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Brown Bear-ursus Arctos

Date post: 21-Jul-2016
Author: pablo-mella-moyo
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BROWN BEAR-URSUS ARCTOS1.Description2.Population3.Threats4.DistributionDistribution in EuropeDistribution in SpainHabitat preferences5.Conservation and legal situationIUCN categoryComeback programs6.Long term aimsOverviewPosibility of recovery

Actions to be imprementSecond largest predator mammal in Europe

Weigh between 100 and 635kg.

Claws from 5 to 6 cm.

Head-and-body length of 1.4 to 2.8m

Period of winter torpor


Population nameCountries Size (c. 2012) Trend Scandinavian Norway, Sweden 3400 Increasing Karelian Norway, Finland 1700 Increasing Baltic Estonia, Latvia 710 Increasing Carpathian Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Serbia 7200 Stable Dinaric-Pindos Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia, Greece 3070 Increase Alpine Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia 45-50 Stable Eastern Balkan Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia 600 Stable or decrease? Central Apennine Italy 40-80 Stable Cantabrian Spain 195-210 Increase Pyrenean France, Spain 22-27 Increase 2.PopulationInfrastructure development habitat loss


Low acceptance

Poor management structures


3.ThreatsMore individuals in the north and east.

Larger localities4.1 Distribution in Europe

4. DistributionTwo localities:Cantabrian mountainsPyrinean4.2 Distribution in Spain


Low population densities large spaces

Mountains and forest cover

Low human disturbance

4.3 Habitat preferences5. Conservation status and legal situationIUCN category: vulnerable high risk of extinction in the wild

Protected by pan-European Habitats Directive

Hunting regulation

5.1 IUCN categorySpain: one of the smallest localities

Pyrinean: reintroduction of other sub-especie

Cantabrian: ecological corridor betwen the two sub-localities.

5.2 Comeback programsRecovery possibility

Currently increasing

Population goals

Actions to be implementAdministrativeEconomical6. Long term aimsWildlife comeback in Europe. 2013.ZSL, BirdLife International and EBCC. Availableat:http://static.zsl.org/files/wildlife-comeback-in-europe-the-recovery-of-selected-mammal-and-bird-species-2576.pdf

The Status and Distribution ofMediterranean Mammals.Compiled by Helen J. Temple and Annabelle Cuttelod. 2009. IUCNhttp://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/mediteranean_mammals_web2.pdf

Large carnivores in Europehttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/conservation/species/carnivores/index_en.htm

European red Listhttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/conservation/species/redlist/index_en.htm

BibliographyThank you for the attention