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An Introduction to Elder Abuse for Professionals: Physical Abuse NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation:...

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  • Slide 1
  • An Introduction to Elder Abuse for Professionals: Physical Abuse NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov1
  • Slide 2
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  • Slide 3
  • Learning Objectives At the end of this training, you will be able to: Define and describe physical abuse Identify indicators of physical abuse Identify strategies to respond to possible physical abuse situations 3NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 4
  • Case Example Maria, an 87-year-old woman who is paralyzed, lives in a nursing home. Her family installs a video camera in her bedroom. Video shows her being repeatedly hit by a nursing home employee who says: Lady, why dont you die? 4NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 5
  • Case Example (cont.) Chris, the grandson of an elderly man, George, demanded money. When George refused, Chris strangled him until a neighbor yelled that she had called police. 5NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 6
  • Physical Abuse The use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment (National Center on Elder Abuse) 6NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 7
  • Consider adding state, tribal, or territorial statutes relating to physical abuse here. These may be found in criminal law, protective services, or other statutes. Consider discussing reporting laws in the Response Section (slide 25). NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov7
  • Slide 8
  • Physical Abuse Can Include 8NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov Hitting, slapping, pushing, shaking, kicking, or burning Inappropriately using drugs or physical restraints Force feeding Physical punishment Homicide or homicide/suicide Strangulation and suffocation
  • Slide 9
  • Strangulation and Suffocation Strangulation: Closure of the blood vessels and air passages due to external pressure on the neck. Suffocation: Obstruction of air passage by pressure on the chest, pinching of nostrils, pillow or plastic bag over nose and mouth. Both may be hard to detect and report may be minimized. May be part of domestic violence and sexual assault May not result in visible injuries, even if fatal attack 9NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 10
  • Strangulation Injuries May leave no bruises or marks When injuries are present they may include: Neck pain Soreness Scratch marks Petechiae (tiny red spots or dots from capillaries bursting from pressure) above the area where pressure was applied Raspy throat Difficulty swallowing Redness in the eyes Light headedness and faintness Ligature marks (when ligatures are used). 10NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 11
  • Strangulation Injuries (cont.) These are some of the signs that strangulation has occurred: Petechiae: Pinpoint, round spots that appear on the skin as a result of bleeding under the skin. Commonly cluster or rash NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov11
  • Slide 12
  • Homicide and Homicide-Suicide Homicides of older adults may be overlooked or considered natural Homicide-suicide is more common in the elderly than in younger populations. Most frequently committed by male intimate partners using a firearm High incidence of mental health problems, especially depression, which are often undiagnosed Approximately 25-30% are domestic violence (Cohen and Malphurs, 2001) 12NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 13
  • Indicators: Victim Bruises, lacerations, open wounds, cuts, punctures, burn marks Sprains, dislocations, broken bones Internal injuries/bleeding Patterned injuries Physical signs of being restrained or strangled 13NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 14
  • Patterned Injury NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov14
  • Slide 15
  • Bruising and Elder Abuse Older victims had significantly larger bruises Older victims generally knew the cause of their bruises Older victims were significantly more likely to have bruises on the face upper arms torso Bruises cannot be aged by their color (UC Irvine, 2009) 15NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 16
  • Bruising and Elder Abuse (cont.) Does the story fit the physical evidence? Size? Shape? Location? Multiple? NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov16
  • Slide 17
  • Indicators: Potential Victim Untreated injuries in various stages of healing Delayed seeking of medical care Laboratory findings of medication overdose or under utilization Changes in speaking, swallowing, or breathing with a report of strangulation An elder's report of being hit, slapped, kicked, or mistreated 17NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 18
  • Indicators: Environment Overturned furniture, holes in walls Broken items Presence of items that match injury pattern Weapons present Bindings and restraints Medications prescribed for older adult are missing, empty, or unfilled 18NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 19
  • 19NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 20
  • Victim Safety All responses and interventions must consider and prioritize victim safety. NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov20
  • Slide 21
  • What You Can Do Recognize the signs of Physical Abuse Ask Report or refer 21NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 22
  • If The Older Adult Can Answer Questions, Consider Asking: Are you afraid? Worried? Is anyone hurting you or frightening you? Is anyone threatening or intimidating you? Are you taking all your medications as prescribed? How do the medications make you feel? *Ask privately, in an area where you will not be overheard 22NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 23
  • If The Older Adult Can Answer Questions, Consider Asking (cont.): Has anyone done something to you that caused you pain or discomfort? I noticed the bruises on your arm. Can you tell me what happened? Have you seen your doctor or received medical care? *Ask privately in an area where you will not be overheard 23NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 24
  • Report - Refer REPORT 911 or law enforcement (life threatening or possible crime) Adult protective services Licensing board (if abuse occurs in a facility) REFER Domestic violence or sexual assault organization Aging network agency Ombudsman (if abuse is in a facility) 24NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov
  • Slide 25
  • Consider inserting slides describing the local jurisdictions elder abuse/ vulnerable adult reporting law NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov25
  • Slide 26
  • Consider adding local resources and programs. (See A Guide to Planning Your Elder Abuse Presentation at ***** for more information.) NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov26
  • Slide 27
  • Additional Resources 27NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Physical Abuse www.ncea.aoa.gov National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA) National Adult Protective Services Resource Center (NAPSRC) National Adult Protective Services Resource Center (NAPSRC) National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-SAFE National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL) National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL) The National Consumer Voice for Quality Long-Term Care The National Consumer Voice for Quality Long-Term Care National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center
  • Slide 28
  • For more information, visit us! ncea.aoa.gov Also on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube centeronelderabuse.org Also on Facebook, YouTube NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Abuse in Later Life www.ncea.aoa.gov28
  • Slide 29
  • For additional resources, visit www.ncea.aoa.gov This slide set was created for the National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life for the National Center on Elder Abuse and is supported in part by a grant (No. 90AB0002/01) from the Administration on Aging, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Grantees carrying out projects under government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Therefore, points of view or opinions do not necessarily represent official Administration on Aging or DHHS policy. NCEA Elder Abuse Presentation: Abuse in Later Life www.ncea.aoa.gov29

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