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401610102 V1 CDMA Network Overview

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Title page CD MA | R el ease 35 .0 an d later Network Overview 401-610-102 Issue 5.1 November 2011
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  • Title page

    CDMA | Release 35.0 and later

    Network Overview

    401-610-102

    Issue 5.1

    November 2011

  • Legal notice

    Legal notice

    Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective

    owners.

    The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.

    Copyright 2011 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.

  • Contents

    About this document

    Purpose ........................................................................................................................................................................................... xxixxi

    Scope .............................................................................................................................................................................................. xxixxi

    Supported software releases ................................................................................................................................................... xxixxi

    Reason for reissue for Issue 5.1 ........................................................................................................................................... xxiixxii

    Reason for reissue for Issue 5 .............................................................................................................................................. xxiixxii

    To obtain technical support, documentation, and training or submit feedback ................................................. xxvxxv

    How to comment ....................................................................................................................................................................... xxvxxv

    1 Interactive diagrams

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-11-1

    Interactive diagram 3G1X CDMA and 1xEV-DO Network (I-MSC) ............................................................. 1-21-2

    Interactive diagram CDMACircuit Voice Network (MPC) ................................................................................ 1-31-3

    2 Network architecture

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-12-1

    About wireless networks

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-42-4

    Conceptual view of a wireless network ............................................................................................................................ 2-52-5

    Network-related terms used in this chapter ..................................................................................................................... 2-72-7

    About call flows ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2-162-16

    Alcatel-Lucent service-specific networks

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-172-17

    3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network ............................................................................................................................. 2-182-18

    TrFO/RTO Packet Trunking Network ............................................................................................................................. 2-212-21

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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    iii

  • 3G1X CDMAPacket Data Network .............................................................................................................................. 2-242-24

    9271 EV-DO RAS Packet Data Network ...................................................................................................................... 2-272-27

    3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network Backhaul Networks ................................................................................................. 2-312-31

    Master Diagram ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2-332-33

    3 Mobile Switching Center (MSC)

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-13-1

    MSC defined ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3-23-2

    MSCs offered by Alcatel-Lucent ......................................................................................................................................... 3-33-3

    About the I-MSC ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3-43-4

    About the MPC .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-63-6

    Documentation and training .................................................................................................................................................. 3-93-9

    4 Access Managers

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-14-1

    Mobility Manager Compact v4

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-44-4

    About the MMCv4 ................................................................................................................................................................... 4-54-5

    About the MMCv4 hardware ................................................................................................................................................ 4-64-6

    About the MMCv4 software ................................................................................................................................................. 4-84-8

    MMCv4 connections to other network elements ........................................................................................................ 4-104-10

    MMCv4 user interfaces ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-124-12

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 4-134-13

    Mobility Manager Compact v2

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-154-15

    About the MMCv2 ................................................................................................................................................................. 4-164-16

    About the MMCv2 hardware ............................................................................................................................................. 4-174-17

    About the MMCv2 software .............................................................................................................................................. 4-194-19

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    iv CDMA

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  • MMCv2 connections to other network elements ........................................................................................................ 4-214-21

    MMCv2 user interfaces ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-234-23

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 4-244-24

    Mobility Manager Compact v1

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-264-26

    About the MMCv1 ................................................................................................................................................................. 4-274-27

    About the MMCv1 hardware ............................................................................................................................................. 4-284-28

    About the MMCv1 software .............................................................................................................................................. 4-294-29

    MMCv1 connections to other network elements ........................................................................................................ 4-314-31

    MMCv1 user interfaces ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-334-33

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 4-344-34

    9290 MM-based Access Manager

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-364-36

    About the 9290 MM .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-374-37

    About the 9290 MM-APCC hardware ............................................................................................................................ 4-384-38

    About the 9290 MM software ............................................................................................................................................ 4-424-42

    9290 MM-APCC connections to other network elements ...................................................................................... 4-444-44

    9290 MM user interfaces ..................................................................................................................................................... 4-464-46

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 4-474-47

    About the Executive Cellular Processor Complex (ECPC)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-504-50

    About the ECPC ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4-514-51

    Components of the ECPC ................................................................................................................................................... 4-534-53

    About the Executive Cellular Processor (ECP) ........................................................................................................... 4-544-54

    About the CNI/IMS ring ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-564-56

    About the ECPC software ................................................................................................................................................... 4-574-57

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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    v

  • ECPC connections to other network elements ............................................................................................................. 4-584-58

    For further information ......................................................................................................................................................... 4-594-59

    Comparing the Access Managers

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-604-60

    Comparison of the Access Managers .............................................................................................................................. 4-614-61

    Applications that can be run on each Access Manager ............................................................................................. 4-654-65

    OMP versions per Access Manager ................................................................................................................................. 4-694-69

    5 CDMA Mobility Server (CMS)

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-15-1

    About the CMS .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5-25-2

    About the MMCv2 .................................................................................................................................................................. 5-35-3

    9290 Mobility Manager - Signaling Interface ................................................................................................................ 5-55-5

    6 9281 Packet Switches

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-16-1

    About the 9281 Packet Switch

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-36-3

    Basics of the 9281 Packet Switch ....................................................................................................................................... 6-46-4

    About the 9281 Packet Switch hardware ......................................................................................................................... 6-66-6

    Administrative Module (AM) .............................................................................................................................................. 6-76-7

    Communications Module (CM) .......................................................................................................................................... 6-86-8

    Switching Module (SM) ...................................................................................................................................................... 6-106-10

    About the PSm ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6-146-14

    About the 9281 Packet Switch software ........................................................................................................................ 6-186-18

    9281 Packet Switch connections to other network elements .................................................................................. 6-196-19

    9281 Packet Switch user interfaces ................................................................................................................................. 6-226-22

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 6-236-23

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    vi CDMA

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    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • About the 9281 Packet Switch Compact

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-256-25

    Basics of the 9281 Packet Switch Compact (PSc) ..................................................................................................... 6-266-26

    About the 9281 Packet Switch Compact hardware .................................................................................................... 6-286-28

    About the 9281 Packet Switch Compact hardware .................................................................................................... 6-296-29

    About the AWS hardware .................................................................................................................................................... 6-306-30

    About the 9281 Packet Switch Compact software ..................................................................................................... 6-316-31

    Connections to other network elements ......................................................................................................................... 6-326-32

    9281 Packet Switch Compact user interfaces .............................................................................................................. 6-356-35

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 6-366-36

    Packet Switch Gateway (PSG)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-386-38

    About the Packet Switch Gateway (PSG) ..................................................................................................................... 6-396-39

    About the H.248 interface ................................................................................................................................................... 6-406-40

    About the PSG hardware ..................................................................................................................................................... 6-416-41

    PSG connections to other network elements ................................................................................................................ 6-426-42

    User interfaces ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6-436-43

    For further information ......................................................................................................................................................... 6-446-44

    Special supported features

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-456-45

    Support for Frame Relay Backhaul ................................................................................................................................. 6-466-46

    Support for IP Backhaul ....................................................................................................................................................... 6-476-47

    Support for Ethernet Backhaul .......................................................................................................................................... 6-496-49

    Support for IP Soft Handoff (IPSHO) ............................................................................................................................. 6-506-50

    Support for the PCF on PHE2 feature ............................................................................................................................ 6-516-51

    Support for the SIGTRAN M3UA Signaling Gateway (SG) feature .................................................................. 6-536-53

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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    vii

  • 7 Base stations

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-17-1

    About Alcatel-Lucent CDMA base stations .................................................................................................................... 7-27-2

    Commonly-used base station acronyms ........................................................................................................................... 7-67-6

    About base station hardware ................................................................................................................................................. 7-77-7

    About base station software ................................................................................................................................................ 7-107-10

    Base station connections to other network elements ................................................................................................. 7-117-11

    Base station user interfaces ................................................................................................................................................. 7-137-13

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 7-147-14

    8 CDMA 3G1X Packet Data Service

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8-18-1

    About the PCF on PHE2 feature on the Packet Switch packet data option

    About the PCF on the PHE2 feature .................................................................................................................................. 8-28-2

    Hardware for the PCF on PHE2 feature .......................................................................................................................... 8-48-4

    PCF on PHE2 user interface ................................................................................................................................................. 8-58-5

    Documentation and training .................................................................................................................................................. 8-68-6

    9 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS)

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9-19-1

    9271 EV-DO RAS

    Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9-39-3

    Definitions ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9-49-4

    9271 EV-DO RAS deployment options ............................................................................................................................ 9-69-6

    Mixed-mode 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS) Packet Data Network ................... 9-79-7

    Standalone 9271 EV-DO RAS Packet Data Network ............................................................................................... 9-109-10

    System components of the 9271 EV-DO RAS ............................................................................................................ 9-139-13

    About 1xEV-DO Base Stations ........................................................................................................................................ 9-169-16

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    viii CDMA

    401-610-102 Release 35.0 and later

    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • About the Base Station OA&M Controller (BSOC) ................................................................................................. 9-179-17

    9271 EV-DO RAS connections to other network elements .................................................................................... 9-189-18

    9271 EV-DO RAS user interfaces .................................................................................................................................... 9-209-20

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 9-219-21

    About the 9271 EV-DO RNC

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9-239-23

    About the 9271 EV-DO RNC ............................................................................................................................................ 9-249-24

    Processors .................................................................................................................................................................................. 9-259-25

    UNAC with ATCA chassis .................................................................................................................................................. 9-269-26

    UNC with Netra servers ....................................................................................................................................................... 9-299-29

    R1SR frame with Netra servers ......................................................................................................................................... 9-319-31

    Software architecture ............................................................................................................................................................ 9-349-34

    10 9256 Operations and Management Platform (9256 OMP)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-110-1

    About the 9256 OMPv4

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-310-3

    About the 9256 OMPv4 ....................................................................................................................................................... 10-410-4

    Differences from the OMPv2 ............................................................................................................................................. 10-610-6

    About the 9256 OMPv4 hardware ................................................................................................................................... 10-810-8

    About the 9256 OMPv4 software ..................................................................................................................................... 10-910-9

    9256 OMPv4 connections to other network elements ............................................................................................ 10-1010-10

    9256 OMPv4 user interfaces ............................................................................................................................................ 10-1110-11

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 10-1210-12

    About the 9256 OMPv2

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-1310-13

    About the 9256 OMPv2 ..................................................................................................................................................... 10-1410-14

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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  • About the 9256 OMPv2 hardware ................................................................................................................................. 10-1510-15

    Impact of the 9254 OMC Compact Cabinet .............................................................................................................. 10-1710-17

    About the 9256 OMPv2 software .................................................................................................................................. 10-1810-18

    9256 OMPv2 connections to other network elements ............................................................................................ 10-1910-19

    OMP versions per Access Manager ............................................................................................................................... 10-2110-21

    9256 OMPv2 user interfaces ........................................................................................................................................... 10-2210-22

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 10-2310-23

    11 9253 Operations and Maintenance Center Radio Access Network (9253 OMC-RAN)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 11-111-1

    About the 9253 OMC-RAN ............................................................................................................................................... 11-311-3

    About the 9253 OMC-RAN hardware ............................................................................................................................ 11-411-4

    About the OMC-RAN Solution ......................................................................................................................................... 11-511-5

    About the 9253 OMC-RAN software ............................................................................................................................. 11-611-6

    9253 OMC-RAN connections to other network elements ....................................................................................... 11-711-7

    9253 OMC-RAN user interfaces ...................................................................................................................................... 11-811-8

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 11-1011-10

    12 9254 Operations and Maintenance Center Radio Access Network Compact (9254 OMC-RAN

    Compact)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 12-112-1

    About the 9254 OMC-RAN Compact ............................................................................................................................ 12-312-3

    9254 OMC-RAN Compact compared with the 9253 OMC-RAN ....................................................................... 12-412-4

    About the 9254 OMC Compact Cabinet ...................................................................................................................... 12-512-5

    Configurations of the 9254 OMC Compact Cabinet ................................................................................................ 12-812-8

    About the 9254 OMC-RAN Compact hardware ...................................................................................................... 12-1012-10

    About the OMC-RAN Solution ...................................................................................................................................... 12-1312-13

    About the 9254 OMC-RAN Compact software ....................................................................................................... 12-1412-14

    9254 OMC-RAN Compact connections to other network elements ................................................................. 12-1512-15

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    x CDMA

    401-610-102 Release 35.0 and later

    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • 9254 OMC-RAN Compact user interfaces ................................................................................................................. 12-1612-16

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 12-1812-18

    13 Local Maintenance Terminal

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 13-113-1

    About the LMT ....................................................................................................................................................................... 13-213-2

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................... 13-413-4

    14 Remote Maintenance Terminal

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 14-114-1

    About the RMT ....................................................................................................................................................................... 14-214-2

    Documentation and Training .............................................................................................................................................. 14-414-4

    15 9259 Over-The-Air-Function (9259 OTAF)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 15-115-1

    About 9259 OTAF ................................................................................................................................................................. 15-215-2

    Components of the OTANetwork .................................................................................................................................... 15-415-4

    About the 9259 OTAF hardware ...................................................................................................................................... 15-715-7

    About the 9259 OTAF software ........................................................................................................................................ 15-915-9

    9259 OTAF connections to other network elements ............................................................................................... 15-1015-10

    9259 OTAF user interfaces ............................................................................................................................................... 15-1215-12

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 15-1315-13

    16 9980 Packet Acoustic Echo Cancellation (PAEC)

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 16-116-1

    About the 9980 PAEC application ................................................................................................................................... 16-216-2

    About traditional acoustic echo cancellation ................................................................................................................ 16-416-4

    How the 9980 PAEC application works for EVRC and EVRC-B traffic .......................................................... 16-516-5

    How the 9980 PAEC application works for G.711u traffic ..................................................................................... 16-816-8

    About the 9980 PAEC ....................................................................................................................................................... 16-1016-10

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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  • Hardware requirements for the 9980 PAEC application ....................................................................................... 16-1416-14

    9980 PAEC application connections to other network elements ........................................................................ 16-1716-17

    9980 PAEC application user interfaces ........................................................................................................................ 16-1816-18

    Documentation and training ............................................................................................................................................. 16-1916-19

    17 Connections between network elements

    Network interconnections ................................................................................................................................................... 17-117-1

    18 CDMA features

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 18-118-1

    About Alcatel-Lucent CDMA features

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 18-218-2

    Features defined ...................................................................................................................................................................... 18-318-3

    Obtaining Alcatel-Lucent CDMA optional features and additional capacity

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 18-418-4

    FAF and QFAF method ........................................................................................................................................................ 18-518-5

    LKDI software license generation and delivery method ......................................................................................... 18-918-9

    9281 Packet Switch method ............................................................................................................................................. 18-1618-16

    19 CDMA Backhaul Networks

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 19-119-1

    About 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network Backhaul Networks

    3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network Backhaul Networks .................................................................................................. 19-219-2

    Frame Relay Backhaul

    Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 19-519-5

    About Frame Relay Backhaul ............................................................................................................................................ 19-619-6

    IP Backhaul

    About IP Backhaul ................................................................................................................................................................. 19-819-8

    Hardware for IP Backhaul ................................................................................................................................................ 19-1219-12

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    xii CDMA

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    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • Software for IP Backhaul .................................................................................................................................................. 19-1319-13

    User interfaces for IP Backhaul ...................................................................................................................................... 19-1419-14

    Documentation and training for IP Backhaul ............................................................................................................ 19-1519-15

    Ethernet Backhaul

    About Ethernet Backhaul .................................................................................................................................................. 19-1619-16

    Basic EBH configuration .................................................................................................................................................. 19-1819-18

    About EBH network architecture ................................................................................................................................... 19-1919-19

    Hardware for Ethernet Backhaul .................................................................................................................................... 19-2019-20

    Software for Ethernet Backhaul ..................................................................................................................................... 19-2119-21

    Ethernet Backhaul connections to other network elements .................................................................................. 19-2219-22

    User interfaces for Ethernet Backhaul ......................................................................................................................... 19-2319-23

    Documentation and training for Ethernet Backhaul ................................................................................................ 19-2419-24

    A Quick reference guide to connections between network elements

    Network interconnections .....................................................................................................................................................A-1A-1

    B History of revisions

    Revisions to this document ...................................................................................................................................................B-1B-1

    C Quick reference guide to Alcatel-Lucent CDMA and 1xEV-DO base stations

    Guide to CDMA base stations .............................................................................................................................................C-1C-1

    Glossary

    Index

    Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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    Issue 5.1 November 2011

    xiii

  • Contents

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    xiv CDMA

    401-610-102 Release 35.0 and later

    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • List of tables

    4-1 General documentation on the MMCv4 ......................................................................................................... 4-134-13

    4-2 General documentation on the Alcatel-Lucent MMCv2 ........................................................................... 4-244-24

    4-3 General documentation on the Alcatel-Lucent MMCv1 ........................................................................... 4-344-34

    4-4 General documentation on the Alcatel-Lucent 9290 MM-APCC ......................................................... 4-474-47

    4-5 Alcatel-Lucent CDMANetwork 9290 Mobility Manager training ...................................................... 4-484-48

    4-6 Comparison of AP hardware types ................................................................................................................... 4-614-61

    4-7 Applications per Access Manager ..................................................................................................................... 4-654-65

    4-8 Customer documentation for each application ............................................................................................. 4-674-67

    4-9 OMP versions per Access Manager in Release 37.0 .................................................................................. 4-694-69

    7-1 Base station component acronyms ..................................................................................................................... 7-67-6

    11-1 9253 OMC-RAN interfaces and their functions .......................................................................................... 11-811-8

    12-1 9254 OMC-RAN Compact interfaces and their functions .................................................................... 12-1612-16

    16-1 Technical specifications of 9980 PAEC chassis ........................................................................................ 16-1216-12

    17-1 Connections between network elements in the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network ............................... 17-317-3

    18-1 Documentation on software licensing ........................................................................................................... 18-1418-14

    A-1 Connections between network elements in the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network ................................ A-1A-1

    C-1 Guide to Alcatel-Lucent CDMA base stations ............................................................................................... C-1C-1

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    CDMA

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  • List of tables

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    xvi CDMA

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    Issue 5.1 November 2011

  • List of figures

    1-1 3G1X CDMA& EVDO Network ....................................................................................................................... 1-21-2

    1-2 CDMACircuit Voice Network (MPC) ............................................................................................................. 1-31-3

    2-1 Conceptual view of a wireless network ............................................................................................................. 2-62-6

    2-2 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network (I-MSC) ........................................................................................... 2-192-19

    2-3 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network (MPC) ............................................................................................... 2-202-20

    2-4 TrFO/RTO Packet Trunking Network (I-MSC) ........................................................................................... 2-222-22

    2-5 3G1X CDMAPacket Data Network with packet data handled by PCF on PHE2 (I-MSC) ....... 2-252-25

    2-6 Mixed-mode 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS) Packet Data Network with

    3G1X CDMANetwork (I-MSC) ................................................................................................................... 2-292-29

    2-7 Standalone 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS) Packet Data Network ..... 2-302-30

    2-8 Master Diagram of the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network (I-MSC) ............................ 2-342-34

    3-1 Components of the I-MSC ..................................................................................................................................... 3-43-4

    3-2 Components of the MPC ......................................................................................................................................... 3-63-6

    4-1 Minimum/maximum cabinet configuration for the MMCv4 ................................................................... 4-64-6

    4-2 MMCv4 software architecture .............................................................................................................................. 4-84-8

    4-3 MMCv4 connections .............................................................................................................................................. 4-114-11

    4-4 MMCv2 UNC frame .............................................................................................................................................. 4-174-17

    4-5 MMCv2 software architecture ............................................................................................................................ 4-194-19

    4-6 MMCv2 connections .............................................................................................................................................. 4-224-22

    4-7 MMC software architecture ................................................................................................................................ 4-294-29

    4-8 MMCv1 connections ............................................................................................................................................ 4-324-32

    4-9 9290 MM base frame ............................................................................................................................................. 4-394-39

    4-10 Base Universal Network Cabinet ..................................................................................................................... 4-404-40

    4-11 Growth Universal Network Cabinet ................................................................................................................. 4-414-41

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • 4-12 9290 MM software architecture ......................................................................................................................... 4-424-42

    4-13 9290 MM connections ........................................................................................................................................... 4-454-45

    4-14 ECP Complex control of network operations ............................................................................................... 4-524-52

    6-1 9281 Packet Switch ................................................................................................................................................... 6-56-5

    6-2 9281 Packet Switch Communications Module ............................................................................................... 6-86-8

    6-3 SM-XC shelf layout ............................................................................................................................................... 6-126-12

    6-4 Hardware components of the PSm ................................................................................................................... 6-166-16

    6-5 9281 Packet Switch architecture and interfaces ........................................................................................... 6-196-19

    6-6 9281 Packet Switch Compact architecture and interfaces ....................................................................... 6-276-27

    6-7 9281 Packet Switch Compact architecture and interfaces ....................................................................... 6-326-32

    6-8 PCF on PHE2 as part of the MSC ..................................................................................................................... 6-526-52

    7-1 Conceptual view of base stations and cells ...................................................................................................... 7-37-3

    7-2 9228 Base Station Macro outdoor cabinet ........................................................................................................ 7-77-7

    7-3 9228 Base Station Macro Outdoor Cabinet, with labels ............................................................................. 7-87-8

    7-4 9228 Base Station Macro Indoor Cabinet Layout, with labels ................................................................. 7-97-9

    8-1 3G1X CDMAPacket Data Network with packet data handled by the PCF on PHE2 ..................... 8-38-3

    9-1 Mixed-mode 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS) Packet Data Network used

    with 3G1X CDMANetwork .............................................................................................................................. 9-89-8

    9-2 Standalone 9271 EV-DO Radio Access System (9271 EV-DO RAS) Packet Data Network ..... 9-119-11

    9-3 9271 EV-DO RAS system reference diagram .............................................................................................. 9-159-15

    9-4 Standalone 9271 EV-DO RAS network connections ................................................................................. 9-199-19

    9-5 9271 EV-DO RNC onATCA chassis ............................................................................................................... 9-269-26

    9-6 Universal Network Cabinet (UNC) used for 9271 EV-DO RNC .......................................................... 9-309-30

    9-7 R1SR frame used for 9271 EV-DO RNC ..................................................................................................... 9-329-32

    9-8 9271 EV-DO RNC and BSOC software ......................................................................................................... 9-349-34

    10-1 9256 OMPv2 .......................................................................................................................................................... 10-1610-16

    11-1 SunNetra

    1280 server used for the 9253 OMC-RAN ....................................................................... 11-411-4

    List of figures

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  • 11-2 9253 OMC-RAN software architecture .......................................................................................................... 11-611-6

    12-1 9254 OMC Compact Cabinet ............................................................................................................................. 12-612-6

    12-2 Contents of the OMC-RAN Compact Cabinet with both 9256 OMP and 9254 OMC-RAN

    Compact .................................................................................................................................................................. 12-912-9

    12-3 SunNetra

    440 server used for the 9254 OMC-RAN Compact, front view ............................. 12-1112-11

    12-4 SunNetra

    440 server used for the 9254 OMC-RAN Compact, back view ............................. 12-1212-12

    12-5 9254 OMC-RAN Compact software architecture .................................................................................... 12-1412-14

    15-1 The OTASP/OTAPANetwork (OTANetwork) ........................................................................................... 15-415-4

    15-2 9259 OTAF hardware ............................................................................................................................................ 15-815-8

    15-3 9259 OTAF cluster connections ...................................................................................................................... 15-1115-11

    16-1 Traditional acoustic echo cancellation ............................................................................................................ 16-416-4

    16-2 Where packet acoustic echo cancellation occurs for inter-MSC traffic .............................................. 16-616-6

    16-3 Where packet acoustic echo cancellation occurs for intra-MSC traffic .............................................. 16-716-7

    16-4 Processing of target and reference packets in a G.711u call flow ......................................................... 16-916-9

    16-5 Parts of the 9980 PAEC ...................................................................................................................................... 16-1116-11

    16-6 Chassis diagram for 9980 PAEC application .............................................................................................. 16-1416-14

    17-1 Master Diagram of the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network (I-MSC) ............................ 17-217-2

    18-1 Traditional FAF architecture ............................................................................................................................... 18-618-6

    18-2 Traditional FAF process ........................................................................................................................................ 18-718-7

    18-3 Software license key activation and management process .................................................................... 18-1218-12

    19-1 Master Diagram of the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network (I-MSC) ............................ 19-419-4

    19-2 Converged IP Backhaul Network ................................................................................................................... 19-1019-10

    19-3 Ethernet Backhaul basic transport configuration ...................................................................................... 19-1819-18

    List of figures

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  • List of figures

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  • About this documentAbout this document

    Purpose

    This information product gives you a high-level tour of the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and

    1xEV-DO Network and of all the network elements in this network. From here on in this

    document, the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network will be called the 3G1X and

    1xEV-DO Network.

    After reading this book you should be able to:

    Describe the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network

    Identify the network elements that make up the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network

    State the functionality of each network element

    State where to find information on the protocols and physical connections between all

    network elements in the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network

    Scope

    This document is a high-level introduction to the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network. In-depth

    descriptions of individual components of network elements are not included here. For

    readers who need more detailed information, references to related customer documents

    are given throughout the document.

    Supported software releases

    In accordance with the CDMA Software Support Policy (401-005-100), CDMARelease

    34.0 is declared as Discontinued Availability as of October 2011.

    Information supporting Release 34 and earlier is no longer maintained and may be

    removed from documents and the OLCS website.

    If you are supporting MSCs using Release 34 or earlier, we recommend that you retain

    the documents for that release.

    ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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    xxi

  • Reason for reissue for Issue 5.1

    Technical information that is added or changed for Issue 5.1 of this document is identified

    in the following table.

    Feature

    ID

    (FID)

    Feature Name or

    Reason for

    Changes

    New or changed material

    NA To correct a

    technical error

    In Release 37.0 the interactive diagrams do not work in the

    epub version of the document. This document was corrected

    to state that only the webdocs version of the interactive

    diagrams work in Release 37.0.

    Reason for reissue for Issue 5

    Technical information that is added or changed for Issue 5 of this document is identified

    in the following table.

    Feature

    ID

    (FID)

    Feature Name or

    Reason for

    Changes

    New or changed material

    NA Interactive Network

    Element Diagrams

    To help you find network element descriptions more quickly,

    two interactive diagrams have been added to this document.

    For more on this, see Chapter 1, Interactive diagrams.

    12092.0 Gigabit IP Backhaul

    (NAR)

    To support IP Backhaul on the PHE4, the following was

    updated: Features (p. 6-47)

    12092.1 Gigabit IP Backhaul

    (INTL)

    12092.2 Gigabit IP Backhaul

    - Long Lead (NAR)

    12092.3 Gigabit IP Backhaul

    - Long Lead (INTL)

    14300.81 ECP/DCS Interface

    Over SCTP (FPS)

    (NAR only)

    These features support the MMCv4/Packet Switch

    SCTP/IP/Ethernet connection. The SCTP/IP/Ethernet

    connection is needed because with the MMCv4 there is no

    SS7 F-link between the Access Manager and the Packet

    Switch, as there is with earlier Access Managers.

    14300.82 ECP/DCS Interface

    Over SCTP (AM)

    About this document

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Feature

    ID

    (FID)

    Feature Name or

    Reason for

    Changes

    New or changed material

    15616.1 Migrate

    FMM/MMCv1/

    MMCv2 AP to

    ATCA platform

    In Release 37.0 the 9290 MMC was migrated to a new

    hardware platform, the ATCA chassis, and called MMCv4.

    The following parts of this document have been added or

    changed to describe the MMCv4:

    new section: Mobility Manager Compact v4 (p. 4-4)

    New material on the MMCv4 in the rest of Chapter 4,

    Access Managers

    14300.0

    CDMA

    Mobil-

    ity

    Server

    Alcatel-Lucent now

    has several MSC

    offerings:

    I-MSC

    MPC (NEW)

    BSOC

    To explain the MPC and its relationship to the other MSCs,

    the following material was revised or added:

    Chapter 3, Mobile Switching Center (MSC)

    Chapter 4, Access Managers

    Chapter 5, CDMAMobility Server (CMS)

    Packet Switch Gateway (PSG) (p. 6-38)

    See also the following changed graphics, which show the

    differences between a 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network

    using the I-MSC and a 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network

    using the MPC:

    Figure 2-2, 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network

    (I-MSC) (p. 2-19)

    Figure 2-3, 3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network

    (MPC) (p. 2-20)

    14300.20 SIGTRAN M3UA

    SG on ALU 9281

    PS (INTL)

    This feature implements the SIGTRAN M3UA PH on the

    9281 PS so that the 9281 PS can perform as a signalling

    gateway.

    For more on this, see Support for the SIGTRAN M3UA

    Signaling Gateway (SG) feature (p. 6-53).

    15669.1 OMPMigration to

    ATCA Platform

    Co-resident with

    ATCAMMCv4

    In Release 37.0 the 9256 OMP was migrated to a new

    hardware platform, the ATCA chassis, which resides with the

    MMCv4 in the same Universal Network ATCACabinet

    (UNAC).

    The new version of the 9256 OMP is called the 9256 OMPv4.

    The following parts of this document have been added or

    revised for the 9256 OMPv4:

    About the 9256 OMPv4 (p. 10-3)

    OMP versions per Access Manager (p. 4-69)

    About this document

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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    xxiii

  • Feature

    ID

    (FID)

    Feature Name or

    Reason for

    Changes

    New or changed material

    20000.0 Introduction of

    ATCA-based EVDO

    RNC

    In a Release 36.0 SU the EVDO RNC was migrated to a new

    hardware platform, the ATCA chassis and called the ATCA

    RNC.

    Introduction of the ATCARNC caused the following changes

    to this document:

    updates to this section: 9271 EV-DO RAS (p. 9-3)

    this new section: About the 9271 EV-DO RNC

    (p. 9-23)

    NA The OMP EMS GUI

    is discontinued in

    Release 37.0. A

    command-based

    OMP tool is

    provided for AP

    Frame

    Configuration on

    OMPv2 and

    OMPv4.

    This document has been updated to state that the OMP EMS

    is not available from Release 37.0 on.

    NA To remove mention

    of the 9270 1X

    RNC

    All information about the 9270 1X RNC was removed, since

    the 9270 1X RNC is not available in Release 37.0.

    NA NA The 9900 Wireless Network Guardian (WNG) is not

    considered part of the CDMA network so all mention of the

    9900 WNG has been removed from this document.

    NA To reflect all the

    enhancements and

    changes in this

    release

    The definitions in Network-related terms used in this

    chapter (p. 2-7) have been updated.

    The network diagrams in Chapter 2, Network architecture

    and throughout the document have been updated.

    The glossary has been updated.

    NA New functionality To reflect new functionality, Multiple AEC boards and

    additional codecs of EVRC-B and G.711u, Chapter 16, 9980

    Packet Acoustic Echo Cancellation (PAEC) was updated.

    About this document

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • To obtain technical support, documentation, and training or submit feedback

    The Online Customer Support (OLCS) web site, http://support.alcatel-lucent.com,

    provides access to technical support, related documentation, related training, and

    feedback tools. The site also provides account registration for new users.

    How to comment

    To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://infodoc.alcatel-

    lucent.com/comments/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline

    ([email protected]).

    About this document

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • About this document

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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    xxvi CDMA

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  • 1 1Interactive diagrams

    Overview

    Purpose

    This topic contains two interactive diagrams. Use the diagrams to find information on any

    of the network elements shown in the diagrams.

    webdocs version is interactive

    The diagrams work interactively if you are viewing this document through webdocs

    (HTML).

    PDF and eReader versions is not interactive

    The diagrams will not work interactively if you are viewing this document in PDF form

    or in an eReader format.

    Contents

    Interactive diagram 3G1X CDMA and 1xEV-DO Network (I-MSC) 1-2

    Interactive diagram CDMACircuit Voice Network (MPC) 1-3

    ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Interactive diagram 3G1X CDMA and 1xEV-DO Network

    (I-MSC)

    Open in webdocs (html)

    To use an interactive version of this document, open the document in webdocs, the online

    html version.

    I-MSC version

    Click on any network element in the following diagram to access information about that

    network element.

    Note: To get back to the diagram from the information page, click on your browser's

    Back button.

    Figure 1-1 3G1X CDMA & EVDO Network

    Interactive diagrams Interactive diagram 3G1X CDMA and 1xEV-DO Network

    (I-MSC)

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Interactive diagram CDMA Circuit Voice Network (MPC)

    Open in webdocs (html)

    To use an interactive version of this document, open the document in webdocs, the online

    html version.

    MPC version

    Click on any network element in the following diagram to access information about that

    network element.

    Note: To get back to the diagram from the information page, click on your browser's

    Back button.

    Figure 1-2 CDMA Circuit Voice Network (MPC)

    Interactive diagrams Interactive diagram CDMA Circuit Voice Network (MPC)

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Interactive diagrams Interactive diagram CDMA Circuit Voice Network (MPC)

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • 2 2Network architecture

    Overview

    Purpose

    This document describes the Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network, the network

    elements that make up that network, and the service-specific networks within the 3G1X

    and 1xEV-DO Network.

    One network

    Alcatel-Lucent has one Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) wireless network, the

    Alcatel-Lucent 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network, hereafter called the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO

    Network. The 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network is described in this document.

    Many network elements

    Many network elements are described in this document. All the network elements

    described in this document belong to the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network.

    Multiple services

    To meet the growing and diversified needs of wireless customers, Alcatel-Lucent has

    enriched its CDMAwireless network by offering a variety of wireless services, including

    packet voice and packet data services. Though the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network remains

    one physical network, the network can be configured to provide many different services.

    This is done by creating service-specific networks within the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO

    Network.

    What is a service-specific network?

    A service-specific network is a set of network elements of the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO

    Network that have been configured to provide a specific service. All Alcatel-Lucent

    service-specific networks described in this document, however, are still CDMA-based

    and are still part of the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network.

    ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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    2-1

  • What is a network element?

    A network element (NE) is a unique entity within the network. Each NE consists of

    multiple physical and logical resources, which can be configured and monitored

    separately, or as a group. For example, a single base station would be considered a

    network element.

    Shared network elements

    The service-specific networks use a variety of network elements. Some network elements,

    such as base stations, are shared between all the service-specific networks. Other network

    elements are only used by one service-specific network. Other network elements are used

    by several service-specific networks.

    Regardless of whether the network elements are shared between service-specific networks

    or not, all of the network elements presented in this document are part of the 3G1X and

    1xEV-DO Network.

    Benefits of the service-specific network approach

    The use of service-specific networks within one physical network provides the following

    benefits for the service provider:

    The sharing of network elements between Alcatel-Lucent service-specific networks

    reduces capital expenses for the service provider.

    The use of common OA&M platforms reduces the cost of training and saves time that

    would be spent in learning new user interfaces.

    Purpose of this chapter

    This chapter describes the functions of a wireless network, gives a basic description of a

    wireless network, and then provides an overview of the service-specific networks within

    the 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network.

    Purpose of this document

    The rest of this document gives an overview of the many network elements provided by

    Alcatel-Lucent that work together to make these service-specific networks possible.

    Contents

    About wireless networks 2-4

    Conceptual view of a wireless network 2-5

    Network-related terms used in this chapter 2-7

    About call flows 2-16

    Network architecture Overview

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Alcatel-Lucent service-specific networks 2-17

    3G1X CDMACircuit Voice Network 2-18

    TrFO/RTO Packet Trunking Network 2-21

    3G1X CDMAPacket Data Network 2-24

    9271 EV-DO RAS Packet Data Network 2-27

    3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network Backhaul Networks 2-31

    Master Diagram 2-33

    Network architecture Overview

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • About wireless networks

    Overview

    Purpose

    This section explains the basic components and basic functionality of every wireless

    network.

    Contents

    Conceptual view of a wireless network 2-5

    Network-related terms used in this chapter 2-7

    About call flows 2-16

    Network architecture

    About wireless networks

    Overview

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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  • Conceptual view of a wireless network

    What is a wireless network?

    In this document the term wireless network is defined as all the facilities that make

    wireless service possible.

    Three functions

    Any wireless network, regardless of the company that provides the wireless network,

    must carry out the following three functions:

    Bearer function

    Control function

    OA&M function

    What is the bearer function?

    The bearer function is carried o


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