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Current Trends in Internet of Things (IOT)

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  • CURRENT TRENDS IN

    INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)

    Dr. Mazlan AbbasCEO - REDtone IOT Sdn Bhd

    Email: [email protected]

    July 21, 2016

  • KEVIN ASHTON FATHER OF THE IOT

    Kevin Ashton coined Internet of Things during his job at MIT Auto-ID Center

  • TECHNOLOGIES THAT ENABLE IOT

    Cheap sensors(50% cheaper)

    Cheap bandwidth(40x cheaper)

    Cheap processing &

    smarter(60x cheaper)

    Ubiquitous wireless coverage(free wifi)

    Big data(unstructured

    data)

    IPv6

    Smartphones(personal gateway)

    For the Past 10 Years

  • VIDEO - FACEBOOK OF THINGS

  • [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]

  • [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]

  • [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]

  • http://visual.ly/future-internet-things

  • By 2016 Gartner predicts 6.4 billion devices will be connected to the internet -- and 5.5 million new 'things' will join them each day.

    63 devices connected every second

    HOW BIG IS THE IOT MARKET?

  • http://visual.ly/future-internet-things

  • Feature enablementCreating a product with a new, connected feature that is appealing to customers.

    Service enablementDelivering on a service-level agreement (SLA) such as uptime or deploying a service call before the customer knows there is an issue.

    Sales enablementUnderstanding customers and how theyre using the product, which allows for upsell/cross sell opportunities and automated sales of add-on products.

    IDENTIFY BUSINESS CASEYOUR IOT JOURNEY STARTS HERE

  • ENVIRONMENTS

    Manufacturing35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement them within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC

    TransportationConnected cars are a top IoT device. We estimate there will be over 220M connected cars on the road by 2020.

    Oil, gas, and miningIn five years, it is predicted that 5.4 million IoT devices will be used on oil extraction sites. BI Intelligence said that these devices will primarily be internet-connected sensors used to provide environmental metrics about extraction sites.

    InsuranceA survey has found that 74% of insurance executives believe the IoT will disrupt insurance within the next five years. 74% also plan to invest in developing and implementing IoT strategies by 2016, according to an SMA Research survey.

    [Source:http://www.cbronline.com/news/internet-of-things/m2m/smart-connected-always-on-10-huge-iot-impacts-on-10-huge-sectors-4709736v]

  • ENVIRONMENTS

    DefenseWe estimate spending on drones will reach $8.7B in 2020. In addition, 126K military robots will be shipped in 2020, according to Frost & Sullivan.

    AgricultureWe estimate 75M IoT devices will be shipped for agricultural uses in 2020, at a 20% CAGR. These devices are primary sensors placed in soil to track acidity levels, temperature, and variables that help farmers increase crop yields.

    Connected Homesmart meters are already a reality, and from the 313 million installed in homes worldwide in 2013, Navigate Research predicts that number to jump to 1.1 billion by 2022

    Food ServicesWith the world population on the rise, IoT will help to keep food production levels at good pace. BI Intelligence estimates 75 million IoT device installations for agricultural uses by 2020, at a 20% CAGR.

    [Source:http://www.cbronline.com/news/internet-of-things/m2m/smart-connected-always-on-10-huge-iot-impacts-on-10-huge-sectors-4709736v]

  • ENVIRONMENTS

    InfrastructureWe estimate municipalities worldwide will increase their spending on IoT systems at a 30% CAGR, from $36B in 2014 to $133B in 2019. This investment will generate $421B in economic value for cities worldwide in 2019.

    RetailBeacons, paired with mobile apps, are being used in stores to monitor customer behavior and push advertisements to customers. In the US, we estimate $44.4B will be generated from beacon triggered messages.

    UtilitiesEnergy companies throughout the world are trying to meet the rising demand in energy. To do this, they will be installing nearly 1 B smart meters by 2020.

    Hospitality31% of hotels use next-generation door locks, 33% have room control devices, 16% have connected TVs, and 15% use beacons throughout the hotel, according to Hospitality Technologys 2015 Lodging Technology survey.

    [Source:http://www.cbronline.com/news/internet-of-things/m2m/smart-connected-always-on-10-huge-iot-impacts-on-10-huge-sectors-4709736v]

  • ENVIRONMENTS

    LogisticsTracking sensors placed on parcels and shipping containers will help reduce costs associated to lost or damaged goods. In addition, robots such as Amazon Kiva robot, help reduce labor costs in warehouses.

    BanksThere are nearly 3M ATMs installed globally in 2015, according the World Bank. Some teller-assist ATMs provide live-stream video of a teller for added customer support.

    HealthcareWe estimate 646M IoT devices will be used for healthcare by 2020. Connected healthcare devices can collect data, automate processes, and more. But these devices can also be hacked, thereby posing a threat to the patients who rely on them.

    Smart Buildings43% of building managers in the US believe the IoT will affect how they run their building within the next 2 to 3 years, according to a survey from Daintree Networks.

    [Source:http://www.cbronline.com/news/internet-of-things/m2m/smart-connected-always-on-10-huge-iot-impacts-on-10-huge-sectors-4709736v]

  • Monitoring

    Autonomous

    OptimizationControl

    IOT MATURITY

  • FUNCTIONAL VIEW OF IOT TECHNOLOGIES

  • BOX-LEVEL VIEW OF IOT BUILDING BLOCKS

  • MAKING SENSE OF DATA BUT WHAT

    DATA?

    THE GOLD RUSH

  • 2009800,000 petabytes

    202035 zettabytesas much Data and Content

    Over Coming Decade

    44x80% Of worlds datais unstructured

  • DATA OWNERSHIPS

    Personal /Household

    Private

    Public Commercial SensorData Provider

  • Home Health Transport OfficeWaste

    IOT MAKE SENSE WHEN YOU BLEND THE DATA

    Creating New Compound Applications

  • Wisdom

    Knowledge

    Information

    Data

    More Important

    Less Important

    Evaluated understanding

    Appreciation of

    Answers to questions.

    Symbols

    Understanding

    Answers to

    questions

    WHO

    WHY

    HOW

    WHAT

    WHERE WHEN

    VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA

  • Wisdom

    Knowledge

    Information

    Data

    More Important

    Less Important

    Understanding

    VALUE PYRAMID FOR SMART PARKING

    N/A

    Empty (0), Full (1)

    Who park at this lot? What kind of vehicle?

    Where is the empty parking lot?

    When is the peak period?

    How to implement a tiered charging?

    How to find overstayed vehicles?

  • COMPLEXITY OF SMART CITIES

    Date/Time Location Communicationpattern ServicesAccessed

    Locationandtimeofuse Numberofpassengers Journey time Potentialdelays

    Location CellTowerInformation ServicesAccessed Lengthoftimeand

    extentofuse Usagepatternsof

    subscribers

    Temperature Environmentaldata Usagepatterns Demographics

    Routes GeospatialInformation

    Numberofmobilesubscribersonbusinneighborhoods

    Usagepatternsofpublictransportindifferentneighborhoods

    Loadonmobilenetworkincertainneighborhoodsduringdifferentevents,eg.crimereportingorconcerts

    DemographicsofMobileInternetusage

    Mappingofcitiesdigitaldivide

    Improveddecisionmaking Feedbacktoimprove

    publictransportservices Reducingcostof

    deliveryofgovernmentservices

    Improvingcrimeresponsetime

    Product forsale Feedbacktoimprove

    publictransportservices Reducingcostof

    deliveryofgovernmentservices

    Improvingcrimeresponsetime

    KnowledgeProductsInformationComponentRawDataReal-timedatainputs

  • SMART CITYINTRODUCTION TO

  • FIVE BIG REASONS WE FOCUS ON CITIES

    More than half the world lives in cities.

    Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries.

    More than 60% of cities have yet to be built.

    Cities are at the forefront of global innovation.

    By 2050, 70% of the worlds population will live in cities

  • BUILDING 3 TYPES OF CITIES

    ROI-driven

    Carbon-driven

    Vanity-driven

  • CITIZEN-FOCUSED BUILDING TRUST

    Citizen-Centric Data-DrivenDecision

    SmartTools Responsive

    CostEffective

    Accountable

    Transparent

    Collaborative

  • SMART

    #bettercitybetterworld

    CITYBETTER CITY BETTER WORLD

    Build cities through the eyes of

    the CITIZENS

  • VISION OF THE CITY OF THE FUTURE

    Open source and open data

    Make visible the invisible

    Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city

    Technology may help mitigate the black hole problem.

  • CITIZEN

    ENGAGEMENT

    CROWDSENSING VIA

  • We Build Cities Based on Citizen-Centric Approach

    CROWDSENSINGGet citizens input via their smartphones

    LIVEABLE CITIESCitizens have a better quality of life

    BUILD NEXT SMART CITY SOLUTIONLeverage innovative IOT solutions to solve the pain points of cities inhabitants

    RANK & DECIDEAuthorities decide and justify their next plan of action

    CITY INDICATORCitizens will see how their cities perform

    REDtone IOT APPROACH

    BUILDING THE NEXT SMART CITY SOLUTIONS

    IDENTIIFY & SOLVEIdentify locations of issues and City Authorities respond accordingly

  • CROWDSOURCING

    HELP TO IDENTIFY

    CRIME AREAS

  • Smart Cities are responsive to the problems of the citizens.

    CROWDSOURCING

    PREVENT BEFORE

    BECOMING UNBEARABLE

    POTHOLES

  • CROWDSOURCING

    HELP TO IDENTIFY

    FLOOD AREAS

  • CATCH THE ACT OF VANDALISMDESTRUCTION OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY

    CROWDSOURCING

  • Ad Hoc

    Chaotic

    Unmanaged

    SMS

    Whatsapp

    Facebook

    Twitter

    Radio

    TV

  • BE THE EYES OF THE CITY

  • LET ALL CITIZENS BE THE CITYS EYES

  • A PICTURE WORTH A 1000 WORDS

  • BUT NOT FEEL LIKE A COMPLAINT

    REPORT AN ISSUE

  • When we coupled both IOT technology and human sensitivity, it gave a totally different dimension - Nothing beats the data generated that has a human emotion inside- Dr. Mazlan Abbas-

  • CITIACTAPP FOR ACTION, NOT TALKING

  • MOBILE APPLICATION

  • CRIME AREAS FLASH FLOODS

    NOISE LEVEL ROAD QUALITY

    PROFILING OUR CITIESGAINING INSIGHTS OPTIMISING RESOURCES

  • 1. Combining it with magnetic data from other sources, we hope to create near-real-time models of Earth's time changing magnetic field to aid navigation.

    2. Mapping static magnetic noise sources (for e.g. power transformer and iron pipes) could potentially improve accuracy of the magnetic navigation systems.

    CrowdMag

  • SMARTCITIZEN.ME

  • DATA CANVAS

    [Source: http://map.datacanvas.org/ ]

  • TOP CITIACT PAIN POINTS

  • BUILD YOUR

    NEXT SMART CITY SOLUTIONS?

    HOW-TO

  • SMART VANDALISM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Local Councils

    Illegal PostersWill be uselessIllegal Posters with

    Telephone Numbers

    Phone NumbersBlocked

  • SMART WASTE MANAGEMENT

    TIMELY SCHEDULE

    ALERT

    IM FULL

    UNATTENDED GARBAGE

    RIGHT ROUTES

  • SMART PARKING

    Smart ParkingWith Sensors

    Location ofParking

    Availability

    Parking Utilization

    Tiered PricingParking

  • SMART STREET LIGHTING

    Prevent Crime with Proper Lighting

  • IoT in Smart City

    Environmental Monitoring

    Multiple Sensors Outdoor Parking Management

    Parking sensors

    River MonitoringWater Quality and

    Flood Warning

    Traffic Intensity Monitoring

    Devices located at main entrance of city

    Guidance to free parking lots

    Panels located at intersections

    Smart CitizenCrowdsensing

    Smart Waste ManagementSensors in waste bins and

    garbage trucks Temperature CO Noise Car Presence Ferromagnetic

    sensors

    Water level Weather Flow sensor pH sensor

    Measure main traffic parameters Traffic volumes Road occupancy Vehicle speed Queue Length

    Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots

    GPS Infra-red sensors

    User generated feedback with smartphones that help to make cities better

  • SMART CITY

  • Smart Parking Smart Waste Management

    Smart Street Light Smart Transportation

    Open Data Parking GarbageCollection Lighting

    PublicTransport Smartphone

    Users

    SMART CITYHUB

    Social Media

    IOT APPLICATIONS

    SENSOR DATA

    CitiAct

    GETTING CONNECTED

    CitiSense is REDtone IOTs Middleware that connects and aggregates sensor data from multiple sources. It also provide interface for developers to access the data and create innovative applications and derive meaningful insights for business decision making.

  • BETWEEN VISION & REALITY OF SMART CITY1. Lack of Connectivity

    2. Unwillingness to share the same infrastructure

    3. Data is not totally open

    4. Not really a citizen-centric vision

    5. Excuses cost of implementation is high

    6. Theres no Champion

    7. Worried about job obsolescence

  • THANK [email protected]

    EMAIL: [email protected] TWITTER: @mazlan_abbas FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas

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