Based on the map shown below, where do scientists believe that homo sapiens first developed?
Which item best completes the chart?ACreated the loom to make clothingBMigrated in search of food and waterCLived in large social groupsDAte a diet consisting of animals they tamed and raised
What was an important effect of the changes during the Neolithic Era?
APeople began to create permanent settlements.BScientific knowledge spread through their writings.CSocieties collapsed and the population declined.DMoney was used rather than trading goods.
Which of the following is NOT a way civilizations preserved knowledge in a written form?
AMayan calendarBPhoenician alphabetCEgyptian hieroglyphicsDByzantine mosaics
Which early civilization developed a network of overseas trade routes around the Mediterranean Sea?
Which early civilization was the first to practice monotheism?
The Indus and Huang He (Yellow) Rivers are both closely associated with
Aborder disputesBsacred biblical sitesCcradles of early civilizationDroutes that spread Islam to the east
The civil service system, paper, silk and porcelain were all contributions of
The symbol below is important in
Judaism and ChristianityHinduism and BuddhismConfucianism and TaoismIslam and Shintoism
Which of the following is most closely associated with the spread of Buddhism?
AwarBthe Indo-Aryan migrationCthe missionaries Shi Huangdi sent out after his conversion to BuddhismDtrade
Which civilization built an elaborate road system and an imperial bureaucracy in order to effectively govern their large empire?
What impact did the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush and the Indian Ocean have on the development of civilizations in India?
ABetter communication developed with other culturesBTrade with other Asian civilizations flourishedCAllowed the government to greatly expand the empireDGave increased protection from outside invasions
The Hindu faith believes in
many forms of one main godtwo opposing forces of good and evilmaking the most of the one life givena savior to rescue people from suffering
The purpose of following the Eightfold Path is to
Abe reborn in a higher formBachieve enlightenmentCspread Buddhas beliefsDbecome a spiritual leader
The geographic feature that both isolated and protected the Greek city-states was its
Alack of arable land for farmingBlocation on the Mediterranean SeaCmountainous terrain throughout the regionDmany natural harbors and irregular coastline
What purpose did mythology serve in early Greek civilizations?
AIt helped explain the natural world and life events.BIt gave them a set of rules to follow to reach heaven.CIt provided courage to conquer and expand their empire.DIt honored the perfection of the gods and goddesses.
What impact did the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?
AAthens and Sparta defeated the Persians and dominated the Aegean Sea.BSparta defeated Athens, but most of the Greek city-states were weakened.CAthens defeated Sparta, but lost many of their great leaders in battle.DThe Persians defeated the Greeks and took control of all the city-states.
Both Herodotus and Thucydides were Greek
By establishing an empire from Greece to Egypt and India, Alexander caused a blending of these cultures called
When Christianity first began the beliefs were
Arejected because they conflicted with the polytheistic beliefs of RomeBincorporated into the existing religion to be more acceptable to allCaccepted by the Emperor, but the people refused to follow themDaccepted quickly by the Roman people as well as the Emperor
The many problems within the Roman Empire led to
Athe collapse of the western part of the empire Ba revolution and the restoration of a republicCa drastic increase in morals and faithDan overhaul of the monetary system
In the Roman Republic the majority of the population were
How were the Punic Wars a turning point for Rome?
Rome lost all power in the region and had to give up their colonies. Rome gained access to a new trade route and improved their economy.Rome suffered incredible losses and could not recover from the destruction.Rome acquired new territory and wealth and greatly increased their influence
Based on the Pantheon, Colosseum and aqueducts, which conclusion can be drawn about the Roman Empire?
AGovernment and the law were at the heart of civic life. BReligion was an extremely important part of their culture.CMany advances were made in engineering and architecture.DThere was little interest in scientific and medical achievements.
Political conflict in the Roman Republic was usually between
Apatricians and slavesBAugustus Caesar and Marc AntonyCplebeians and CarthaginiansDpatricians and plebeians
How was citizenship in the Roman Republic and Athens similar?
ABoth allowed citizens to vote directly on lawsBAdult, free men were citizensCPatricians held most of the powerDAll citizens were expected to gather to debate and vote on laws.
A key difference that led to the split of the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church was that they did not agree on the
Arole of Jesus as the son of GodBextent of the Popes authorityCday to have religious servicesDmethods for achieving salvation
Byzantine art generally focused on
historic sceneseveryday lifereligious subjectsnature landscapes
Cyrils purpose in developing the Cyrillic alphabet was to
Aspread ChristianityBrecord Byzantine lawsCteach Greek to the SlavsDexpand the Byzantine Empire
Constantine chose the location of Constantinople because it was
Aa religious pilgrimage site for all followers of ChristianityBat the crossroads of several trade routes and easily protectedCin close proximity to Rome which provided easier communicationDthe location of many great military successes for the Roman Empire
Which term is most closely associated with these statements:
Cyrillic alphabet adopted for use in RussiaRussians accepted the teachings of the Orthodox Christian ChurchOnion-shaped domes dotted the skyline of Kievan RussiaA ethnocentrismB cultural diffusionC interdependenceD military conquest
Islamic civilization helped preserve ancient learning by-
Adeveloping a number systemBtolerating all faithsCtranslating the works of classical scholars into ArabicDusing ancient manuscripts in religious services
What event led to the division of Islam into Sunni and Shia?
AThe decision by Muhammad to leave Mecca and migrate to MedinaBThe death of Ali and the dispute over who was the rightful successorCThe conquering of Baghdad and the establishment as the new capitalDThe loss at the Battle of Tours and argument over who was to blame
The guidelines followed by Muslims are outlined in the
Four Noble TruthsFive Pillars of FaithTen CommandmentsTwelve Tables
The inventions of the lateen sail and compass were important because they allowed
The navigation of the Mediterranean Seaimproved communication between regionsmore goods to be traded between civilizationsincreased migration across the continents
The gold and salt trade in Africa took place along the
ASilk RoadBTrans-Saharan RouteCNorthern Baltic RouteDRoyal Road
What was the main cause for the widespread expansion of Islam?
Missionaries praising the word of AllahForced conversion by the leaders of the empireMigration of new followers to Mecca and Medina Diffusion along the trade routes in the Middle East
Timbuktu was an important city because it was
a former capital of the Islamic Empirea center of learning and Islamic culturethe only city to survive the Muslim invasionsthe site of the final battle between Ghana and Mali
Which African civilization had the advantage of being located near the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers and the Indian Ocean coast?
Which civilization is not matched with the correct geographic area?
AMaya- Yucatan PeninsulaBInca- Andes MountainsCMali- SahelDAksum- Sahara Desert
What did the Maya, Aztec and Inca all have in common?
ABelief in polytheism BElaborate road systemsCDestruction by earthquakesDGovernment ruled by an emperor
An important role of the Church during the Middle Ages was
Amaintaining an army to protect the peopleBpreserving ancient literature and knowledgeCdeveloping new scientific and medical theoriesDproviding food for all people in the communities
A key reason for the spread of Renaissance ideas was the
Ainvention of the movable type printing pressBsupport of the Pope and Catholic ChurchCimpressive beauty of the works of artDencouragement of the Italian princes
During the Renaissance there was a movement to celebrate the individual and secular life. This was called
What was an important effect of the Crusades?
An increase in the power of the Pope and the nobles.A decline in trade throughout Europe and the Middle East.A legacy of bitterness
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