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Cellular Respiration. Cues Vocabulary Mitochondria Cellular Respiration ATP Cellular Energy Stage 1...

Date post: 03-Jan-2016
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Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration


• Vocabulary

• Mitochondria

• Cellular Respiration


• Cellular Energy

• Stage 1

• Stage 2

• Fermentation

• Cellular Respiration


• Cellular Respiration – the transfer of energy from an organic compound into ATP

• Fermentation – the breakdown of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeasts, or mold in the absence of oxygen

• Pyruvate- an ion of a three-carbon organic acid called pyruvic acid.

Energy:•Energy for living things comes from food. Originally, the energy in food comes from the sun.

• Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce food—autotrophs (auto = self)Ex: plants and some microorganisms (some bacteria and protists)

• Organisms that CANNOT use the sun’s energy to make food—heterotrophsEx: animals and most microorganisms

• All energy is stored in the bonds of compounds—breaking the bond releases the energy

• When the cell has energy available it can store this energy by adding a phosphate group to ADP, producing ATP


• The matrix where 3-carbon pieces that came from carbohydrates are broken down to (CO2 and water)

• The cristae is where ATP is made

Cellular Respiration

• Is a series of reactions where fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, mostly glucose, are broken down to make CO2, water, and energy.


• Most of the energy from cell respiration is converted into ATP

• ATP is a substance that powers most cell activities.

Cellular RespirationCellular Energy

•The Stages of Cellular Respiration Cellular respiration has two stages. •Glycolysis The first stage of cellular respiration is called glycolysis. •Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration The second stage of cellular respiration is either aerobic respiration (in the presence of oxygen) or anaerobic respiration (in the absence of oxygen). A large amount of ATP is made during aerobic respiration. NAD+ is recycled during the anaerobic process of fermentation.

Cellular RespirationStage One: Breakdown of Glucose

•Glycolysis Glucose is broken down to pyruvate during glycolysis, making some ATP.

Cellular RespirationStage Two: Production of ATP

•Krebs Cycle The Krebs cycle is a series of reactions that produce energy-storing molecules during aerobic respiration. •Electron Transport Chain During aerobic respiration, large amounts of ATP are made in an electron transport chain.

Cellular RespirationFermentation in the Absence of Oxygen

•Fermentation When oxygen is not present, fermentation follows glycolysis, regenerating NAD+ needed for glycolysis to continue.•Lactic Acid Fermentation In lactic acid fermentation, pyruvate is converted to lactate.

Cellular Respiration• Cellular Respiration is a metabolic

process like burning fuel– Releases much of the energy in food to

make ATP– This ATP provides cells with the energy

they need to carry out the activities of life.

– C6H12O6+O2 CO2 + H2O + ATP