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Children & Youth at Risk for Murder: Detecting the Potential for Violence Slideshow

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    Children and Youthat Risk to Kill

    Winona State UniversityWinona, Minnesota, USA

    October 19, 2006

    Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSWSchool of Social Work

    University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA

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    Ov er v iew

    The Extent of the ProblemWhat is Going on For Children with Risks

    for Murder RisksResources and Competencies

    Assessing the Potential for Violence

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    Ex amples of YouthWho Ha v e Killed

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    Neighborhood is rattledafter teens are shot

    Police don't know why someone fired ata group of teens in south Minneapolis.

    Chao Xiong , Star TribuneLast update: October 18,2006 12:13 AM

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    B rockton, MassachusettsKerns trial beginsB y Kathryn Koch / [email protected], October 18, 2006

    J oseph Nee wasn't on trial Monday in B rockton,but much of the focus on the first day of the trialof alleged co-conspirator Tobin "Toby" Kernswas whether Nee as the one who did all thetalking whenever they got together with their friends to plan a Columbine-style massacre atMarshfield High School April 15, 2005.

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    Teens Accused Of Plotting

    Columbine Style SchoolK

    illingsWeb Editor: Rhonda Erskine Created: 9/15/2006

    The mayor of Green B ay, Wisconsin, says thestudent who blew the whistle on a suspectedColumbine-style shooting plot is a hero.

    Police say they've found rifles and shotguns, ahandgun, about 20 homemade bombs,camouflage clothing, gas masks, two-wayradios and hundreds of rounds of ammunitionat the home of one

    17-year-old.

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    Teen in Whitewater weaponscase freed on bond

    Fayette honors student is under strict house arrest

    B y KATHY JEFCOATSThe Atlanta Journal-Constitution

    Published on: 10/17/06 A Fayette County honorsstudent accused of bringing a cache of weapons to thefirst day of school has been released under a strictbond.

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    Shooting rumors keep

    kids out of school

    February 10, 2006

    Attendance at B urnsville High School felldramatically Friday in the face of rumors thata student was planning to shoot people.

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    StarTribune.com MINNEAPOLIS -ST. PAUL. MINNESOTALast update: February 06, 2006 -9:09 AM

    Suspect in Gay Bar RampageDies in Ark.

    MOUNTAIN HOME, Ark. (AP) -A teenager suspected in a brutalrampage at a Massachusetts gay bar died Sunday from wounds sufferedin a shootout with Arkansas police after he fatally shot an officer and awoman acquaintance, authorities said.

    By NOAH TRISTER, Associated Press Writer

    MOUNTAIN HOME, Ark. (AP) -An alleged attack at a Massachusettsgay bar, the killing of an Arkansas officer and the slaying of a mother of three -Jacob D. Robida left a streak of unexplained violence that ended ina fatal shootout with authorities. Robida, 18, was mortally wounded

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    2 Warroad students held after

    threats made onlineWARROAD, MINN. - Police have arrestedtwo students at Warroad High School after

    an investigation into alleged threats madein an Internet chat room, SuperintendentDave Kragness said.Last update: February 12, 2006 10:49PM

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    $ 1 million bail ordered for 2 held

    in Chaska slayingThree of four defendants in the killing of Nancy Everson in Chaska appeared incourt today for a bail hearing. All four remained held today in the Carver CountyJail.

    Last update: January 20, 2006 9:42 PM

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    Murder as TherapyIn a Van Nuys courtroom, two pairs

    of people are on trial: Lyle and

    Erik Menendez for murdering their parents; and Jose and KittyMenendez for child abuse. Can

    they all be guilty?California trial.National Review, November 29, 1993by Stuart Goldman

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    If were going to help young people

    sort through whats going on withthem,

    we need an inkling of what thatmight be

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    Assessing the PotentialFor Violence

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    Key Idea

    Assess for factors associated withcommitting violence

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    Key Ideas:

    Assess for Risks& Positive Factors

    factors associated withcommitting violence and

    factors that reduce the risks for violence

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    Is this child at risk?

    An 8 year-old boy steals a bikefrom an open garage with his 10year-old brother and two of hisbrothers friends

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    Is this child at risk?

    A 6 year-old girl brings a knife toschool and threatens a 7 year-oldboy who has been harassing her

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    Is this child at risk?

    A 6 year-old girl brings a knife toschool and threatens a 7 year-oldboy who has been harassing her

    We do not know:Need more information.

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    Is this child at risk?

    An 8 year-old boy shows his newpocket knife to a friend on theschool playground

    We do not know:

    Need more information.

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    Is this child at risk?

    An 15 year-old boy hits a 17 year-old girl on the head with a baseballbat

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    Is this child at risk?

    An 15 year-old boy hits a 17 year-old girl on the head with a baseballbat

    We do not know:Need more information.

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    I am obsessed with the ColumbineMassacre. I know almost everydetail.

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    I like to read about massacres likethe one that occurred in Red Lake,Minnesota, by Jeff Weise.

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    Im sorry.

    Alvaro Castillo, age 19

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    Who is at risk ?

    Is she?Published 47 novels as of 2003

    Won 2001 Edgar Award for B est ShortStory

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    Her Name: Juliet

    She murdered someone when she was ateen.

    Put a rock in a sock and beat a friendsmother to death.

    Let out of a juvenile facility at 21 and haslived an extraordinary life.

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    How Do we Know?

    Assessing the Potential for Violence

    Must consider many factors

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    AssessmentAssessmentprecipitating events

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    AssessmentAssessmentprecipitating events

    patterns of direct statements

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    AssessmentAssessmentprecipitating events

    patterns of direct statements

    circumstances that increase the likelihood of violence

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    AssessmentAssessmentprecipitating events

    patterns of direct statements

    circumstances that increase the likelihood of violence

    indirect indicators: signs of cumulative stress,

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    AssessmentAssessmentprecipitating events

    patterns of direct statements

    circumstances that increase the likelihood of violence

    indirect indicators: signs of cumulative stress,

    indicators that the person has a lowered riskfor violence.

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    I ndicators of Lowered

    Risk for ViolenceEmotional expressiveness

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Emotional expressiveness

    Empathy for others

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Emotional expressiveness

    Empathy for others

    Good interpersonal skills

    Spends time with friends who are pro-social

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Emotional expressiveness

    Empathy for others

    Good interpersonal skills

    Spends time with friends who are pro-social

    Kindness in humor

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Optimistic about the future

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Optimistic about the future

    Long-term relationship with at least one other pro-social person

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Optimistic about the future

    Long-term relationship with at least one other pro-social person

    Close relationships with adults other thanparents

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    I ndicators of LoweredRisk for Violence

    Optimistic about the future

    Long-term relationship with at least one other pro-social person

    Close relationships with adults other thanparents

    Willin ness to ne otiate

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    A ccuracy of A ssessments

    No assessment of individuals

    is 100% accurate .

    We live with confusion, uncertainty,and doubt

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    We Can Be Mistaken

    sometimes we dont know enough aboutindividuals They could hide important information.

    Some do not come to the attention of anyonewho could take preventive action they seem to strike without warning

    Most leave a trail of signs that might havealerted astute observers trained to knowwhat these signs mean

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    D iv ersion

    Some people dont handle perceived stressorsin constructive ways

    They want to be diverted

    Some may respond to offers of understanding comfort containment

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    S ummary

    In detecting potential for violence positive factors must be looked for as well as the

    negative factors. When the negatives outweigh the positives, the

    situation is serious

    One or two negative factors in combination withmany positives might indicate individuals who areblowing off steam and are not threats.

    Adults must help children with any risks they have


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