Home >Documents >“Peatland Monitoring” for Peatland Restoration · 2018. 4. 3. · • Central Kalimantan,...

“Peatland Monitoring” for Peatland Restoration · 2018. 4. 3. · • Central Kalimantan,...

Date post:07-Sep-2020
Category:
View:5 times
Download:0 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • “Peatland Monitoring” for Peatland Restoration

    Prof. Mitsuru Osaki:Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido UniversityPresident of Japanese Peatland Society

  • Collaborated among Hokkaido University-JICA- Indonesia Institutions

  • • Central Kalimantan, Indonesia• Peatland area in Mega Rice Project site

    Various Study Topics:・GHG Flux (CO2, CH4, N2O) measuring・Fire Detection and Protection・Water Table Monitoring and Management・Peatland Ecology・Soluble Carbon Monitoring・Peatland Subsidence Monitoring

    UDF

    DFBC

    Main Project Sites・JSPS Core University Program (1997-2006): Environmental Conservation and Land Use Management of Wetland Ecosystem in Southeast Asia・JST-JICA Project (SATREPS) (2008-2014): Wild Fire and Carbon Management in Peat-Forest in Indonesia・JICA Project as follow-up of SATREPS (2015-2016): Formulation of a Manual and Trial Calculation of GHG Emission from Peatland in Central Kalimantan

    CO2 observation towers at

    UDF:(Un-drained Peat)

    DF:(Drained Peat )

    BC:(Burnet Peat)

    Mega Rice Project of Peatland in Central Kalimantan, Indoneshia

  • ©18/01/ 2016

    Tropical Peatland Ecosystems

    Editors: Osaki, Mitsuru, Tsuji, Nobuyuki (Eds.)

    Parts: 9Chapters: 41Pages: 651Authors: 160

  • G id b k f C b E i i f T i l P tl d i I d i | 1

    GUIDEBOOK FOR ESTIM ATIN G CARBO N EM ISSIO N S FRO M

    TROPICAL PEATLAN DS IN IN DON ESIA

    Pedoman Pendugaan Emisi Karbon dari Gambut Tropis di Indonesia |

    1

    PAN DUAN PEN DUGAAN EM ISI KARBO N DARI LAHAN

    GAM BUT TROPIS D I IN DON ESIA

  • Data Collection

    Peatland Maps Field MeasurementsRemote Sensing Data Set

    Data Analysis

    Relationship between annual lowest GWL and carbon emissions from peat burning

    Carbon Emission Model from Peat Decomposition

    Carbon Emission Model from Peat Burning

    Annual Carbon Emissions from Peat Burning

    Annual CO2 Emissions from Peat Decomposition

    Groundwater Level (GWL)  Burnt AreaLand Cover 

    Relationships between CO2 balance (NEE) and annual lowest GWL

    Manual of Tropical Peatland Management

  • InformaticsSystem

    600km

    300km

    300m

    Atmosphere (Weather)

    Big satellite(HISUI, PALSA,

    GOSAT)

    SESAME

    SESAME with sensor network

    ZigBee

    Sensors

    Micro satellite(Hyper-spectral)

    Drone(Hyper-spectral)

    Monitoring

    Data libraryMega data analysis

    Sensing

    Bio-sphere

    Geo-sphere Aqua-sphere

  • Key Concept on Future Collaboration

  • -Decline of CDEFs security-Low goal marks of Paris Agreement @ COP21 & SDGs-Decline of Sustainable National Economy

    Dry-peatlandIn case of Oil Palm

    Natural Peatland as Natural Capital-High Carbon Reservoir-High Water Reservoir

    -High Biomass Productivity-High (Bio)diversity

    -Enhancement of CDEFs security-High goal marks of Paris Agreement @ COP21 & SDGs-Enhancement of Sustainable National Economy

    Wet-peatlandIn case of Sago Palm

    Drain/Low water table (Re-)Wetting/High water table

    -Climate Change security: Mitigation as Carbon Emission Reduction & Adaptation as High Biomass Production (enough water) against El Niño-(bio)Diversity security: High biodiversity by mix-planting and nature-conservation around peat dome-Energy security: Biomass energy from sago starch and residuals, and other biomass materials in Sago based Ecosystem-Food/Feed security: Sago starch for food and feed (animal husbandry and fish culture)-social security: PES and CSR&CSV by several Credit (REDD+, JCM) and Foundation (GCF, CIFOR-Japan, FAO, so on)

    National Strategy for CDEFs Securities asSago based Ecosystem

  • Sago based- Peatland [email protected]

    SEI TOHOR VILLAGE, MERANTI DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE

    Ideal Sago Production

    1) Semi-natural Conditions*High Water Table*Mixed Forest *Production of 100 sago stand/ha/year

    2) High Starch Production300kg starch/ sago stand, then 30ton starch /ha/year (more than 10 time of rice)

    3) High Biomass Productivity1 ton biomass/one sago stand, then 100 ton biomass/ ha/year

  • Sago based- Peatland [email protected]

    SEI TOHOR VILLAGE, MERANTI DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE

    Sago Characteristics1) Submerge Tolerance2) N2 Fixing 3) Low P4) Na Tolerance (saline tolerance)5) Acid Soil Tolerance6) Perennial Crop

  • Sago Palm

    Pith LeafBark

    Fuel Roof Material

    Starch

    Food Ethanol

    Methanol/H2

    Fuel cell

    Heat*

    House

    Electricity*

    Branch + Leaf

    Factory

    Field

    Biochar + Compost

    Electricity

    *Co-generationCar & Pumping

    Biochar

    Pure waterWaste

    Feed(animal &

    fish)

    Biomaterial

    Whole Usage of Biomass in “Sago based Ecosystem”

    Nypa Palm & Mixed Forest

    Biomass

  • Satoyama Model on Sago based‐ Peatland Restoration

    1

    5 42

    37 6

    Farmer’s

    House

    “Ladang”

    Agro-

    forestry and

    Animal

    Husbandry

    Non-timber

    products and

    Fiber crops

    Timber

    products

    Fish-

    ponds

    Preserved

    peat

    swamp

    forestsVegetables & Fruits

    Animal husbandry

    Fish culture

    Vegetable resources

    Housing

    Fruits garden

    Sago Feed Biochar Composts

    Sago

  • *Fossil Fuel: Oil, Coal, Gasses*High Carbon Resorvoirs Ecosystem:Peatland/Wetland, Coastal Ecosystem(Mangrove), Permafrost

    Harvested Sun

    CreditREDD+

    JCM

    EthicsCSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)to CSV(Creating Shared Value: Social and Economic Values)

    *Wind/water/solar power*Biomass

    Harvesting Sun

    Food/Feed

    Energy Materials

    Biomass in wet-PeatlandSago PalmNipa Palm

    Trees

    Mitigation to Climate Change

    Adaptation to Climate Change

    International AgreementCOP21 by 2020SDGs by 2030

    InvestmentESG: Environment, Social, GovernanceSRI:Socially Responsible Investment

    Restriction

    Promotion

  • Action Plan on “Tropical Peatland Restoration”

  • 1: Rewetting2: Peat fire prevention 3: Reforestation 4: Comprehensive MRV

    Rewetting Reforestation Peat fire prevention Measurement, Reporting and Verification

  • SESAME is a semi real-time data transfer system which uses mobile phone network.

  • Field settings of a SESAME monitoring station

    Inside temp.Solar panel

  • By Wataru Takeuchi, University of Tokyo, Japan

    Tuning

    ModelingAlgorism

    Satellite Sensing

    Coefficiency between WaterTable Level and1) CO2 emission by Oxidation2) CO2 emission by Fire Factors

    Input

    Water Table Mapping

    Output

    Mapping of1) CO2 emission by Oxidation2) CO2 emission by Fire Factors

    Water Table Monitoring & Mapping

  • 20

Click here to load reader

Reader Image
Embed Size (px)
Recommended