2. AGENDA Make-up Vocabulary Test Introduction to Essay #5 Martin Luther Kings I Have A Dream Speech. Organizing your speech 3. Essay #5: Proposing a Solution Assignment: 100 points: Write a speech 700-800 words in length (five to six minutes of presentation). Prompt: Write a speech (based on essay #4) proposing a solution to a well-defined problem faced by a community or group to which you may belong. Alternatively, you may address a well-defined problem faced by one of the districts or communities in The Hunger Games. Address your proposal to your audience: one or more members of the group, its leadership, or to outsiders who may be able to contribute to solving the problem. Present your speech to the class to convince them that your ideas are correct. 4. You will turn in a hard copy of your formal speech (MLA style) on the first speech day. You will perform your speech in class. Speech Form: You may give your presentation as a formal speech; in other words, you may read in front of the class. You may video yourself, put up the video on YouTube, and then show it during class. You may combine the two methods; for example, you may play a video in the background as you talk to the class. You may engage others in your presentation as long as they have a clear role in what you are doing. You may suggest another form. 5. Martin Luther King Jr. has now been dead longer than he lived. But what an extraordinary life it was. At 33, he was pressing the case of civil rights with President John Kennedy. At 34, he galvanized the nation with his "I Have a Dream" speech. At 35, he won the Nobel Peace Prize. At 39, he was assassinated, but he left a legacy of hope and inspiration that continues today. King's most famous speech, "I Have a Dream," was delivered in 1963 at the March on Washington, one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history; it called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. 6. I Have a Dream Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smEqnnklfYs#at=508 7. The Problem What is the problem that King identifies for his listeners? 8. The Problem But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. 9. The Solution What is his solution? Can you find his thesis here? 10. The Solution His thesis (or purpose) statement is that now is the time for equality: Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. 11. Kings Strategies King uses a variety of strategies in his speech: Establishment of Authority Logic and reasoning Appeal to Emotions Through rhetorical strategies Simile Metaphor Personification Allusion But he also uses an organizational strategy that works to captivate the audience. 12. King followed Monroes Motivated Sequence: A Method in Five Steps! The five steps of the Monroe motivated sequence attention need satisfaction visualization action 13. The Attention Step In the attention step, speakers call attention to the situation. King, speaking from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, calls attention to Lincolns signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, the situation of the Negro today (One hundred years later, the Negro still is not free.), and the fact that the words of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence granting all people the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness have not been fulfilled. 14. The Need Step For the need step, speakers describe the difficulty, trouble, distress, crisis, emergency, or urgency. King says, Instead of honoring this sacred obligation [what the Constitution and Declaration of Independence promise], America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check that has come back marked insufficient funds. And why have they come to Washington, D.C.? to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. 15. The Satisfaction Step In the satisfaction step, speakers tell listeners how to satisfy the need they establish. King says, We must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. To march ahead, he said, We can never be satisfied. Then he tells listeners to go back home knowing their situation can and will be changed. 16. The Visualization Step For visualization, speakers offer listeners a vision of what life can be once their solution (offered in the satisfaction step) is adopted. This is where King offers listeners his dream: I have a dream offered along with five different descriptions of what life can and will be like in Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, in communities, and around the world. 17. The Action Step The final stage is the action step when speakers offer listeners a specific course of action to follow. Kings action step occurs when he asks his audience to Let freedom ring, and he uses the phrase at the end of the speech focusing on eight states symbolizing the whole nation. 18. ORGANIZE YOUR SPEECH GET OUT YOUR ESSAY #4 19. Side by SideEssay Outline I. Presentation of the problem A. Its existence B. Its seriousness C. Its causesSpeech OutlineI.In the attention step, speakers call attention to the situation. (The Problem)II.For the need step, speakers describe the difficulty, trouble, distress, crisis, emergency, or urgency. (Its Seriousness)II. Consequences of failing to solve the problem III. Description of the proposed solution IV. List of steps for implementing the solutionV. Reasons and support for the solution A. Acknowledgment of objections B. Accommodation or refutation of objections VI. Consideration of alternative solutions and their disadvantages VII. Restatement of the proposed solution and its advantages VII. End with an inspiring call to action.III. In the satisfaction step, speakers tell listeners how to satisfy the need they establish. (The Solution) IV. For visualization, speakers offer listeners a vision of what life can be once their solution (offered in the satisfaction step) is adopted. (The Promise) V.The final stage is the action step when speakers offer listeners a specific course of action to follow. (Call to Action: Conclusion) 20. Speeches Speeches will be the last two meeting days. Everyone should be prepared to go first. Everyone must show up on both days to get full credit for a speech. Failing to show up on one day will result in a full grade penalty. Participation points will be awarded each day. 21. Homework Reorganize your essay into the five steps of the Monroe motivated sequence. Eliminate sections of your essay that will be cumbersome or unnecessary in your speech. Condense sections that are too long Simplify sections that are difficult to listen to. Bring a clean copy of essay #4, or bring it on your device. Bring a copy of Kings Speech.
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