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Controlul calităţii cerealelor şi a produselor cerealiere.Metode de identificare a...

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    Nmcvxmlql nil`v`` naxailalmx ` ipxmfq~almx naxail`axa#

    Gavmfa fa `facv`e`nixa i eil~`e`nx`lmx#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/~stueber/thome/band2/tafel_049_small.jpg&imgrefurl=http://ciprianpopa.blogspot.com/2008_11_01_archive.html&usg=__NGQlFdruCGbZUOZtidcd7fBIj3Y=&h=800&w=487&sz=93&hl=ro&start=20&itbs=1&tbnid=wjmkLdxYwXl6NM:&tbnh=143&tbnw=87&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcereale%2Bsi%2Bproduse%2Bcerealiere%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.upload.moldova.org/economie/2006/iul/cereale.jpg&imgrefurl=http://economie.moldova.org/news/ministrul-gorodenco-solicitat-finisarea-recoltarii-culturile-cerealiere-pana-la-sfarsitul-saptamanii-55662-rom.html&usg=__iklfHOy2z1LGIO-WRZIBwck6Rgg=&h=160&w=141&sz=10&hl=ro&start=12&itbs=1&tbnid=4oOKzCOdUjMY4M:&tbnh=98&tbnw=86&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcereale%2Bsi%2Bproduse%2Bcerealiere%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.brutarul.ro/images/cereale2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.brutarul.ro/index.php&usg=__hBxJaaAhqF-0RZOsjCGD5DJjMKc=&h=216&w=250&sz=31&hl=ro&start=4&itbs=1&tbnid=VCxyRATsr8qMTM:&tbnh=96&tbnw=111&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcereale%2Bsi%2Bproduse%2Bcerealiere%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro
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    Naxailala xapxaz`cv ~ag`cala plicvalmxf`c eig`l`i Bxig`caia, nala gi` nqlv`uivae``cf bxql, pmxqghql, mxazql, mxzql, ~anixi,muzql, ga`ql ` ~mxbql#

    Naxailala iq m `gpmxvic fam~ah`v cil`gacvi`i qgic ` c eqxijixaiic`gilalmx, fix nmc~v`vq`a ` m givax`apx`g fa hiz pacvxq gqlva ~qhxigqx` ila`cfq~vx`a` il`gacvixa#

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    Nmgpmz``i e`z`nm'nd`g`n

    ig`fmc $5?'2?!), pxmva`ca $9?'96!), l`p`fa $9'6!), ip $96'95!),

    nalqlmz $8'9?!), ~qh~vica g`caxila $9,8'>,>!), u`vig`ca, acz`ga,

    F`~vx`hq`va caqc`emxg c f`uax~a px`icivmg`na ila hmhqlq`#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/archive/3/30/20090617105800!Illustration_Secale_cereale0.jpg&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Secale_cereale0.jpg&usg=__CWq7rmJ1izxFfHVEV9kZduuICVI=&h=2360&w=1455&sz=2070&hl=ro&start=59&itbs=1&tbnid=rtFwn7VCaqYAqM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=92&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcereale%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DN%26start%3D40
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    Gavmfa fa `facv`e`nixa i eil~`e`nx`lmx naxailalmx

    Hmihala fa naxaila ~qcv gi` pq`c atpq~a qcmx

    gicmpaxa exiqfqlmi~a#Eil~`e`nx`la qzqila nmc~viq c:

    `gpqx`e`nixai naxailalmx nq ~ag`ca ~vx`ca ~iq nmxpqx`~vx`ca $c`~`p, pgcv, pi`a, p`avxa), nixa c gmf

    mh`cq`v ~a b~a~n c pxmpmx`a fa >'1!; aeanvqixai qcmx mpaxi`` nixa iq ni ~nmp gx`xai gi~a`

    danvml`vx`na ~iq ghqcv`xai i~panvqlq` $hmihala ~aqcb nq qla` px`c `cvxmfqnaxai cvx'm hi`a fa qla`, ~a

    inmpax nq viln ~iq nq f`uax` nmlmxic` $ilhivx`) ~iqnq in`f ~qleqxm~ pacvxq clh`xa);

    nala gi` `gpmxvicva: `gpqx`e`nixai gi~a` fa hmiha iqca` ~pan`` fa naxaila fa nil`viva ~qpax`mix nq ~pan``

    fa nil`viva `ceax`mix ~iq nq ilva naxaila#

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    Fanalixai eil~`e`nx`lmxA~va ein`l ` nmc~v c: favaxg`cixai qg`f`v``, `facv`e`nixai qla`qlq` px`c e`axhaxai naxailalmx c ip, ncf qla`ql ~a

    ~apix li ~qpxiei ~qh emxg fa p`nvqx`, vxivixai ~af`gacvqlq` atvxinvqlq` nlmxmemxg`n nq KMD pacvxq

    fanalixai ilhi~vxqlq` fa Haxl`c, nq DNl pacvxq fanmlmxixaiqlvxigix`cqlq` ~iq nq DCM> pacvxq `facv`e`nixai `cf`bmqlq`#

    pxazaci in`fqlq` ~qleqxm~ qv`l`ziv pacvxq clh`xai naxailalmx ~aau`fac`iz px`c vxivixai atvxinvqlq` ipm~ nq m ~mlq`a `mf `mfqx fapmvi~`q $nixa ~a fanmlmxaiz)#

    @facv`e`nixai exiqfalmx:

    alanvxmemxazi pa bal fa pml`inx`lig`f, va~va h`mnd`g`na $nq v`xmz`c), D_LN, igpxacvixa IFC, pxmnafaa `gqcmlmb`na#

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    Nmcvxmlql nil`v`` e`c`` ` i pxmfq~almx fagmxx`v ` pic`e`ni`a#

    Gavmfa fa `facv`e`nixa i eil~`e`nx`lmx#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.revista-piata.ro/images/stories/decembrie08/analize1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.revista-piata.ro/articole/analize--tendinte/industria-de-morarit-cerne-marii-jucatori.html&usg=__XkHV083yfWPMOpjBuKnE3Di5vCI=&h=297&w=470&sz=22&hl=ro&start=41&itbs=1&tbnid=AO_TsBCFrUpvkM:&tbnh=82&tbnw=129&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfaina,%2Bproduse%2Bde%2Bmorarit%2Bsi%2Bpanificatie%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DN%26start%3D40http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.enache-morarit.ro/pics/pages/46_panificatie.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.enache-morarit.ro/menu_Panificatie_3.html&usg=__Dhok4eHM783pT0aaUdq5_Wotw9o=&h=412&w=292&sz=65&hl=ro&start=55&itbs=1&tbnid=NnIvbslTPM_tgM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=89&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfaina,%2Bproduse%2Bde%2Bmorarit%2Bsi%2Bpanificatie%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DN%26start%3D40http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.helco.ro/admin/poze/upload/image/stiri/stire23nov1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.helco.ro/index.php%3Fnavigator%3D214&usg=__K-ttJlG5MB5vFL7y9DnoM1IBD3M=&h=425&w=640&sz=150&hl=ro&start=18&itbs=1&tbnid=7onf3vZoEDjWBM:&tbnh=91&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfaina,%2Bproduse%2Bde%2Bmorarit%2Bsi%2Bpanificatie%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DG
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    E`ci a~va qc pxmfq~ mh`cqv px`c gn`cixai naxailalmx#

    Nmgpmz``i nd`g`n uix`iz c eqcn`a fa nixinvax`~v`n`lanmgpmz``mcila ila naxailalmx f`c nixa pxmu`ca ` fabxifql fa atvxin`a#

    ip $98'96!), ig`fmc $50'21!), ~qh~vica pxmva`na $9?'98!),

    l`p`fa $?,5'8!), nacq $?,1'8,1), p`bgac`, u`vig`ca, acz`ga, avn#

    Nq nv e`ci nmc`ca gi` pq`ca vxa ` ~qh~vicapxmva`na ` gi` gqlv ig`fmc, nq ivv a~va gi` e`c ` gi`ilh#

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    Atigacql ~aczmx`il il e`c``

    bq~v ' qmx fqlnaib, ex cqica fa igix ` inxq;

    g`xm~ ' plnqv, ex g`xm~ fa cn`c~, fa ~vvqv, fagqnabi` ~iq mx`nixa ilv g`xm~ ~vx`c;

    nqlmixa ' fap`cfa fa v`pql ` ~m`ql bxqlq` ` a~vafavaxg`civ fa nmc`cqvql fa p`bgac` nixmvacm`f`n` `eliumcm`fa, fa bxicqlmz`viva, fa bxifql fa `gpqx`e`nixa, fanmc`cqvql c vxa; e`cqx`la ilha iq m nqlmixa ilh'blhq`a;

    bxicqlmz`viva ' xapxaz`cv xaeqzql fa pa m ~`v nq mnd`qx`gix`, xa~panv`u naxcqvql fa pa m ~`v nq mnd`qx` g`n`; fqp

    bxicqlmz`viva, e`cqx`la ~a nli~`e`n c: e`cqx` e`ca, cmxgila,bx`e`na; bxicqlmz`vivai `celqacaiz nipin`vivai fa d`fxivixa,nicv`vivai ` nil`vivai blqvacqlq`, nmc`cqvql c ~qh~vicag`caxila, c~q`x`la xamlmb`na ila ilqivqlq`, nil`vivaipxmfq~qlq` e`c`v#

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    Ipxan`axai nil`v`` e`c``:

    favaxg`cixai nmgpmcacvalmx civqxila ' ip,

    nacq, ~qh~vica pxmva`na, zidixqx`, nmxp` bxi`,nalqlmz;

    favaxg`cixai bxifqlq` fa e`caa ` i pqvax`` fa

    pic`e`nixa ' bxifql fa e`caa c eqcn`a fanicv`vivai fa nacq, `ix pqvaxai fa pic`e`nixa ' pahizi nicv`v`` ` nil`v`` blqvacqlq`;

    favaxg`cixai bxifqlq` fa pmlqixa i e`c`` ' px`cqxgx`xai ~ag`calmx ~vx`ca $cabd`c, ~anixinmxcqv, gzx`nda),

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    favaxg`cixai bxifqlq` fa ilvaxixa i e`c`` ' ilvaxixaie`c`` pmiva pxmuac` e`a f`c niqzi naxailalmx canmipva ~iq

    cnml`va, e`a f`c niqzi qg`f`v``; ~a xail`zaiz px`c:

    ~vih`l`xai pxmpx`av`lmx mxbicmlapv`na ' ncf e`ci ilvaxiv pxaz`cvqc g`xm~ ~pan`e`n fa e`c ipx`c~ ' bq~v `qva ` igix; favaxg`cixai in`f`v``, i ~qh~vicalmx pxmva`na ~mlqh`la ` i

    gilvmza`; atigacql g`nxm~nmp`n il e`c`` ' ~a eina mh~axucfq'~a emxgi

    bxicqlalmx fa ig`fmc, nixa li e`ci ilvaxiv pxaz`cv pa gixb`c` g`n`

    nxpvqx` xif`ila, uzcfq'~a nq qqx`c px`la nmcnacvx`na; nq m~mlq`a fa u`mlav fa ic`l`c bxicqlala fa ig`fmc ila e`c`` ilvaxiva ~anmlmxaiz ~pxa fam~ah`xa fa bxicqlala e`c`` ~cvmi~a nixa cq ~anmlmxaiz; fa i~agacai, ~a mh~axu pxazaci `c~anvalmx,gqnabi`qlq` ` hinvax``lmx;

    favaxg`cixai bxifqlq` fa eil~`e`nixa i e`c`` ' px`c: qxgx`xai ~qh~vicalmx g`caxila ifqbiva ~a xail`zaiz lqcf c

    nmc~`faxixa nmc`cqvql c nacq il e`c`` xa~panv`ua; qxgx`xai iga~vanqlq` fa e`c` ' ~a eina g`nxm~nmp`n, fqp emxgi

    bxicqlalmx fa ig`fmc;

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    _`cai

    M p`ca fa hqc nil`viva vxahq`a ~ i`h g`azql pmxm~ `nmiji qc`emxg, ex i pxazacvi ~pi`` l`haxa cvxa nmij` g`az#

    G`azql vxahq`a ~ e`a mgmbac ` ~ cq i`h g`xm~caplnqv#

    _x`c cuand`xa p`cai p`axfa ipi ` ~a ~nd`gh bq~vql,xauac`cf li ~vixai fa pxm~pa`ga px`c cnlz`xa li 2??N#

    c nmcf``` fa p~vxixa canmxapqczvmixa $qgazail `l`p~i uacv`li`a`) p`cai ~a pmiva ilvaxi ~qh in`qcaiqcmx g`nxmmxbic`~ga, npvcf bq~v ` g`xm~ fagqnabi`, nq ipix``i fa pava nmlmxiva; qcamx` fau`ca

    nla`mi~, iucf qc bq~v caplnqv#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/1/186/6449/963849/1/paine-shutterstock.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.gandul.info/consumatorul/painea-topul-reclamatiilor-produse-alimentare-963849&usg=__Gt0gZSmmhv7U556RwrgKI0t9AmE=&h=2574&w=3837&sz=8081&hl=ro&start=3&itbs=1&tbnid=apsWMfaVYBzrIM:&tbnh=101&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpainea%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DGhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://bloombiz.ro/assets/articole/2009/08/1250061152.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bloombiz.ro/finante/graul-a-scapat-de-seceta.-painea-se-va-scumpi-abia-la-anul&usg=__ByNekA4HRLm6pvtNubMa8vqpDX4=&h=421&w=541&sz=103&hl=ro&start=5&itbs=1&tbnid=ciqn8VZNrJUuAM:&tbnh=103&tbnw=132&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpainea%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DG
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    Uax`e`nixai nil`v`` p`c``: nmc`cqvql fa ip ' px`c q~nixa c avqu li 9?1?N

    ` ncvx`xa pc li bxaqviva nmc~vicv; nacqi ' px`c `cn`caxixai pxmha` $fqp q~nixa),

    nmc`cqvql c nacq cq vxahq`a ~ fapai~n8! li bxq ` 8,1! li ~anix;

    CiNl ' umlqgavx`n;

    in`f`vivai ' umlqgavx`n: CiMD + eacmlevila`c;

    zidixqx`la $zidixmzi, fatvx`ci, blqnmzi); ~qh~vica pxmva`na, g`caxila;

    nmxp`` bxi`#

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    Atigacql ~aczmx`il ~a aeanvqaiz fafabq~vvmx` fa ~pan`il`viva# Inav`i cqvxahq`a ~ nmc~qga hqvqx` ilnmml`na ~iqcailnmml`na nal pq`c nq m mx ci`cva fafabq~vixa# Eqgivql vxahq`a mpx`v nal pq`c

    fmq mxa ci`cva fa fabq~vixa# Atigacql ~aczmx`il ~a aeanvqaiz cvx'm

    cnpaxa lqg`cmi~, nqxiv, l`p~`v fa

    g`xm~qx` ~vx`ca#

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    M ivac`a fam~ah`v: nmcvxmlql nmcvig`cx`` fa nvxa`c~anva ~iq hinvax``, c pixv`nqlix ^ilgmcali `^vipdlmnmnq~#

    pacvxq icil`zi hinvax`mlmb`n, `c~panvmxql vxahq`a ~pxalauaza g`c`gqg 9? aicv`mica fa 9??b#c nizql pxalaux`` pi~valmx e`cmi~a c uxin vxahq`a ~

    ~a ipl`na vadc`n` i~apv`na#

    ^a eihx`n f`c e`ci f`uax~almx ~pan`` fa bxq ` nd`ix f`ce`ci ilvmx naxaila $pmxqgh, mxaz), c~ nala fa nil`viva~qpax`mix ~qcv mh`cqva f`c e`ci bxqlq` ixcqv#

    ^qh~v`vq`xai pix`il i e`c`` bxqlq` ixcqv nq e`ci ilvmx~pan`` ~iq nd`ix i ilvmx naxaila a~va eil~`e`nixa#Xabqligacvql QA paxg`va qc pxmnacv fa git`gqg >!e`c f`c bxql mh`cq`v c e`ci fa bxq ixcqv,nmc~`faxcfq'~a n `gpqx`e`nixai a~va xazqlvivql qcq`iga~van inn`facvil, `cau`vih`l#

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    Gavmfala emlm~`va pacvxq fanalixai

    eil~`e`nx`` nq bxq nmgqc ~qcv: D_LN, `gqcmlmb`na,

    alanvxmemxazi pa bal fa pml`inx`lig`f, nxmgivmbxie`a pa ~vxiv ~qh`xa#

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    Eil~`e`nx`la pi~valmx e`cmi~a

    ~qcv gi` xix cvlc`va ~a xaeax li cacnifxixai `cf`n`lmx e`z`nm'

    nd`g`n` c l`g`vala pxauzqva c cmxgiv`ua#

    ^a fanalaiz px`c icil`z ~aczmx`il, atigace`z`nm'nd`g`n, `ix li ginixmica ~a favaxg`c `c~q`x`la ganic`na $~ixn`ci li xqpaxa)#

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    Nmcvxmlql nil`v`` g`ax`` fa ilh`ca#Gavmfa fa `facv`e`nixa ieil~`e`nx`lmx#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.glasulmaramuresului.ro/pozegalerie/2009-01-1723__ro__ZA__Apicultura.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.glasulmaramuresului.ro/view_article.php%3Fshow%3D4021%26name%3DVanzari_slabe_la_mierea_de_albine&usg=__AaP7xd4EpAAjYHTyWWXEanL9swk=&h=480&w=640&sz=36&hl=ro&start=10&itbs=1&tbnid=RpOh21aJXhTu1M:&tbnh=103&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmierea%2Bde%2Balbine%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Drohttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.bucataria.net/photos/092008/04/bb3e6d808c7effffe81e3ded6c7d28548.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bucataria.net/articole/405/din-secretele-mierii-de-albine&usg=__D2Iyf48Qw7geDXmIR_5H9rRofFo=&h=600&w=400&sz=40&hl=ro&start=1&itbs=1&tbnid=7fc3BDjNdrKVjM:&tbnh=135&tbnw=90&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmierea%2Bde%2Balbine%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Drohttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cotidianul.ro/fileadmin/2006/Aprilie/ed251/a.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.cotidianul.ro/albina_chinezeasca_otraveste_mierea_din_stupii_romanesti-10239.html&usg=__6YAVTabFzuLVFCvXnQO4gd0sSBg=&h=285&w=333&sz=19&hl=ro&start=6&itbs=1&tbnid=P0TYkr0kRosdeM:&tbnh=102&tbnw=119&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmierea%2Bde%2Balbine%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro
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    Xail`ziv fa ilh`ca c atnlq~`u`viva f`c canvixql elmx`lmx ~iqf`c ~qnqx`la fqln` fa pa ilva px` ila plicvalmx uaxz`, panixa ina~vai la nqlab, la ghmba~n nq ~qh~vica pxmpx``

    ` la pxalqnxaiz cvx'qc gmf ~pan`e`n mh`ccf c e`cil qcpxmfq~ pa nixa'l fapmz`vaiz c nalqlala eibqx`lmx f`c ~vqppacvxq i nmc~v`vq` dxici lmx acaxbav`n

    Fqp mx`b`cai givax`a` px`ga emlm~`va:

    g`axa fa elmx` $gmcmelmx ' ~ilng, va`, elmixai ~mixalq`,gacv ` pml`elmx), iucf nqlmixai bilhac cnd`~, hxqcxmniv pc li hxqc cnd`~

    g`axa fa gic $fa pfqxa ~iq fa xmq), mh`cqv f`c

    ~qnqx`la fqln` fa pa ilva px` ila plicvalmx fanv elmx`la,c ~pan`il fa pa exqcza, nixa ~qcv alihmxiva fa qcala`c~anva nixa pixiz`vaiz uabavi`i lagcmi~, nq mnqlmixa uaxzq`a ~iq hxqc pc li cabx`n`m~#

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    Ealql g`ax`` uix`iz fqp civqxi plicvalmx fa panixa i em~v nqlai~ ` fqp gmfql nqg i em~v

    atvxi~#

    ^a pxaz`cv ~qh emxgi qcq` l`nd`f ~`xmpm~,vxic~pixacv, nq g`xm~ plnqv ixmgiv ` nqlmixa

    blhq`a pc li bilhac cnd`~# _x`c afaxa g`axai fapqca nx`~vila nixa nmc~viq

    f`c lauqlmz, l`nd`fql xgi~ nmc~vcf gi` ila~

    f`c fatvxmz# Nx`~vil`zixai iva~v, nmcvxix qcmxmp`c`` nixa nmc~`fax ina~v pxmna~ qc faeanv,nil`vivai ` civqxilaai g`ax`` fa ilh`ca#

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    Nmgpmz``i gaf`a i g`ax``

    zidx cuaxv`v 2?'4?! zidixmz 9'1! ip 9?'81! ~qh~vica pxmva`na 9'9,8! nacq ?,91'?,81! in`f em~emx`n ?,?91'?,?81! bqga ?,9'?,81! in`z` mxbic`n` ?,9'?,81! atvxinv l`hax fa zidx 1! ~qh~vicva c~mlqh`la c ip ?,1! in`f`viva $gL CiMD9C-9??b) 6'1

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_gH3Mu5gKEEY/Sq59rr9scXI/AAAAAAAAGfE/mQIywMyA2uQ/s320/miere-de-albine2.JPG&imgrefurl=http://gospodini.blogspot.com/2009/09/mierea-de-albine-in-bucatarie.html&usg=__lkj_YrKHbJokqmEp6hyFocxuM6I=&h=240&w=320&sz=20&hl=ro&start=32&itbs=1&tbnid=5ytN1lJ-3eckZM:&tbnh=89&tbnw=118&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmierea%2Bde%2Balbine%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DN%26start%3D20http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_CXPJSPfwKQA/SpCs2QL95_I/AAAAAAAAIaQ/JsgVix_OC30/s1600/miere_de_albine.jpg&imgrefurl=http://jurnalulanei.wordpress.com/2009/08/23/targul-de-miere-edi%25C8%259Bia-2009/&usg=__agsGtpn6SCw3qejNL4qbNXpHCl4=&h=400&w=300&sz=17&hl=ro&start=5&itbs=1&tbnid=K2XbPMniJM0cdM:&tbnh=124&tbnw=93&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmierea%2Bde%2Balbine%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro
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    @facv`e`nixai px`c pxmnafaa e`z`nm'nd`g`na:

    eil~`e`nixai px`c ifim~ fa ip ' ~a xail`zaizpx`c favaxg`cixai qg`f`v`` bxiu`gavx`n,xaexinvmgavx`n ~iq fac~`gavx`n;

    eil~`e`nixai nq ~`xmp fa zidx $zidixmz) 'g`axai ixa m nmc~`~vac ipmi~, bq~v gi` pq`cfqlna, nqlmixa fa~nd`~, `ix ixmgi ~pan`e`nl`p~ava; uilmixai `cf`nalq` ig`liz`n a~va nq gqlv

    ~qh l`g`vala cmxgila, e``cf nq ivv gi` ~nzqv nqnv c`ualql fa ~qh~v`vq`xa a~va gi` x`f`niv;

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    eil~`e`nixai nq ~`xmp fa zidx `cuaxv`v pa niland`g`n ' a~va nal gi` emlm~`v ibacv fa

    eil~`e`nixa; `facv`e`nixai exiqfa` ~a xail`zaiz gi`cv` px`c icil`zi ~aczmx`il ` ipm` pa niland`g`n, px`c favaxg`cixai nmc`cqvqlq` fad`fxmt`gav`leqxeqxml

    eil~`e`nixai nq fatvx`ca ' pacvxq nmxanvixainmc~`~vaca`; c g`axai fa gic fatvx`calaxapxaz`cv pc li 1!, `ix c g`axai fa canvix

    emixva xix ijqcb li 8'>!, ina~va uilmx` e``cf nqgqlv fap`va c nizql eil~`e`nx`` nq fatvx`ca;

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    eil~`e`nixai nq cfqln`vmx` mh`cq` px`c d`fxml`ziacz`giv`n i ig`fmcqlq` nqg ix e` ~`xmpqx`la fa blqnmz` `zm~`xmpqx`la mh`cqva px`c `zmgax`zixai acz`giv`n iblqnmza`, ~qx~i px`cn`pil e``cf ig`fmcql f`c pmxqgh;

    eil~`e`nixai nq gali~ ' `facv`e`nixai ~a xail`zaiz px`cicil`z ~aczmx`il ` ~a naxv`e`n px`c atigac e`z`nm'nd`g`n,

    ncf ~a nmcviv ihivax` fa li uilmx`la cmxgila ilapixigavx`lmx

    eil~`e`nixa `cf`xanv ' g`axai fa li ilh`cala dxc`va nq~`xmp fa zidx ixa nqlmixai gqlv gi` fa~nd`~, bq~vql gi`

    pq`c fqlna, l`p~ava ixmgi ~pan`e`n, elmxil, nx`~vil`zaizv`gpqx`q, ixa qc nmc`cqv gi` gixa fa zidixmz ` gi`xafq~ fa zidx `cuaxv`v, `cf`nala f`i~viz`n ixa uilmx` gqlvgi` g`n` fanv nala cmxgila;

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    c ieixi pxmnafaalmx icil`v`na nli~`na fafanalixa i eil~`e`nx`lmx at`~v vadc`n` cm`,gmfaxca, nixa paxg`v m auilqixa ~`bqx inmc`cqvqlq` ` mx`b`c`` pxmfq`lmx qv`l`zi` lixail`zixai qcmx gicmpaxa exiqfqlmi~a,

    nqg ix e`: BN'G^, alanvxmemxazi nip`lix,D_LN, XGC, acz`giv`n, C@X'EV@X,icil`zi IFC#

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    Nmcvxmlql nil`v`` hqvqx`lmxilnmml`na#Gavmfa fa `facv`e`nixa i

    eil~`e`nx`lmx#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.afacerist.ro/dbp/director_cautari/arome_bauturi_alcoolice_Y.jpg&imgrefurl=http://cauta.afacerist.ro/2430%2BArome_bauturi_alcoolice&usg=__XfzGePlVFyJYtA0niE9RwrNdEcA=&h=147&w=150&sz=6&hl=ro&start=5&itbs=1&tbnid=LC5I1hkpsZ7NTM:&tbnh=94&tbnw=96&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbauturi%2Balcoolice%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.moraruanca.ro/imag/pahar.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.moraruanca.ro/&usg=__R4zFdAf4nHKT52Wz_0Fr4cqLj_c=&h=498&w=349&sz=64&hl=ro&start=3&itbs=1&tbnid=zJKyHaaAWGiBZM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=91&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbauturi%2Balcoolice%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.afaceriromania.ro/poze/2009_01/1524.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.afaceribaiamare.ro/firmaro.php%3Fd%3Ddistributie,%2520import%2520bauturi%2520spirtoase,%2520bauturi%2520premium%26firma%3D2%26id%3D1524%26nrows%3D6&usg=__AGDl5z6awerdWPPDBw3GaPz9iXI=&h=568&w=800&sz=98&hl=ro&start=6&itbs=1&tbnid=9agZ74OKe68VYM:&tbnh=102&tbnw=143&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbauturi%2Balcoolice%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DN
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    Hqvqx`la ilnmml`na ~qcv hqvqx` nixa iq qcnmc`cqv gi` gixa fa 9! uml# ilnmml av`l`n ` ~anli~`e`n c:

    hqvqx` ilnmml`na caf`~v`liva $u`cql, haxai) hqvqx` ilnmml`na f`~v`liva, facqg`va

    xind`qx` $civqxila ` `cfq~vx`ila)#

    Hqvqx`la ilnmml`na xapxaz`cv m nivabmx`a fapxmfq~a ~qpq~a exanuacv gicmpaxalmxexiqfqlmi~a fivmx`v biga` gix` ~mxv`gacvila,

    f`uax~`v`` pxmfqnvmx`lmx, nm~vqlq` x`f`niv il qcmxif`cvxa ala $nala f`~v`liva, aeaxua~nacva) ` igmfil`v`lmx xaliv`u ein`la fa eil~`e`nixa#

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    Nli~`e`nixai u`cqx`lmx fqp nivabmx`i fa nil`vivaBxqpi fa nil`viva Nivabmx`i fa u`c

    U`cqx` fa nmc~qg

    nqxacv

    U`c fa gi~ $U#G#)

    U`c fa gi~ ~qpax`mx $U#G#^#)

    U`cqx` fa nil`viva

    U`c fa nil`viva ~qpax`mix $U#^#)U`c fa nil`viva nq facqg`xa fa mx`b`ca nmcvxmliv $F#M#N#)U`c fa nil`viva nq facqg`xa fa mx`b`ca nmcvxmliv ` vxapva fa nil`viva$F#M#N#N#)

    ' nqla~ li givqx`viva fapl`c $FMNN'NGF)' nqla~ vxz`q $FMNN'NV)

    ' nqla~ li ccmh`lixai hmihalmx $FMNN'NH)

    U`cqx` ~pan`ila

    U`cqx` aeaxua~nacva' u`cqx` ~pqgicva' u`cqx` ~pqgmi~a' u`cqx` pav`icva' u`cqx` paxlicva

    U`cqx` ixmgiv`zicva' u`c pal`c' uaxgqv' ilva u`cqx` ixmgiv`zicva

    U`cqx` l`nmxmi~aIlva u`cqx` ~pan`ila

    U`cqx` fa d`hx`z`

    _acvxq nmc~qg eig`l`il

    _acvxq `cfq~vx`a $f`~v`liva, mav)

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    Iqvacv`e`nixai u`cqx`lmxqxgxava:

    `facv`e`nixai mx`b`c`` bambxie`na;

    `facv`e`nixai ~m`qlq` u`a` fa u`a fa li nixapxmu`ca;

    `facv`e`nixai ux~va` u`cqlq`;

    `facv`e`nixai vadcmlmb`a` fa mh`caxa; `facv`e`nixai gicmpaxalmx exiqfqlmi~a#

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    Eil~`e`nixai u`cqlq` Fin li cnapqv eil~`e`nx`la axiq agp`x`na ` nmc~viq

    gi` ila~ c f`lqixai nq ip ` ifim~ql qcmx~qh~vica pacvxq nmx`jixai qcmx faeanva, i~vz` ~'iqf`uax~`e`niv ` ~me`~v`niv, fauac`cf f`c na c na gi`icaum`m~ fa `facv`e`niv#

    c pxazacv, nala gi` exanuacva mpaxi`` exiqfqlmi~a~a xaeax li iqvacv`n`vivai ~m`qlq` ` li ixailql fapxmfqnaxa ` gi` ila~ li ifim~ql qcmx cfqln`vmx`

    civqxil` ~iq ~`cvav`n`, i ~qh~vicalmx nmlmxicva,ixmgiv`zicva `cvaxz`~a fa lab`~li`i c u`bmixa ~iq cfmza gi` gix` fanv nala ifg`~a#

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    Eil~`e`nx` px`c ifim~ fa nmlmxic` civqxil` ~iq-`~`cvav`n`

    Li u`cqx` inav`i ~qcv `cvaxz``#

    nmlmxic` civqxil` emlm~``: na` atvxi` f`c elmx`la ~iq exqnvalaqxgvmixalmx plicva: ~mn, ie`c, nxgz, cilh caibx ~iqxmz, avn#

    Ifim~qx`la ~qcv pq~a c au`fac px`c xain`` fa nqlmixa#

    Eil~`e`nx` px`c ifim~ fa ixmga civqxila ~iqixv`e`n`ila

    Ilvqx` fa cfqln`xa, ixmgiv`zixai u`cqx`lmx nq ixmgacivqxila ~iq ixv`e`n`ila a~va c pxazacv exiqfi nq nai gi`gixa ix`a fa x~pcf`xa#

    F`cvxa ixmgala civqxila, gqlv emlm~`v a~va atvxinvqlilnmml`n fa nmx`icfxq, nixa `gpx`g u`cqx`lmx m ixmgi~agcvmixa nq nai i ~m`qlq` Gq~niv Mvvmcal#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/1/186/3891/2655666/1/bere-shutterstock.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.gandul.info/sanatate-food-drink/berea-creste-riscul-aparitiei-cancerului-de-pancreas-2655666&usg=__oCHg--DWy4Bx0kxHI8nv6nVQjio=&h=623&w=945&sz=167&hl=ro&start=2&itbs=1&tbnid=KTQVsG1HKI54TM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=148&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dberea%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DG
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    Haxai

    Haxai a~va m hqvqx ~lih ilnmml`n, ~ivqxiv civqxil nqNM8, nq bq~v ` ixmg nixinvax`~v`na, mh`cqv f`c gil,na pmiva e` clmnq`v pix`il nq naxaila cagil`e`niva$pmxqgh, mxaz, bxq, ga`), diga` ` ip#At`~v m gixa f`uax~`viva fa ~mxv`gacva, nli~`e`nixaixail`zcfq'~a fqp f`eax`va nx`vax``:

    civqxi fxmjf`a` qv`l`ziva li eaxgacvixa: hax` faeaxgacvi`a `ceax`mix ` ~qpax`mix;

    v`pql fa gil: haxa hlmcf, hxqc, nixigal;

    nmcnacvxi`i ilnmml`n: haxa ex ilnmml, ~lihilnmml`n, mh`cq`v, vixa; bxifql fa eaxgacvixa: haxa cqvx`v`u, mh`cq`v,

    f`avav`n; nmcnacvxi`i gq~vqlq` px`g`v`u: mh`cq`v, ~pan`il#

    http://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.tvl.ro/turism/104-praga-cehia-vacanta/poze-praga/bere-praga.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.tvl.ro/turism/104-praga-cehia-vacanta/bere_cehia.html&usg=__iqM4xgnnIb3aAxi-qg6rulS7ZTo=&h=400&w=600&sz=38&hl=ro&start=12&itbs=1&tbnid=UiDVHE_LIUnovM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dberea%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/1/186/3891/2655666/1/bere-shutterstock.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.gandul.info/sanatate-food-drink/berea-creste-riscul-aparitiei-cancerului-de-pancreas-2655666&usg=__oCHg--DWy4Bx0kxHI8nv6nVQjio=&h=623&w=945&sz=167&hl=ro&start=2&itbs=1&tbnid=KTQVsG1HKI54TM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=148&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dberea%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dro%26sa%3DG
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    Nal gi` `gpmxvicv mh`anv`u, c iqvacv`e`nixai hax``, a~vaiva~vixai mx`b`c`` px`cn`pila` givax`` px`ga, gilql#

    Uax`e`nixai iqvacv`n`v`` a~va gi` ein`l ncf ~axail`zaiz li eii lmnqlq`, c eihx`n, nala gi`af`e`nivmixa xazqlviva mh`ccfq'~a ncf ~a icil`zaizatvxinvql gq~vqlq` fa gil#

    Li jqfanixai nil`v`` hax`` vxahq`a ~ ~a i`h c uafaxa: nmgpmz``i nd`g`n; ixmgi: bq~vql ` g`xm~ql; nqlmixai;

    nipin`vivai fa ~pqgixa ` ~vih`l`vivai ~pqga`; nlix`vivai $ih~aci vqlhqxal``)#

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    Hqvqx` ilnmml`na f`~v`liva

    Hqvqx`la ilnmml`na f`~v`liva, facqg`va `xind`qx`, iq qc nmc`cqv c ilnmml av`l`n nqpx`c~

    cvxa 88 ` 1?! uml# ` ~a mh`c px`c f`~v`lixaiu`cqlq` ~iq i qcmx pxmfq~a uabavila eaxgacviva#

    ^a nmc~qg ni hqvqx` ipax`v`u ~iq ni fa~axv#

    ^a b~a~n cvx'm big uix`iv fa v`pqx` `

    ~mxv`gacva, fqp mx`b`cai ilnmmlqlq` ` ivadcmlmb`a` fa pxmfqnaxa nli~`e`ncfq'~a i~veal:

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    xind`qx` civqxila ' mh`cqva px`c f`~v`lixai u`cqlq` ~iq iilvmx givax`` px`ga ilnmml`na $xind`ql f`c u`c v`p Nmbcin,xind`ql f`c va~nmu`c fa ~vxqbqx`, xind`ql f`c fxmjf`a fau`c), i givax``lmx px`ga uabavila eaxgacva~n`h`la $xind`qx`laf`c exqnva, f`c vxa~v`a fa zidx, f`c gali~), ~iqig`fmcmi~a $rd`~kz, b`c);

    xind`qx` `cfq~vx`ila ' umvni, xmg ' mh`cqva px`c f`lqixaiilnmmlqlq` av`l`n xie`civ nq ip pmvih`l, nq ~iq ex ifim~

    fa ifjquic` $zidx, nmlmxic`, ixmgiv`zic`)#

    M nivabmx`a ipixva m xapxaz`cv l`nd`mxqx`la, pxapixiva px`cf`lqixai ilnmmlqlq` av`l`n il`gacvix nq ip pmvih`l, li nixa~a ifiqb zidx c nicv`viva gi` gixa $9?'>1!), ~qnqx`

    fa exqnva, atvxinva ` ginaxiva fa plicva, ixmga `nmlmxic` il`gacvix`#Iq m nmcnacvxi`a ilnmml`n fa 8?'6?! uml#

    E l e

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    Eil~`e`nx`

    _c cq fagqlv, nai gi` x~pcf`v eil~`e`nixa, qmx fa

    xail`ziv, i em~v f`lqixai nq ip, na nmcfqna lif`g`cqixai ivv i nmcnacvxi`a` ilnmml`na fix ` i in`f`v``atvxinvqlq`#

    c pxazacv, eil~`e`nx`la nmc~viq c ~qh~v`vq`xai vmvil ~iqpix`il i xind`qx`lmx civqxila $fa exqnva, fa naxaila), fa

    nil`viva ~qpax`mix, nq f`~v`liva mh`cqva f`c givax`` px`gagi` `aev`ca $gali~i) ~iq nq xind`qx` `cfq~vx`ila# M ilv gic`ax fa exiqfixa a~va ifim~ql cfqln`vmx`lmx,

    nmlmxic`lmx, ixmgiv`zic`lmx ` i ilvmx if`v`u`, ~qh~v`vq`xaiilnmmlqlq` px`c ifqbixai c hqvqx`la ~p`xvmi~a i~qh~vicalmx `q` ` nq bq~v ixzvmx#

    Qc`` eil~`e`nivmx` `cnmcv`ac` iq ifqbiv c l`nd`mxqx`icv`bal nixa, fa` a~va qc pml`bl`nml, pxazacvcf bq~vfqlna ixzvmx, a~va mvxu`vmx pacvxq mxbic`~g#

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