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CLASS 1 – INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY

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PSYC 2120 3.0 Social Psychology Wednesday, January 8 th – April 24 th , 2014 Section M - 11:30-2:30, Vari Hall B Section O – 2:30-5:30, Curtis Lecture Hall L. CLASS 1 – INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY. 1) Class Structure 2) What is social psychology? 3) What methods do social psychologists use? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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PSYC 2120 3.0 Social Psychology Wednesday, January 8 th – April 24 th , 2014 Section M - 11:30-2:30, Vari Hall B Section O – 2:30-5:30, Curtis Lecture Hall L
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  • PSYC 2120 3.0 Social Psychology

    Wednesday, January 8th April 24th, 2014Section M - 11:30-2:30, Vari Hall BSection O 2:30-5:30, Curtis Lecture Hall L

  • CLASS 1 INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY

    1) Class Structure2) What is social psychology?3) What methods do social psychologists use?4) Break5) The psychfiles.com6) One of my favourite articles7) Class 2

  • Class Structure

    What am I going to learn?

    How am I going to learn it?

    How will I be tested on it?

  • Course Instructor

    Dr. Kerry Kawakamiemail: [email protected]: 324 Behavioural Sciences Building (BSB)

    Best contacted via email.

    Website:https://kawakami.squarespace.com/lectures-6405/

  • Course Teaching Assistants Fran Karmaliemail: [email protected]: 321 BSBOffice Hours: Tuesday, 11:00 12:00

    Regis Capraraemail: [email protected]: 321 BSBOffice Hours: Wednesday, 10:00 11:00

  • General DescriptionThe primary goal of this course is to provide students with an introduction to research and theorizing in social psychology. Topics covered in this course will include research methods, attitudes and social information processing, social influence, the self, group processes, prejudice, altruism, aggression, and interpersonal attraction.

  • Class Format

    One three hour class will be held each week consisting of lectures, video clips, and class discussions.

  • Course TextbookAronson, E., Wilson, T. D., Akert, R. M., & Fehr, B. (2013). Social Psychology (Fifth Canadian Edition). Pearson Education Canada.

    This textbook is available from the York Bookstore.ISBN: 9780132165396Price $147.20

    Required reading: Chapters 1 12. Not required: Social Psychology in Action 1, 2, and 3

  • Textbook Websitewww.pearsonmylab.comebook

    Practice test questions

  • Course Administration

    Enrolled?Please check the class list during the break or after class and write down your name if you do not see it on the list.

    PrerequisitesPsyc 1010 6.0, minimum grade of C

    Last Drop Date: March 7, 2014

  • GradingTwo in-class exams (worth 30% each)Wednesday, January 29thWednesday, March 12thMultiple choice and short-answer questionsNoncumulative - Material from lectures, videos, and textbook from each section

    One final exam (worth 40%)Final Exam Period, April 8th April 24th Multiple choice and short answer questionsCumulative - Material from lectures, videos, and textbook from whole course

    Missed Exams

    Grade

  • Course Schedule1) Wednesday, Jan 8th - RegisIntroduction and Methodology

    Reading material and websites:Chapter 1: Introduction to Social Psychology, pp. 2-25.Chapter 2: Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research, pp. 26-53.Check out website:https://kawakami.squarespace.com/lectures-6405/

  • Course Schedule2) Wednesday, Jan 15th - RegisSocial Cognition

    Reading material:Chapter 3: Social Cognition: How We Think about the Social World, pp. 54-87.

    Check out website:https://pearsonmylab.com

  • Course Schedule3) Wednesday, Jan 22nd - RegisSocial Perception and Self-Perceptions

    Reading material:Chapter 4: Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People, pp. 88-121.Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge and the Need to Maintain Self-Esteem, pp. 122-151.

  • Course Schedule4) Wednesday, Jan 29th - RegisFirst In-Class Exam (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5)

  • Course Schedule5) Wednesday, Feb 5th FranAttitudes

    Reading material:Chapter 6: Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior, pp. 152-191.

    Do Web demonstrations of the IAT https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/

  • Course Schedule6) Wednesday, Feb 12th - FranPersuasion

  • Course Schedule7) Wednesday, Feb 19th Reading Week No Classes

  • Course Schedule8) Wednesday, Feb 26th - FranConformity

    Reading material:Chapter 7: Conformity: Influencing Others, pp. 192-233.

  • Course Schedule9) Wednesday, March 5th FranGroup Dynamics

    Reading material:Chapter 8: Group Processes: Influence in Social Groups, pp. 234-269.

  • Course Schedule10) Wednesday, March 12th FranSecond In-Class Exam (Chapters 6, persuasion, 7, and 8)

  • Course Schedule11) Wednesday, March 19th RegisStereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination

    Reading material:Chapter 12: Prejudice: Causes and Cures, pp. 372-415.

  • Course Schedule12) Wednesday, March 26th - FranAltruism and Aggression

    Reading material:Chapter 10: Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help? pp. 310-337.Chapter 11: Aggression: Why We Hurt Other People, pp. 338-371.

  • Course Schedule13) Wednesday, April 2nd - RegisInterpersonal Attraction and Close Relationshipsand Course Wrap-Up

    Reading material:Chapter 9: Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships, pp. 270-309.

  • Course Schedule14) Final Exam: April 8th - 24th (Cumulative) - Fran and Regis - Date and Location TBA

  • Psyc 2120, Social PsychologyClass 1: Introduction and MethodologyReading material:Chapter 1: Introduction to Social Psychology, pp. 2-25.Chapter 2: Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research, pp. 26-53.

    Check out the website:https://kawakami.squarespace.com/lectures-6405/

  • Social Psychology and Its MethodsChapters 1 and 2

    What is social psychology?

    What methods are used?

    The Psych Files

    One of my favorite studies

  • Social PsychologyPsychology: Scientific study of behavior and the mind

    Gordon Allport (1985) Social Psychology isthe scientific study of the way in which peoples (individuals) thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people.

  • Social PsychologyThe scientific study of how we think and feel about, influence, and relate to one another.

    The importance of the ABCs to social psychology- Affect (feelings)- Behavior (actions)- Cognitions (thoughts)

  • Social PsychologyHow does social psychology differ from Sociology?Its about the individual and psychological processesOther areas of psychology?Cognitive psychologyIts socialClinical psychologyIts about normal populationsPersonality psychologyIts about people in general(psychological processes that people have in common with one another)

  • Research (and Theory)in Social PsychologyTheory: An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed eventsCreating hypotheses based on a theory(But can also creating hypotheses based on an observed phenomenon)Testable predictions about the relationship between two or more variables Testing the hypothesesTheory refinement

  • What is a Theory?A theory aims to fill a gap in explaining important phenomena. In basic research, a theory is a system of logical principles that attempts to explain relations among observable phenomena.

  • Signs of a Good TheoryPosits causal relationshipsAttempts to be coherentTells a good storyAims for parsimony (simple explanations are preferable to complex explanations)Is testableProves fertileSolves problemsSusan Fiske (2004)

  • ExampleDoes exerting willpower/control deplete us? Theory: People have a common source of controlled resources/willpower from which they draw. Each time we try to control our will, we reduce this pool of resources. Baumeister et al. (1998)

  • How Can We Test a Hypothesis? Hypothesis:Do women on a diet have fewer cognitive resources than women not on a diet? MethodCorrelational: Observational method*Observe/measure natural associations to assess the relationship between two or more variablesExperimental: manipulate one factor to see if it affects another factor

  • Correlational ResearchExamine whether the occurrence of A is related to the occurrence of B

    Theory: Exerting willpower/control will deplete us. Hypothesis: Women on a diet will have fewer cognitive resources than women not on a diet?

    A diet or notHow observe/measure this?One way - Restrained Eating Scale

    B cognitive resourcesHow observe/measure this?One way Stroop Task

  • Measure of Diet?Restrained Eating Scale

    1 . How often do you diet? Never Rarely Sometimes Usually Always

    2. What is the maximum amount of weight (in pounds) that you have ever lost in one month? 0 4 5-9 10-14 15- 19 2O+

    3. Do you have feelings of guilt after overeating? Never Rarely Often Always

    4. How conscious are you of what you are eating? Not at all Slightly Moderately Very Much

  • Measure of Cognitive ResourcesStroop Task

    Yellow

  • Stroop Task

    Blue

  • Stroop Task

    Red

  • Stroop Task

    XXX

  • Correlational ResearchExamine whether the occurrence of A is related to the occurrence of B

    Example: Does exerting willpower/control deplete us? Do women on a diet have fewer cognitive resources than women not on a diet?Results correlation between score on the restrained eating scale and the Stroop task.

    What is another way of testing this relationship? Another way of operationalizing willpower and controlled resources?

  • Experimental ResearchExamine whether A causes BManipulate independent variableObserve effect on dependent variableBasic principles:Experimental ControlRandom Assignment

  • Experimental ResearchManipulate independent variable to see if it affects the dependent variable

    Example: Does exerting willpower/control deplete us? Independent Variable 1/3 subjects told not to show emotions during sad movie 1/3 subjects given no instructions during sad movie 1/3 not shown a movie and no instructions

    Dependent Variable Holding your hand in cold water for as long as possible

  • Experimental Research

    Manipulate independent variable to see if it affects the dependent variable

    Example: Does exerting willpower/control deplete us?

  • Types of ValidityIssues related to validity are related to whether a relationship exists between 2 variables. Internal Validitywhether changes in the independent variable cause changes in the dependent variable External Validitywhether the results generalize to other labs, participants, settings (e.g., in the field)Mundane versus psychological realism Construct Validitywhether the manipulation related to the independent variable and the measurement of the dependent variable are good representations of the theoretical constructs intended

  • Problems with Correlational ResearchDont know whether A B A B or A B C

  • Problems with Experimental ResearchDont know whether results are externally valid.

  • The Psych FilesThe Psych Fileshttp://www.thepsychfiles.com/

    Episode 45 Research Designhttp://www.thepsychfiles.com/2008/02/episode-45-basic-research-design-part-1/

  • One of My Favourite StudiesDijksterhuis & van Knippenberg (1998)- ideomotor effects- independent variable- dependent variable- procedure

  • Questions?

  • Next ClassClass 2 Social Cognition

    Reading material:Chapter 3: Social Cognition: How We Think about the Social World, pp. 54-87.Check out website:https://pearsonmylab.com


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