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  • Newsletter of the West Rock Ridge Park Association Spring 2011


    Governor Dannel Malloy has named Daniel C.Esty as commissioner of the state’s newlyconsolidated Department of Energy andEnvironmental Protection (DEEP).

    The appointment and departmental change areboth expected to be approved by the GeneralAssembly.

    Esty is the Hillhouse Professor of EnvironmentalLaw and Policy at both the Yale Law School and theSchool of Forestry and Environmental Sciences. Inhis new role he will oversee merging the Dept. ofEnvironmental Protection and the Dept. of PublicUtility Control as part of Malloy’s effort tostreamline government and shrink the state budget.

    (continued on page 4)

    Summit Highlights

    Hikers Gene Sullivan and Lucia Bianchi invite youto join them Saturday, June 4, for a walk to the southend of the West Rock Ridge (see Coming Events,page 2).


    A Welcome, A Farewell, and a Beautiful Legacy

    We welcome Dan Esty to his new role ascommissioner of the state’s Department of Energyand Environmental Protection, and we look forwardto working with him. We are sure he will serve thestate and our parks well.

    We bid a sad farewell to Dr. Stephen Collins,who died October 7. In his role as professor, heensured that the next generation would value science,nature, bio-diversity, and the environment, and heinspired many students to pursue careers inenvironmental or science fields. In his role ascitizen-volunteer, Steve was one of the great forceswho helped ensure that Connecticut would have thiswilderness park; he was also a founder and vice-president of this Park Association. Steve, his wifeBarrie, and their colleagues are a wonderful exampleof Margaret Mead’s wise observation: “Never doubtthat a small group of thoughtful, committed peoplecan change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing thatever has.”

    West Rock Ridge State Park is one of Steve’smany beautiful legacies. As you will read in thefollowing pages, the Park is enjoyed by birds andbirders, rare butterflies and lepidopterists,schoolchildren and professors, bicyclists, runners,and walkers, and is a joyful venue for Earth Daycelebrations and energetic fundraisers to supportenvironmental organizations, Habitat for Humanityand LiveStrong. Join in some of these events, andenjoy the park on your own. And whenever youenjoy this beautiful park, think with gratitude ofSteve Collins and his fellow pioneers who createdthis park for Connecticut!

    – Ted (Theodore B.) Lynn, WRRPA President


    Sat. April 2: 9 a.m. New Haven Bird Club trip will focus on two breeding species at West Rock Ridge:Common Raven and Peregrine Falcon. Trip begins at western lowlands at cliff base in Woodbridge to observefemale incubating a clutch of eggs, then drives to ridge top to observe male raven soaring, bringing in foodand trading duties with the female. Afterwards, view resident falcon pair as they move toward egg-laying toobserve stooping for prey, preening, defending territory and nest preparation. Bring binoculars!

    Leader: Steve Broker (203-272-5192/747-6843).MEET: Lunar Dr., Woodbridge, south end of Konold’s Pond, off Bradley Rd (off Rt. 69).

    Sat. April 16: 8 a.m. New Haven Bird Club trip to see some early spring migrants such as Palm, Pineand Yellow-rumped Warblers, Ruby-crowned Kinglets and Eastern Phoebes. The walk will be oriented tobeginning birders. Leader: Chris Loscalzo (203-389-6508; [email protected]).

    MEET: Lake Wintergreen parking lot at south end of Main St., Hamden

    April 5 – June 9: West Rock Rangers, a project based after-school program for grades 6-8.A program using West Rock trails. www.commongroundct.org or 203-389-4333 x 1213.

    Sat. April 30: 10 a.m. CT Butterfly Association field trip to West Rock to look for early butterfliessuch as the rare Falcate Orange-tip, Brown Elfin and Juniper Hairstreak. Mostly relatively easy walk up an oldroadway but there may be some trail hiking, which is generally flat but rocky. Leader: Larry Gall, YalePeabody Museum of Natural History (203-454-4612).

    MEET: West Rock Ridge State Park entrance, park across street at West Rock Nature Center lot onWintergreen Ave., New Haven-Hamden line, just south of Wilbur Cross overpass.

    Sat. April 30: all day Rock to Rock Earth Day Bicycle Ride (see story on page 3)

    Sat. May 21: 10a.m.-3 p.m. Annual Organic Seedling Sale and Farm Festival at Common GroundHigh School. A variety of healthy seedlings for your garden, inc. heirloom and hybrid varieties. Priced $1-4.Also tractor rides, music, face painting, ice cream making, games and live sheep shearing. Free admission.Location: 385 Springside Avenue, New Haven (adjoining park). www.commongroundct.org.

    Sat. June 4: 1:30 p.m. Join the Bethany Wanderers for easy road walk to summit of West Rock RidgeState Park to see historic Judges Cave, and enjoy the best view in southern CT from summit parking lot.Descend by woodland trail. Leader; Lucia Bianchi (203-389-2398).

    MEET: West Rock Nature Center pkg lot, Wintergreen Ave, Hamden-New Haven line.

    Sat. July 2: 10 am-noon (be prompt!) CT Butterfly Association and Regional Water Authority-sponsored trip to Lake Chamberlain (usually open only to permit holders). Leisurely stroll through openfields and forest edges, looking for seasonal butterflies and who knows what else.

    MEET: Lake Chamberlain recreation area parking lot, just south of intersection of Sperry Rd. and MorrisRd, Woodbridge (off Rt. 69).

    Sun., Aug. 21: Third Annual West Rock Challenge: Walk/Run fundraiser for Sleeping Giant Build. Information and registration: www.sleepinggiantbuild.org. See Park Update, page 4.

    Sun., Sept. 11: Rock the Ridge Ride: Bike-race fundraiser for the Lance Armstrong Foundation. (LiveStrong) See Park Update, page 4. Information and registration: http://fairfieldwestchesterlivestrong.weebly.com/911---rock-the-ridge-mtb-race--ride.html



  • Rock to Rock is a day-long celebration of Earth Day and of New Haven’s rich environmental and culturalresources. Cyclists will travel from West Rock to East Rock, with celebrations on both sides of the city. Alongthe way eat tasty food, hear great music, take on environmental service projects, explore Edgewood and BeaverPonds Parks, and ride a portion of the Farmington Canal Trail and official city bike lanes.

    Hard core riders can take detours to the summits of the two rocks or a longer route that connects West Rock,Sleeping Giant and East Rock.

    You can ride as an individual or create your own team. You can also help raise funds for one or more of 13environmental organizations: including Solar Youth, New Haven Land Trust, Urban Resources Initiative, CommonGround High School, New Haven Parks Dept., CT Fund for the Environment and others. To register, go to:www.firstgiving.com/register.php.

    The route officially begins at Common Ground, 358 Springside Ave., New Haven at the base of West RockRidge State Park and finishes at College Woods at East Rock Park. The eight-mile route was plotted with all agesand abilities in mind. It is flat, safe and fun and makes use of many of the city’s best cycling resources. Asuggested short route starts at Common Ground and goes only to Edgewood Park or Beaver Pond Park and returnsto the starting point.

    Two years ago there were 250 riders and they raised $10,000. Last year there were 350 riders and $20,000 wasraised. This year the hope is that 500 riders will participate and raise $40,000. Advance adult registration is $25,or $30 on the day of the event. Youths 18 and under can register for $15. For info: www.rocktorock.org.

    9:00-10:30 - Registration, breakfast, and entertainment at Common Ground High School. 358 SpringsideAvenue, New Haven. Eat a tasty farm breakfast, hear live music, and pick up your fancy t-shirt before hitting the road. Day-ofregistration will be available at Common Ground, but advanced registration is highly encouraged (and discounted!).

    9:45 - Optional West Rock Summit Ride. Head up the park road to look out over all of New Haven!

    10:45 - Official Ride Kick-off: 8 Mile Route. We ride at a leisurely pace across the city, kept safe by New Havenpolice along the way.

    11:15 - Edgewood Park Rest Stop & Activities. Travel through the park to the ranger station, where we'll begreeted with a light snack, plenty of water, and a chance todecorate your bicycle!

    12:30 - Beaver Pond Park Rest Stop & Activities.Check out one of the city's hidden parks while taking a short reststop. Help us plant some trees and keep this park beautiful!

    10:30 - Official Ride Kick-off: 25 Mile Route.Riders set off with ride guides on their way to SleepingGiant, and then on to East Rock. This ride does not have apolice escort, but will be supported by ride guides and asupport vehicle.

    12:00 - Sleeping Giant Rest Stop & Activities. Stop by beautiful Sleeping Giant Park, welcomed by theSleeping Giant Park Association.

    12:30 - Departing Sleeping Giant for EastRock. Travel by city streets to East Rock State Park.

    1:30 - Arrival at East Rock Park, CELEBRATION and Lunch. You made it! Check out the TrowbridgeEnvironmental Center, celebrate our top fundraisers and award winners, check out a mini "green expo" of local environmentalorganizations, and listen to more great music from CT Folk. Lunch will be available for sale from great vendors!

    2:00 - Optional East Rock Summit Group Ride.A closed, paved park road to one of the best views in the city!

    3:00 - Optional Group Ride back to Westville.



  • Park UpdateBy Lori Lindquist, Administrator, West Rock Ridge State Park

    Well, we made it through another winter. This one was tough, with the snowmeasured in feet instead of inches. It seemed like we were spending all our timeplowing, and as soon as we finished all the outlying areas it would snow again, and wewould have to start over again. I’m glad that spring is finally here.

    All of the fields scheduled to be mowed this year were mowed. Some of theculverts were cleared, but more still needs to be done. We installed a new culvert onthe Red Trail and cleared the drainage ditches leading to it. We also cleared downedtrees up on Baldwin Drive.

    In the fall at the request of a neighbor, we installed a street light at the West Rock Ridge park entrance. The neighbor was concerned with people loitering near there late at night, and illegal activity happeningthere. This seems to have curtailed the illegal activity that may have been taking place.

    Several groups are interested in using West Rock for fundraising events this year. (See Coming Eventson page 2). On Sunday, August 21, Habitat for Humanity is looking to hold its Third Annual West RockChallenge. This is a 5k or 15k walk/run at West Rock and Lake Wintergreen that was very successful lastyear with over 100 participants.

    Registration has started for the Rock the Ridge Ride Sunday September 11, a bike race fundraiser forthe Lance Armstrong Foundation (“Live Strong”) in honor of 28 million people worldwide living withcancer, and in memory of those who lost their lives to the disease.

    Hamden Public Schools have applied for a collectors’ permit, to collect wood frog eggs for educationalpurposes, and Common Ground School is applying for a special use permit to use West Rock for sunsethikes with school group campers.

    Please keep your dog on a leash, be safe, and enjoy the Park.DEP Dispatch (24/7): 860-424-3333 State Nextel: 860-209-3467 Unit Hdqtrs: 203-789-7498

    New DEP-Energy Commissioner: Daniel C. Esty (continued from page 1)“Existing energy policy has been scattered across a variety of different

    departments and agencies,” Esty said. “It’s an opportunity now to have that allbrought into a single framework.” He said he will emphasize cooperation withbusiness as a means to create a greener state. In the past his consulting firm, EstyEnvironmental Partners, has worked with various international corporations tohelp them implement better, greener business practices.

    He formerly served as deputy chief of staff in the Environmental ProtectionAgency during the George Bush administration and has advised PresidentBarrack Obama on environmental policy.

    Esty’s appointment has received enthusiastic endorsement fromenvironmental advocates. Don Strait, executive director of the CT Fund for theEnvironment, called the choice “outstanding” and praised Esty for “cutting edge”thinking and a wealth of knowledge and experience.


  • In Memoriam: Dr. Stephen Collins, Ecologist

    One upon a time there were two rocks. One was made of stone, one of flesh. The one of flesh savedthe stronger one. How may you ask? By being stubborn, wise, persistent and oblivious to the challengeshe was facing.

    One rock was called West Rock. The other was called Steve. One lives on in plain sight, the other liveson in our thoughts, memories and prayers. He died Oct. 7 at his home in Bethany.

    Steve’s house faced the west side of West Rock Ridge. Mine is on the east side. We had West RockRidge surrounded. Now we had to protect it. Steve started first. I soon joined. The “good” doctor and the“bad” doctor, as we were called for our partisan advocacy to create and save a state park. (You can guesswhich one was the good doctor and which the bad.)

    It took three years for the successful legislative push (after years of organizing residents in the fourtowns that share the ridge). The final year was a unanimous override of Governor Ella Grasso’s veto – andthe park name and boundary were a reality! There followed many years of lobbying for money to acquirethe land. We now have the second largest state park in Connecticut.

    Steve was long active in the West Rock Ridge Park Association, helping both to found and to nurtureits growth and public awareness. He was vice chairman for 25 years of the West Rock Ridge State ParkAdvisory Council, the official body created by the state legislation to advise the CT Dept. of EnvironmentalProtection on acquisition and development of our park.

    Besides this he was professor of biological sciences at Southern CT State University, mentored manystudents, raised a family and always found time for West Rock Ridge

    And so, the little rock, Steve, helped protect the big rock, West. And now the big rock can rest in peace,and so can Steve.

    – William Doheny, DDS, Vice-Ch. of the WRRSP Advisory Council and former Pres. of the WRRPA

    Rocky Ramparts

    Hiker Joan Bettencourt ofBethany takes a close-uplook at the natural rock wallalong a section of BaldwinDrive on the summit of West Rock Ridge.




    By Cosimo Sgarlata

    ABSTRACT: Trap-rock ridges are an important geological component of the landscape ofConnecticut’s Central Lowlands. These ridges are rugged topographic features, typically possessing steepand tall west facing cliffs and more moderately sloping but rocky and uneven eastern faces. West Rock’srugged features apparently made it unattractive to archaeologists because until the current project noformal archaeological research had occurred at this important trap-rock ridge in south-central Connecticut. Subsequently, research at West Rock has demonstrated that a rich archaeological record is present. Notonly did the research add information concerning site types and settlement pattern in south-centralConnecticut, but it also demonstrated how Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges provide an important environmentfor learning about cultural adaptation during the Late Archaic Period (6,000 BP to 3,700 BP).


    This paper discusses the archaeologicalrecord of West Rock Ridge, in southern NewHaven County. West Rock is a topographicallyrugged upland environment in south-centralConnecticut and was the project area for mydissertation research as a PhD candidate at theGraduate Center of the City University of NewYork. This paper contributes to an archaeologicalas well as natural history understanding ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges by 1) reviewing thegeological history and ecological importance ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges, 2) contributingnew information concerning settlement patterns insouth-central Connecticut, 3) exploring importanttheoretical concerns that can potentially beaddressed through archaeological research in thestate’s trap-rock formations.

    Recently, a perceived lack of research inupland settings has led archaeologists to exert

    more time and effort gathering information fromthe “back country” areas, located away from thecoastlines, river valleys and lakeshores. Despite,the fact that particularly rugged upland featuresmore often than not, house the less prolific sites,or the “small lithic scatters”, research designedspecifically to look at the “marginal” highlands,mountains and other upland features has moreoften than not demonstrated how thoroughlyprehistoric cultures utilized all the differentaspects of their landscape. . . .

    Due to its rugged and very high relieftopography West Rock Ridge, a prominent trap-rock formation in southern New Haven County,had not been the subject of any documentedarchaeological research prior to the initiation ofthe present project by the author in June, 2001. West Rock is only one of several important trap-rock ridges existing in Connecticut’s CentralLowlands, and it is the intention of the current


  • project to add information concerning prehistoricadaptations in the state by shedding light on thetypes of activities that Connecticut’s prehistoriccultures carried out in these rugged uplandenvironments.

    Due to a dearth of previous archaeologicaldocumentation it was necessary to survey andlocate sites in order to obtain an appropriatesample so that prehistoric usage of West Rockcould be analyzed. All 13 of the sites described inthis paper were initially discovered and excavatedby the author over the past four summers (2002 to2005) except for the West Rock Ridge site thatwas originally identified by Simon Donato (2003)and the West Rock Nature Center site excavatedby Nancy Parsons and Mike Rodgers (2005).

    The goals of the archaeological research weretwofold. First, it was necessary to gatherinformation concerning prehistoric settlementpattern from West Rock. Settlement pattern refersto all of the site types occupied by a prehistoricculture as well as information concerning theirenvironmental contexts. Since Willey’s (1953)ground breaking research, archaeologists havebeen aware that a given settlement pattern utilizedby a prehistoric culture can convey informationconcerning aspects of that culture’s life waysincluding their subsistence strategy, mobilitypattern and socio-political organization. . . . Settlement pattern analysis at West Rock led toidentification of four general site types:1).quarrying or lithic procurement sites,2).temporary or seasonal campsites along uplandstreams, 3) lookout, or information gatheringsites, 4) intercept hunting sites.

    Second, research at West Rock indicates thatConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges may hold importantclues about cultural adaptation during the LateArchaic Period. This is because West Rock wasonly part of the overall territory that south-centralConnecticut’s prehistoric cultures would haveutilized. Usage of West Rock needs to beconsidered in relation to adjacent lowlands thatwould have provided more suitable locations forlarge habitation sites such as the Burwell-Karako

    site (Lavin and Russell: 1985) located just to thesoutheast and near the mouth of Quinnipiac River. However, it will be argued that as populationincreased during the Late Archaic, West Rockbecame important because mobile foragers neededto more efficiently exploit all of themicroenvironments within their local territories.



    Trap-rock ridges are rugged features, withinthe Central Lowlands physiographic province ofConnecticut and southern Massachusetts (Lee,1985: 10). For the most part, Connecticut’sCentral Lowlands can be characterized as havingonly slight to moderate topographic relief, andpossessing broad expanses of unusually level andwell-drained soils that constitute the richestfarmlands in the state. In sharp contrast, the trap-rock ridges rise precipitously from the gentlelowland valleys, having characteristically tall andsteep western cliff faces of jointed columnarbasalt, which glow in hues of bright orange andred in the afternoon sun. The eastern faces of thetrap-rock ridges are typically more gently slopedat an angle of approximately 25°. Thesecharacteristics, which define the unique form ofmost of Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges owe theirexistence to Connecticut’s fascinating geologicalhistory that witnessed the collision of the NorthAmerican and African continental plates as wellas the subsequent formation of long, deep riftvalleys when these same tectonic plates reverseddirection and began to spread apart from eachother once again (Bell, 1985).

    Trap-rock ridges occur in Connecticut’sCentral Valley in two major belts. The majorcentral ridge, called the Metacomet Ridge, isalmost continuous extending for over 100 milesfrom Branford on Connecticut’s southerncoastline northward to the Holyoke Range acrossthe border in Massachusetts. The western ridgesystem is more discontinuous and consists ofWest Rock, East Rock, the Sleeping Giant, theHanging Hills and the Barndoor Hills. Of the


  • ridges in the western system West Rock is thelongest extending for a distance of approximately15 miles from the point where it breaks ground inthe Westville section of New Haven andnorthward to Southington (Lee; Wetherell, 1992).

    Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges have long beennoted for their geological and ecologicalsignificance. While many of the specific detailshave yet to be worked out the basic events ofConnecticut’s geological past are fairly wellunderstood (Bell: 1985). The following is a briefdescription of those events focusing on thegeological history of the state’s trap-rock ridges.

    Three hundred million years ago Connecticutwas caught in the middle of a collision betweenthe North American Continental Plate and theAfrican Continental Plate. When this collisionoccurred, the bedrock became folded andcompressed, undergoing a process ofmetamorphism to form highly erosion resistantbedrock types such as schist and gneiss. A greatmountain chain similar to today’s Himalayasprobably existed as a result of uplifting due to thegreat continental collision. Since then, thesemountains have eroded away, leaving only thehighly metamorphosed bedrock that formed theirroots. It is this tremendously folded and erosionresistant bedrock which underlies Connecticut’sEastern and Western Highlands and is responsiblefor the hilly and rolling topography present ineastern and western Connecticut today (Bell; Lee).

    About 200 to 250 million years ago thecontinental plates reversed direction and started toseparate once again. When this happened, theupper crust between the diverging plates becamestretched and great rift valleys opened up, leavinga system of depressions and troughs extendingfrom present day Florida to Newfoundland (Lee:13-14). One of these rift valleys occurred inpresent day central Connecticut. The landplunged downward as much as two miles alongthe eastern border fault.

    Subsequently, two processes have acted to fillthis depression. First, water carried sedimentsfrom the Eastern and Western Highlands, which

    accumulated in the trough. After millions of yearsthese sediments lithified, forming the erosionsusceptible brownstone bedrock that underlies thebroad expanses of level and well drained soilsfound in Connecticut’s Central Lowlands today. Second, magma flowed up from deep beneath theearth’s surface and, at least three times, spread outover Connecticut’s Central Valley, later hardeningto form the basalt, or trap-rock, of the state’sridges. Eventually, the brownstone and themagma came to alternate like a stack of pancakesone on top of the other because after magmahardened on the surface it became covered againby brownstone, which in turn was covered by yetanother magma flow and so on (Bell).

    One last piece of the puzzle remains beforeone can understand the characteristic form ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges today. Because theeastern border fault slipped downward to a muchgreater extent than the western border fault, all ofthese horizontal layers tilted upward and to thewest at an angle of about 25°. The tilted bedrocklater broke into several massive blocks and,eventually, when the overlying erosion susceptiblebrownstone eroded away, the western edges of themassive erosion resistant basalt plates (sometimes300 feet thick) became exposed forming the manytrap-rock ridges visible in the state today.

    These events explain the form of most ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges (described above)with their steep western cliff faces and their moremoderately sloped eastern faces (Lee; Bell).

    West Rock is an intrusive igneous rock,meaning that the flow which formed it neverbroke through to become exposed on the surfaceof the ground. Instead it forced its way betweenlayers of brownstone bedrock and hardened belowthe ground. However, because its flow wasessentially horizontal to the ground surface it stillpossesses the features characteristic of theextrusive (hardening above-ground) igneous trap-rock ridges such as having a steep western cliffface and a gently sloping (25°) eastern face.



    Our understanding of the environmentalcontext of sites researched in the project at WestRock requires an appreciation of the ecologicalcomplexity present in the state’s trap-rock ridges. Dowan and Craig (1976) identified trap-rockridges as a critical habitat for rare and endangeredspecies within the state. Among rare andendangered species found at West Rock arecopperhead snakes and Peregrine falcons. . . .

    Lee (1985) explained that Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges support a variety of species due to theexistence of unique microhabitats not foundelsewhere in the state. On the one hand, theexposed western cliff face will absorb sunlightcreating warmer and drier than usual habitatsalong the ridge tops where species adapted tomore southerly environments can be found. Onthe other hand, air trapped between large bouldersof talus at the bottoms of the cliffs becomescooled because the talus above reflects thesunlight back into space, and this cooled air is feddown slope by convection toward the adjacentforests encroaching the bottoms of the trap-rockridges, where it helps to create cool and moistenvironments that allow for habitation of morenortherly species not found elsewhere in the state.

    Lee further described the fact that tremendousvariety in terms of vegetation exists as one crossesfrom one side of a trap-rock ridge to the other. Mixed hardwood/hemlock forests can be foundalong the bottom of the ridge's western cliff face,wizened red cedars along with blueberries andhuckleberries at the ridge tops, oak/hickory forestsfurther down the gentle eastern slope and a richmixed hardwood/hemlock forest along withwetland species at the bottom of the easternportion of the ridge.

    EDITOR’S NOTE: We thank Dr. Sgarlata for givingus permission to use his article. We regret we had to makesome small cuts for space reasons. The second part willappear in the fall issue.

    Clifftop View

    Steep cliffs are the most distinctive feature of thewest side of the wooded ridge. The scene looksnorthwest toward far hills in Woodbridge andBethany, two of the four towns in which WestRock Ridge State Park is located.


  • WEST ROCK RIDGE PARK ASSOCIATIONAddress: 648 Mountain Road, Hamden, CT 06514

    [email protected] of Directors

    Stephen Broker, New HavenAnn Christmann, WoodbridgeBarrie Collins, BethanyWilliam Doheny, HamdenTheodore B. Lynn, HamdenSteven Massey, BethanyDonald Menzies, WoodbridgePolly Schulz, WoodbridgeJoanne Sciulli, New HavenNancy Specht, HamdenMichael Walter, WoodbridgeCharles Walters, Hamden

    Executive Board & CommitteesPresident: Theodore B. LynnSecretary: (Vacant)Treasurer: Joanne SciulliMembership: Ann ChristmannProgram: Nancy SpechtTrails: Charles WaltersNewsletter: Barrie Collins and Amy Lynn



    We warmly welcome the following new member tothe West Rock Ridge Park Association:

    Bel Forte, Hamden


    Send your name and address along with your dues tothe membership chairperson: Ann Christmann, 10 Clark Rd., Woodbridge, CT 06525

    Annual dues: $10, Supporting: $20, Life: $100.Make checks payable to: West Rock Ridge ParkAssociation.

    Please include your interests: Programs, Trail Work, Newsletter,Legislative/Political Action, Membership.

    We welcome volunteers! Your membership helps improve the park!

    Photo Credits: 1,5,9, Barrie T. Collins; 6, Stephen Collins

    WEST ROCK RIDGE PARK ASSOCIATION648 Mountain RoadHamden, CT 06514

of 10/10
Newsletter of the West Rock Ridge Park Association Spring 2011 DANIEL C. ESTY NAMED NEW DEP-ENERGY HEAD Governor Dannel Malloy has named Daniel C. Esty as commissioner of the state’s newly consolidated Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP). The appointment and departmental change are both expected to be approved by the General Assembly. Esty is the Hillhouse Professor of Environmental Law and Policy at both the Yale Law School and the School of Forestry and Environmental Sciences. In his new role he will oversee merging the Dept. of Environmental Protection and the Dept. of Public Utility Control as part of Malloy’s effort to streamline government and shrink the state budget. (continued on page 4) Summit Highlights Hikers Gene Sullivan and Lucia Bianchi invite you to join them Saturday, June 4, for a walk to the south end of the West Rock Ridge (see Coming Events, page 2). FROM THE PRESIDENT : A Welcome, A Farewell, and a Beautiful Legacy We welcome Dan Esty to his new role as commissioner of the state’s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, and we look forward to working with him. We are sure he will serve the state and our parks well. We bid a sad farewell to Dr. Stephen Collins, who died October 7. In his role as professor, he ensured that the next generation would value science, nature, bio-diversity, and the environment, and he inspired many students to pursue careers in environmental or science fields. In his role as citizen-volunteer, Steve was one of the great forces who helped ensure that Connecticut would have this wilderness park; he was also a founder and vice- president of this Park Association. Steve, his wife Barrie, and their colleagues are a wonderful example of Margaret Mead’s wise observation: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” West Rock Ridge State Park is one of Steve’s many beautiful legacies. As you will read in the following pages, the Park is enjoyed by birds and birders, rare butterflies and lepidopterists, schoolchildren and professors, bicyclists, runners, and walkers, and is a joyful venue for Earth Day celebrations and energetic fundraisers to support environmental organizations, Habitat for Humanity and LiveStrong. Join in some of these events, and enjoy the park on your own. And whenever you enjoy this beautiful park, think with gratitude of Steve Collins and his fellow pioneers who created this park for Connecticut! Ted (Theodore B.) Lynn, WRRPA President
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