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351 REASEARCH

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RESEARCH ABOUT MIDDLE INCOME HOUSES
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PROJECT PROPOSAL Prepared for: Dr. Zeniab Shafick Prepared by: Aya Saleh Abdallah Date: Proposal #: 4
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P RO J E C T   P ROPO SA L  Prepared  for:   Dr.  Zeniab  Shafick  Prepared  by:  Aya  Saleh  Abdallah    Date:      Proposal  #:   4    

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Table of content

I. Design objective: statement of purposes and goals

II. User profile ………………………………………….5-11 III. Case studies

i. International case study ………………………….11-13 ii. Local case study 1…………………………………..14- 24 iii. Local case study 2…………………………………25-32

IV. Site selection a. The site

i. Site analysis……………………………..32-38 • The purpose of choosing it • Dimensions

• Accessibility • Context • View

• Site topography • Conclusion

ii. Site planning and zoning………………39 iii. Activity program

b. Space program i. Bedrooms ii. Living room iii. Dining Room iv. Bathroom v. Kitchen

V. Design concept and identity………..44-45 VI. Mood board…………………….46-47 VII. Inspiration………………………48 VIII. References

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I. Design objective: statement of purposes and goals:

Working Village is a creative event and work space designed to meet the different needs of micro businesses, freelancers, home-office workers, entrepreneurs, start-ups, tech workers, writers, designers and other savvy professionals. Urban village make a city more sustainable, i.e. more efficient, equitable and livable. Urban villages can perhaps best be understood by simply describing the key characteristics, which constitute their coherent design strategy.

Characteristics of urban villages The key characteristics of urban villages are:

• High density land uses so that everything within the 'village' is

within walking and cycling distance

• Mixed land use with offices, shops, businesses and community

facilities on main spines or in nodes, surrounded by

residential development (housing and working)

• Considerable landscaping, including gardens on top of buildings and on balconies and attractive

gardens in the public spaces (social gathering and

interaction)

• A mixture of public, private or cooperative housing with an

emphasis wherever possible on families and hence large

internal dwelling spaces and spacious community areas(

mix different social classes together to help each other)

• Extensive provision for children, such as playgrounds, and

other safe and creative kinds of play space in good view of

dwellings

• Recreational opportunities such as sporting facilities

(swimming pool, tennis courts, indoor sports etc);

• Community facilities such as schools, libraries, childcare centers, aged centers, recreation

centers and in some cases small urban farms. If these facilities are not within the village

they are always nearby;

• Public spaces with strong design features (water, street

furniture, sculptures, playgrounds)

• A high degree of self-sufficiency for the community for local

needs, but with good rail and bus links to the wider city

for employment, higher education and so on.

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EXAMPLE 1: Social interaction at these villages:

In the public spaces of Arabella Park there is a lot of social interaction with people of all ages on foot and bike making use of the greened boulevards and market areas to talk and relax. Some of the urban design elements such as small areas of running water and sculptures provide useful focal points for activity. There is also a steady stream of business people walking through the area. The number of parents and grandparents with children on bikes and playing in the public areas is particularly striking.

PHOTO 6 Public spaces in Arabella Park is rich in human interaction and provides equality of access for all ages.

Working and housing in villages:

The general physical planning principles in Stockholm on which these centers are based can be summarized as follows (Stockholm’s Stads byggnadskontor, 1972): • Site workplaces close to houses; • Minimize distance from houses to shops; • Concentrate service functions in easily accessible areas and make • Premises easily convertible to meet new service needs as times change; • Create housing variety from low 2 storey dwellings with good ground contact; • 4-6 storey’s around courtyards; and 10 - 13 storey’s near stations; • Urban environment to have rich variations in form and color; • Multi-family housing no more than 500m walk to station; • Single family housing no more than 300m from a bus stop; • A bus-rail interchange in all communities and; Centers to be linked and permeated by a coherent

network of foot and bicycle facilities separated from roads with the convenience of invalid users in mind.

Result of these villages:

1. Equality 2. All citizens will be equal as the doctor

has his son or daughter in the school, which hires a teacher. As the teacher will need an engineer to build his house. And vice versa. So no one is higher than the other and all of them complete a one community.

3. Unity 4. Achievement 5. Full employment 6. Educated citizens

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II. Users profile:

General characteristics:

Identity:

• Young generation now has identity and has the choice to choose their lifestyle, place to live, place to work, and proper living conditions.

• This may reflect on their choices for housing as well.

• They may need quiet, simple, or restful house. • Others may seek unique and dynamic house. • But both should choose the style, theme, structure,

and the facilities of the place they live at. • After the change of January 25th, youth started to have different characteristics. We can

imply these characteristics from photos of youth who was there and joined the revolution. • These are photos reveal different

characteristics of the Egyptian new generation.

1. User profile: “Missing Beauty”

As for last 3o years, Egyptians miss beauty in everything. They lost beauty in their work, life, houses, and the beauty of soul. Thus, after the revolution we have to return back each one’s beauty. Thus, each one will have different beauty. In other words, everyone has a dream to do, work, or practice any habit has to do it. Thus, in this project, I will design a whole small urban village to enhance the housing conditions with workshops that people ay use it to achieve their dreams beside their houses. These workshops will basically produce small products made from some habits. These habits people should pay more attention to how to benefit from them. Thus, my project will help people to own or share in one workshop or studio to produce what they really want to produce and them exhibit it in the exhibition halls /showrooms to those who live close to them “Katemya heights”. However, I will specify on one client who is the “ The Fashion designer”. This user should have a studio/gallery to work and show his work. In addition, a place for the user’s clients should be provided there. This studio will be shared one between two neighbors.

General Client characteristics:

1. Working men and women (equality in nation and rights)

2. Youth starting their work life. 3. Youth need to marry and work. 4. Security& safety. 5. Social interaction with culture limits. 6. Privacy. 7. Equality

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8. Targeting small families. 9. Mixture of (high) middle class and (low) middle class. 10. Working in workshops.

Specific characteristics of the user: 1. Age: starting 20-22 2. Status: single or recently married 3. Working men and women 4. Working in Art, architecture, or design 5. Need private and quite life. 6. Need social interaction in spare time 7. Needs large space in the workshop. 8. Needs spaces to exhibit their work 9. No need for a big kitchen as the wife is working 10. Hours at home: from 10-12 hours 11. Hours at work: may be more than 12 hours 12. Style: modern

Activities:

Man and woman:

• Working in a small-attached studio or office. • Sleeping • Watching television • Sitting on the computer (internet) • Reading books • Eating • Sitting and playing with his kids • Sitting in the garden • Cooking

Kids:

• Studying • Playing • Sleeping • Reading (maybe) • Sitting on the computer

Statement:

Fashion Designers spend most of their time working in studios interacting with designers to discuss the latest fashion; for this to happen they need to feel that they are connected to the studio personally and emotionally in order to be encouraged to stay there for long hours.

Users needs in their homes:

1. Depends on the specialist of the owner of the house, we can decide on the usage of the space. For example: an architect may need a studio or gallery in his house.

2. living rooms that had a television and playing area for a kid 3. Lounges and gardens to gather in home and outside

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4. Bedrooms 5. Office/small studio that has a computer for the user to work individually. 6. A small kitchen in which the working woman doesn’t have long time for cooking 7. Modern houses 8. Technology

Users needs in the shared studio:

• Enhancing the sense of belonging inside the studio. • Creating an environment that encourages group work and individual as well. • The availability of a place to leave their equipments and projects safely. • The availability of an appropriate lighting system. • The need for some sort of vending machines that would allow the architects to have a quick

snack or drink during their long working hours. • Display areas for the projects and exhibition room. • Availability of sockets for the computers and electrical devices. • Availability of different types of seats and desks (Fixed and movable) for flexibility. • Shelves with important architectural books. • A projector to display the work and examples of different works. • Good circulation inside the studio so that they would be able to navigate easily with each

other. • A client place should be available for presenting work. • Comfortable seats. • White boards.

Interviews:

Personal information:

1. Name: 2. Major: 3. Job: 4. Age: 5. Status: 6. Working or not: 7. Lifestyle: 8. Hobbies: 9. Activities done in your house:

After the Revolution:

1. Opinion about the revolution 25th of Jan: 2. What do you think about Technology and is it important or not after what happened on 25th

of Jan? What should we do to enhance it? 3. Changes you want to see at Egypt after the revolution:

Needs in your future house after the changes occurred in the revolution:

1. Needs in your future house: 2. Biggest Concerns at your house: 3. Do you want Social interaction in your housing community: 4. Do you want privacy in your housing community? 5. What do you plan for your Future in terms of housing and job?

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Interview  #  1  

Personal information:

1. Name: Engineer  Mohamed  Gohar  

2. Job: An architecture engineer

3. Age: Born in 1988 – (23 years old)

4. Status: Single

5. Working or not: working at Magium company for architectural design

6. Lifestyle: Liberal, sociable, love hang out with friends,

7. Hobbies: design, Drawing

8. Activities: listen to music, watching T.V, watching videos and movies on my computer,

handing out with my friends, sometimes working on my computer at home

After the Revolution: 1. Opinion about the revolution 25th of Jan:

I participated in the 25th of Jan revolution as I had a goal to reach, which is a new developed country. I see this revolution as a successful one because we achieved what we want to achieve not only politically but also socially. The great social change that took place in the Tahrir Square is considered to be one of the greatest achievements of the revolution.

2. What do you think about Technology and is it important or not after what happened on 25th of Jan? What should we do to enhance it? We should spread technology and may be constitute a certain education system for it, as it becomes one of the most important elements in our lives.

3. Changes you want to see at Egypt after the revolution: More job chances, better education, better houses, knowledge, spread of awareness and technology education.

Needs in your future house after the changes occurred in the revolution: 1. Needs in your future house:

A place to work on my projects at home, a place to meet my friends at my home,

2. Biggest Concerns at your house: I want some free space for working at home like an office to draw by hand and using computer.

3. Do you want Social interaction in your housing community: I spent three days in the Tahrir Square and what I really noticed that people there are really love talking, helping and knowing each other. All the social classes are interacting together without any restrictions regarding the social gap between them. I think the government is the one who made the fear between the two classes. I think we should now consider the social interaction in our housing design, as it will play an important role in developing the social network.

4. Do you want privacy in your housing community?

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I think we need privacy now in the house from inside as between the living room and the bedroom. But we should achieve privacy with social gathering at home.

5. What do you plan for your Future in terms of housing and job?

After the revolution I started to think in a different way for my future. I need a safe house. I became more care about social interaction between people as it felt the taste of it at el tahrir square. I need a shared garden that I can meet my neighbors and know each other. I need more green areas because we miss the beauty of the green areas for the last decades. As I am a sociable person, I will accept guests and friends at my house. We may take a lunch, watch T.V together, or may work together at home. Regarding the job, I want to establish a separate company for architecture designs, as I love architecture.

Analysis:

Needs:

• Social interaction through a shared garden between the neighbors. • Safe house • A place to work at his house. • Living room for guests and W.C

Interview  #  2  

Personal information:

1. Name: Norhan  Mohamed

2. Major: Art  major

3. Job: just  graduated  (still  no  work)

4. Age: Born  in  1989  –  (22  years  old)

5. Status: engaged

6. Working or not: I  didn’t  find  a  job  yet

7. Lifestyle: Liberal,  like  to  life  a  quite  place,  not  sociable

8. Hobbies:  fashion  designing,  drawing

9. Activities: drawing  ,  listen  to  music,  watching  Reading  magazines,  sport

After the Revolution:

1. Opinion about the revolution 25th of Jan: I  believe  that  the  changes  that  happened  after  25th  of  Jan  will  affect  the  whole  socio-­‐economic  growth.  Thus,  the  upper,  middle,  and  the  lower  income  class  should  have  their  complete  needs  in  terms  of  living  conditions,  housing,  jobs  and  education.  I  think  that  the  Standards of beauty have changed after the revolution.

2. What do you think about Technology and is it important or not after what happened on 25th of Jan? What should we do to enhance it? Technology  is  important  to  me  as  I  use  a  lot  of  research  to  find  the  latest  models  and  the  photos  of  new  models.  

3. Changes you want to see at Egypt after the revolution:

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pay  more  attention  to  the  hobbies  that  can  be  productive.  

Needs in your future house after the changes occurred in the revolution: 6. Biggest Concerns at your house:

I want some free space for working at home like an office to draw by hand and using computer.

7. Do you want Social interaction in your housing community: Although  I  need  some  privacy  in  my  house,  I  like  to  sit  with  my  close  friends  or  neighbors.  Thus,  we  may  need  a  small-­‐shared  garden  or  a  space  to  interact  with  others.  However,  I  want  a  larger  garden  for  my  own  house.  

8. Do you want privacy in your housing community?                          I  like  to  life  in  a  private  world  away  from  the  outer  world  as  I  can  concentrate  on  my  work.  

9. What do you plan for your Future in terms of housing and job?

• I  want  a  quiet  place  to  live  and  work  with  my  fashion  drawings.  • I  want  a  privacy    • I  want  green  areas  around  me  • I  want  to  live  next  to  club  to  practice  sport  • I  don’t  care  about  cooking,  so  I  want  a  small  kitchen  • I  want  a  studio  or  an  office  that  has  tables  to  work  on  my  design    • I  want  a  pin-­‐up  board  to  show  my  work  • I  want  an  exhibition  hall  to  show  and  buy  by  design  • I  want  only  two  kids,  so  I  only  need  1  children  bedroom  • I  want  a  big  family  living  room  as  I  love  the  family  gatherings  

Interview  #  3  

Personal information:

1. Name: Hesham Ezz el Din Abou Shanab

2. Major: business

3. Job: student (junior)

4. Age: 20 5. Status: Single

6. Working or not: I  didn’t  find  a  job  yet

7. Lifestyle: modern

8. Hobbies:   play station

9. Activities: cooking, studying, watching T.V. , working on my laptop, eating, playing with

my little sister.

After the Revolution:

1. Opinion about the revolution 25th of Jan: Totally with it

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2. What do you think about Technology and is it important or not after what

happened on 25th of Jan? What should we do to enhance it? Technology is a very important thing in our lives need it in all ways either its about science or about connecting to each other.

3. Changes you want to see at Egypt after the revolution: Ethics

Needs in your future house after the changes occurred in the revolution: 1. Biggest Concerns at your house:

To be classy 2. Do you want Social interaction in your housing community:

Absolutely

3.  Do you want privacy in your housing community?  

Definitely I do

4. What do you plan for your Future in terms of housing and job?

Having a respectable job

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III. Case studies

i. International case study

Cabrini-Green Housing Complex:

Constructed: 1942–1962

Demolished: 1996

Era:

The Cabrini-Green development began on Chicago’s North Side in 1942 with row houses named for St. Frances Xavier Cabrini, the Roman Catholic patron saint of immigrants. A few years later, high-rises and mid-rises were added. Eventually Cabrini housed as many as 13,000 people.

The architect:

Le Corbusier

Design criteria:

Le Corbusier’s “Plan V ision” for the 1st Arrondissement in Paris, involved leveling nearly two square miles of historic buildings, and reconfiguring the organic street grid in order to design the modern city. He planned to replace the dense urban fabric with 18 high-rise apartment complexes, which would provide enormous residential density, while continuing to offer residences with light, air and open space.

His objective:

• Le Corbusier, much like other modern architects and planners, was designing in reaction to the conditions of the 19th Century industrial city; where poverty, disease, congestion, and cruel living conditions were the trademark of developed, industrial cities.

• Le Corbusier was offering a new form of living

environment, which would address these ills. • However, Le Corbusier’s designs led to other problems

associated with high-rise living, such as: social isolation, the concentration of poverty, and the homogeneity of land uses. • North Americans are all to familiar with the housing

projects that adopted Le Corbusier’s urban renewal design principles; which are presently being demolished (such as Cabrini-Green in Chicago) or redeveloped (like Regent Park in Toronto). • Le Corbusier was taken with how technology and

modernity could be used to transform the way we live;

This is a Plan Vision for the 1st

Arrondissement in Paris, which

represents the design of a large

modern city.  

Paris' 1st Arrondissement

The master plan of the whole project is very condensed and

has many buildings beside each other. I don’t see the light

air and open spaces that mention above in this master plan,

as I only see many buildings put beside each other without

any organization concept .  

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however, he failed to understand how design impacts the way we experience the city. • He was attempting to play social engineer, and

unfortunately for those who have lived in Le Corbusier inspired projects, he failed miserably.

Few projects stand out in the American imagination like Chicago’s Cabrini-Green. Built at the peak of Modernism’s popularity in architecture and urban design, the housing project was designed to be a glistening example of urban planning’s power to overcome the chaos of the urban slum. By the 80’s and 90’s, a short few decades later, it came to symbolize everything that was wrong with inner-city America: drugs, poverty, crime, teen pregnancy—you name it.

Failure of the housing project: Although the CHA (Chicago Housing Authority) had all the best intentions for Cabrini-Green and its residents, ultimately the potent cocktail of low income families, high unemployment rates, drugs, gangs and the high concentration of people in such a small area has left the public housing sector in Chicago and even America with a nasty hangover. Pros and Cons:

Pros Cons

Private houses High-rising building

Offer houses with low prices Caused isolation

New poor urban city Increases the crime rates

Gangs and grugs became out of control

CONCLUSION:

We can imply from this that isolated building can be positive in terms of achieving privacy for the citizen; however, it may cause chaos that results on crimes and violence activities. Thus, we can achieve privacy for each unit and at the same time give more attention to social

interaction between people and increase the security for safety.

This example will help my design in achieving private apartments but a the same time we have to care about the safety of the citizens and give them the chance to interact with each other.

Chicago's Cabrini Green A  close  up  image  of  the  high-­‐raised  building  that  Le  Corbusier  decided  to  construct.  However,  these  buildings  cause  some  negative  effects  such  as  social  isolation,  the  concentration  of  poverty,  and  the  homogeneity  of  land  uses.    

 

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ii. Local case study 1 Sanabel - Youth Residential

Location: • Sanabel Is Uniquely Placed In Hadayek Al Ahram, Which Is 10 Minutes Away From Al

Remaya Square, 3 K.Ms Away From Al Wahat Road, 2 Kms Away From Cairo - Al Fayoum Road Till Station And Near All The Roads Leading To 6Th Of October City And Giza.

• In Sixth of October, and an area of 31 acres, is

proud to Mena Housing future commitment to providing the latest youth housing projects in Egypt, the draft Sanabel youth population. The project is characterized Active unique, which is located near all roads passages leading to and from the Sixth of October City, and a distance of 3 kilometers from the road oases and 2 kilometers from the Fayoum road this site to make the draft ears close to many places Entertainment of hotels, clubs and restaurants also the service projects of schools, universities and hospitals.

Design Criteria:

• Optimal exploitation of space is the slogan of the city of Sanabel, all units have been designed with the utmost precision to take advantage of the total area to the fullest to ensure the occupants comfort and luxury.

• It is The Biggest Youth Housing Project In Egypt. This Economically Efficient Project Is Built On 31 Acres With 12 Acres Designated To Parks And Recreational Areas And Four Acres Of Services That Include A Shopping Mall, Cinema, Sports And Entertaining Areas And Parking Areas.

Project Design: The project includes all the needs of residents of places dedicated to the services on an area of 4 acres inside the area of sports, and shopping center. In a serious attempt to improve the standard of living inside the ears, the proportion was allocated 12% of the project for the Reading Festival and picnic areas for residents. This addition to the internal planning of the project studied carefully, which provides all means of safety for individuals, and comfort in movement from one place to another. Also the omission of spaces we can wait and cars, which would save time and effort for all residents of the project.

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Master Plan:

Analysis of the master Plan: • There are two main streets one on

the left and the other on the right (represents the red circle 1, 2).

• There are two building modules sample A and sample B. each sample has a four different apartments designs.

• Each sample either A or B is grouped beside each other either group of 4 or 5.

• At the middle of each 4 groups of sample, there is a street that comes from the main street (3)

• The units are organized in a curve shape. • Although the arrangement of the buildings is organized and put in an interesting way, there

are no enough public spaces beside each house and the other. All the public spaces are put in on middle place, which is in the facilities area.

• However, I think that if we disturbed the area of the facilities into parts and put beside 5 groups of buildings a large garden it may be better for social interaction.

• The facilities and services are put in one middle zone to be used for the whole compound.

Facilities and services: 1. Commercial Center: Due to the importance of malls our lives trendy because they provide diversity assignee and services under one roof, which would save time and effort to those who frequented, we have designed a commercial center on an area of 5000 meters in the space allocated for services to the project, and includes spaces wait cars, ground floor and the first and second The center includes commercial shops and exhibitions for those who wish to start and manage his personal shop next to the his residence and also includes a complex of cinemas. 2. Area sports: Health will not be a prerequisite to have fun with life, we have allocated to the exercise area of 10000 meters high contains many active playgrounds devoted to various sports, including football playgrounds, basketball and tennis. There are also areas devoted to active sports like walking and swimming and also built a Club House on the area of 500 square meters ground floor and first. Purity of the air , many of you can enjoy the breeze, which distinguishes this region from other residential areas other. Elevations: The different of protrusion in the façade gives more privacy to the balconies.

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Plans: Sample A: Space distrubution: (approximated by the researcher)

1. 1 master bedroom = 3.7* 3.648

2. 1 bedroom = 3.440*3.273 3. terrace =1.151*3.490 4. 1 bathroom =2.228*2.346 5. 1 kitchen = 2.812*2.607 6. living and dining room =

5.119*3.490 7. Corridor=1.168*1.315 8. Entrance lobby distrbution

=2.655*1.358 Usage of Space diagram:

Bubble Diagram: Good relationships: ✔The relation between the entrance and the kitchen ✔The relation between the kitchen and the dining room ✔The relation between the terrace and the living room ✔The relation between the entrance and the bedrooms ✔The relation between the bathroom and the bedrooms Bad relationships: ✗ The relation between the guest’s bathroom and the living and dining room

41%  

9%  

29%  

7%  

12%  2%  

Space  Distribution  

Bedrooms  

Bathroom  

living  and  dining  room  

Terrace  

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Circulation:

• A cross circulation between the bathroom and the dining room

• A good circulation between the entrance and the kitchen and the living room

Zoning: The zoning is good in this sample except for the position of the bathroom in the private zone as it may be disturbing for a guest to enter the private zone. Linkage diagram:

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Sample B: Space distrubution: (approximated by the researcher) 1. bedroom =3.218*4.272 2. 3. bedroom = 15.6 4. terrace =2.210*1.671 5. 1 bathroom =2.302*2.730 6. 1 kitchen =2.705*1.410 7. living and dining room =

7.117* 3.443 Usage of Space diagram:

Bubble Diagram: Good Relationships: ✔The relationship between the entrance an the kitchen ✔The relation between the kitchen and the dining ✔The relation ship between the terrace and the living Bad relationships: ✗The relation between the bedrooms and the entrance ✗The relation between the bathroom and the dining room Circulation: • This flat has the most cross circulation that occurs clearly when

we come in from the entrance to reach the bedrooms.

• The arrangement of furniture here causes this cross circulation as the small library in front of the entrance make it hard to reach the living and the bedrooms directly.

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• A good circulation exists between the kitchen and the

dining room, and the entrance and the kitchen. And the living and terrace.

Zoning:

• As we can see here, the public zone and private zone are intersecting together which means that this apartment fail to achieve the concept of the privacy to the users.

• The bathroom position is bad, as the guest must pass in front of the bedroom and through the corridor of the private zone to reach the bathroom.

Linkage diagram:

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Sample C: Space distrubution: (approximated by the researcher)

1. 1 master bedroom =20.44 2. 1 bedroom = 12.1 3. terrace =5.08 4. 1 bathroom =4.9 5. 1 kitchen =5.8

6. living and dining room = 17 7. Corridor=1.95 8. Entrance lobby= 6.02

Usage of Area:

Bubble Diagram: Good relationships:

✔kitchen and dining ✔bedroom and bathroom ✔terrace and living room

Bad relationships: ✗guest’s toliet and living room› ✗the entrance and the bedrooms

Circulation:

• Cross circulation

• The circulation of the flat has some negative and cross circulation.

For example the circulation of the bath and the living room has a cross circulation.

Good    

Bad  

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• The position of the bathroom in the private zone causes disturbance to the privacy of the users as it is directly overlooks the bedroom. Thus if there is a guest and wants to use the bathroom, he/she will cross the private zone which includes the bedroom.

• A positive thing to be

considering is the long entrance lobby, which is, can achieve a sort of privacy for the users.

Zoning:

• The zoning is disturbed well as the private zone’s activities are separated from the public’s ones.

• However, the guests’ toilet should be in the public zone for more privacy and people must pass through the living room to reach the bedrooms.

Ventilation: The ventilation is good as the kitchen, bathroom, and the bedrooms are ventilated well. Linkage Diagram:

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Sample D: Space distrubution: (approximated by the researcher)

1. 1 master bedroom =3.2*3.84 2. 1 bedroom = 4.169*3.193 3. terrace =3.623*1.435 4. 1 bathroom =2.125*1945 5. 1 kitchen =3.176*1.619 6. living and dining room =

3.025*3.623 7. Entrance lobby=1.945*1.455

Usage of Space diagram:

Bubble Diagram: Good realtionships: ✔The relation betweenthe bathroom and the Living and dining room ✔The relation between the living and the dining room and the terrace. Bad realtionships: ✗The realtion between the entrance and the Kitchen ✗The realation between the entrane and the bedrooms ✗The realtion between the bedrooms and the bathroom

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Circulation: • Very bad circulation • There is a great cross

circulation between the bedrooms and the bathrooms.

• There is also a great cross circultion between the entrance and the bedrooms

Zoning:

• There is a bad zoning as the apratment lost the concept of the public zone verus the private zone.

• The position of kitchen right in front of the entrance is very bad as any guest can see clealy what happens in the kitchen.

• The position of the bathroom beside the kitchen and the enrance and away from bedrooms is very bad realtion. If there is any guest, users will not be able to use the bathroom unless they pass through the living room.

Linkage diagram:

Pro Cons

High efficiency of using spaces No social interaction

Affordable price There is no workshop, studio, office or gallery

Facilities like clubs and malls Small personal spaces

Rooms are small

No variety in plans (typical plans)

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iii. Local case study 3: Neighborhood Alosamarat • The Urban residential community integrated

in a new way. On a high hill, which has clean environment free from pollution.

• Where independent villas on the land of independent private ownership of a private license.

• The first foreign university in Egypt and also produced five schools in different languages in addition to Azahari Institute of Languages.

• The four hospitals in all disciplines at different levels.

• It includes five commercial centers flat 53,000 square meters and having all kinds of commercial services. Available include the mosques of all religious activities.

• The security fence area around the city's electronic gates connected to all units to contact them. • Distributed by the ten clubs within the city area so that each serving its own club and this club as

well as the main serving the entire city. • By service stations and fuel reserve them all the necessary services for cars. Map: Location: The city was chosen to ensure the genius of its existence Surrounding road network providing easy access between the city and Maadi Nasr.

Features Alasamarat: 1 - Security services: - 10 electronic gates for each residential area - ID card to enter the compound handed over to individuals or the city's population 2 - Instructional Services: There are complex educational services within the insulated wall of the compound. - 4 schools with - Institute of Azahari languages - Egyptian Foreign University 3 - Commercial Service:

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- Outside the Wall of the compound, there is a Hyper 1 Market - There is a shopping mall within the compound to serve the population - There are 2 gasoline has all the specialist services 4 - Religious Services: - Mosques within the compound + mosque to accommodate the founder of twenty thousand prayer + learning the rules of religion and the Quran 5 - health services: - There are 2 hospitals, one inside and second outside the compound 6 - Services Entertainment: - There is a major club on an area of 12 acres - 10 Clubs Mini Club - All Club Mini Club serves the residential area - Inside the Club Mini Club - Green space - Swimming Pool - Building social - Inside the building Jacuzzi - SPA - Sauna - Room C - Office of the hotel services 7 - hotel services: - There is the hotel towers belonging to the company - Office of the hotel services will serve residents of the residential and the box provides the following services 1 - Booking a Flight 2 - House Keeping 3 - Landry 4 - service business 5 - meet all the requests for residents of the area of

maintenance and electricity or water

Major club  

Mini Club  

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SAMPLES OF APARTMENTS: SAMPLE 1: Flat area of 150 m2 with 3 bedrooms + 1 living room and dining + 2 halls distribution + kitchen + toilet + bath + 2 terraces

Space distribution:

1. Living Room= 4×6.02 meters

2. Master bedroom= 4.42×4.45 meters 3. Bedroom=4.50×3.20 4. Bedroom= 4.50×3.23 meters 5. Kitchen= 3.95×2.00 meters 6. Guest Toilet 1= 1.94×1.00 meters 7. Corridor: 1×1 meters 8. Bathroom= 1.74×3.23 meters 9. Corridor2= 5.27×1.10 meters 10. Terrace1= 2.58×4.00 meters 11. Terrace2= 3.90×1.13 meters Bubble diagram:

Good relationships: ✔The living and dining room with the terrace ✔The bedroom and the bathroom

Bad relationships: ✖The guest toilet and the living room ( as the toilet is exactly next the kitchen) ✖The entrance and the private zone (bedrooms) Analysis of the use of spaces: • As we can see that the bedroom takes

the biggest percentage in the apartment, which is a reasonable percentage as there are three bedrooms in this flat. • The living room is the second big

percentage in the flat. • 22 % is a good percent for the living

room and the dining as it enhances social interaction. However, there is a waste of space in the terrace as there is 14% from the flat is terraces. • The corridor is terrible as it is too long

and it is unused space.

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• There is no need for two terraces. This place may be better use in another bathroom or an office

room or the secondary terrace that only used by one bedroom can rearrange to the other side to combine it with the other terrace to be one bog space to be used as a living room and all spaces can use it. • The kitchen space is fine compared to the flat area. However, there is a need for another

bathroom in this apartment. Zoning: • As we divide the apartment to

public and private zone, different activities should be done in each one.

• The public zone is composed of living, dining, kitchen and guest’s bathroom.

• The public zone is composed of the bedrooms and the bathroom.

• However, people who want to go to the private zone must pass on the public zone, which may cause disturbance if there are guests.

• Thus, there is a bad relation between the bedrooms and the entrance. Other than this, the activities are disturbed well.

Circulation: • There is a cross circulation between the

bedrooms and the living room as the users MUST pass through the living room to reach the bedrooms.

• There is another cross circulation between the kitchen, Guest’s toilet and the living room. As the users MUST pass through the kitchen to reach the bathroom, which disrupting the privacy of the users.

Degree of efficiency: Total space – used space = waste

space 149.42 -102.87=46.54 31.2% waste of space Not very high efficiency of using spaces. Linkage Diagram:

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Sample 2: Apartment area 138 m 2 with 3 bed rooms + 1 living room and dining + 2 halls distribution + kitchen + toilet + bath + terrace

The same as sample 1 but without secondary terrace for the bedroom.

Degree of efficiency: Total space – used space = waste space 137.54 – 98.5= 39.07

28.4% waste of space

Not very high efficiency of using spaces. Sample 3:

Flat area in 89 to 2 contain 2 bedrooms + 1 living room and dining +1 lounge distribution + kitchen + bathroom + terrace.

1. The living and dining room= 5.28×3.76 meters. 2. Mater bedroom= 4.00×3.32 meters 3. Bedroom=3.56×3.32 meters 4. Corridor= 3.8×1.10 meters 5. Kitchen= 1.9×2.10 meters 6. Bathroom= 1.9×2.10 meters 7. Terrace= 2.58×3.76 meters

Usage of Space:

• The distribution of space here is a bit weird. The percentage of the terrace is high compared to the rest of the components of the apartment. The bathroom may take more than 6% as there is only one bathroom and there is no guest toilet. The living and dining room has a reasonable space. Same as the bedrooms

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Bubble diagram:

Good relationships:

✔Entrance and the living and dining room

✔Terrace and the living room

✔Master bedroom and bathroom

Bad relationships:

✖The kitchen and the bedroom

✖The entrance and the kitchen

✖The bathroom and the living room

✖the kitchen and the dining

✖The kitchen and the bedrooms

Zoning:

✗ The position of the kitchen is located in the private zone beside the bedrooms, which is a big mistake in any plan.

✗The problem is that the kitchen is away from the dining room and from the entrance; however, it is near the bedroom, which it is not correct for ventilation wise.

✗The smell of the kitchen will go through the bedrooms. Second, it will be difficult to prepare the food and cross the bedroom to go to the ding room.

✗Third, the relationship between the entrance and the kitchen makes carrying the stuff to the kitchen difficult. Regarding the bathroom, only one bathroom serves the whole flat.

✗There is no toilet for the guests, which is bad as it may distribute the

privacy of the private zone.

Degree of efficiency: Total space – used space = waste space 88.96 – 62.6 =26.33

29.6 % waste of space

Not very high efficiency of using spaces. Linkage diagram:

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Sample 4:

Flat area in 89 to 2 contain 2 bedrooms + 1 living room and dining +1 lounge distribution + kitchen + bathroom + terrace

1. living and dining room= 3.80×3.76 2. Master bedroom=4.00×3.20 3. Bedroom= 4.00×3.20 4. Corridor= 3.12×1.10 5. Kitchen= 2.78×1.50 6. Bathroom= 2.78×1.50 7. Terrace= 2.58×3.76

Usage of Space:

The two big components in the flat are the living room and the bedrooms. The terrace comes as the third biggest space in the flat. It is bigger than its need.

Bubble diagram: Good relationships:

✔The relation between the kitchen and the entrance ✔The kitchen and the dining ✔The living and the terrace ✔The bedroom and the bathroom

Bad relationships: ✖ The relation between the guest’s bathroom and the living room

Zoning: Circulation: • A great cross circulation is this

apartment as the entrance is directly in front of the living room and away from the bedrooms.

• The users must cross the whole living room to reach the bedrooms, which make it very hard for achieving privacy.

• The circulation from the living room to the bathroom is wrong also as the bathroom is located in the private zone.

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Degree of efficiency: Total space – used space = waste space 82.12 – 57.9 =24.2

29.46 % waste of space

Not very high efficiency of using spaces. Linkage diagram:

Photos form the site:

• The elevation has a nice shape; however, it looks symmetric which make it a bit boring.

• The streets are not done in a good way as the color of the fences is not good and there is no enough greenery in the street.

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III. Site selection:

The site is located in new Cairo, specifically at katamiya. The land has a youth residential housing but it is badly made. The housing is ugly and there are no facilities, gardens, clubs, and even a market to buy anything. When I asked a man there about the status of the housing and the condition of living, he told me that they life a miserable life, away from the city, and in an ugly houses. This housing is beside a katemya heights “gated community” , which is a compound for upper class. Thus, I thought that it would be better to demolish this housing area and replace it with an innovative, clean, and developed urban small working village.

This is a Google picture of the youth housing, which has poor living conditions:

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The way of arranging buildings: arranging the buildings

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Plan:

Area of the Flat:

100 Meters

Price of the flat:

115000- 12000

Space distribution:

1. Bedroom 1 = 10.61 meters 2. Bedroom 2= 12 meters 3. Bedroom3 =9.6 meters 4. Kitchen =6.05 meters 5. Toilet= 4.57 meters 6. Living and dining room= 25.84

meters 7. Terrace = 4.08 meters

Bubble diagram:

Analysis:

The flat is not distributed well as there is a 36% of the flat is only for the living room. However, there is only one small bathroom (nearly 4 meters) for the whole 100 meters apartment. In addition, the kitchen is a bit small. Bedrooms are located in the private zone.  

44%  

36%  

8%  6%   6%  

Sales  

bedrooms    

Living  area  

kitchen  

toilet  

terrace  

Bedroom  3  

Bedroom  2  

Bedroom  1  

W.C  

Living  

room  

Terrace  

corridor  

entrance  

Kitchen  

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.

 

 

                       

A quick view from the car of 4 interconnected buildings  

each is 5 story building shaped as a

“H” Shape  

A building that still under

construction.

The building is in front of the

mosque.

The  surrounding  of  the  building  is  still  a  desert  with  out  any  greenery    

 

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The  site  dimensions:  

 

 

 

 

Land  dimensions:  • I  will  only  take  a  small  piece  of  this  land,  which  is  95  *  140  Meters.  • Thus  the  whole  area  will  be  13300  Meters.  • There  is  20  %  of  the  land  for  the  public  area,  which  represents  2660  Meters  from  the  whole  

area.  • Thus  we  will  have  some  left  overs,  which  are  10640  Meters.  • According  to  my  space  program  sheet,  my  unit  will  be  180  Meters  +20  Meters  for  garden  

around=  195  Meters  for  each  apartment.  • Each  two  apartments  will  share  in  a  studio,  which  is  20  Meters.  • There  are  two  exhibition  showrooms  also  each  is  600  meters,  thus  the  total  area  for  both  

showrooms  is  1200  Meters.    • If  we  divide  the  whole  left  over  area  9440  over  the  area  of  the  apartment  (200  Meters)  and  the  

shared  Studio  (20  Meters),  we  will  result  on  having  32  unit  in  this  land.  

 

   

 

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• The purpose of choosing it  

This  place  called  "  masken  el  Katemya  or  masken  el  shabab"  is  totally  used  wrong.  The  buildings  are  looking  very  ugly;  there  is  no  greenery  around  houses,  no  enough  facilities.  The  space  is  very  large  but  isn't  used  well.  The  other  reason  for  choosing  this  piece  of  land  is  that  to  achieve  equality  between  people  as  this  land  is  directly  overlooks  one  of  the  largest  compounds  in  Egypt,  which  is  "Katemya  height".  This  land  will  be  a  small  urban  village  that  produce  many  and  different  products  that  can  sell  it  to  the  compound  in  front  of  them  or  to  any  other  place.    

 Accessibility:  This  land  you  can  access  it  from  the  ring  road  as  it  is  beside  el  Katemya  residential.    You  also  can  access  it  from  the  90-­‐axis  road.    Context:  This  land  overlooks  an  upper  class  compound,  which  is  “  Katemya  Heights”.    View:  The  view  here  considered  to  be  the  side  overlooks  Katemya  heights,  as  the  other  three  sides  are  desert.  Topography:  The  land  is  elevated  high  with  a  certain  slope.  The  highest  point  of  the  land  is  the  one  that  overlooks  Katemya  heights.      

The  main  streets  and  roads  that  around  the  land:  

 1. The  road  that  overlooks  Katemya  heights.  (Main  

Road)  2. The  side  road  that  has  a  gate  for  this  

residential  area  3. H-­‐  Shaped  buildings  that  consist  of  4  

buildings  that  shaped  in  a  H  shape  for  privacy  issue.  A  wall  separate  each  two  2  buildings  apart.  

4. Unused  land  5. Unused  small  land.  It  may  be  used  for  

small  facilities  or  workshops.  6. Katemya  heights  (upper  class  

residential  compound)    

 

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Site planning and zoning

Suggested  arrangement:  

On  unit:  

In  this  picture,  we  can  see  6  units  overlooking  a  hexagonal  garden.  

The  whole  idea  about  this  shape  is  that  to  enhance  social  interaction  between  people  and  at  the  same  time  have  privacy  in  each  unit.  The  entrance  of  each  apartment  will  be  from  a  shared  garden  to  talk  and  interact  with  each  other.  At  the  same  time  each  house  will  have  a  private  garden  with  buffers  of  trees.  

Total area needed for each house =

200 meters

Arrangement  of  six  unit:    

 

The  total  units  here  are  32  units.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Space program:

Inspriation:

Since I am inspired by the American plan's which they use a huge space of the garage, either to use it as a work shop for some mechanical engineers or for the parking use, I will implement this idea in my unit, but with changing its function. I will use it as a room that has a computer and office and some tables to work and study in it. This is a plan from the American Dream houses. I am only interested in the garage. I will change its name to an office or studio room and I will add a door to connect it to the home from inside. And I will leave the door that outside of the home for guests. The structure of my building: THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EACH BUILDING AND THE OTHER, THERE IS A SHARED WORKSHOP/STUIDO FOR FASHION DESIGN. THE STUDIO WILL BE IN THE GROUND FLOOR AND HAS AN A DOOR FROM THE LEFT/ RIGHT TO EAH ONE HOUSE.

A SHARED COURT “HOSH” FOR THE WHOLE UNITS TO GATHER AND INTERACT

HERE IS THE SITE PLAN OF THESE UNITS

WE WILL USE THIS HOLLOW IN BUILDING A SHARED STUDIO FOR TWO UNITS.

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Bubble Diagram: Ground floor:

FIRST FLOOR:

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Space program sheet:

Space Activities Who will make it

When Area needed

Master Bedroom

Sleeping Relaxing Reading Watching T.V. Working on a laptop

Husband/wife Kids Close relatives Guests

At night May be afternoon for a nap At the morning

20.14

Bathroom Washing hands Showering

Kids Adults Guests Relatives Husband/ wife

All the day 8.85

kitchen Cooking Eating

Wife Maid

Breakfast 11.2

Living room Meeting guests Watching T.V Family gathering Working on laptop Eating Playing Relaxing Sleeping Reading

Husband Wife Guests Relatives Kids Friends Strangers

Noon – afternoon- at night

30

Terrace Eating Social interaction Gathering Relaxing Reading imitating

Family members Guests relatives

Morning – noon – at night

Terrace 1 (living) 2.5*3 Terrace (bedrooms) 1.5*2.5

Workshop Studying Working Drawing Forming a product Reading Working on computer Printing Playing (kids) Meeting clients

Husband Wife Kids guests

After work night

4.00 *3.0

Entrance lobby Carrying bags Welcoming guests

Al visitors All the day 1*4

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Space Activities Who will make it

When Area needed

Guests’ toilet Toilet Guests

All Day

2.55

Family Living room

Watching T.V Family gathering Working on laptop Eating Playing Relaxing Sleeping Reading

Kids Adults Relatives Husband/ wife

All the day 17.1

Bedroom (kids) 2 rooms

Sleeping Studying Playing Reading

Kids Some family members

All the day especially after school

(4.6 * 3.5 ) *2

Dining room Eating

Wife Husband Guests Friends Relatives kids

All the day 21.6

Total flat area: 180 meters

Space distribution:

34%  

20%  14%  

13%  

11%  

8%  

Use  of  Space  

Bedrooms  

Living  room  

dining  room  

toilets  

family  living  room  

Terraces  

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Design concept and identity:

Inspirations: I am really interested in the shape of the cube. I want to find a relation between different cubes to form an interesting form. This example shows two cubes are position on the top of the other. It looks very interesting and a new idea.

Another example shows a great building that has modules of cubes positioned in an irregular shape to for some negative spaces in between for other usage like roof garden. This example shows a flexible building made of cubes and you can form it with the shape you prefer. It is very interesting to have flexibility in forming the design.

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This are some houses which are formed from cubes and a shared court in the middle. There are some interesting pictures of houses made of the combination of some cubes together.

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Mood Board:

Living area

Ceiling:

Dining:

Office area:

Stairs:

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Inspiration:

Shading Devices:

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References:

http://meganrolph.wordpress.com/2011/02/06/le-­‐corbusier-­‐in-­‐theory-­‐and-­‐in-­‐practice/  

http://www.jrplate.com/cabrini-­‐green-­‐chicago-­‐public-­‐housing-­‐ends/  

http://www.uwec.edu/geography/ivogeler/w188/articles/chprjcts.htm  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabrini–Green  

http://sustainablecitiescollective.com/nextamcity/18664/chicago-­‐cabrini-­‐green-­‐and-­‐bean  

http://www.chicagonow.com/blogs/chicago-­‐muckrakers/2010/10/remembering-­‐cabrini-­‐as-­‐it-­‐was.html  

http://www.mvrdv.nl/#/news  

http://www.ebadelrahmaan.com/8/1/105/(1)20%ننممووذذجج  

 

 


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