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3/7/13 Mitch Schaefer - Marathon County, Wisconsin · 2013-03-21 · Economic analysis, 2010-2012...

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3/7/13 Mitch Schaefer Graduate Research Assistant Department of Animal Science UW-Madison
Transcript

3/7/13

Mitch Schaefer

Graduate Research Assistant Department of Animal Science

UW-Madison

Land values at historic high

Necessity to increase pasture productivity

Potential new forages?

Tall fescue (Bariane)

Meadow fescue (Pradel)

White clover (Alice)

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Study Location

Results

Summary

Economic Model Including Data Collected

Implications

Outline

Treatments (2 X 2 factorial)

Materials and Methods

Urea White Clover

Tall Fescue TF TFC

Meadow Fescue

MF MFC

Nitrogen source

Grass Type

550 lb crossbred beef steers

Weights taken at start, ~42 d intervals, and end

Given free choice mineral supplement and water

Provided salt and trace minerals (Cu, Se, Zn)

Contained methoprene (Altosid IGR)

Bloatguard added to clover swards

Followed animals through feedlot post grazing

Materials and Methods

12 pastures (3 reps per treatment)

5.6 acres, 8 paddocks

Rotation schedule- 2, 3, and 4 d (7, 5, and 5 passes per yr)

Starting and ending dates, 2010-2012

April 23- Oct 28 (188)

May 6- Sept 21 (137)

April 18- June 29, and Aug 9-Oct 9 (132)

3 Applications of Urea

50, 70, and 50 lbs N/ acre

Prior to turnout, after heading, and ~45-60 d post 2nd application

Utilized a variable stocking density

Materials and Methods

30 yr

average 2010 2011 2012

Apr. 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.1

May 3.3 4.1 2.2 2.9

June 4.1 7.6 4.0 0.2

July 3.9 9.3 2.5 4.3

Aug. 4.3 4.7 1.5 2.9

Sept. 3.1 4.5 3.9 1.0

Oct. 2.2 1.7 1.6 3.9

Total 24.2 35.6 19.2 18.4

Table 1. Annual precipitation and distribution at UW AARS Farm (inches)

Figure 1. Percentage of white clover

within tall and meadow fescue pastures

0.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

40.0

50.0

60.0

70.0

4/1 5/1 5/31 6/30 7/30 8/29 9/28 10/28

Per

cen

tag

e, D

M b

asi

s

Date

2010

2011

2012

5.0

7.5

10.0

12.5

15.0

17.5

20.0

22.5

1-Apr 1-May 31-May 30-Jun 30-Jul 29-Aug 28-Sep 28-Oct

Pe

rce

nta

ge

, D

M b

asi

s

Date, 2010

Grass

Clover

Figure 2. Crude protein percent in available forage for grass monocultures and grass white clover mixtures,

2010 grazing season

MF vs. TF P >0.10

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1-Apr 1-May 31-May 30-Jun 30-Jul 29-Aug 28-Sep 28-Oct

Perc

en

tag

e,

DM

ba

sis

Date

Grass

Clover

Figure 3. Average in vitro true digestibility concentration in available forage for grass

monocultures and grass white clover mixtures, 2010

MF vs. TF P < 0.05

0.50

0.75

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

2.50

2.75

3.00

3.25

AD

G,

lbs

P-1 P-2 P-3 P-4 P-5

Figure 4. Steer growth rates when grazing grass monocultures or grass white clover

mixtures within periods in 2010

C NC

0.50

0.75

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

2.50

2.75

2010 (0.55, 0.26) 2011 (0.24, 0.18) 2012 (0.09, 0.53)

AD

G,

lbs

Date (Mean clover or MF advantage)

Figure 5. Animal performance while grazing tall or meadow fescue with or without white

clover over three grazing seasons

TF MF TFC MFC

Item

Treatment NDF CP IVTD NDFD ADG, lbs

TF 54.7a 16.0b 80.9c 65.8b 1.67c

MF 53.8a 16.6ab 83.5b 69.9a 2.02b

TFC 49.0b 17.1a 83.6b 67.2b 2.02b

MFC 48.8b 17.2a 85.8a 71.4a 2.29a

SEM 0.54 0.32 0.42 0.54 0.04

P - value

Fescue type 0.31 0.29 0.001 0.001 0.001

Clover inclusion 0.001 0.01 0.001 0.01 0.001

Fescue*clover 0.50 0.36 0.61 0.95 0.36

Fescue*year 0.33 0.01 0.33 0.35 0.001

Clover*year 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.03 0.48

Table 2. Tabular results of forage characteristics and animal performance over three grazing seasons

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

2010 (210, 220) 2011 (170, 230) 2012 (30, 440)

Av

ail

ab

le f

ora

ge, l

bs/

acr

e

Year (Reduction due to WC or MF containing pastures)

Figure 6. Available forage within meadow or tall fescue pastures alone or in binary

mixture with white clover

Tall Meadow TC MC

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

TF MF TFC MFC

An

imal

ga

in,

lbs

/acr

e

Treatment

Figure 7. Animal gain per acre when grazing tall or meadow fescue with or without white clover

included in the sward over three grazing seasons

2010 2011 2012

19

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

2010 (21) 2011 (0) 2012 (12)

Perc

en

tag

e o

f T

rea

tme

nts

Year (treatments per yr)

Figure 9. Pinkeye treatments within tester steers (108 per yr) over three grazing seasons

T TC M MC

White clover inclusion

Tended to lower available forage

Increased pasture quality (IVTD, CP, NDF)

Increased ADG and gain per acre

Grass type

MF had greater IVTD and ADG

TF increased available forage

Both grasses had similar gain per acre

Summary

Values are Per Acre, 2010 Item $ Value/ hd T M TC MC

Assumptions

Stocking Rate 2.69 2.21 2.29 2.21

Costs

Purchase Price (550*1.85) $ 1,017.50 $ 2,737 $ 2,249 $ 2,330 $ 2,249

Land Rent ($100/acre) $ 100 $ 100 $ 100 $ 100

Labor ($/hd) $ 10.00 $ 26.9 $ 22.1 $ 22.9 $ 22.1

Vet Costs $ 8.00 $ 21.52 $ 17.68 $ 18.32 $ 17.68

Death Loss $ 11.00 $ 29.59 $ 24.31 $ 25.19 $ 24.31

Salt (no poloxalene) 160 DOF $ 4.00 $ 10.76 $ 8.84 . .

Salt + Polo. $ 20.00 . . $ 45.80 $ 44.20

Fly/Deworming $ 7.00 $ 18.83 $ 15.47 $ 16.03 $ 15.47

Durables $ 45.00 $ 121.05 $ 99.45 $ 103.05 $ 99.45

Interest 6 % at 6 mo $ 30.53 $ 82.11 $ 67.46 $ 69.90 $ 67.46

Marketing $ 10.00 $ 26.90 $ 22.10 $ 22.90 $ 22.10

Miscellaneous $ 0.50 $ 1.35 $ 1.11 $ 1.15 $ 1.11

Management $ 8.00 $ 21.52 $ 17.68 $ 18.32 $ 17.68

Non N Fertilizer $ 25.00 $ 25.00 $ 25.00 $ 25.00

N Fertilizer $380/ton, 260 lbs $ 50.00 $ 50.00 . .

Clover . . $ 25.00 $ 25.00

Total Costs $ 3,259 $ 2,709 $ 2,812 $ 2,719

Total Costs- Animal price $ 522 $ 460 $ 482 $ 471

Income

ADG 1.40 1.78 2.03 2.34

End wt 774 834.8 874.8 924.4

Pay Price 750 lbs $ 148.00

Slide $0.05/lb $ 0.05

Final pay price $ 146.80 $ 143.76 $ 141.76 $ 139.28

Total Income $ 3,056.46 $ 2,652.24 $ 2,839.87 $ 2,845.38

Profit/loss $ (202.69) $ (56.58) $ 27.68 $ 126.20

Extension # A3718, Schuster, Undersander, Schaefer, Klemme, Siemens, Smith

Economic analysis, 2010-2012 grazing seasons

Tall fescue Meadow fescue Tall and clover Meadow and clover

Year Item

2010 ADG 1.40 1.78 2.03 2.34

SR 2.69 2.21 2.29 2.21

Gain/Acre 678 708 837 931

NIBT $ (202.69) $ (56.58) $ 27.68 $ 126.20

2011 ADG 1.70 1.98 2.00 2.20

SR 2.55 1.94 2.20 2.02

Gain/Acre 594 526 603 609

NIBT $ (71.87) $ (8.71) $ 10.33 $ 59.84

2012 ADG 1.85 2.44 2 2.46

SR 2.23 1.67 2.1 1.77

Gain/Acre 544 537 554 574

NIBT $ (30.17) $ 85.09 $ 3.04 $ 102.51

3 yr Avg. NIBT ($101.58) $6.60 $13.68 $96.18

• Gain per acre is not profitability • MF and white clover pastures were more profitable

(GIVEN SIMILAR MANAGEMENT)

y = 277.66x - 555.76

R² = 0.942

($250)

($200)

($150)

($100)

($50)

$0

$50

$100

$150

1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50

Pro

fit

pe

r a

cre

Steer ADG

Figure 10. Correlation between steer ADG and profit per acre

ADG

Linear (ADG)

MF and TF are suitable for WI pastures

Increased stocker ADG increases profit per acre

Both pasture management and forage species play a vital role in profitability

Implications

Mitch Schaefer

[email protected]

Questions?


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