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Corn in the traditional Romanian cuisine

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Corn in the traditional Romanian cuisine. University ProfessorDoctor Iacob Kerbalek. Corn - a short description. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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  • Corn in the traditional Romanian cuisineUniversity ProfessorDoctor Iacob Kerbalek

  • Corn - a short descriptionCorn (Zea mays ssp. mays, also known as maize) is a cereal originating in Central America, which is cultivated nowadays in many regions of the world as an edible or industrial plant, also used for feeding live stock; alongside wheat, it represents 80% of all cereal production.In our country, corn holds the leading position in the agricultural production, both in terms of agricultural surface and crops.

  • Corn - a short description SCURTA DESCRIERECorn is part of the Graminaceae family, the Zea mays species, which includes the following other varieties the corn with tough kernels, which has the endosperm in the peripheral side of the kernel, being floury in the center the horses tooth corn, in which the floury endosperm takes up most of the kernel the corn for popcorn, with white and shiny kernels, with a horn-like endosperm, except for a region next to the embryo;

  • Corn - a short description

    the starchy corn, with a wholly floury endosperm; the sugary corn, rich in Carbon hydrates and poor in starch, the kernels are wrinkled upon drying; the waxy corn;

    the clothed corn

  • Corn - a short description

    In almost all of the ecologic corn-growing areas in the world hybrids are planted instead of varieties. The first corn hybrids were created in the USA and were introduced intro the cultures after 1954.In this way, the following agricultural biological and technical traits are enhanced:A high resistance to drought and fallingA high resistance to some illnesses and pestsThe complete mechanization of agricultural technical and crop workA good usage of organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as irrigation water etc.

  • The importance of corn in food and feeding livestock

    In mans food intake, corn is used as corn flour, corn flakes, popcorn or boiled corn etc; in the industry, corn kernels are the prime matter for making ethyl alcohol, starch, glucose and dextrin;

    domestic and industrial fuel

  • The importance of corn in food and feeding livestock

    the making of bio plastic

    the high content in fat (above 6%) in the corn seeds makes this a plant good for extracting high quality oil, which is used in diet foods;

    for feeding animals, corn is used in different forms: concentrated kernels, green cobs, silo corn or simple cobs;

  • The importance of corn in food and feeding livestock

    corn kernels contain: 11,5-14% water, 9,5-15% protein, 5-8% fat, 1,5-2% mineral salt, 65-72% starch; 1 kilogram of corn has 70-80 grams of edible protein and 1,20-1,30 nutritional units;

    using corn for silos, considered to be the winter meadow of animals is the most efficient way to feed animals during the time they are kept in the stables.

  • The Properties of Corn

    corn contains many hydrocarbons, starch, albumens, many group B vitamins, vitamin E, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and potassium.magnesium which is found in large quantities in corn completes the lack of this element due to diseases caused by the ageing of the organism.

  • The Properties of Corn

    vitamin E contributes to the strengthening of the immune and muscle systems of man.It is also called the vitamin of youth, being an antioxidant which slows the aging process of the organism.

  • The Properties of Corn

    Corn has an effect against stress. It is rich in group B vitamins, especially in vitamin B1, which has an effect upon the functioning of the nervous system, the muscles, the heart and the production of red cells. 150 grams of corn cover about 25% of the necessary quantity of B1 for an adult.

  • The Properties of Corn

    Corn also contains a great antioxidant, namely beta-carotene, which protects against arthritis. By introducing corn into our daily menu, we decrease the risk of developing heart disease or cancer. The carbohydrates in corn give energy and do not allow for fat to be stored. Energy value: 100 grams of corn 97 calories.

  • The Consumption of Corn in Romania

    In Romania, the consumption of pre-packaged corn flour is of 70-80 thousand tons/year.Apart from the pre-packaged corn flour available in stores there are also around 50 thousand tons of corn flour available for self-consumption.

  • The Consumption of Corn in Romania

    For the production of beer, the consumption of corn is of 50-60 thousand tons/year.For feeding animals, the corn consumption is over 1 million tons/year.

  • The Path of Corn From the New World to the Peasant Villages at the Foot of the Carpathian Mountains

    The appearance of corn in Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania caused many debates in Romanian historiography, the best study to date being that of the great historian Constantin C. Giurescu - Controversial Problems in Romanian Historiography.

  • The Path of Corn From the New World to the Peasant Villages at the Foot of the Carpathian Mountains

    The ruler Mihai Cantacuzino, the author of Histories of the Romanians, written in 1776 attributes the introduction of corn in Wallachia to his predecessor Serban Cantacuzino (who ruled between 1678-1688). During his reign says the ruler he first planted corn in Wallachia and greatly helped the country, both to feed the people and to feed their animals, especially in times when wheat did not grow well. It was of great help to the people to have this seed in times of hunger.

  • The Path of Corn From the New World to the Peasant Villages at the Foot of the Carpathian Mountains

    Historians claim that this plant started being cultivated in the Principalities during the first half of the 17th century. To support this date, some researchers use the Cucuruzi and Cucuruzeni types, mentioned in a 17th century document.

  • Ever since it was first introduced into the traditional cuisine, corn has constituted a basic food, due to its nourishing qualities, as we can see from the name the people gave it the one in the house who is full. The importance of corn in the cuisine is certified by the large areas being cultivated, which go back to times when people ate less bread and corn was of the essence.In the Memoria Ethnologica, Pamfil Biltiu writes that the importance people gave this food is a result of the multitude of stages dealing with every stage of its cultivation.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?Mamaliga (polenta) is the Romanian name for a kind of food that is prepared from corn flour.It is better known in the rest of the world under its Italian name polenta, but it is also well known in many other countries, such as Hungary (puliszka) Savoy, Switzerland, Austria, Croatia (palenta, ganci, pura), Slovenia (polenta , ganci), Serbia (palenta), Bulgaria, Corsica, Brazil (polenta), Argentina, Ukraine (culesa), Uruguay, Venezuela and Mexico.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    Polenta is a traditional food in Romania. Considered to be the food of peasants, it is often used as a substitute for bread or as a basic food during summer periods when working hard in the field does not allow for preparing homemade bread and in the poor rural areas. Today polenta and other foods based on it have become dishes also available in expensive restaurants and are appreciated by gourmet lovers.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol? Polenta is a traditional food in Romania. Considered to be the food of peasants, it is often used as a substitute for bread or as a basic food during summer periods when working hard in the field does not allow for preparing homemade bread and in the poor rural areas.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    It was widely used before the industrialization, given the easiness of making it in comparison to bread. In the modern age, the preoccupation for a diverse and healthy diet has made the subject of numerous research projects, and the science of nutrition considers polenta to have a high intake of vitamins, being recommended to people who suffer of lung diseases, respiratory problems or anemia etc.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    Today polenta and other foods based on it have become dishes also available in expensive restaurants and are appreciated by gourmet lovers.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol? Traditionally, polenta is made by boiling water with salt and corn flour into a cast iron bowl, which has a special shape, named ceaun (cast-iron kettle). When it is prepared is the peasant style and used instead of bread, it is much thicker than Italian polenta and can be cut into pieces, much like bread.When it is cooked for other purposes, polenta can be moist, much like porridge.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?It has been on the table of the Romanian people for over 1000 years, in spite of the fact that corn only made it to the Danube around the 17th century, and polenta has melted its destiny together with that of the peasants, gaining a special dimension in the spirituality of the Romanians.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    If in ancient times when grazing the flock was still predominant and the cultures most often encountered were those of millet from its flour bread and polenta could be made, later on corn took over. The extraordinary spread of corn in these parts, which nowadays greatly exceeds wheat cultures is owed to the fact that corn polenta is far superior.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    Polenta has made history in Romania but has never grown to have the dimension of bread or the prestige of wheat. In every seed of wheat one can see the face of Christ, bread is part of holy customs, of the entire Christian symbolism. (Serban Anghelescu, ethnologist, scientific researcher at the Museum of the Romanian Peasant). In spite of this, polenta has created a special place for itself in Romanian traditions, although it is only known here for barely 300 years.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    Polenta is not a Romanian patented food. From the Balkans to Southern France, boiling corn flour has been an essential eating habit in the past centuries. In Sicily and the poorer South of the Italian Peninsula, polenta is even a symbol, brought down only by the diversity of recipes that are found in local culinary specificities.

  • Romanian Polenta A National Symbol?

    That which brings polenta the value of a symbol has much to do with a constant connection to poor rural areas, which sadly still exist today. From the top of the mountain to the middle of the Baragan plains, the Romanian peasant has swallowed it in notches, working hard as a serf or sharing it with his animals.

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Tandoori CornPreparation

    1. The corncobs are placed in simmering water with salt for 8-10 minutes. During this time, the butter is stirred until it foams and is mixed with the Tandoori paste. Mint leaves are to be cut into small shreds and folded. It is to be seasoned with pepper and lemon juice.

    2. The corncobs are left to dry well and then the Tandoori-Butter paste is applied and they are left to grill by mild heat for 10 minutes on each side. The hot corncobs are then served with the rest of the Tandoori butter mix.

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Corn Muffins

    Ingredients

    Quantity needed for 12 Muffins

    1 small red pepper1 small green pepper150 g corn kernels from a package1 vegetable bullion cube100 g flour (type 1050)150 g corn flour150 g Gruyere cheese 2 spoons baking powder spoon sodium1 egg300 g yoghurtbutter for the potsalt and pepper from the grinder

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Potatoes with corn

    Preparation

    1. Peal the potatoes, cut them into quarters and boil them in salted water for 20 minutes. Let the corn drip into a strainer.

    2. Pour the potatoes, dry them shortly and mash them. Warm some milk and mix the corn with the potatoes and with salt.

    3. Warm up some butter in a frying pan and throw in some freshly grind nutmeg.

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Potato Salad with CornPotatoes, freshly madeOnionsHerb-flavored vinegarSugarBeef brothPepper, saltMayonnaiseSour creamMustardLemon juiceCornRed pepperPeasParsleyDill

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Wrap with Ham Fillet, Pepper and CornIngredients20 g mustard1 full fat yoghurt1 horseradish1 tortilla wrap (about 20 cm diameter)6 slices of fillet ham (about 5 g) red pepper2 doses of vegetables and corntoothpicksgreaseproof paper

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Easy to make Corn Soup

    Ingredients

    Quantities needed for 4 portions

    4 corncobs or 30 g of corn from the bag1 onion2 pieces of garlica bit of coriander (for the side dish)butter (for vegans without lactose: vegetable fat)1 vegetable stocksoya saucesugarcorn starch (without gluten: from potatoes)

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Empanadas with Strawberry and Corn

    Ingredients

    Quantities needed for 8 piecesWaterFine polentaHoney150 g ricotta250 g strawberriessquare pieces of puffy pastry made with boiled butter, 340 g powdered sugar for sprinkling on top

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Corn and Onion Quiche

    200 g butter (melted), 350 g flour, baking soda, salt, freshly grinder pepper.

    For the filling: 4 big onions (pealed and cut into small pieces), olive oil, salt, freshly grinder pepper, sugar, 2 bagged portions of corn (dripped). For the dish: 3 eggs, sour cream, salt and freshly grinder pepper, fresh nutmeg. Besides these: flour for the mixing and fat for the pot.

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Tamales filled with Corn4 fresh corncobs with leaves, salt, 300 ml thick vegetable broth, butter, 150 g polenta, 60 g hard cheese (for example parmesan), 1 egg, pepper, cayenne pepper, oil for application

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Rice with Corn1 onion, oil, curry powder, 250 g rice, 200 g corn, salt, orange juice

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Chilli Corn

    Ingredients:CornOnionsGarlicChilliCorn oilSaltCayenne pepperHot pepper sauce

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Brussels sprouts soup with corn and Saffron1 small onion, 1 garlic clove, 1 small carrot, 250 g Brussels sprouts, rapeseed oil, 400 ml vegetable broth, 100 g corn kernels, chives, saffron, iodized salt, pepper

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Ingredients:1 red pepper1 yellow pepper1 green pepper1 dose of bagged corn2 apples2 tomatoes onionfresh chivessqueeze a half of a lemonoilhoneyspicy paprika condiment1 bowl of sour creamsalt, pepper

  • What else is there besides polenta?

    Corn Cakes with Coconut350 g coarse corn170 g fine flour corn oilmilk300 g sugar3 eggs100 g 100 g coconut flakes1 pack of baking powder

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