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  • CBCP

    Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines

    Catechism for

    Filipino Catholics New Edition

    with expanded Subject Index and Primer

    ECCCE WORD & LIFE PUBLICATIONS

    MANILA PHILIPPINES

    from the beginning of the Christianization of the Philippines to the end of the 20th Century:

    Four Centuries of Catechesis in our Country.

    One uninterrupted effort to remain faithful  to God, 

    to Man,  to the Church.

    One continuous endeavor  to make the Catholic Faith relevant 

    to the culture and the lives 

  • of our Filipino People.

    Vatican City, 6 March 1997

    Prot. N. 97000707

    Your Excellency,

    The Episcopal Conference of the Philippines, at the appropriate time, sent to this Dicastery the Catechism for Filipino Catholics developed by the same Episcopal Conference, requesting the approval of the Holy See.

    The Congregation for the Clergy, after having examined the text and obtained on the first day of March, 1997 the positive opinion (Prot. N. 64/94-03884) rendered by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, does hereby grant the requested approbation, according to the requirements of canon 775 § 2.

    This Dicastery wishes to congratulate the Bishops of the Philippines for providing an instrument that is truly suitable for transmitting the faith among Catholic Filipinos and hopes that the Catechism will have the widest possible circulation.

    I take this opportunity to express to Your Excellency and to the entire Episcopal Conference my sentiments of esteem and with every best wish, I remain,

    Sincerely yours in Christ,

    His Excellency Most Reverend OSCAR V. CRUZ, D.D. President of the CBCP 470 General Luna Street Intramuros, Manila 1002 P.O. Box 3601 Manila, 1099 PHILIPPINES

  • Contents PREFACE 1

    Why a New Catechism.............................................................. 1 Characteristics of this Catechism...............................................3 For Whom the Catechism Is Intended....................................... 4 Basic Structure of the Catechism...............................................5 Using This Catechism................................................................7 Synthesis .................................................................................. 8

    Foundations 1 WHO IS THE FILIPINO CATHOLIC 11

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 11 CONTEXT ............................................................................ 12 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 13

    A. Self-Identity................................................................ 13 B. Meaning in Life..........................................................14 C. Sufferings in Life....................................................... 14 D. Life-Commitment.......................................................15 E. World View................................................................15 F. The Filipino Way....................................................... 16 G. The Filipino Catholic................................................. 17

    INTEGRATION ......................................................................... 18 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................ 19

    2 GOD’S CALL: REVELATION 21

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 21 CONTEXT ............................................................................ 22 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 22

    I. God Reveals Himself ...............................................22 A. In Creation...........................................................22 B. In Scripture, through Salvation History..............23 C. In the Church.......................................................24 D. In Other Religions...............................................25

    II. Jesus Christ: Agent, Content and Goal of Revelation ........................................... 26 A. Goal..................................................................... 26 B. Content................................................................ 26 C. Agent................................................................... 26

    III. Where We Find God’s Revelation .........................27 A. Scripture and Tradition....................................... 27 B. Interpreting Scripture.......................................... 29

  • INTEGRATION .....................................................................31 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................ 32

    3 OUR RESPONSE: WE BELIEVE 35

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 35 CONTEXT ................................................................................ 36 EXPOSITION ........................................................................37

    I. Faith in Human Relations ...................................... 37 II. Faith in God .............................................................38

    A. Characteristics of Christian Faith........................ 38 B. The Three Essential Dimensions of Faith...........39 C. Faith and Three Classic Questions......................41 D. Faith and Salvation..............................................41

    III. Paradoxical Characteristics of Faith ....................42 A. Certain, Yet Obscure...........................................42 B. Free, Yet Morally Obliging.................................43 C. Reasonable, Yet Beyond Natural Reason...........43 D. An Act, Yet a Process......................................... 44 E. A Gift, Yet Our Doing........................................ 44 F. Personal, Yet Ecclesial........................................45

    IV. Mary: Model of Faith ............................................. 46 INTEGRATION ....................................................................47 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................ 48

    4 OUR UNBELIEF 51

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 51 CONTEXT ............................................................................ 52 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 53

    I. Obstacles to Believing, Doing, Worshipping ........53 A. Unbelief vs. Believing.........................................53 B. Unbelief vs. Doing.............................................. 55 C. Unbelief vs. Trusting/Worshipping....................57

    II. Obstacles to Belief in Self-Becoming .....................59 INTEGRATION .....................................................................60 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................ 61

    Part One Christ, Our Truth

    5 CATHOLIC DOCTRINE: CHRIST, OUR TRUTH 65

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 65

  • CONTEXT ............................................................................ 66 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 66

    I. History of the Creeds ..............................................67 A. Biblical Creeds....................................................68 B. Liturgical and Catechetical Creeds .................... 68 C. The Creed Today.................................................69

    II. Objections to the Creed ..........................................69 III. Functions of the Creed ............................................70

    A. Summary of Beliefs............................................ 70 B. Pledge of Loyalty................................................ 71 C. Proclamation of Identity......................................71

    INTEGRATION .....................................................................72 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ........................................... 73

    6 GOD, THE FATHER ALMIGHTY 75

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 75 CONTEXT ............................................................................ 76 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 77

    I. Preliminary Points .................................................. 77 II. God as Our Father ..................................................79

    III. God Revealed as Father in Scripture ....................80 A. Yahweh in the Old Testament.............................80 B. Jesus’ “Abba” Relationship................................81

    IV. Almighty ...................................................................82 INTEGRATION ....................................................................85 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................ 86

    7 CREATOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH 89

    OPENING . ............................................................................ 89 CONTEXT ............................................................................90 EXPOSITION ........................................................................ 90

    I. Creator ..................................................................... 91 The Blessed Trinity Is the Creator.............................91

    II. God’s Creative Action ............................................ 92 A. Biblical and Scientific Accounts.........................92 B. Church Teaching....................................

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