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Bullying Prevention & Intervention – Module II

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Bullying Prevention & Intervention – Module II. Training for LPSS Faculty & Staff 2013-2014. Module 2: Ensuring Safe & Supportive School Settings. Objectives:. Review policies & laws regarding bullying and individual responsibility for reporting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Bullying Prevention & Intervention Module IITraining for LPSS Faculty & Staff2013-2014

Module 2:Ensuring Safe & Supportive School Settings

Objectives:

Review policies & laws regarding bullying and individual responsibility for reporting

Review definition of bullying and how bullying can impact a students mental health

Consider what a positive climate/culture looks like and how it can prevent bullying behavior

Correlate PBIS practices with Bullying Prevention

Examine the role of adult-to-student relationships in building a supportive classroom climate

LA ACT 861- 2012

The purpose of Act 861 is to ensure that all school districts have and maintain a uniform policy to provide equal protection, for all Louisiana public school students, against bullying. This Act is known as the "Tesa Middlebrook Anti-Bullying Act.

Act 861 In Summary

The principal/designee of each school in the LEA must establish and prominently publicize to students, staff, volunteers, and parents/legal guardians, how a report of bullying may be filed and how this report will be acted upon. The form developed by the LDE must be accepted as a report of bullying.

All school employees and parents chaperoning or supervising school-sponsored functions and events are required to report alleged violations of this policy to the principal or the principals designee. A verbal report must be reported on the same day as the employees or parents witnessed or otherwise learned of the incident and a written report must be filed no later than two days thereafter.

To view detailed information on Act 861:

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1t0_Z_CxfiyA0Atm4_9OEpODVMtxOEigxZLulkx3cBsg/edit?usp=sharing

Colleague Letter Office of Civil Rights - 2010

School districts may violate a students civil rights when peer harassment based on race, color, national origin, sex, or disability is sufficiently serious that it creates a hostile environment and such harassment is encouraged, tolerated, not adequately addressed, or ignored by school employees.School personnel who understand their legal obligations to address harassment under these laws are in the best position to prevent it from occurring and to respond appropriately when it does.

The statutes that Office of Civil Rights enforces include:Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national originTitle IX of the Education Amendments of 1972(Title IX), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexSection 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973(Section 504) and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II) which prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability

Bullying Defined

Bullying is a form of youth violence that includes:Unwanted, aggressive behaviorA real or perceived imbalance of power between the student(s) doing the bullying and the student(s) being bulliedBehavior that is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time-stopbullying.gov Possible Effects of BeingBullied

Have lower self-esteemGreater lonelinessGreater anxietyMore depressionMay harm themselvesHave high levels of suicidal thoughtsAttempt suicideWant to avoid schoolHave lower academic achievement

-stopbullying.gov Prevent Bullying Behavior

In our last module, we learned:how to identify bullying behaviorhow to intervenehow to report itPeer mediation, school-wide assemblies & Zero Tolerance policies do not PREVENT bullying

What are best-practice strategies for PREVENTING bullying behavior?

Promoting a POSITIVE School Climate/CultureSchool Climate/Culture

Definition:A groups shared beliefs, customs and behavior which drive how people interact, solve problems and make decisions

Why is Climate/Culture Important?Positive learning can only take place in a positive culture. A healthy school culture will affect more student and teacher success than any other reform or school improvement effort currently being employed. -modelprograms.comBenefits of PositiveClimate/Culture

Fosters effort and productivityImproves collegial and collaborative activitiesSupports successful change and improvement effortsBuilds commitmentAmplifies energy and motivates staff & studentsFocuses attention and daily behavior on what is important and valued

-modelprogram.com Benefits of PositiveClimate/Culture

Research shows that in a positive school climate, students:Do better academically.Attend school more regularly.Feel better about themselves.Engage in fewer risky behaviors like drinking alcohol or using drugs.Engage less in bullying and other problem behaviors.-modelprogram.com Positive Climate/Cultureis Established Through:

ExpectationsRelationshipsCurricular focusExtra-curricular activitiesDecision-making processes-modelprogram.com Toxic School Climate/Culture:

Expectations are lowTeachers, families, studentsRelationships are negativeStaff to staff, staff to students, students to studentsStaff blame students for not being successfulCommunity blames the school for poor outcomesExhibit a sense of depression/frustrationLack of shared sense of purpose efforts are fragmented-modelprogram.com

Bully Prevention in a Positive Behavior Support System

What is PBIS?

The intentional structuring of learning environments to equip students for behavioral success based on principles of human behavior.

PBIS is NOT just bucks and a store. IT IS a School Climate change model!-modelprogram.com PBIS & Bully Prevention

PBIS Critical Element: School-Wide Expectations Identified and taught to students, faculty and staff (shared beliefs/values)Create specific expectation lesson plans that include: respecting self/others, identifying disrespect, advocating for self & others, accepting feedback/criticism, asking for helpPBIS Critical Element: Consistently acknowledge and/or reinforce the use of expected behaviors with staff & students

-modelprogram.com PBIS & Bully Prevention

PBIS Critical Element: Identify system for responding to and reporting incidents of inappropriate behavior

Adult Response to Bullying Behavior (Review)Intervene immediatelyGet adult help if neededSeparate the children involvedMake sure that everyone is safeMeet any immediate mental or medical health needsStay calm. Reassure the children involved, including bystandersModel respectful behavior when you intervene

-modelprogram.com, Safe & Supportive Schools T.A. Center PBIS & Bully Prevention

PBIS Critical Element: Identify system for responding to and reporting incidents of inappropriate behavior

Reporting Bullying Behavior (Review)All school employees and parents chaperoning or supervising school-sponsored functions and events are required to report alleged violations of this policy to the principal or the principals designee. A verbal report must be reported on the same day as the employees or parents witnessed or otherwise learned of the incident and a written report must be filed no later than two days thereafter.

LA Act 186, 2012 Student Response to Bullying Behavior

Adopted for use in all LPSS Schools. All three are free curriculums that incorporate the previous PBIS critical elements just reviewed as well as a response system for students to use when they witness bullying. Lesson plans are included. A power-point presentation to train staff on this curriculum is also available.

Bully Prevention in PBIS Elementaryhttps://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5FfiOCxdE5WNjJwcjdOam1MSTQ/edit?usp=sharingBully Prevention in PBIS Middle/Highhttps://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5FfiOCxdE5Wa2ZCRzRZelZCWG8/edit?usp=sharingBullying & Harassment Prevention in PBIS: Expect Respect Elementary/Middlehttps://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5FfiOCxdE5WM041MGxyaGpoLUk/edit?usp=sharing

STOP/WALK/TALK

STOP: A common stop signal is decided upon by school staff and students are taught when to use it

WALK: Students are taught to walk-away after the signal is given rather than engage the student further

TALK: Even when students use stop and they walk away from the problem, sometimes students will continue to behave inappropriately toward them. When that happens, students should "talk" to an adult.

- Bully Prevention in PBIS Impact of Student Response

In the majority of bullying episodes in which students intervene, the bullying stops within:A. Two minutesB. Ninety secondsC. One minuteD. Ten seconds- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center In Conclusion:

Research clearly indicates that when students move from being bystanders to a bullying incident to standing up and intervening, they can have a powerful impact on stopping the behavior and sending a message that bullying is not acceptable.- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center

The Importance of Relationships in Preventing Bullying Behavior

Engagement is Characterized By:

The quality of relationshipsincluding respect for diversitybetween students and their peers, staff and their peers, students and staff, and staff and families

Bullying is a relationship problem that requires a relationship solution.

Positive relationships are a foundational element in creating a positive and supportive classroom climate- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Positive School Culture

2008 study asked students to describe the things that teachers do that help them in their lives:Be available.Students point to teachers who are accessible to them, checking in on how they are doing and caring not only about their academic performance but also about all aspects of their lives.Listen to mePositive teacher-student relationships were characterized by teachers who actively listened to student concerns and worries, engaging them in dialogue about their lives.

- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Positive Expectations of studentsAtmosphere of cooperationFirm limits for unacceptable behavior

26Positive School Culture

Be positive.Teachers who encouraged and modeled positive thinking in their students had students with higher levels of engagement and preparedness as well as higher levels of self-confidence that they could overcome barriers.

Have fun.Students felt more at ease around teachers who were in control of the classroom but could keep students motivational level high by using humor. Along with being positive, humor can help build the kind of positive personal connections that play a part in building a supportive classroom climate.- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Positive Expectations of studentsAtmosphere of cooperationFirm limits for unacceptable behavior

27Positive School Culture

Be realTeachers who are comfortable being themselves around their students promote the kind of pro-social bonding that is an important element in a supportive classroom climate. Sharing personal information that is appropriate can help students see that their teacher is a real person and values them enough to share a part of his or her life with them.

- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Positive Expectations of studentsAtmosphere of cooperationFirm limits for unacceptable behavior

28MODEL RESPECT

Respect is a learned behavior and attitudewe cannot make it happen, but we can teach and encourage it.

Set a tone of respect Expose students to accurate information and positive representations of those who they may perceive as different from themTalk about differences in a respectful way including examples of people with varied backgrounds and orientationsProvide time for learning and practicing positive, respectful behaviors- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Students Model What They See!

What YOU MODEL in your relationships with students and other adults also helps build positive student-to-student relationships that can have a direct impact on reducing bullying behavior through encouraging students to feel safe and confident to stand up for each other.

- Safe & Supportive Schools T. A. Center Every Kid Needs A CHAMPION!

Thank-You!!

Thanks for completing Module 2. Please return to www.lpssonline.com/bullying to complete the 2 Hour Bullying Refresher Course Survey

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