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Buffalo Springfield

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BUFFALO SPRINGFIELD: Stephen Stills (lead guitar, keyboards, vocals) Neil Young (lead guitar, keyboards, harmonica, vocals) Richie Furay (rhythm guitar, vocals) Bruce Palmer (bass) Dewey Martin (drums, vocals) (1964) October Stills (b. Steve Arthur Stills, January 3, 1945, Dallas, Texas, US) encounters Furay (b. Paul Richard Furay, May 9, 1944, Dayton, Ohio, US) in New York, while playing in vocal group The New Choctawquins. Together they form a nine member vocal outfit The Au Go Go Singers which stars in an off Broadway production, tours down to Texas and releases an album They Call Us The Au Go Go Singers for Roulette Records in early 1965. (1965) April The group splinters and Stills and Furay part company. Furay moves to Massachusetts, while Stills and the remaining members of the group, now called The Company, embark on a short tour of Canada. (18) At the Fourth Dimension club in Fort William (Thunder Bay), Stills meets Young (b. Neil Percival Kenneth Ragland Young, November 12, 1945, Toronto, Ontario, Canada), who is currently playing in his own band Neil Young & The Squires. They immediately strike up a rapport and make loose arrangements to form a band; however when Stills returns to New York the plans are shelved as he is unable to track Young down. Furay isn’t interested in forming a band either at this point, so Stills decides to move out to California in August after hearing The Byrds’ Mr Tambourine Man on the radio. July Neil Young and current Squires members Ken Koblun, Terry Erickson and Bob Clark decide to move to Toronto; on arrival they are picked up by manager Martin Onrot, who renames them Four To Go. Onrot arranges an audition with a local record label, but the group destabilises
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Page 1: Buffalo Springfield

BUFFALO SPRINGFIELD: Stephen Stills (lead guitar, keyboards, vocals)Neil Young (lead guitar, keyboards, harmonica, vocals)Richie Furay (rhythm guitar, vocals)Bruce Palmer (bass)Dewey Martin (drums, vocals)

(1964)October Stills (b. Steve Arthur Stills, January 3, 1945, Dallas, Texas, US) encounters Furay (b. Paul Richard Furay, May 9, 1944, Dayton, Ohio, US) in New York, while playing in vocal group The New Choctawquins. Together they form a nine member vocal outfit The Au Go Go Singers which stars in an off Broadway production, tours down to Texas and releases an album They Call Us The Au Go Go Singers for Roulette Records in early 1965.

(1965)April The group splinters and Stills and Furay part company. Furay moves to Massachusetts, while Stills and the remaining members of the group, now called The Company, embark on a short tour of Canada. (18) At the Fourth Dimension club in Fort William (Thunder Bay), Stills meets Young (b. Neil Percival Kenneth Ragland Young, November 12, 1945, Toronto, Ontario, Canada), who is currently playing in his own band Neil Young & The Squires. They immediately strike up a rapport and make loose arrangements to form a band; however when Stills returns to New York the plans are shelved as he is unable to track Young down. Furay isn’t interested in forming a band either at this point, so Stills decides to move out to California in August after hearing The Byrds’ Mr Tambourine Man on the radio.July Neil Young and current Squires members Ken Koblun, Terry Erickson and Bob Clark decide to move to Toronto; on arrival they are picked up by manager Martin Onrot, who renames them Four To Go. Onrot arranges an audition with a local record label, but the group destabilises when Erickson travels to Liverpool, England and Clark return to Winnipeg.November Disbanding the group, Young and Koblun decide to look up Stills in New York; arriving at the address given by Stills they find only Furay. Young teaches him one of his songs, Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing, which Furay performs at the Bitter End, and Young records a number of demos at New York’s Elektra Studios.December Returning to Toronto, Young and Koblun part company amicably. Koblun quickly becomes an itinerant bass player on Toronto’s flourishing folk scene, while Young encounters Palmer (b. September 9, 1946, Toronto, Ontario, Canada) while walking down the street. Palmer had left top Toronto band Jack London & The Sparrows in February to join R&B band The Mynah Birds with black singer Ricky James Matthews (later famous as Rick James). Young joins a line up that also includes drummer Rick Mason and guitarist John Taylor.

(1966)January Stills sells one of his early compositions, Sit Down I Think I Love You, to Chuck Kaye at Screen Gems and the song is given to The Mojo Men, who enjoy a top thirty hit with it. Stills also forms a short-lived outfit called Buffalo Fish with bassist Ron Long and guitarist Peter Tork, whom Stills met in New York. Soon afterwards, Stills auditions for a new television programme, whose premise is a sanitised version

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of A Hard Day’s Night. The programme’s organiser NBC Television is looking for musicians to become America’s version of The Beatles. Stills fails the audition but convinces his colleague Peter Tork to attend and he becomes one of the four Monkees.February Stills receives a letter from Furay, via his father in El Salvador, enquiring about work in Los Angeles. Stills phones Furay to tell him that he has a new group and that he needs him as its lead singer. However, when Furay arrives in L.A. he discovers that only he and Stills constitute the band. Over the next few weeks they try to recruit members for their new group but no one is suitable.(12-13) The Mynah Birds perform at the El Patio, Toronto. Having signed a seven-year contract with Motown earlier in the month, they are given a $25,000 advance and travel to Detroit, where sessions are held later that month. Matthews, however, is soon arrested for being AWOL from the US Navy and the group splinters; the contract with Motown is terminated and Young and Palmer decide to sell the group’s equipment to finance a trip to Los Angeles in search of Stills.March (21) Stills and Furay try unsuccessfully to contact Young in Toronto. They do manage however, to reach ex-Squires bassist Ken Koblun, who is currently playing in Toronto folk/rock band 3’s a Crowd and convince him to fly out to Los Angeles. Koblun remains for a week before returning home; he has only $20 left in his pocket and the manager of 3’s a Crowd has promised a plane ticket back to Toronto. (29) Back in Toronto, Koblun rejoins 3’s a Crowd at the Riverboat.April (6) After setting off from Toronto in mid-March in a 1953 Pontiac hearse, Young and Palmer arrive in Los Angeles. Unable to find Stills, they decide to head up to San Francisco but are caught in a traffic jam on Sunset Boulevard. Coincidentally, Stills and Furay are also held up in the same traffic jam and when the latter turns to brush a fly off his shoulder, he spots a hearse with Ontario licence plates going in the opposite direction. Furay manages to engineer an illegal u-turn and pulls up behind the hearse. After attracting Young and Palmer’s attention, the four musicians pull into Ben Frank’s supermarket parking lot where they are united. Stills quickly invites Young and Palmer back to his manager Barry Friedman’s house. Friedman finds the band a place on Fountain Street for living and rehearsing and with Stills’ friend Billy Mundi (currently a member of folk-rock band Mastin & Brewer) on drums the group, provisionally named The Herd, begins to build up their repertoire. (9) Mundi leaves early in the rehearsals to return to Mastin & Brewer, and his place is taken by Dewey Martin (b. Walter Milton Dewayne Midkiff, September 30, 1940, Chesterville, near Ottawa, Canada). Martin is a couple of years older than the others and much more experienced: In the early ‘60s, he played Nashville sessions for Patsy Cline, Roy Orbison and Carl Perkins (as well as supporting them at the Grand Ole Opry), before recording a number of singles for A&M and Tower during 1965 under the name Sir Walter Raleigh & The Coupons. In early 1966 he briefly plays with The MFQ (Modern Folk Quartet) and The Dillards (with whom he records a demo single for Capitol Records). When the Dillards decided to return to the drumless pastures of bluegrass, he auditions for The Herd, which by now has been renamed The Buffalo Springfield after a steamroller parked outside the band’s residence.(11) The group makes its live debut at the Troubadour in West Hollywood.(15) The Buffalo Springfield joins The Elysium Senate (Mastin & Brewer) and The Dillards for a performance at the National Orange Show Grounds at the Swing Auditorium, San Bernardino supporting The Byrds. During this period the Springfield briefly takes up residence at the Hollywood Centre Hotel.(22) The band plays at the Los Angeles Harbor College in Willmington with The Byrds and The Dillards.

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(23) The Buffalo Springfield appear at Colt Gym, Covina High School, Covina, California with The Byrds and The Dillards.May Chris Hillman of The Byrds drops by to hear the band and is greatly impressed with Stills and Young’s lead guitar work. He persuades Elmer Valentine, owner of the Whisky-A-Go-Go in West Hollywood, to sign the band for live work and the Springfield becomes house-band there for six weeks.(7) The Buffalo Springfield appears at the Hillside Theater, Occidental College, Eagle Rock, California with The Byrds. Later that day, they join The Byrds and Mastin & Brewer for a performance at the Adolfo Camarillo High School Gym in Camarillo, California.(11-22) The group supports Johnny Rivers at the Whisky-A-Go-Go. Their repertoire includes Stills’ Neighbour Don’t You Worry, Young’s Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing and Hello I’ve Returned, a song written by Stills with Van Dyke Parks earlier in the year and never released by the band.June Rapidly establishing themselves as a live act, the Springfield are offered deals by various labels, including Dunhill and Warner Brothers. The group’s friend Dickie Davis is unsure of what to do and approaches Charlie Greene and Brian Stone (managers of Sonny & Cher; and the former a producer for Atlantic’s subsidiary label Atco) for advice. Greene and Stone introduce band to Atlantic President Ahmet Ertegun, who is immediately attracted to their unique style and signs them to Atco for a $22,000 advance. The group’s manager Barry Friedman is bought out by Greene and Stone, who become managers and producers for the band.July (18) Buffalo Springfield enter Gold Star Studios, Los Angeles to begin work on their debut album.(25) The band appears at the Hollywood Bowl (where it supports The Rolling Stones) alongside The McCoys, The Standells and The Trade Winds; it is billed as the first band to appear at the 20,000-seater venue without a hit record to its credit. Featured in a four-song set are Stills’ Sit Down I Think I Love You and Furay’s My Kind Of Love.(26) Greene and Stone arrange a deal for the band to make six appearances on the Hollywood Palace TV show.(31) Debut single, Neil Young’s Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing (which is sung by Furay), is released and hits US #110. It is eventually banned nationally for containing the word ‘damn’.August The band makes its television debut playing on the Hollywood Palace.September The group records Stills and Young’s Kahuna Sunset, the instrumental theme tune for The Big Kahuna Luau contest, hosted by KHJ radio. (2) The Buffalo Springfield support Chad & Jeremy and Ian Whitcomb at the Melodyland Theatre, Anaheim, California. Palmer is arrested for drug possession and detained before the concert and Mastin & Brewer bassist Jim Fielder fills in. During the concert, Young suffers from an epileptic fit and is carried off halfway through the set.(3) With Palmer re-instated, the band returns to the Melodyland Theatre for a second night. Shortly afterwards, several band members approach ex-Jefferson Airplane drummer Alex ‘Skip’ Spence, to ask him to join the band as Dewey Martin’s replacement. Spence declines the offer and forms Moby Grape instead. October The group records several songs which are never released (apart from on bootleg): Stills’ Neighbour Don’t You Worry, My Angel, So You Got A Lover and Come On (Lover); Furay’s My Kind Of Love and Young’s One More Sign, There Goes My Babe and Down Down Down. (The latter will later become part of Young’s song Country Girl, issued on Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s Deja Vu album).

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(7-8) The group supports The Turtles at the Third I, Redondo Beach, California.(14-15) The Buffalo Springfield return to the venue for a series of shows supported by The Knack and The New Generation.(22) The band appears with Love and The Sons Of Adam at the Whisky-A-Go-Go, West Hollywood. Palmer is unable to play and is replaced (again) by Jim Fielder.November (4) Buffalo Springfield appear at the Ark, San Francisco with Big Brother & The Holding Company, Lee Michaels and Moby Grape.(11-13) The group performs a string of dates at the Fillmore Auditorium with Country Joe & The Fish, supporting Brazilian guitarist Bola Sete.(12) Buffalo Springfield manage to fit in two further dates: one at the Avalon Ballroom and another at the Gay ‘90s, San Francisco with Moby Grape.(21-27) The band performs at the Whisky-A-Go-Go alongside The Poor (with future Poco and Eagles member Randy Meisner). During the festivities the group is joined by Peter Tork of The Monkees.December A second single, Young’s Burned, is released and then almost immediately withdrawn.(2-3) Buffalo Springfield headline at the Avalon Ballroom, San Francisco with The Daily Flash and The Congress of Wonders. (The Daily Flash’s lead guitarist Doug Hastings will replace Neil Young briefly the following summer.)(5) After witnessing major disturbances on Sunset Strip in which the police violently repress youth elements in the streets, Stills is inspired to write a song documenting the event. For What It’s Worth (Stop, Hey What’s That Sound) becomes an anthem for a generation and is quickly recorded at Columbia Studios and released to capture the mood of the times. The group also cuts a second version of Young’s Do I Have To Come Right Out And Say It, unhappy with Greene and Stone’s original production.(20) Buffalo Springfield’s eponymous debut album is released but sells poorly, due in part to Greene and Stone’s poor production, which fails to capture the band’s ‘live’ sound. Stills and Young (who have produced a more impressive mono version) are not allowed to salvage the damage.(21-22) The group performs two dates at the Whisky-A-Go-Go supporting The Turtles. (27-28) The band tapes two TV performances for Dick Clark. The first (recorded at the Hullabaloo club on Sunset Strip) is aired on January 9 on the TV show Where The Action Is while the second, for the TV show American Bandstand, is aired on January 21.(30) The group performs one date at the Night Owl Cafe in New York before a 10-day stint at Ondine’s.(31) - January (9) The Buffalo Springfield play a series of gigs at Ondine’s in New York supporting Mitch Ryder and The Detroit Wheels. (On one occasion, Otis Redding joins the band for a rendition of In The Midnight Hour). While there, the band decides to sack Greene and Stone as its managers and producers, following their mishandling of the group’s debut album. Further problems ensue during one of the band’s sets: Stills punches Palmer into Martin’s drum kit after the latter refuses to turn down the volume on his bass amp.

(1967)January (9) During its stay in New York, the group cuts the original version of Young’s Mr Soul. At the same session, the band records a second version of Furay’s My Kind Of Love, Stills’ We’ll See and two versions of Mr Soul with Stills and Furay on lead vocal which all remain unreleased. (Group is joined at the session by Otis Redding, who is interested in recording Mr Soul. However, Young refuses Redding

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the opportunity to record it). Later that night (at the group’s hotel), Palmer is arrested for possession of marijuana by the NYPD and sentenced to three months in prison. He is subsequently deported to Canada and manager Dickie Davis is forced to fill in for an appearance on TV show Hollywood Palace. The show (which is aired on April 8) is later used by Neil Young in his 1972 movie Journey Thru’ The Past.(19) Following a gig in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Young’s former colleague from The Squires, Ken Koblun (b. May 7, 1946, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada), leaves 3’s a Crowd and flies to L.A. to help fulfil touring dates.(20-22) Ken Forssi of Love agrees to fill in until Ken Koblun arrives in Los Angeles and joins the band for a series of gigs at Garazzi’s, a club on La Cienga Boulevard, Hollywood.(25) Koblun makes his live debut with the band at the Tempo club in San Francisco. (27-28) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Hullabaloo in Los Angeles.(28) The group plays at Rolling Hills High School, Rolling Hills, California with The Sir Douglas Quintet and The Wild Ones before embarking on a brief tour of Southern California, Texas and New Mexico with The Seeds and others billed as the Hollywood Cavalcade of Stars. However, the tour (with below capacity crowds) proves to be a financial disaster and after six shows the band decides to drop out.February (1) The Buffalo Springfield perform For What It’s Worth on the TV series Where The Action Is.(2) The Buffalo Sprinfield performs at the Hullabaloo, Hollywood with The Seeds, The Wild Ones, The Yellow Payges, The East Side Kids and The Standells.(3) The group appears at the Earl Warren Showgrounds, Santa Barbara with The ESP.(4) The Buffalo Springfield plays at the Swing Auditorium, the National Orange Showgrounds, San Bernardino, California. (5) The band appears at the Hollywood Palladium, Los Angeles.(6) The Buffalo Springfield performs at the Cinnamon Cinder on Long Beach, California.(10) After completing the group’s tour in Lubbock, Texas, Koblun is asked to leave and is replaced by ex- Mastin & Brewer and current Mothers Of Invention bassist Jim Fielder (b. October 4, 1947, Denton, Texas, US). Koblun meanwhile returns to Canada where he later rejoins 3’s a Crowd (who later move to Los Angeles and record an album with Mama Cass for Dunhill Records).(17) The band appears on BS-TV’s The Smothers Brothers’ Show which is aired on February 26. (The show later comprises part of Young’s movie Journey Thru’ The Past in 1972). The group’s roadie Miles Thomas fills in for the performance because Fielder has to serve out his notice with The Mothers of Invention; they have a concert at the Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco on the 18th and 19th to fulfil.(18) Stills’ For What It’s Worth reaches US #7 on the national chart and is the band’s biggest hit. The song’s overnight success forces Atco to reissue their debut album replacing the first track, Stills’ Baby Don’t Scold Me, with the hit single. (The original track listing will later become a collectors item). (20) Stills records a new version of Baby Don’t Scold Me at Atlantic Studios, New York. (22) Fielder makes his public debut with the band at the CAFF Benefit show alongside The Byrds, Peter, Paul & Mary and The Doors at Valley Music Theatre, Tarzana, California. Show features an early version of Stills’ Pretty Girl Why and Bluebird (with ex-Dillard, Doug Dillard on banjo), and a cover of In The Midnight Hour featuring Dewey Martin on vocal.

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March (4) Furay marries Nancy Jennings with Martin as best man. Peter Noone of Herman’s Hermits is one of the celebrities who attends the wedding. (5) The Buffalo Springfield appear on NBC TV show Go! alongside Herman Hermits, The Swingin’ Six, Brian Hyland and The Jokers and others.(10) The group performs at the Rollarena, San Leandro, California with Peter Wheat & The Breadmen and The Staton Brothers. (11) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Longshoremen’s Hall, San Francisco supported by Peter Wheat & The Breadmen and The Strawberry Window.(13) The band records two songs at Sunset Recorders studio, Los Angeles that are not released: New York Greenwich folk singer Eric Eisner’s No Sun Today and Furay’s Who’s The Next Fool. (17) The band appears at the Civic Auditorium, San Jose, California with The Quicksilver Messenger Service.(18) The group begins a series of shows in the Seattle area which ends on March 26.(21) The Buffalo Springfield plays at The Seattle Center Coliseum, Seattle with Paul Revere & The Raiders, The Seeds, The Daily Flash, The Brave New World, City Zu and Keith Allison.(22) During its brief tour of the Northwest, the band makes a short excursion to Portland where it plays at the Crystal Ballroom with The Weeds (later The Lollipop Shoppe) Mr Lucky & The Gamblers and The Warloks.(23) The band appears at the Second City club in Corvallis, Oregon with The Seeds and Paul Revere & The Raiders. (24) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Red Carpet, South Tacoma, Washington with The Noblemen.(27) The group is supported by Hearts & Flowers and Chad and Jeremy at the Carousel Theatre, West Covina, California.(30) The band plays at Berkeley Community Theater, Berkeley, California.(31) The Buffalo Springfield perform at the Campus Hall, University Of California, Irvine, California with A Cobblestone Garden.April (1) The group plays at Robertson Gym, the University of California, Santa Barbara with The Sounds Five and The Druids.(7) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the University of San Francisco alongside The Jefferson Airplane.(8) Young records a new lead guitar track for Mr Soul at Goldstar Studios. The new version appears later in the year on the band’s second album. The group also records Stills’ Pretty Girl Why and Everydays. In the evening the group performs at Cabrillo College, Aptos, Santa Cruz, California with The Trans-Atlantic Train.(11-16) The Band is supported by The Electric Chamber Orkustra for a string of dates at the Rock Garden in San Francisco. After the show, the well-documented incident between Stills and Young takes place, in which both musicians throw their guitars at each other following a particularly fiery guitar duel. Young subsequently adds further fuel to the fire by vetoing the idea of appearing on the forthcoming Johnny Carson’s Tonight Show in early June. (Young argues that it contradicts the band’s ideas and refuses to take part in the show).(22) The band plays at Freeborn Hall, University of California, Davis with The Moby Grape.(27) The Buffalo Springfield appear at Cubberly High School, Palo Alto, California with Sopwith Camel.(28-30) The group flies to the Fillmore Auditorium for the first of three shows featuring The Steve Miller Blues Band, The Freedom Highway and All Alive.

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(29) The Buffalo Springfield fly back to Los Angeles for a 30-minute set at the Hollywood Bowl supporting The Supremes, Johnny Rivers, The Seeds, Brenda Holloway and The Fifth Dimension. The group perform Pay The Price, For What It’s Worth, Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing and Mr Soul before flying back to the Fillmore for the second night. May (3) The group embarks on a tour of the Midwest supporting The Turtles. Commencing at Western, Illinois University, the tour will end on May 24 in Moline, Illinois. Stills and Young spend a lot of time flying back and forth between Chicago (where the group is based) and Los Angeles to record sans the others. (5) The Buffalo Springfield plays at Morgan Gym, Western Illinois University, Macomb, Illinois.(6) The band appears at the KRNT Theater, Des Moines, Indiana with The Turtles, Sopwith Camel and The Robbs. (7) The group plays at the Masonic Temple, Davenport, Indiana with The Turtles, Sopwith Camel and The Robbs. Young starts work on a number of ambitious pieces, abetted by producer Jack Nitzsche, at Sunset Sounds studios. These include Ashes On The Floor and Expecting To Fly. Stills meanwhile, concentrates on recording Bluebird with the assistance of engineer Bruce Botnick and Ahmet Ertegun. During the session, Stills employs bassist Bob West (who has previously worked with The Mothers Of Invention) and future Cat Mother & The All Night Newsboys member, Charlie Chin on banjo to help record the track. Three versions of Young’s Down To The Wire are taped; two feature Young on lead vocal, the other Steve Stills. The sessions include contributions from Mac Rebennack (better known as Dr John), Bob West and drummer Jesse Hill. (On the same day Young records two instrumentals: Whiskey Boot Hill, which later appears as part of the aforementioned Country Girl, and Slowly Burning, which later forms the basis of Long Walk Home on Young’s 1987 album Life. (The tracks are not issued at the time but are delivered to Atlantic in 1971 as part of a batch of unissued Springfield material. One of Young’s versions of Down To The Wire is later released on his triple set Decade in 1977). Around this time, Young also records a demo version of Sell Out which he copyrights later in the year.(13) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Cellar, Arlington, Illinois with The Shady Daze.(17-18) Back in Los Angeles they play at the Whisky A Go Go with The Doors.(20) The band returns to the Midwest and appears at Roberts Stadium, the Univeristy of Evansville, Evansville, Indiana with The Outsiders and The Shy Ones.(21) The Buffalo Springfield plays the Cheetah, Chicago with The Scott Brothers and The Gas Company Ltd.(25) The band returns to Los Angeles to rest before leaving for dates in Boston in early June. Around this time, Palmer turns up unexpectedly at Stills’ Malibu house and Fielder is asked to leave. (A few weeks later, Fielder will hook up with former Blues Project member Al Kooper and performs at the Big Sur Folk Festival before doing sessions for Tim Buckley. Later in the year, he’ll move to New York and join Kooper’s new musical project, Blood, Sweat & Tears.)(31) Growing friction between Stills and Young leads Young to announce his decision to go solo. Young continues to work on his recent compositions with Jack Nitzsche. June (2) The group decides to continue as a quartet and embarks on a tour of the East Coast starting at the Canobie Lake Park Ballroom in Salem, New Hampshire but are poorly received.

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(3) The Buffalo Springfield perform at a club called Where It’s At in Boston, Massachusetts, with The Beacon Street Union but are told not to return because they aren’t a ‘whole band’ without Neil Young.(4) The Carson Show is finally cancelled. Martin’s attempt to enlist Otis Redding (to perform Mr Soul with the group) fails to materialise because Redding has a string of dates at the Apollo Theatre to fulfil. (5) The band returns to Los Angeles where they add ex-Daily Flash guitarist Doug Hastings (b. June 21, 1946, Seattle, Washington, US), who has recently tried out for Clear Light.(6) Hastings adds a guitar solo to Stills’ Bluebird at Columbia Studios but it is scrapped by Stills that day. After Martin adds drums and Furay a harmony vocal, Stills edits and mixes the track for release the following week.(8) Hastings debuts with the band at Hal Baby’s in Aurora, Colorado where it is supported by Boenzee Cryque (a band which features future Poco members Rusty Young and George Grantham).(9) A second low-key date takes place at the City Auditorium, Colorado Springs, Colorado with The Birmingham Balloon Company.(15) Stills’ Bluebird is released as a single.(16) With David Crosby of The Byrds acting as auxiliary member, the Buffalo Springfield - with a line up featuring Stills, Furay, Martin, Palmer and Hastings - perform at the Monterey International Pop Festival. Band’s set features Stills’ For What It’s Worth; Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman; Pretty Girl Why and Bluebird, Furay’s A Child’s Claim To Fame and Neil Young’s Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing. (The show provides them with much needed exposure and soon after the group is offered a lucrative deal touring the States).(23) The Buffalo Springfield plays at the Tri State Coliseum in Amarillo, Texas with The Five Americans, The Dearly Beloved, The Stumps and The Hysterical Society.(24) The band appears at the Memorial Auditorium, Dallas, Texas with The Five Americans. (27) Steve Stills and Jimi Hendrix take part in an informal jam at a beach house in Malibu which the Springfield have rented. Electric Flag drummer Buddy Miles, South African trumpet player Hugh Masekela and Bruce Palmer are also present at the 12-hour acid-fuelled session. (Other regular guests during this period are The Moby Grape, who have also rented a house nearby).(30) The band records Furay’s Nobody’s Fool with Dewey Martin on lead vocal in demo form but it is not completed. (A new version later appears on Poco’s debut album Pickin’ Up The Pieces in 1969). (30) – July (1) The group performs two dates at the Hullabaloo on Sunset Strip. Furay (who has entered hospital to have his tonsils removed) is unable to play on the first night and is replaced by David Crosby. During the first concert, the band is also joined by former member Neil Young for a rendition of Mr Soul.July Teenset magazine announce that Neil Young and arranger Jack Nitzsche are moving to London, England to work with Andrew Loog Oldham. Young never goes but continues to work on his recent compositions.(13) The band fills in for The Byrds at the Whisky-A-Go-Go, when Byrds’ guitarist Roger McGuinn falls ill.(14) The Buffalo Springfield appears at the Malibu Shore and Beach Club Lido Beach, Long Island, New York alongside The Association. During their stay in New York, Stills joins Jimi Hendrix and Mickey Dolenz of The Monkees for an informal jam in New York’s Waldorf Hotel.

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(16) The Buffalo Springfield cancel their appearance at the Newport Folk Festival as Furay is still unfit to perform.(19-21) The Buffalo Springfield join The Electric Prunes, The Shadows Of Knight and Jefferson Airplane in the ‘Happening ‘67’ concert at the Convention Hall, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Shortly afterwards, the band performs a string of dates in Wisconsin and Illinois.(25) The band performs at the New Sound Dance Club YMCA, Racine, Wisconsin with The Revels of Racine.(27) While Furay and Dickie Davis drive to the band’s next gig on an Indian reservation in Hayward, Wisconsin, the others fly in The Monkees’ private jet to Duluth, where they make a connection to join Furay. (27-29) Former member Jim Fielder joins Al Kooper and future Blood, Sweat & Tears member, Bobby Colomby for a benefit concert for Kooper at New York’s Café Au Go Go. Kooper hopes to use the money to move to England but they are not the success he anticipates and forms Blood, Sweat & Tears in September.(29) Buffalo Springfield plays at the Big Top Historyland, Old Hayward, Wisconsin.August (1-6) The Buffalo Springfield join Richie Havens and Muddy Waters for a string of dates at the Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco.(8) The band records Stills’ Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman and Furay’s A Child’s Claim To Fame at Sunset Sound. Later in the day, the group performs at Whittier High School Auditorium, Whittier, where their concert is recorded (and used as part of bootleg Stampede). (11) The Buffalo Springfield appears at the Teen & Twenty Club, Huntington Beach, California with The Symbols and The Times. (12) Young is finally re-enlisted in The Buffalo Springfield after hanging around manager Dickie Davis’ office. Hastings is fired a few hours before the band’s second night at the Teen & Twenty Club. He will cover for Danny Weis in Iron Butterfly one night on the Sunset Strip before successfully auditioning for Elektra in-house studio band in early December, which evolves into Rhinoceros.(14) The Buffalo Springfield appear on TV show Mannix, where they perform Bluebird and For What It’s Worth.(14 & 18) Young submits several compositions and tapes for Springalo Toons. These include Extra Extra; a year old demo of One More Sign; Whiskey Boot Hill; Round & Round (which subsequently appears on his second solo album as Round & Round (It Won’t Be Long); High School Graduation and The Old Laughing Lady which is co-credited to Steve Stills (although it will appear as a Young composition on his debut solo album). Stills meanwhile submits a number of tracks from the autumn 1966 - winter 1967 sessions: Hello I’ve Returned, We’ll See, My Angel, Neighbour Don’t You Worry and Come On (Lover). Furay also contributes two tracks: the recent Nobody’s Fool recording and a demo of Can’t Keep Me Down, which he wrote in New York back in 1965). (16) Palmer’s replacement at the beginning of the year, Ken Koblun rejoins his former band 3’s a Crowd after playing with singer Elyse Weinberg’s O D Bodkins & Company.(18-19) The group takes part in the Kings Beach Bowl, Lake Tahoe, California with The Creators. (20) The band appears at the Hi Corbett Field, Tucson, Arizona with The Young Rascals, Dearly Beloved and The Floating Opera. Dewey Martin is joined by Miss America runner up, Jane Nelson (whom he recently met at concert in Phoenix) and they marry soon after.

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(24) Having worked on Love’s Forever Changes album (he co-arranges The Daily Planet with Arthur Lee) Young completes a number of songs that he has been putting together since May. One of these, Expecting To Fly is recorded at Sunset Sound with assistance from Richie Furay on backing vocals. (25) Stills’ Bluebird peaks at US #58. That night, the group performs at the Swing Auditorium, San Bernardino with Never So Few, Birmingham’s Small Arms Corporation, The Peppermint Trolley, Underground Society and The Light.(26) The group performs at the Anaheim Convention Centre, Anaheim, California with The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, The Association, The Young Men and The Sunshine Company.(30) Neil Young adds a lead guitar solo to Stills’ Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman, while David Crosby contributes an uncredited harmony vocal. Group also finish recording Furay’s A Child’s Claim To Fame with a guest dobro from James Burton. Doug Hastings’ contributions to both tracks are erased, although he does appear (uncredited) on the basic track of Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman. September (1) Buffalo Springfield begin work on Stills’ Hung Upside Down at Sunset Studios. At the sessions Sunset engineer Jim Messina assists Young in re-mixing the solo tapes he had cut during his summer absence from the band. (Principally, this involves work on Young’s epic Broken Arrow which features session pianist Don Randi alongside Young and fellow Springfield members Richie Furay and Dewey Martin). Later that evening The Buffalo Springfield perform at the Cheetah, Santa Monica with The Nazz and The Watts 103rd St Rhythm Band.(2) A second show takes place at the Cheetah.(5) Young copyrights The Rent Is Always Due, which was originally recorded in 1965. (29) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Campus Center Ballroom, State University of New York, Albany, opening for Janis Ian.(30) The band plays at Jamestown Community College Gym, Jamestown, New York.October Stills’ Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman, based upon a David Crosby vocal riff, reaches US #44.(6-7) The group appears at the Family Dogg in Denver, Colorado supported by The Eighth Penny Matter.(9) Buffalo Springfield complete a batch of songs intended for release on their second album. (This includes two new Richie Furay tracks; the acoustic folk song Sad Memory and the country/soul flavoured Good Time Boy (featuring Dewey Martin on lead vocal and The Louisiana Soul Train on horns).(20) Former Palmer substitute, Ken Koblun’s band, 3’s a Crowd performs at UCLA’s student union while recording their lone album for Dunhill Records. Sessions will wrap up on 8 November.(21) The Buffalo Springfield appears at Santa Rosa Fairgrounds Pavilion, Santa Rosa with Tomorrow Midnight, Mixed Company and The Arizona Subway. (30) Neil Young copyrights unreleased track Sell Out. Around this time Young also copyrights a number of tracks recorded in 1966: Down Down Down, There Goes My Babe and with Stills, Kahuna Sunset. November (3) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Swing Auditorium, National Orange Showgrounds, San Bernardino, California supported by The Yellow Payges, The Light and Canadian band, Mandala.(4) The band is supported by The Lewis & Clark Expedition and The Watts 103rd St Rhythm Band at the Earl Warren Showgrounds, Santa Barbara.

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(10) The Buffalo Springfield performs at Hamilton High School, Santa Monica, California with The Sunshine Company.(10-11) The group appears at the Shrine Exposition Hall, Los Angeles with The Grateful Dead and Blue Cheer. Show includes Young’s yet to be recorded Telephone Pole and a 30-minute version of Bluebird.(14) Neil Young’s Telephone Pole (featuring Richie Furay on lead vocal) is started at Columbia Studios. Young comes up with the title after Stills crashes his Ferrari around a telephone pole on route to the studio. The track is later re-titled On The Way Home and appears on the Springfield’s final album. Shortly afterwards, the band supports The Beach Boys on their annual Thanksgiving tour along with The Strawberry Alarm Clock, The Soul Survivors and The Pickle Brothers.(17) The Thanksgiving tour opens at the Masonic Auditorium, Detroit. On the same day, Neil Young’s replacement during the summer, Doug Hastings, rejoins The Daily Flash for a couple of shows in the Seattle area, starting off with a performance at the Hub Ballroom, Seattle. (18) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Athletic Centre, Le Moyne College, Syracruse, New York. Later that day, the band also appears at the Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York. On the same day, former member, Jim Fielder and his new band, Blood, Sweat & Tears debut at the Café Au Go Go in New York City, opening for Moby Grape.(19) The Buffalo Springfield play two shows – the first at Richmond Arena, Richmond, Virginia and the second at DAR Constitution Hall, Washington DC.(20) The band performs at Bushnell Memorial Hall, Hartford, Connecticut and then Fairfield University Gym, Fairfield, Connecticut.(21) Palmer becomes ill during the tour and Stills deputises at a gig at Westchester County Center, White Plains.(22) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Penn Theatre, Pittsburgh. On the same day, former member Doug Hastings plays the final Daily Flash show at the University of Washington, Seattle. (23) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Back Bay Theater in Boston.(24) The group plays at Rhode Island Auditorium, Providence, Rhode Island and then returns for another night at Boston’s Back Bay Theater.(25) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Fieldhouse West Point Military Academy, West Point, New York and then later Alumni Hall, St John’s University, Jamaica, New York.(26) The band plays its final shows of the tour. The first takes place at Walsh Auditorium, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey while the final show is at the Civic Center in Baltimore, Maryland.(30) Doug Hastings arrives at Paul Rothchild’s Laurel Canyon house for a meeting the next day, which will decide the band members for his project group, later to become known as Rhinoceros.December (1-2) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Euphoria, Brockton, Massachusettes with The Commonwealth Avenue.(7) The Buffalo Springfield return to the West Coast for a show at Earl Warren Showgrounds, Santa Barbara with Charlie Musselwhite, Three Dog Night and The Sields.(8) The group appears at the Governer’s Hall, California State Fairground, Sacramento with The Public Nuisance, Nate Shiner Blues Band and The Light Brigade.

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(9) The band’s second album Buffalo Springfield Again is released and reaches US #44; its sleeve lists people who have helped or inspired the group. In the evening, the group appears at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, Santa Monica with Blue Cheer, The Collectors, The Firesign Theater, The United States Of America and others. On the same day, the group begins work on Young’s Whatever Happened To Saturday Night (featuring Richie Furay on lead vocal) at Sunset Sound. Interestingly, the session does not feature Stephen Stills.(10-18) The group returns to Sunset Sound to continue work on Young’s Whatever Happened to Saturday Night. (13) The band continues work on Young’s On The Way Home but it is not completed.(15) The Buffalo Springfield play at Beau Brummel’s in Phoenix, Arizona.(17) Stills and Martin add guitar and drums to Peter Tork’s Lady’s Baby which is intended for release on The Monkees’ The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees but is later omitted.(19) The band performs at the Exhibition Hall, Community Concourse, San Diego State College with The Brain Police.(21-23) The Group appears at the Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco alongside The Collectors and Hour Glass (later The Allman Brothers). During one of the gigs, Palmer quits the band and walks off the stage leaving Stills to take up the bass. He is coaxed back for the next night but quits again during the set. (Segments of the show are filmed for a TV special, The Sights And Sounds Of San Francisco which is aired in early 1968. The programme also includes The Electric Flag and Richie Havens). (24) Around this time, the band appears at the fanzine Teenset’s annual Christmas party at Topanga Plaza Ice Skating Rink with The Merry Go Round, Hearts & Flowers and others. Group also appears on The Joey Bishop TV show, where it is joined by Mickey Dolenz of The Monkees.(29) Buffalo Springfield play at the San Jose Civic Auditorium, San Jose with The Soul Survivors and Giant Sunflower.(31) The band performs at the Cheetah in Venice, Santa Monica, where they are supported by The Seeds, Smokestack Lightning and The Lollipop Shoppe.

(1968)January Teenset magazine announce that the Springfield are to be included in TV special (to be aired in March) called Popendipity.(1) Having brought the tape of Young’s On The Way Home over from Columbia, the group works with engineer Jim Messina to overdub on the master take. Messina adds horns and strings scored by arranger Jeremy Stuart. (2) A number of recordings are mixed for possible use on the band’s third album. They include two instrumentals by the group: Raga 1 and Raga 2 and Young’s Whatever Happened To Saturday Nite (which features Richie Furay on lead vocal). (3) Stills begins work on the hard rock number, Special Care at Sunset Sound, abetted by Electric Flag drummer Buddy Miles. He plays all of the instruments (with the exception of drums) and supplies the harmony vocals. Sessions for the track will continue on and off to 20 January.(6) The Buffalo Springfield play at The Earl Warren Showgrounds in Santa Barbara, California supported by Charles Lloyd and Turquoise.(10) Neil Young invites Buddy Miles to play drums on his song in progress, Falcon Lake, which also known as Ash On The Floor. The track is recorded at one session at Columbia Studios and features only Stills and Young from the band. An instrumental, the track is abandoned until 4 June when Jim Messina engineers the final overdubs. Young later uses the melody for Here We Are In The Years on his debut solo album.

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(12) The group plays at the Purple Haze club, Riverside, California with The Caretakers.(13) The band performs at the San Diego International Sports Arena with The Turtles, The Byrds, The Box Tops, The Rose Garden and various others.(20) Neil Young’s majestic Expecting To Fly is lifted from the new album and reaches US #98. The single’s disappointing position leads to Young’s quiet withdrawal from the band. He will contribute very little to the February sessions. The band plays at Whittier High School Auditorium, Whittier with Wahler and The Hard Men.(21) The group appears at the Cheetah, Santa Monica, California, with The Turtles, Brewer & Shipley, The Grass Roots, Jose Feliciano, Pacific Gas & Electric, The Fraternity of Man, The Joint Effort and various others.(22) Furay begins work on his song What A Day, which features Stills on lead vocals and Furay on background vocals. The session features studio bass player Carol Kaye and various other session players. Doug Dillard is rumoured to have provided the banjo. The track is completed in early February and later appears on Poco’s debut album. (25) Stills and Martin both contribute to The Monkees’ forthcoming album Head appearing on Peter Tork’s Do I Have To Do This All Over Again.(26) The group performs at the Campus Hall, University Of California, Irvine, California with Canned Heat and The Revelation. After the concert, Palmer is arrested (on two separate occasions) for possession of drugs and is subsequently sent to an immigration camp at El Centro. He stays at the camp for two weeks before being deported to Canada. (Palmer apparently briefly plays in a group called Buckwheat in California with Jim Glover ex-Jim & Jean and drummer Bruce Gary.)(28) Martin contributes to Peter Tork’s Can You Dig It? which also appears on The Monkees’ Head album. Stills and Furay audition former The Au Go Go Singers’ bassist Michael Scott but he fails to impress them and on the recommendation of Young, the band employs recording engineer Jim Messina (b. December 5, 1947, Maywood, California, US) as Bruce Palmer’s replacement. Messina has previously fronted surf combo Jim Messina & The Jesters and worked as a session musician at A&M Records. (He has played lead guitar on The Parade’s Sunshine Girl and The Deep Six’s The Rising Sun, and worked on sessions for Brewer & Shipley’s debut album Down In L.A.). Within days of joining, Messina oversees sessions for a number of tracks that sees the group members recording separately from the others. Dewey Martin starts work on a version of Otis Redding’s Fa-Fa-Fa, which is not completed. Furay begins work on recording In The Hour of Not Quite Rain, with lyrics by Micki Callen and I Guess You Made It. Around this time, Stills starts recording Uno Mundo, which only features Furay and Martin. February (1) With Jim Messina on board, the band appears at College Gym, Rainer Hall, Everett Community College, Everett, Washington with The Beach Boys.(4) The Buffalo Springfield support The Beach Boys at Capital Pavilion, St Martin’s College, Lacey, Washington with The Surprise Package.(5) Neil Young records his country song, I Am A Child by himself at Sunset Sound. Young employs former Rising Sons bass player Gary Marker and Dewey Martin, who is located playing a Monkees session down the road but is on a break, to provide the other instruments. (9) The group appears for a free concert at California State University Gym, Los Angeles.(10) The band plays at the Rainbow Ballroom, Fresno, California with The New Life.(11) The Buffalo Springfield appear at Las Vegas Ice House, Las Vegas, Nevada.

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(12) Dewey Martin contributes to Peter Tork’s unreleased Tear The Top Right Off My Head at RCA Victor studios, Los Angeles. Shortly afterwards, Martin and Stills appear on Tork’s Come On In (an out-takes from The Monkees’ album The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees).(14) The band goes to the Whisky-A-Go-Go on Valentine’s night along with The Mamas & The Papas, David Crosby and John Sebastian to see The Hollies perform.(15) Stills records his song Four Days Gone at Sunset Sound. He is joined by Neil Young and session players Elliott Franks (drums) and Donald Bagley (bass), who help complete the track.(16) Stills returns to the studio to record Questions and provides most of the instruments. The only other players are Richie Furay on rhythm guitar and drummer Jimmy Carstein. The track is completed on 21 February. On the same day, Richie Furay records his song, Merry Go Round with Stills and Carstein in attendance. Further sessions take place in early March when Jeremy Stuart scores and overdubs calliope, harpsichord and bells. (26) Session logs reveal that Furay records his song Can’t Keep Me Down (later recorded by Poco as Do You Feel It Too?) at Sunset Sound. Around this time Furay and Messina fly to New York to complete the album without any distractions. Only Dewey Martin from the band joins them but is rarely in the studio. While in New York, Furay records his song Can’t Seem To Get Movin’ which features Neil Young’s additional lyrics to the bridge and several New York jazz players. He also records Kind Woman with New York jazz bass player Richard Davis and completes In The Hour of Not Quite Rain. Jeremy Stuart writes an orchestral score which is overdubbed back in Los Angeles in early March. Furay and Messina try and cut Messina’s Carefree Country Day with Dewey Martin on lead vocal but he is too drunk to sing it and so Messina sings the lead vocal. Stills later cuts the scat vocal at the end back in Los Angeles. March (6) Ex-Boenzee Cryque member Rusty Young overdubs his steel guitar to Richie Furay’s Kind Woman to complete the track. (9) The Richie Furay/Neil Young collaboration Can’t Seem To Get Movin’ is delivered to Atlantic Records and released as It’s So Hard To Wait on the Springfield’s final album.(15) Young announces his decision to leave the band after it has completed its touring commitments.(15-16) The group performs at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles.(20) The band mixes Stills’ Latin-charged rocker Uno Mundo and Furay’s Merry-Go-Round. Later that day, Richie Furay (and his wife Nancy), Jim Messina, Neil Young and Eric Clapton are among 15 people arrested after an informal jam in Topanga Canyon is raided by the police. The members involved are arrested for ‘being in a place where it is suspected marijuana is being used’ and are eventually bailed after 12 hours in police custody. The court hearing (held six days later) warns that if they are found guilty, each should pay a $600 fine and face a six month prison sentence. (In May the charges are reduced to ‘disturbing the peace’ and each member receives a small fine).(22-23) The band is due to appear at the Kaleidoscope (previously the Hullabaloo), Hollywood alongside The Jefferson Airplane but drop out when Young announces his decision to leave.(24) The final night at the Kaleidoscope goes ahead with Young’s consent. Young introduces two new songs, Birds and The Last Trip To Tulsa, which are later recorded for Young’s eponymous debut solo album and 1970 release After The Goldrush.

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Earlier in the day, the band appeared at a benefit for the Radio Strike Fund for disc jockeys at KPPC Pasadena and KMPX San Francisco with Jefferson Airplane, Steppenwolf, Clear Light, H.P. Lovecraft, Sweetwater, The Quicksilver Messenger Service and others.(27) Neil Young records the unreleased Birds at Sunset Sound with Stills, Furay, Messina and drummer Jimmy Carstein. (29) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Cal Poly College Gym, Pomona, California with October County and The Union Gap.April Stills’ Uno Mundo reaches US #105.(4) The group hires The Beach Boys’ manager Nick Grillo while supporting them on The Buffalo Springfield’s final tour with The Strawberry Alarm Clock. The tour is due to open in Nashville, Tennessee on April 5, but is cancelled when Martin Luther King is assassinated the day before. The ensuing civil disorder gives promoters cold feet and a large number of subsequent dates are also erased from the original schedule. In the end only a handful of dates are honoured (mainly in Florida); the group loses a reported $7,000 in revenue and is virtually bankrupt. (6) The Buffalo Springfield plays at Minges Colieseum, East Carolina University, North Carolina.(7) The band appears at Clemson Field House, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.(8) The group performs at Charleston County Hall, Charleston, South Carolina.(9) During a gig at George Jenkins Field House at Florida Southern College, Lakeland, Young has one of his worst epileptic seizures. The band plays a second show at The Sports Stadium in Orlando and then a final show at the Memorial Stadium at Daytona College, Daytona Beach, Florida.(10) The band performs two shows – one at the Veterans Coliseum in Jacksonville, Florida and the second at Florida Field, the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.(13) The Buffalo Springfield plays at Roberts Sports Arena, Sarasota, Florida with Bobby Goldsboro added to the bill. They then play a second show at Curtis Hixon Hall in Tampa, Florida.(14) The group performs at an Outdoor Stadium, Florida Atlantic College, Fort Lauderdale, Florida before moving on to play at Miami Beach Convention Hall, Miami Beach, Florida with Bobby Goldsboro added to the bill.(15) The Buffalo Springfield appear at the Municipal Auditorium in San Antonio, Texas and then the Municipal Auditorium in Austin, Texas.(18) The group plays at John M Parker Agricultural Center in Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana and later that day at Loyola Fieldhouse, Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana.(19) The band appears at the Municipal Auditorium in Birmingham, Alabama.(20) The Buffalo Springfield perform at the Will Rogers Memorial Coliseum, Fort Worth, Texas with Bobby Goldsboro also on the bill. He also joins the tour for a second show at the Market Hall, Dallas, Texas.(21) Moving on to Galveston, Texas, the band plays at the Moody Civic Center. Afterwards, it appears for a second show at McDonald Gym at Lamar College, Beaumont, Texas. A third show takes place later at Sam Houston Coliseum, Houston, Texas.(22) The Buffalo Springfield play at the Municipal Auditorium in Lubbock, Texas.(23) The group travels to Raleigh, North Carolina for a show at the Dorton Arena, North Carolina State Fairgrounds.

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(24) The final show of the tour takes place at the Mid-South Coliseum in Memphis, Tennessee. (26) The band plays at the Arizona State Fairgrounds, Phoenix, Arizona with Kenny O’Dell and Brenton Wood.(27) The Buffalo Springfield appear at Hi Corbett Field, Tuscon, Arizona with Kenny O’Dell.(28) The Buffalo Springfield are supported by The Illinois Speed Press and Hamilton Street Car at the Valley Music Theatre, Tarzana, California.May (3) The group performs at the Peterson Gym, San Diego State College, San Diego with The Electric Flag and Jello’s Gas Band.(4) The group appears at the Merchandise Mart, Old State Fairgrounds, Sacramento alongside The Quicksilver Messenger Service, H.P. Lovecraft, Mojo, The Vejtables and Yukon Daily.(5) The Buffalo Springfield perform their final gig at Long Beach Sports Arena, Long Beach alongside Country Joe & The Fish, Canned Heat, Smokestack Lightning and The Hook. The band’s final set comprises: Rock ‘N’ Roll Woman; A Child’s Claim To Fame; Nowadays Clancy Can’t Even Sing; Good Time Boy; Mr Soul; Uno Mundo; For What It’s Worth and Bluebird. (After the band’s demise, Stills is the first to surface, playing a multitude of sessions including an appearance on Al Kooper’s Super Session album. Martin meanwhile announces his intention to launch a project with his wife, Jane. The planned duo fails to materialise and, Martin and his wife spend most of their time playing golf and relaxing. (10) Young contributes lead guitar to The Monkees track You & I which later appears on the album Instant Replay. He also plays on The Monkees’ single As We Go Along, which surfaces later that year in the film Head and adds guitar to Davy Jones’s Smile, which is not released. On the same day the Stills/Young collaboration Kahuna Sunset is copyrighted.(29-30) Dates arranged for the Fillmore West are cancelled as Billy Graham is unable to convince the members of the band to reform despite lucrative offers.June Neil Young contributes music to the Hal Bartlett movie Changes.(16) Neil Young’s replacement in the summer of 1967, Doug Hastings appears with a new group, Rhinoceros, who debut at the Kaleidoscope alongside Love and Taj Mahal.July (18) Furay and Messina posthumously release the band’s final album Last Time Around which makes US #42. (Album features left-over tracks spanning the group’s career and includes some of Stills’ best work, such as Four Days Gone - a song about a draft dodger- and the rock song Questions, which Stills later uses as part of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s Carry On. Furay also contributes one of the group’s most ambitious songs, the eerie In The Hour Of Not Quite Rain, which features lyrics by Micki Callen - Teenset magazine’s winner of ‘write the song for The Buffalo Springfield’ competition). August Furay and Messina form country/rock band Pogo (which will later become Poco) with steel guitarist Rusty Young and his Colorado friends George Grantham (drums/vocals) and Randy Meisner (bass/vocals). Furay’s Kind Woman makes US #107.September Martin forms a new group to support him on the road, based around four musicians that he’d spotted playing in a club in Phoenix, Arizona – lead guitarist Gary Rowles (b. January 24, 1943, New York), drummer/vocalist Don Poncher (b. July 29, 1947, Chicago, Illinois), horn player Jim Price (b. Fort Worth, Texas) and studio bass player Bob Apperson. Returning to L.A., the group is completed with Monkees’

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associate David Price (b. September 23, 1944, Ballinger, Texas) on rhythm guitar and vocals, who has played with the band Armadillo. October Martin’s band drives up to Boulder, Colorado to rehearse and plays three weeks at a diner. During the first week, the group opens for The Everly Brothers. (23-28) Neil Young plays at the Bitter End, New York with Joni Mitchell and Tom Flanders.(24) Having debuted earlier in the month on the Monday “Hoot” night, Richie Furay and Jim Messina’s new band, Pogo, plays at the Troubadour, West Hollywood billed as RFD.(26) Young’s On The Way Home (featuring Furay on lead vocal) belatedly stalls at US #82.November (12) Neil Young emerges with debut solo album which includes contributions from Pogo members Jim Messina and George Grantham.(16) Dewey Martin’s band (calling themselves The New Buffalo Springfield) performs its debut concert at the HIC, Honolulu, Hawaii with The Turtles. Shortly afterwards, the group appears at San Diego’s Exhibit Hall, the Community Concourse. Other dates include supporting The Sir Douglas Quintet in Salt Lake City and Iron Butterfly in Albuquerque, New Mexico. (19) – December (1) Pogo plays at the Troubadour, West Hollywood with Biff Rose.(6) New Bufalo Springfield play at the Swing Auditorium, San Bernandino, California with Eric Burdon & The Animals. (8) Stills is the last member to form post Springfield band with ex-Byrd David Crosby and Graham Nash of The Hollies. (The group is later joined by Neil Young in May 1969).(23) Martin’s band, billed as Buffalo Springfield, plays at the Evergreen Ballroom in Olympia, Washington with White Hearts.(26) The New Buffalo Springfield make their Bay area debut performing at the Holiday Rock Festival, Cow Palace, San Francisco with Steppenwolf, Canned Heat and The Electric Prunes. (26-29) Pogo plays at the Fillmore West, San Francisco, California with The Steve Miller Band and Sly & The Family Stone.

(1969)January (11) Martin’s band, billed as Buffalo Springfield appears at the San Diego Sports Arena, San Diego, California. Stills and Young subsequently issue an injunction preventing Martin from using the name. Martin who has issued a counter claim, loses the case and his royalties. This doesn’t stop him from touring using the New Buffalo Springfield banner, and sometimes billing the group, Buffalo Springfield.(28) – February (2) Neil Young plays at Le Hibou, Ottawa.(4-9) Poco appears at the Troubadour, West Hollywood, California with Steve Gillette while Neil Young appears at the Riverboat in Toronto. (12-17) Neil Young & Crazy Horse performs at the Bitter End in New York.(22) Billboard magazine announce that Martin’s New Buffalo Springfield are due to release an album (which never appears). Around this time, Martin’s band undergoes various personnel changes as horn player Jim Price leaves to join Leon Russell and then Delaney and Bonnie, while Apperson resumes session work and Rowles rejoins Nooney Rickett (and later Love). Martin and Dave Price are joined by former Bobby Fuller Four member, Randy Fuller (b. January 29, 1944, Hobbs, New Mexico) on bass and vocals and Bob “B J” Jones on lead guitar (b. November 9, 1942, Woodbury, New Jersey), who are found through Augie Meyer of Sir Douglas Quintet.

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March The new quartet records some material in a Hollywood studio but it is never released. Producer Tom Dowd oversees one of the sessions. (11-16) Neil Young & Crazy Horse plays at the Troubadour, West Hollywood. (31) – April (2) New Buffalo Springfield are one of the headlining acts at the Teen Expo, Santa Clara Fairgrounds, San Jose with Iron Butterfly and Santana.April Compilation album Retrospective/Best Of The Buffalo Springfield is issued and peaks at US #42.May (12-17) Poco appears at the Bitter End, New York.(23-24) Neil Young & Crazy Horse plays at the Felt Forum, New York with Deep Purple, Crazy Elephant and Bill Dean & The Rhondells.(31) Martin’s group, billed as New Buffalo Springfield plays at the Eureka Municipal Auditorium in Eureka, California with Mixed Company Coffee and Devine Madness. The band also tours as Blue BuffaloJune New Buffalo Springfield is joined by lead guitarist Joey Newman (b. August 29, 1947, Seattle, Washington), who has previously played with Northwest outfits, Don & The Good Times, The Liberty Party and L.A band, Touch. Bruce Palmer, who has spent most of 1968 sorting out legal problems, joins Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young.(11) During Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s first rehearsal together, they jam on an early version of Graham Nash and Terry Reid’s Man With No Expression, which is later retitled Horses Through A Rainstorm, and a new electric version of Stills’ Helplessly Hoping.(13) Poco plays at the Hollywood Palladium, Hollywood, California with The Who and Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band.(15) Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young record Stills’ Helplessly Hoping at Sunwest Studios. It will appear 22 years later on the CSN boxed set. (17-22) Taking time off Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young duties, Neil Young & Crazy Horse appears at the Troubadour, West Hollywood with Camp Hilltop.(21) Martin’s band, billed as Buffalo Springfield, appears at Chehalis Civic Auditorium, Chehalis, Washington with Slugg. July (3-5) Poco plays at the Eagles Auditorium, Seattle, Washington. (5) Billed as Buffalo Springfield, Martin’s group appears at the Evergreen Ballroom, Olympia, Washington.(8-9) New Buffalo Springfield plays at the Seattle Center Arena with Paul Revere & The Raiders. (11) Martin’s group appears at the Breakthru in Tacoma, Washington.(19) New Buffalo Springfield performs at the Happening in Seattle, Washington. August Martin is fired from New Buffalo Springfield (who changed name to Blue Mountain Eagle) and signs a solo deal with Uni Records.(2) Palmer is fired by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young and is replaced by Greg Reeves. (16) Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young make their debut at the Auditorium Theater, Chicago, Illinois with Joni Mitchell.September Dewey Martin records a solo record with help from session musicians including guitarist James Burton. A cover of the country favourite Jambalaya (On The Bayou) backed by Martin’s Ala-Bam is given limited release.October After approaching Don Hall and Mike Curb from MGM, Palmer signs a solo contract with subsidiary label Verve Forecast and begins work on a solo album. The sessions (which eventually total 32!) feature contributions from Big Black, as well as old Toronto friends Ricky James Matthews and Ed Roth, and instrumental support from Kaleidoscope members Paul Lagos, Fenrus Epp, Jeff Kaplan and Richard Aplanalp.

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December Having approached former Rose Garden guitarist John Noreen (b. August 13, 1950, Los Angeles) to form a new band and done some tentative recordings including When The Telephone Rings and Sittin’ Here Thinkin’, Martin decides instead to recruit lead guitarist Billy Darnell (b. Michigan, US) who he had first met in late 1967. Darnell has previously played with Hollywood band, The Orphans and done sessions for Dave Allens & The Arrows. December Together they form Medicine Ball with former Merilee Rush & The Turnabouts bass player Terry Gregg (b. March 18, 1945, Port Angeles, Washington, US). The group is completed with singer/songwriter and guitarist Ray Chafin (b. December 26, 1940, Williamson, West Virginia, US), who has recorded for the LHI and Tower labels and co-written songs for singer Dobie Gray and keyboard player/singer Peter Bradstreet (b. April 12, 1947, Oak Park, Illinois, US), who has been playing in a trio with John Alden and Dave Garrison and is introduced to Martin by Ray Chafin. Chafin has just worked on a Turnabouts session with Bradstreet and Gregg.

(1970)February After recording his song The Devil & Me, Chafin leaves and is briefly replaced by guitarist Bob Stamps. (15) Having joined Toronto R&B band Luke & The Apostles a few weeks earlier, Palmer appears with the group at Massey Hall, Toronto, opening for Johnny Winter.(20) Luke & The Apostles appear at WM L MacKenzie Collegiate, Toronto.(21) Luke & The Apostles play at WA Porter Collegiate, Toronto. After this show, Palmer leaves the band. April Gregg and Stamps leave after further recordings and are replaced by ex-Sir Douglas Quintet bass player Harvey Kagan (b. April 18, 1946, Texas, US) and former New Buffalo Springfield/Blue Mountain Eagle member Randy Fuller on rhythm guitar and vocals. Further recordings are made before Fuller and Kagan depart. The album is completed with help from session steel player Buddy Emmons and ex-Danny Cox bass player Stephen Lefever. August Dewey Martin releases a single Indian Child which flops. Bradstreet leaves (later rejoining Darnell in Doug Kershaw’s road band) and Darnell and Martin reform Medicine Ball with bass player Tom Levy and former solo artist and ex-Alexander’s Timeless Blooze Band member Charles Lamont on piano and vocals. The group breaks up soon afterwards.October Martin issues an intriguing country/soul album Dewey Martin’s Medicine Ball (featuring fellow ex-Buffalo Springfield member Bruce Palmer on his own Recital Palmer) which fails to chart. Martin, abetted by session musicians, records a last ditched effort, single Caress Me Pretty Music for RCA, which is another chart failure. Martin quits the music business to become a mechanic. Uni Records meanwhile uses the group for the soundtrack to the film Angels Die Hard.December (5) Rock band Yellow Hand hit US #120 with a version of Neil Young’s Down To The Wire.

(1971)March Bruce Palmer releases solo album The Cycle Is Complete which features contributions from Rick James and various ex-members of Kaleidoscope. Shortly afterwards he signs a deal with former Buffalo Springfield manager Charlie Stone’s new label, Green Bottle Records, but is later released from his contract without recording. Martin meanwhile, produces an album by Truk called Truk Tracks.

(1972)

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July On a Los Angeles radio show, Stills states that a possible reunion album with Neil Young and Richie Furay is being considered. Rumours of a fully fledged Springfield reunion spread but nothing transpires.

(1973)February The rumours persist that Buffalo Springfield will reform when Young and Stills’ managers Elliot Roberts and David Geffen sign Richie Furay’s band, Poco.April (12) Rolling Stone magazine report that the group is about to reform. December Double Compilation Buffalo Springfield, featuring an elongated version of Bluebird, is issued and reaches US #104.

(1974)July (6) A proposed gig at Los Angeles Coloseum, featuring a reformed Buffalo Springfield, Byrds and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young fails to materialise. Martin returns to his day job as a mechanic while Palmer joins a Sikh sect in Toronto.

(1975)May (18) Dewey Martin takes legal action against Steve Stills and Neil Young. He claims that he signed away his interests in The Buffalo Springfield under duress, and is seeking retroactive royalties from Atlantic and his fellow members since 1968.

(1977)Bruce Palmer forms the Toronto band Village, which includes former Kensington Market member Keith McKie and guitarist Stan Endersby, who has played with local groups Just Us, The Tripp, Livingstone’s Journey, Heaven and Earth (with Rick James) and Pete Quaife’s (of The Kinks) Mapleoak. November (12-13) The group makes its debut at the Turning Point, Toronto. The band continues to perform locally, but never records.

(1980)Picc-A-Dilly, a subsidiary of First American Records Inc, issues Dewey Martin solo album One Buffalo Heard, a collection of singles from Sir Walter Raleigh & The Coupons.

(1982)April Palmer schedules a reunion of the Buffalo Springfield but a Canadian Music Awards ceremony in Toronto prevents Young from joining the others. July (13) As an apology Young recruits Bruce Palmer for his Trans tour. The Trans Band debuts at the Catalyst in Santa Cruz, California. Palmer however, is sacked after the performance due to his drinking habit. He is replaced for the following six dates by ex-Moby Grape bass player Bob Mosley.August (31) Palmer is reinstated for the group’s European tour after promising to curb his drinking. The tour commences at the Parc Des Sports, Annecy, France and concludes on October 19 at the Deutschlandhalle in Berlin. After the tour finishes, Palmer returns to Toronto.November Palmer is featured on Young’s new album Trans.

(1983)May Palmer and Endersby form Music with ex-Heavy Wood singer Frank Wilks and drummer Dominic Siorda.June (8) Music debuts at Isabella’s Lower East Side in Toronto. The group’s repertoire consists of Wilks’ compositions, old Buffalo Springfield favourites and many of Neil Young’s best known songs. The group soon changes name to The Springfield Band.

(1985)Palmer, Endersby and Wilks form the tribute band Buffalo Springfield Revisited with local Toronto musicians Bob Fredrickson (guitar), Harlan Spector (keyboards) and

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Alan Posser (drums). The group spends the next two years touring the US, appearing at nightclubs, fairs and festivals. Towards the end of the year, Buffalo Springfield’s drummer Dewey Martin replaces Posser.

(1986)February (24) Buffalo Springfield Revisited play at the Vietnam Veterans Benefit at the Forum, Inglewood, Los Angeles. The show features old hits: Mr Soul; A Child’s Claim To Fame; On The Way Home and For What It’s Worth.April (15) Stills joins Buffalo Springfield Revisited at L.A’s Palomino club. July The original line-up of the band reconvenes at Stills’ house to rehearse new songs, including Neil Young’s Road To Plenty - a prototype of Eldorado. August (18) On the syndicated radio service Rockline Neil Young announces that The Buffalo Springfield are having regular meetings to see whether a re-union is possible.

(1987)January (17) New York radio station WNEW claim that the original band have reformed and are currently recording an album. Like the earlier rumours, nothing comes of it. Dewey Martin meanwhile briefly drops out of the tribute band to play with Rick Roberts and Randy Meisner before going into semi-retirement. By this time the line-up is Wilks, Palmer, Endersby, guitarist Bob Fredrickson and keyboardist Harlan Spector. Young auditions Martin and Palmer for his Blue Notes but by late 1988 the group and any future reunions are shelved.

(1991)Martin forms a new line-up of Buffalo Springfield for touring purposes. The group features former Medicine Ball lead guitarist Bill Darnell (who has since gone on to play with The Byrds tribute band among others), guitarist/vocalist Michael Curtis (ex-Crazy Horse) and Englishman Robin Lamble, from Al Stewart’s band.December (31) The Springfield celebrate the new year at the Rio Suite Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas.

(1992)March (22) The same line-up performs at the Hop in Los Angeles.(March 30-May 5) Martin’s group holds down a residence at the Gold River Hotel in Laughin, Nevada. Furay takes legal action to prevent Martin from using the name and soon afterwards Martin drops out of the business due to ill health. He will spend most of his time designing a drum rim and trying to negotiate his former royalties from Neil Young and Steve Stills. Group members Darnell and Lamble meanwhile form country-rock group Electric Range with former Medicine Ball member Pete Bradstreet.

(1997)May (6) The Buffalo Springfield sans Neil Young are inducted into the Rock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio at the 12th Annual Induction Ceremony. However, Young and Stills’ behaviour dampens the occasion. Young’s absence (apparently he feels that VH1’s coverage has cheapened the celebration), causes resentment from the others, while Stills’ intransigence (he refuses to rehearse for the ceremony) and his strong dislike for Dewey Martin (whose royalties he owns), means the band’s induction is a soured event.July Buffalo Springfield’s debut album is released in re-mastered form with both mono and stereo mixes. The group’s second and third albums are also released in re-mastered form.

(2004)October (1) Bruce Palmer dies after a long illness.

(2009)

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January (31) Dewey Martin dies at his home in Van Nuys, California.

Sources: Doggett, Peter. Buffalo Springfield, Record Collector, issue 142, 1991.Doggett, Peter. Looking Back at 1967, Record Collector, issue 155, 1992.Downing, David. A Dreamer of Pictures, Neil Young - The Man And His Music. Bloomsbury, 1994.Einarson, John. Aurora - The Story Of Neil Young & The Squires. WPC Ltd, 1991.Einarson, John with Furay, Richie. For What it’s Worth - The Story Of Buffalo Springfield. Quarry Press, 1997.Einarson, John. Don’t Be Denied - Neil Young, The Canadian Years. Quarry Press Ltd, Omnibus Press, 1992.Einarson, John. Buffalo Springfield’s Last Time Around – A Re-appraisal, Broken Arrow fanzine, 2009. Grushkin, Paul D. The Art Of Rock - Posters From Presley To Punk. Artabras, Cross River Press Ltd, 1987.Hardy, Phil and Laing, Dave. Encyclopedia of Rock Volume 2 – From Liverpool to San Francisco. Panther Books, 1976.

Hogg, Brian. Sleeve notes to Love’s Out Here, CD re-issue. Hogg, Brian. Love. Record Collector, issue 29.

Hounsome, Terry. Rock Record 6. Record Researchers Publications, 1994.Housden, David Peter. The Castle - Love #2, 1993.Jenkins, Alan. Broken Arrow - Neil Young’s Appreciation Society, issues 47,48,50, 51, 67 and 71.Joynson, Vernon. Fuzz, Acid And Flowers. Borderline Productions, 1993.Koepp, David. Buffalo Springfield - A Trouser Press Retrospective. Trouser Press, January 1979.Long, Pete. Ghosts On The Road - Neil Young in Concert. Old Homestead Press, 1996.Long, Pete. Sleeve notes to Buffalo Springfield CD boxset, 2001.MacLean, Hugh and Joynson, Vernon. An American Rock History - California (1963-1985). Borderline Productions, 1993.Paul McGrath. Old Ghosts Arise, the Toronto Globe & Mail, November 14, 1977, page 14.Rees, Dafydd and Crampton, Rees. Book Of Rock Stars 3rd Edition. Guinness Books, 1994.Robertson, John. Neil Young, The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press, 1994.Rogan, Johnny. Neil Young - The Definitive Story Of His Musical Career. Proteus Books, 1982.Rogan, Johnny. CSNY - The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press, 1996.Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn’s Pop Annual 1955-1994. Billboard Research Inc, 1995.Zimmer, Dave. Crosby, Stills & Nash. Omnibus Press, 1984.

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Sleeve notes to The Monkees’ albums: Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd, Head, Instant Replay & Missing Links Vol 3. Rhino reissues.‘The Dick Clark Column.’ Teenset, Vol 10, #1, January 1968.Teenset newsletter, circa August 1968.Billboard, November 16, 1968, page 67; December 28, 1968, page 43 and February 22, 1969, page 3.Electric Range information: http://smokehouserecords.com/story.html

Thanks also to Richard Patterson (of 3’s a Crowd fame) for passing on information about Stan Endersby’s group Just Us, to Bill Munson for information about Bruce Palmer’s band Village, David Elliott for making some valuable corrections and Carny Corbett.

If anyone can provide any further information regarding Buffalo Springfield’s career or has any corrections to make please contact me at: [email protected].

Copyright © Nick Warburton, 1999. Updated 2008. No part of this article may be reproduced or transmitted in any from or by any means, without prior permission from the author


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