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Adjective Morphosyntax

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  • 8/19/2019 Adjective Morphosyntax

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    The Word Formation Of English Adjectives Trhough Derivation

    A. The Formation of English Adjectives with the Suffix –al 1 !rutal

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[brute]N + [-al]suf#]Adj= [brutal ]/ / ̍bru .ːt ə l/

    &honologicall# $ule

    Meaning : cruel, vi lent and c !"letel $it% ut feelings

    &'a!"le : (e %ad "resided ver a brutal regi!e in $%ic% t% usands f "e "le %ad )disa""eared).

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n

    ' (onversational "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[c nversati n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj ) [c nversati nal ] / 0̩ n.v1ɒ s̍e .ɪ ʃ ən. əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[c nversati n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : relating t r li0e a c nversati n

    &'a!"le : a c nversati nal st le f $riting

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 2

    * Educational

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[educati n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj ) [educati nal]/ / e̩d.jʊ 0̍e .ɪ ʃ ən. ə l/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[educati n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : "r viding educati n r relating t educati n

    &'a!"le : 3educing t%e si4e f classes !a i!"r ve educati nal standards.

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 56

    + ,overnmental

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    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[g vern!ent]N + [-al]suf#]Adj ) [g vern!ental]/ g̩ v.ʌ ə! ̍m en.t əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[g vern!ent]N + [-al]suf#]Adj Meaning : bel nging r relating t g vern!ent r t%e g vern!ent

    &'a!"le : 7e a$ait a g vern!ental decisi n ab ut t%e future f t%e "r gra!!e.

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 2

    - .nstitutional

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[instituti n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj ) [instituti nal]/ /ˌ nɪ t .st ɪ̍ tju .ː ʃ ən. əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[instituti n]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : relating t an instituti n

    &'a!"le : 8%e % s"ital "r vides t "icall a$ful instituti nal f d

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6

    / (ritical

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[critic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj= [clinical]/ / 0̍r t. .0ɪ ɪ əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[critic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : sa ing t%at s !e ne r s !et%ing is bad r $r ng

    &'a!"le : 8%e re" rt is highl# critical of safet standards at t%e fact r

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 9

    0 (linical

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

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    *[#[clinic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj=[critical]/ 0̍l n. .0ɪ ɪ əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[clinic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj Meaning : describes !edical $ r0 r teac%ing t%at relates t t%e e'a!inati n and treat!ent f ill

    "e "le

    &'a!"le : clinical tests/training

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n

    2ogical

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[l gic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj ) [l gical]/ /ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[l gic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : a l gical c% ice/c nclusi n

    &'a!"le : tudents need t%e abilit t c nstruct a l gical argu!ent.

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd

    editi n 6 2

    3 4usical

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[!usic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj=[!usical]/ / !̍ju .ː4 .0ɪ əl/

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[!usic]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : related t r c nnected $it% !usic

    &'a!"le : !usical instruments

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6;2

    15 Original

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

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    *[#[ rigin]N + [-al]suf#]Adj

    &honologicall# $ule

    / /ǝ : [/1)r d in/]N + [-al]suf#]Adjɪ ʒ

    3-6 /i/ > / / ǝ : [1)r d 1n/]N + [-al]suf#]Adjɪ ʒ?ut"ut : [ riginal/ 1)r d 1nl/]ɪ ʒ

    Meaning : e'isting since t%e beginning, r being t%e earliest f r! f s !et%ing

    &'a!"le : @s t%is t%e riginal fire"lace

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 9

    B. The Formation of English Adjectives with the Suffix6a7le1 (ounta7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[c unt] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [c untable]/ / 0̍a n.t1.bl/ʊ

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[c unt] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : a c untable n un can be used $it% )a) r )an) and can be !ade "lural

    &'a!"le : An e'a!"le f a c untable n un is )table), and an e'a!"le f an unc untable n un is )! ne ).

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 22

    ' Detacha7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[detac%] + [-able]suf#]Adj=[detac%able] /dɪˈtætʃ.ɪ.bl /

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[detac%] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : able t be detac%ed

    &'a!"le : a detac%able c llar/% d

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    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6

    * Eata7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[eat] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [eatable] / ˈ

    i ː

    .t1.bl /

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[eat] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : describes f d t%at is g d en ug% t eat, t% ug% n t e'cellent

    &'a!"le : t%e a""le in t%e refrigerat r is eatable

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 5

    + Enjo#a7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[enj ] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [enj able]/ /ɪnˈdʒɔɪ.ə.bl /

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[enj ] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : An enj able event r e'"erience gives u "leasure

    &'a!"le : a ver enj able ga!e/fil!

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 5

    - Forgiva7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[f rgive] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [f rgivable] /fəˈgɪv.ə.bl /

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[f rgive] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : describes s !et%ing t%at u are able t f rgive because u understand it

    &'a!"le : a f rgivable !ista0e

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n

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    / 2i8ea7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[li0e] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [li0eable] / l̍a .01.bl /ɪ /

    &honologicall# $ule *[#[li0e] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : describes a "ers n $% is "leasant and eas t li0e

    &'a!"le : (e)s a ver li0eable s rt f bl 0e

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6

    0 2oc8a7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[l c0] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [l c0able]/ / l̍ 0.1.bl /ɒ

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[l c0] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : t%at can be l c0ed

    &'a!"le : All ur suitcases are l c0able B= can be l c0edC

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6 2

    Taxa7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[ta'] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [ta'able] / t̍D0.s1.bl /

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[ta'] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : @f s !et%ing is ta'able, u !ust "a ta' n it

    &'a!"le : ta'able income

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 5

    3 4anagea7le

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    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[!anage] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [!anageable] / !̍Dn. .d 1.bl /ɪ ʒ

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[!anage] + [-able]suf#]Adj Meaning : eas r " ssible t deal $it%

    &'a!"le : 8%e $ r0 %as been divided int s!aller, ! re !anageable secti ns.

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6E

    15 4ar8eta7le

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    *[#[!ar0et] + [-able]suf#]Adj ) [!ar0etable] / !̍ ɑ .ː0 .t1.bl /ɪ

    &honologicall# $ule

    *[#[!ar0et] + [-able]suf#]Adj

    Meaning : Mar0etable "r ducts r s0ills are eas t sell because a l t f "e "le $ant t%e!

    &'a!"le : 8%is is a %ig%l !ar0etable "r duct.

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 6E2

    ( The Formation of English Adjectives with the suffix –ary 1 &arliamentar#

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    [#["arlia!ent]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj= ["arlia!entar ] / ̩"ɑ .ːlɪ̍ !en.t ər.i/

    &honologicall# $ule

    [#["arlia!ent]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj

    Meaning : f r relating t a "arlia!ent

    &'a!"le : a parliamentary candidate/debate/election/session parliamentary procedures/rules

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n 2

    ' !udgetar#

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    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    [#[budget]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj=[budgetar ] / ̍b d . .tri/ʌ ʒ ɪ

    &honologicall# $ule

    [#[budget]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj Meaning : budgetar c nstraints

    &'a!"le : ! car is budgetar t be s ld

    urce : a!bridge Advanced learner s dicti nar rd editi n

    * &lanetar#

    "nderl#ing $e%resentation

    [#["lanet]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj=["lanetar ] /ˈplæn.ɪ.tər.i/

    &honologicall# $ule

    [#["lanet]n + [-ar ]suf#]adj

    Meaning : relating t "lanets

    &'a!"le : "lanet

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