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Bikini Atoll World Heritage Nomination January Nomination2009.pdf · PDF file3 Bikini...

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  • Bikini Atoll

    NOMINATION BY THE

    REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDSFOR INSCRIPTION ON THE

    WORLD HERITAGE L IST 2010

    For the good of mankind and to end all world warsCommodore Ben H. Wyatt, military governor of the Marshall Islands, March 1946

    January 2009

  • 1

    A peace enforced through fear is a poor substitute for a peace maintained through international cooperation based upon agreement and understanding. But until such a

    peace is brought about, this nation can hope only that an effective deterrent to global war will be a universal fear of the atomic bomb as the ultimate horror in war.

    Report of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Operations Crossroads, June 30, 1947

    Shall we put an end to the human race; or shall mankind renounce war? There lies before us, if we choose, continual progress in happiness, knowledge and wisdom. Shall we instead, choose death, because we cannot forget our quarrels? We appeal, as human

    beings to human beings: Remember your humanity, and forget the rest.

    Russell-Einstein Manifesto, July 1955

    mankinds destiny is being decided todaynowthis momentAlbert Einstein, May 1946

    Operation Crossroads Baker test, July 25, 1946 at Bikini Atoll (N

    ational Nuclear Security A

    dministration, 1946)

  • 2Bikini Atoll World Heritage Nomination January 2009

  • 3 Bikini Atoll World Heritage Nomination January 2009

    ContentsFrom the Senator for the People of Bikini .............................................................................................. 7

    Executive Summary ................................................................................................................................ 9State Party .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

    State, Province or Region ................................................................................................................................... 9

    Name of Property .............................................................................................................................................. 9

    Geographical coordinates .................................................................................................................................. 9

    Textual description of the boundaries of the property ...................................................................................... 9

    A4 size map of the nominated property showing boundaries and buffer zone ............................................... 10

    Statement of Outstanding Universal Value ...................................................................................................... 11

    Criteria under which property is nominated .................................................................................................... 12

    Name and contact information of official local institution .............................................................................. 12

    1. Identification of the Property ........................................................................................................... 13

    1.a State Party .................................................................................................................................................. 13

    1.b State, Province or Region ........................................................................................................................... 13

    1.c Name of Property ....................................................................................................................................... 13

    1.d Geographical coordinates .......................................................................................................................... 13

    1.e Maps and plans, showing the boundaries of the nominated property and buffer zone ............................ 16

    1.f Area of nominated property and proposed buffer zone ............................................................................. 18

    Part 2. Description ................................................................................................................................ 192.a Description of Property .............................................................................................................................. 19

    2.b History and Development .......................................................................................................................... 29

    Part 3. Justification for Inscription ........................................................................................................ 453.a Criteria under which inscription is proposed, and justification for inscription under these criteria .......... 45

    3.b Proposed Statement of Outstanding Universal Value ................................................................................ 55

    3.c Comparative analysis (including state of conservation of similar properties) ............................................ 56

    3.d Integrity and Authenticity .......................................................................................................................... 61

    4. State of Conservation and Factors Affecting the Property ...............................................................634.a Present state of conservation..................................................................................................................... 63

    4.b Factors affecting the property .................................................................................................................... 64

    5. Protection and Management of the Property .................................................................................. 655.a Ownership .................................................................................................................................................. 65

    5.b Protective designation ............................................................................................................................... 65

    5.c Means of implementing protective measures. ........................................................................................... 66

    5.d Existing plans related to municipality and region in which the proposed property is located .................. 66

    5.e Property management plan or other management system ....................................................................... 66

    5.f Sources and levels of finance ...................................................................................................................... 66

    5.g Sources of expertise and training in conservation and management techniques ..................................... 66

    5.h Visitor facilities and statistics ..................................................................................................................... 67

    5.i Policies and programmes related to the presentation and promotion of the property .............................. 68

    5.j Staffing levels (professional, technical, maintenance) ................................................................................ 68

    6. Monitoring ........................................................................................................................................ 696.a Key indicators for measuring state of conservation ................................................................................... 69

    6.b Administrative arrangements for monitoring property ............................................................................. 69

  • 4Bikini Atoll World Heritage Nomination January 2009

    6.c Results of previous reporting exercises ...................................................................................................... 69

    7. Documentation ................................................................................................................................. 707.a Photographs, slides, image inventory and authorization table and other audiovisual materials .............. 70

    7.b Texts relating to protective designation and management of property..................................................... 73

    7.c Form and date of most recent records or inventory of property ............................................................... 73

    7.d Address where inventory, records and archives are held .......................................................................... 74

    7.e Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................... 74

    8. Contact Information of responsible authorities ............................................................................... 798.a Preparer ..................................................................................................................................................... 79

    8.b Official Local Institution/Agency ................................................................................................................ 79

    8.c Other Local Institutions .............................................................................................................................. 79

    8.d Official Web address .................................................................................................................................. 79

    9. Signature on behalf of the State Party ............................................................................................. 81

    Acknowledgements ..........................

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