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BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT) - DIMTS · BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT) •Need for public transport...

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BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT)
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  • BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT)

  • • Need for public transport

    • Importance of bus transport

    • Description of BRT

    • BRT project in Delhi

    2

    STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION

  • Population per sq. km.

    Road Space as Percentage of Total Area:

    Present road length- 28,000 kms. with limited expansion possibilities

    3

    DELHI VIS A VIS THE WORLD

    Delhi(Urban)

    Delhi(Whole)

    Seoul Singapore Hong Kong

    Tokyo KualaLumpur

    Paris(City)

    13,930 9,340 24,500 8,700 30,100 10,400 5,900 24,448

    Delhi Tokyo Munich Hong Kong Paris Bangkok

    21% 13% 13% 12% 11% 11%

  • MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED IN DELHI

    0

    200000

    400000

    600000

    800000

    1000000

    1200000

    1400000

    1600000

    1800000

    2000000

    2200000

    2400000

    2600000

    2800000

    3000000

    3200000

    34000001

    98

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    06

    YEAR (1981-2006)

    NO

    . O

    F V

    EH

    ICL

    ES

    RE

    GIS

    TE

    RE

    D

    Cars/ Taxis

    Two Wheelers

    TSR

    Buses & Other

    Heavy Vehicles

    4

    MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED IN DELHI

  • 5

    TRADITIONAL PROBLEM SOLVING : THE CAR ORIENTED

    INFRASTRUCTURE

  • 6

    SO WHAT IS THE SOLUTION?

  • 50 cars or 60 b icyc les or 1 bus

    EFFICIENT USE OF ROAD SPACE

  • More equitable allocation of road space with people, rather than vehicles

    Greater use of public transport and non-motorized modes

    Reserving lanes and corridors exclusively for public transport and non-motorized modes of travel

    8

    NATIONAL URBAN TRANSPORT POLICY

  • 9

    DELHI MASTER PLAN 2021

    According to Para 12.5 (iv) of the Plan –

    “On all roads with right of way (ROW) greater than 30 meters exclusive bus laneswill be planned to implement the Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in a phased manner to cover the whole city.”

  • • I.A. No: 226 in writ petition (civil) Nos: 13029 of 1985

    Quote: “……The EPCA shall also examine the issue of increase of High Capacity Bus System with existing public transport system…”

    10

    SUPREME COURT RULING

  • 11

    EXIST IN OVER 30 CITIES ACROSS THE GLOBE IN

    ALL KINDS OF DEVELOPMENT SPECTRUMS,

    CULTURAL TRAITS, DEMOGRAPHICS AND

    TRAFFIC CHARACTERSTICS.

    BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEMS

  • 12

    Latin América

    Belo Horizonte

    Bogotá

    Campiñas

    Curitiba

    Gociana

    Lima

    Porto Alegre

    Quito

    Recife

    Sao Paulo

    México City

    North América

    Honolulu

    Los Ángeles

    Miami

    Canada

    Ottawa

    Pittsburgh

    Vancouver

    Asia

    Akita

    Fukuoka

    Gifu

    Kanazawa

    Kunming

    Miyazaki

    Nagaoka

    Nagoya

    Niigata

    Taipéi

    Beijing

    Jakarta

    Europe

    Claremont Ferrand

    Eindhoven

    Essen

    Ipswich

    Leeds

    Nancy

    Rouen

    Oceanía

    Adelaide

    Brisbane

    BRT Systems in

    operation

    BRTS ACROSS THE WORLD

  • • Pune

    • Ahmedabad

    • Indore

    • Bhopal

    • Jaipur

    • Vishakhapatnam

    • Hyderabad

    • Nagpur

    • Delhi

    13

    Lloyd Wright

    BRT STATUS IN INDIAN CITIES. (JNURRM FUNDING APPROVED)

  • Trips per person per day

    0

    0.1

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6

    0.7

    0.8

    0.9

    London Singapore Hong Kong Delhi

    MRT Bus

    14

    PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN WORLD CITIES

  • EQUITY:

    in terms of providing access across all strata

    of society at an acceptable cost

    EFFICIENCY:

    by way of providing more throughput per

    unit of investment or road space

    ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY:

    by way of reducing private vehicles and using green

    fuel

    BRT is a synthesis of 3 E’s

    It combines the advantages of rail transit with flexibility of Bus service

    It is endorsed by institutions such as World Bank, Asian Development Bank etc.

    Being green it is the only transport project with the availability of World Bank GEF funding

    15

    BRT MAJOR FACTS

  • In BRT commuters can only cross at the zebra crossings. Fatality rates will come down drastically.

    Experts observe that road based transport provides the most effective connectivity for

    residents.

    The Delhi BRT project has been implemented after rigorous analysis and consideration

    16

  • BRT can penetrate in less ROW areas

    BRT is on ‘AT GRADE LEVEL’ so builds easier access

    BRT is a relatively inexpensive mode hence can be implemented more widely

    Gestation time is relatively short

    BRT has more stoppages and therefore provides user friendly changeover points

    BRT

    Builds

    Flexibility

    ADVANTAGES OF BRT

  • Efficient utilization of road spaceEfficient utilization of road space

    COST CONSIDERATIONSCOST CONSIDERATIONS

    BRT5-20

    crores / km

    Metro125 to

    220crores / km

    18

    Shortest planning & construction time BRT - 1.5 years / Metro -

    Shortest planning & construction time BRT - 1.5 years / -3 to 5 years (~18km)

  • Not affected by traffic jams

    Lanes can be used by emergency vehicles

    BRT lanes can be used by school buses etc also

    19

  • 20

    Quito, Ecuador

    Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Curitiba, Brazil

    Bus stop platform and bus floor at

    the same level

    Wider doors

    RAPID BOARDING AND ALIGHTING

  • BRT IS PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED FRIENDLY

  • 22

    WORLD OVER BRT USES THE CENTRAL LANE

  • 23

    Pedestrian path 3 m x 2m

    Bus lane 3.3 - 3.5 m

    Car lane 3.0 m X 2

    Bicycle lane None

    BRT: CAR 1 WAY 2 LANES, BUS 1 WAY. ROW ~ 18 M

  • Pedestrian path 4 m x 2

    Bus lane 3.3 - 3.5 m x 2

    Car lane 3.0 m x 4

    Bicycle lane Mixed

    24

    BRT: CAR 2 WAY 2 LANES, BUS 2 WAY. ROW: ~30-35 M

  • Mode Persons per lane (3m) per hour

    Bus (dedicated lane) 15,000 – 25,000

    Walking 9,000

    Bicycle 5,000

    Car 3,000

    3 car lanes mixed - 10.5m 9,000 - 15,000

    2 car + 1 bus - 10.5m 20,000 - 30,000

    2 car + 1bus(BRT rationalised) - 10.5m 30,000 - 40,000

    25

    PEOPLE FLOW CAPACITIES

    Pedestrians + bicycles using 4.5m additional rationalised space

    from existing ROW will provide additional throughput of app.

    10000 persons per hour

  • Relatively low rise development

    Multiple business districts

    Delhi expanding in a radial mode

    Central City not the main destination

    Car – about 15 % families

    2-wheeler – about 35% families

    No vehicle – about 50% families

    50% people with no option but

    public transport

    Marginal cost of two wheeler trip

    about Rs 1.00 per km -

    Maximum fare level cannot be higher

    Mixed land use patterns, strict

    zoning impossible

    Majority trips less than 10 km

    Transit system therefore must be

    low cost and wide spread

    DELHI CHARACTERSTICS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    ROHINII

    DWARKA

    GURGAON

    GHAZIABAD

    FARIDABAD

  • • The first corridor of BRT in Delhi is fromAmbedkar Nagar to Delhi Gate. It is 14.5 km.long with minimum ROW at 28 meters andmaximum ROW at 51.5 meters.

    • Total cost of the project is Rs. 215 crores atan average cost of Rs. 14.83 crores/ km

    27

    SALIENT FEATURES OF SOLUTION FOR DELHI: AMBEDKAR NAGAR- DLEHI GATE CORRIDOR

  • 28

    PEAK HOUR DENSITY OF BUSES

    Peak Hour Density

    Ambedkar Nagar- Press Enclave 93

    Chirag Delhi - Andrews Ganj 75

    Andrews Ganj - Moolchand 217

    Moolchand - Bhagwan Das road 129

    Bhagwan Das Road - Delhi Gate 419

  • • A total of 20 bus stops along the corridor are planned

    • Generally 100-200 buses move on various sections during peakhour catering to a maximum PHPDT of about 10000 on anaverage day.

    • Road width of 6.75m for MV will increase throughput as therewill be no obstructions from mixed traffic (Buses, pedestrians,cycles and rickshaws)

    • The project has been implemented after rigorous analysis andintensive stakeholder consultation and validated by nationaland international transportation experts

    • This includes the benefits of the central bus lane over side buslane.

    29

    SALIENT FEATURES OF AMBEDKAR NAGAR : DELHI GATE CORRIDOR

  • 30

    Breakup of Different Mode of Transport

    Mode of Transport % of trips made by mode

    Two wheeler 17.59

    Three wheeler 2.80

    Car 6.94

    Taxi 0.06

    Bus 62.0

    Others 10.61

  • STANDARD SECTIONS

    31

    CARRIGE WAY

    FOOT

    SERVICESERVICE LANE

    ES1 - Pushpa Vihar Quarters (Section 1 ) - Right of Way-51.5m

    2m 11m 1.5m

    PATH

    FOOTPATH

    FOOTPATH

    FOOTPATH

    6.5m 2m6m 11m7m

    UNPAVED

    LANE

    CARRIGE WAY

    BREST WALL

    BUSMV LANE

    NMVTRACK

    FOOT

    SERVICE LANESERVICE LANE

    CS1 - Pushpa Vihar Quarters (Section 1 ) - Right of Way-51.5m

    10m 2m 2.5m 6.75m 6.75m3.3m 3.3m 2.5m 2m

    PATH MV LANE

    LANEBUSLANE

    NMVTRACK

    FOOTPATH

    FOOTPATH

    FOOTPATH

    FOOTPATH

    2m 3.3m 2m2m

    STANDARD SECTIONS

  • Side lane:

    High friction

    from turning

    vehicles

    reduce

    capacity and

    efficiency

    SIDE LANE OR CENTRAL LANE?

  • MORNING

    EVENNING

    Total of six lanes are crossed at a time Total of three lanes are crossed at a time

    EXISTING SYSTEM , side bus lane BR SYSTEM central bus lane

    PEDESTRIAN CROSSING EASIER

  • • Parking space for para-transit, scooters, cycles is generated.

    • Central bus lanes allow for passenger parking on side lanes and interchange with other modes on the side without disrupting existing circulation to adjoining areas

    34

    DEDICATED PARKING PLACES

  • • Signal and telecom cabling not duplicated

    • Preferential signaling to buses is easier

    • Manpower deployment is optimized

    35

    NO DUPLICATION OF SERVICES- Central Lane Option

  • 36

    CHAOTIC MIXED MOVEMENT OF TRAFFIC

    Ambedkar Nagar - 2005

  • 37

    SMOOTH MOVEMENT OF TRAFFIC

    Ambedkar Nagar - 2008

  • IMPROVED SPACE FOR CAR LANES , EXCLUSIVE CYCLE TRACKS AND

    CENTRAL BUS LANES

    38

    DEDICATED LANES FOR ALL TRAFFIC

    6.75 M MV LANE

    WIDTH IS LEFT

    AFTER BUS LANE

    ALLOCATION6.6 M BUS

    LANE (at

    intersections)

    3.5 M NMV

    (cycle

    2.25m/pedes

    trian

    pathway

    1.25)

  • 39

    HAVE PEOPLE MOVED OUT?

    CHIRAG DELHI INTERSECTION

    Evening Peak Hour

    Traffic Volume Vehicles

    28-02-2008 11,449

    24-04-2008 11,767

  • IF BRT IS SO EFFICIENT THEN

    WHY

    THE PROTEST?

    40

  • • Zero Sum Game

    • New Concept

    • Change Management

    41

  • 42

  • We have to invest in public

    transport, in roads with

    space for bicycles and

    pedestrians, Our cities have

    to become more livable and

    more people friendly.

    Manmohan Singh, Prime

    Minister 31 Dec 2005

    It does not matter what is

    done, traffic jams will

    become worse; unless a

    radically new model is

    adopted.

    E-Penelosa- Ex Mayor of

    Bogota

    BUS RAPID TRANSIT

    43

  • 87,897

    10,591

    1,05,763 1,24,46579,0671,13,099 1,00,362

    1,15,089 1,09,6411,13,951

    8,835

    6,822

    9,2869,884

    9,033

    9,159

    6,441

    10,993

    2,329

    2,422

    2,204

    2,406

    2,583

    1,593

    1,8212,082

    2,394

    28

    Total Number of Vehicles, February 28, April 24 and May 01- 07, 2008(Figures in Number)

    February 28

    (Thursday)

    April24

    (Thursday)

    May 01

    (Thursday)

    May 02

    (Friday)

    May 03

    (Saturday)

    May 04

    (Sunday)

    May 05

    (Monday)

    May 06

    (Tuesday)

    May 07

    (Wednesday)

    Motorized Vehicles Non-motorized Vehicles Buses

    44

    NUMBER OF VEHICLES

  • DIMTS Ltd.

    THANK YOU


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