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Comp.physio. practical exam

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  1. 1. EXAM COURSE ( 257 )
  2. 2. GROUP A
  3. 3. (1) Choose the correct answer The best technique for blood sampling in fish is ; A . Heart puncture. B. Cutting the fish tail ( caudal peduncle ) C. Caudal vein peduncle
  4. 4. (2 ) Complete the following sentence Samples used for bacterial or protozoal count must be collected 4-8 hour post feeding , while those for fungal zoospores count be collected just after feeding
  5. 5. Heart rate in domestic fowl = 290-350 beat/min While blood pressure = 190/150 mmHg (3) Complete the following ;
  6. 6. (4) Name:polyplastron multivesiculatum Physiological role:cellulolytic ,hemicellulolytic ,proteolytic&engulf bacteria
  7. 7. (5) Blood film of avian blood denote thrombocyte , red blood cell
  8. 8. (6) Blood film of fish showing lymphocyte
  9. 9. (7) Complete the following sentence Ruminal short chain volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are acetic , propionic ,and butyric while branched chain VFAs are valeric , isovaleric and isobutyric
  10. 10. (8)Name: gill filament or gill racker Physiological role:gas exchange , sieving feed particles or osmoregulation
  11. 11. (9) Name: bacteroid succinogens Physiological role: cellulolytic , amylolytic
  12. 12. (10) Name: fish testis Physiological role: sperm production
  13. 13. (11) Blood film of avian blood denote heterophil , red blood cells
  14. 14. (12) Choose the correct answer The best stain for differential leukocytes count in teleost fish is ; A. Leishmans stain B. May Grunwalds stain C. Giemsa stain
  15. 15. (13) Mention the main glucocorticoids in birds corticosterone
  16. 16. (14 ) Mention the main two functions of syrinx. 1-sound production 2-prevent collapse
  17. 17. ( 15 ) Complete the following , This model indicates : 1-On first inhalation, air flows through the trachea & bronchi & primarily into the posterior (rear) air sacs. 2-On exhalation, air moves from the posterior air sacs & into the lungs
  18. 18. (16) Name: zoospores Physiological role: cellulolytic & hemicellulolytic
  19. 19. (17) Complete the following sentence Total volatile fatty acids concentration (VFAs) is determined using microkjeldahl apparatus, in which ,the amount of distilled VFAs is titrated against NaoH N/100 in the presence of an indicator called phenolphethalene
  20. 20. (18) Name: accessory lung Physiological role: Respiration outside water Inflate swim bladder, bouyancy
  21. 21. (19) What is the main function of Recurrent bronchi Connect to proximal air sac Through which air pass in retrograde flow To ventilate the lung
  22. 22. (20) Blood film of avian blood , denote heterophil and red blood cell
  23. 23. (21) Complete the following sentence The main site of fish thrombocytes development is spleen while the main hemopoetic organ in fish is anterior kidney
  24. 24. (22) Blood film of avian blood denote monocyte & red blood cell
  25. 25. (23)Name : microkjeldahl apparatus ___ Use : measuring total volatile fatty acid conc.
  26. 26. (24) Complete the following sentence About 40 60 % of blood glucose in ruminants is synthesized from propionic acid , while their essential amino acid requirement ; if not supplied in diet , is satisfied from microbial protein
  27. 27. GROUP B
  28. 28. (1) Name: Testes Physiological role: Sperm production
  29. 29. (2) Name: Zoospores Physiological role: Cellulolytic , hemicellulolytic
  30. 30. (3) Complete the following text The main osmoregulatory structures in bony fish are ; A . Gills B . kidney C . skin
  31. 31. (4) Blood film of Avian blood , denote Heterophil and red blood cell
  32. 32. (5) Name: Accessory lung Physiological role: Respiration outside water ,Inflate swim bladder, bouyancy
  33. 33. (6) Complete the following sentences Birds thyroid glands; A . LocationAt bifurcation of common carotid and subclavian artery or on both sides of trachea in the thoracic inlet B . Hormone binding protein Prealbumin, albumin C . ( t ) of birds thyroid hormones ( T3 & T4 ) are 3-9 hours , 7.5 hours
  34. 34. (7)Blood film of Fish showing Monocyte, and red blood cells
  35. 35. (8) Complete the following text Fermentative digestion need; A. Ruminal microflora B. Optimum PH or ammonia concentration
  36. 36. (9) Mention the name of the thyroid hormones binding protein in birds. Prealbumin & albumin
  37. 37. (10) Name: Fish intestine Physiological role: Absorption of water, feed substrates
  38. 38. (11) Name: Polyplastron Multivesiculatum Physiological role:Cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic, _ proteolytic, engulf bacteria
  39. 39. ( 12 ) Complete the following , This model indicates : 1-On first inhalation, air flows through the trachea & bronchi & primarily into the posterior (rear) air sacs. 2-On exhalation, air moves from the posterior air sacs & into the lungs
  40. 40. (13) Name: Microkjeldahl apparatus Physiological role: measuring Total volatile fatty acids
  41. 41. (14) Blood film of Avian blood , denote thrombocyte , and red blood cell
  42. 42. (15) Mention two main functions only Air sacs aerates bones, thus lighten birds during flight ventilate the lungs
  43. 43. (16) Blood film of Avian blood denote Eosinophil & red blood cell
  44. 44. ( 17 )What are the main functions of ; I - Oral sac : stores food, display organ during breeding II - Crop : crop milk, stores food
  45. 45. (18) Name: Bacteroid succinogens Physiological role: Cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic, amylolytic
  46. 46. (19) Complete the following sentence Ruminal PH is estimated using PH meter ; and the normal ruminal PH required for maximal ruminal activity is 6-8
  47. 47. (20) Blood film of Fish showing lymphocyte
  48. 48. (21) Complete the following sentence About 40 60 % of blood glucose in ruminants is synthesized from Propionic acid,while their essential amino acid requirement ;if not supplied in diet , is satisfied from Microbial protein
  49. 49. (22) Name: oesophagus
  50. 50. ( 23 ) Name: Selenomonas ruminatium Physiological role: Cellulolytic, little proteolytic
  51. 51. ( 24 ) Mention the Post Ovulatory Follicle Functions Secretes progesterone and prostaglandins which affect oviposition Important for nesting behavior Its excision, delay oviposition and abnormal laying time
  52. 52. GROUP C
  53. 53. (1) Complete the following text The end products of ruminal fermentation are; A. Volatile fatty acids B. Microbial protein C. gases
  54. 54. (2) Name: Gill racker or gill filaments Physiological role: Sieving feed particles _ or gas exchange or osmoregulation
  55. 55. (3) Complete the following sentence The microorganisms inhabiting ruminal digestive tract are Protozoa, bacteria and fungi their main roles in ruminant digestion are Microbial protein synthesis, production of volatile fatty acids as a source of energy and glucose and maintaining optimal ruminal conditions
  56. 56. (4) Blood film of Avian blood denote eosinophil & red blood cell
  57. 57. (5) Name: accessory lung Physiological role: Respiration outside water _ Inflate swim bladder to enable bouyancy
  58. 58. (6) Name: Selenomonas ruminantium Physiological role: Cellulolytic, little proteolytic
  59. 59. (7) Complete the following sentences Birds thyroid glands; A . Location At biforcation of common carotid and subclavian artery or on both sides of trachea in the thoracic inlet B . Hormone binding protein Prealbumin and albumin C . ( t ) of birds thyroid hormones ( T3 & T4 ) are 3-9 hours , 7.5 hours
  60. 60. (8) Choose the correct answer The best technique for blood sampling in fish is ; A . Heart puncture. B. Cutting the fish tail ( caudal peduncle ) C. Caudal vein peduncle
  61. 61. ( 9 )Blood film of Avian blood , denote heterophil and red blood cell
  62. 62. (10) Complete the following sentence The main site of fish thrombocytes development is spleen while the main hemopoetic organ in fish is Kidney
  63. 63. ( 11 ) Complete the following , This model indicates; 1-With the second inhalation, air moves from the lungs & into the anterior (front) air sacs 2-With the second exhalation, air moves from the anterior air sacs back into the trachea & out.
  64. 64. (12) Complete the following sentence Ruminal PH is estimated using PH meter ; and the normal ruminal PH required for maximal ruminal activity is 6-8
  65. 65. (13) Mention the main two functions of syrinx. 1- Sound production 2- Acts as a valve to prevent the collapse of the gas exchange tissue during expiration
  66. 66. (14) Blood film of Avian blood denote Heterophil & red blood cell
  67. 67. (15) Complete the following sentence About 40 60 % of blood glucose in ruminants is synthesized from Propionic acid,while their essential amino acid requirement ;if not supplied in diet , is satisfied from Microbial protein
  68. 68. (16 ) Name: Fish ovary Physiological role: Ova production
  69. 69. ( 17 ) Name: Zoospores Physiological role:Cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic, _ pectinolytic, amylolytic
  70. 70. (18) Mention the main glucocortecoids in birds Corticosterone
  71. 71. (19) Blood film of fish showing monocyte, and red blood cells
  72. 72. (20) Blood film of Avian blood denote monocyte & red blood cell
  73. 73. ( 21 ) Why are bird feces white? Due to presence of uric acid (urates)
  74. 74. (22) Name: Polyplastron multivesiculatum Physiological role: Cellulolytic, amylolytic, _ proteolytic, engulf bacteria
  75. 75. (23 ) Mention the Post Ovulatory Follic
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