak tota

    GHG emssons o 488 mon tons, the state has snce been

    showng a genea downwad tend n tota emssons.

    Caona has eectvey edced geenhose gases n

    the state whe contnng to gow the economy. Whe

    GDP dopped dng the ecent economc downtn, pe

    capta GHG emssons e at a aste ate as a est o the

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    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

    GHG EMISSIONS & GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

    CALIFORNIA'S RELATIVE TRENDS SINCE 1990 / GROSS GHG EMISSIONS & GDP DOLLARS PER CAPITA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board, Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory- by Sector and Activ ity; Bureau of Economic Analysis , U .S . Departmentof Commerce; Californ ia Department of F inance. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    INDEXED

    TO

    1990

    (100=1990

    VALUES)

    1 2 5

    1 2 0

    1 1 5

    1 1 0

    1 0 5

    1 0 0

    9 5

    9 0

    8 5

    1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 91 9 9 0

    GDP PER CAPITA

    GROSS GHG EMISSIONS

    PER CAPITA

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    as the Powe New Yok Act o 2011. Wyomng was ond tohave the most cabon dependent economy n the naton.

    Caonas cabon ntensty s owe than othe age states

    sch as Foda and Teas. Fo eampe, n 2009, Teas

    cabon economy was moe than two and a ha tmes hghe

    than n Caona. Thogh Foda s the ony othe age

    state to spass the naton, Fodas economy was neay

    52 pecent moe cabon ntensve than that o Caona.

    The natons cabon economy as a whoe (not ncdng

    Caona) was two tmes hghe than Caona.

    Ove the ong-tem, pogess has been made n Caona

    and othe states towad a ess cabon-ntensve economy.

    Snce 1990, the cabon economy has dopped by 29 pecent

    n Caona and the est o the naton whe Foda dopped

    by 31 pecent and Teas by 41 pecent. Most ecenty, om

    2008 to 2009, Caonas cabon economy shank by 0.5

    pecent, tang the est o the naton (6.1%), Foda (4.2%)

    and Teas (1.3%).

    Act (AB 32) . The eveng ot and dop n emssons n ecentyeas eects mtpe actos ncdng the onset o the

    economc ecesson, e pce hkes and a notceabe dop n

    on-oad tanspotaton.4

    The Caona economys dependence on cabon-based

    enegy contnes to essen. repoted as goss GHG

    emssons eatve to GDP, the states cabon economy has

    dopped thee pecent between 2008 and 2009, om 2.43

    to 2.36 metc tons o cabon dode o evey $10,000

    o GDP geneated. Ths epesents a dop o 28 pecent

    snce 1990. Once the eatonshp eaches zeo, the states

    economy w be competey ee o ts cabon dependency.

    in 2009, Caona was ond to have the sth east cabon

    dependent economy n the naton, oowng New Yok,

    Connectct, Deawae and Massachsetts. New Yok was

    the east cabon dependent state de n pat to ts dvese

    potoo o enewabe enegy soces, the Geen Jobs

    Geen New Yok Act and the passng o new poces, sch

    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

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    THE CARBON ECONOMY GROSS EMISSIONS RELATIVE TO GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board, Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory- by Sector and Activ ity; Bureau of Economic Analysis , U .S . Departmentof Commerce; Californ ia Department of F inance. Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    GHG

    EMISSIONS

    /$

    10,0

    00

    GDP

    3 . 5

    3

    2 . 5

    2

    1 . 5

    1

    . 5

    0

    1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 91 9 9 0

    CARBON FREE ECONOMY

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    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

    2009 NatioNal raNkiNg

    ghgemissioNs

    percapita

    gdp percapita

    % oftotal

    u.s. gdp

    C a l i fo r n i a 5 12 13%

    T e x a S 37 21 8%

    fl o r i d a 11 37 5%

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. DataSource: Energy Information Admin istrat ion , U.S . Department of

    Energy; Bureau of Economic Analys is , U.S . Department of Commerce;Population Div is ion , U.S . Census Bureau; Californ ia Department ofF inance. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    perceNt chaNge / 2008-2009

    ghgemissioNsper capita

    gdp percapita

    California -4 -4

    T e x a S -7 -6

    florida -6 -2

    u.S. wiTHouT

    California-8 -2

    NatioNal carboNecoNomy raNkiNg

    2009 lowest carboN ecoNomy (emissioNs/gdp)

    new york 1

    ConneCTiCuT 2

    delaware 3

    Ma S S a C Hu S e T T S 4

    California 5

    florida 16

    T e x a S 32

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. DataSource: Energy Information Admin istrat ion , U.S . Department ofEnergy; Bureau of Economic Analys is , U.S . Department of Commerce;Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. DataSource: Energy Information Admin istrat ion , U.S . Department ofEnergy; Bureau of Economic Analys is , U.S . Department of Commerce;Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    THE CARBON ECONOMY IN CALIFORNIA & OTHER STATESCARBON EMISSIONS (METRIC TONS) PER 10,000 DOLLARS GDP ( INFLATION ADJUSTED)

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. *GHG emissions data that a llows for state-leve l comparison is from the Energy Information Administrat ion and is l imited to carbon emissions

    (fossil fue l combustion). Therefore , data represented here d iffers from analyses represented in other charts of tota l GHG emissions for Californ ia . Data Source: Energy Information Administrat ion , U.S . Department

    of Energy; Bureau of Economic Analys is , U.S . Department of Commerce. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    CARBON

    EMISSIONS

    (METRI

    C

    TONS)/

    $10,0

    00

    GDP

    (INFLATION

    ADJUSTED)

    1 0

    9

    8

    7

    6

    5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    0

    1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 91 9 9 0

    TEXAS

    U.S . WITHOUT CALIFORNIA

    FLORIDA

    CALIFORNIA*

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    32/7230D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    Tanspotaton acconts o the agest soce o GHGemssons n Caona (38%), oowed by Eectc Powe

    (23%) and indsta (20%). Togethe, these soces

    epesent 81 pecent o the states tota emssons. The

    Caona A resoces Boad (CArB) coects GHG

    emssons data by dect soce o emssons athe than by

    end-se. The fge on page 31 depcts Caonas GHG

    emssons by detaed soce:

    Transportation 38%: Emssons om a tanspotaton

    soces accont o 38 pecent o Caonas tota GHG

    emssons. Emssons ncde the oowng soces: on-oad

    passenge vehces, on-oad heavy dty tcks, shps & boats,ocomotves, non-oad tanspotaton, and domestc (nta-

    state) avaton. i the emssons om petoem efnng (n

    the ndsta secto) wee ncded, t wod be 44 pecent.

    On-oad passenge vehces accont o 93 pecent o

    tanspotaton emssons.

    Electric Power 23%: in-state eectc powe geneaton

    (ncdng nata gas and othe es) acconts o

    54 pecent o eectc powe emssons, whe the

    emanng 46 pecent s om eectc powe mpots.

    Eectc powe emssons encompass tota emssons

    eated to eectcty geneaton.

    Industrial 20%: roghy 20 pecent o Caonas

    emssons ae om ndsta actvtes. Emssons om

    ndsta soces come om petoem efnng, o & gas

    etacton/sppy, genea e se, cogeneaton heat otpt,cement pants, andfs, and othe pocess emssons.

    Agriculture & Forestry 7%: Emssons om Agcte

    & Foesty accont o seven pecent o Caonas tota

    emssons and ae om vestock, so pepaaton and

    etze appcaton, tactos, agcta pmps & othe e

    se, cop gowth & havestng, and wdfes.

    Residential 6%: GHG emssons om the esdenta secto

    accont o s pecent o tota emssons n the state. GHG

    emssons n the esdenta secto ae om e combston

    om nata gas and othe e se. Fe s bned n ode to

    heat hoses and bdngs, pepae ood, and o hot wate.5

    Commercial 3%: Emssons om commeca e

    combston and cogeneaton heat otpt accont o

    thee pecent o emssons statewde. The vast majoty o

    emssons ae om e combston om nata gas and

    othe e se. Sma to the esdenta secto, e s bned

    n ode to heat bdngs, pepae ood, and o hot wate.

    High Global Warming Potentials (GWP) 3%: Hgh

    GWP and othe GHG emssons make p thee pecent o

    Caonas tota GHG emssons. Fo the pposes o ths

    chat, Hgh GWP s a mease o ozone depetng sbstance

    (ODS) sbstttes emtted n 2009.

    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

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    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

    GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY SOURCE CALIFORNIA 2009

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board, Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory- by Sector and Activ ity . Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    INDUSTRIAL 20 %

    21 %INDUSTRIAL

    RESIDENTIAL 6%

    AGRICULTURE

    & FORESTRY 7%

    HIGH GWP 3%COMMERCIAL 3%

    TRANSPORTATION38 %

    ELECTRIC POWER23 %

    TOTAL CALIFORNIA GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GROSS ANNUAL EMISSIONS

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Note: Gross greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) inc ludes foss il fue l CO2, with e lectr ic imports and international fue ls (carbon d iox ide equiva lents) and

    noncarbon GHG emissions ( in CO2 equiva lents) . Noncarbon GHG emissions are made up of Agricu lture (CH4 and N2O), Soils , ODS substitutes , Semi-conductor manufacture (PFCs), E lectr ic Uti l it ies (SF6). Cement,

    Other Industr ia l Processes, So lid Waste Management, Landfil l Gas, and Wastewater, Methane from oil and gas systems, Methane and N2O from Fossil Fuel Combustion .Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board , Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory- by Sector and Activ ity . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    MILLION

    METRIC

    TONS

    OF

    CO2

    EQUIVALENT

    5 0 0

    4 8 0

    4 6 0

    4 4 0

    4 2 0

    4 0 0

    3 8 0

    3 6 0

    1 9 9 0 1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9

    -6%

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    GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY DETAILED SOURCE CALIFORNIA 2009

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Californ ia A ir Resources Board- Californ ia Greenhouse Gas Inventory-by Sector and Activ ity . Analysis: Collaborative Economics

    MILLION

    METRIC

    TONS

    OF

    C02

    EQUIVALENT

    200

    180

    160

    140

    120

    100

    80

    60

    40

    20

    0

    TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRIAL RESIDENTIAL HIGH GWP COMMERCIALAGRICULTURE &

    FORESTRY

    ELECTRICPOWER

    HEAVY DUTY

    TRUCKS

    RAIL

    SHIPS & COMMERCIAL BOATSAVIATION (INTRASTATE)

    UNSPECIFIED

    IN-STATE

    NATURAL GAS

    UNSPECIFIED

    IMPORTS

    SPECIFIED

    IMPORTS

    IN-STATEOTHER FUELS

    REFINERIESLIVESTOCK

    INDUSTRIAL

    MANUFACTURING

    OIL & GAS

    EXTRACTION

    CEMENT PLANTS

    OTHER PROCESS EMMISIONSWASTEWATER AND SOLID WASTE TREATMENT

    CROP GROWTH & HARVESTINGGENERAL FUEL USE

    WILDFIRE

    LANDFILLSPASSENGER

    VEHICLES COGEN. HEAT OUTPUT

    T H e C a r bo n e C o n o M y

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    Foowng the enegy css n the 1970s, Caona has

    mpemented a nmbe o eots that have ested n

    mpovng enegy efcency and asng enegy podctvty

    n the state. Eectve enegy consevaton eots, sch

    as contnng to ase bdng and appance efcency

    standads have not jst yeded cost savngs o Caonans,

    these eots have mpoved the esence and compettve

    advantage o bsnesses n the state.

    Enegy podctvty, meased as the ato o enegy

    consmed (npts) to GDP (economc otpt), was 64 pecent

    hghe n Caona than n the est o the conty n 2009.

    in othe wods, Caona podced $2.35 o GDP o evey

    10,000 Btsh Thema unts (BTu) o enegy consmed. in

    compason, the est o the u.S. podced $1.43 o GDP o

    evey 10,000 BTu o enegy consmed.

    Snce 1990, enegy podctvty nceased 37 pecent n

    Caona and 35 pecent n the est o the conty. Most

    ecenty, om 2008 to 2009, enegy podctvty nceased

    ha o a pecent n Caona and o pecent n the est o

    the unted States.

    Enegy efcency contnes to mpove n Caona as

    demonstated n ts pe capta consmpton. reatve to

    1970, the states pe capta consmpton dopped by 24 pecent.

    Natonay, pe capta consmpton dopped beow 1970 eves n

    2009 o the fst tme snce the ecesson o the 1980s.

    Despte these gans, tota enegy consmpton has contned

    to gow, dven pmay by popaton gowth. The ecent

    economc downtn has tggeed a dop snce 2007.

    Pe capta eectcty consmpton n Caona has emaned

    cose to 1990 eves, doppng dng peods o economc

    decne. in 2010 pe capta consmpton was thee pecent

    beow 1990 eves. Tota eectcty consmpton s anothe

    stoy as the states popaton has gown by 26 pecent snce

    1990. Ate peakng n 2008, 27 pecent above 1990 eves,

    tota eectcty consmpton n 2010 was 22 pecent above

    consmpton eves n 1990.

    e ne rG y e f f ICIe nCy

    ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY GDP RELATIVE TO TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION / CALIFORNIA & REST OF THE U.S.

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. D ata Source: U.S . Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration; U.S . Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic AnalysisAnalysis: Collaborative Economics

    ENERGY

    PRODUCTIVITY:

    GDP

    (MIL

    LIONS

    OF

    2010

    DOLLARS)

    RELATIVE

    TO

    ENERGY

    CONSUM

    PTION

    (TRILLION

    BTU)

    2 5 0

    2 0 0

    1 5 0

    1 0 0

    5 0

    0

    1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 91 9 9 0

    CALIFORNIA

    REST OF THE U .S .

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    Snce 2008, tota eectcty consmpton dopped by 3.6pecent and pe capta consmpton e 4.9 pecent. Ths dop

    n eectcty consmpton s de n pat to ecent economc

    condtons casng owe pesona ncome gowth and

    owe ndsta and commeca secto otpt.6

    Addtonay,

    nceased bdng and appance enegy efcency pogams

    have mpacted statewde enegy consmpton.7

    The Commeca secto, the agest consme, acconted o

    37 pecent o eectcty consmpton n the state n 2010,

    oowed cosey by the resdenta secto wth 32 pecent. The

    indsta secto consmed 15 pecent and Agcta secto

    consmed eght pecent o tota eectcty n the state n 2010.

    Whe eectcty ates ae hghe n Caona, becase o the

    states hgh efcency standads o bdngs and appances

    and tty enegy efcency pogams, aveage eectcty

    bs ae actay owe than n most othe states. in addton,

    Caonas eectcty bs have decned moe than most

    states snce 1990. Caona mantans aveage monthy

    esdenta eectcty bs that ae owe than 42 states, even

    whe ates ae hghe than 41 states.

    resdenta eectcty bs n Caona ae 23 pecent owethan the est o the naton. The aveage monthy esdenta

    eectcty b n Caona dopped s pecent, om 91 doas

    n 1990 to 85 doas n 2010. Caonas aveage monthy

    esdenta eectc bs emaned 26 doas owe than the

    natona aveage n 2010.

    How mch o a states economc otpt that goes towad

    payng o eectcty costs oes an ndcaton o the

    economys enegy podctvty? Money not spent on enegy

    costs, whethe by a hosehod, bsness o pbc entty, can

    be nvested n capta pgades that boost podctvty o can

    be nvested n the ceaton o new jobs. in 2010, Caonasstatewde eectcty b eqated to 1.8 pecent o the tota

    state economy (GDP) compaed wth 2.4 pecent n 1990.

    The statewde eectcty bs o othe age states ae mch

    hghe. in Foda t eqates to 3.3 pecent o the economy,

    and n Teas the pecentage o GDP spent on eectcty costs

    eqates to 2.8 pecent. Natonay, eectcty cost eqated to

    2.7 pecent o GDP n 2010.

    D A S H B O A r D i N D i C A TO r S

    enerGy effiCienCy

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    TOTAL ENERGY C ONSUMPTION R ELATIVE TO 1970

    TOTAL CONSUMPTION & PER CAPITA / CALIFORNIA & REST OF THE U.S.

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Energy Information Administration , U.S . Department of Energy; Population Div is ion , U.S . Census Bureau; Californ ia Department of F inanceAnalysis: Collaborative Economics

    INDEXED

    TO

    1970

    (100

    =

    197

    0

    VALUES)

    1 6 0

    1 5 0

    1 4 0

    1 3 0

    1 2 0

    1 1 0

    1 0 0

    9 0

    8 0

    7 0

    1 9 7 5 1 9 8 0 1 9 9 5 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 51 9 7 0

    CALIFORNIA TOTAL CONSUMPTION

    REST OF U .S . TOTAL CONSUMPTION

    REST OF U .S . PER CAPITA

    CALIFORNIA PER CAPITA

    1 9 9 0 2 0 0 91 9 8 5

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    enerGy effiCienCy

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    ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION RELATIVE TO 1990 TOTAL & PER CAPITA / CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: U.S . Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration; The Californ ia D epartment of F inance. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    INDEXED

    TO

    1990

    (100

    =

    1990

    VALUES)

    130

    125

    120

    115

    110

    105

    100

    95

    90

    1995 2000

    TOTAL

    PER CAPITA

    201020051990

    electricity prices aNd bills(iNflatioN adjusted) by sectorcaliforNia aNd the rest of the u.s.

    price(ceNts per

    kwh)average moNthly bill

    2010 1990 2010% chaNge

    1990-2010

    reSidenTialCalifornia $0.15 $91 $85 -6%

    reST of THe u.S. $0.12 $103 $111 8%

    induSTrialCalifornia $0.10 $15,41 2 $5,526 -64%

    reST of THe u.S. $0.07 $15,75 1 $14,9 74 -5%

    CoMMerCialCalifornia $0.14 $781 $752 -4%

    reST of THe u.S. $0.11 $605 $674 11%

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Note: Price statist ics for the U.S . withoutCaliforn ia are the national average price . Data Source: Energy Information Admin istrat ion , U.S . Departmentof Energy. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BY SECTORCOMMERCIAL, RESIDEN TIAL, INDUSTRIAL, AGRICULTURAL,

    TCU, OTHER (BY GWH) / 2010

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX: *Other inc ludes Street L ighting and Min ingData Source: Californ ia Energy Commission . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    INDUSTRIAL

    15 %

    RESIDENTIAL 32 %

    AGRICULTURE 8%

    OTHER*3%

    COMMERCIAL 37 %

    TC U 5%

    COMMUNICATIONS

    UTILITY)

    (TRANSPORTATION,

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    CALIFORNIA RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION GIGAWATT HOURS BY SOURCE

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Data Source: Californ ia Energy Commission . Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    GIGAWATTHOURS

    40 ,000

    35 ,000

    30 ,000

    25 ,000

    20 ,000

    15 ,000

    10 ,000

    5 ,000

    0

    20102005 2006 2007 2008 20092002 2003 2004

    SOLAR

    SMALL HYDRO

    BIOMASS

    WIND

    GEOTHERMAL

    +3 3%

    califorNias iou reNewable eNergy geNeratioN

    perceNtage of total eNergy geNeratioN

    iNvestor owNed utilities 2003 2010 2011

    PaCifiC GaS & eleCTriC CoMPany 11.5% 17.7% 19.4%

    San dieGo GaS & eleCTriC CoMPany 3.7% 11.9% 21%

    SouTHern California ediSon 16.6% 19.9% 21%

    r e n e w a bl e e n e r G y

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    Snce 2002 Caonas enegy geneaton om enewabe

    soces has nceased 33 pecent, and t s pojected to

    contne stong gowth nto the nea te. Fom 2009 to

    2010, enegy geneaton om enewabe soces nceased

    11.2 pecent, makng the agest pecentage gowth n a

    gven yea ove the obsevabe tme peod.

    Wnd geneaton nceased moe than theeod n the ongn and jmped 44 pecent om 2009 to 2010. Whe

    decnng sghty n 2010, geothema enegy geneaton

    contbtes the second agest pecentage o tota enewabe

    enegy geneaton n the state, cosey ta ng wnd enegy.

    Next 10 califorNia greeN iNNovatioN iNdex. Data Source: Californ ia Public Util it ies Commission .Analys is: Collaborative Economics

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    renewable enerGy

    |

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    RISK PROFILE OF FORECASTED RPS GENERATION BASED ON EXECUTED CONTRACTS CALIFORNIA

    NEXT 10 CALIFORNIA GREEN INNOVATION INDEX. Note: Chart provides a forecast of IOU RPS generation from online pro jects and a ll executed RPS contracts as reported in the August

    2011 RPS Compliance F il ings. I n November 2008, Governor Schwarzenegger s igned an Executive Order to accelerate the RPS target t o 33% by 2020. This was later s i gned into law in April 2011.Data Source: Californ ia Public Util i t ies Commission , Renewables Portfo lio Standard Quar terly Report, 3rd Q uarter 2011. Analys is: Collaborative Economics

    MWH(THOUSANDS)

    70 ,000

    60 ,000

    50 ,000

    40 ,000

    30 ,000


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