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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand 1 / 42 Conferences Abstracts 2017 International Conference on Energy and Environmental Science (ICEES 2017) And The 3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies (ICRET 2017) Thammasat University, Thailand January 22-24, 2017
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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Conferences Abstracts

2017 International Conference on Energy and Environmental Science

(ICEES 2017)


The 3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies

(ICRET 2017)

Thammasat University, Thailand

January 22-24, 2017

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

2 / 42


Welcome to ICEES2017 & ICRET2017···········································3

Note & Tips············································································4

Conference Venue····································································5

Technical Program at a Glance····················································· 6

Introduction of Keynote & Plenary Speakers·····································8

Session Schedule····································································13

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Welcome to ICEES2017& ICRET2017

Dear Professors and distinguished delegates,

Welcome to Thailand! On behalf of ICEES2017 & ICRET2017 organization, I am

greatly honored to have the pleasure to welcome you to the 2017 International

Conference on Energy, Environmental Science and Renewable Energy Technologies.

The meeting has been divided into several parts, each parts will involve a topic in

which our attendees from all over the world on this field will to do a present,

sharing his /her latest research in their field with us.

We believe that by this excellent conference, you can get more opportunities for

further communication with researchers and practitioners with the common

interest in Energy, Environmental Science and Renewable Energy Technologies.

I wish the congress will be successful and productive, and wish you to have a pleasa

nt and memorable experience in the beautiful country of Thailand.

Yours sincerely,

Conference Chairs:

Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon, thammasat University, Thailand

Prof. Huang Qi, University of Science and Technology of China,China

Prof. Udaya K. Madawala, the University of Auckland, New Zealand

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Please arrive at the designated conference room 30 minutes earlier, in case some

authors are not able to make the presentation on time.

You can also register at any working time during the conference

Certificate of Participation will be awarded at the end of your presentation

One best presentation will be selected from each session and the author of best

presentation will be awarded the certificate and a gift from the committee.

The organizer won't provide accommodation, and we suggest you make an early


Please get the notification for your paper printed out and it is required when you

register on desk.

Warm Tips for Oral Presentation:

Get your presentation PPT or PDF files prepared

Regular oral presentation: about 15 minutes (including Q&A)

Keynote speech: about 40 minutes (including Q&A)

Plenary speech: about 30 minutes (including Q&A)

Laptop (with MS-Office & Adobe Reader), projector & screen, laser sticks will be

provided by the conference organizer

Please keep your belongings (laptop and camera etc.) with you

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Conference Venue

Thammasat University Convention Park (Gym1)

Address: Thammasat University, 99 moo 18 Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum

Thani 12110, Thailand

99 18 เภ ว ว 12120

Thammasat University Convension Park is the only convention center in Thailand that is fully

equipped with spacious space and technology. We are highly experienced in hosting a variety of

events- from conventions, trade shows, exhibitions to meetings. With our beautiful lively green

environment, TU Convention isn't just a center but it is a TUC "Park" that will give you such

memorable experience with world-call features and amenities.

It is located on more than 120 Rai in Thammasat University (Rangsit Campus), right on

Phahonyothin Road, TUC Park is a perfect location for all kinds of event. It's only 40 kilometers

north of downtown Bangkok and just 17 kilometers from Don Muang Airport. Getting to TUC

Park cannot be easier. There are many options whether buses, vans, and upcoming Red Line


TUC Park is also accessible via the Don Muang Express Way I and Express Way II-- connected

to Suwannabhumi International Airport.

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Technical Program at a Glance

First Day

January 22 Lobby 13:00-17:00 Registration & Materials Collection

Second Day

January 23




09:00-09:10 Opening


Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon

Thammasat University, Thailand

09:10-09:50 Keynote Speech Prof. Saad Mekhilef

University of Malaya, Malaysia

09:50-10:10 Coffee Break & Group Photo

10:10-10:40 Plenary Speech

Prof. Huang Qi

University of Electronic Science

and Technology of China, China

10:40-11:20 Keynote Speech Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon

Thammasat University, Thailand

11:20-12:00 Keynote Speech

Prof. Udaya K. Madawala

The University of Auckland,

New Zealand

January 23

12:00-13:30 Lunch @ Restaurant

January 23





Session I

Solar and

Photovoltaic Systems

8 Presentations

15:30-16:00 Coffee Break


Session II


Science and Urban


10 Presentations

January 23




13:30-14:00 Plenary speech

Prof. Jerry B.


JH Cerilles State College,


14:00-15:45 Session III

Energy Engineering 7 Presentations

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15:45-16:00 Coffee Break


Session IV

Thermal engineering

and Mechanical


9 Presentations

January 23

18:30—20:00 Dinner @ Restaurant

January 24

09:00---17:00 One-day-visit

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Keynote Speaker

Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon

Thammasat University, Thailand

Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon obtained his Bachelor (Honors) and Master of Engineering

specialized in Electrical Power Engineering from the King Mongkut's Institute of

Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand, and received his Ph.D. in Power System

Economics and Policy from the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University),

Victoria, Australia. He later obtained another Master of Art in Politics and Government from

Thammasat University, Bangkok Thailand.

Dr. Leeprechanon is currently with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,

Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University. He has been an active researcher in the area

of electrical power system operations and planning, power system economics and energy

policy for almost 2 decades and has published/presented over 30 articles in both national and

international level related to his research interests in four continents. Dr.Leeprechanon had

experiences in engineering industries, business and higher education sectors. He had worked

in the field of power engineering and associated industries including NS, WIC, BICC, ABB

for several years before joining Thammasat University in 1996. He is currently an Honorable

Advisor of the Standing Committee for Energy, Senate of the Kingdom of Thailand,

Executive Committee of the IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES) Thailand Chapter, His

research interests are Renewable Energy Optimization Modeling, Smart Grid Technology,

Electricity Economics, Tariffs, Restructuring and Reforming of State Enterprise and Public

Utilities. He also plays a key role in driving a Smart Grid policy in Thailand. His managerial

experiences include President of the Faculty Senate, Thammasat University (2007-2013),

Secretary General of the Thai Association of Governing Board of Universities and Colleges

(2012-2013), President of Council of University's Faculty Senate of Thailand (2010-2011),

Deputy Dean of Engineering, Thammasat University (2003-2005).

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Keynote Speaker

Prof. Udaya K. Madawala

The University of Auckland, New Zealand

Udaya K. Madawala (Senior Member IEEE) graduated with B. Sc. (Electrical Engineering)

(Hons) from The University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka in 1987 and received his PhD (Power

Electronics) from The University of Auckland, New Zealand in 1993 as a Commonwealth

Doctoral Scholar. At the completion of his PhD, he was employed by Fisher & Paykel Ltd,

New Zealand, as a Research and Development Engineer to develop new technologies for

motor drives in washing machines. In 1997, he joined the Department of Electrical and

Computer Engineering at The University of Auckland as a Research Fellow. Currently, as a

Full Professor, he focuses on a number of projects related to wireless grid integration of EVs

with bi-directional power flow.

Professor Madawala has over 28 years of both industry and research experience in the fields

of power electronics and magnetics. As an active IEEE member, at present he serves as an

Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics and IEEE Transactions on

Power Electronics, and is a member of the Power Electronics Technical Committee and

Renewable Energy Committee of IEEE Industrial Electronic Society and Power Electronics

Society, respectively. He is also the General Chairman of the 2nd IEEE Southern Power

Electronics Conference (SPEC) 2016 in New Zealand. He has over 200 international journal

and conference publications, and holds a number of patents on inductive (wireless) power

transfer and power converters with several pending. His research interests are in the fields of

renewable energy, power electronics and inductive (wireless) power transfer, for which he

renders his service as a consultant to industry.

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Keynote Speaker

Prof. Saad Mekhilef

University of Malaya, Malaysia

Saad Mekhilef received the B. Eng. degree in Electrical Engineering from University of Setif,

in 1995, and Master of Engineering science and PhD from University of Malaya in 1998 and

2003 respectively. He is currently professor at Department of Electrical Engineering;

University of Malaya. Prof. Saad is the author and co-author of more than 250 publications in

international journals and proceedings. He is actively involved in industrial consultancy, for

major corporations in the power electronics projects. His research interest includes power

conversion techniques, control of power converters, renewable energy and energy efficiency.

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Plenary speaker

Prof. Huang Qi

University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China

Huang Qi received his B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Fuzhou University,

Fuzhou, Fujian, China in 1996, M.S. degree from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China in

1999, and Ph.D. degree from Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, US in 2003. He is

currently a professor at University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC)

and the Deputy Dean of School of Energy Science and Engineering, UESTC, and the

Director of Sichuan State Provincial Lab of Power System Wide-area Measurement and

Control. His current research and academic interests include power system high performance

computing, power system instrumentation, power system monitoring and control, and

integration of distributed generation into the existing power system infrastructure. Dr. Huang

is a senior member of IEEE. He is appointed as a member of New Century Excellent Talents,

Ministry of Education of China.

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Plenary speaker

Prof. Jerry B. SUPERALES

JH Cerilles State College, Philippines

Dr. Jerry B. SUPERALES has twenty (20) years work experience in the government service.

Eighteen (18) years of service in a state-run higher education institution and two (2) years in

local government unit prior to the current employer. Held various academic and

administrative designations aside from having solid technical experience and background in

social and environment researches. Highly motivated, optimistic and with keen insights.

Proven research team leader and outcome-based oriented with broad experience in

limnological techniques for water quality assessment, mangrove habitat/ ecosystem research

and relevant social science researches. Solid planning and organizational skills in

coordinating and implementing research projects from inception stage through completion as

well as presentation of results to relevant conferences/fora and publication to reputable

peer-reviewed scientific journals. Attended various local, national and international

conferences, seminars and workshops related to the field in agriculture, natural resources,

environment and social sciences. Well disciplined and diligent with proven ability to manage

multiple assignments and research team efficiently under extreme pressure while meeting

tight deadline schedules.

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Schedule of Sessions

Keynote Speeches

09:00---12:00 Venue: A1




Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon

Thammasat University, Thailand




Prof. Saad Mekhilef

University of Malaya, Malaysia

Speech Title: The Role of Power Electronics in Providing a Sustainable

Energy Supply

Abstract---Power electronics (PE) is an application oriented and

interdisciplinary area. It uses power semiconductor devices to perform

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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switching action in order to achieve a desired conversion strategy. The PE

plays crucial role of conversion and control of electrical power. The

effective use of electrical energy is a key technique for achieving energy

efficiency, and power electronics technologies that can convert electric

power into the optimum characteristics for each application are essential

part of this approach. Power electronics systems have attracted attention as

key components for building a sustainable energy supply.PE based power

converters are also widely used in conventional and renewable energy


The advancement of semiconductor technology including the power

devices and other components that support power electronics and control

techniques have led to smaller size, higher efficiency, and higher

performance. In this lecture i will describe some examples where power

electronics and power devices are been used in renewable energy and

industrial applications and also highlight the role of PE in providing

sustainable energy supply for future generation.

Coffee Break & Group Photo





Prof. Huang Qi

University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China

Speech Title: The Frontier of Smart Grid Measurement and Testing


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Abstract--- The smart grid has enormous potential to transform our

energy infrastructure to become a self-healing electricity grid that will

reduce energy consumption, which is exciting and deserves our

engineering attention. Under the driving of smart grid development, the

power grids of the future come into reality by enabling intelligent

communication across sensing, measurement, and control layers of the

existing power systems. Sensors and measurements become a core part of

the grid and new challenging problems have to be dealt with and solved.

Also, to fully enjoy the potential benefits of smart grid, advanced testing

solution would have to be developed to verify the functionalities as well

as performances. Improving the reliability and distribution of electricity

through the use of testing & measurement equipment is critical for the

growth of the smart grid.

This talk will discuss the most updated technological development in

measurement and testing solutions of power systems under the smart grid





Dr. Nopbhorn Leeprechanon

Thammasat University, Thailand




Prof. Udaya K. Madawala

The University of Auckland, New Zealand

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Speech Title: Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles

Abstract--- Perceived as one of the most promising means of future

transport, Electric vehicles (EVs) are now gaining wider acceptance.

However, an indispensable component of every EV is the power interface

that facilitates the charging and discharging process of the battery, allowing

for either uni- or bi-directional energy flow to take place between the grid

and EV. Consequently, grid integration of EVs has become one of the main

focuses of current research. This seminar presents the latest advances in grid

integration of EVs. Both wired and wireless technologies, employed for grid

integration of EVs, are discussed and the challenges highlighted. The

seminar particularly focuses on Inductive Power Transfer (IPT) technology,

which is widely used for wireless grid integration of EVs, and presents the

latest advances in stationary and dynamic charging of EVs with

bi-directional power flow.



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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Session I Solar and Photovoltaic Systems


Venue: A1

Session Chair: Dr. G. Kumaresan

Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, India

Presentations: ET2005, ET2004, ET3002, ET019, ES103, ET2003, ET013,


Please arrive at the designated conference room 30 minutes earlier, in

case some authors are not able to make the presentation on time.

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Performance Evaluation of Solar box Cooker assisted with Latent Heat energy

Storage System for Cooking Application

P. Sudhakar, R. Santosh, V. S. Vigneswaran, G. Kumaresan

Institute for Energy Studies, CEG, Anna University, Chennai 600025, India

Abstract—Solar cooking is one of the most promising techniques to meet the

cooking needs in remote areas where electricity and fuel supplies are meager.

Solar box cooker is an efficient device used in solar cooking as it is simple to

fabricate, easy to operate and hazard-free. In this context, the performance

evaluation of a solar box cooker with varied number of reflectors has been

undertaken. It was found that the time consumed for cooking in a box type

solar cooker with four reflectors is lesser compared to that of a single

reflector and its overall utilization efficiency increases with increase in the

cooking mass. Further, a latent heat energy storage system was designed and

fabricated to cook the food at off-peak hours of solar radiation. This latent

heat energy storage system was combined with the solar box cooker. Oxalic

acid dihydrate was used as the phase change material due to its high specific

enthalpy and its melting point lying close to the cooking temperature. It was

found that the solar box cooker with phase change material could be

effectively utilized to cook food during off-peak hours of solar radiation.



The Active Control strategy on the Output Power for Photovoltaic-Storage

Systems Based on Extended PQ-QV-PV Node

Xu Chen, Baorong Zhou, Jianwei Zhai, Yongjun Zhang, Yingqi Yi

School of Electrical Power,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou,


Abstract—In order to solve the problem of voltage exceeding specified

limits and improve the penetration of photovoltaic in distribution network, we

can make full use of the active power regulation ability of energy storage(ES)

and the reactive power regulation ability of grid-connected photovoltaic

inverter to provide support of active power and reactive power for

distribution network. A strategy of actively controlling the output power for

photovoltaic-storage system based on extended PQ-QV-PV node by

analyzing the voltage regulating mechanism of point of commom

coupling(PCC) of photovoltaic with energy storage(PVES) by controlling

photovoltaic inverter and energy storage. The strategy set a small wave range

of voltage to every photovoltaic by making the type of PCC convert among

PQ, PV and QV. The simulation results indicate that the active control

method can provide a better solution to the problem of voltage exceeding

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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specified limits when photovoltaic is connectted to electric distribution




Investigation of Indirect Benefits of PV Rooftop in Thailand

Thapanawat Khumkrong, Surawut Chuangchote*, Dhirayut Chenvidhya,

Krissanapong Kirtikara

King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

Abstract--- Other than electricity generation, which is the direct benefit of

PV rooftop, cooling load reduction due to PV shading is a benefit impact in

the uses of PV rooftop. This report is a study of those indirect benefits of PV

rooftop. Relation of shading of PV modules and reduction of cooling load

was studied in a real testing cite at the office building of CES Solar Cell

Testing Center (CSSC). Several data, i.e. solar radiation, rooftop

temperatures before/after PV-panel installation, and electricity consumed by

equipment, were monitored and collected. This data could be further

estimated for cooling load via transient heat conduction approach.



Evaluation of mismatch losses due to shunts in industrial Silicon photovoltaic

modules P. Somasundaran, M. Shilpi and R.Gupta

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Government Engineering

College, Wayanad, Mananthavady, India

Abstract— In order to achieve higher efficiencies in photovoltaic module

technology, it is important to characterize the shunts and other defects which

degrade the performance of cells and modules as well as decrease their

efficiency. These shunts also affect the reliability of cells and modules. It is

important to understand how much fill factor and power loss is caused by the

presence of shunts in the module. Shunts not only reduce the module power

output, but also affect the I-V characteristics of the cell and hence the

characteristics of the shunted cells are different from those of the shunt-free

cells connected in the module leading to the mismatch effect. This is an

interesting effect which has been systematically investigated in the present

work. Moreover, the flow of increased shunt current will give rise to

increased temperature in the region of shunt, which will affect the cell and

hence module performance. In the present study, the distributed diode model

has been extended to the module level and applied to evaluate the electrical

mismatch losses and thermal mismatch losses due to shunts in industrial

Silicon PV modules.

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Experimental study of the influence of varying ceiling height on the heat release

rate of a pool fire

Jiahao LIU, Jian WANG & Richard YUEN

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of

China Hefei, China

Abstract—To investigate the influence of ceiling height on the combustion

process of a pool fire whose flame impinges the ceiling, a sequence of pool

fires with varying ceiling heights was performed using a scaled-down cone

calorimeter. N-heptane and jet-A were employed as fuels to conducted the

tests. Experimental findings reveal that with the decreasing ceiling height, the

maximum and average heat release rates will initially increase due to the

enhanced heat feedback, and then decrease as a result of the restriction of air

entrainment caused by the extremely small ceiling height. In addition, the

dimensionless ceiling height is found to have a linear relationship with the

logarithm value of the dimensionless averaged heat release rate for the two

given fuels with the similar slope of -2/3.



Multi-objective Optimal Power Flow for Active Distribution Network

Considering the Stochastic Characteristic of Photovoltaic

Baorong Zhou, Siliang Liu, Yongjun Zhang,Yingqi Yi and Xiaoming Lin

School of Electrical Power, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou,


Abstract— To mitigate the impact on the distribution networks caused by

the stochastic characteristic and high penetration of photovoltaic, a

multi-objective optimal power flow model is proposed in this paper. The

regulation capability of capacitor, inverter of photovoltaic and energy storage

system embedded in active distribution network are considered to minimize

the expected value of active power loss and probability of voltage violation in

this model. Firstly, a probabilistic power flow based on cumulant method is

introduced to calculate the value of the objectives. Secondly,

NSGA-Ⅱalgorithm is adopted for optimization to obtain the Pareto optimal

solutions. Finally, the best compromise solution can be achieved through

fuzzy membership degree method. By the multi-objective optimization

calculation of IEEE34-node distribution network, the results show that the

model can effectively improve the voltage security and economy of the

distribution network on different levels of photovoltaic penetration.





Salih Ertan, Cevdet Kaynak , Atilla Cihaner

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Atilim University,

Ankara, Turkey

Polymer Science and Technology Department, Middle East Technical University,

Ankara, Turkey

Abstract—A new type, covalently bonded organic-inorganic hybrid monomer

(EDOT-POSS) was synthesized by using polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane

(POSS), a nano-size support group. This monomer was polymerized chemically

and electrochemically, and it (PEDOT-POSS) was found that both of the

polymers are soluble in most organic solvents like chloroform, dichloromethane,

tetrahydrofuran, etc. When compared with its parent polymer (PEDOT), POSS

incorporated polymer film showed higher percent transmittance (ΔT% = 74% for

17 mC/cm2 film thickness) and coloration efficiency (coloration efficiency is

about 582 cm2/C for the same film), lower switching time (0.9 s), higher

electrochemical stability (93% of its electroactivity retains after 5000 cycles

under ambient conditions). These advantages make PEDOT-POSS a promising

polymer in order to be used in electro-optical applications instead of PEDOT.



Reliability Analysis of DFIG Based Wind Energy Conversion System

O.P Bharti, R.K.Saket*, S.K.Nagar

Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras

Hindu University),Varanasi-221005 (Uttar Pradesh), India

Abstract— This paper depicts the Reliability evaluation of the DFIG based wind

energy conversion system for a WT application and brief description of wind

turbine system and DFIG components. To analyze the DFIG reliability, the basic

concept of reliability and their historical data analysis of WT have been done.

The main contribution of this paper is reliability aspect of the DFIG in details.

Coffee Break


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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Session II Environmental Science and Urban



Venue: A1

Session Chair: Prof. Jerry B. SUPERALES

JH Cerilles State College, Philippines

Presentations: ES229, ES211, ES215, ES218, ES224, ES239, ES210,

ES226, ES016, ES221

Please arrive at the designated conference room 30 minutes earlier, in case

some authors are not able to make the presentation on time.

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Rainfall-Runoff Modeling of Ajay River Catchment Using SWAT Model

Subhadip Kangsabanik, Sneha Murmu

Department of Civil Engineering,Indian Institute of Engineering Science and

Technology, Shibpur ,Howrah, India

Abstract— The present study is based on SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment

Tool) Model which integrates the GIS information with attribute database to

estimate the runoff of Ajay River catchment. SWAT is a physically based

distributed parameter model which has been developed to predict runoff, erosion,

sediment and nutrient transport from agricultural watersheds under different

management practices. The SWAT Model works in conjunction with Arc GIS. In

the present study the catchment area has been delineated using the DEM (Digital

Elevation Model) and then divided into 19 sub-basins. For preparation of landuse

map the IRS-P6 LISS-III image has been used and the soil map is extracted from

HWSD (Harmonized World Soil Database) Raster world soil map. The sub

basins are further divided into 223 HRUs which stands for Hydrological

Response Unit. Then by using 30 years of daily rainfall data and daily maximum

and minimum temperature data SWAT simulation is done for daily, monthly and

yearly basis to find out Runoff for corresponding Rainfall. The coefficient of

correlation (r) for rainfall in a period and the corresponding runoff is found to be




Ecosystems assessment by methods of remote sensing in the short-wave range

of radio waves

Belov S.Yu. & Belova I.N.

M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, M.V.Lomonosov MSU, Moscow,


Abstract---In this paper, we propose a new method for estimating the

parameters of incoherent signal/noise ratio for ecosystems assessment. The paper

presents the results of comparison of the measurement method from the point of

view of their admissible relative analytical errors. The new method is suggested.

A comparative analysis and shows that the analytical (relative) accuracy of the

determination of this parameter new method on the order exceeds the

widely-used standard method. Monitoring of the earth's surface by remote

sensing in the short-wave band allows one to diagnose subsurface aspects of the

earth, as the scattering parameter is affected by irregularities in the dielectric

permittivity of subsurface structures.



Advanced Wastewater Treatment Using Microalgae: Effect of Temperature on

Removal of Nutrients and Organic Carbon

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January 22-24, 2017 | Thammasat University, Thailand

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Mohamad Shurair, Fares Almomani, Simon Judd, Rahul Bhosale, Anand

Kumar, Ujjal Gosh

Department of Chemical Engineering, Qatar University, P.O box 2713, Qatar

Abstract---This study evaluated the use of mixed indigenous microalgae

(MIMA) as a treatment process for wastewaters and CO2 capturing technology

at different temperatures. The study follows the growth rate of MIMA, CO2

Capturing from flue gas, removals of organic matter and nutrients from three

types of wastewater (primary effluent, secondary effluent and septic effluent). A

noticeable difference between the growth patterns of MIMA was observed at

different CO2 and different operational temperatures. MIMA showed the highest

growth grate when injected with CO2 dosage of 10% compared to the growth for

the systems injected with 5% and 15 % of CO2. Ammonia and phosphorus

removals for Spirulina were 69%, 75%, and 83%, and 20%, 45% and 75 % for

the media injected with 0, 5 and 10% CO2. The results of this study show that

simple and cost-effective microalgae-based wastewater treatment systems can be

successfully employed at different temperatures as a successful CO2 capturing

technology even with the small probability of inhibition at high temperatures.



Impact Analysis Against Waste Water Drainage Water Quality Cisadane-Based

Land Use

Noni Valeria Sidabutar, Idi Namara, Djoko M Hartono, and Tri Edhi Budhi


Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Abstract--- In Indonesia, drainage cannal still is multifunctional, that is for storm

water runoff as well as the effluent of domestic wastewater. These conditions

take effect on river water quality. Including that occur in Cisadane river which is

an important river for the city of Tangerang. This river is the main source of raw

water for water supply to the city of Tangerang Objective of this study is to get a

level of pollution that occurs in Cisadane and analyze the impact of waste water

drainage on water quality of the river. This research represent field research, is

by taking water samples directly from drainage canal and river water based on

residential areas, industrial and mixed used. The sample of water and then a

laboratory test on the Laboratory of Environmental Health at the University of

Indonesia. The sample test results are then analyzed by the method STORET,

then by comparing the level of pollution of drainage and wate river based

land-use. The final results showed that effluent water from domestic waste

affected the water quality of the river, especially in dense residential areas and

industrial areas.



Contribution of Agriculture Education Program on the Quality of Life of the

Grassroots Community Residents: Its Impact to Environmental Value and



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Agriculture Department, Tawi-Tawi Regional Agricultural College, Nalil,

Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines

Abstract--- Agriculture education program and agriculture related activities make

up the basic fabric of rural life which significantly contributed to the overall

plight of rural regions in terms of employment and business opportunities,

infrastructure and quality of the environment. The study focused three main

parameters on describing the socio-economic characteristics of the grassroots

respondents involving three main indicators: their income; shelter; and

employment. The socio-psychological factors of the respondents were also

considered focusing on their income level, type of housing and living conditions,

reasons of unemployment and aspiration that concerned on the perspective of the

respondents towards environmental value and management. Eleven

municipalities in Tawi-Tawi province located in the Southern Philippines were

considered as the study sites involving 3,000 grassroots community residents

who were graduates of agriculture education as of 2010 to 2015 as respondents.

Intensive personal interview was conducted using a Close-ended questionnaires

to gain testimonial information on the impact of the agriculture program to

environmental value and management. Statistical tools and procedures were

employed in analyzing the gathered data. Fifty eight (58%) percent of the

respondents were female, married, ages between 30-40 years old and belonged to

Sama and Tausog tribe. Around forty-two percent of the respondents obtained

the degree in Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, 32% finished Bachelor of

Science in Forestry, 20% graduated Bachelor of Science in Home Technology

and, 14.5% graduated Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Education. Majority of

them (90%) had small houses, lived with 6-10 extended family members, and

stayed 16-20 years in the area or community. Most of them (60%) were

self-employed, engaged in nonagriculture related small businesses for their

source of income, earned an annual family gross income ranging 200,000 -

300,000. Agriculture education program has high impact to environmental value

and management but it has less productive inputs due to lack of updating the

curriculum or technology content of the course. Agriculture education was found

to have high correlation (r = 0.531) with environmental value and management.

This academic program affects quality of life in terms of employment that was

generally achieved through the process of empowerment from the academic

institution. By and large, the study provides hint on significant impacts of

agricultural education to environmental value and management that can be

measured in terms of employment, economic status, and shelter condition of the

populace. The study had come up with a new conceptual model on

environmental value and management which included empowerment, security

and opportunity.


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17:15-17:30 WATER QUALITY

In West Tarum Canal, Jakarta - Indonesia

Noni Valeria Sidabutar;Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo;Djoko M. Hartono;Idi Namara

School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia

Abstract—The raw water in Jakarta is supplied from Jatiluhur Dam, which is

distributed pass through West Tarum Canal with an open canal about 70 km long.

This water quality does not meet the standard set by the government and heavily

polluted by anthropogenic activities along its river. This research uses a

quantitative research approach with the mix-method. This research did an

in-depth interview with inhabitants along the riverbank about their daily activity.

The water along the riverbank is polluted by anthropogenic activities, such as:

first: domestic activities (washing, cooking, and bathing), second: littering into

the river, and third: discharging waste water from households into the river. This

present research measures water quality for parameters pH, temperature,

Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Dissolved

Solid (TDS), Total Suspended Solid (TSS), and Fecal coliform. In this social

segment, it is shown that pH, DO, TDS and Fecal coliformin the downstream

part are worse than in the upstream.



Gasification of waste high density polyethylene/wood chip mixtures in a

continuous downdraft gasifier system

Athibhatt Thawichsri & Surachai Sanitjai

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,KMUTT,Bang Mot, Thungkhru, Bangkok


Abstract--- This experiment is a study on gasification of municipal plastic waste

mixed with wood chip. It was investigated in small scale continuous downdraft

gasifier which was designed to continuously produce 100 kW of heat. The

reactor was fed continuously with woodchip which was mixed with high density

polyethylene waste (HDPE) from municipal solid waste as fuel from 0 and 5%by

weight. In each case, 60 kg of fuel was tested in downdraft gasifier using air

flow rate of 6 – 24 Nm3/h to investigate the producer gas characteristics and

gasification process. This producer gas can be used for heating or in gas engine

for electrical production.

The investigation results show that the producer gas from mixing fuel contains

CO2,H2, N2, CH4 and CO. The percentage of CO2 was decreased but the

percentage of CH4 and CO was increased when the percentage of HDPE was

increased in mixed fuel. The change in gas composition results in higher heating

value of the producer gas. From the analysis on results, the producer gas consists

of H2 10.38-18.75%, CO 1.96-4.68%, CH4 5.12-8.04%, CO2 9.78-12.26% and

N2 60.05-70.22%. The calculated higher heating value of the producer gas was

3.63–6.01 MJ/Nm3.

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The cold gas efficiency was increased along with fed air flow rate of 6-18

Nm3/h. However, when fed air flow rate is higher than 24 Nm3/h, the cold gas

efficiency found to be decreased. The maximum cold gas efficiency was

66.93 %, when fed air flow rate was 18 Nm3/h and mixing fuel of HDPE was




Hazardous Waste Minimization Challenge InAutocomponent Industry, West


Lidia Handayani & SetyoSarwantoMoersidik

School of Environmental Science, University of Indonesia, Salemba, Jakarta,


Abstract---Modern industries have managed their hazardous waste through

hazardous waste management with End of Pipe approach. As part of the most

robust industry, autocomponent industry have to manage their hazardous waste

from production process. To meet sustainable manufacturing, waste

minimization is required. Hazardous waste minimization in practice is relatively

difficult to implemented. This paper explore hazardous waste management and

waste minimization activity in one of autocomponent industry in Indonesia.

Hazardous waste minimization regulation also explain in this paper. Regarding

waste minimization implementation there were some obstacle such as lack of

awareness and knowledge, lack of time and economic factor.



Pre-chlorination contact time and the removal and control of Microcystis

aeruginosa in Coagulation

Teetawat Lapsongpon, Suchat Leungprasert and Chihiro Yoshimura

National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand

Abstract--- The use of pre-oxidation is known to improve algae removal by

coagulation and control the growth of algae. The contact time between oxidants

and algae in pre-oxidation stage has been found as important parameter. This

study investigated the effect of pre-chlorination contact time on the control and

removal of cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa by coagulation. The results

showed that when the alum dose was sufficient, increasing contact time showed

an improvement in algae removal by coagulation in case of high chlorine dose.

The algae removal ratio at high chlorine dose, 3 mg L-1 increased when contact

time increased and it decreased after 30 minutes of contact time. In contrast, the

result from chlorine dose, 2 mg L-1, showed an unclear trend when contact time

increased. Adding 2 mg L-1 of pre-chlorination with 10 minutes of contact time

was enough to control the regrowth of M. aeruginosa. In addition, dissolve

organic carbon (DOC) and UV absorbance at 254 nm, which particulary

indicates aromatic compounds, tended to increase when the contact time

increased. The increased of DOC and UV 254 indicated the release of

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intracellular organic matter (IOM) from M. aeruginosa. High level of DOC, 0.68

mg L-1 in this study showed negative effect on M. aeruginosa removal by

coagulation and could not be removed by coagulation process.



Daylight Strategies for Architectural Studio Facilities: The Literature Review

Muhammad Anas Othman, Nur Azfahani Ahmad and Azizah Md Ajis

University Technology MARA, Malaysia

Abstract--- The implementation of daylighting strategies in buildings is a

common aspect in architecture. However, due to the availability of inexpensive

electricity, natural lighting strategies became insignificant, and been overlooked

by designers. With the current concern over rapid increment on electricity cost,

many designers now try to revitalized daylighting strategies in buildings. This

includes educational buildings. In Malaysian cases, it is a norm that universities;

especially during lecture and studio sessions, used artificial lighting throughout

the day. Definitely, this is not parallel with the “green” aim made by the

Government in the Malaysian Plan. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the

impact of daylight strategies for educational studios in universities, by

maximising the penetration of natural daylight into the space towards creating a

more green-conducive studio. The paper review literature about the types,

criteria and benefits of daylight strategies. This paper also presented a pilot study

that has been performed in one university in Perak, Malaysia, by selecting

architectural studios as the main subject.

Dinner @ Restaurant


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Plenary speech by Prof. Jerry B. SUPERALES Venue: A2


JH Cerilles State College, Philippines

Session III: Energy Engineering 14:00---15:45

Venue: A2

Session Chair: Associate Prof. Dr.Pongjet Promvonge

King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang,Thailand

Presentations: ET2006, ET3003,ES012,ES209,ES220,ES234,ES014

*Please arrive at the designated conference room 30 minutes earlier, in case some authors are

not able to make the presentation on time.




Assessment on Climate Change Awareness and Risks Perceptions Among

Elementary Teachers in the Southeastern Part of Zamboanga Del Sur, Philippines

Jerry B. Superales

JH Cerilles State College, Philippines

Abstract---Climate change is quite alarming and perceivable nowadays and

considered as a threat to human society and natural ecosystems. Lectures on

environmental concerns were being conducted to 107 Elementary Teachers

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randomly selected from the five municipalities in the southeastern part of

Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. Pre and post lecture tests were administered to

determine the levels of climate change awareness and risks perceptions among

Teachers and how informed they are about the existing environmental issues.

Structured questionnaire was used in the collection of data while descriptive

statistics were employed as the main analysis techniques. The results show that

there are significant differences between the results of pre-test and post-test on

climate change awareness, similar to their perceptions on climate change risks.

Respondents were fully aware on the existence of El Niño, global warming and

La Niña. While the water scarcity, decline in fishery production, and biodiversity

loss were on the top of the list among the risks perceived by the Teachers.

Results further indicate that most of the respondents have fair general knowledge

about the issue and became fully aware only after given the lecture on the subject

at hand. Thus, the value of conducting information campaign on climate change

plays a significant role to help the public in making decisions in its adaptation

and mitigation strategies. The knowledge of teachers on climate change is

potential to educate the elementary pupils on mitigating measures related to the

lingering issue. Intensive information campaign on climate change, its features,

impacts, and mitigation measures to the localities and different sectors of the

society have to be massively considered.



Low-Cost Energy Contraption Design Using Playground Seesaw

Ivane Ann P. Banlawe and Noli Jotham Ezekiel L. Acosta Jr.

School of Graduate Studies, Mapùa Institute of Technology,Manila, Philippines

Abstract--- The study was conducted at Western Philippines University, San

Juan, Aborlan, Palawan. The study used the mechanical motion of playground

seesaw as a means to produce electrical energy. The study aimed to design a

low-cost prototype energy contraption using playground seesaw using locally

available and recycled materials, to measure the voltage, current and power

outputs produced at different situations and estimate the cost of the prototype.

Using principle of pneumatics, two hand air pumps were employed on the two

end sides of the playground seesaw and the mechanical motion of the seesaw up

and down produces air that is used to rotate a DC motor to produce electrical

energy. This electricity can be utilized for powering basic or low-power

appliances. There were two trials of testing, each trial tests the different pressure

level of the air tank and tests the opening of on-off valve (Full open and half

open) when the compressed air was released. Results showed that all pressure

level at full open produced significantly higher voltage, than the half open.

However, the mean values of the current and power produced in all pressure

level at full and half open have negligible variation. These results signify that the

energy contraption using playground seesaw is an alternative viable source of

electrical energy in the playgrounds, parks and other places and can be used as

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an auxiliary or back-up source for electricity.



Enhancement of Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Lignin Removal of Bagasse Using

Photocatalytic Pretreatment

Patcha Pattanapibul, Navadol Laosiripojana, Surawut Chuangchote*,Verawat

Champreda, Jerawut Kaewsaenee

King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand

Abstract---Pretreatment for reduction of biological resistance in a

lignocellulosic material, i.e. bagasse, for enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation

was investigated. Photo catalyst (TiO2) was used as an additive composition to

assist this pretreatment process. Reaction time was varied (24, 48, and 72h) to

find the optimum condition for the pretreatment, while concentration of solvent

(NaOH, H2O2, or NH4OH), biomass to solvent ratio, and weight ratio of

catalyst to bagasse were fixed at 2 M, 1:20 g/ml (typically, solvent = 150 ml),

and 1:5, respectively. Batch reaction temperature was at 25°C. After the

pretreatment, the enzymatic digestibility of pretreated bagasse was carried out to

find the sugar yield. Hydrolysis of pretreated bagasse with photo catalyst show

higher sugar yields than the conventional reactions without photo catalyst. The

maximum yields of sugars(541.03 mg glucose and 192.79 mg pentose) were

obtained at the longest reaction time.



Studies on performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine fueled with

diesel and bitter apricot kernel oil biodiesel blends

Virender Singh Gurau, Sarbjot Singh Sandhu and Akash Deep

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar,India

Abstract--- Vegetable oils are produced from numerous oil seed crops. While all

vegetable oils have high energy content, most require some processing to assure

safe use in internal combustion engines. Some of these oils already have been

evaluated as substitutes for diesel fuels. In the present research work Bitter

Apricot kernel oil was employed as a feedstock for the production of biodiesel.

The physico-chemical properties of the Bitter Apricot kernel oil methyl ester

were investigated as per ASTM D6751. From the series of engine testing, it is

conclude that the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) with biodiesel blend was little

lower than that of diesel. BSEC is slightly higher for Bitter apricot kernel oil

methyl ester blends than neat diesel. For biodiesel blends, CO emission was

lower than diesel fuel as B 20 reduced CO emissions by 18.75%. Approximately

11% increase in NOx emission was observed with 20% biodiesel blend. It is

observed that HC emissions tend to decrease for biodiesel based fuels and

Smoke opacity was found lower for biodiesel blends in comparison to diesel


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The Development of Control and Monitoring System

Irfan Syarif Arief, Irwan Hidayat Suherman,Arinta Yulistya Wardani & Achmad


Dept of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya,


Abstract--- Control and monitoring system is a continuous process of securing

the asset in the Marine Current Renewable Energy. A control and monitoring

system is existed each critical components which is embedded in Failure Mode

Effect Analysis (FMEA) method. As the result, the process in this paper

developed through a matrix sensor. The matrix correlated to critical components

and monitoring system which supported by sensors to conduct decision-making.



Rapid clathrate hydrate conversion using a heavy guest molecule

Yun-Ho Ahn, Hyery Kang and Huen Lee

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (BK21+ program),

KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Abstract--- Clathrate hydrates with the ability to provide nanoporous structures

for encaging gas molecules at a high volume ratio (v/v) are needed to improve

current industrial gas storage & transportation. Direct clathrate hydrate formation

from liquid water without mechanical agitations has yielded a very low

conversion rate due to the mass transfer limitation between phases. This work

unprecedentedly discovered a heavy guest molecule to accelerate the clathrate

hydrate formation and demonstrated nearly full conversion to clathrate hydrate

directly by renewing liquid-liquid interfaces without mechanical agitations and




The Energy Audit Process forUniversities Accommodation in Malaysia: A

Preliminary Study

Muhammad Hilmi Dzulkefli, Nur Azfahani Ahmad & Hayati Mohd Isa

Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying,University Technology MARA,


Abstract--- The increase of energy consumption in the Malaysian Universities

has raised national concerns due to the fact that its consumption increase

government fiscal budget and at the same time contributes negative impacts

towards the environment. The purpose of this research is to focus on the process

of energy audit conducted in the Malaysian universities and to identify the

significant practice that can improve energy consumption of the selected

universities. The significant criteria in energy audit may be found by comparing

the energy implementation process of selected Malaysian universities through

the investigation of energy consumption behavior and the number of electrical

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appliances, equipment, machinery and buildings activities that have an impact on

energy consumption that can improve energy-efficiency in building. The Energy

Efficiency Index (EEI) will be used as an indicator and combined with the

suggested application of HOMER software to obtain solution and possible

improvement of energy consumption during energy audit implementation. A

document analysis approach will also be obtained in order to identify the best

practice through the selected energy documentations. The result of this research

may be used as a guideline for other universities that consume high energy in

order to help improving the implementation of energy audit process in their




Scenario-based Water-Energy Nexus Analysis of Turkish Electricity Production


Murat Kucukvar and Nuri Cihat Onat

Istanbul Sehir University,Turkey

Abstract--- This research presents the first empirical study on the water-energy

nexus analysis of electricity productions sectors in Turkey. Two water footprint

categories such as withdrawal and consumption will be analyzed. The

ARIMA-based time-series forecasting model will be developed to estimate the

amount of electricity production from renewable and nonrenewable resources

until 2030. Three official scenarios of Turkish Ministry of Development such as

i-business-as-usual, ii-renewable energy development plan and iii-low-carbon

energy production plan will be analyzed. An excel-based decision support tool

will be demonstrated in order to present the details of water-energy nexus

analysis. Finally, the best policy recommendations will be offered to the

government decision makers to minimize the water footprint of Turkish energy

production in future.

Coffee Break


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Session IV: Thermal engineering and Mechanical Engineering 16:00-18:15

Venue: A2

Session Chair: Prof. Chul H. Jo

Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering,Inha University,Incheon, South Korea

Presentations: ES202, ES225,ET3006,ET3007,ES015,ES228,ES233, ET2002,ES240

*Please arrive at the designated conference room 30 minutes earlier, in case some authors are not able to

make the presentation on time.



Tensioned wire guided retrieveing and installing technology for HAT tidal

current power system

Chul H. Jo, Kang Hee Lee and Myeong Joo Kim

Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering,Inha

University,Incheon, South Korea

Abstract--- Tidal current power is one of the ocean energies which can extract

electricity from flow mainly caused by tide; high and low tides. The advantages

of tidal current power are predictability and sustainability and continuity. Having

a limited accessible working window in strong current area, it is very important

and also critical to establish the maintenance scheme to minimize the retrieval

and installation duration of tidal device. The diver-less method to reduce any

hazard to diver during maintenance is to be developed as per the site condition

and the configuration of device. In this research, a tensioned wire guided concept

has been developed for HAT (Horizontal Axis Turbine) tidal energy convertor.

For easy and stable stabbing into the vertical pile which is fixed on a base, the

pile top end is designed as a cone shape to receive the nacelle. The wire is

connected from nacelle and pile tip to guide the nacelle into the pile. To

investigate the acceptability and reliability of operation for various current

speeds, an experimental model of 1/34 scaled has been made and tested in CWC

(Circulating Water Channel) in Inha University. The experimental results show

that workability is proportional to wire angle and guide wire tension due to

restoring force. It is concluded from this research that the tensioned wire guide

method for HAT tidal current device is highly effective and can be applied to

reduce the maintenance cost and to increase the working time for retrieving and

installing in high current speed region.



Experimental study on evaporation characteristics of a hydrogen peroxide droplet at

elevated temperature

Jonghan Won, Hongjae Kang, SeungWook Baek, and Sejin Kwon

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Department of Aerospace Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and

Technology (KAIST), 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea

Abstract--- In this study, evaporation characteristics of a hydrogen peroxide

droplet, 90% purity, was experimentally investigated at elevated temperature

(between 400 and 800℃) and atmospheric pressure under normal gravity.

Elevated temperature atmosphere was provided by electric furnace inside the

chamber. The range of a droplet size was 1.1 mm to 1.3 mm. The evaporation

process of a droplet was recorded by high speed CCD camera. As analysing the

image extracted from the camera using the program, evaporation rate of a single

droplet was calculated at each ambient temperature. After thermal expansion

period, evaporation rate of a hydrogen peroxide droplet followed d2-law but

thermal expansion period didn’t clearly separate at 400℃. The evaporation rate

increased with increase in ambient temperature. Also thermal decomposition of

hydrogen peroxide increased at high temperature.



Numerical Thermal Performance Study in a Heat Exchanger Tube with Inclined

Elliptical Rings

W. Sodsri, C. Thianpong, Pongjet Promvonge*, S. Tamna

Mechanical Engineering Dept, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute

of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520, Thailand

Abstract—The paper deals with a numerical study on the effect of inclined

elliptical ring (IER) on heat transfer augmentation in a uniform heat-fluxed heat

exchanger tube. In the present work, the 60 IER was mounted repeatedly in the

tube with six different eccentricity ratios (ER= b/a = 1, 0.9, 0.8, 0.7, 0.6 and 0.5)

at a single ring-pitch ratio PR= 1.0. Air as the test fluid flows into the tube for

Reynolds number ranging from 4000 to 20,000. To find the optimum thermal

performance, the effect of ER values on the heat transfer and pressure loss is

investigated. The study indicates that the use of IER can induce higher turbulent

intensity imparted to the flow leading to higher heat transfer in range of about

237 to 461% above the smooth tube.



Numerical Heat Transfer Study in a Round Tube with 60o V-Shaped Rings

Y. Kaewkohkiat, Watanyu Pairoj, P.Promvonge*, S. Tamna

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King

Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand

Abstract—Turbulent flow and heat transfer behaviors in a 3-dimensional

isothermal tube mounted repeatedly with 60o V-shaped rings (V-rings) are

numerically investigated. The computation based on the finite volume method

with the QUICK numerical scheme and the Realizable k-

was conducted for the airflow rate in terms of Reynolds number (Re) in the

range of 4000 to 20,000. The ring parameters include three flow blockage ratios,

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(BR=e/D=0.1, 0.15 and 0.2) and a single ring pitch ratio, PR=1. The computed

result shows that friction factor and Nusselt number (Nu) increase with the

1.73 with Nu/Nu0 = 4.5 is at BR=0.1 and Re=4000. For the need of maximum

heat transfer enhancement (Nu/Nu0), the case of BR=0.2 V-ring is selected to

make modification since this case provides the highest heat transfer and pressure

loss. The modification is made by cutting off both ends of the BR=0.2 V-ring and

the effect of cutting off (called end-cut ratio, ER=c/e) on thermal performance is

also examined. The study reveals that for the end-cut V-ring, the friction factor is

considerably decreased while the heat transfer rate reduces moderately with

increasing ER. The end-cut V-ring yields the maximum

Re= 4000 with Nu/Nu0 of about 5.4. Thus, the Nu/Nu0 of the end-cut V-ring is

found to be about 20% higher than that of the BR=0.1 V-ring.



Environmental, Economic, and Social Impacts of Alternative Vehicle

Technologies: An Integrated Multi-criteria Decision Making Approach

Nuri Onat and Murat Kucukvar

Istanbul Sehir University,Turkey

Abstract---The proposed framework aims to fill important knowledge gaps in

the literature that can be classified as application-based and mythological

contributions. Methodologically, this research aims to advance an existing

sustainability assessment framework, known as the Life Cycle Sustainability

Assessment by integration of input-output analysis and multi-criteria decision

making to analyze the trade-off relationships between triple bottom line impacts.

Application based contribution of this work is to quantify macro-level social,

economic, and environmental impacts of alternative passenger vehicle

technologies and to estimate the optimum passenger vehicle mix in the U.S. In

total, 16 macro-level sustainability indicators are quantified for seven different

vehicle types including conventional, hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and full battery

electric vehicles. The analysis covers all life cycle phases and includes two

different charging scenarios in which electric vehicles charged through (S1)

existing power infrastructure and (S2) solar charging stations. Analysis results

revealed that existing electricity generation mix does not favor widespread

adoption of electric vehicles. S2 increased the sustainability performance of

electric vehicles significantly. In S1, when the environmental and

socio-economic indicators have equal importance, hybrid electric vehicles have

the highest allocation with 91% of the U.S. passenger vehicle fleet, whereas,

when the socio-economic indicators matters only, 99.5% of the allocation is

composed of conventional vehicles.



Impact of traffic composition on accessibility as indicator of transport sustainability

Nahdalina, S P Hadiwardoyo and Nahry Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok

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16424, Indonesia

Abstract--- Sustainable transport is closely related to quality of life in the

community at present and in the future. Some indicators of transport

sustainability are accessibility measurement of origin/destination, the operating

costs of transport (vehicle operating cost or VOC) and external transportation

costs (emission cost). The indicators could be combined into accessibility

measurement model. In other case, almost traffic congestion occurred on the

condition of mixed traffic. This paper aimed to analyse the indicator of transport

sustainability through simulation under condition of various traffic composition.

Various composition of truck to total traffic flow are 0%, 10% and 20%. Speed

and V/C are calculated from traffic flow to estimate the VOC and emission cost.

5 VOC components and 3 types of emission cost (CO2, CH4 and N2O) are

counted to be a travel cost. Accessibility measurement was calculated using

travel cost and gravity model approaches. Result of the research shows that the

total traffic flow has indirect impact on accessibility measurement if using travel

cost approach. Meanwhile, the composition of traffic flow has an affect on

accessibility measurement if using gravity model approach.



Solar Public Engagement: The Prospective Study on FELDA Community in


Siti Jamiah Tun Jamil & NurAzfahani Ahmad

Faculty of Architecture, Surveying and Planning,UiTM Perak Branch,Seri

Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia

Abstract—Malaysia Energy Outlook 2016 has highlighted that Malaysia’s

electricity generation mix has always been highly dependent on fossil fuels.

There is a concern on energy security for Malaysia recently, since the depletion

of fossil fuel occurs and its effect increases the price of electricity tariff.

Nevertheless, the energy demand continues to increase, which make the

non-fossil renewable energy sources is back on demand. Malaysia’s highest

potential for renewable energy comes from solar energy and the large roofs of

rural houses offer potential to contribute solar electricity for the people. Indeed,

the engagement of solar energy to the public is very important in allowing this

energy to be acceptedby the locals. The paperwill review the related literature on

public engagement for solar energy project. This paper also tries to prospect the

potential of implementing solar electricity for a well-known rural organization in

Malaysia, known as FELDA.



Performance and Economic Analysis of a Plug and Play Regenerative Brake for

Improving Energy Efficiency for Traction Elevators

Chuttchaval Jeraputra, Supun Tiptipakorn

Department of Electrical Engineering, Mahidol University, Salaya Nakonpathom

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Abstract—This paper presents performance and economic analysis of a plug

and play regenerative brake for improving energy efficiency for traction

elevators. The proposed regenerative brake recycles the energy loss of a dynamic

brake and feeds into the grid while an elevator inverter is operating in the

braking mode. According to field measurement of energy consumption, it reveals

that the efficiency can be improved as much as 18%. The prototype of a

regenerative brake 12 kW, 400V, 3φ is developed and tested on an elevator

simulator. It is shown that it can transfer energy out of a DC capacitor before the

dynamic brake kicks in. Further, an economic analysis is provided to carry out

the payback period and the present worth equivalent to confirm feasibility.



Mechanical Alloying of Cu, Fe and Nano SiC Powders on Stainless Steel Plate

Iman Farahbakhsh

Department of Engineering, Shirvan center, University of Applied Science and

Technology, Shirvan, Iran

Abstract--- Since one of the biggest concerns in the oil transfer industry is the

friction of the inner connections, coating and producing these components

through use of nanoparticles and nano composites can increase the equipment

strength and defense and decrease their depreciation. To cope with these troubles

and challenges, a method based on mechanical alloying is offered in order to

make coat. In this study, a coating process has been made by the mechanical

milling. In mechanical alloying, coat making has been done with use of

strengthened copper and iron powders (weight percentage 50:50) with SiC

nanoparticles, over a steel substrate, in room temperature and under the

atmosphere of environment, using the crushing balls during different time

periods (1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 hours) for series 1 samples (5% SiC) and series 2

samples (3% SiC). For a precise evaluation, a variety of analyses including

substructure analysis by surface electronic microscope (FESEM), point analysis

(EDS), heat operations and X- ray diffraction (XRD) analysis will be used. To

study the obtained properties, friction and roughness tests will also be used on

the produced coat. The results of the analyses demonstrated that with raise in

milling time, the thickness of the coat layer formed in series 2 (3% SiC) is more

than series 1 (5% SiC) and the size of copper and iron solid solution particles has

also been made at the extent of nanoparticles. Doing friction tests and comparing

the graph determined that series 1 samples (5% SiC) have a better coat and

strength than series 2 (3% sic). Roughness test specified that series 2 samples

(3% SiC) are less rough than series 1 sample (5% SiC).

Dinner @ Restaurant


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One-day Tour January 24, 2017


Ayutthaya HistoricalPark (Thai: อุทยานประวัติศาสตรพ์ระนครศรีอยธุยา (Pronunciation)) covers the

ruins of the old city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. The city of Ayutthaya was founded by King Ramathibodi

I in 1351. The city was captured by the Burmese in 1569. Though not pillaged, it lost "many valuable

and artistic objects." It was the capital of the country until its destruction by the Burmese Army in



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2017 2nd International Conference on Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering

(ICSREE 2017)

Submission Deadline: March 1, 2017


Call for papers


Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering Lightning Protection

Active Filters Photovoltaic Systems and Materials

Biofuel or Solar Economics and Commercialization Power Electronics

Biomass Conversion Technologies Power Generation

Biomass for Bioenergy Power Quality

Distributed Generation Power System Control and Stability

Distribution Power System Power Transmission and Distribution

Eco-Design Renewable Energy for IT Equipments

Efficient Energy Generation and Conversion Renewable Fuel from Biomass

Electric Drives Renewable Power Generation

Electric Vehicles Sea Power

Electrical Machinery Smart Grid

The accepted and registered papers will be collected in

conference Proceedings published by IEEE, and submitted

and reviewed for inclusion by IEEE Xplore, Ei Compendex,

and Scopus.

Ms. Tsuki Chu

E-mail: [email protected] Tel: +86-132-6777-7771

Website: www.icsree.com

Upcoming Conferences

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2017 2nd International Conference on Energy Materials and Applications

(ICEMA 2017) May 10-12, 2017 | Hiroshima, Japan

Submission Deadline: March 1, 2017


The accepted and registered papers will be published in the conference proceedings,

which is indexed by Ei Compendex, Scopus, Inspec, and Chemical Abstracts, CiteSeerX,


Note: Accepted papers by ICEMA2016 have been indexed.

Contact: [email protected]

IEEE 2017 2nd International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy

(ICPRE 2017) September 20-23, 2017 | Chengdu, China

Submission Deadline: May 10, 2017


Submitted papers will be peer-reviewed and the accepted ones after proper registration

and presentation will be published in the conference proceedings by IEEE, and reviewed

by IEEE Xplore and Ei Compendex.

Contact: [email protected]

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