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ARTICLE OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING FACILITIES General Requirements · PDF file...

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  • ARTICLE

    33

    OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING FACILITIES

    SECTION 3300

    General Requirements

    1. No building or structure shall be erected, substantially altered, or its use changed unless permanently

    maintained off-street parking and loading spaces have been provided in accordance with the provisions of

    this order;

    2. The provisions of this Article, except where there is a change of use, shall not apply to any existing building

    or structure. W here there is a change of use, there shall be provided as many of such spaces as may be

    required by this order;

    3. W henever a building or structure constructed after the effective date of this order is changed or enlarges

    in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity, or otherwise to create a need

    for an increase in the number of existing parking spaces, additional parking spaces shall be provided on the

    basis of the enlargement or change. W henever a building or structure existing prior to the effective date of

    this order is enlarged to the extent of fifty (50) percent or more in floor area, number of employees, number

    of housing units, seating capacity or otherwise, said building or structure shall then and thereafter comply

    with the full parking requirements set forth herein.

    SECTION 3310

    Parking Space Dimensions

    Parking spaces must be designed using the angles, layout and dimensions in Table 33.1.

    SECTION 3311

    Loading Space Requirement and Dimensions

    A loading space shall have m inimum dimensions of not less than ten (10) feet in width, fifty (50) feet in length,

    exclusive of driveways, aisles, and other circulation areas, and a height of clearance of not less than fifteen (15)

    feet. One off-street loading space shall be provided and maintained on the same lot for every building designed

    to house uses which require delivery of goods and having a modified gross floor area of up to five thousand (5,000)

    square feet. One loading space shall be provided for each additional ten thousand (10,000) square feet or fraction

    thereof designed for such uses. The Zoning Administrator shall have the power to reduce the number of required

    loading spaces based on the special circumstances of a particular use or site and to place appropriate conditions

    on such an exemption.

    33.1

  • TABLE 33.1

    Parking Area Dimensions

    A B C D E F G

    0 8 23 8 23 20 12o

    30 9 18 17 18 20 15o

    45 9 18 19 12.67 20 15o

    60 9 18 20.17 10.33 24 20o

    75 9 18 19.67 9.33 24 20o

    90 9 18 18 9 24 20o

    Dimensions in feet

    Stall width (B) may be reduced by one foot for low turnover uses,

    excluding parallel parking.

    Stall length ( C) may be reduced by 2.5 feet when a clear overhang of

    2.5 feet is provided.

    Interior parking radii shall be a minimum 5 feet.

    A - angle of parking

    B - stall width

    C - stall length

    D - stall depth

    E - curb length

    F - two-way drive width or

    double loaded drive width

    G - one-way drive width or

    single loaded drive width

    SECTION 3312

    Striping and Signage

    All parking areas shall be striped to facilitate the movement into and out of the parking stalls. This includes the

    delineation of access isles and permitted turning movements. The entrances and exits to the parking area shall

    be clearly marked. All signage and stripping will be adequately maintained to insure safe and efficient movement

    of vehicles (See Figure 33.2).

    33.2

  • FIGURE 33.2

    Striping of Parking Stalls

    SECTION 3312 3313

    Parking and Passenger Loading Zones for the Disabled

    1. All accessible parking for the disabled shall conform to the applicable requirements in the 2013 Kentucky

    Building Code. Detailed building code requirements that pertain to handicapped parking and accessibility are

    administered by Boone County Building Department.

    In any commercial or employment district, or wherever any townhouse of multi-family housing is provided,

    parking spaces for disabled people shall be provided as indicated on the following table:

    Parking Spaces for the Disabled

    1 to 25 1

    26 to 50 2

    51 to 75 3

    76 to 100 4

    101 to 150 5

    151 to 200 6

    201 to 300 7

    301 to 400 8

    401 to 500 9

    501 to 1,000

    1,001 and over

    2% of total

    20 plus 1 for each

    100 over 1,000

    33.3

  • 1. Exceptions

    A. This chart does not apply to parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles, law

    enforcement vehicles or vehicular impound and motor pools where lots accessed by the public are provided

    with an accessible passenger loading zone.

    B. Groups R-2 and R-3 - At least 2%, but not less than one, of each type of parking space provided for

    occupancies in Group R-2 and R-3, which are required Accessible, Type A or Type B dwelling or sleeping

    units, shall be accessible. W here parking is provided within or beneath a building, accessible parking

    spaces shall also be provided within or beneath the building.

    C. Hospital outpatient facilities - At least 10%, but not less than one, of care recipient and visitor parking spaces

    provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities shall be accessible.

    D. Rehabilitation facilities and outpatient physical therapy facilities - At least 20%, but not less than one, of the

    portion of care recipient and visitor parking spaces serving rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating

    conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall be accessible.

    2. Van spaces - For every six (6) or fraction of six (6) accessible parking spaces, at least one (1) shall be a van-

    accessible parking space. Van-accessible parking spaces shall be a minimum of eleven (11) feet in width and

    shall have an access aisle that is a minimum of five (5) feet in width. Access aisles shall extend the full length

    of the parking spaces they serve and shall be marked to discourage parking in them.

    Exception - Van parking spaces shall be permitted to be a minimum of eight (8) feet in width where the adjacent

    access aisle is a minimum of eight (8) feet in width.

    3. Car spaces - Car parking spaces shall be a minimum of eight (8) feet in width and a shall have an access aisle

    that is a minimum of five (5) feet in width. Access aisles shall extend the full length of the parking spaces they

    serve and shall be marked to discourage parking in them.

    4. Location - Accessible parking spaces shall be located on the shortest accessible route of travel from adjacent

    parking to an accessible building entrance. In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building, accessible

    parking spaces shall be located on the shortest route to an accessible pedestrian entrance to the parking facility.

    W here buildings have multiple entrances with adjacent parking, accessible parking spaces shall be dispersed

    and located near the accessible entrances.

    33.4

  • 5. Accessible routes within the site shall be provided from public transportation sites, accessible parking,

    accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance served.

    Exception - Other than in buildings or facilities containing or serving Type B units, an accessible route shall not

    be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between

    them is a vehicular way not providing for pedestrian access.

    6. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements and

    accessible spaces that are on the same site.

    Exception - An accessible route is not required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible

    elements and accessible spaces that have, as the only means of access between them, a vehicular way not

    providing for pedestrian access.

    7. W here accessible parking spaces are required to be identified by signs, the signs shall include the International

    Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 703.6.3.1 of ICC/ANSI A117.1-2003. Signs identifying van

    parking spaces shall contain the designation “van accessible”. Such signs shall be 60 inches minimum above

    the floor of the parking space, measured to the bottom of the sign.

    8. Passenger loading zones are typically required at institutional facilities such as assisted living facilities, hospitals

    and nursing homes. Passenger loading zones, when voluntarily provided, should also comply with these

    provisions:

    A. Passenger loading zones shall provide a vehicular pull-up space 8 feet minimum in width and 20 feet

    minimum in length. The space does not have to be marked because vehicles will only temporarily stop to

    load and unload passengers.

    B. Passenger loading zones shall have an adjacent access aisle. The access aisle shall adjoin an accessible

    route. Access aisles serving vehicle pull-up spaces shall be 5 feet minimum in width. Access aisle shall be

    marked to discourage parking in them.

    FIGURE 33.4

    Handicapped Parking Signage

    Sign

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