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Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for Children Presentation P13 Childhood Neglect: Improving...

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Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for Children Presentation P13 P13 Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for Children Presentation Understanding family and environmental factors What I need people to think about
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Understanding family and environmental factorsWhat I need people to think aboutP13Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationChildhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP131Learning outcomeTo assess family and environmental factors that may affect a child and parenting capacityP13 Understanding family and environmental factors2Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Importance of housingSocial workers and other practitioners often overlook the importance of housing;but it is important to families;and has a greater impact than is often acknowledged by practitioners.(Jack and Gill 2003)P13 Understanding family and environmental factors3Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13P13 Understanding family and environmental factors4InteractionsSupport from family, friends and other peopleSchoolEnough moneyWork opportunities for my familyLocal resourcesComfortable and safe housingBelonging

Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Housing policySocial housing has been reserved increasingly to accommodate disadvantaged groups including:people on very low incomes;a disproportionate number of elderly people ;low-income families with young children .(Jack and Gill 2003)Many houses were sold through right to buy policies resulting in an imbalance of flats to houses.More recent changes may result in more limitations in access to social housing.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors5Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Impact of housingThe provision of housing and its location will impact on a familys social networks and integration.Many vulnerable families experience a period of homelessness which can often result in a move to homes and neighbourhoods away from their current networks, schools and access to services.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors6Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP136Impact of housingFamilies with disabled children are often especially disadvantaged .Children may need adaptations or equipment.Children may need more space or particular configurations of space.There may be a need for easy access in and out of the accommodation working lifts, no stairs .A marked parking space may be required .P13 Understanding family and environmental factors7Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP137Impact of housingPoor housing can be viewed as both a consequence of social exclusion and also a cause.It is clearly an important factor in child wellbeing BUTthere is little research within the UK on the impact of housing on the welfare of children and families.This runs counter to the importance placed on this by families and its key role in child wellbeing.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors8Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP138Focusing on housingStudy in Toronto by Leslie (2005) indicated that housing issues could be associated with:children being received into caredelays in returning children home from care .

Leslie draws links with Maslows hierarchy of needs and the importance of shelter.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors9Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Overviews of child deaths and serious cases In Brandon et.al.s (2008) sample of 47 cases there was evidence of house moves for a third of parents or carers; a similar proportion were living in poor conditions.Sinclair and Bullock (2002) found evidence of poverty or accommodation problems in 17 out of 40 cases and in 19 cases the families had moved frequently.4 in 10 families had frequently changed address in both the Owers et.al. (1999) and the Brandon et.al. (2002) studies .(Vincent 2010, p45)

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors10Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Housing and neglectIA study of 712 children under eight from 555 families referred because of concerns about neglect or emotional abuse found that:59% lived in over-crowded housing conditions;10% had had 5 or more house moves in the previous five years.(Thoburn et.al. 2000) P13 Understanding family and environmental factors11Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Assess housing issuesAssessment should be built around three main areas:adequacy of housing for familys needs;how housing and location structure human relationships;familys perception of their accommodation.(Jack and Gill 2003)

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors12Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Impact of housingPromoting improved housing policies for children and families with limited financial means will promote child, family and community wellbeing.(Leslie 2004)P13 Understanding family and environmental factors13Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1313What is community?Administrative/official boundaries?Geographical boundaries?Virtual communities?

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors14Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1314Important considerationsDemographic composition of communities.Is the community safe?Are there support services or advice services (i.e. financial)?Urban-rural dimension in relation to poverty.Do families use the resources?

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors15Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1315What are community resources?Systems of help, support, advice, guidance and general activities to which families have access: social integration.The social capital within the community, including all the formal and informal networks of which the family is part: housing.

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors16Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1316Aspects of communityPractical resources.Natural networks.Child and family safety.Community norms.Individual child and family.Cumulative impact (positive).Cumulative impact (negative).

P13 Understanding family and environmental factors17Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1317Impact of social integrationMay impact on employment.Ability to access community resources: Often the groups or individuals who are in the greatest need of additional, more reliable, or more satisfying social support, are those who are least likely to have access to these things.(Jack 2000)May be different for children and parents: parents may be well integrated, but not the child.Extent of networks should not characterise social isolation, but the quality of the networks.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors18Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1318Link between social integration and child protectionResearch overview in mid-90s, suggested that a possible link between social isolation/ disorganisation and child protection concerns can be attributed to:the disengagement of the family from the communityless sharing of resourceslittle awareness of local serviceslimited social capitalchildrens more limited social networks..P13 Understanding family and environmental factors19Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP1319Neglect and isolationParents of neglected children:often lack social supporttend to be isolatedfeel lonelyhave less access to emotionally supportive relationships.(Horwath 2007)P13 Understanding family and environmental factors20Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13Neglected childrenNeglected children have some of the most pressing needs for access to wider resources.Resilience is associated with connections in the community and with access to resources beyond the home.Plans for neglected children should consider ways in which resilience can be nurtured by building on community resources.P13 Understanding family and environmental factors21Childhood Neglect: Improving Outcomes for ChildrenPresentationP13


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