NATIONSA FLASHBACK ON THE
c o n v e r g i n g
To inform and to inspire...
FEW WORDS BEFORE THE TIME LAPSE!
No matter how many times youve heard it and how cliche as it may sound, it is always a good thing to look back at he past, not only to commemorate and appreciate what the ancients have done for us, but for us to learn from them and develop our own innova-tions as well.
This magazine is packed with smmaries and little fast facts on six of the most renowned civilizations of our history namely, the Chinese, Indian. Islamic, Judeo-Christian, Greek, and Roman. We wish, not only to present you with information about each civilization, but also to shed some light and inspiration to every-one of us who has the desire to be great and aim to be filled with strength and class, just as these civiliza-tions have.
The Converging Nations Team
Chinese CivilizationIndian CivilizationIslamic Civilization
Judeo-Christian CivilizationGreek Civilization
Durrell AngcoPhyllis ChuaMyca Raval
Irish TiuYaine Tobias
Meet the Team
This magazine is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements under Professor Fernando Santiago, Jr., HISTCIV - V24.
For direct links/credits and online viewing, visit the online version of the mag at http://issuu.com/jongin/docs/converging-nation!
From The Editors
This happened in a total of three dynasties, the Xie, Shang and Chou. This oc-curred until the late twenti-eth century and has estab-lished their very own and unique political system, writ-ing style, metallurgy skills, cultural beliefs and formed philosophy.
The Chinese by this time was known to have a monarchical to hierarchial type of politics, with standardized text for them to communicate. By the start of the Chou dynasty, was already adept at using bronze as a medium to cre-ate different objects ranging from musical instruments, weapons, and ceremonial vases.
People could be defined as nature-centered as they
believed in su-pernatural beings that are related to na-ture, and thus worshipped nature by means of human and animal sacrifices to ap-pease their gods. Even by their means of seeing if their king is still fit to rule is de-termined by a concept called the Mandate of Heaven, wherein if there are natural disasters occurring during a rulers time it was identi-fied as the due to the gods discontent over the persons rule. They have also been known to resort to fortune telling by the use of burning bones in order to predict the future.
Then it was by the Chou Dy-nasty that had arisen Chinas most known philosophy Confucianism. This type of philosophy catered to ethics on how a person should act
in cer-tain re-lationships (father-son, superior-vassal, ruler-constituent, etc.). But other than Confucianism, Legalism and Tao-ism was noted to rise within in the ancient periods. Thus making Chinese philosophy to foster proper relation-ships, peaceful spirituality, and discipline to laws.
Philosophies (Confucian-ism.Taoism), arts and architecture truthfully marked the influence of China all over the world.
FeaturedTidbits Philosophy: Confucianism & Taoism
Culture&Arts: Gunpowder, compass, chopsticks
Dynasties: Xie, Shang and Chou
Other Specialty: Arranged marriages; patriarchal
Photo credit: OffbeatChina.com
185 BCE. There
are three significant rulers of the Mauryan dy-
nasty; ChandaraguptaMaurya, Bindusara, and Ashoka the
The Gupta Empire (Gupta Smrjya) was an ancient Indian empire which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. Founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, the dynasty was the model of a classical civilization. The peace and prosperity created under the leadership of the Guptas enabled the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors. This period is called the Golden Age
Indias first empire, Mauryan
dynasty originated from Magadha
Kingdom. It was said to be powerful
in both political and military aspects. Its
capital, Patalipitra, was surrounded by a wounded wall with 64 gates and 570 towers. The empire lasted
for one hundred and thirty-seven years from 322 BCE to
of India and was marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineer-ing, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy that crystallized the elements of what is generally known as Hindu culture.
The Legacy of the Gupta Em-pire
The high points of the Golden Age of India are magnificent architecture, sculptures, and paintings. In addition to the visual arts, the Gupta period also produced scholars such as Kalidasa, Aryabhata, Vara-hamihira, Vishnu Sharma and Vatsyayana who made great ad-
vance-ments in many academic fields, such as the concept of zero and the base 10 (decimal numbers). Science and political administration reached new heights dur-ing the Gupta era. Strong trade ties also made the region an important cultural center and set the region up as a base that would influence nearby kingdoms and regions in Burma, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia.
Tidbits Political System: Sultanate Philosophy: Hinduism; Buddhism; Islam
Food: Goan exotic & spicy; curry
Other Specialty: Epics like Ramayana & Mahabharat; Bollywood
Photo credit: Dihrad @ Wikimedia.com
hell; men should thank
Allh for making the world as it is; Allah expects men to be generous with their wealth; and Muhammad was the prophet sent by Allah to teach and warn people of the last judgment.
The Quran is the written messages that Muham-
mad received from Allah; It instructs Muslims about how they should live their
lives. Muslims are expected to fulfill the Five Pillars of Islam (or acts of worship) The religion Islam spread
quickly because it brought a unity and purpose to the
traders and people of the Arabian Peninsula. It is also a religion for all people; it is against any racial or ethnic
discrimination. Moreover, it is not against learning from the earlier civilizations and
assimilating the sciences and cultures of the earlier civi-lizations as long as it is not
against their principles writ-ten in the Quran.
Islamic art is centered around Allah. Allah can-
not be represented through images; therefore, Muslims use abstract and decorative designs, and geometric pat-
The Prophet Mu-hammad founded the
Islamic Civilization. He was said to have been visited
by an angel, Gabriel, to preach Islam. Islam means surrendering
to the will of Allah. Inspired, he returned to Makkah, his birthplace,
to preach the words of Allah that all people are equal and that the rich
should share their goods. To the peo-ple of Makkah, where they live humbly, his preaching was easily accepted. To wealthy merchants and other religious leaders, they did not easily believed him, since they thought that he was trying to take away their power. Later, he and his follower moved north to Yathrib, which was later renamed, Madinah. The people of Madinah accepted him Gods prophet and their ruler. Thus, the start of his rule.
Islam is the foundation of the Is-lamic Civilization. The basic be-
lief of this religion are: Allah is good and omnipotent; Allah
will judge all men on the last day and assign
them their place in either
Photo credit: Akleski @ Devuantart.com
Festivals: Eid-ul-Fitr; Eid-ul-Adha
Sciences: Algorithm; Zero; Arabic Numerals
Culture&Arts: Calligraphy; Aniconism; Batik
Other Specialty: Allah; Muhammad; Koran
Religion: Judaism and Christianity
Culture: Jewish and Roman influence
Philoaophy/Sciences: Monotheistic beliefs
Other Specialty: Both religions had spread to countries ranging from
Europe to Asia
Origins and Background of Judeo-Christian Civilization This civilization is known as a union of Jewish and Christian be-liefs as both religions had stemmed from a single origin that developed and spread over time. Its closest and well-known historical record is biblical in nature, where God has an active interaction with the ancient people. Its main founder or prophet that has started this civilization is recognized as Abraham during the Bronze Age of the Middle East. And
then its people had moved from Egypt and established
Jerusalem as its territory. Its rule was maintained
by its people until, but had undergone
subjugation to Persians,
Greeks, and then by the Romans. Thus was majorly influenced by these powerful nations; but through such still retained their religious beliefs and even allowed them to adopt their beliefs, and even establish them through out their conquests and in trading with different countries. So this civilization is more known to be an influential religion than a powerful ruling nation.
Christianity vs Judaism Comparing Judaism from Christianity in terms of time frame; Judaism was formed earlier dating from 1300 B.C., while Christianity formed in 30 A.D. in the same territory of Jewish community. Proof of this is seen through their sacred texts where the Christian Bibles Old Testa-ment is similar to the J