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BMP Field Master FullSize Final-Jan03

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    State of California

    Department of Transportation

    Construction Site

    Best Management Practice(BMP)

    Field Manualand

    Troubleshooting Guide

    CTSW-RT-02-007

    January 2003

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    Construction Site BMP Field Manual and Troubleshooting Guide

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    PART I: INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................1

    Principles of Erosion and Sediment Control...........................................................................................1

    Common Pollutants on the Construction Site.........................................................................................2Monitoring and Inspection Program .......................................................................................................3

    PART II: PROJECT OPERATIONS AND BMPS ..................................................................7

    PART III:BMP IMPLEMENTATION AND TROUBLESHOOTING................................11

    TEMPORARY SOIL STABILIZATION ...........................................................................................11SS-2 Preservation of Existing Vegetation.....................................................................................11SS-3 Hydraulic Mulch...................................................................................................................13SS-4 Hydroseeding........................................................................................................................15 SS-5 Soil Binders ..........................................................................................................................17SS-6 Straw Mulch .........................................................................................................................19SS-7 Geotextiles, Plastic Covers, Erosion Control Blankets & Mats ...........................................21SS-8 Wood Mulching....................................................................................................................24SS-9 Earth Dikes, Drainage Swales & Ditches.............................................................................26SS-10 Outlet Protection/Velocity Dissipation Devices...................................................................28SS-11 Slope Drains .........................................................................................................................30

    TEMPORARY SEDIMENT CONTROL ...........................................................................................32SC-1 Silt Fence..............................................................................................................................32SC-2 Desilting Basin .....................................................................................................................35SC-3 Sediment Trap ......................................................................................................................37SC-4 Check Dam ...........................................................................................................................39SC-5 Fiber Rolls ............................................................................................................................41SC-6 Gravel Bag Berm..................................................................................................................43SC-7 Street Sweeping and Vacuuming..........................................................................................45SC-8 Sandbag Barrier ....................................................................................................................47SC-9 Straw Bale Barrier ................................................................................................................49SC-10 Storm Drain Inlet Protection.................................................................................................51

    WIND EROSION CONTROL .............................................................................................................53WE-1 Wind Erosion Control...........................................................................................................53

    TRACKING CONTROL......................................................................................................................54TC-1 Stabilized Construction Entrance/Exit..................................................................................54TC-2 Stabilized Construction Roadway.........................................................................................56

    NON-STORM WATER MANAGEMENT.........................................................................................57NS-1 Water Conservation..............................................................................................................57NS-2 Dewatering Operations.........................................................................................................59

    NS-3 Paving and Grinding Operations ..........................................................................................61NS-4 Temporary Stream Crossing.................................................................................................63NS-5 Clear Water Diversion..........................................................................................................65NS-7 Potable Water/Irrigation .......................................................................................................67NS-8 Vehicle and Equipment Cleaning .........................................................................................68NS-9 Vehicle and Equipment Fueling ...........................................................................................70NS-10 Vehicle and Equipment Maintenance...................................................................................72NS-11 Pile Driving Operations........................................................................................................74NS-12 Concrete Curing....................................................................................................................76NS-13 Material and Equipment Use on Water ................................................................................77

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    Construction Site BMP Field Manual and Troubleshooting Guide

    NS-14 Concrete Finishing................................................................................................................79NS-15 Structure Demolition/removal Over or Adjacent to Water...................................................81NS-16 Temporary Batch Plants .......................................................................................................83NS-17 Streambank Stabilization......................................................................................................84

    WASTE MANAGEMENT AND MATERIALS POLLUTION CONTROL...................................85WM-1 Material Delivery and Storage..............................................................................................85WM-2 Material Use .........................................................................................................................87

    WM-3 Stockpile Management .........................................................................................................88WM-4 Spill Prevention and Control ................................................................................................90WM-5 Solid Waste Management.....................................................................................................92WM-6 Hazardous Waste Management ............................................................................................94WM-7 Contaminated Soil Management ..........................................................................................96WM-8 Concrete Waste Management...............................................................................................98WM-9 Sanitary/Septic Waste Management...................................................................................101WM-10 Liquid Waste Management.................................................................................................103

    PART IV: NOTES.....................................................................................................................104

    District Construction Storm Water Coordinators................................................................................104Caltrans Headquarters Environmental Website ..................................................................................104

    Comments And Questions ..................................................................................................................104

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1 Storm Water BMPs for Construction Operations ......................................................................7

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    Introduction

    PART I: INTRODUCTION

    This document provides a toolbox for Caltrans field personnel to aid in proper implementation of water

    pollution control Best Management Practices (BMPs) on the construction site. The document is organized

    into the following parts:

    Part I: Introduction briefly presents (1) the principles of erosion and sediment control, (2) common

    storm water pollutants on the construction site, and (3) guidelines for implementing a propermonitoring and inspection program for the construction site, including the use of the Storm WaterPollution Pr

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