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Cyber terrorism

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  • 1. CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, CYBER TERRORISM Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 EMAIL [email protected] JENI VARGHESE WEBSITE PATENT DEPT. www.altacit.com

2. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, The term cyber terrorism was coined in 1996 by148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Barry Collin.Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 Cyber terrorism - convergence of cyberspace andBANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, terrorism. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 3. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, US national infrastructure protection centre148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (2001) has defined cyber terrorism as:BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,A criminal act perpetrated by the use of computersRaheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. and telecommunications capabilities, resulting in Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 violence, destruction and/or disruption of services,COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, where the intended purpose is to create fear by causing Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921confusion and uncertainty within a given population, with the goal of influencing a government or population to conform to a particular political, social or ideological agenda. EMAIL Use of computers, internet and information [email protected] WEBSITE gateways to support traditional terrorism. www.altacit.com 4. CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, Targets may include power plants, military148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. installations, the banking industry, air traffic control centers, water systems, and other major centers Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, affecting the lives and well-being of many people and 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 companies.COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 5. FEATURES OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, Difficulty Identifying Attackers: It remains difficult to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, determine the identity of the initiators of most cyber attacks.Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 Lack of Boundaries: Attacks can originate from anywhere inBANGALORESuite 920, Level 9, the world and from multiple locations simultaneously.Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Speed of Development: The time between the discovery of a Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 new vulnerability and the emergence of a new tool orCOIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, technique that exploits the vulnerability is getting shorter. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Low Cost of Tools: The technology employed in attacks is Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 simple to use, inexpensive, and widely available. Automated Methods: The methods of attack have become automated and more sophisticated, resulting in greater damage from a single attack. EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 6. FORMS OF CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, Some of the forms of cyber terrorism are: Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 (a) Privacy violation.BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, (b) Secret information appropriation and data 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400theft.COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (c) Demolition of e-governance base. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 (d) Distributed Denial of Services (DoS) attack. (e) Network damage and disruptions. (f) Use of cyber communications for terrorism. EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 7. METHODS OF ATTACK CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, Three methods of attack: involves different types148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 of weaponsBANGALORE (a) Physical Attack:Suite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, against computer facilities and/or transmission lines. 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001.accomplished by use of conventional weapons to destroy or seriously Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 injure computers and their terminals.COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, (b) Electronic Attack: Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921use of power of electromagnetic energy or electromagnetic pulse to overload computer circuitry. (c) Cyber Attack or Computer Network Attack: use of a malicious code to take advantage of softwares weakness; or an attacker uses stolen information to enter restricted computer systems. EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 8. TOOLS FOR CYBERTERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, Some of the tools used by cyber terrorists to148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 disseminate their agenda are:-BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9, (a)Virus: A computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another.Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, (b)Worm: a standalone computer program that # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. (c) Trojan Horse: A non-self-replicating type of malware which facilitates unauthorized access to EMAIL the users computer system. [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 9. TOOLS FOR CYBER TERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, (d) Logic Bomb: A piece of code intentionallyinserted into a software system that will set Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,off a malicious function when specifiedconditions are met.Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, (e)Trap Doors: A method of gaining access to # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921some part of a system other than by thenormal procedure. (f)Denial of Service: The attacker sends almostinnumerable requests for information/e-mail EMAILthat cause a computer systems to crash. [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 10. TOOLS FOR CYBERTERRORISM CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, (g)Useof Cryptography and148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004.Steganography: to aid terrorism Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9, Cryptography: Information is transformed intoRaheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. unreadable format (cipher text). Only those Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 who possess a secret key can decipher (orCOIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, decrypt) the message into plain text. Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 Steganography: Writing hidden messages in away that no one, apart from the sender andintended recipient, suspects the existence ofthe message. EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 11. INCIDENCE OF CYBERTERRORISM CHENNAI Al Qaeda Terrorist used the Internet to plan the September11,3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, 2001 operations upon new York City and Washington D.C.148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. 20012001 They used a special internet chat software for communication. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, A nuclear power plant in Iran was attacked by the Stuxnet Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 worm. The worm installed itself in the plants PLC (Programming Logic Controller) 20102010 computer-controlled system and caused a change in the rotational speed of machinery. The increased speed without the usual automated shut-down controls caused the nuclear plant fusion center to spin EMAIL [email protected] and explode. WEBSITE www.altacit.com 12. ACTS OF CYBER TERRORISM IN INDIA CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave, In the case of 26/11 Mumbai attacks, terrorists used148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. cyber communication to aide the terrorists to carry on with the massacre. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Cyber communication was also used in July 2011COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,Jhaveri Bazaar Mumbai bomb blasts and 2010 # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 Varanasi blasts. EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 13. INDIA : FEW INITIATIVES CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, The Government of India has put in place some Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 mechanisms to counter the threat of cyber terrorism.BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9, Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road,In): a functional organization of the department of Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Information Technology with the objective ofCOIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue,securing Indian cyber space. # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 National Cyber Security Assurance Framework is established by the CERT-In for protection of Critical Information. The Information Technology Act, 2000 and IT EMAIL (Amendment) Act 2008. [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com 14. THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 AND IT ACT AMENDMENT 2008. Amendments under the Information Technology Act, CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. 2000 has defined the term Cyber terrorism U/Sec. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 66F (1).BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, Punishment for Cyber terrorism 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 Whoever commits or conspires to commit cyber terrorism shall beCOIMBATORE punishable with imprisonment which may extend toBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, imprisonment for life. (Section 66F (2)) Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 Section 69 gives power to the state to issue directions for interception or monitoring or decryption of any information through any computer source. Section 70 A and 70 B- Agency for critical EMAIL information and Indian Computer Emergency response [email protected] team (CERT-In) for incident response. WEBSITE www.altacit.com 15. CHENNAI3rd Floor, Creative Enclave,148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore,Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821BANGALORESuite 920, Level 9,Raheja Towers, THANK YOU 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400COIMBATOREBB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 6552921 EMAIL [email protected] WEBSITE www.altacit.com

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