Components of the UniverseLesson 3
UniverseAll of the things that exist in space
GalaxyOne of the very large groups of planets and stars in the universe
StarA huge ball of very hot gases in space
ConstellationA group of stars that form a shape or pattern
SunThe only star in our solar system
made up of one star and all the planets and other objects that revolve around that starSolar SystemSolar of the sun
PlanetA heavenly body that revolves around a star
satelliteA celestial body that orbits another larger body
Asteroids and CometsBoth asteroids and comets orbit the sun.Asteroid a chunk of rock (less than 1000 km in diameter)Comet a mass of frozen gas, cosmic dust, and ice crystals; a bright heavenly body with a long tail of light; large dirty snowball
Meteoroids, Meteors, MeteoritesA meteoroid is a piece of small rock or metal-like debris which travels in outer space. Most meteoroids are no bigger than a pebble. Large meteoroids are believed to come from the asteroid belt. Smaller meteoroids may have come from the Moon or Mars. If a meteoroid falls into the Earth's atmosphere, it will heat up and begin glowing. This is called a meteor. If you have ever seen a "falling star", you were actually seeing a meteor. Most of the original material burns up before it hits the surface of the Earth. Any leftover part that does strike the Earth is called a meteorite. A meteorite can make a crater, or hole, in the ground when it hits it. The larger the meteorite, the bigger the crater.
Our Solar System
The Sun is the center of our solar system.
The SunHuge ball of hot flowing hydrogen and helium gases Ultimate source of Earths energyConsidered a medium star150 million miles away from the EarthMakes one complete turn every 200250 million years1 million Earths would fit inside the Sun.109 Earths could fit across the Suns diameter.The Sun is the largest star in the Milky Way Galaxy, but compared to other stars in the universe, it is tiny.
Stars are classified by color and brightness.blue = hottestred = coolest
Sunspots are the darker and cooler areas on the sun.
The Sun (and other stars)Solar flares are sudden temporary bursts of hot gases from a small area on the suns surface
There are 9 planets (including Pluto, a dwarf planet)
Know your planets in order. *My very excellent mother just served us nachos and pizza.
Mercury no atmosphere, covered with craters and dustVenus same size as Earth; the hottest and brightest planet because of its atmosphereEarth only planet to support lifeMars has reddish soil and its atmosphere is mostly made of carbon dioxide; known as The Red PlanetThe Inner PlanetsThere are four inner planets.Inner planets are rocky and dense.Have few or no moons
The Asteroid BeltSeparates the inner from the outer planets
The Outer Planets
The outer four planets are called gas giants mostly made up of hydrogen and helium; have many moons
Jupiter largest planet in the solar system; has a storm that has lasted over 400 years
Saturn known for its large beautiful rings
Uranus axis is tilted more than other planets; looks like it has fallen over
Neptune has the fastest winds in the solar system
Pluto small and rocky; not considered a planet anymore (called dwarf planet)
Revolution is based on the distance from the sun.
In general, planets closer to the sun have higher surface temperatures.The exception is Venus which is hotter than Mercury!
We live in the Milky Way Galaxy.One of the largest in the universeHas more than 100 billion starsConsidered a spiral galaxy
Galaxies are classified by their shape: spiral, barred spiral, elliptical, and irregularBeyond our Solar SystemCentaurus A Image Credit & Copyright: Tim Carruthers
Space ExplorationThe telescope was invented in 1609.Russian satellite Sputnik 1 was launched in 1957.1960s Man entered space1969 Neil Armstrong walked on the moonToday, space exploration focuses on other parts of the universe (deep space)Space probes are used to explore space and conduct scientific research.http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/space_level1/probes.html
Hubble TelescopeThe Hubble Space Telescope's launch in 1990 was one of NASAs most successful science missions. Hubble is a telescope that orbits Earth. Its position above the atmosphere gives us a view of space that we cannot get from ground telescopes. Since 1990, the Hubble has beamed hundreds of thousands of images back to Earth to help us better understand many mysteries of the universe. Source: http://hubblesite.org/
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