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Acts 1-18 Intergenerational Seminary New Testament Session #1.

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  • Slide 1
  • Acts 1-18 Intergenerational Seminary New Testament Session #1
  • Slide 2
  • Basics of the New Testament (review)
  • Slide 3
  • How did the NT come about? Took a while Early Christians were very eschatological First form was letters (fit with eschatology): Pauline I Thess, Gal, Philemon, Phil, I/II Corin, Romans By the mid-60s the first generation had mostly died, so letters took on a more enduring tone (Deutero-Pauline) II Thess: dont focus too much on the Second Coming Colossians/Ephesians: talks about the Church I/II Timothy, Titus discuss bishops, priests, & deacons
  • Slide 4
  • How did the NT come about? Also the Catholic/General Epistles (directed to the worldwide church) I/II Peter James Jude I/II/III John
  • Slide 5
  • How did the NT come about? The Gospels Mark (~70 CE): his readers were not Palestinian Jews of Jesus lifetime, but Gentiles who were unfamiliar with Jewish customs Emphasis on suffering and the Cross may reflect Marks personal experience Matthew/Luke (~20 years later): used Q Fourth Gospel (~90-100 CE)
  • Slide 6
  • How did the NT come about? Other books Acts By the same author as Luke One narrative, moving the story of Christianity beyond Jerusalem to Samaria and beyond
  • Slide 7
  • Why those books in the NT? Apostolic origin Gospels attributed to apostles (Matthew, John) or apostolic men (Mark, Luke) Letters supposedly written by Paul, Peter, James Debates Revelation almost didnt make it in when Dionysius (250 CE) proved John didnt write it Hebrews only made it in when it was thought to have been written by Paul Not always sufficient Gospel of Peter rejected based on its theology
  • Slide 8
  • Other criteria Importance of the addressed Christian communities Antioch in Syria: Matthew Asia Minor and Greece: Pauline and Johannine writings Rome: Romans Conformity with the rule of faith Gospel of Peter rejected because of its Docetism
  • Slide 9
  • Evolving NT canon Pauline letters 100 CE: 10 letters (not Pastorals or Hebrews) 200 CE: 13 letters (not Hebrews) 300 CE: 14 letters Gospels Likely each early community only knew of one of the gospels No record before 150 CE of more than one gospel being read in any specific church By late 4 th century there was widespread acceptance of the 27 books
  • Slide 10
  • MarkMatthew/Luke-ActsJohn Chronology of Pauls letters 5060708090100 1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians Philippians Philemon 1 & 2 Corinthians Romans Galatians Colossians Ephesians 1/2 Timothy Titus
  • Slide 11
  • Luke-Acts Originally one book Luke: addressed to Theophilus (1:1-4) Acts: In the first book, Theophilus, I wrote about al that Jesus did and taught. (1:1) Two main characters Peter (chapters 1-12) Paul (chapters 13-28)
  • Slide 12
  • Language: Disciples and Apostles In general, an apostle (from the Greek word for messenger) is a person who received a mission directly from God or Jesus The twelve Jesus chose Saul/Paul Some inferior disciples who, under the direction of the Apostles, preached the Gospel, or contributed to its diffusion Barnabas (Acts 14:4, 14) Andronicus and Junias (Romans 16:7) Epaphroditus (Phil., ii, 25) Two unknown Christians who were delegated for the collection in Corinth (2 Corinthians 7:23) A disciple (from the Latin word for pupil) is any follower of Jesus.
  • Slide 13
  • Beginning of Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1 Jesus appears for 40 days, then ascends to heaven Matthias chosen to replace Judas Chapter 2: Pentecost Jewish feast celebrated 50 days after Passover Commemorates giving of the Law at Sinai (when Israel was called to be Gods own people) Peter summarizes the Gospel to the amazed onlookers Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven. (2:38)
  • Slide 14
  • Peter and John preach the gospel to the Jews in Jerusalem Chapter 3 Peter heals a cripple and preaches in Solomons portico Chapters 4-5 Peter and John brought before the Council By what power or by what name did you do this? (4:7) The Council orders Peter and John not to speak or teach at all in the name of Jesus Peter and John refuse, and are released The apostles give thanks and share everything Except Ananias and Sapphira, who died (5:1-11)
  • Slide 15
  • Apostles continue to heal and preach After healing many (including those who simply fell in Peters shadow), the apostles are jailed An angel lets them out of prison, and they continue to preach The Council wants to execute them, but Gamaliel (Pauls teacher) says not to If they preach a false gospel, it will fail But if it is of God, you will not be able to overthrow them. (5:39) Apostles are flogged and released Debate among Hellenists (Greek-speaking Jews) and Hebrews about equitable distribution of food Seven leaders chosen
  • Slide 16
  • Stephen, the first martyr After preaching and doing great wonders and signs, Stephen is arrested on the false testimony of others in the synagogue We have heard him say that this Jesus of Nazareth will destroy this place and will change the customs that Moses handed to us. High priest: Are these things so? Stephen Recounts salvation history from Abraham on down, noting how all the prophets had been persecuted (Joseph, Moses, etc.) You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you are forever opposing the Holy Spirit, just as you ancestors used to do. Stephen is stoned (7:54-60)
  • Slide 17
  • First mention of Saul Approved of Stephens execution and led a sustained persecution of the disciples, scattering all but the apostles Philip went to Samaria, where many (including Simon the magician and the Ethiopian eunuch) believed and were baptized Peter and John then went to Samaria and laid hands on the converts
  • Slide 18
  • Israel (Northern Kingdom) and Judah (Southern Kingdom)
  • Slide 19
  • Conversion of Paul (Acts 9) On the road to Damascus Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? Who are you, Lord? I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. But get up and enter the city, and you will be told what you are to do. The Lord brings Saul and Ananias together Saul preaches the Gospel in the synagogues in Damascus, and then returns to Jerusalem Attempts to join the disciples, but they fear him Barnabas learns of a plot against Sauls life, and so sends him to Tarsus
  • Slide 20
  • Sauls initial travels
  • Slide 21
  • Peters continuing ministry Heals Aeneas, bedridden for 8 years (9:32-35) Raises Tabitha from the dead (9:36-43) Begins ministry to the Gentiles Vision on the roof (10:9-16) Meeting Cornelius, the Roman centurion I truly understand that God shows no partiality, but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him. (10:35) Defends his ministry to the Church at Jerusalem (11:1-18)
  • Slide 22
  • Antioch Gospel had spread there after disciples dispersed following Stephens death Church at Jerusalem sent Barnabas there to encourage them Barnabas went to Tarsus to get Saul Saul and Barnabas spent a year with the church in Antioch Believers first called Christians there
  • Slide 23
  • Herod (Acts 12) This is Herod Agrippa I, grandson of Herod the Great Killed James, the brother of John, and imprisoned Peter Peter released by an angel Herod dies because he did not give glory to God
  • Slide 24
  • Pauls First Missionary Journey
  • Slide 25
  • Pauls First Journey
  • Slide 26
  • Barnabas and Saul (Paul) commissioned by church in Antioch Cyprus: confrontation with Bar-Jesus, a magician and false prophet Bar-Jesus blinded Proconsul (Sergius Paulus) converted Pisidian Antioch Many Jews converted Explicit proclamation of mission to the Gentiles (13:47)
  • Slide 27
  • Pauls First Journey (contd): Galatia Iconium Unbelieving Jews stirred up dissent among Gentiles Paul and Barnabas flee upon fear of stoning Lystra and Derbe Paul and Barnabas perform miracles, but the people think theyre Zeus and Hermes Jews from Antioch and Iconium come and stir up dissent, and Paul is stoned Return to Antioch
  • Slide 28
  • Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15) Issue of Gentile Christians not resolved in Acts 11 Back then it was a few Gentiles joining a large number of Jews But here its the question of large, entirely Gentile churches Peter and James agree to accept uncircumcised Gentiles What argument is missing? Some rules: abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, and from what is strangled; and from incestuous relationships But what of Galatians 2?
  • Slide 29
  • Pauls Second Missionary Journey
  • Slide 30
  • Slide 31
  • Pauls 2 nd Missionary Journey Timothy joins Paul and Silas (who has replaced Barnabas), and is circumcised Philippi: very dear to Pauls heart Conversion of Lydia Paul and Silas thrown in prison, freed by earthquake, but dont flee (so as to save the jailer and his family) Thessalonica Many converts, but Jews stirred up dissent Even chased Paul and Silas to Beroea
  • Slide 32
  • Pauls 2 nd Missionary Journey (contd) Athens, speaking on Mars Hill (Areopagus) Acknowledges the peoples thirst for God Quotes secular poets (Epimenides, Aratus) Tells them Jesus is the answer theyve always been looking for Corinth Origin of tentmaker Came to focus exclusively on the Gentiles Stayed there for 18 months Wrote 1 Thessalonians
  • Slide 33
  • To Read for Next Week Review Acts 15 (Council of Jerusalem) Acts 18:16-32 (Paul in Athens) 1 Thessalonians Earliest writing in the New Testament A Greek community (notice that Paul doesnt refer to explicitly Jewish issues) Galatians Notice the difference in tone Compare Galatians 2 with Acts 15
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