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Brazilian Diaspora and the Transnational Economy

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Presentation to the Brazilian Agency for Industrial Development - March 26, 2013 - Foley Hoag LLP.
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  • 1.Brazilian Diasporaand the TransnationalEconomy Brazil-Today Alvaro Lima, March 2013

2. Globalization A Different Perspective compression of our spatialand temporal worlds(D. Harvey) Globalisation NationFeudal StatesTribes Empires Globalization [...] as theGlobalisation as intensification of world-wideAnnihilation of Space/ social relations which linkShrinking of the World distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many milesconstraints of Geography away and vice versa. (Giddensrecede (M. Waters) 1990, p. 64)Dialectics of globalisation and localisation - glocalisation, global cities -space ... not only homogenised (and global), but always fragmented aswell. ... has not simply shrunk, but ... been transformed (S. Kirsch) 3. Traditional Understanding The Migration FlowADMISSION:Who? How many? What kind? 4. Traditional Understanding The Migration Flow povertystagnationoverpopulation etcWHY? 5. Foreign-Born Population of Rich OECD Countries from Developing Countries PopulationTop FiveTotal from Percent of SourceTop Five Source Country PopulationDevelopingTotal CountriesCountries(millions) Countries Population (percent of(millions) total)United States 281.4 10.145.2Mexico, Philippines, Puerto 28.4Rico, India, ChinaMorocco, Ecuador,Spain40.81.5 3.744.2Colombia, Argentina,VenezuelaFrance 58.53.7 6.420.4Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia,Turkey, VietnamUK 58.85.130.1India, Pakistan, 3.0Bangladesh, Jamaica,South AfricaNetherlands16.01.2 7.648.6Suriname, Turkey,Indonesia, Morocco,Netherlands AntillesPortugal 10.40.5 4.562.8Angola, Mozambique,Brazil, Cape Verde,VenezuelaJapan 1271.069.6North Korea, South Korea, 1.2China, Brazil, Philippines Source: Let Their People Come, Lant Pritchett, 2006 6. Traditional Understanding The SettlementIntegration policies are skeletal, ad hoc, under-funded anddominated by the ideology of assimilation MELTING POTlabor market entrepreneurshiphousing ESOL education etc 7. New Understand - Immigrant TransnationalismImmigrants forge economic, social, cultural and political relations that linktogether their societies of origin and settlement 8. Drivers of Transnationalism Developments in the means of transportation andcommunications have changed the relations between peopleand places (costs); International migrations have become crucial to thedemographic future of many developed countries; Global political transformations and new international legalregimes weakened the state as the only legitimate source ofrights; Fostered by global consumption, global production, andimmigration, cultural hybridization are substituting folkloricromanticism and political nationalism enshrined as essencesof national cultures; 9. New Possibilities Transnational Platform(s)Transnational platformTransnational platform 10. Monthly Remittance by Nationality$875$900$800MEASURING TRANSNATIONALIS$700$600$500$398ABOVE AVERAGE M$400AVERAGE = $294 $331 $278 $274$300 BELOW AVERAGE $218 $192 $188 $185 $177$200$113$100$-.rzildorcoal a an a n R m b i a ag u a do rasb a Bra Ecua xi atemuyi caolo Nica r l va du CuMuGm inC Sa Hon GDo El Purchasing of Nostalgic Products Among Brazilians50.0% 45.4% Financial Accounts in Country of Origin - Brazil 45.0%40.0% 37.6%35.0%40.0%30.0%35.0% 25.0% 20.5% 28.9%17.8%20.0%30.0% 26.0%15.0%25.0% 10.0% 5.1% 4.9% 3.7%5.0%1.6% 0.8% 0.2%20.0% 0.0% ces D sin esls s pi,Cing ga zks hotteemhe rsds Dso th / m aBoo lco igaret ItOt15.0% n s a os , D VCl rs A CCr afod pe Fo i depa10.0%V ws5.5%Ne5.0% 1.6% 0.3%0.0%Does notChecking SavingsCredit card Investment Foreignhave / NR accountaccountaccountcurrency savings 11. Help Beyond Remittances50.0% 46.6%45.0%40.0% 36.80%35.0% ABOVE AVERAGE30.0% 27.0% 22.7%25.0% AVERAGE = 19.2%20.0%20.0% 15.3%14.0%BELOW AVERAGE15.0% 10.3%9.1%10.0%5.7%3.7% 5.0% 0.0%.ailorrasia uanRo baorla yan Braz addu mbrag icaxi cCuad maGu Ec u n lo canM alv ateHo CoNi mi ElS GuDoMEASURINGSupport of Hometown Associations TRANSNATIONALIS30.0% 26.3%M 25.0%20.0%15.0% ABOVE AVERAGE 12.4%10.0%10.0%AVERAGE = 6.7%6.7% 5.0%4.0%3.5%BELOW AVERAGE5.0% 3.3%2.8% 2.4%0.0%0.0% aR. r ail doras bi ua o n alaoaya n Br az ua urm ra gxic ca em ad Cub GuEcndloi caMe iniat alvHoCo NmGu El S11 Do 12. MEASURINGTRANSNATIONALIS M 13. Some Implications of Transnationalism Portability becomes crucial for transnational migrants education and certification processes; investment andretirement schemes, health insurance, etc.; The concept of community, society, as well asthe local, must be redefined as space of flows(relationships), pluri-local and nation-state-boarderspanning, instead of bounded geographic places geographic and social container spaces; Transnational immigrant entrepreneurs contributions to the economy have to berecognized as such and not as just ethnic; Nation-state ideals of identity in both sending and receiving countries are challengedby transnational practices double citizenship, transnational rights, regimens, etc; States must re-conceive immigration and adapt their policies and practices toaccommodate transnational realities; 14. First Generation Innovation Portfolio Digaai.com TransnationalIndex DiasporaCapitalServices EducationalDelivery&PartnershipModels HealthCareManagement&InsuranceProvision SocialSecurity PoliticalRepresentation 15. BrazilianTransnationalCommunity UnitedStates DigaaiTransnational Platform(PHASEI) SEARCHAGGREGATEARCHIVECURATEDATAVERSE SLIDESHAREPortugal itSpainBrazilcapturesocialpracticescaptureeconomic activity captureeverydaylifepractices Japan PHASEIIParaguay Angola 16. Transnational Platform Model (PHASE I) SEARCH AGGREGATE ARCHIVE CURATE WIKI DATAHUBDATAVERSE SLIDESHARE Brazilian Transnational Community capture socialcapture economic General Modelit practicesactivitycapture everyday life practices(PHASE II) MASHUPS JOURNALING TAGGCLOUDS

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