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  • 393

    Coordinating Lead Authors:Ian Burton (Canada), O. Pauline Dube (Botswana)

    Lead Authors:Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum (Switzerland), Ian Davis (UK), Richard J.T. Klein (Sweden),Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer (USA), Apurva Sanghi (USA), Ferenc Toth (Austria)

    Review Editors:Joy Jacqueline Pereira (Malaysia), Linda Sygna (Norway)

    Contributing Authors:Neil Adger (UK), Thea Dickinson (Canada), Kris Ebi (USA), Md. Tarik ul Islam (Canada / Bangladesh),Clarisse Kehler Siebert (Sweden)

    This chapter should be cited as:

    Burton, I., O.P. Dube, D. Campbell-Lendrum, I. Davis, R.J.T. Klein, J. Linnerooth-Bayer, A. Sanghi, and F. Toth, 2012: Managing

    the risks: international level and integration across scales. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to

    Advance Climate Change Adaptation [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea,

    K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA,

    pp. 393-435.

    7Managing the Risks:International Level andIntegration across Scales

  • Managing the Risks: International Level and Integration across Scales

    394

    Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................396

    7.1. The International Level of Risk Management..........................................................................3987.1.1. Context and Background..................................................................................................................................................3987.1.2. Related Questions and Chapter Structure .......................................................................................................................398

    7.2. Rationale for International Action ...........................................................................................3987.2.1. Systemic Risks and International Security.......................................................................................................................3997.2.2. Economic Efficiency..........................................................................................................................................................3997.2.3. Shared Responsibility.......................................................................................................................................................4007.2.4. Subsidiarity ......................................................................................................................................................................4017.2.5. Legal Obligations .............................................................................................................................................................4017.2.5.1. Scope of International Law, Managing Risks, and Adaptation .........................................................................................................4017.2.5.2. International Conventions ................................................................................................................................................................4027.2.5.3. Customary Law and Soft Law Principles...........................................................................................................................................4027.2.5.4. Non-Legally Binding Instruments......................................................................................................................................................402

    7.3. Current International Governance and Institutions.................................................................4037.3.1. The Hyogo Framework for Action ....................................................................................................................................4037.3.1.1. Evolution and Description.................................................................................................................................................................4037.3.1.2. Status of Implementation .................................................................................................................................................................4047.3.2. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change....................................................................................4067.3.2.1. Evolution and Description.................................................................................................................................................................4067.3.2.2. Status of Implementation .................................................................................................................................................................4067.3.3. Current Actors ..................................................................................................................................................................4087.3.3.1. International Coordination in Linking Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation ...............................................4087.3.3.2. International Technical and Operational Support..............................................................................................................................4097.3.3.3. International Finance Institutions and Donors..................................................................................................................................410

    7.4. Options, Constraints, and Opportunities for Disaster Risk Managementand Climate Change Adaptation at the International Level....................................................411

    7.4.1. International Law.............................................................................................................................................................4117.4.1.1. Limits and Constraints of International Law.....................................................................................................................................4117.4.1.2. Opportunities for the Application of International Law ....................................................................................................................4127.4.2. International Finance .......................................................................................................................................................4127.4.3. Technology Transfer and Cooperation..............................................................................................................................4147.4.3.1. Technology and Climate Change Adaptation....................................................................................................................................4147.4.3.2. Technologies for Extreme Events ......................................................................................................................................................4167.4.3.3. Financing Technology Transfer ..........................................................................................................................................................4177.4.4. Risk Sharing and Transfer.................................................................................................................................................4187.4.4.1. International Risk Sharing and Transfer ............................................................................................................................................4187.4.4.2. International Risk-Sharing and Transfer Mechanisms .......................................................................................................................4187.4.4.3. Value Added by International Interventions .....................................................................................................................................4207.4.5. Knowledge Acquisition, Management, and Dissemination .............................................................................................4217.4.5.1. Knowledge Acquisition .....................................................................................................................................................................4217.4.5.2. Knowledge Organization, Sharing, and Dissemination .....................................................................................................................422

    Chapter 7

    Table of Contents

  • 395

    7.5. Considerations for Future Policy and Research .......................................................................425

    7.6. Integration across Scales .........................................................................................................4267.6.1. The Status of Integration.................................................................................................................................................4267.6.2. Integration at a Spatial Scale ..........................................................................................................................................4277.6.3. Integration at a Temporal Scale.......................................................................................................................................4277.6.4. Integration at a Functional Scale.....................................................................................................................................4277.6.5. Toward More Integration .................................................................................................................................................427

    References .......................

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