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S'ECTION -4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS DURING LAST TWO DECADES VILLAGE EXTENSION CENTRES UNDER THE SCHEME OF COMMUNI_TY POLYTECHNICS COVERAGE OF HABITATED VILLAGES COVERAGE OF RURAL POPULATION TRAINING & TECHNICAL SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH C.P. IN M.P. FLOW CHART OF MAN POWER DEVELOPMENT & TRAINING TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFERRED TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICES COMMUNITY SERVICES YEAR WISE GRANTS RECEIVED AND EXPENDITURE INCURRED EMPLOYMENT GENERATION IN RURAL AREA OF M. P. STATUS OF CO-ORDINATION WITH DIFFERENT ORGANISATIONS TECHNICAL VALIDATION SURVEY OF DRINKING WATER FOR NOT COVERED RURAL HABITATION HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES FOR RAJIV GANDID DRINKING WATER MISSION SCHEME OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNIC IN THE MINORITY . CONCENT-RATED DISTRICTS OF MADHYA PRADESH ESTABLISHMENT OF ENERGY PARKS SANITATION PARKS SC & ST DOMINATED DISTRICTS OF MADHYA PRADESH TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF GRAPHS & SUPPORT DATA *"
Transcript
Page 1: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

S'ECTION - 4

GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS DURING LAST TWO DECADES

VILLAGE EXTENSION CENTRES UNDER THE SCHEME OF COMMUNI_TY POLYTECHNICS

COVERAGE OF HABITATED VILLAGES

COVERAGE OF RURAL POPULATION

TRAINING & TECHNICAL SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH C.P. IN M.P. FLOW CHART OF MAN POWER DEVELOPMENT & TRAINING

TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFERRED

TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICES

COMMUNITY SERVICES

YEAR WISE GRANTS RECEIVED AND EXPENDITURE INCURRED

EMPLOYMENT GENERATION IN RURAL AREA OF M. P.

STATUS OF CO-ORDINATION WITH DIFFERENT ORGANISATIONS

TECHNICAL VALIDATION SURVEY OF DRINKING WATER FOR NOT COVERED RURAL HABITATION

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES FOR RAJIV GANDID DRINKING WATER MISSION

SCHEME OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNIC IN THE MINORITY . CONCENT-RATED DISTRICTS OF MADHYA PRADESH

ESTABLISHMENT OF ENERGY PARKS

SANITATION PARKS

SC & ST DOMINATED DISTRICTS OF MADHYA PRADESH

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF GRAPHS & SUPPORT DATA

*"

Page 2: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN C. P. DURING LAST lWO DECADES

Community Polytechnic scheme was launched In M.P. In the year 1978 with·

the Involvement of its polytechnic. the then named as pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

polytechnic. Sanawad and now taken over by Govt. and renamed as Govt. . .

Polytechnic at Khurai in 1979 then a non Govt. institution. Later taken over by Govt.

on the request of Its governing body and the faculty. Then In 1984 S. V. Govt.

Polytechnic Bhopal opted for this scheme.

The C. P. started at Bhopal Polytechnic had the highest concentration of

minorities. known as Minority Community Polytechnic being 26.29 percent. in the

state. Later this C.P. became a general C.P. as the scheme grew further in the

state. But it continues with the trades close to minority community alongwith general

engineering and non engineering trades for general population in the district.

Since then the scheme has continued a steady growth in the involvement of

polytechnics. the major growth years being 1986. 1993 and 1994. The present

status being the coverage of 59% of the Co-ed polytechnics and 70% of women

polytechnics out of. 34 Co-ed polytechnics and 10 women polytechnics

respectively in the state: Thus an average 61 % of the total polytechnics are

covered by C.P. in M.P. The larger coverage of women polytechnics under CP in

the state is as per the policies of GOI and State Govt. regarding women

development and greater emphasis on women empowerment.

The yearwise growth of the scheme in the state can be studied from the

following tab1e and 4 graphs.

Till date a total of 27 polytechnics have been covered by C.P.S in the state

out of which 20 are Co-ed and the remaining 7 are women polytechnics. The

IH

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present non government polytechnics which are only two In the state have not

been covered. The efforts are being made to cover these polytechnics also, •

situated at Indore and Vldlsha to bring them under the net of C.P.

YEAR WISE INVOLVEMENT OF INSTITUTIONS

YEAR POLYTECHNIC NAME TOTAL NO. OF INSTITUTIONS

1978 SANAWAD

1979 KHURAI 2

1984 S.V.POLY .. BHOPAL 3

1986 SHAH DOL. NOWGONG. GWALIOR. DURG. KHANDWA 8

1991 SEONI. DHAMTARI. HARDA 11

1992 AMBIKAPUR 12

1993 UJJAIN. DAMOH. JHABUA, JABAL PUR 16

1994 SAGAR. JAGDALPUR. RAIPUR. W.POLY. BHOPAL. BURHANPUR. JABALPUR 22

1995 W.POLY.INDORE. ASHOKNAGAR 24

1996 KHIRSADOH. BALAGHAT. RAIGARH 27

Page 4: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

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Page 5: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

30

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1995

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Page 6: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

30

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Page 7: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

7 6 5

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Page 8: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

VILLAGE EXTENSTION CENTRES UNDER SCHEME OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Rural development the main objectives of C.S.P .. Is achieved by the various

programmes divided In six groups, each consisting of a variety of activities as

required by the concept of Integrated rural development principles. These

actlvities/ programmes are implemented through well established cEilntres in the

main centrally located model village among a cluster of villages. These are

provided with necessary infrastructure and technicians of suitable level as per the

requirement of local trades, selected for· Manpower development and other

programmes. These centres are termed as "Village extension centres". Normally the

cluster should comprise of 1 0-15 villages in such a way that a population of 1 0-15

thousand is covered through each village extension centre (V.E.C.).

These V.E.Cs are the hub of extension activities like a well established mini

workshop/training centre of different trades. Various tools/equipments/ work-table

etc. are provided with a facility of certificate level theory and practical classes. The

methodology of training/instruction/communication in these centres are non formal

and the medium of instruction as far. as possible is through the local rural language/

dialect suitable to the rural trainees for proper understanding. Though for each

trade a suitable syllabus aimed at achieving the required level of skill, in a specified

time frame is prescribed, but care is taken of the individual trainees' learning

potential so that the drop outs are avoided to the maximum possible extent.

To achieve the above objective the Project Officer and Assistant Project

Officers are provided proper training and exposure at the National level institutes

like "National Institute of Rural Development", Hydrabad and various National/State

level training programmes/workshops. The Principals of the Polytechnics are also

required to. attend these periodical training programmes/Workshop to keep

H6

Page 9: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

themselves abreast with the latest methodologies/Studies/action research results. al /

aimed at making the training effective In the rural environment.

Initially there was a provision of 2 to 3 village extension centres per CPs

Institutes but after the reviews of the schemes (By Kalbag and Luther committees)

the standard number of village extension centres has been fixed at 5. enabling

each Institute to cover a total rural population of 45-50 thousand approximately in

the district through 30 to 45 villages and the corresponding gradual growth of the

infrastructure within the district in a period of 2 to 3 years. Therefore each Institute is

advised to prepare a small master plan of the growth of CPs regarding the gradual

increase in the establlsnment of village extension centres ultimately covering the o

required village population. Ministry of HRD. Gov!. of India have increased the

financial inputs accordingly in their revised financial guidelines/norms linking it with

the growth in the number of centres and programmes.

Various developmental activities of different Gov!. departments/non Gov!.

organisations/ voluntary agencies concerning various aspects of rural development

are co-ordinated and linked through these centres as well. Thus these centres also

serve as centres of information to the rural population. Madhya Pradesh Gov!. and

Directorate of Technical Education have provided full autonomy to the Institutions •

for selection of location and establishment of these village extension centres. The

gradual growth of these centres over the years in M.P. has been depicted in the

chart entitled "Year wise growth of ECS". The study of this chart indicates steep

increase in the number of these centres in last two years i.e. 1995 and 1996 as

expected by the upward revision of financial norms by Gov!. of India.

In general these centres have rendered satisfactory service regarding

integrated rural development work and providing self employment to rural

unemployed which has been shown under the status of self employment after the

training through C.P.S.

H7

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45

40

gps

W

I­ Z ~

30

z Q

en

z 25

w

I- ~ u.

20

o ci z 15

10 5 o

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ph N

o. 5

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e E

stab

lishm

ent o

f Ext

ensi

on C

entre

s in

Mad

hya

Prad

esh 40

\

24

16

5 4

4

1 1

,

1984

19

86

1991

19

92

1993

19

94

1995

96

-Mid

YEA

RS

iCExIn

·i

No

te:

(a)

Dat

a o

f 19

96 is

upt

o m

id-y

ear,

bu

t im

ple

me

nta

tion

is in

pro

gre

ss

(b)

Fo

r m

ore

det

ails

see

th

e c

ha

pte

r d

esc

rip

tio

n o

f en

clo

sed

gra

ph

.

Page 11: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

ph N

o. 6

Yea

rwis

e In

crea

se o

f Ext

ensi

on C

entre

s in

Mad

hya

Prad

esh

100

, 95

90

II)

80

0

c:: I=! 2:

70

w

71

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2: 0

60

iii

2: W

f-50

>< w

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2:

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1984

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1991

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1993

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1995

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(b)

For

mor

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ter

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Page 12: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

COVERAGE OFHABITATED VILLAGES

Selection of proper villages for Implementation of CPS by the polytechnics

has been the most Important pre project activity In Madhya Pradesh,

Out of a total of 5861 74 villages in the country Madhya Pradesh has Its share

of 71526 habltated villages, The average status of these villages and the existing

diversities due to regional and cultural variation across the state has already been

pointed out earlier in this document. Without going Into the detailed study and

discussion about sociological, anthropological and agricultural aspect of the rural

life in different regions of the state, influenced by the socio-cultural patterns of

seven neighbouring states, a general look exhibits a variety of difference in the . -

regional needs and priorities of villages of M. p, This indicates a wide diversity in local

needs of integrated development methodologies including different aspects of

manpower development and the appropriate technologies,

Thus a thorough study of the existing status of the villages and the existing

ongoing programmes, where CPS villages extension centres were to be established

by the Polytechnics was essential, This study in general was done with the help of a

fresh socio economic and technological sUNey and the earlier sUNey results by

DRDAs and other available work done in the area by other agencies/organisation.

The accuracy of the conclusion drawn after such a study is a major determinant for

the success' of the CPS and the deciding the location of V,E.C, & the types of

activities to be undertaken in future over a period of time to achieve the desired

level of rural development as per the objectives and the priorities of the target

groups,

The other secondary factors which decided the location of the villages for

establishments of V,E.C, were its approach from the institution, local co-ordination,

co-operation, acceptability, the _ existing level of awareness available, previous

experiences, communication and the existing developmental programmes •

H8

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undertaken by other Governmental and non Governmental agencies. These are

also studied to avoid duplication of efforts and the development of a conflicting

situation due to clash of Interests and other factors. In an Integrated efforts all the

activities should supplement each other. Therefore this secondary factor Is also of

vital Importance.

In addition to the above. the Institutional factors like resources available In

terms of professional expertlss. time. finances. technologies. personnel and

academic reqUirements also are considered before finalising the clust~r of villages

and the location of a modal village for establishment of V.E.C. for Implementing

the C.P.S. Basically being an academic Institution there are restriction/constraints

faced by the Institutions. which have the first priority for teaching. skill development

and assessment of the regular students and the corresponding management work

of the college.

Obviously. a careful study of the intra-institutional and extra-institutional

aspects has to be made for a l;>alanced approach which is essential for the

success of the scheme. The Institutions in Madhya Pradesh have. thus. selected the

villages and the areas of operation carefully after giving the consideration to the

aforesaid factors.

The year wise growth in coverage of the villages in M.P. is shown in the chart

entitled "Year wise coverage of village". This chart studied with the map of M.P.

given in this document also exhibits the number of SC and ST dominated villages

covered by the polytechnic of M.P.

149

Page 14: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

ph N

o.7

Yea

rwis

e C

urre

nt S

tatu

s of

Vill

ages

Cov

ered

in M

adhy

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h

300

283

250

<f)

~

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I ::5

I+m

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3

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0 Z

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, 19

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1986

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1992

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1994

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96-M

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YE

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S

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(a)

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a of

19

96

is u

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r, b

ut i

mp

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enta

tio

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s in

pro

gres

s (b

) F

or

mor

e de

tails

see

th

e ch

apte

r d

escr

ipti

on

of e

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d g

rap

h.

Page 15: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

900

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rn ~

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0 d z 40

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Page 16: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

45

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Page 17: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

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Page 18: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

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Page 19: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

COVERAGE OF RURAL POLULATION

NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V.E. CWISE

RURAL SL. EXTENSION POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE

CENTRE ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED TION

1 GOVT. WOMENS 1. KAMPEL 1995 KAMPEL 12,000

POLYTECHNIC, PIVDAI 10,000

INDORE PIPLADA 10,000

PEDMI 5,000

MUNDLA 5,000

0 SENDIA • 4,000

UNDEL 3,000

2 GOVERNMENT 1. BHIBHOURI 1994 BHIBHOURI 1,000 o ,

POLYTECHNIC, KOTA 700

DURG NEVNARA 900 SINGARDEH 500 KALMHI 500

GANCHELI 1,500

KOHDIYA 800 GONDGIRI 1,000

PIRDA 1,300

NAYADHABA 500

LABTARA 0 600

SILGHAT 900 BORSI 700

2. KUTHREL 1995 KONARI 1,400 CHINGRI 1,900 ACHOTI 1,800

BHARDA 1,200

KUTHREL 3,500

3.GAGADEEH 1995 GAGADEEH 750

GUDIYARI 500 AMMALORI 900

4. KHOPLI 1995 MARTODEEH 1,500

MACHHADUR 2,000

KATRODEEH 1,500

DHUDHIDEEH 2,000 PARAI 2,000

UTAI 5,000 UMERPORI 1,500

PAOURA 2,500

fCASHIDEEH 1,500

5. ANJOURA 1996 ANJOURA 5,600 CHANGORI 3,000 TAHNOUD 5,000 BIREJHAR 3,000

150

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V. E. CWISE

RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED POPULA-

CENTRE TION

6. PATAN 1996 PATAN 10,000

AKHARA 2,000 KHORPA 2,500 ATARI 1,500

3. GOVERNMENT 1. HANDIA 1993 HANDIA 15,000

POLYTECHNIC, MALPONE 2,000

HARDA HIRAPUR • 2,500 v NEMABAR 15,000

DHURGARA 3,000 KOKIPURA 1,000 BAGRUL 1,000 MANGRUL 1,000 BHAMORI 2,000 MALLAHPURA 1,000 NEMIAKJERI 1,000

2. SIRALI' 1993 SIRALI 15,000

DJULIA 2,000 . BANDI MUHADIA 2,500 .

DEEPGAON 4,000

DHANKAR 3,000 KHUDIA 1,500 RAMPURA 2,500 PIPALlYA 4,000 VIKRAMPUR 3,000

JINVANYA 3,000 MOHANPUR 2,000 MAHENDRAGAON 4,500

DANGAVA 4,500

3. CHARUKHA 1995 PANDVA 5,000

KHIRKIA 45,000

CHOUKRI 4,500

CHARUKHA 10,000

DEEPGAON KALA 6,000

CHIPABAD 20,000 [)HOLGAON 6,000

·SOMGAON 6,000

POKHARNI 8,000

4. GOVERNMENT 1. SEMARIA 1986 THITI 4,875

POLYTECHNIC, GHATIGA JHAKHA

GWALIOR HIMMATGARH PHAR

151

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NAME OF VILLAGE

YEAR V. E. C WISE RURAL

SL. EXTENSION POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE

CENTRE ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED TION

2. SARAI 1986 SARAI 4,875

PANIHAR NAYAGAON 1,562

RAIPUR BILLOUA 2,632 . BANWAR 6,342

SANSA 1,618 BADHA 495 BHATPURA 611

UTILA 20,633 MANPURA MURRI

9. TEHOULI 1992 TEHOUL/ 2,583

10. RATBAI 1993 RATBAI 1,842

11. ANTARI 1994 ANTARI 3,662

12. TIGRA 1995 TIGRA 939

MAL/PUR 433 KHARVIA 134

5 GOVT. WOMEN 1. EIMAGIRD 1994 EIMAGIRD 5,242

POLYTECHNIC, LODHIPURA 545

BURHANPUR !.ON I 1,443 NASEERABAD 769 CHINCHALA 1,459 PANOUDA 296 I3AHADARPUR 6,741

2. BAMBHADA 1995 BAMBHADA 6,720 NACHANKHERA 1,783

SIRDOUDA 904

MOHAD 2,266

BHAWSA 1,755

SHAHPUR 11,578 CHAPPOURA 4,046 CHAMANGOAN 1,564 KHARIMETHA 1,600

3. ASEERGARH 1996 ASEERAGARH 742 DAHINALA 646 HASANPUR 964 JHANKAR 766 JHIRI 143 NIMBOLA 2,531 BORGOAN 6,372 BORI 1,540 BASAND 645

152

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NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V. E. CWISE

RURAL SL. EXTENSION POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE

CENTRE ESTT. VILLAGES COVERED TION

6 GOVERNMENT 1. MUDIA 1994 MUDIA 2,600

POLYTECHNIC, BAMANPURA DAMOH MANPURA

BANGAON ANKHKHERA KHMKHERA . '. SHYAMARPATI KUANKHERA

2. KHAJRI 1994 KHAJRI 2,500 ' SINGPUR CHINDOURA MUDIA KARIJOG KHEJRAPURA PAIYRA

3. ABHANA 1995 ABHANA 3,000 BISNAKHERI RAJGHAT HARDUA PATI KATIA GHATPATI LAKHANPUR SHYAMARPATI MUTHIA

4. NOHATA 1995 NOHATA 3,200

. BHINNA SEMARA PIPARIYA KHAMARIYA BIJORI HARDUA

5. BANSA 1995 BANSA 4,000

HINOTA TARKHERA DEVRAN SEHORA PADARIA HANTNA DHANGOUR SARKHARI MUDIA KUMERIA

153

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NAME OF VILLAGE V. E. CWISE

RURAL SL. EXTENSION

YEAR POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE ESTT • VILLAGES COVERED

CENTRE TION

6. BANDAKPUR 1995 BANDAKPUR 3,900 . TIKLI

PIPARIYA MUDARI HINOTA

,

HARDUA JUJHAR

7. HIRDEPUR 1996 HIRDEPUR 2,800 KILLALAI KEERASA ITABA PIPARIYA HATNA KHEJRA KUVARPUR

8. TEJGARH 1996 TEJGARH 3,500 . PATLONI

, PATERIA SAMOAI HARAI KARONOI , PAOARIA

9. KHOJAKHERI 1996 KHOJAKHERI SIMRI PARSORIYA IMLAI SEMARA NERU MARA CHOUTHA BAMHORI

7 GOVERNMENT 1. NAGRI 1995 NAGRI 9,100

POLYTECHNIC, DUGLI 1,027

OHAMTARI CHIPLI 1,849 PHARSIA 1,986

SEMRA 2,100 CHIPLIPARA 982

SEHABA 2,630 BHOTHLI 690

BOORA 795 SANKRA 5,902

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V. E. CWISE

RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED

POPULA-

CENTRE TION

2. DAHl 1995 DAHl 2,020

KURRA 1,890

REWAGHAN 1,509

GUJRA 1,590 . JUNBANI 1,200

SEMRA 1,500

SENCHUA . 1,900 BIJNAPURI 1,090 BODRAPURI 1,000

PURl 1,009

3. KURUD 1995 KANHARPURI 1,200 DANDESARA 1,300 MONGRA 1,300

KOKDI 1,200

KATALBOD 1,200 0

BAN GAR 1,200

KOLIARI 1,500 BHATAGAON 2,000 MAROUD 2,000

·THOOHA 1,500

4. MAGARLOAD 1995 MAGARLOAD 3,500

BHAISMINDI 1,500 BHARDA 1,500

PARASWANI 1,500 AMACHANI 1,200

MEGHA 2,000

HARD I 1,800 KARELI CHOTTI 1,400

KARELI BADI 2,000 .

MOHANDI 1,500

5. GANGREL 1995 GANGREL 1,300

RUDRI 2,500

BHATGAON 1,500

8 GOVT. WOMENS 1. MAKRONIYA 1995 MAKRONIYA 8,000

POLYTECHNIC, GAMBHIRIYA 4,000

SAGAR SIRANJA 3,500 RAJAKHERI 25,000

JINDA 3,000

SEMRABAG 3,500 BARKHERI 4,000 BADTOOMA 2,500

155

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NAME OF VILLAGE V. E. CWISE .

RURAL SL. EXTENSION

YEAR POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED

CENTRE TION

9 GOVT. WOMENS 1. BAIRANBAZAR 1994 BORIAKAL 2,941

POLYTECHNIC, DEVPURI 2,175

RAIPUR DUJ'lDA 2,091

TEMRI 3,686

KANDOOL 1,193

PURENA 2,517 SARONA 6,231 BHATAGAON 5,634 RAIPURA 4,789 DATERENGA 1,826

2. ABHANPUR 1996 ABHANPUR 5,945 URLA 2,805 HASDA 2,591 GO;rIYARDEEH 888 GATAPAR 1,201 SPATPARA 1,027 NAYAK BANDH 2,021 THELKA BANDH 1,238

3. BHATAPARA 1996 TARENGA 4,360

SURAJPURA 1,096 SEMARIA 759 KHAKHEKHLI 990

KADAR 1,600 SINGARPUR 2,289

REKHA 1,120

10 GOVERNMENT 1. MOHGOAN 1991 ,

MOHAGAON 1,480

POLYTECHNIC, SUKTARA 1,258

SEONI KALBODI 960

KARIYA 945

AAMGOAN 1,240

SARASDOL 956

BARDHAR 432

2. CHITAPAR 1992 MUDARA 612

CHITAPAR 910

RAJOULA 1,032 GODEGOAN 1,139 KARANGI 1,060

'HARHARPUR 665

3. BHOMA 1992 BHOMA 1,784 KARKOTI 1,251 BHOMATOLA 1,179

156

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE

YEA R V. E. CWISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERE D POPULA-

CENTRE TION • KATIYA 1,182

SALIWADA 680 BAMHODI 1,390 INDAWADI 1,153 BARELI PAR 1,260 VIJAPANI , 860 MAHALJIR 1,150

• 4. KANHIWADA 1992 KANHIWADA 8,132 KAMTA 1,800 MADIATOLA 450 BAMHANWADA 1,120

> DHUI 2,900

5. BORI 1994 BORI 3,500 MUNDAPAR 1,960 KHOOT 2,000 SALHEKHURD 1,595 GHOURGBADA 1,680 BICHOUA 1,575

6. PINDRAI 1994 PINDRAI 2,343 SELUA 1,380 BADAMGANJ 870 BAMHODI 1,875 BUDHAINA 2,190

- MOHGOAN 1,580

7. KHURSIPAR 1994 KHURSIPAR 1200

KESLA 2100

SINGPUR 1750

CHIJBAN 2175 CHINBARA 1990

8. PACHDHAR 1995 PACHDHAR 540

NAYEGOAN 335 MUDIAREETH 405 CHIKHLlTOLA 663 JEEREBADA 555 MOHGOAN 774

9. KHAWSA 1995 KHAWSA 3,500 TURIA 1,160 RIDDI 845 BEHDAPAR 1,046 KHANDASA 858

10. KHARI 1994 KHARI 3,450 NAGHAR 1,118 JAMUNTOLA 400

157

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE YEA R V. E. C WISE

RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENS·ION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERE D POPULA-

CENTRE TION

AMEENGANJ 1,530

PINDRAIKALAN 2,260

SAREKHA 2,900

GADMA 1,550

GORAKHPUR 1,545

11. KOSMI 1995 KOSMI 1,597

SALHE 1,780

JEBNARA 2,100 JAWARKATHI 1,870

MAILE 1,480

MALARA 2,500

12. BAN DOL BAN DOL 1,230

RAHIWADA 890

BANKI 1,037

PIPARIA 695

ALOUNIA 1,110

KUKLAH 980 BALARPUR 987 BEESABADI 786

13. MEHRA 1996 MEHRA PIPARIYA 1,066

PIPARIYA BHATEKHARI 2,000

JAWNA 1,175 ALI NAGAR 300

VIJAYPANI KALAN 540 PAKHARA 3,450

CHIMNAKHARI 3,665

14. BABARIA 1995 DOONDA SEONI 2,197

BABARIA 1,609

MAHEGOAN 654

BINJHABADA 1,172 LUKHARBADA 1,088

11 GOVERNAMENT 1. SURGOAN 1994 SURGOAN 3,467

POLYTECHNIC, MALGAON 1,838

KHANDWA KHAIGOAN 5,562

DONDWADA 1,411

SONOOD 578

PACHAYA 267 CHAIGAON DEVI 983

2. BAGMAR 1996 JAMLIKAL 1,700 BAG MAR 2,000 RAMPURA 500

KUDALADA 700

JAMLI KHURD 1,000

158

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o

SL. NAME OF VILLAGE V. E. CWISE

RURAL

EXTENSION YEAR POPULA-

NO. INSTITUTE ESTT . VILLAGE!S COVERED CENTRE TION

3. SIHANDA 1996 SIHANDA 10,000

PAL KANA 4,000

GOKULGAON 2,000 "

DHONDWADA 4,000 , PIPALlYA TAHAR 4,000

0

SABKHERA 2,000 BADGAON MALI JHAKRADA 1,000

, ATOOT JHIKARI 700 KHETI KISTA' LALWADA 700 KOTWADA 1,000

12 GOVERNAMENT 1. BAGRANDA 1995 BAGRAND 4,500

POLYTECHNIC, JUNAPANI 480

SANAWAD BHOMWADA 3,000 LALlYAKHERI 300 MALGOAN 1,240

2. BINJALWADA 1995 BINJALWA 3,199 NALWA 5,000

HIRAPUT 4,000 DHAKALGOAN 6,120 SALA 1,200

3, BAIDIYA 1995 BAIDIYA 7,312 DUDGOAN 572 SATAJANA 1,327 BADOOD 3,104 BHOOLGOAN 2,032

TAM 0 LlYA 1,059

CHITABAD 1,649

ROOPKHERA 2,312

4. NAYA 1995 NAYA 3,510

NANDIA 3,322

SIRLAI 5,000

KHODI 1,246 ,

PIDAI 1,324 BAFALGOAN 1,316 JEMALPURA 1,239 AGARWADA 1,200

5. CHITRAMOD 1995 CHITRAMOD 2,430 ANJARUD 1,740 KHAMBADA 1,572 KHUDGOAN 532

159

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, SL. NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR . V. E. CWISE

RURAL

I EXTENSION POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED

CENTRE TION

13 GOVERNAMENT 1. NARWAR 1994 NARWAR 12,000

POLYTECHNIC, HARNAWAD 1,000

UJJAIN PALKHEDA 1,100

KACHANARIA 1,300 MUNJAKHERI 1,150 PIPLOUDA 1,000

•. KADCHA 1,300 NOWGONG 1,200 MATANA 1,200

2. GATIA 1995 GHATIA , 6,000 JHITARKHERI • 9,000 NAJARPUR 11,100 BAILAKHEDA 1,253 jALWA 1,300

DHABLA 2,700 KHEDA 1,200 MALIKHERI 1,200

3. GAJOUTI 1996 GAJOUTI 4,000 BAZAR 800

TAJPUR 500

RAMSARA 600

KALAPIPAL 600

KHURCHANIA 500

JALlYAKHERI 860

MALIKHERI 800

HINGONIA 560

RANIPUR 294

MELAIYA 384

4. KAITHA 1996 KAITHA 8000 JAWASIYA 1,500 LAXMIPURA 700

RAMPURA 1,000 MALLAPURA 900

14 GOVERNAMENT 1. BARASEONI 1996 SARA 2,428

POLYTECHNIC, SIKANDRA 2834

BALAGHAT . MEHANDI WADA 2902

JHALIWADA 2,873 KOSTE 2,653 KHAPA 1,740 TUMADI 1,611

KAIDI 3,656 MURJHAD 2,225

160

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NAME OF VILLAGE V. E. CWISE

RURAL SL. EXTENSION

YEAR POPULA· NO. INSTITUTE ESTT. VILLAGES COVERED

CENTRE TlON

SARANDI 1,244

KHANDWA 1,514

. MADANPUR 1,058

DONGARGOAN 970

MAHARAJPUR 991

KOULIWADA 1,025

BARASEONI 21,500

15 GOVERNAMENT 1. SHODOURA 1995 SHADOUR 4,222

POLYTECHNIC, MUSHYAB • 353

ASHOKNAGAR SEMRILQHABAD 334

PIPROUL 160

SAD MARA 620

SEMIRISHAHBAD 720 MADINAMDAR 434

BAGALlYA 1,505

KERIKHYA 718

FARDAI 729

KHAIRAI 262

BALDAI ; 223

BEMARIA 221

NANGAUKHERI 286

16 GOVERNAMENT 1. KARIYA GUJER 1984 KARAIYA GUJER 1,146

POLYTECHNIC, KATHELI 1,032

KHURAI BHILONE 900

MUDIA 174

SHABDA 374

BILLlYA 602

ACCHANBARA 517

BARONDIA 2,021

BENCHANWARA 181

JHARAI 542

2. BARDHA 1992 BARDHA 2,175

MAHERA 324

JERUA 414

MAHERI 265

MAGARDHA 445

MUHLI MAHHAKAM 206 SERONGIPUR 488

HINGATI 517

GHATIYARI 257

- HIRANCHIPA 558

161

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE

YEAR V. E. C WISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERE D POPULA-

CENTRE TlON

MALKHERI 363 KARUA 142

DHERUA 533 RAMPURA 673 KANNAKHERI 374 SEMRA GANPAT 929 BAMHORA JANPAT 552 BAMHORA KANDORA 321

3. KHURAI 1994 RETHORE 364

KHURAI 35,000 RENGUA 462 MAKRAMPUR 924 JERWAS 561 GHORAT 974 MUDIA 601 DHAGAR 1,021 TEWRA 894

. SATNAI 452 NIRTA;A 820

GALAR 99

HINIUTA 408 BAN HAT 1,213 SILOUDRA 1149 .

4. CHANDAMAU 1996 CHANDAMAU 2,060 BARGANA 4,344 MANDRA THOURA 1,123

PAll 680 KHAIRAI 717

BAROUDIA 862 NANAU 291

BASIA 466 . JALANDHAR 348

LAKHANPUR 2,626 BENKHERI 109 LUKHARRA 1,349 BAROLE 486

RUPAU 225

HINOTA 1,172

17 GOVERNAMENT 1. GUNGA 1984 GUNGA 5,000

POLYTECHNIC, KALARA 4,000

BHOPAL KAROUNDIA 2,000 KUTKIPURA 800

162

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE

YEAR V. E. CWISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED POPULA-

CENTRE TION

UNIDAA 1,000 ,

TRIVENI 100 .' NAMDARPURA 200

KHERI 100 PIPAL KHERA 100

, MUDIA KHERA 1,500 DUPAHIYA 100 KUDHAR 1,500 CHANDERI 2,000 MANIKHERI 1,000

,

2. MANDIDEEP 1993 MANDIDEEP 8,000

3. PADARIA KACH I 1995 PADARIA 3,000 SANKAL 1,000

"ADAMPUR 1,000 ARJUNNAGAR 600

0 HARIPUR 500 0 SHANTINAGAR 300

KOLUA 800 BILKHARIYA 800

CHAWNI 2,000 JAMUNIYA 800

DANGROLI 500

4. BAIRAGARH 1996 CHICHLI 2,500

CHICHI HINOTIA 1,000 SOHAGPUR 400

NAYAPURA 600

GEHUKHERA 250 SALlYA 1,200

. AKBARPURA 1,000 BANJARI 500 CHICHLI 500

INYATPUR 600 BORDA 800 DOULATPUR 300 SEMRIKALAN 1,000 IMALlYA 300 DEHRI 250

. KANKARIA 250 DHUANKHERA 1,200 KALAPANI 1,500 GODIPURA 300

163

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE

YEA R V.E. CWISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION ESTT . VILLAGES COVERE

D POPULA-

CENTRE TlON

18 GOVERNAMENT 1. KUNDAM 1995 KUNDAM 3,635

KALANIKETAN LAKHANWARA 812

POLYTECHNIC, UCHERA 380

JABALPUR PIPARIYA 570 SADAFAL 1,201 BHONKADEORI 419 SARGAWA 463 SANDAWALI 463

0 BAIRAGI 795 KHAMHA 29.8 MoHNI 123 DARGARH 430

SAHOLI 1,198 SATAWELI 565

, 2. PIPARIYA 1995 PIPARIYA 1,250 BAMAHINOUTA 700 CHITTAPAR 350

. KUDA 50

3. TEWAR 1995 TEWAR.·. 3,871

4. PADUA 1995 PADUA 1,100 JAMUNIA 500

SILUA 700

5. PINDRAI 1995 PINDRAI 1,700

6. KONGWA 1995 KONGWA 2,100 KUNDAN 900

MEERGANJ 1,000

BELHA 250 . AMAHINOUTA 3,200

RAILWAY STATION 500

19 GOVERNAMENT 1. GOHPARU 1996 GOHPARU 6,500

POLYTECHNIC, 2. BEKELI 1996 BEKELI 8,600

SHEHDOL 3. RAJENDRAGRA 1996 RAJENDRAGRAM 8,750

20 GOVERNAMENT 1. KALYANPURA 1996 KALYANPURA 2,730

POLYTECHNIC, BHAGORE 1,471

JHABUA KALLIPURA 747

KHUTABA 540 BARBARKHERI 162

SANDLA 1,030 JALBANIA 1,087

BISOLI 954

PHOUTIA 941 . KESARIA 199

16~

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NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V. E. C WISE

RURAL SL. EXTENSION D POPULA-NO. INSTITUTE ESTT . VILLAGES COVERE

<, CENTRE nON

2, RAMBHAPUR 1996 RAMBHAPUR 2,085

JUNIRAMBHAPPUR 293

PINDALKHERA 1,580 - PIPLOUDA 744

PIPLOUDA CHOTTA 162

JHADKIPEDI 294

KAMLI 674 RUPAKHERDA 320

, RASOUDI 635

MEGHNAGAR 7,950

21 GOVERNAMENT 1, BAIKUNHPUR 1992 BAIKUNTH 19,448

POLYTECHNIC, SONHAT

AMBIKAPUR KHADGOAN SURAJPUR BHAIYADHAN ODAGI

2. RAJPUR 1995 RAJPUR 23,540 SHANKARGARH BALRAMPUR S.uSUMI RAMCHANDRAPUR LUNDRA

22 GOVT. WOMENS 1. DEEPDI 1994 DEEPDI 1,500

POLYTECHNIC, CHHAN 300

BHOPAL RATANPUR 400

2. RATIBAD 1994 RATIBAD 2,000 SIKANDRABAD 1,500

AMLA 2,000

KALKHERA 800

SEMRI 700

BARKHERI 700 BARKHERA NATHU 1,800

BADJHARI 1,800

NEELBAD 900

3. BHAIROPUR 1995 BHAIROPUR 300

MAKSHI 150

, BAGLI 200

4. MUGALIA CHAP 1996 MUGALIA CHAP 200

23 GOVT. WOMENS 1. DHARMPURA 1995 KALiMAR 8,500

POLYTECHNIC, AGHANPUR

JAGDALPUR KANGOLI

165

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SL. NAME OF VILLAGE YEAR V. E. CWISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT . VILLAGES COVERED POPULA-

CENTRE TlON

NECIGUDA BHATAGUDA BAIHAGUDA DURKIGUDA BADEGOAN

2. KUMHARWAD 1995 PALLIGOA 3,500 BIRINGPAL DHARMAUR

3. LOHANOiGUND 1995 TARAPUR 3,900 BANIAGONA USRIBEDA CHITRAKOT

• ALNAR . BHEJA MATNAR BADRENGA o

4. ADWAL 1995 SEMRA 4,500 NAKTI KUSUMPAL'

5. TITARGOAN 1996 TARAIGUNDA 3,000

6. BAKAWAND 1996 RAJ NAGAR 5,000 KODABAND JETAKGARI GIROULA SARGIPAL

24 GOVT. POLYTEC., 1. REDA 1996 REDA 5,000

RAIGARH 2. GHARGODA 1996 GHARGODA 7,600

25 GOVERNAMENT 1. NAYAGOAN 1986 NAYAGOAN 976

POLYTECHNIC, MALPURA 655

NOWGONG CHOUBARA 552

2. DHAMOURA 1986 DHAMOURA 1,577

JHIJAN 2,193

SIGRAWAN 1,199

NEGUA 1,403 BILHARI 3,260 PUTRAIYA 582 KIRATPUR 1,159 DOURIA 2,016 BARA 1,023

3. SUKWA 1986 SUKWA 3,347 ALIPURA 6,350 BADAGOAN 1,893

156

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o

,

SL. N~MEOF VILLAGE

YEAR V. E. CWISE RURAL

NO. INSTITUTE EXTENSION

ESTT. VILLAGES COVERED POPULA-

CENTRE TION

GARROLI 2,903

KAIDI 1,310

GORGOAN 863

4. LUGASI 1986 LUGASI 4,952

CHOUKHARA 495 MAUSAHANIA 4,492 DHARAMPURA 495 ANGOUR 4,883 PANNAPURA 708

NIWARI 2,089 MATGUAN 2,822 MANPURA 880

MAJEBA 2,713

5. BAGOUA 1996 BAGOUTA 3,120 DOURIA 2,016

DHARI 1,529

SADERI 567 BIRPURA 225

. DHAMCHI 1,225

RAMPUR 1,281

167

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. ·6

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Page 38: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

1400

~ 1

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1000

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Page 39: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

o

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of

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.-

Page 40: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

14·-

·

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08)

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Page 41: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

TRAINING AND TECHNICAL SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH C. P. IN M.P. FLOW CHART OF MAN

POWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING

This Is the most Important component of the Integrated rural development

which ensures the sustalnabillty In the development achieved. This also enthuses

the beneficiary for accepting the latest appropriate technology for development in

rural areas. Although the country has a large reseNoir of highly trained technical

man power In over 500 engineering colleges, IlTs, CSIR, laboratories and technical

university departments but this highly trained technical man power is the product of o

the formal system of education contributing mainly In the organised sector, its

contribution to the paramount tasks Of rural development has been negligible. This

section of trained technical man power Is suited for high and sophisticated

technology. c

Therefore to take the benefit of delivery system to the grass root level the o

persons at this level have to be trained in their own method in their own

environment. Therefore the polytechnics through CP have been carrying out man

power development and training through the village extension centres located

close to the beneficiary. This has worked very well.

The objective of the man power development through this methodology

can be summarised as under ;-

1. To teach the local people basic skills, knowledge and attitudes required to

practice any occupational activity leading to gainful employment in their . .

ownvlllage.

2. Training for upgrading the existing skills in their own fields of modern

technologies.

3. Training for effective maintenance of farm equipment.

168

Page 42: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

.. 4. Training Supervisory and managerial personnel required for making

development activities In villages.

5. Training entrepreneur for setting of cottage or village or small scale)ndustry

for se~ employment and for making village self-sufficient.

6. Functional literacy.

The status of the rural man power training through Community polytechnics

In the state is depicted In the following graph numbers 1 to 6.

A study of these graphs Indicates the year wise aChievements In the effort of

man power development which shows as study growth in the process.

The graph number 4 depicts the status of per extension centre wise training . -

process in the scheme. In the year 1986 it will be seen that per extension centre

wise number of beneficiary is 822 where as in 1 996 the average number of

beneficiary comes down to 41 .92. The reason being that in the process growth of

the scheme the training content has become more detailed therefore the intake of

the beneficiaries per extension centre had to be reduced for imparting more

detailed and effective training in the rural technology equipments.

Graph number 6 of this chapter also has the similar explanation. Another ,

reason for this is the growth of the number of training centres in the scheme as

shown under the growth of the V.E.C. separately.

169

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c W

2:

3000

2500

g 200

0 f/

) 2

: o f/) c:: ~

1500

u.

o ci 2:

1000

500 o

2,84

4

1984

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ph N

o. 1

6

Yea

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e C

urre

nt S

tatu

s o

f Per

sons

Tra

ined

in M

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a P

rade

sh

2,79

9

82

1986

19

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Page 44: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

2000

1800

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2

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C

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0 0

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ed in

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Page 45: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

c w

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0

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ffi 60

00

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~(4761)-

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(970

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[ _

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is u

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Page 46: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

Gra

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(822

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800

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Page 47: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

90

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TRAINING TRADES

The following Is the Institution wise list of trades for man power developments

i and training under community polytechnic scheme :-

GOVT. KALA NIKETAN, POLY. JABALPUR

Computer training, Need base training, Domestic wiring, Repairing of

domestic appliances, Repair and maintenance of scooter & motors, welding &

fabrication. Special training to Bamboo workers, motor winding. ,

GOVT. S. V. GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, BHOPAL

Steel 'fabrication, Carpentry,' Tailoring, Motor winding, Zari & beed works,

Knitting, Welding, Computer, Typing. '(Hindi). Domestic wiring.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, UJJAlN

House wiring, Motor winding, Welding, Raj mistry, Tailoring & cutting.

Computer, Agarbatti manufacturing.

GOVT" POLYTECHNIC, KHANDWA

Computer application, TV & VER Repairing, Motor winding, House wiring,

Welding, Carpentry & Canning, Mason, Submersible Pump repairing, Tatpatti

making, Embroidery & Knitting, Typing, Ready made garments. Literacy, Masala

grinding & packing.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, NOWGONG

Welding, smithy, Carpentry, TV repairing, Turning, Foundry. Plumbing, Motor

winding, Diesel pump repairing, Typing, House wiring, Maintenance of house hold

appliances, Rope making, Battery charging.

170

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GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. SHAHDOL

Welding & lathe work. Auto repairing. Carpentry & furniture making. House

wiring & electrical appliances repairing. Multi skill training. Masonry and barbering.

Serlculture. Mushroom culture. Dal making. 011 millS. repair & maintenance of

agriculture Implements. Production centre for Chalk making.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. DURG

Tailoring cum production (men & women). Welding. Screen Printing.

Domestic electrician. Detergent. Manufacturing improved pottery.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. GWALIOR

Computer literacy. Textile. Welding. Electric wiring. Carpentry. TV/Radio.

Automobiles. Motor winding. House appliances. Costume designing. Leather

goods. Typing.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. AMBIKAPUR

Canning. Knitting. Carpentry. Welding. House wiring. Diesel mechanic.

Scooter mech .. Radio mech .. Tailoring. Painting. Embroidery. Machine equipments.

Bakery.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. JHABUA

Computer training. Canning of chairs. Welding. Hand Pump repairing. House

wiring. Sheet metal.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. KHURAI

Handlooms. Sewing & knitting. Motor winding. Turning & Welding. Ferro

cement Product making. Electric wiring. Computer training. Typing. Handpump

repairing & .Pumping. Tat Patti making. Steel Fabrication. Food Processing. Chalk

making & Cattle lick. Salt making.

171

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, GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, DAMOH

House wiring, Motor winding, Welding. Diesel engine repairing, Precast unit,

Carpentry, Bamboo articles making, Scooter/Motor cycle repairing, Typing.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, SEONI

Weldi~g & Fabrication, Precast cone unit. Masonry, Plumbing, Earthen

Pottery, Bamboo articles, House wiring, Embroidery, Canning, Ready-made

garments. Wood turning, Domestic electric appliances repairing.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, DHAMTARI ,

T.V. repair, House wiring, Electrician, Lathe/Turning, Welding, Carpentry,

Radio/Tape recorder repairing. Wax Candle making, Agarbatti making, Dal mill.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, HARDA

House wiring, Motor winding, Auto, Electrical. Motor Cycle mechanic, Leaf

cup making.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC, SANAWAD

Women knitting training, Computer training. Tractor training, Automobile, Mini

transformer training, T.V. repair, Welding & fabrication. Mason, Knitting training, Door

mat. Sewing training/Production, Diesel mechanic.

GOVT. WOMEN POLYTECHIC, BHOPAL

Dal mill training, Leaf cup making, House wiring, Embroidery. Cutting &

tailoring. Hindi Typing, Loom training, Fruit Juice Training, Bakery training.

GOvr. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC, SAGAR

Welding, Hindi typing, Motor winding, Teiiloring. handloom, Dari tat patti loom,

Embroidery, Agarbatti making (for women).

172

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GOVT. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC. BURHANPUR

Typing, Shorthand, Tailoring & cutting. T.V. & Radio repairing. Motor rewinding.

House wiring.

GOVT. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC. JAGDALPUR

Typing. Shorthand. Electronics & Electrical. Kekatl Craft. Wood carving.

Bamboo craft.

GOVT. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC. JABALPUR

Computer course. Embroidery work Hindi typing. Bee nurturing. Soft toys.

Dona pottal making. Envelope & file cover making. Documentation of office

(Panchayat) record.

GOVT. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC. RAlPUR

Typing. T.V. repairing. Tailoring. Radio repairing. Welding. Electrician

GOVT. WOMEN POL YTECH. INDORE

Sewing. Embroidary. Tailoring.

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. BALAGHAT

Cutting. Tailoring. Knitting. Embroidary

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC. ASHOKNAGAR

Tailoring. Chanderi Sari making. Tractor repairing. Motor winding. Diesel

pump mechanic. Hand pump machanic. Mason.

·173

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. TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFERRED

Govt. PoMechnlc, Uilaio

I. Unnat chulha

2. Solar cooker

3. Pressure cooker

4. Improved sigrl

5. Foot ball (for pumps)

6. Improved tube light

7. Improved lantern

8. Nutan stcive

9. Dalmill

10. Irrigation pump sets

11. Safe water supply in No habitation

Govt. PoMechnic, Khandwa

I. Solar Cooker sale

2. Smokeless chulha installation

3. Low cost latrine installation

4. Improved soak pits

5. Gobar gas plant installation

6. Safe drinking water •

7. Modern method of sowing seeds

Govt. Kalaniketan (Poly.), Jabalpur

1. Gobar gas plant

2. Low cost latrines

3. Soak pits

4. Chalk making

5. Potable looms

6. Smokeless chulha

S. V. Govt. ooMechnic, Bhopal

1. Solar cooker

2. Smokeless chulha

3. Low cost latrine

4. Water filters for purification of

drinking water

Govt. Polvtechnic, Nowgong

1. Popularisation of low cost latri0es.

2. Soak pit

3. Popularisation of Ferro cement

products

a. Water tank

b. Water channel

c. Flower pot

d. Leaf cut making

4. Rope making

5. Adoption of smokeless chulha

6. Popularisation of improved & new

Agriculture implementation

7. Food preseNation

8. Pickle & Pepper making

9. Mini dal mill

Govt. PoMechnic, Shahdol

1. Improved rural transportation

system

2. Mushroom Cultivation

3. Sericulture

17~

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4. Sio gas technology

5. Installation of smokeless chulha 0

6. Sale of solar cooker

7. Installation of cheap latrine

B. Construction of soak pit

Govt. PoMechnlc, Durg 0

1 . Smokeles.s chulha

2. Soak pits

3. Cheap flush latrine

4. Solar system equipments

5. Village drainage disposals

6. Improved Pottery

7. Screen Printing

8. Detergent manufacturing

Govt. PoMechnic, Gwalior

1. Installation of Sio gas

2. Installation of low cost latrine

3. Construction of soak pits

4. Installation of smokeless chulha

5. Sale of Solar cooker

6. Installation of dol mill

7. Installation of oil mill

Govt. PoMechnic, Ambikapur

1. Installation of laghu dol mill

2. Installation of biogas

3. Installation of orient of smokeless

chulha

4. Denas of installation of sook pits

5. Solar lantern demonstration

6. Community tubelight

7. Solar cooker

B. Low cost latrine

Gov!. PoMechnlc, Jhabua

1. Grahalaxml chulha

2. Unnat chulha

3. Nutan stoves

4. Solar cooker

5. Soak pits

6. Gobar gas plant ,

7. Removal of fluoride in hand pump

water

Gov!. PoMechnic, Khurcii

1 . Solar cooker

2. Seed drill

3. Tat patti weaving loom

4. Mini Dol mill

5. Seed cultivator

6. Pedal operated paddy threasher 0

7. Soak pits

8. Low cost latrines

Gov!. PoMechnic, Damoh

1. Construction of soak pits

2. Construction of low cost cattle floor

3. Construction of low cost latrines

4. Agricultural processing machines

175

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Govt. PoMechnlc. Seonl

1. Installation of filter candle In

earthen Pots (Filtered water)

2. Storage bins for food grains

3. Leak proofing of RCC roof

4. Drainage of village road

5. Nadep fype of compostlng

6. Village latrine

7. Establishment of mini rice dol mill, 0

Govt. PoMechnic, Dhamtarl

1. Safe, portable drinking water o 0

supply jal door installation

2. Low cost village latrines

3. Soak pits'

4. Installation of filtered candle and

earthen pots

5. Storage bins for food grains

6. Leak proofing of building

7. Drainage of village road

8. Biogas

9. Installation of mini dol mill

Govt. PoMechnic, Harda

1. Sale of solar cooker

2. Improved chulha

3. Leaf cup making

4. Setting of Laghu dol mill

5. Septic tank

6. Thresher Maintenance

7. Soak pit making

8. Installation and repairs of electric

motor and diesel engine pump

Gov!. PoMechnlc, Sanawad

1. Construction of blogas

2. Construction of low cost latrines

3. Installation of smokeless chulha

4. Provide safe drinking water to •

village

5. Construction of cement water tank

6. Sale of solar cooker

7. Sale of improved sigri

8. Sale of energy solar equipments

like compact lamp, stove,

pressure cooker and improved

food valve

Gov!. Women PolYtechnic, Bhopal

1. Gobargas plant

2. Solar cooker

3. Smokeless chulha

4. Low cost latrines

5. Leaf cup making

6. Purifying of drinking water

7. Dalmill

8. Papad making

Gov!. Women PolYtechnic, Sagar

1. Improved latrines

2. Compac tube

3. Solar cooker

4. Improved stove

176

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5. Gobargas

6. Sookplt '.

7. Dalmlll

B. Loom

9. Purified water system

I Gov!. Women Polv!echnlc, BurhanQur

1. Unnat chulha

2. Unnat slgrl

3. Laghu dal ml11

4. Solar copker

5. Installation of filtered water

6. Soak pits

Gov!. Women Polytechnic, JagdalQur

1. Un nat chulha

2. Solar cooker

3. Dalmill

4. Installation of filtered water

5. Storage bins for food grains

6. Soak pit

7. Low cost.latrine

Gov!. Women Polytechnic, JabalQur

1. Small pulse mill

2. Solar cooker

3. Improved chulha

4. Quit item making

5. Chain driven water pump

6. Coal making machine

7. Hand pump Installation

8. Safe drinking water

Women PoMechnlc, RalQur

1. Unnat chulha

2. Solar cooker

3. Unnat sigri

4. Laghu Dall mill

5. Installation of filtered water •

6. Soak pits

Gov!. PoMechnic, Ashoknagar

1. Unnat chulha

2. Solar cooker

3. Pressure cooker

4. Improved sigri

5. Improved lantern

6. Foot valve (for pumps)

7. Dal mill (mini)

8. Nutan stove

9. Low cost latrine

lD.Soak pits

11 . Smokeless chulha

12. Improved agriculture implements

13. Gober/Bio gas plants.

177

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NAME OF TECHNOLOGY WITH SERVICE NO. SI,fService No. 1 Unnat chulha 2 Solar cooker 3 Pressure cooker 4 Improved slgri 5 Football (for pumps) 6 Improved lantern 7 Nutan stove 8 Dol mil 9 Improved tube light 1 0 Irrigation pump sets, handpump 11 Safe water supply in No

habitation

12 Smokeless chulha installation 13 Low cost latrine installation 14 Improved soak pits

15 Gobar gas plant installation

16 Modern methods of sowing seeds

1 7 Chalk making 1 8 Portable loom 19 Popularisation of Ferro cement

products

a. water tank b. water channel c. Flower pot

d. Leaf cup making 20 Rope making 21 popularisation of improved &

new Agriculture implementation 22 Food preseNation 23 Pickle & paper making

24 Improved rural transportation systef"!l

25 Mashroom Cultivation 26 Sericulture 27 Bio gas technology

SI./Service No. 28 Solar system equipment 29 Village drainage disposals

30 Improved pottery 31 Screen printing 32 Detergent manufacturing 33 Installation of oil mill 34 Solar laltin demonstration 35 Community tubelight 36 Grahlaxmi chulha 37 Seed drill 38 Tat patti weaving loom 39 Seed cultivator 40 Pedal operated paddy threshed 41 Construction of low cost cattle

floor 42 Agricultural processing machines 43 Storage bins for food grains

44 Leak proofing of RCC roof 45 Drainage of village road

46 Nadep type of composting 47 Installation of filtered candle

and earthen pots 48 Leaf cup making 49 Septic tank 50 Thresher Maintenance

51 Installation and repairs of electric motor and diesel engine pump.

52 Construction of cement water tank

53 Papad making 54 Quit item making

55 Chain driven water pump

56 Coal making machine 57 Removal of Florid in Hand pump

water

178

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TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICES

Gov!. PoMechnlc, Ullalo 4. Repair and maintenance of Elec.

I. Diesel pu.mp repairing Motor

2. Diesel & construction of stop dams 5. Video Shooting

3. Low cost latrine 6. Elect. House wiring

4. Low cost houses

5. Repairing of Handpumps Govt. PoMechnlc, Ambikapur

6. Repairing of gobar gas plant I. Repair of T.V. Sets

7. Repairing of house wiring 2. Repair of pump sets

Motor Pumps repairing 3. Repair and maintenance of Elec.

8. Motor

9. Two-Wheelers repairing 4. Repair and maintenance of

10. Flour mill Tractors

5. Drinking water arrangements

Gov!. PoMechnic, Shahdol 6. Repair of hand pump

I. Repair and Maintenance camp 7. Bio gas plant repairs

2. Providing dal mill facility for dal mill 8. Repair of R.C.C. roof

extraction

3. Extension of pumping facility Govt. PoMechnic, Nowgong

4. Extension of spraying facility I. Repairing and maintenance of

5. Providing oil mill extraction facility Elec. Motors

6. Repair & maintenance of Bio gas 2. Repairing and maintenance of

plants pumps sets

7. Maintenance of smokeless chulha 3. Repairing and maintenance of house hold appliances

4. Repairing and maintenance of Gov!. PoMechnic, Khurai house hold appliances

1. Gobar gas plant maintenance 5. Repairing and maintenance of

2. Hand pump repair maintenance Biogas

3. Repair of Agriculture implements 6. Repairing of Tractors

7. House wiring maintenance

179

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8. Repairs and Maintaining sewing machine

Govt. Women PoMechnlc. Sagar

I. Diesel pump repair

2. Home ApplJances repair camp

3. Blo gas repair camp

4. Electric motor repair camp

5. Hand pump repair camp

6. Sewing machine repair camp

S.V.Govt. PoMechnic, Bhopal

I. House wiring

2. Repairs of Electric appliances

3. Repairs of hand pumps

4. Repairs of tube well pumps

5. Advice on boring of tube welJ

Govt. PoMechnic, Khandwa

I. Organising tech. Service camp

2. Repair & maintenance onv. sets

3. Repairing & maintenance of pump sets

4. Repairing & maintenance of Elec. Motor

5. Repair of Gabor gas plant

6. Soil testing

7. Repair & maintenance of Home appliances

8. Repair & maintenance of Wind mill filtered

Govt. Women Polvtechnlc, Jagdalpur

I. Repairing of hand pump

2. Repairing of gas plant

3. Repairing of House wiring

4. Water testing

5. Repairing of Agrl. Equlpments

pt, Jawaharlal PoMechnic, Sanawad

I. Establishment of service centre

2. Organising tech. Camp general

3. Repair & maintenance of Diesel Engines

4. Repair & maintenance of Elect. Motor pump

5. Repair & maintenance of hand pump

6. Repair & maintenance of Sprayer duster etc.

Govt. PoMechnic, Gwalior

I. Repair & maintenance of house hold appliance

2. Repair & maintenance of house wiring

3. Repair & maintenance of Elect. Motor

4. Repair & maintenance of hand pump

5. Repair & maintenance T.V./Radio

6. Provision of safe drinking water

7. Spray of pesticides

1°0 _ "

of

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8. Repairs and Maintaining sewing machine

Gov!. Women Polytechnic. Sagar

I. Diesel pump repair

2. Home Appliances repair camp

3. Blo gas repair camp

4. Electric motor repair camp

5. Hand pump repair camp

6. Sewing machine repair camp

S.V.Gov!. PoMechnic. Bhopal

I. House wiring

2. Repairs of Electric appliances

3. Repairs of hand pumps

4. Repairs of tube well pumps

5. Advice on boring of tube well

Gov!. PoMechnic. Khandwa

1. Organising tech. Service camp

2. Repair & maintenance of lV. sets

3. Repairing & maintenance of pump sets

4. Repairing & maintenance of Elec. Motor

5. Repair of Gabor gas plant

6. Soil testing

7. Repair & maintenance of Home appliances

8. Repair & maintenance of Wind mill filtered

Gov!. Women PoMechnlc. Jagdalpur

I. Repairing of hand pump

2. Repairing of gas plant

3. Repairing of House wiring

4. Water testing

5. Repairing of Agrl. Equlpments

pt. Jawaharlal PoMechnic. Sanawad

I. Establishment of service centre

2. Organising tech. Camp general

3. Repair & maintenance of Diesel Engines

4. Repair & maintenance of Elect. Motor pump

5. Repair & maintenance of hand pump

6. Repair & maintenance of Sprayer duster etc.

Gov!. PoMechnic. Gwalior

I. Repair & maintenance of house hold appliance

2. Repair & maintenance of house wiring

3. Repair & maintenance of Elect. Motor

4. Repair & maintenance of hand pump

5. Repair & maintenance of T.V./Radio

6. Provision of safe drinking water

7. Spray of pesticides

130

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GOY!. PoMechnlc. Seenl

I. Blo gas plant repair

2. Hand pump repair

3. Diesel pump repair

4. Water testing

5. Repair e~lmate of school building

6. SeNeying camp 0

7. Covering of open well by jail

Govt. Women Poivtechnic. Burhanpur

I. Repairing of hand pumps

2. Repairing of Electric motors

3. Repairing of house wiring

4. Covering of open well by jali

5. Repairing of N and Radio

6. Repairing and maintenance of agriculture equipment

Govt. PoMechnic, Dhamtari

I. Biogas (Gobargas) repair

2. Hand pump repair

3. Water testing

4. Repair and estimate of school building. Panchayat building

5. Repair of SCience kits of school

6. Covering'· of open well by putting jali

7. Repair of agriculture equipments. sprayers. dusters via seNice camp

Govt. Women Poivtechnic. Raipur

I. Repair and maintenance of low cost latrine

2. Repairing of hand pump

3. Repairing of gobor gas plant

4. Repairing of house wiring

5. Covering of open well by jali

6. Repairing of agriculture equipments

Govt. PoMechnic. Damoh

1. Repairing of handpumps

2. Repair and maintenance of diesel pumps

3. Repair and maintenance of Electrical appliances

4. Sale and promotion of non-conventional energy and their repairs

5. Repair and maintenance of agriculture euipments

Govt. PoMechnic, Horda

I. Repair work of motor pump sets

2. Repair of electrical appliances

3. Installation and maintenance of hand pumps

4. Repair of gobar gas plant

5. House wiring fitting in new houses

Govt. Poivtechnic, Durg

I. Repair and maintenance of diesel pumps

181

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2. Repair and maintenance of Electrical pumps

3. Repair and maintenance of domestic electrical appliances and fittings

4. Repair and overhaul of gobar gas

Govt. Kalaniketan (PoMechnlc). Jagdalpur .

I. Repair motor pump

2. Repair of hand pumps

3. Repair of gobar gas plant

4. Repair ot-domestic appliances

5. Repair of soak pits

6. Repair and maintenance of solar cooker

7. Repair of smokeless chulha

Govt. Women Polvtechnic. Jabalpur'

I. Repair of typewriter

2. Repair and maintenance of sewing machine

3. Improved Chulha maintenance

4. Maintenance of Handpump

0

5. Maintenance of small pulse mill

Govt. WomeD PoMechnlc, Bhopgl

I. Maintenance and repair of sewing machine

2. Repair and maintenance of Domestic appliances

3. House wiring

4. Repair and maintenance of handpumps

5. Repair and maintenance of Television

6. Repair and maintenance of Radio

Govt. Polvtechnic, Ashoknagar

I. Repair of Diesel Pumps

2. Repair of Hand Pumps

3. Organisation of Technical service camps

4. Repair & Maintenance of Tractors

5. Advice on low cost housing techniques

6. Promoter of non-conventional energy devices

182

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COMMUNllY SERVICES

Goyt. Kalaniketan (Poly.), Jabalpur

Drtnklng Water Management

Health & Hyglne Awareness

Awareness of Disaster Management

Film Shows

S. V. PoMechnlc, Bhopal

Eye Camp

Health and Nutrition Camp

Blood Collection

Adult Education

Govt. PoMechnic, Uiiain

Health Awareness Camp

Agriculture ~amp

Motivation for Adult Education

Disaster Management

Training of Household Electronics,

Solar Equipments Operation

Maintenance (for Women)

Govt. PoMechnic, Khandwa

Health Checkup and Nutrition Camp for Women

FilmShow .

DiSinfection of Drinking Water

Organising talks of Scientists,

Earthquakes Experts! Agro Scientists

Agriculture Implement Exhibition

Child Check up Camp

Govt. PoMechnic. Nowgong

Establishment of Extension Centre

Health and Nutrition Camp

Mobile Library

Film Show

Disinfection of Well Water

Youth Club Organisation

Awareness Programme of New Technology

Technical Service Camp

Govt. PoMechnic, Shahdol

Disinfection of Village Wells

Distribution of Pamphlets

Information Dissemination Camp

Exhibition, Health Care and Sanitation Camp

Lecture and Seminars

Govt. PoMechnic, Durg

Disinfection of Wells

Providing Safe Drinking Water

Mobile Library

183

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• 3

Medical Health Camp

Social Forestry o

Technical Exhibition

Govt. PoMechnlc. Gwallor

Organising Rural Libraries

Lecture for Disaster Management

Organising Camp for purification of water and disinfection of wells

Health Camp for Women and Children

Organising Film Show for Health and Family Planning

Adult Education Centre

Balwadi

Tree Plantation

Govt. PoMechnic. Gwalior

Establishment of Extension Centre

Health and Nutrition Camp

Mobile Library

Disinfection of Well Water

Youth Club Organisation

Awareness Programme of New Technology

Technical SeNice Camp.

Govt. PoMechnic, Jhabua

Health Camp

DiSinfection of Wells

Technical Film Show

Technical Lecture

Formation of Youth Club

Distribution of Chlorine Tablets

Govt. PoMechnlc, Khural

Educational Film Show

Printing and Distribution of Literature

Disinfection of Open Wells

Medical Camps with the help I

Health SeNice

Water Supply to N.C. Village Nardha

Awareness Camp for Representative

Mannure Pit

Govt. PoMeehnic, Damoh

Health Camp

Disinfection of Wells

Library SeNices

Identification of Area of Disaster

Display of Video Film

Women Clubs

Plantation

Govt. PoMechnic, Seani

Cleaning of Wells

Disinfection of Wells

Health Camp for Women

Veterinary Camp for Cattle

Village Library

Villag

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Technical Exhibition

Special Camp during Natural! Man made disaster

Nursery School

Govt. PoMechnic, DhamtaN >

Disinfection of Weils •

Health Camp for Children and Women

Health Camp for Cattle

Awareness Camp, Village Library

Exhibition School Camps during Natural/Man'made disasters

Nursery School, Balwori

Govt. PoMechnic, Horda

Film Show

Dissemination of Information by Leaflet

Computer Awareness

Programmes

Coilecting the information on disaster management in Hoshangabad district

• To organise Health Camp

Govt. PoMechnic. Sanawad

Organising Rural Libraries

Lecture for Disaster Management

Organising Camp for Purification of water and disinfection of Weils

Health Camp for Women & Children

Organising Film Show for Health and Family Planning

Adult Education Centre

Balwadl

Tree Plantation

Women PoMechnlc, Bhopal

Health Camp

Puppet Show

Film Show

N.S.S. Camp

Women Club

Library

Women PoMechnic. Sagar

Establishment of Medical Centre for ORL & Chlorine Tablets "

Camp for Awareness of Iodized

Salt and Distribution of Chlorine Tablets

Film Show

Shramdan with the help of students

Awareness Camp against disaster

Women PoMechnic, Burhanpur

Health Awareness Camp

Agriculture Camp

Adult Education

Balwadi

Tree Plantation

Lecture for Disaster Management

Organising Rural Library

YoufhClub

185

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Women PoMechnlc, Jagdalpur

Health Awareness Camp

Adult Education

8alwadl

Tree Plantation

Lecture for Disaster Management

Organising Film Show for Health and Family Planning

"

Govt. Women PolytechniC!, Jabalpur

Literacy Programme

Library Establishment

Environment Pollution Control (Lecture)

Seminar on Popularisation of Technology for Women

Food and Nutrition for Children and Women

Workshop on Prevention and relief in case of disaster

Formulation of Women Club

Govt. Women Polvtechnlc, Raipur

Health Camp

Disinfection of Wells

Library SeNices

Identification of Area of Disaster

Display of Video Films

Women Club

Plantation

Govt. PoMechnic Ashoknagar

Health Camps

Film Shows

Exhibitions

Plantation

Dissemination of information

Water Management

186

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SI. No. COMMUNITY SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH C. P. IN M. P. STATE

1. DRINKING WATER MANAGEMENT

2. HEALTH & HYGINE AWARENESS

3. AWARENESS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT

4. . FILM SHOW

5. EYE CAMP

6. HEALTH AND NUTRITION CAMP

7. BLOOD COLLECTION

8. ADULT EDUCATION

9. AGRICULTURE CAMP

10. . TRAINING OF HOUSEHOLD ELECTRONICS, SOLAR EQUIPMENT AND OPERATION FOR WOMEN

11. DISINFECTION OF DRINKING WATER

12. ORGANISING TALKS OF SCIENTISTS, EARTHQUAKES EXPERTAGRO . SCIENTIEST •

13. . CHILD CHEKUP CAMP

14. ESTABLISHMENT OF EXTENSION CENTRE

15. MOBILE LIBRARY

16. DISINFECTION OF WELL WATER

17. YOUTH CLUB ORGANISATION

18. . AWARENESS PROGRAMME OF NEW TECHNOLOGY

19. TECHNICAL SERVICE CAMP

20. DISTRIBUTION OF PAMPHLETS

21. INFORMATION DISSIMINATION CAMP

22. EXHIBITION HEALTH CARE AND SANITATION CAMP

23. LECTURE 'AND SEMINARS

24. SOCIAL FORESTRY

25. ORGANISING RURAL LIBRARIES

26. BALWADI

27. . TREE PLANTAlON

187

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SI. No. COMMUNllY SERVICES PROVIDED THROUGH C. P. IN M. P. STATE

28. ESTABLISHMENT OF EXTENSION CENTRE

29. DISTRIBUTION OF CHLORINE TABLETS

30. PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF LITERATURE

31. WATER SUPPLY TO N.C. VILLAGE NARDHA

32. AWARENESS CAMP FOR VILLAGE REPRESENTATIVE

33. MANNURE PIT

34. . IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF DISASTER

35. DISPLAY OF VIDEO FILM

36. WOMEN CLUBS

37. VETERINARY CAMP FOR CATTLE

38. . SPECIAL CAMP DURING NATURAUMAN MADE DISASTERS

39. NURSERY SCHOOL

40. DESIMINATION OF INFORMATION BY LEAFLET

41. COMPUTER AWARENESS PROGRAMMES

42. COLLECTING THE INFORMATION ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN HOSHANGABAD DISTRICT

43. PUPPET SHOW

44. N.S.S CAMP

45. ESTABLISHMENT OF MEDICAL CENTRE FOR ORL & CHLORINE TABLETS

46. CAMP FOR AWAREBESS IF IODIZED SALT AND DISTRIBUTION OF . CHLORINE TABLETS

47. SHRAMDAN WITH THE HELP OF STUDENT

48. ITERACY PROGRAMME

49. ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION CONTROL LECTURE

50. SEMINAR ON POPULARIZATION OF TECH. FOR WOMEN

51. FOOD AND NUTRITION FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

52. WORKSHOP ON PREVENTION AND RELIEF IN CASE OF DISASTER

53. LIBRARY

188

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SI.

No.

1

2

3

4

YEARWISE GRANTS RECEIVED AND EXPENDITURE INCURRED

Year , ,

GRANT RECEIVED EXPENDITURE ..

Recurring Non recurring Recurring Non recurring

GOVT.KALANIKETAN POLY.JABALPUR

1993-94 150000 500000 NIL NIL

1994-95 NIL NIL 49466 275738

~1995-96 NIL - 500000 180172 55913

GOVT. POLY. BHOPAL

1984-85 50000 200000 NIL 20631

1985-86 150000 NIL 102872 NIL

1986-87 NIL NIL 98655 NIL

1987-88 100000 14000 NIL 67767 1988-89 100000 NIL NIL 121783 1989-90 172000 NIL 95734 NIL .. 1990-91 78000 NIL 94658 11896 1991-92 41000 NIL 94847 NIL

1992-93 NIL NIL 99597 NIL

1993-94 175000 NIL 138446 NIL

·1994-95 150000 "- NIL 68500 NIL

1995-96 500000 NIL 147834 37790

GOVT. POLYTECHNIC UJJAIN

1993-94 25000 250000 3320 214052 1994-95 200000 300000 108015 109558 1995-96 500000 NIL 173198 41187

GOVT.POLYTECHNIC KHANDWA

1986-87 N.A N.A N.A N.A .. 1987-88 N.A N.A N.A N.A

1988-89 85000 NIL 78891 29328 1989-90 NIL NIL 71659 25117 1990-91 99000 NIL 89115 NIL .1991-92 88000 - NIL 92786 NIL -"-1992-93 125000 NIL 104584 NIL 1993-94 483000 NIL 117784 NIL 1994-95 627081 NIL 170423 NIL 1995-96 600000 NIL 169647 108246

189

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SI. . Year GRANT.RECEIVED EXPENDITURE

No. Recllrring , Non recllrring Recurring Non recurring

5 GOVT.POLY.NOWGONG

1986-87 125000 500000 106323 248662

1987-88 86000 NIL 162654 89236

1988-89 125000 NIL 1168863 -43342

1989-90 125000 NIL 136791 11093

1990-91 125000 NIL 1333751 3584

1991-92 125000 NIL 134376 8472

1992-93 125000 NIL 126017 105

1ge'3-94 150000 NIL 143092 NIL

1994-95 600000 NIL 145309 9205

',1995-96 350000 - 50000 175451 6229

6 GDVT.POLY.SHAHDOL

1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 104000 NIL 107882 53876

1991-92 109568 500000 116103 320109

1992-93 125000 500000 108892 319409

1993-94 125000 500000 124289 NIL

1994-95 NIL NIL 125174 NIL

1995-96 , -

7 GOVT.POLY.DURG

1986-87 112500 NIL NIL 747328

1987-88 102000 NIL 125107 53041

1988-89 NIL NIL 76664 36188

1989-90 125000 NIL 83129 38536

1990-91 49000 NIL 87265 6665

1991-92 87000 NIL 132220 17112

·1992-93 207000 NIL 123368 19900

1993-94 NIL NIL 121170 7148

1994-95 150000 NIL 145977 NIL

1995-96 NIL NIL 70662 NIL

ISO

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SI. Year GRANT RECEIVED EXPENDITURE

No. Recurring Non recllrring Recurring Non recurring

8 GOVT.POLY.GWALIOR

.1986-87 . 1987-88 1988-89 183235 127171 1989-90 125000 NIL 83129 38536 1990-91 NIL NIL 171623 3717 1991-92 12500 NIL 181342 NIL

1992-93 175000 300000 153419 NIL

1993-94 NIL NIL 121170 7148 '1994-95 325000 ' NIL 109122 Nil 1995-96 700000 NIL 139774 46545

9 GOVT. POLY. AMBIKAPUR

1992-93 100000 500000 42248 254662 .1993-94 500000 . NIL 129083 90352 1994-95 250000 NIL 196607 82195 1995-96 400000 NIL 116607 Nil

10 GOVT. POLY. JHABUA

1993-94 25000 250000 42368 239506 1994-95 125000 250000 50459 13308 1995-96

11 -, GOVT. POLY. KHURAI

1979-80 62000 165000 72223 69380 1980-81 30000 200000 49857 85716 1981-82 50000 NIL 70140 119832 1982-83 100000 100000 81014 25514 ',1983-84 75000

. NIL 91059 23290

1984-85 100000 NIL 110144 14463 1985-86 100000 35000 153646 5793 1986-87 125000 NIL 96484 20627 1987-88 125000 NIL 93718 18320 1988-89 125000 NIL 103979 26405 1989-90 102088 NIL Nil 7099 1990-91 175000 NIL 140941 9275

"

1991-92 125000 NIL 212827 8401

191

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SI. Year GRANT RECEIVED . EXPENDITURE

No. Recurring Non recurring Recurring Non recurring

1992-93 175000 NIL 130312 2504 .. 1993-94 325000 NIL 198957 1005

1994-95 400000 NIL 213645 NIL

1995-96 200000 NIL 67283 NIL

12 GOVT. POLY. DAMOH

'.1993-94 NIL - 250000 7962 236427

1994-95 150000 . 250000 105229 116603

1995-96 400000 NIL 246837 47351

13 GOVT. POLY. SEONJ

1991-92 50000 400000 28740 237719

1992-93 100000 100000 62812 117656

1993-94 117000 NIL 1423992 90386

.1994-95 125000 NIL NIL NIL

1995-96 500000 NIL 431639 25208

14 GOVT. POLY. DHAMTARI

1991:92 50000 400000 15897 25699

1992-93 100000 100000 61218 281769 , -1993-94 NIL NIL 67168 7196 0

1994-95 250000 NIL 83947 7870

1995-96 400000 NIL 878738 109001

15 GOVT. POLY, HARDA

1991-92 50000 400000 223822 223822

1992-93 100000 100000 29983 2623

1993-94 125000 NIL 75362 NIL .. 1994-95 125000 NIL 142992 90386

1995-96 NIL NIL 126742 3794

16 GOVT. POLY. SANAWAD

1978-79 ".1979-80 10000 - 100000 29300 23523

1980-81 120000 300000 62522 139811

1981-82 50000 NIL 99345 21752

1982-83 125000 NIL 100792 61887

1983-84 60000 NIL 125513 30806

1984-85 100000 NIL 118386 37025

I9Z

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SI. Year GRANT,RECEIVED EXPENDITURE

No. Recurring Non recurring Recurring Non recurring

1985-86 100000 100000 117668 29907

1986-87 125000 500000, 167301 119391 1987-88 125000 NIL 174658 29413

1988-89 132000 NIL 119189 11935

.. 1969-90 NIL 300000 108989 249568 1990-91 250000 NIL 106071 23302 1991-92 125000 NIL 123554 68751 1992-93 125000 NIL 161485 8800 1993-94 50000 NIL 163175 4877 ",1994-95 600000 - NIL 416921 193205 '1995-96 150000 NIL 0 319846 64

17 GOVT. POLY. KHIRSADOH

'1996-97 700000 1000000

18 GOVT. POLY. BALAGHAT

,.1996-97 700000 1000000 0

19 GOVT. POLY. ASHOKNAGAR

1995-96 350000 100000 183614 490437

20 " GOVT. POLY. RAIGARH

1996-97 700000 1000000

21 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. BHOPAL

1993-94 150000 500000 0 1994-95 150000 500000 104225 167548 1995-96 NIL 500000 166886 14823

22 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. SAGAR

1994-95 222800 325000 26174 286966 1995-96 NIL NIL 129218 184506

23 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. BURHANPUR

",1994-95 333000 .

492000 7889 270245 1995-96 375000 ' 500000 21323 119800

193

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Sl. Year GRANT RECEIVED EXPENDITURE

No. Recurring Non recurring Recurring Non recurring

24 .

GOVT. WOMEN POLY. JAGDALPUR

1994-95 333000 . NIL 313815 NIL

1995-96 1367000 NIL 225964 95197

25 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. JABALPUR

1995-96 867000 112044 88617

26 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. RAIPUR

1994-95 333000 NIL 326524 1995-96 1367000 NIL 194344

27 GOVT. WOMEN POLY. INDORE

.1995-96 1350000 _ NIL 32135 125885

19{

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EMPLOYMENT GENERATION IN RURAL AREA OF MADHYA PRADESH

Quite distinct from the problem of unemployment In developed countries,

one of the major problem of developing countries has been unemployment and

under employment, the phenomenon consisting of a high percent9ge of

population depending on primary occupations with a very low resources base, low

Incomes and savings potential, traditional skills and attituditlonal patterns. As a result

of the analysis of the phenomenon· of unemployment and poverty in this country,

the following causes have been Identified :-

1. Widespread under-employment and disguised unemployment with wide

. regional variation in the level of development in the country.

2. Highly skewed distribution pattern of resource base In the form of land

holdings, productive assets and levels of technology adopte<;l.

3. Wide differences in the pattern of incomes, saving, saving potential.

investment capabilities, risk taking and entrepreneurial potential.

4. Wide difference in educational levels and access to knowledge about

improved agricultural and industrial development potential.

5. Socio-cultural factor including cast system, dependency on traditional

employment sources as in the case of agricultural labour, low level of

aspiration and motivation as a part of social structural constraints.

6. Low level of skills and training facilities available specially in remote areas in

their cultural environment.

7. Low levels of awareness regarding new developments in scientific and

technological methods and devices.

8. Gender bias in occupations due to traditional and local anthropological

beliefs.

195

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Madhya pradesh has rural population of 50842 thousands (Census 1991)

with 44384 thousand hectares of agrlculturalland (1994-95) and the 5551 Lakh rural

families below poverty line (1991-92). The total number of beneficiary families under

the Integrated rural development programmes are 210 thousand. Density of

population. main working population. literacy. per capita Income. agriculture

density lengfh of roads per 100 square KM area. bank deposit per head. loan per

head and use of fertiliser etc. In M.P.· are all lower than the national average.

But electricity consumption per head. women per thousand (demographic

composition) total farmers In working population of state. Infant death. per head

total area sowing etc. are all higher than the national average. Thus M.P. Is not very

deviant from the national scene of underemployment or unemployment (Except hili

areas).

A number of attempts have been made during the last fifty years to deal

with the problem of rural unemployment and under employment their net Impact .

on employment generation has not been commensurate with efforts. From the

period of sixth five year plan on wards the thrust areas have been employment

generation. removal poverty and reduction in disparities of incomes. The basic

postulates of the effort of recent period can be summarised'as under :-

1. Increase in the irrigation projects of all the three be types i.e. major. medium

and minor.

2. Land distribution and consolidation of holdings.

3. Regulation of growth of farm mechanisation.

4. SupplY of inputs as well as expansion and consolidation of infrastructural

services.

5. Application of Science and technologies to increase the production in farm

sectors.

6. Development of technical skills on new appliances specially non

conventional appliances.

7. Upgradation of the existing skills of the rural poor & village artisans.

196

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8. Dissemination of Information. creation of community and social assets.

9. Transfer of appropriate technology and rural Industrialisation.

10. Overall Improvement In the quality of life In rural areas.

Community Polytechnic Scheme In Madhya Pradesh has played a good role

in this direction of employment generation and programmes based on above

postulates In rural sectors. The delivery of benefits to the grass root level In rural

areas have been through V.E.Cs. An study of the following graphs Indicates the

relevant work done by the polytechnics of the state through C.P.S.

197

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Gra

ph N

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250

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Gra

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Page 83: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

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Page 84: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

12

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STATUS OF CO-ORDINATION WITH

DIFFERENT ORGANISATIONS

Govt. PoMechnic, Uilain

1. D.R.D.A.·

2. P.H.E ..

3. N.S.S.

4. Engineering Forum

5. Urja Vikas·Nigam

6. District Industry Technology

7. Khadi Gramodyog

8. I.O.B.1.

9. Agruculture Department

W.D.M.O.

Govt. PoMechnic, Shahdol

1. D.RoO.A., Shahdol

2. D.I.C., Shahdol

3. District Handloom Development

Board

4. Carpet, New Delhi

5. Urja Vikas Nigam

6. District Handloom Centre

7. Department of Agriculture and Soil

Conversation

Govt. PoMechnic, Khurai

1. Urja Vika~ Nigam

2. D.RoO.A.

3. Public Health Department

4. P.H.E.

5. B.D.O.

Govt. PoMechnic, Ambikapur

1. D.RoO.A.

2. P.G.C.A.

3. Publicity Department

4. M.P. UrJa Nigam

5. Laghu Udyog Nigam

Govt. PoMechnic, Nowgong

1. Urja Vikas Nigam

2. Block Development Office

3. D.RoO.A.

4. Agro Industries

5. Health Department

6. Public Health Engineering

7. Lead Bank

8. Industry Department

Govt. Women PoMechnic, Sagar

1. D.RoOA

2. Lead Bank

3. Nehru Yuwa Kendra

4. Govt. Poly. Khurai

5. CoO.R.T.

6. Health Deptt.

7. P.H.E.

198

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8, V/llage Panchayat

9, Women and Child Welfare Deptt,

lQ,lnformatlon and Publicity Deptt,

S, V, PoMechnlc, Bhopal

1. Urja Vlka~ Nigam

2, Lead Bank

3, District Industries Centre Bhopal

and Mandideep

4. MP, Agro Industries Development

Corporation

6, P,H,E. Deptt,

Govt. PoMechnic, Khandwa

1, Panchayat

2, Janpad

3, P,H,E.

,

Govt. Women Polvtechnic, Jagdalpur

1. D,RDA

2. P,H,E,

3, N,S,S.

4, Urja Vikas Nigam

6. D,I.C,

6, I.D,B,1.

7, Khadi Gr,?modyog

8. Hospital

9, Bank

Govt. PoMechnic, Sanawad

1, MP. U~a Vikas Nigam, Indore

2. Sama} Kalyan, Khargone

3. P.H.E, Sub Division

4, B,D,O" Barwaha

6, D,R.DA

6. Lions Club, Sanawad

Govt. PoMechnic, Gwalior

1, M.P. Urja Vikas Nigam

2. M,P. Agro Industries Corporation

3, Agriculture College

4, D,RD,A.

6, ED,P. Cell

6. DANIDA

7, Publicity Deptt.

Govt. PoMechnic, Seeni

1, Village Panchayat

2. Block and District Panchayat

3, D.I.C,

4. D.R.D.A.

5. P.H,E,

6, Urja Vikas Nigam

7. M.P. Agro Industries

8. Health

9, Vetenary

10. Agriculture

Govt. Women Polvtechnic, Burhanpur

1. D,RDA

2, P,H,E.

3. N.S.S.

199

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4. M.P. Urla Vikas Nigam

5. D.I.C.

6. I.D.B.I.

7. Khadl Gram Udyog

8. District Hospital

Govt. PoMechnic, Dhamtori

1. Panchyat

2. D.R.D.A.

3. D.K.

4. BLOCK

5. P.H.E.

6. Health

7. Urja Vikas·Nigam

8. M.P. Agro

9. Forest

10. Vatenary

11. Lions Club

12. Agriculture

Govt. Women Polytechnic, Raipur

1. D.RD.A.

2. P.H.E.

3. N.S.S.

4. M.P. Uria Vikas Nigam

6. D.I.C.

6. I.D.B.I

7. Khadi Gram Udyog

8. District Hospital

Govt. PoMechnic, Damoh

1. U.V.N.

2 .. Khadi Gram udyog

3. D.R.D.A.

4. Agriculture Deptt.

Govt, PoMechnic, Horda

1. M.P. U.V.N. Bhopal and

Hoshangabad

2. Village Panchayat

3. District Industry Centre

Govt. PoMechnic, Durg

1. D.R.D.A.

2. Urja Vikas Nigam

3. Lead Bank

4. District Hospital

6. Agriculture Deptt.

Govt. Kalaniketan (Polv.), Jabalpur

1. CD.R.T.

2. Urja Vikas Nigam

3. M.P. Council for Child Welfare

4. Unicef

6. Health Deptt.

6. P.H.E. Deptt.

7. Panchayat

8. Indian Society for Rehabilitation of

Handicaps

Govt. Women Polytechnic, Jabalpur

1. D.RD.A.

200

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2. M.P. UrJa Vikas Nigam Govt. Polytechnic, Jhabua

3. College of Agricultural Engineering 1. P.H.E. Department

4. M.P. Consultant 2. D.R.D.A. Jhabua

5. M.P. Polytechnic Centre, Bhopal 3. UrJa Vikas Nigam

6. N.I.RoO. 4. Agro Industries

7. RoO.V.V. Jabalpur

8. District Industry Centre Govt. Polytechnic, Ashoknagar

1. Gram Panchayat

Govt. Women Polytechnic, Bhopal 2. P.H.E.

1. Industries Deptt. 3. U.V.N.

2. Urja Vikas.Nlgam 4. Agriculture Deptt.

3. Health Department 5. Health

4. D.RoOA 6. D.RoOA

7. Banks

2!)1

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TECHNICAL VALIDATION SURVEY OF DRINKING WATER FOR NOT COVERED RURAL HABITATION

BACKGROUND:

In order to quantify the problems to be tackled In rural water supply, field

surveys on the status of water supply have been conducted by the state

Governments at the Instance of Government of India. Four such surveys have been

complete In 1972, 1980, 1985 & 1991-93. The first three surveys were more general . . .

In nature but the latest surveys during 1991-93 have been very elaborate with .

respect to the status of water supply in every rural habitation In the country. Hitherto

the smallest unit of the survey was the census village, which has now been

changed to habitation.

The survey during 91-93 had two parts- Part I of the survey essentially

identified the availability of drinking water source and quantity of supply !n rural

habitation. This has been completed in all the states and the results have been

computerised using the facilities of National Informatics Centre (NIC). Part II of the

survey was tt? assess the quality of water supplied in rural habitation, wherein water

sample was to be collected for testing.

The current programmes are based on the results of the 1985 survey.

Considering the cumulative coverage of villages with water sources, only about 500

villages are left uncovered as now. But the recent survey has recent survey has

revealed that more than 66000 main habitations are without any drinking water

source.

This is an abnormally high figure. Part of it would be accounted for by certain

definition iss~es in classifying a habitation as "NOT COVERED" (NC). But it is also

possible that the village once covered has re-emerged into the 'NC' category due

202

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to the source drying up or the system becoming defunct due to mechanical

problems. This Is an area which Is of great concern while planning for the future.

Therefore, it has been decided to conduct a thorough field verification of

these 'NC' category "main habitations' and a sample of the 'NC' category "other

habitations'.. Since the result of the study would have very Important policy

Implications, the intention Is to utilise the best expertise available in the country to

conduct this exercise.

PURPOSE OF THIS VALIDATION EXERCISE:

The present exercise of re-verification with the help of an Independent

agency of repute is to :-

1. Clear the ambiguity in categorisation of the village/habitations with respect

to definitions.

2. Identifv the reasons for a villClge/habitation which was treated as covered

earlier but re-emerges as NC.,

3. Assess the effectiveness of operation and maintenance at village/habitation

level.

4. Assess the level of community participation at village/habitation level.

TI-lE PROJECT:

Therefore, Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment and Ministry of Human

Resource Development entrusted the responsibility of the survey regarding the Rural

Drinking water and its technology to the community polytechnics. On behalf of

Ministry of H~man Resource Development, IITs and TTTIs of the country were asked

to provide different resources and inputs in the matter so that the huge survey

programmes could be launched as a time bound programme.

The programme was undertaken under Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water

Mission. Briefly it involved the validation survey of not covered main habitations and

30% of not covered other habitations which were 'revealed in 91-93 survey.

203

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TECHNICAL VALIDATION SURVEY OF DRINKING WATER

Sl. Name of Distl"ict No. of ,-iIIage to be sUITayed Total Time

No. "lain Others Vilillgo. Frame

1 Sagar (Khurai) 29 6 35 7 days ..

(One team)

2 West Nimar 177 264 441 30 days

• (Three teams)

3 Chhatarpur 21 16 37 7 days

(Nowgaon BKD) - (One team)

4 Gwalior 34 24 58 12 days

(One team)

5 ShahdoJ 178 324 502 30 days

(Three teams)

6 Durg 21 5 26 5 days

(One team)

7 Bhopal 51 1 52 10 days

(One team)

8 Seoni 27 43 70 15 days

(One team)

9 Hoshangabad - 145 46 191 20 days

(Harda) (Two teams)

10 Raipur 243 184 427 30 days

(Three teams)

11 Sarguja 782 762 1544 40 days

(Five teams)

12 Damoh 154 15 169 15 days

.. (Two teams)

13 JabaJpur 81 42 123 10 days

(Two teams) ,

14 Ujjain 40 4 44 10 days

- - (One team)

TOTAL 3719

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Therefore Its accuracy and correctness were of vital Importance. Madhya Pradesh

also Is facing the drinking water problem In its rural areas. Therefore, it was decided

to Involve th~ community polytechnics in a very systematic manner in the state.

In Madhya Pradesh It was planned to complete the Validation SUNey in its 14

drinking water problematic districts within a definite time frame as under :-

Note:

1. Govt. Polytechnic, Khandwa, assisted In Khargone district.

2. Govt. Polytechnic. Harda, Govt. Polytechnic, Seonl and Govt. Polytechnic

Ujjain assisted In district Sarguja for part of the time. ,

3. Govt. Polytechnic, Seani assisted in Raipur alongwith Govt. Polytechnic, Durg

and Dhamtari.

EXECUTION:

Thus a total of 3719 villages were to be sUNeyed by 30th June 1994. This

meant that from the date of decision taken on 6th May 1994 vide Director Technical

Education M.P. letter no, Steno/94/DD P.I./32 dated 6.5.94 less than two months

were available for planning, training, finding, executing and submission of the

report. Therefore, a well planned time bound implementation schedule was drawn

up as depicted in the figure. The training of concerned Project Officers/Assistant

Project Officers was organized on 22-23<d May 1994 at UT.I" Bhopal for proper

understanding, correctness and accuracy of the results.

It is a matter of great satisfaction that the teachers (HODs and Lecturers) in

capacity as POs/APOs completed the whole task within the time frame without

effecting their normal academic duties required in the institution and inspite of the

fact that far and remote areas, many in difficult terrain, were covered.

Congratulation and hats off to these concerned dedicated technical teachers of

M.P. They proved that, once called upon, they are second to none for seNing the

cause of their state and the nation.

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Page 94: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME FOR RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL DRINKING WATER MISSION

(RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION SECTOR. G.O.I.)

In Indla's endeavours of providing safe drinking water and appropriate

sanitation facilities to rural population. Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment have

contributed substantially towards this National commitment by making efforts of

providing safe drinking water to maximum possible villages out of a total of

5.86.1 74 inhqbited villages In the country. Enormous challenges were encountered

in this project due to non availability of appropriate water sources. innovative and

appropriate low cost technologies.

These technologies included India mark 2 and 3 handpumps (VLOM).

provision of treatment facility for Defluoridation. desalination. iron removal and

implementation of guineaworm eradication programme, water quality surveillance.

rain water harvesting structures and solar photovoltic pumps etc.

Out of a total of 5,86,1 74 inhabitated villages in the country Madhya

Pradesh has''? 1 ,526 inhabitated villages spread over an enormous areas and many

with difficult terrain. Therefore Madhya Pradesh faces the same challenges of

providing safe drinking water to its rural population. The Government of Madhya

Pradesh being the first in the country in implementing Panchayat Raj system

decided to give this responsibility of rural water supply and sanitation to the village

Panchayats who could play a very effective role in achieving of Rajiv Gandhi

National Drinking Water Mission goals.

In Madhya Pradesh there are 30,922 village Panchyat, 459 Janpad

Panchayat and 45 Jila Panchayats. Thus, M.P. has established a good Network of

Panchayati -Raj system which was· considered effective in solving this problem

through rural people's participation at the grass root level making this project a

people's programme with community participation.

2D1-

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Thus. the beneficiaries themselves could become the workers for their

programme at the grass root level In operation and maintenance of Rural water

supply hardware and in creation of facilities for rural sanitation. Consequently it was

absolutely necessary to develop design and implement the Human Resource

Department. project at the grass root level for 30922 village panchayat. For this

purpose it was also essential to visualise the problems. challenges expected during

operation. The biggest challenges in this endeavour are summarised as under ;-

1. Non availability of trainees. mechanics. operators. care takers and other , skilled workers like masons at village level.

2. Non availability of adequate number of trainers.

3. Lack 'of motivation among beneficiaries. panchayat officials. engineers and

other technical persons.

To overcome the above difficulties Madhya Pradesh Government decided

to involve public Health Engineering Department and Man Power planning

Department for giving technology support in human resource development. In

Madhya Pradesh out of 45 Government polytechnics (including 2non Govt.) 27

Polytechnics are implementing community polytechniC scheme. Therefore. in the

first phase of implementation it was decided to give this responsibility of providing

training and technical support to those polytechniC scheme. Therefore. in the first

phase of implementation it was decided to give this responsibility of providing

training and technical support to those polytechnic which are with community

polytechnic scheme and have the necessary co-ordination. experience and

infrastructure facilities in rural areas. In Madhya Pradesh having organised the initial

training / awareness programmes for its functionaries the panchayat readily took up

the responsibility of implementing this project.

After a detailed study it was decided that the following four type to grass

root level vii/age workers be trained for the success of this. project

2!J8

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1, Mason to construct and maintain sanitary latrines,

2, Handpumps mechanics to maintain handpumps for water supply,

3, Health & sanitation workers who will educate people on the diseases caused

by drinking of unsuitable water (water born diseases),

4, Motivators, who will motivate the people of their village,

For getting their wilJlng particlpotlon In this project a four pronged attack

could be made to get the cont~ol over the drinking water and rural sanitation

problems at the village level, ensuring the success in implementation and

sustainabillty,

When called upon the polytechnics of Madhya Pradesh readily took up this

challenge and are arranging the training of concerned people in two ways, viz,

Firstly, by organising the Sarponch Sammelan with the objective to create

awareness in village Sarpanch regarding their roles to create awareness for the

project and secondly; the training of grass root level village workers, The response of

the village Sarpanches is overwhelming, The Sarpanches of village, Janpad and

Jila are attending these Sarpanch Sammelans with good enthusiasm.

Needless to say that this type of involvement of the technical persons living in

academic environment. was a novel one and challenging but the spontaneous

response which was evident from the enthusiasm, attention and the performance,

in addition to their normal teaching work, towards this work of social importance, is

praise worthy,

Technical Teachers Training Institute, Western region, Shyamla Hills, Bhopal, is

providing all the training resources, finances and necessary co-ordination with the

Public Health Engineering Department of the State including the liaison with Ministry

of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment.

Govt, of India, This Institute has provided the necessary guidance to polytechnic in

organising the training programmes and the Sarpanch Sammelans,

2!J9

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,

-APPENDIX -A

DISTRICT WISE SARPANCH SAMMELANS ORGANIZED UNDER RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL DRINKING WATER MISSION IN M.P.

(POSmON AS ON 31 sl JULY 1996)

51. No. Name of District No. of Participating Sarpaches

1 JABAlPUR 191

2 SEONI 240,

3 GUNA (ASHOKNAGAR) -

4 SAGAR 148 - -

5 BHOPAL 125

6 KHARGONE -

7 RAIPUR (DHAMTARI) 226

8 SARGUJA (AMBIKAPUR) 133

9 HOSANGABAD -10 SHADOl 176

11 KHANDWA -

12 DU.RG 550

13 SEHO.RE 611

14 - DAMOH - -

15 CHHATARPUR -

16 JHABUA 104

17 GWALIOR -

18 REWA -

TOTAL 2504

21.0

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APPENDIX - B

DISTRICT WISE SARPANCH SAMMELANS ORGANIZED UNDER RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL DRINKING WATER MISSION IN M.P.

(POSmON AS ON 31 sl JULY 1996)

51 •. Name of District Hand,.UIOI' No. of Particil'"ting Sarl'"nches He"lth

. No. . Mechanics Maso" MtJtivat(Jr!; & lIygine Worl{ers

1 JABAlPUR 195 115 90 , .-2 SEONI 240 190 217 30

3 GUNA (ASHOK NAGAR) 260 78 169 -

4 SAGAR 506 329 268 79

5 BHOPAL 116 60 55 -..

6 KHARGONE 121 161 - -

7 RAIPUR (DHAMTARI) 233 191 138 -

8 HOSANGABAD 157 17 - -

9 SHADOl 57 - - 23 . -10 KHANDWA 135 45 - -

11 DURG 211 77 - -

12 SEHORE 158 154 - -

13 DAMOH 57 45 - 44

14 CHHATARPUR 60 46 - -

15 JAHABUA - 43 -..

16 GWALIOR 15 14 - -

17 REWA 28 24 - -

18 SARGUJA (AMBIKAPUR) 136 65 - -

- TOTAL - 2686 1614 980 176

TOTAL NO. OF GRASS ROOT LEVEL WORKERS TRAINED = 5456

211

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INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK AND LINKAGES FOR TRANING

..

NATIONAL COORDINATION

., COMMITTEE ,

. -

., r '- NATIONAL COORDINATION > / CALL (HRD) AT RGNDWN .....

. "-i \ /

81 LATERAL AND 1/ , INDIAN TRAINING / , STATE LEVEL

MUL TILA TERAL

" I NETWORK HRD CELLS AGENCIES INSTITUTES

/ '. / I' . -

, v , " y

SATELLITE DISTRICT LEVEL NGOs

/ , TRAINING INSTITUTE , TRAINGING LOCATION / COMMUNITY POL Y- IPHC/KVKlPANCHAYATS

TECHNICS, CDRT RURAL SCHOOLS

~ ~

21.2

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ADMINISTRA liVE STRUCTURE FOR POLICY DECISIONS, IMPLEMENTATION, MONTIORING AND APPRAISALS

COMMITTEE

APEX COMMITTEE

Secretaries to

State Government

STATE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

onHRD from RWSS

DISTRICT LEVEL

COMMITTEE

CHAIRPERSON

Secretary

by

State Government

Secretary In charge

of RWS&.S

DISTRICT COLLECTOR

PRIMARY FUNCTIONS

1. Identification of participating departmenV agency for training, levels of training perso­nnel and broad training areas for the state

2. Policy Directives and implementation procedures for selection, deputation and oeployment of trainees

3. Allocation and flow of funds

4. Approval of state level training calendar

5. Progress review

6. Feedback to MRD, GOI

1. Identification of categories and number of training for each category

2. Preparation of training calendar for district or higher level trainees and their selection

3. Planning and utilisation of funds

4. HRP ProgrammeMonitoring

5. Laying down procedures for optimal utiliz­zation of trained personnel

S. Feedback to APEX Committee

1. Preparation of list of grass root trainees and district level trainees and district level trainees

2. Training calendar for grass root level trainees

3. Monitoring and evaluation of training programmes

4. Feedback to SEC

213

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In view of enormous area of M,P, and the number of polytechnics of the

state, which do not have the communlly polytechnic scheme, are gradually being

Involved In organising the training programme and Sarpanch Sammelans,

The Implementation of this Rural Drinking Water Project can be cited as a

good example of Interdepartmental and intradepartmental co-ordination,

In Madhya Pradesh Technical Education (including Management and

Pharmacy) I? under Department of Man Power Planning of Govt, of M,P, and this

novel endeavour was quite fortunate to get the whole hearted blessing, support

and guidance from Hon'ble Minister, Man Power Planning and Public Health &

Family Welfare Govt, of M,P, Hon'ble Minister Shri Narendra Nahata, who himself is

an Engineer, fully realising the potential and relevance of this project towards

solving the drinking water problem and rural sanitation for a healthier rural life, has

sought the cooperation, guidance and participation of his all Cabinet colleagues,

Ministers. Hon'ble members of Parliament and Sarpanch, Distt, Panchayats so that

this project gets people's partiCipation on a massive scale like a people's

movement,

District wise Sarpanch Sammelan organised and the number of grass root

level workers trained upto July '96 are shown in Appendix A & B, The Institutional

frame work and linkage for training & administration is depicted in Appendix C & D,

., 1" .. ';t

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SCHEME OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS IN THE MINORITY CONCENTRATED DISTRICTS OF M.P.

As per the annual report of the minorities commission Madhya pradesh for

the year 1994-95, there are 19 minorities concentrated districts in the state

although the people belonging to minorities communities dwell in all the 45

districts. The minority community consists of Muslim, Christian, Sikh and Boudh. The

percentage of minority is 5.88% of the population of the state as given under:

COMMUNITY POPULATION % OF TOTAL

POPULATION

Muslim 3173434 4.80

Christian 44644 0.67

Sikh 181407 0.27

Boudti 95526 0.14

Total 3896808 5.88

(Total population of parsians is about 1000 in the state - census 1981)

With a view to ensure a fair share of the benefits of technical education

system, the minorities have the opportunity of being trained in a number of trades

through Community polytechnics to improve their employability and the socio­

economic status in Madhya Pradesh. The training is specially geared to the needs ,

of the rural unemployed/under employed youth and the under privileged and

disadvantaged women of the minority community.

Out of the 19 minorities concentrated districts, Govt. of M.P .. Directorate of

technical Education have arranged the rural development programme including

manpower development and training through the community polytechnic in the

2i5

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Minority Concentrated Districts of Madhya Pradesh

SI. District Population Polytechnic· Trade available under

No. C.P.S. for training

1 Bhopal 26.29 1. GOY!. S.v.Polytechnic 13

2. GOY!. Women Polytechnic 10

2 East·Nimar (Khandwa) 14.46 GOY!. polytechnic 6

, 3 Indore • 13.32 Shri Vaishnaya Polytechnic under consideration

, 4 Ujjain 11.5 GOY!. Polytechnic '7

. . 5 Raig·a·rh 11.03 GOY!. Polytechnic Started in 1996 . 6 Vidisha 9.85 SA TI (Polytechnic) under consideration

7 Jabalpur 7.28 1. Gov1. Polytechnic 6

(Kalaniketan) 2. GOY!. Women Polytechnic 7

8 Gwalior 7.25 GOY!. poly1echnic 9

9 Wes1Nimar 6.36 GOyt. Poly1echnic 5

(Khargone) Burhanpur

10 Chindwara 5.92 GOY!. Polytechnic Started in 1996

(Khirsadoh)

11 Seoni 5.51 GOY!. Poly1echnic 12 . -

216

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following 11 minority concentrated districts where the minority population Is 5% and

above :-

(Implementation of CSP at polytechnics at Indore and Vldlsha are under the

active consideration of D.T.E.)

Remaining 8 minority concentrated districts of the state where the minority

population is between 5.02% to 10.69% have not been covered under C.P.S. due

mainly to two reasons. namely the polytechnic does not exists or have recently

been started and are in the process of establishment. In future depending upon.

the infrastructure available in the newly started polytechnic in these districts and the

requirement. the project report/proposals to implement CPS in these institutions shall

be submitted to Govt. of India for their approval and sanction. These districts are

Ratlam (10.69), Dewas (10.09). Shajapur (10.02) Sehore (9.82) Mandsore (8.41).

Rajgarh (5.89) and Dhar (5.02). The figure shown in brackets against the districts are

the percentage of minority population.

In Bhopal district where minority population is highest in the State i.e. 26.29%

(Census 1981) the community polytechniC scheme was started as early as in 1986

in Govt. S.V. Polytechnic. Bhopal and since then the minority community Is getting

the benefit of the programmes envisaged under the scheme through the two

minority institutions, namely. Munshi Hussain Khan Technology Institute. Bhopal and

Zari Centre. Bhopal both covered under CPS by this polytechnic.

In this district community polytechnic scheme was implemented in the Govt.

Women PolytechniC as well during the year 1994 with the majority of programmes

aimed at rural women development. opening an opportunity for those minority

community women as well. who are desirous of attaining self reliance and

improving their economic status. Thus Bhopal district is being served by two

polytechniCS with CPS. The trades available in these institutions are based on both

modern technology and the traditional trades of the minority community.

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ESTABLISHMENT OF ENERGY-PARKS

Community polytechnics, can play an Important role In the transfer of non

conventional energy technology in rural areas. The present researches leading to

the manufacture of . non conventional devices have opened on new hope of

transferring the fulfilment of energy requirement for almost all sectors, from the

depleting conventional sources to the non conventional sources or renewable

sources. The greatest limitation of the comparatively new non conventional sources

is its initial high cost and the lack of awareness in masses regarding its proper

economics of the use and consequent lack of voluntary acceptance by people at

the grass root level of the society. Madhya Pradesh decided to take the advantage

of the SPECIAL AREA DEMONSTRATION PROJECT OF Ministry of Non Conventional

Energy Sources. Govt.· of India. This project provides the establishment 'of ENERGY

PARK in the college campus, costing from Rs. 1.00 Lakh to Rs. 10.00 Lakh. The

energy park comprises of display of various non conventional energy devices in the

campus.

• f"',','

To b99in with, an energy park is being established duly sanctioned by DNES,

Govt. of India at the Govt. Women Polytechnic, Jagdalpur, a women technical

institutional located in tribal dominated district. An amount of Rs. 4,53,850/- has

been sanctioned by DNES, New Delhi, to Madhya Pradesh Urja Vikas Nigam vide

their letter no. 49/204/96-SADP. New DeihL dated 21.3.96 for the installation of the

following devices in the institution camps.

After the installation of the above non conventional energy device the

Women Institute through CPS will be a centre for the creation of awareness in

preferably women masses regarding this sector of energy which will go a long way

in solving the problem of distinction of forest wealth in the region for getting the fuel

for domestic use. In addition it will also serve as a demonstration area for learning

to adopt this technology wherever possible in local self Government departments.

For uses other than domestic in the village and cities.

218

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Establishment of Energy Park

Amount (in SI. No. Item Rs.)

1 Solar water heating system with Electrical Back-up Unit (100 LPD)

1 17000

2 .' Solar Cooker 5 6250

3 Solar still 1 4000

4 Solar PV Colour TV (With 210 Watt Module)

1 80000

. -5 . Solar PV streef light 2 48000

6 Solar PV Pump (900 Watt) 1 230000

7 Solar PV Lantern 2 8000

8 Family size biogas plant 1 10000 (KVIC 2 Cum)

9 .. Biomass gasifier (3.7 KW) 1 50000

10 Improved chulhas 5 QOO (Portable/fixed) 2/3

219

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SANITATION PARKS

To supplement the grass root level training programmes being conducted

by Community Polytechnic under Rajlv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission it has

been decided to establish the sanitation parks In these Institutions. The Sanitation

park scheme has been formulated by UNICEF Madhya Pradesh. This comprises the

installation of the models of the devices as given below:·

For the current year UNICEF MP have already sanctioned the. funds as

detailed below:·

Govt. Women Polytechnic, Bhopal

Govt. Polytechnic Khandwa

Govt. Polytechnic Gwalior

Total

40000.00

40000.00

40000.00

120000.00

These parks shall be established on the lines of the park already installed at

Mahatma Gandhi State Institute of Rural Development Jabalpur M.P. in the above

institute in the first phase of target of covering all the 27 Community polytechnic in

the state. It is hoped that the above institute shall complete the installation of the

park by December 96.

These sanitation parks shall act as the centres of understanding the utility of

these devices in rural areas. In addition to the target group of trainees under Rajiv

Gandhi NatiOnal Drinking Water MisSion. these parks will also seNe the purpose of

creating awareness among citizen and specially the students of these institution in

catching them young for environmental awareness and its preseNation.

220

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SANITATION PARKS

SI. No. Unit Amount

A .' HOUSE HOLD UNITS

1) Pour flush water seal Latrine with two leaching pits(circular) 3300

" 2) Ferro-cement two leaching pit latrine (Complete with super structure) 3800

3) Cattle Manager for Two Cattle 0

3400

8 INSTITUTIONAL UNITS

.. 1) Washing/bathing platform cattle throug chamber and soakage pit at hand pump site 1600

2) School Latrine cum Urinal complex complete

super structure 7000

" -

C DEVELOPMENT OF SITE

Pavement"fencing and pannels grouting in a plot size of (20m x 20m) 16000

0 ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES ..

10% Administrative Expenses for AE/Sub

Engineer travel etc. 3510

E) ". TOTAL ESTIMATED COST 38610

SAY 39000

221

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SC & ST DOMINATED DISTRICTS OF MADHYA PRADESH

DOMINATED DISTRICTS

Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe

DiJ'ision District , Division Di.~trict

UJJAIN DEWAS INDORE DHAR

. SHAJAPUR _ JHABUA

MANDSOUR· KHARGONE

UJJAIN KHANDWA

GWALIOR GWALIOR UJJAIN RATLAM

SHIVPURI REWA SHAHDOL

GUNA SIDI

DATIA BHOPAL BETUL

CHAMBAL 0

MURAINA HOSANGABAD HOSHANGABAD

BHIND JABALPUR JABALPUR

REWA REWA CHHINDWARA . - SEONI SATNA

SAGAR SAGAR MANDLA

DAMOH BALAGHAT

PANNA BILASPUR BILASPUR

CHHATARPUR RAIGARH

TIKAMGARH SARGUJA

BHOPAL SEHORE RAIPUR RAIPUR

RAISEN DURG

RAJGARH RAJNANDGAON

VIDISHA BASTAR BASTAR . -JABALPUR NARSINGHPUR

222

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TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF GRAPHS

(FOR ENTERPRETATION OF GRAPH & ANALYTICAL STUDY ONLy)

The Graphs included In various chapter for Research has been derived from

the data collected from most of the Polyiechnlcs running the Community

Polyiechnic Scheme except the following Polyiechnics from where the data has not

been received proper form therefore has not been accepted for Graph drawing ;

Govt. Women Polytechnic, Jabalpur

Govt. Polytechnic, Shahdol

Govt:Polyiechnic, Gwalior

The Data has been listed in a chart form in the chapter with heading

SUPPORT DATA. The Data Is Year wise Opened Extension Centre's to date Status Wise

. that means in a row the population covered or village covered etc. are the to date

status of those extension centres which have been opened by that Community

Polyiechnic. in that particular year. The Graphs are actually derived from tech

yearwise totals of such columns (enclosed herewith as GRAPHICAL DATA).

Each graph has a heading of three basic categories ;-

Status Graphs ;- These graphs are straight forward graphs between any two

columns of GRAPHICAL DATA.

Incremental:- These graphs are Yearly Averaged Graphs i.e. the Y-axis values have

been divided from the Year-Span between that year till date.

Growth:- These Graphs are taken against year yvise cumulative total toshow the

yearwise growth ..

Each graphs has a graph number written at right top corner and its

description is serially given .

below :-

Each description is in the form of formula derived as

223

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The Formula ; - The graphical data chart Is In two parts. Part -A ( Showing

year wise Involvement of Institutions ) and Part - B ( showing the devilment of

community activities) Part - B has two charts numbered 1 & 2 Chart lis Year wise

total of SUPPORT DATA and chart 2 Is year wise cumulative total of chart I columns

of each chart have been named as X. A,B,C, ... "". and these names will be used

to denote the formula by which graph has been drawn.

For Example ;-

Part - B [1. X < .............. " .. > (lNl.B) 1

This means the graph is between 1.X column ( as X axis) and ( Chart l's A

column I Chart l'B column) value ( as Y axis ).

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The Formula : - The graphical data chart Is In two parts. Part -A ( Showln~

year wise Involvement of Institutions ) and Part - B ( showing the devilment 01

community activities) Part - B has two charts numbered 1 & 2 Chart I Is Year WiSE

total of SUPPORT DATA and chart 2 Is year wise cumulative total of chart I columm

of each chart have been named as X . A.B,C, ........ and these names will be usec

to denote the formula by which graph has been drawn.

For Example :-

Part - B [ 1. X < .................. > ( l.N1 . B ) 1

This means the graph is between 1.X column ( as X axis) and ( Chart l's A

column / Chart l'B column) value ( as Y axis ).

22~

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GRAPH (1): Formula used- GRAPH (15) : Formula used-

Part-A [X < ... :, .......... > A) Part-B [l.X < ......... >(1.C/l.A)/(1996.5-1)/l000)

GRAPH (2) : Formula used- GRAPH (16): Formula used- •

Part-A [X < ............... > B) Part-B [l.X < ............... > 1.0)

GRAPH (3) : Formula used- GRAPH (1.7) : Formula used-

Part-A [X < ............... > C) Part-B [l.X < ......... > (1.D/(l996.5-l.X))]

GRAPH (4) : Formula used- GRAPH (18) : Formula used-

Part-A [l.X < ................ >A, C) Part-B [2.X < ............... > 2.0)

GRAPH (5) : Formula used- GRAPH (19) : Formula ,used-

Part-B [l.X < ............... > LA) Part-B [l.X < ............... > l.DIl.A)

GRAPH (6) : Fo!mula used- GRAPH (20) : Formula used-

Part-B [2.X < ............... >2.A) Part-B [1'x < ......... >(l.D/(1996.5-1.X))]

GRAPH (7) : Formula used- GRAPH (21) : Formula used-

Part-B [l.X < ............... >1.B] ,

Part-B [2.X < ............... >2.D/2.A]

GRAPH (8) : Formula used- GRAPH (2'2) : Formula used-

Part-B [2.X < ............... > 2.B] Part-B [l.X < ............... >2.F]

GRAPH (9) : Fqrmula used- GRAPH (23) : Formula used-

Part-B [l.X < ............... > 1 . B/l.A] Part-B [l.X < ......... >(l.F/(l996.5-1.X))J

GRAPH (10) : Formula used- GRAPH (24) : Formula used-

Part-B [l.X < ......... >(l.B/l.A)/(1996.5-1'x)] Part-B [2'x < ............... >2.F]

GRAPH (11) : FOrmula used- GRAPH (25) : Formula used-

Part-B [2.X < ............... >2.B/2.A] Part-B [l.X < ......... > [1.F/l.AV[1996.5-1.X))]

GRAPH (12) : Formula used- GRAPH (26) : Formula used-

Part-B [l.X < ............... >C/l 000] Part-B [l.X < ............... >[l.F/l.D)*100]

GRAPH (13) : Formula used- GRAPH (27) : Formula used-

Part-B [2.X < ............... >2.C/l000] Part-B [1'x < ............... >([l.FIl.D)/ ....

GRAPH (1 4) : Formula used- (1996.5-1.X))*100)

Part-B [1 .X < ............... > 1.C/l.A/1000] GRAPH (28) : Formula used-

Part-B [2.X < ............... > ([2.F/ 2.0)*1 00)]

225

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YEAR'·

(X)

1978

1979

1984

1986

1991

1992

1993 1994 ..

1995

1996 -

GRAPHICAL DATA (PART-A) Yearwise Invovement of Institutions

INSTT POLY. NAME

(A) (B)

1 SANAWAD

1 KHURAI -

1 S.V. POLY. BHOPAL

5. SHAHDOL, NOWGOG, GWALlOR, .. DURG, KHANDWA

3 SEONI, DHAMTARI, HARDA

1 AMBIKAPUR

4 UJJAIN, DAMOH, JHABUA, JABALPUR

·6 SAGAR, JAGDALPUR, RAIPUR, W. POLY. BHOPAL, BURHANPUR, JABALPUR

T W. POLY. INDORE, ASHOKNAGAR

3 SHIRSADOH, BALAGHAT, RAIGARH -

226

TOTAL

(G)

1

2

3

8

11

12

16

22 24

27

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GRAPHICAL DATA (PART-B)

1 DEVELOPMENT STATUS/DEVELOPMENT YEARRWISE FOR OPENED COMM. POLIES THAT YEAR mil Date)

YEAR "

EXTN. VILLAGES POPULATION TRAINED SUPPORTS

(X) (A) (ll) (C) (D) (E)

1984 4 24 76889 2844 9

1986· 1 40 75680 822 0

1991 . 1 7 . 7271 82 6

1992 5 49 60693 1013 21

1993 4 41 63000 295 4

1994 16 128 214936 1853 45

1995 40 283 505206 2799 55

1996(Mid) 24 193 289872 1006 47

TOTAL 95 765 1293547. 10714 187

2 CUMULATIVE TOTALS OF 1. - .

YEAR EXTN. VILLAGES POPULATION TRAINED SUPPORTS

(X) (A) (ll) (C) (D) (E)

1984 4 24 768889 2844 9

1986 5 64 152569 3666 9

1991 6 71 159840 3748 15

1992 " 11 120 220533 4748 36

1993 15 164 283533 4761 40

1994 31 289 498469 5056 85

1995 71 572 1003675 6909 140 . .

1996(Mid) 95 765 1293547 10714 187

TOTAL 95 765 1293547 10714 187

227

PLACEDI

HELPED (FJ

178

0

-8

57

12

289

349

181

1074

PLACEDI

HELPED (FJ

178

178

186

243

255

544

893

1074

1074

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SUPPORT DATA

SI. YEAR

EXTN. VILLAGES POPULATION PERSONS PLACE-No. CENTRES COVERED COVERED TRAINED MENTS

1 WOMENS' POLY,BHOPAL

.1994 2 _ 12 14400 444 26 1995 1 3 650 10 17 1996 1 1 2000 0 0

2 WOMENS' POLY,INDORE

1995 1 7 49000 ·25 11

3 GOVERNMENT POLY , DURG

1994 2 18 29700 102 32 1995 2 12 11650 95 32 1996 2 8 32600 166 39

4 GOVERNMENTPOLY,HARDA

.1993 3 _ 40 55000 270 0 1995 1 9 35550 10 0

5 WOMENS' POLY, BURHANPUR

1994 1 14 14349 0 0

1995 1 4 32216 115 0 1996 1 7 16468 133 0

6 GOVERNMENT POLY, DAMOH ..

1994 2 16 5100 28 0 1995 4 38 14100 284 13 1996 3 23 9300 59 0

7 . GOVERNMENT POLY, DHAMTARI

1995 5 43 . 79369 210 29

8 WOMENS' POLY, SAGAR

1995 1 8 535000 450 68

228

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SI. YEAR EXTN. VILLAGES POPULATION PERSONS PLACE-

No. CENTRES COVERED COVERED TRAINED MENTS

9 WOMENS' POLY, RAIl'UR

1994 1 11 33083 500 0 1996 2 16 29930 51 0

10 GOVERNMENT POLY, SEONI

1991 1 7 7271 82 8 1992 3 21 31709 160 41 1994 . 4 . 25 46496 306 59 1995 5 30 36443 283 72 1996 1 7 12196 69 9

11 GOVERNMENT POLY, KHANDWA

1994 1 7 14104 30 3 1996 2 18 36300 70 0

12 GOVERNMENT POLY, SANAWAD

1994 1 1 2312 11 0 1995 4 28 70525 359 0

13 GOVERNMENT POLY, UJJAIN

.1994 1 9 . 10450 145 55 1995 1 8 26653 96 40 1996 2 14 21998 137 10

14 GOVERNMENT POLY, BALAGHAT

1996 1 15 51224 27 0

15 GOVERNMENT POLY, ASHOKNAGAR

1995 . 1 15 10787 28 0

16 GOVERNMENTPOLY,KHURAI

1984 1 10 7489 144 72

1992 1 18 9536 41 16 .1994 1 . 15 44942 227 114 1996 1 18 1685 0 0

229

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SI. YEAR EXTN. VILLAGES POPULATION PERSONS PLACE-

. No. . CENTRES COVERED COVERED TRAINED MENTS

17 GOVERNMENT POLY, BHOPAL

1984 3 14 69400 2700 106 1993 1 1 8000 25 12 1995 2 12 11300 88 45 1996 2 20 15850 67 112

18 GOVERNMENT POLY, JABALPUR

1995 2 29 29523 60 0

19 GOVERNMENT POLY, JHABUA

1996 2 20 24548 148 11 . -

20 GOVERNMENT POLY, AMHIKAPUR

1992 1 10 19448 812 0 1995 1 15 23540 244 17

21 WOMENS' POLY, JAGDALPUR

1995 4 22 20400 442 5 1996 2 6 8000 77 0

0

22 GOVERNMENT POLY, RAIGARH

1996 2 20 12600 0 0

23 GOVERNMENT POLY, NOWGONG

1996 1 40 75680 822 0 . -

24 GOVERNMENT POLY, KHIRSADOH 0

1996 0 0 0 0 0

A) The data offollowing polytechnic has not been received properly. there};,re not included. I. Govt. Womens Po(vteclmic • .Iahalpur

2. Gov!. PO(Vlechnic. Gwa/ior

3. Govl. Po{vteclmic. Shah dol.

13) The-data.regarding Year 1996 is uplo ye{lrmid on(v but implementaLion is in progres,\'o

230

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S"ECTION- 5

RURAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENERATION OF . EMPLOYMENT IN RURAL SECTOR

ESTABLISHMENT AND PROGRESS OF . COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SCHEME IN M. P.

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RURAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENERATION OF EMPLOYMENT IN RURAL SECTOR

All recent five year plans have laid greater emphasis· on the economic

development of rural areas through inputs of science and technology. This Is

analogous with the objective of C.P.·in the ninth five year plan still greater emphasis

has been focused on economic development and employment generation In

rural sector. ,

This rural technology based employment generation has to involve the

process of locally available material resources to be processed in small units, right

there, and to be consumed locally and otherwise. This would provide much

needed avenues for employment. specially in the non-farm sector. Various

technical institutions of higher studies and national laboratories have been turning

out such technologies over a very broad spectrum of industrial endeavour.

Quite a number of these technologies have a special significance for rural

sector, specially the non-farm sub-sector. The non-farm sub-sector has not helped

much by the green revolution, resulting in the poorest of the rural poor still

continuing to be in the state in this sub sector.

CPs have to play the needed role in the generation of employment in the

rural sector through rural technologies, as these institutions have the capability of

identifying the local needs for economic development. The identification of the

needs can be done through the institutional resources and various linkage with the

agencies working in the field.

The activities of the CP are carried out by the non formal methods to suit to

the appropriate methodologies required in the rural areas. The CPs have to playa

greater role during the ninth plan period which focuses mainly on the Integrated

development of rural sectors.

231

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Anottier Important areas of dctivity of the CPs will now be dissemination of

. Information on appropriate technOlogies for rural Industrialisation and creating

awareness among the poorest of the rural poor to use these technologies for

increasing their income level.

Therefore, an attempt Is being made to give the authentic list of the rural

technologies developed by the national laboratories. The detailed information and

the economics of these rural technologies are readily available at the various

establishments under council of scientific and industrial research, IITs, KYIC,

Technical universities, KYKs and Gandhi Gram rural university Madhural. Many of

these technologies have already been promulgated by CPs.

1 . FOOD AND AGRO-BASED TECHNOLOGIES

Cereals and Pulses

1. Improved huller systems for rice milling

2. Mini rice mill

3. Simple wheat mill

4. Mini maize mill

5. Mini grain mill

6. Mini dal mill

7. Pulse dehusking

8. Home scale oil expeller-cum-

paddy dehusker

9. Parboiling of paddy

10.Accelerated ageing of new paddy

11 . Rice barn stabilisation

12. Rice flakes

13. Jowar flakes

14. Papad making

,

15. Food for toddlers

16. Energy food

1 7, Multipurpose food

18. Paushtrik atta

1 9. Bakery products

20. Khakra

21. Ready mixes for sweets and savouries

22. Destoner for foodgrains

23. Ferrocement bins for grains storage

Fruits and Vegetables

1. Fruit toffees

2. Fruit bars

3. Fruit jams and jellies

4. Improved murabba making

5. Tutti-frutti

232

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6. Osmo-air dried fruits

7. Grape raising

B. Dry apricots

9. Dehydrated Vegetables·

1O.Anardana

11 . Pre-packaging of fruits and

vegetables

12. Wax emulsion for fruits and vegetables

13. Evaporative cool stores

14. Anti-fungal paste

15. Improved method for mango

reopening

16. Pickles and chutneys

17.lnstant pickles

lB. Potato flour

19. Potato chips

20. Potato wafers

21 . Mashrooms

22. Papain '.

23. Tomato products

Beverages

1. Liquid fruits

2. Fruit squashes and syrups

3. Ready-to-seNe fruit beverages

4. Comminuted orange beverage base

5. Pomegranate beverage

6. Amla beverage

7. Sugarcane beverage

B. Honey based beverage

9. Coffee concentrate

10. Lactic beverage

Spices and Plantation Crops

1. Dehydrated ginger

2. Bleached dry ginger

3. Ginger candy and preseNe

4. Turmeric-curing and polishing

5. Drying of red chillies

6. Garlic powder

7. Compounded asafoetida

8. Coriander dal

9. Tamarind powder

10. Spice Powders

11 . Saffron processing

12. Dry packing of green pepper

13. Dehydrated green pepper

Oi/seeds

1. Modern oil expeller

2. Dehulling of sunflower seeds

3. Sesame seed processing

4. Dehulling of muskmelon seeds

5. Walnut dehuiling. washing ana

packaging

6. Cecortication of cashewnuts

7. Mustard powder

B. Edible Soya flour

9. Desiccated coconut

10. Groundnut chikki

11 . Protein chewy candy

12. Detoxification of groundnut oil

13. Quick detection of butter yellow in mustard oil

233

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Additives and Improves

1. Natural vinegar

2. Baking powder

3. lodised salt

4. Spirulina algae as food

Poultry, Fish & Meat

1. Low cost preservation of eggs

2. Poultry dressing

3. Sausage casings

4. Meat gravy concentrate

5. Ham and bacon

6. Cattle and poultry feed

7. Cattle licks

8. Fish meal

9. Fish pickle

10. Convenience fish foods

11 . Insulated basket for fish transporta-

tion

12. Fresh water fish farmiing

13. Paddy-cum-shrimp culture

14. Sea cage culture

15. Mussel culture

16.Artemia culture

1 7. Rabbit farming

18. Quail farming

Infestation Control

1. Minifume tablets

2. Pest-proofing of jute bags

3. Herbal mosqUito repellent coil

4. Cockroach trap

Farming

1. Paddy thresher

2. Paddy thresher-cum-winnower

o

3. Microprocessor constolled drip

irrigation

4. Ferro cement irrigation-cum-

drainage channels

5. Field usuable soil salinity tester

6. Specific ion analyser

7. Biofertilizer

2. CULTIVATION AND PROCESSING OF ECONOMIC PLANS

Aromatic Plants 4. Jamrosa

1. lemongrass 5. Japanese mint

2. Java citronella 6. Peppermint

3. Palmarosa 7. Bergamot mint

23~

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8. Spearmint

9. Geranium

1O.Vitiver

11. Rose

12. Cloclmum

13. Ocimum canum

14.Celery

15. Cinnamon

16. Clarysage

1 7. Patchouli

18. Linaloe

19. Davana '.

2Q.Hops

21 . Lavender

22. Eucalyptus citriodora

23. Kewda

24. Distillation of essential oils

25. Menthol production

Medicinal Plan1s

1. Solanum Khasianum

2. Dioscoreq floribunda

3. Dioscorea composites

4. Periwinkle

5. Artemisia annua

6. Rutin bearing eucalyptus

7. Aswagandha

8. Ammlmagus

9. Pyrethrum

10. Egyptian henbane

11 . Crokwood

12. Opium poppy

13. Belladonna

14. German Chamomilla

15. Taxus baccata

16.Ergot

Other Economic Plan1s

1. Jojoba

2. Salvador Persia

3. Asparagus

4. Betel vine

5. Ornamental plants.

3. LEATHER AND ANIMAL-WASlE BASED lECHNOLOGIES

1. Tanning of hides and skins

2. Curing/preservation of hides and skins

3. Wet blue chrome processing

4. Carcass utilisation

5. Shark skin leather

6. Buff softie and upholstery leather.

7. Milled grain side leather

8. Sheep Napa leather

9. Upgradation of lower leather ends

1 0. Vegetable tanning extracts

11. Enzymatic dehairing of Skin

235

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12. Ensiled rumen contents as animal

feed.

13. Hydrolysed feather meal

1 4. Refining of used tannery salt

15. New shoe designs

16.lmproved machines and tools for

leather artisans

4. BUILDING MATERIALS, COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS

BUILDING MATERIAL

Bricks

1. Brick Moulding

2. Brick manufacture-semi-mechanised

3. Bricks from black cotton soil

4. Bricks from inferior red soils

5. Bricks from red murrum soil

6. Bricks from alumina red mud

7. Bricks from saline soils

8. Bricks from Coastal alluvial soils

9. Calcium silicate bricks

10. Fly ash-clay bricks

11 . Stabalized solid bricks/blocks

12. High draught brick kiln

13. Improved method of brick laying

Cement

1. Mini cement plont-VSK process

2. Mini cement plant-DDS process

3. Fly ash cement and light weight

aggregate

4. Sintered fly ash aggregate

5. Bloated clay light weight aggregate

Cementitious binders

1. Blended cements

2. Redmud cementitious binder

3. Hydraulic binder/pozzolana from

rise husk

4. Activated lime Pozzolana mixture

5. Rapid setting lime plaster

TIles

1. Clay roofing tiles

2. Clay flooring tiles

3. Clay glazed wall tiles

4. Vitreous unglazed tiles

5. Cinder flooring and facing tiles

6. Terrdcotta facing, flooring and

7. decorative tiles

8. Matt glazed flooring and facif)g

9. ceramic tiles

Composites/particle boards

1. Glass reinforced gypsum boards

2. Medium density fibre boards

236

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3. Paper encased gypsum boards

4. R-wood·.

5. Wood wool boards

6. Straw board

Other building materials

1 .. Lime

2. Hydrated lime

3. Plaster of Paris through gypsum

4. calcinator

5. Phosphor gypsum products

6. Solar timber seasoning kiln

BUILDING COMPONENTS

Pre cast Building Components

1. Lathoblock-:aterite soil blocks

2. Precast stone blocks

3. Solid concrete blocks

4. Hollow concrete blocks

5. Hollow, clay blocks - glazed and

unglazed.

6. Precast RC joints and planks

7. Precast waffle units

8. Precast'L' panels

9. Precast tbin RC lintels . 10. Precast ribbed slabs

1 1 . Precast concrete funicular shells for

roofs and floor

12. Precast brick funicular shells and roofs

13. Precast pretressed slab elements

for roofs and floor

14. Precast RCC JOints for roofs an

floors using filler blocks

15. Precast plate elements for ro01

and floors

16. Precast RCC channel units for roof

and floors

Roofing planks and sheets

1. Clay concrete roof planks

2. Sisal fibre-cement corrugatec

roofing sheets

3. Corrugated roofing sheets from

choir / woodwool and Portland

cement

4. FC roofing sheets

5. FC folded plate roofing units

6. FC segmental shell roof

Other building components

1. Frameless door & windows fixtures

2. Clay pipes

- 3. Ferro cement doors

4. Ferrocement cupboards

5. Ferrocement trusses and retters

6. Ferrocement meter boxed

7. Ferrocement manhole covers

SYSTEMS

Building systems

.J. Integrated thin wall and column

system

237

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2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

i.

Water quality testing kits 7. Storage

Field kit for iron analysis 8. Rainwater harvesting

Titrlmetric water analyser 9. FC, .water storage tanks

Rapid aqua tester 1 O. Water economy tap

Rapid bacteriological aqua tester

7. ENVIRONMENT AND SANITATION

Waste water disposal using brick

system

Waste water disposal using soakpit

system

Rural sanitation

Low cost latrines

Rotating biological rope contractor

Handi-flush water seal pit latrines

7. Ferro cement service core units

8. Ferrocement septic tanks

9. Clay sanitary ware

10. Sanitary ware in stoneware quality

11 . Vitreous sanitary ware

8. UPGRADATION OF ARTISANAL SKILLS

Floral craft 10. Sericulture- from leaf to cloth

Brass emtal craft 11 . Fur garments from sheep/rabbit skins

Bell metal Dokra craft 12. Ornamental fish rearing and

Fishing hook aquarium

Terracotta figurine, crockery and 13. Decoration of glass articles

novelty items 14. Greeting cards utilising seaweeds

Pottery craft 15. Mudha craft

Cycled potter's wheel 16. Improved material for plough share

'Queen' pottery kiln 17. Mini cupola pig iron furnace

Rope, sutli, ban making 18. Vocational trainings for rural youth

239

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9. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

1. Cups and plates from plant leaves

2. Crystal Glass articles

3. Bone chl(1a porcelain

4. Decorated black pottery

5. Stone ware crockery

6. Low thermal mass DD pottery kiln

7. Blackboard with synthetic surface

8. plastic slate

9. Paper slate

10. Low dust chalk

11 . Electronic display board

12. Multi fuel cookstoves

13. Coke cookstoves "

14. Ceramic-lined cookstoves

15.Samara wind pump

,16. liquid deodorant cleaner

17.Cashewnut shell liquid base

surface coatings

18.Activated carbon from coconut shell

19. Hand made imitation papers

20. Hand / machine made specialit

papers.

2~O

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ESTABLISHMENT AND PROGRESS OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SCHEME IN M. P.

The need of a strong organisation to provide technical guidance one

service for spreading knowledge of technology in about 5.89.174 villages in OL

country was experienced which could establish contact and develop humor

resource. They were expected to transfer technical knowledge and arrange villagE

development programme and to propagate other necessary informatior

regarding universal development. Specialist teachers of workshops and labs werE

taken to be most suitable for this work.

Polytechnic Colleges were estimated to be able to contact directly on rural

basis with Indian Institute of Technology. Regional Engineering College. National • Laboratory and National Health and Agriculture Research Centre. Because only

with this mission the reasons of inside the lab.'could be brought to the common

man.

As a result education department (HRD) Gov!. of India in 1978-79 established

this project in 36 PolytechniC Institute including 2 in M. P. (Khurai & Sanawad). The

objective was clear that on the basis of science and technology rural development

centres are to be developed for unified rural development on following grounds.

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES:

1. Socio-economic survey and planning

2. Transfer of technology

3. Development and training of manpower

241

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4. To organise consultancy and seNice camps for providing technical

guidance

5. Public health and live stock development and enriderment.

6. Comr:nunication system. for bilateral information for universal

development.

With the financial aid of HRD Govt. of India, Directorate Technical Education

and Technical Teachers Training Institute Western Region Shyamla Hills Bopal

provide guidance and directories to the polytechnic institutes. They send their

monthly progress report along with expense details to HRD Govt. of India and ml for

continuos control. and co-ordination and valuation.

C. P. in M. P. was started in 1978-79 in Khwai and Sandward and by seeing

its beyond Eixpecting results at present 27 C. P. are working in the state.

After independence since last 5 decades regular work in this field are on.

Central and State Govt. with the help of different departments have started

employment, economy, agro based live stock and health oriented protects.

It is compulsory that community development project should be co

ordinative, adaptive psychological view is granted amount common mass. Proper

link between different departments and bank· should be maintained so that

duplicating error to be avoided for enrichment of C. P. Scheme should work within

its 6 spheres on the following priorities basis.

1. To provide information and technical consultancy to rural youth for self

employment.

2. To train skilled semi-skilled and mechanic category according to regional

needs.

2~2

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3. To provide technical knowledge to rural Industries for more and qualit-

production.

4. To provide logical knowledge for progressive rurallndustrlallst.

5. To solye various problems of jJoor villagers.

6. Proper arrangement of health environment residential drinking water ane

emergency services.

7. To attract human and youth towards main stream of development.

8. To provide self reliable programmes for destitute.

9. To provide financial assistance to the needed person.

10. For effective implication co-ordination between various administrative

departments and social organisations is extremely needed.

THE CONDITION AND DIRECTION OF COMMUNITY PROJECT.

The main point of this project is focused on maximum utilization of available

polytechnic resources. The basic idea is to utilize modern implements and the

capabilities of technical teachers in the field of rural development. In addition to

this spreading out of acquired knowledge among the villages by the students is yet

another resourceful achievement. because this will influence the psychology of

rural students and it can be exploited for constructive purpose.

On the basis of above theoretical idea and its implementation rural

developmer:1t project work call be enhanced easily by present polytechnic

institute. At present the associated official of the project apart from their general

duty are trying to achieve their pre-determined goals under the direction of Central

and State Govt. In this complete integrated work plan the following hindrance are

being faced for which effective and implacable solution is necessary for pre

determined results.

243

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HINDRANCE AND SOLUTIONS:

This complete work must be done with full dedication and honesty in view of

according to convenience of villagers. By part time service or behaviour of

traditional Govt. employees makes achievement narrow. Villagers should be

purified mentally and be made progressive which can achieved by continuous

effort .At this stage effect of village supremo and NGOs Is extremely effective and

compulsory.

Actual development is impossible without removal of illiteracy and technical

knowledge. Apart from govt. efforts-the condensation of rural ideology should be

removed. This point is not attended properly for which development has become

stagant.

Since last ten years 20% to 25% area is under effect this slow ratio is to be

increased at rapid speed so that the eritire district may be turned to working field ..

For this more resources and full time effort is necessary. Student participation should

be invited activities of NSS should be turned to this point.

It has been observed that qualified unemployed youth has no attraction in

rural level training and they are interested in govt. job only. In the process of waiting .

for Govt. job, they waste a huge part of their time, they turn out from their traditional

family business for no use.

A large part of youth force has been cut-off from the main stream of

development which is not a good indication. All efforts should be made to

recollect them to mainstream. Otherwise unsatisfied youth force may turn unsocial

which would be another big problem in rural society.

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~ Suitable scholarship provisions should be made to attract unemployed rural

youth so that the burden of livelihood can be minimised.

~ Youth who have got self employment training should be directed skillfully so that

when they com e in market they will not face despair and uncompetatlve.

~ Suitable loan and other financial schemes are necessary for self-employment

without which SES is mere dream. In present condition to obtain loan Is a difficult

process.·lt is to be simplified.

,. Marketing of the products of· self-employed youth should be considered

primai\rily because they should be aquanted with the up raising competition

and price hikes. They also face problems to bring their products to markt and for

rural development this problem is to be solved.

~ Physical health engineering should be implemented In full because lack of

clean drinking water and proper sanitation has embarked the entire rural society

in the cover of diseases.

~ Smokeless chulha soak pit flush toilet Gobar Gas Plant implements of solar

energy is still not a common practice inspite of financial aid from Government.

These technology is for away from rural practices for which determined action

plan is to be made.

>- A nation develops from families and family develops from person. It is therefore

necessary that within limited capacity maximum production can be given. Lack

. of finance and knowledge should not prove as barriers.

>- Villagers should get consultancy in Agriculture Industry marketing and banking so

that villagers can be forbidden from often tours to city to get these facilities.

>- Villages should have minimum work plan for the days of flood and famine so

that losses can be minimized.

2~5

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;;. Progressive projects should be developed on rural level In which modern

technique and Implements should be demonstrated timely so that do­

ordination between knowledge and technique could be maintained.

;;. Community Project and other Government project has made develop and

development in such a way that the weight of data of data are more than the

efforts of solving practical problems. For Ex. Providing loan and financial aid is a

general practice under which vill,?gers use to think benefited by misuse of funds.

Efforts should be made in such a way that such mentality should be

discouraged.

Inspite of all efforts the immigration of villagers towards city could not be

stopped effectively as a result pressure is increasing on city and city life is

becoming miserable. Although villages are vanishing inspite of all facilities.

Therefore villages are to be developed with modern facilities so that city attraction

could be minimized.

The officials and workers associated with government projects are like machines

in which sympathy dedication and honesty is not found to required degree.

The basic concept of community polytechnic is to make this country of 70% rural

man, well equipped with the philosophy of new education, scientific and technical

knowledge to stage on the world level competitions. This target has been assigned

to the community development programme. At present the polytechnics are trying

hard for the technical purification. Inspite of limited resources, community

development is undertaken along with education curriculum which is noteworthy in

this field. The results of last ten years in this regard is not discouraging. At present the

progress rate is very slow but it is not impossible to increase the ratio by rectifying

the errors and short comings.

2~6

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Through the means of community development project-un preventablE

diseases. personal hygine awareness& mental development works can be madE

possible. Mass development Projects can also be targetted to prevent accidente

tragedies. and its remedy and this project can also care for overall development 0

men.

Now it has become compulsory to join the rural youth energy (age 18 to 3E

years) to the mainstream of National Development by removal of hipprocracy ane

rural tendencies otherwise highly qualified rural youth will waste much of thei,

energy and time in searching out for 'white collar jobs.' They not only pass away a

huge part of. their time but also cu(off from their traditional parental business and

by depression they become part of un-social man indulged in anti-development

activities. Urban sectors are in flow of this tendency but rural sector can be saved

and only by this means the real development of person. family. society and nation

can be possible.

20

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S"ECTION- 6

o

SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNIC IN MADHYA PRADESH

FACTS, FINDINGS, SHORTCOMINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS

CONCLUSTION

REFERENCES

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SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS IN MADHYA PRADESH

FACTS, FINDINGS, SHORTCOMMINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS & CONCLUSION

Since" 1978, Community PolYtechnics are acting as an effective changE

agent in increasing productivity, generating employability and improving quality 01

life of rural masses contributions of varying degree due to factors like leadership,

resources, organisational climate etc.

The scheme was appraised by Kalbag Committee in 1987. The

recommendations of committee were accepted by the government. The massive

world bank aid for improvement of technician education in India has a component

. foe strengthening the community polytechnic scheme.

There".are some direct output and some indirect out comes on the rural

masses because of rural development activities done by community polytechniC in

M.P. In the study the opinions of actual implementers of Scheme, Villagers,

beneficiaries and past trainees regarding achievements claimed by community

polytechnic were taken the study also reveal few salient work in the way of case

study.

The study will serve as an information document to all concerned so that

suitable measures to modify, alter or renew in planning can be made by them. This

study is aiming at studying significant out comes of community polytechniC in M.P.

and highlighling the meaningful services or contributions given by them.

248

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FACTS, FINDINGS

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

1. To assesS'.the significant outputs of community polytechnic in the fields of

Socio-economic technological survey

Manpower development training

Transfer of Technology

Technical Support Service

Community Support Service

2. To assess the significant outcomes because of community polytechnic

activities.

3. To undertake few case study of salient work done by community polytechnics

4. To study the status of beneficiaries.

DELIMITATION:

The study was delimited in the area because of paucity of time and financial

resources. Four community polytechnic of M. P. were selected, they are :

1. Government Community Polytechnic, Khurai

2. Government Community PolytechniC, Durg

3. Government Community Polytechnic, Seoni

4. Government Community Polytechnic, Sanawad

METHODOLOGY:

Selection of Community Polytechnics:

The Polytechnics were selected for the study based on the following criteria:

1. Geographical Location

2. Minimum of 5 years working

3. Co-operation from Principal and Faculty

4. Easilyapproochable

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Source of Data:

1, Principals/Project Co-ordinator

2, Project officers/Asstt, Project Officers

3, Villagers/Beneficiaries

4, Annual Progress report of last five years

5, Past Trainees

6, Faculty engaged in community Polytechnic works in the past,

Instruments :

Questionnaire, Structured InteNiew Schedule, and Unstructured InteNiews

were used 9s tools for collecting -information, These are development by the

researcher Under the guidance of the guide,

Selection of Sample :

The sample was including:

A Principals

B, Project Officers

C, AP,O,

D, Faculty previously

E, Past Trainees

F, Villagers/Beneficiaries

All of the Community Polytechnic under study •

All of the Community Polytechnic under study

All of the Community Polytechnic under study

All of the Community Polytechnic under study engaged •

12 .Trainees from each Community Polytechnic under study

12 Villagers from 3 village of each Community Polytechnic under study

Collection of Data from office records :

. Annual Progress report from the year 1990-91 to 1994-95 were taken

from each community Polytechnic under study,

250

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Selection of Solient activities for case studies.

Researcher visited the Community Polytechnic under study discussed win

Principals and Project Officers to Identify few significant activities for case studies.

The activities selected are :

Bullock Driven Agriculture implement by Govt. Community Polytechnic,

Khurai.

Popularisation of improved potters wheel by Govt. Community

Polytechnic, Durg.

Mahila silai udyog, Kutharel by Govt. Community Polytechnic, Durg ..

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

CONCLUSION:

The main findings from the study with reference to objectives set are as

follows:

I. On an average 1 0 survey per year were conducted by each Community

Polytechnic.

2. All the four Community Polytechnic studied have analysed the data and

assessed the need of villagers. They bave planned activities like training in

new trades and repair cum service centre etc.

3. On an average 248 trainees per year were trained by each Community

Polytechnic.

4. 91.5% respondents expressed that the level of training was good and they

were satisfied with their level of skills gained.

5. 75.5% respondents reported that self employment level was good I.e. 50-

75% got self/wage employment.

251

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6. On an average 103 numbers of technology items were transferred by eacl

community polytechnic,

7. Smokeless Chulha activity was very popular amongst all the polytechnic:

under study, 48% of total number of technologies transferred were smokeles:

chulhas,

8. Community Polytechnic, Khurai had stressed more In transferring ferre

Cement Products, where as Community Polytechnic Sanawad had stressed

more on Smokeless Chulhas,

9. On an average 11 number of technical seNices per year were rendered by

each Community Polytechnic.

10. 46.5% of total number of seNices given was repair and maintenance of

electric motor pump sets,

II. 67% respondents expressed that the level of work in giving technical

guidance was good,

12. On a~ average 12 number of Community SeNices per year were conducted

by each Community Polytechnic.

13. Arranging medical camp was the most popular activity amongst all

Community Polytechnic. On an average Two camps per year were

organised by each community polytechnic.

14. 58.5% respondents reported that level of impact of publicity/awareness

activity was good,

15. 55% respondents reported that level of impact of health and hygiene

seNices was good,

16. 59% Villagers expressed that due to training in different trades about 50%

trained rural youth either got self employment or wage employment.

17. 60% Villagers expressed that they got economic benefits due to seNice

centre activity.

18. 75% Villagers expressed change in their lie style due to smokeless chulha.

Low cost latrine and technical guidance,

252

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19. 77% Past trainees expressed that after training, their income raised to the

level of RS. 500- 1000 per month which was previously less than 500 RS. Per

month.

20. 70% Past trainees expressed that training helped them in establishment of

self employment venture. Most of the trainees started enterprise from their

own finance.

21. 72.5% faculty respondents reported 26% to 50% rise In the Income of

beneficiaries.

22. 66% Past trainees respondents expressed improvement in their social status

after getting training.

23. 65.5% faculty respondents expressed that level of awareness of technical

skill in trainees was good.

24. Community Polytechnic, Khu'rai had developed very good designs which

were tested constantly by many agencies and farmers. After getting feed

back most of the drawback were removed. These designs have a good

marketability.

25. Community Polytechnic, Durg made a well planned exercise to popularise

new pottery wheel and kiln in their area. New development on the field of

pottery were introduced to the potters. There is substantial rise in the income

of potters due to adopting new methods in pottery profession.

26. Community Polytechnic, Durg had tried to establish a women enterprise of

readymade garments production. They are providing all sort of support to

get this production unit self sufficient. Women co-operative society is working

well with a team spirit. There is' a substantial rise in their income.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

The outcomes of Community Polytechnic in different areas were quite

encouraging but some improvement can yield feels about the Community

Polytechnic activities which are given below:

253

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I. Involvement of faculty / Staff of Polytechnic in Community Developmer

Projects is found below 25% which should be Increased and all the facult

and staff should involved. This will facilitate more manpower available for thl

activities.

2. The level of economic gain of trainees can be increased by Imparting then

multi.skills. As they do not get sufficient work round the year in one skill area.

3. Community Polytechnic should provide more help to trainees in gettln~

finance and setting up of enterprise.

4. Community Polytechnic should give,stress on Promotion of rural industries a:

this wH.1 facilitate employment·generation in rural areas.

5. Women trainees are taking training in tailoring only. Few more womer

friendly trades like weaving, Knitting handicrafts, food processing etc. Shoulc

be introduced.

6. Promotion of improved bUllock driven agriculture implements should be

taken up by polytechnics as improved implements have yet not reached

the Villages.

7. Service centre activity should be strengthened by each community

Polytechnic at their door steps on nominal rent.

25~

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GENERAL OPINION OF BENEFICIARIES.

Though Community Development Project introduced for the people who are

below poverty line as well as the age group people of 1 8 years to avail the

opportunity. Moreover this project can also give opportunity to other categories.

I. Rural beneficiaries have fully accepted without any hesitation.

• Rural development means gradual development of socio-economic and

standard of living. 0

• Update information about technology should be made available to rural

public so that they can able to improve the business dealing and general

behaviour.

• To eradicate unemployment and to improve self development rural public

must be trained with short term job oriented training.

• Women folk of educated and having interest to develop self employment for

which Govt. should also take care of them simultaneously.

2. From time to time rural public should be provided information centre with full

equipment like radio T.V. so that they can easily understand the information

and act accordingly.

3. To make successful of community development in the villages and this will

help to eradicate unemployment problem. If not all trades covered atleast

the following trades are very much essential.

• Training in pump repairing

• Domestic electric equipment repair

• Agriculture equipment repair .

• Welding

• T.V. - Radio repair

255

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4. Community development project officers use to survey to foam an opinion

over the present situation and avo 110 bile resources. They will also note down

the required aspect before starting any project work.

5. Community development project can also elevate the opportunity for

women folk to make best service in the trades like Knitting & Stitching, Papad

Udyog, Washing Powder & Soap making, Agrabathl making and spices

(Masala), The above items normally required in day to day life. This will heop

the women folk to improve the financial condition and need not seen any

emplOyment.

6. In general we need not 'under estimate the women folk who are

experienced and served to their families and giving co-operation every time

at home as well as at their own business.

7. There is no considerable improvement in villages due to their illiteracy. They

could not come upto the level of making dire necessities of life like Roti,

Kapda our Makan (food, clothing & shelter). That's why they are lacking in

making any further improvement and development.

8. In toto community project can be make successful in all respect provided the following are made available

• Free of cost traing

• Loan facility

• Employment exchange

• Marketing facilities

• 92%

84%

80%

48%

It has become common tendency and opinion of rural public that there are

lot of opportunities made available in cities this is only region why villages are

gradually making more towards urban areas for their betterment. Although they

can also remain happily and peacefully in the villages by making all domestic

needs by taking help from community development project officer from time to

time.

256

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SURVEY OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

(PROGRAMMES IN RURAL AREAS BY POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE IN DURG DISTRICT.)

Approximately about more than one decode what benefits were achieved

by the beneficiaries of above ,development prorammes and what amendments . . are to be made for better and effective implementation? To evaluate these

factors I have prepared two questionnaires to have a sUNey on beneficiaries

Surpanch, Panch and officers related to these project. So that the reality can be

focused.

Both the questionnaires were provided to the articles and were collected

back at the "time of inteNiew. Its analysis is as follows:

1 . Opinion survey of rural beneficiaries and portfolios :

1. Surpanch

2. Youth

3. Ladies

1. Principal

2. Project Officer

3. Asstt. Project Officer

4. Field Supervisor

6. Instructors

02

02

01

06

01

01

01

01

01

.------------------06

----.--------------

257

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SURVEY QUESTIONNERE AND ANSWERS

1, What do you mean by rural development,

a, Only economic welfare

b, Increase in physical resources

c, Economic social commercial & lifestyle development

0%

0%

100%

2, The communal welfare can be developed only with awareness of technical

knowledge of rural level.

a, No 0%

b, Yes 100%

3, Is it possible to eradicate unemployment by providing employment oriented

trainings,

a, No

b, Yes

4, What is the effect of technology in Jiving standard,

4%

96%

a, Increase in personal health hygine 0%

b, Knowledge of machines & commercial benefits of its use - 24%

c, Overall personality developm_ent' 76%

5, Which are the five training essentials to provide employment in rural areas for

the youth,

a, Welding training 60%

b, Pump repair training 68%

c. Auto repairing 16%

d. Motor winding 32%

258

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e, Domestic electrical equipment repairing 68%

f, Tractor repairing 48% \ g~ Carpentery 52%

h, Messon 0 40%

1. Plumber 00%

j, Screen printing 24%

k, T.V, & Radio Mechanism 40%

I. Repair of agricultural equipment 52%

6, What efforts are necessary to make these projects successful and effective

a, Thorough training

b, Free training ~"

c, Loan facility

d. Employment facility

e, Free supply of implements & tools

f, Marketing facility

g, Any other

7, Is it necessary to provide employment training to women,

a, No

b, Yes

28%

92%

84%

80%

32%

48%

00%

0%

100%

8, Which type of employment oriented training should be given to women,

a, Papad industry 80%

b, Detergent industry 60%

c, Stitching & Knitting industry 100%

d, Agarbathi Industry 52%

e, Matches Industry 12%

f, Typing Training 12%

g, Screen Printing 32%

25q

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h. Domestic Cottage Industry

i. Masala Industry

I· Wax Candle Industry

k. Pencil Manufacturing

I. Cosmetic Industry

m. Mashroom Culture

n. Handicraft & Pottery

9. What are the reasons of slow increase of welfare programmes

a. Problem of food, cloth & shelter

b. Lack of proper education & training

c. Lack of financial aids

d. Other reasons

10. Among rural and urban life which is more better? and why?

a. In favour of rural life

b. In favour of urban life

12%

28%

04%

04%

04%

04%

08%

48%

52%

56%

00%

62.5%

37.5%

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Page 159: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.inshodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/49112/11/11_chapter 4.pdf · S'ECTION - 4 GROWTH IN THE INVOLVEMENT OF POLYTECHNICS IN COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS

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