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A general understanding of information ws2012-13

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Presentation used in the first lectures of the course in English "A General Understanding of Information" at the Hochschule München, Germany (WS 2012-13).
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  • Philosophy: Philosphy of Information Fakultt 13, Hochschule Mnchen, Wintersemester 2012-2013 Information: Brcke zwischenJos Mara Daz Nafra (Universidad de Len, Spain) 4. Mrz 2011 Informationsphilosophie. Information und urbanes Systeme 1
  • A General Understanding of Information 1. Groundings [Monday-Tuesday] a) The information age and the language of information (historical perspective) b) The Frame of the Mathematical Theory of Communication c) Semantic information 2. Information throughout the ladder of complexity [W.-Th.] a) Physical information b) Biological Information c) Human information (life-world, cultural-world) 3. General Theories of Information [Th.-Fr.] a) Broadening the mathematical information concept (complexity theory) b) Situation theory c) Information in a nutshell: GTI, UTISS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 2
  • The origins of the information concept Latin and Greek roots Material information case (Hefestos) Observation case (Subject) Speaking or Instructional case (communication) Platos Forms Otherworldliness Digital communication model Aristotles Inductions Form (actuality) and Matter (potentiality) The individuality of real things. Particular form: essences General essences: being of species that can be inductively graspedSS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 3
  • Bibliographic tips FLORIDI, L. (2010). Information. A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DAZ NAFRA, J.M. (2011). Messages in an open universe. in Capurro, R. and Holgate (eds.). Messages and messangers. Angeletics as an approach to the phenomenology of of communication. Munich: W.Fink, 195-229. DIAZ NAFRIA (2011): Information, a multidimensional reality, in Curras and Lloret. Nuria LLORET(2011). Systems Science and Collaborative Information Systems. Hershey PA, USA: IGI Global HOFKIRCHNER, W. (2010). Twenty Questions About a Unified Theory of Information. Arizona: Emergent publications. LYRE, Holger (2002). Informationstheorie. Eine philosophisch- naturwissenschftliche Einfhrung. Munich: W.Fink Verlag. BURGIN, M. (2010). Theory of Information. Fundamentality, Diversity and Unification. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 4
  • Bibliographic tips DAZ NAFRIA, J.M., et al. (Koord.) (2010). Glossarium BITri: glossary of Concepts, metaphors, theories and problems concerning information. Len: Universidad de Len [online http://glossarium.bitrum.unileon.es/glossary, http://wp.me/pzKNC-66] DAZ NAFRA, J.M. (2010). Information: a multidimensional concern. TripleC, 8(1), 77-108 [online http://triple- c.at/index.php/tripleC/article/view/76/168]. DAZ NAFRA and SALTO (2009). What is information? An interdisciplinary approach. Special issue TripleC, 7(2) [online http://wp.me/pzKNC-2G].SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 5
  • Invitation to Complementary ActivitySocial networks:from indignation to change(ethical, political and aesthetical aspects)21-23.09.2012 in Len, SpainCooperation:Universidad de Len HM UTI RG MUSACWith: Prof. R.E. Zimmermann (HM) Prof. J.M. Daz Nafra (ULE) Prof. P. Fleissner (TUW), et al.Certificate of assistance, Credits: 1 ECTS, No evaluationSS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 6
  • I. Groundings (the development of the information understanding)0. Towards a general understanding of information1. Development of the information concept: Plato, Aristotle, Middle Ages, Modernity, (technique and physics)2. General understanding of Information3. Mathematical Theory of Communication4. Algorithmic Theory of Information5. Information in the sciencesSS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 7
  • 0. Towards a General Understanding of Information In the Information Era we should be able to understand what really information means (Comparison to the Iron Era, iron vs cupper) The Nature of information is not solved Information can be considered as something mediating between Objects and Subjects To this end, a general understanding of O. & S. is also needed.SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 8
  • I.0 Information concept (tangible) Information Time t1 t2 t3 Object: In opposition to the Subject Subject of the change of the changeSS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 9
  • (0) Information concept (immaterial) Time Information t1 t2 t3 Object: In opposition to the subject of Subject of the change the change (awareness) (in the awareness)SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 10
  • (0) Clarifying Form: a particular configuration/Gestalt produced in the subject. Subject: System which can adopt potential changes Object: what remains stable (in front of the subject) causing the changes in the subject ~ Model Time: Run of the procedure (i.e. change of the subject) O. vs S.: In strict sense, both sides change during the process (O. & S. are only relative regarding the corresponding change)SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 11
  • (1) Evolution of the information concept (a) Plato vs. AristotlePlato (idealistic tradition) Form is what exists in the first place and it is out of the world, otherworldliness (a-spatial, a-temporal). Forms are participated by appearances (phenomena) and souls. By these means the observer can really recognize the forms. The innate ideas must be awaken (the observer recognizes what already was in his soul). The observer returns to the truth, slept within himself.SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 12
  • Plato: World of forms Form Appearance I Ideas Observer Decontextualizing: Die existing Forms belong to the otherworldliness (a- spatial, a-temporal)SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 13
  • Plato and Signal Theory From the viewpoint of the modern signal theory (Digital Transmission): Ideal of transparence Si Si Compared with Si {S1, S2, SN} {S1, S2, SN} NoiseSS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 14
  • (b) Aristotle Form: embrace the essential properties of a thing Matter: embrace the potential changes Every thing has its own form, its own essence, which correspond to its being. The reality of a thing relates to its details, its differences (dish in Plato and Aristotle) There is a general being, which corresponds to the being of the species. One can inductively recognize them by observation.SS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 15
  • (c) Information concept (Middle ages)Augustine of Hippona: Credo ut intellego Truth Revelation Requirement: God Noiseless Belief channelsAnselm: Fidens quarens intellectum endeavor towards understandingAquinas: Reality is understandableHermeneutic: Activity of Interpretation, Imagination-AbilitySS 2012 A General Understanding of Information 16
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