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  • 7/26/2019 Curs no.3 rev6.pdf

    1/31

    A A A A A3

    . A A A

    .337(91) ( 30 2012): A

    1 C ( " C ")

    II 1/3 12 I C S L S (SOLAS), 1974,

    A C SOLAS C C ( 1.

    2 , A " " .

    , , , . R ,

    .F A

    ,

    3 C ,

    .

    4 O R ( A.343(I )), C .

    R

    R C , C

    . C .

    A 1 A

    1.1

    1.1.1 C

    . C

    . C ,

    N S R .O

    . SOLAS I .

    1.1.2 R :.1 ;

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    A A A A A3

    .2

    .3 ;

    .4 .

    1.1.3 A C

    C , C , , :

    P 1.3.2 1.3.3P 3.4.2 3.4.3C 5S 6.3S 7.3

    A 2 A 3 A 4

    1.2

    C ' :

    .1 ,

    , ;

    .2 ;

    .3 ,

    1.3 A

    1.3.1 C 1,600 .

    1.3.2 , C

    1,600 , , A

    1.3.3 C 1,600 , A .

    1.3.4 C :

    .1 ;

    .2 ;

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    A A A A A3

    .3 ;

    .4 ;

    .5 ;

    .6 ;

    .7 ;

    .8 ;

    .9 ;

    .10 ;

    .11 .

    1.3.5 C .

    1.3.6 D A ,

    . S . I ,

    C , 5.

    1.3.7 F , ,

    4.2.3 4.2.4 , ' .

    1.3.8 C , C .

    1.3.9 I , , ,

    C , A .

    1.3.10 C / / , , , .

    1.4

    F C . A C .

    1.4.1 A : C , ( ' ), , ( , , , ,

    ) .

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    A A A A A3

    1.4.2 A R' : A ( B) ,

    ( ISO 717 1:1996 1:2006).

    1.4.3 A LA ( ): A , , ,

    . I

    A ( B(A)) :

    : = ( ) = A = 20 P ( ).

    1.4.4 A : A

    61672 1).

    1.4.5 C LC ( ): C , ,

    . I C ( B(C)) :

    : = ( ) = C = 20 P ( ).

    1.4.6 C LC : C . I C ( B(C)) :

    : = C = 20 P ( ).

    1.4.7 C : C

    61672 1 (2002 05)).

    1.4.8 C : S .

    1.4.9 C : A .

    1.4.10 D (L ,24 ) 24 .

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    A A A A A3

    : 0 24 .

    A (LA ), (LA , )

    A , ;

    L = LA 24 .

    1.4.11 D : A , .

    1.4.12 D : , '

    , , ( ), ,

    .

    1.4.13 D : A .

    , :

    .1 , , ;

    .2 " " , "L" " "

    , .

    1.4.14 E : A .

    1.4.15 F : A , , , .

    1.4.16 H : H ISO S 389 1(1998).

    .

    1.4.17 H : A .P . A

    .

    1.4.18 I : A A C .

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    A A A A A3

    1.4.19 M : A , , , , ,

    , , , , .

    1.4.20 M : A , , ,

    , .

    1.4.21 N : ' ' .

    1.4.22 N : C SOLAS II 1/3 12.1.

    1.4.23 N : F C .

    1.4.24 N : A , .

    1.4.25 N : S A ( 1.4.4).

    1.4.26 O : , .

    1.4.27 P : A

    1.4.28 P : A , .

    1.4.29 P : .

    1.4.30 P : .

    1.4.31 R , : ,

    , , .

    1.4.32 S : E .

    1.4.33 S L SPL: S ( B :

    : = , P = 20 P ( ).

    1.4.34 :

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    A A A A A3

    , ,

    1.4.35 , R : A ( ) ,

    ( ISO 717 1:1997 1:2006).

    A 2 A

    2.1

    2.1.1 S

    M . S

    61672 1(2002 05) / 1 , A .

    R . S / 1 IEC 651/IEC 804

    1 J 2016.

    2.1.2 O

    , , , IEC 61260 (1995)3 A

    2.2

    2.2.1 C

    S IEC 60942 (2003 01) .

    2.2.2 C

    C ISO 17025 (2005)

    (C 1:2006).

    2.2.3 M

    A , . . , .

    B(A) " " .

    A 3 A

    3.1

    3.1.1 O ,

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    A A A A A3

    4 3.3 3.4

    4.3.

    3.1.2 M A , LA ( ) 4.

    3.1.3 M C LC ( ) LC LA ( ) 85 B(A HML

    7 2.

    3.2

    3.2.1 I

    .

    3.2.2 :.1 , ;.2 C .

    3.3 O

    3.3.1 M . . .

    3.3.2 N , , 80%

    C S , , F

    , A ,

    3.3.1 3.3.2.

    3.3.3 A , , , ., ,

    . H , .

    3.3.4 M , ,

    , . M ,

    ,

    3.3.5 M ,

    3.3.6 D .

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    A A A A A3

    3.3.7 S . M . R

    .

    3.3.8 S , , ., . F , 40%

    ' .

    M . I , . . ,

    , 5

    ISO 1702 .

    3.3.9 I D P (DP), , DP

    , . A , , D

    , DP 40

    .

    3.4

    3.4.1 M 3.4.2, 3.4.3 3.4.4 .

    3.4.2 '

    . N 3.5.3.

    3.4.3 ,

    5. S A

    3.4.4 M 5.3.5

    4.2.1 ,

    3.5

    3.5.1 ' . S

    .

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    A A A A A3

    3.5.2 , , . 4 1

    . I , .

    3.5.3 C , , ,

    . I , .

    3.6

    3.6.1 D , .

    3.6.2 S A (C ( B(C)) 31.5 8,000 H

    3.6.3 ( 3.13.1)

    15 . R

    B 5 ,

    3.7

    I ( 5) ISO 9612:2009. A ISO 9612 4.

    3.8

    .

    3.9

    , . M

    C A 1.5 B.

    3.10

    I , 1.2 ( ) 1.6 ( ) .

    2 , 10

    . I 0.5 . 3.11 3.14. M

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    A A A A A3

    .

    .

    .

    , , , 1

    , , .

    3.11

    3.11.1 M , ,

    .

    3.11.2 M 1 , , .

    .

    3.11.3 M . M 1.2 1.6

    , :

    .1 1 , 3 ,

    / ( )

    I B(A) ,

    . F , , ,

    ;

    .2 , . . ;

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    A A A A A3

    .3 .1 .2 , ;

    .4 , , 10 ;

    .5 , . . . I , .1, (

    ) .

    3.12

    M .

    3.13

    3.13.1 O . / 1 (+/ 0.5 ,

    3.10.1). A , . . 10 B(A),

    , .

    3.13.2 40 . C , . .

    , .

    3.13.3 F , / , .

    , A .

    3.13.4 O , .

    3.14

    3.14.1 I 3.10 3.13,

    , .

    3.14.2 I , , ,

    .

    3.14.3 I , .

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    A A A A A3

    A 4 A A A

    4.1

    4.1.1 . ,

    .

    4.1.2 B , 4.2 . I

    .

    4.1.3 P 85 B(A) ( 5).

    4.2.1 7 .

    4.1.4 L A ( 1.4.24).

    4.2

    L ( B(A)) :

    I (

    1.3.6),

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    A A A A A3

    . 7.4. E ,

    . R R

    ( A.343(I )) . H : .

    4.3

    4.3.1 A . .

    . , .

    4.3.2 1.

    4.3.3

    A 5

    5.1

    5.1.1 4 L (24) 80 B(A), . .

    80 B(A). F

    3.7.

    5.1.2 I 85 B(A), , , ,

    .

    5.1.3 E S MS ' ,

    , .

    5.1.4 C , 2. N

    B(C).

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    A A A A A3

    5.2

    I , 7 . E

    C , ,

    A .

    5.3

    S 5.1 5.3.1 5.3.5.

    5.3.1 M ( A, F 1)

    N , , B(A) L (24) 105 B(A).

    5.3.2 O ( B, F 1)

    O B 25 35 B(A) .

    5.3.3 O ( C, F 1)

    I C 25 B(A) .

    5.3.4 D ( D, F 1)

    I ( ) 25 B(A)

    .

    5.3.5 M ( E, F 1)

    F , 85 B(A).

    , L (24) 80 B(A) .C , 24

    75 B(A).

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    A A A A A3

    : A

    : A D 85 B(A) . E

    80 B(A) .

    5.4 24

    A 5.3 ( 1), 24

    B(A). E ' .

    5.5 H

    5.5.1 A LA >85 B(A)

    . S

    .1 I , A .

    .2 I ( 2).

    .3 M .

    .4 P

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    A A A A A3

    5.5.2 A

    . S 24 24 ,

    '

    A 6 A A A A A

    6.1

    C

    , , .

    6.2

    6.2.1 (R )

    S 717 1:1996 (1:2006), 1 :

    C R = 35M , , = 45C R = 30C R = 30.

    6.2.2 ISO 10140 2:2010, A .

    6.3

    6.3.1 C . D ,

    , 6.2.1 A .

    6.3.2 R' 6.2.1 3 B.

    N : F ISO 140 4:1998.

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    A A A A A3

    A 7 A A A A

    7.1

    4.1.3,

    .

    .

    7.2

    7.2.1 7.2.2.

    C .

    7.2.2 H B(A) ( 5.1). S

    HML ISO 4869 2:1994 ( 2). N ( )

    .

    7.2.2.1 N .

    7.3

    S 2.

    7.4

    ( ) 85 B(A),

    A ( E ).I ( )

    , .

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    A A A A A3

    A 1A

    1 .1 N .2 P .3 N , .4 N .5 P .6 IMO .7 G

    .8 .9 S '

    ( ).10 D .11 D .12 D

    2

    .1 P M : : N :M . N : N :

    .2 A M : :O : N :

    .3 M :

    .4 ( , , S N : N :D :

    .5 O ( )

    .6 E M : :N :F : F : / ( /N)

    A : 3/ : P

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    A A A A A3

    3

    .1 I M S N .S MF

    CO

    .2 C D C S

    .3 I /

    4

    .1 D : S : C :

    .2 S '

    .3 L

    .4 C D D D

    .5 S

    .6 S

    .7 A :

    .8 P :

    .9 P :

    .10 P :

    .11 N :

    .12 N :

    .13 N :

    .14 E ( / / )

    .15 E (%MCR)

    .16 O : , .

    5

    N M B(A) LA B(A)

    LC B(C)LC B(C)

    : M LC LC 85 B(A) .

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    A A A A A3

    M M

    N

    N L , R R

    A C MR O O

    G , S

    6 ( )

    7 ( ).. ..

    N ..

    A ....

    .. . P D S

    A A

    A A A

    F

    4. F ISO 1996 2:2007.

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    A A A A A3

    A 2A

    A A A

    1

    1.1 S . I

    85 B(A). I C :

    .1 ;

    .2 , , ;

    .3

    ;

    .4 , , .

    1.2 A .

    2

    2.1 C .

    2.2 85 B(A), .1 C ;.2

    ;.3

    ; .4 ,

    .

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    A A A A A3

    2.3 , ,

    .

    3

    S :.1 ;.2

    ;.3

    , ;

    .4 .

    4

    4.1 S ISO 4869 2:1994. I

    , HML .

    4.2 HML ISO 4869"E A

    H, M, L A (LA ) C (LC HML

    .

    4.2.1 HML , . H M

    . LC LA

    .

    4.2.2 M L LC LA 2 B .

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    A A A A A3

    4.3 A HML :

    O , 110 B(A), 115 B(C).

    H= 35 B, M=30 B, L=20 B.

    .1 M ' L M (110 B(A)).

    .2 S / . I LC LA 2 B (L) LC LA 2 B (M).

    .3 I / (LC LA 2), . I 80 B(A)

    8 .

    .4 I (LC L > 2), . I ,

    > 85 B(A)

    8 . C L25 B .

    4.4 C HML P D

    . H, M L L'A ( A ) .

    .1 C L L ( L L . A 1 A C ).

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    A A A A A3

    .2 I L L 2 B, P N R (PNR) :

    I LC LA >2 B, PNR :

    .3 PNR A L'A:L'A = LA PNR

    E : H H = 35 B, M = 25 B, L = 20 B

    N :

    LA = 108.7 B(A)LC = 109.0 B(C)

    LC LA = 0.3 B

    PNR = 25 ((35 25)/4)*(0.3 2) = 29.3 B

    L'A = 108.7 29.3 = 79.4 B(A).

    I , 80 B(A) .

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    A A A A A3

    A 3

    A A

    1

    1.1 I 4 5 C , .

    1.2 D .

    1.3 S 2 10

    . C

    , .

    1.4 I , ,

    , , ,

    .

    1.5 ,

    , .

    1.6 D ,

    .

    1.7 , A

    .

    2

    2.1 , 4.2 C

    ( 6.1 ).

    2.2 A .

    2.3 M , , . ,

    , .

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    A A A A A3

    2.4 C , , ' .

    2.5 C , , , .

    2.6 S , , , .,

    .

    2.7 , , ( ) ( ) ,

    .

    2.8 I , , , .

    3

    3.1 E ,

    .

    3.2 S ,

    3.3

    , , .

    4

    4.1 I ,

    2 ,

    4.2 C .

    4.2 4.1 5.3.1 C A

    .

    4.3 , .

    5

    ,

    , , .

    I

    .

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    A A A A A3

    6

    6.1 I

    2.1 ).

    6.2 I

    85 B(A), .

    7

    7.1 .

    7.2 C .

    7.3 .

    8

    8.1 . I

    .

    8.2 M

    .

    9 I A ,

    / . S

    ,

    10

    10.1 , ,

    .

    10.2 , , , ,

    , .

    10.3 , .

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    A A A A A3

    11

    11.1 I , / , ,

    4.

    11.2 11.1

    4.2 C

    11.3 , , ,

    4.2 C , .

    12

    12.1 N , , ( 500 H ) ,

    180 .

    . , .

    12.2 S . :

    .1 A , ,

    .

    .2 A , .

    .3 N ( ) .

    .

    .4 N . A

    , .

    12.3 I O .

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    A A A A A3

    13

    13.1 I 1,600 G . N

    /

    ,

    (I S M C ).

    13.2 N .

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    A A A A A3

    A 4

    1

    1.1 I L (24) 80 B

    .

    1.2 ISO 9612:

    1.3 A / :

    2 /

    2.1 , ( ) .

    E : M C E C .

    2.2 F , . .

    E : S M E G .

    2.3 F , ( ) . A (

    / / ).

    E :

    A : = 1 = = 5 = 2 M = = 2 = 3 S = = 2 = 4 E = = 1 = 5 O = = 14

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