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A Guide to Prayer in Islam - · PDF file A GUIDE TO PRAYER IN ISLAM * * Researched and Edited...

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  • ENGLISH - 103

    A GUIDE TO

    PRAYER IN ISLAM

    M. Abdul Karim Saqib

    The Co-operative Office for Csll & to.eigne.s Guidance at Sullrnah Under lhe suoeftsron 0llvinistrv 0l sam c Alla $ and Endowmenland Cal and Gu dance Te 4240C// F 4251005P0 80x926i5Riyadh11663EnE Sul [email protected] com

    ENGLISH - 103

    AGUIDETO

    PRAYER IN ISLAM

    M. Abdul Karim Saqib

    The Co-operative Office for Call & foreigners Guidance at Sultanah Under the supervisIOn 0 I Ministry 01 Islam ic AHai rs and Endowment and Cal I and Gu idance Tel 4240077 Fax 4251005 POBox 92675 Riyadh 11663 E-mail [email protected] com

  • * i f ! f i l i

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    IN THE NAI}IE OF ALIJ\H TIIE MERCIFI,'L THE COMPASSIONAIE

    IN'IHE NAME OF ALLAH 11IE MERCIFUL 'IHE COMPASSIONATE

  • $iJl ;Ii4 LL.c

    A GII]I]Dtr TO

    ililPilIRA\YililEffiR ms nsn,aMt

    fi|. tbdul Karin fagib

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    A GUIJD)E TO

    IN ISJLAM

    M. ~lJdul KfJrim SoqilJ

  • GUIDE TO PRAYER

    r i l rsLAM

    Renearched and Edited by:

    Mohammed Abdul Karim Saqib.

    Translated by:

    ljaz Begum Saqib.

    A GUIDE TO PRAYER

    IN ISLAM

    *

    *

    Researched and Edited by:

    Mohammed Abdul Karim Saqib.

    Translated by:

    Ijaz Begum Saqib.

  • FOREWORD

    There are many books dealing with the Subiect of Salat in both Arabic and Urdu. Many of these books are lvell written and provide an informative and comprehensive view of how Salat should be performed according to the teach- ings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Unfonunately( there are very few books in English which deal with the subject in the same informative and comprehensive way.The books, which do exist, have three main disadvantages.

    First ly, l i terature concerning Salat avai lable in English is either so brief that it does not cover essential points in nearly enough detai l , or i t is so bulky and detai led that i t becomes difficult to use it for quick reference, and es- sential points may get lost in the unnece$sary detail.

    Secondly, the text of the Salat lacks the quali ty of direct research from the zunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). There are also books which contain material with- out any reference to the original sources.

    Thirdly, the majority of books have been written accord- ing to the views held by certain schools of thought and for this reason some people hesitate to follow them.

    Because of these weaknesses in existing literature in English we felt that the need existed to prgduce a medium sized book on Salat which would approach the subject according io the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The Prophet, himself, said,

    "Pray as you have seen me praying."

    Such a book needs.to contain al l the essential detai ls of Salat without being too bulky or complicated so that the reader can use it as a point oJ reference on a journey or at home.

    f t was also felt that a comprehensive book on Salat in English would be useful for converts to lslam and for Muslim youth brought up in this country. Keeping in

    FOREWORD

    There are many books dealing with the Subject of Salat in both Arabic and Urdu. Many of these books are well written and provide an informative and comprehensive view of how Salat should be performed according to the teach- ings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Unfortunately~. there are very few books in English which deal with the subject in the same informative and comprehensive way. The books, which do exist, have three main disadvantages.

    Firstly, literature concerning Salat available in English is either so brief that it does not cover essential points in nearly enough detail, or it is so bulky and detailed that it becomes difficult to use it for quick reference, and es~ sential points may get lost in the unnecessary detail.

    Secondly, the text of the Salat lacks the quality of direct research from the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). There are also books which contain material with- out any reference to the original sources.

    Thirdly, the majority of books have been written accord- ing to the views held by certain schools of thought and for this reason some people hesitate to follow them.

    Because of these weaknesses in existing literature in English we felt that the need existed to prpduce a medium sized book on Salat which would approach the subject according to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The Prophet, himself, said,

    "Pray as you have seen me praying."

    Such a book needs to contain all the essential details of Salat without being 'too bulky or complicated so that the reader can use it as a point 01 reference on a journey or at home.

    It was also fE~lt that a comprehensive book on Salat in English would be useful for converts to Islam and for Muslim youth brought up in this country. Keeping in

    5

  • mind the needs of our brothers and sisters every effort has been made to produce this book in simple and easy language.

    During our research we sometimes found that differences occurred between established practices in various prayer books. In these circumstances we referred to authentic hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), so that the points could be clarified as much as possible. This was, because, for a true Muslim there is no greater proof for settling arguments than authentic hadiths and practices of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

    We hope that Allah will accept this humble attempt be- cause without his support and help we would never have been abfe to do this work.

    Finally we ask all our Muslim brothers and sisters to study the text and to strive to pray according to it. lf anyone finds anything unacceptable or to be against the sunnah of the Prophet (SAW) we would be grateful if they worrld inform us.

    Muhammad Abdul Karim Saqib

    6

    mind the needs of our brothers and sisters every effort has been made to produce this book in simple and easy language.

    During our research we sometimes found that differences occurred between established practices in various prayer books. In these circumstances we referred to authentic hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), so that the points could be clarified as much as possible. This was, because, for a true Muslim there is no greater proof for settling arguments than authentic hadiths and practices of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

    We hope that Allah will accept this humble attempt be- cause without his support and help we would never have been able to do this work.

    Finally we ask all our Muslim brothers and sisters to study the text and to strive to pray according to it. If anyone finds anything unacceptable or to be against the sunnah of the Prophet (SAW) we would be grateful if they wo!!ld inform us.

    Muhammad Abdul Karim Saqib

    6

  • c0ilrEilrs

    Foreword Notes Chapter One

    Before doing Wudu (Ablution) Tooth Stick (Siwak) Niyat for Wuflu (Ablution) Actions of wudu (Ablution) Special facilities in Ab.ution. Du'i[ at the end of Ablution Tayammum

    Chapter Two Time of $alat (Prayer) Forbidden Times for PraYer Place for $alat (PraYer) Dress for $alat (Prayer) Types of $alat (Prayer) Far{ or ObligatoryPraPr Nafl Prayer Sunnat Mu'akkadah (conPulsory) Nafl (extra) PraYer Number of Rakats

    Chapter Three Story of Aian The Muai2in Text of the Aian Aian for Fajr Listening to the Aian Danidafter the A2an Du'ii after the Aian lqamat Text of Iqamat

    Pages

    . . . . . t2

    . . . . . t2

    . . . . . I 2 J2

    . . . . . r2 , . . . . . I 3 . . . . . I 3

    . . . . . I 6 , . . . . . t 7 . . . . . l 8

    . . . . . . . . l 8 . . . . . I 9 . . . . . I 9 . . . , . l 9 , . . . . .20

    5 t0

    l 4 r6

    20 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26

    CONTENTS

    Foreword Notes Chapter One

    Before doing Wuqu (Ablution) Tooth Stick (Siwak) Niyat for Wuc;lu (Ablution) Actions of wudu (Ablution) Special facilities in Ab.ution. Du'a at the end of Ablution Tayammum

    Chapter Two Time of ~alat (Prayer) Forbidden Times for Player Place for ~alat (Prayer) Dress for ~alat (Prayer) Types of $alat (Prayer) FarQ or Obligatory Pra}er Nafl Prayer Sunnat Mu'akkadah (canpulsory) Nafl (extra) Prayer Number of Rakats

    Chapter Three Story of Azan The Muazzin Text of the Aian Azan for Fajr Listening to the AZan Dariidafter the Azan Du"a after the Azan lqamat Text of Iqamat

    7

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