Newsletter of the West Rock Ridge Park Association Spring
DANIEL C. ESTY NAMEDNEW DEP-ENERGY HEAD
Governor Dannel Malloy has named Daniel C.Esty as commissioner
of the state’s newlyconsolidated Department of Energy
andEnvironmental Protection (DEEP).
The appointment and departmental change areboth expected to be
approved by the GeneralAssembly.
Esty is the Hillhouse Professor of EnvironmentalLaw and Policy
at both the Yale Law School and theSchool of Forestry and
Environmental Sciences. Inhis new role he will oversee merging the
Dept. ofEnvironmental Protection and the Dept. of PublicUtility
Control as part of Malloy’s effort tostreamline government and
shrink the state budget.
(continued on page 4)
Hikers Gene Sullivan and Lucia Bianchi invite youto join them
Saturday, June 4, for a walk to the southend of the West Rock Ridge
(see Coming Events,page 2).
FROM THE PRESIDENT :
A Welcome, A Farewell, and a Beautiful Legacy
We welcome Dan Esty to his new role ascommissioner of the
state’s Department of Energyand Environmental Protection, and we
look forwardto working with him. We are sure he will serve thestate
and our parks well.
We bid a sad farewell to Dr. Stephen Collins,who died October 7.
In his role as professor, heensured that the next generation would
value science,nature, bio-diversity, and the environment, and
heinspired many students to pursue careers inenvironmental or
science fields. In his role ascitizen-volunteer, Steve was one of
the great forceswho helped ensure that Connecticut would have
thiswilderness park; he was also a founder and vice-president of
this Park Association. Steve, his wifeBarrie, and their colleagues
are a wonderful exampleof Margaret Mead’s wise observation: “Never
doubtthat a small group of thoughtful, committed peoplecan change
the world. Indeed, it is the only thing thatever has.”
West Rock Ridge State Park is one of Steve’smany beautiful
legacies. As you will read in thefollowing pages, the Park is
enjoyed by birds andbirders, rare butterflies and
lepidopterists,schoolchildren and professors, bicyclists,
runners,and walkers, and is a joyful venue for Earth
Daycelebrations and energetic fundraisers to supportenvironmental
organizations, Habitat for Humanityand LiveStrong. Join in some of
these events, andenjoy the park on your own. And whenever youenjoy
this beautiful park, think with gratitude ofSteve Collins and his
fellow pioneers who createdthis park for Connecticut!
– Ted (Theodore B.) Lynn, WRRPA President
COMING EVENTS –MARK YOUR CALENDAR!
Sat. April 2: 9 a.m. New Haven Bird Club trip will focus on two
breeding species at West Rock Ridge:Common Raven and Peregrine
Falcon. Trip begins at western lowlands at cliff base in Woodbridge
to observefemale incubating a clutch of eggs, then drives to ridge
top to observe male raven soaring, bringing in foodand trading
duties with the female. Afterwards, view resident falcon pair as
they move toward egg-laying toobserve stooping for prey, preening,
defending territory and nest preparation. Bring binoculars!
Leader: Steve Broker (203-272-5192/747-6843).MEET: Lunar Dr.,
Woodbridge, south end of Konold’s Pond, off Bradley Rd (off Rt.
Sat. April 16: 8 a.m. New Haven Bird Club trip to see some early
spring migrants such as Palm, Pineand Yellow-rumped Warblers,
Ruby-crowned Kinglets and Eastern Phoebes. The walk will be
oriented tobeginning birders. Leader: Chris Loscalzo (203-389-6508;
MEET: Lake Wintergreen parking lot at south end of Main St.,
April 5 – June 9: West Rock Rangers, a project based
after-school program for grades 6-8.A program using West Rock
trails. www.commongroundct.org or 203-389-4333 x 1213.
Sat. April 30: 10 a.m. CT Butterfly Association field trip to
West Rock to look for early butterfliessuch as the rare Falcate
Orange-tip, Brown Elfin and Juniper Hairstreak. Mostly relatively
easy walk up an oldroadway but there may be some trail hiking,
which is generally flat but rocky. Leader: Larry Gall, YalePeabody
Museum of Natural History (203-454-4612).
MEET: West Rock Ridge State Park entrance, park across street at
West Rock Nature Center lot onWintergreen Ave., New Haven-Hamden
line, just south of Wilbur Cross overpass.
Sat. April 30: all day Rock to Rock Earth Day Bicycle Ride (see
story on page 3)
Sat. May 21: 10a.m.-3 p.m. Annual Organic Seedling Sale and Farm
Festival at Common GroundHigh School. A variety of healthy
seedlings for your garden, inc. heirloom and hybrid varieties.
Priced $1-4.Also tractor rides, music, face painting, ice cream
making, games and live sheep shearing. Free admission.Location: 385
Springside Avenue, New Haven (adjoining park).
Sat. June 4: 1:30 p.m. Join the Bethany Wanderers for easy road
walk to summit of West Rock RidgeState Park to see historic Judges
Cave, and enjoy the best view in southern CT from summit parking
lot.Descend by woodland trail. Leader; Lucia Bianchi
MEET: West Rock Nature Center pkg lot, Wintergreen Ave,
Hamden-New Haven line.
Sat. July 2: 10 am-noon (be prompt!) CT Butterfly Association
and Regional Water Authority-sponsored trip to Lake Chamberlain
(usually open only to permit holders). Leisurely stroll through
openfields and forest edges, looking for seasonal butterflies and
who knows what else.
MEET: Lake Chamberlain recreation area parking lot, just south
of intersection of Sperry Rd. and MorrisRd, Woodbridge (off Rt.
Sun., Aug. 21: Third Annual West Rock Challenge: Walk/Run
fundraiser for Sleeping Giant Build. Information and registration:
www.sleepinggiantbuild.org. See Park Update, page 4.
Sun., Sept. 11: Rock the Ridge Ride: Bike-race fundraiser for
the Lance Armstrong Foundation. (LiveStrong) See Park Update, page
4. Information and registration:
Rock to Rock is a day-long celebration of Earth Day and of New
Haven’s rich environmental and culturalresources. Cyclists will
travel from West Rock to East Rock, with celebrations on both sides
of the city. Alongthe way eat tasty food, hear great music, take on
environmental service projects, explore Edgewood and BeaverPonds
Parks, and ride a portion of the Farmington Canal Trail and
official city bike lanes.
Hard core riders can take detours to the summits of the two
rocks or a longer route that connects West Rock,Sleeping Giant and
You can ride as an individual or create your own team. You can
also help raise funds for one or more of 13environmental
organizations: including Solar Youth, New Haven Land Trust, Urban
Resources Initiative, CommonGround High School, New Haven Parks
Dept., CT Fund for the Environment and others. To register, go
The route officially begins at Common Ground, 358 Springside
Ave., New Haven at the base of West RockRidge State Park and
finishes at College Woods at East Rock Park. The eight-mile route
was plotted with all agesand abilities in mind. It is flat, safe
and fun and makes use of many of the city’s best cycling resources.
Asuggested short route starts at Common Ground and goes only to
Edgewood Park or Beaver Pond Park and returnsto the starting
Two years ago there were 250 riders and they raised $10,000.
Last year there were 350 riders and $20,000 wasraised. This year
the hope is that 500 riders will participate and raise $40,000.
Advance adult registration is $25,or $30 on the day of the event.
Youths 18 and under can register for $15. For info:
9:00-10:30 - Registration, breakfast, and entertainment at
Common Ground High School. 358 SpringsideAvenue, New Haven. Eat a
tasty farm breakfast, hear live music, and pick up your fancy
t-shirt before hitting the road. Day-ofregistration will be
available at Common Ground, but advanced registration is highly
encouraged (and discounted!).
9:45 - Optional West Rock Summit Ride. Head up the park road to
look out over all of New Haven!
10:45 - Official Ride Kick-off: 8 Mile Route. We ride at a
leisurely pace across the city, kept safe by New Havenpolice along
11:15 - Edgewood Park Rest Stop & Activities. Travel through
the park to the ranger station, where we'll begreeted with a light
snack, plenty of water, and a chance todecorate your bicycle!
12:30 - Beaver Pond Park Rest Stop & Activities.Check out
one of the city's hidden parks while taking a short reststop. Help
us plant some trees and keep this park beautiful!
10:30 - Official Ride Kick-off: 25 Mile Route.Riders set off
with ride guides on their way to SleepingGiant, and then on to East
Rock. This ride does not have apolice escort, but will be supported
by ride guides and asupport vehicle.
12:00 - Sleeping Giant Rest Stop & Activities. Stop by
beautiful Sleeping Giant Park, welcomed by theSleeping Giant Park
12:30 - Departing Sleeping Giant for EastRock. Travel by city
streets to East Rock State Park.
1:30 - Arrival at East Rock Park, CELEBRATION and Lunch. You
made it! Check out the TrowbridgeEnvironmental Center, celebrate
our top fundraisers and award winners, check out a mini "green
expo" of local environmentalorganizations, and listen to more great
music from CT Folk. Lunch will be available for sale from great
2:00 - Optional East Rock Summit Group Ride.A closed, paved park
road to one of the best views in the city!
3:00 - Optional Group Ride back to Westville.
Park UpdateBy Lori Lindquist, Administrator, West Rock Ridge
Well, we made it through another winter. This one was tough,
with the snowmeasured in feet instead of inches. It seemed like we
were spending all our timeplowing, and as soon as we finished all
the outlying areas it would snow again, and wewould have to start
over again. I’m glad that spring is finally here.
All of the fields scheduled to be mowed this year were mowed.
Some of theculverts were cleared, but more still needs to be done.
We installed a new culvert onthe Red Trail and cleared the drainage
ditches leading to it. We also cleared downedtrees up on Baldwin
In the fall at the request of a neighbor, we installed a street
light at the West Rock Ridge park entrance. The neighbor was
concerned with people loitering near there late at night, and
illegal activity happeningthere. This seems to have curtailed the
illegal activity that may have been taking place.
Several groups are interested in using West Rock for fundraising
events this year. (See Coming Eventson page 2). On Sunday, August
21, Habitat for Humanity is looking to hold its Third Annual West
RockChallenge. This is a 5k or 15k walk/run at West Rock and Lake
Wintergreen that was very successful lastyear with over 100
Registration has started for the Rock the Ridge Ride Sunday
September 11, a bike race fundraiser forthe Lance Armstrong
Foundation (“Live Strong”) in honor of 28 million people worldwide
living withcancer, and in memory of those who lost their lives to
Hamden Public Schools have applied for a collectors’ permit, to
collect wood frog eggs for educationalpurposes, and Common Ground
School is applying for a special use permit to use West Rock for
sunsethikes with school group campers.
Please keep your dog on a leash, be safe, and enjoy the Park.DEP
Dispatch (24/7): 860-424-3333 State Nextel: 860-209-3467 Unit
New DEP-Energy Commissioner: Daniel C. Esty (continued from page
1)“Existing energy policy has been scattered across a variety of
departments and agencies,” Esty said. “It’s an opportunity now
to have that allbrought into a single framework.” He said he will
emphasize cooperation withbusiness as a means to create a greener
state. In the past his consulting firm, EstyEnvironmental Partners,
has worked with various international corporations tohelp them
implement better, greener business practices.
He formerly served as deputy chief of staff in the Environmental
ProtectionAgency during the George Bush administration and has
advised PresidentBarrack Obama on environmental policy.
Esty’s appointment has received enthusiastic endorsement
fromenvironmental advocates. Don Strait, executive director of the
CT Fund for theEnvironment, called the choice “outstanding” and
praised Esty for “cutting edge”thinking and a wealth of knowledge
In Memoriam: Dr. Stephen Collins, Ecologist
One upon a time there were two rocks. One was made of stone, one
of flesh. The one of flesh savedthe stronger one. How may you ask?
By being stubborn, wise, persistent and oblivious to the
challengeshe was facing.
One rock was called West Rock. The other was called Steve. One
lives on in plain sight, the other liveson in our thoughts,
memories and prayers. He died Oct. 7 at his home in Bethany.
Steve’s house faced the west side of West Rock Ridge. Mine is on
the east side. We had West RockRidge surrounded. Now we had to
protect it. Steve started first. I soon joined. The “good” doctor
and the“bad” doctor, as we were called for our partisan advocacy to
create and save a state park. (You can guesswhich one was the good
doctor and which the bad.)
It took three years for the successful legislative push (after
years of organizing residents in the fourtowns that share the
ridge). The final year was a unanimous override of Governor Ella
Grasso’s veto – andthe park name and boundary were a reality! There
followed many years of lobbying for money to acquirethe land. We
now have the second largest state park in Connecticut.
Steve was long active in the West Rock Ridge Park Association,
helping both to found and to nurtureits growth and public
awareness. He was vice chairman for 25 years of the West Rock Ridge
State ParkAdvisory Council, the official body created by the state
legislation to advise the CT Dept. of EnvironmentalProtection on
acquisition and development of our park.
Besides this he was professor of biological sciences at Southern
CT State University, mentored manystudents, raised a family and
always found time for West Rock Ridge
And so, the little rock, Steve, helped protect the big rock,
West. And now the big rock can rest in peace,and so can Steve.
– William Doheny, DDS, Vice-Ch. of the WRRSP Advisory Council
and former Pres. of the WRRPA
Hiker Joan Bettencourt ofBethany takes a close-uplook at the
natural rock wallalong a section of BaldwinDrive on the summit of
West Rock Ridge.
THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF WEST ROCK:
THE IMPORTANCE OF TRAP-ROCK RIDGES IN CONNECTICUT PREHISTORY
By Cosimo Sgarlata
ABSTRACT: Trap-rock ridges are an important geological component
of the landscape ofConnecticut’s Central Lowlands. These ridges are
rugged topographic features, typically possessing steepand tall
west facing cliffs and more moderately sloping but rocky and uneven
eastern faces. West Rock’srugged features apparently made it
unattractive to archaeologists because until the current project
noformal archaeological research had occurred at this important
trap-rock ridge in south-central Connecticut. Subsequently,
research at West Rock has demonstrated that a rich archaeological
record is present. Notonly did the research add information
concerning site types and settlement pattern in
south-centralConnecticut, but it also demonstrated how
Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges provide an important environmentfor
learning about cultural adaptation during the Late Archaic Period
(6,000 BP to 3,700 BP).
This paper discusses the archaeologicalrecord of West Rock
Ridge, in southern NewHaven County. West Rock is a
topographicallyrugged upland environment in
south-centralConnecticut and was the project area for
mydissertation research as a PhD candidate at theGraduate Center of
the City University of NewYork. This paper contributes to an
archaeologicalas well as natural history understanding
ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges by 1) reviewing thegeological
history and ecological importance ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges,
2) contributingnew information concerning settlement patterns
insouth-central Connecticut, 3) exploring importanttheoretical
concerns that can potentially beaddressed through archaeological
research in thestate’s trap-rock formations.
Recently, a perceived lack of research inupland settings has led
archaeologists to exert
more time and effort gathering information fromthe “back
country” areas, located away from thecoastlines, river valleys and
lakeshores. Despite,the fact that particularly rugged upland
featuresmore often than not, house the less prolific sites,or the
“small lithic scatters”, research designedspecifically to look at
the “marginal” highlands,mountains and other upland features has
moreoften than not demonstrated how thoroughlyprehistoric cultures
utilized all the differentaspects of their landscape. . . .
Due to its rugged and very high relieftopography West Rock
Ridge, a prominent trap-rock formation in southern New Haven
County,had not been the subject of any documentedarchaeological
research prior to the initiation ofthe present project by the
author in June, 2001. West Rock is only one of several important
trap-rock ridges existing in Connecticut’s CentralLowlands, and it
is the intention of the current
project to add information concerning prehistoricadaptations in
the state by shedding light on thetypes of activities that
Connecticut’s prehistoriccultures carried out in these rugged
Due to a dearth of previous archaeologicaldocumentation it was
necessary to survey andlocate sites in order to obtain an
appropriatesample so that prehistoric usage of West Rockcould be
analyzed. All 13 of the sites described inthis paper were initially
discovered and excavatedby the author over the past four summers
(2002 to2005) except for the West Rock Ridge site thatwas
originally identified by Simon Donato (2003)and the West Rock
Nature Center site excavatedby Nancy Parsons and Mike Rodgers
The goals of the archaeological research weretwofold. First, it
was necessary to gatherinformation concerning prehistoric
settlementpattern from West Rock. Settlement pattern refersto all
of the site types occupied by a prehistoricculture as well as
information concerning theirenvironmental contexts. Since Willey’s
(1953)ground breaking research, archaeologists havebeen aware that
a given settlement pattern utilizedby a prehistoric culture can
convey informationconcerning aspects of that culture’s life
waysincluding their subsistence strategy, mobilitypattern and
socio-political organization. . . . Settlement pattern analysis at
West Rock led toidentification of four general site
types:1).quarrying or lithic procurement sites,2).temporary or
seasonal campsites along uplandstreams, 3) lookout, or information
gatheringsites, 4) intercept hunting sites.
Second, research at West Rock indicates thatConnecticut’s
trap-rock ridges may hold importantclues about cultural adaptation
during the LateArchaic Period. This is because West Rock wasonly
part of the overall territory that south-centralConnecticut’s
prehistoric cultures would haveutilized. Usage of West Rock needs
to beconsidered in relation to adjacent lowlands thatwould have
provided more suitable locations forlarge habitation sites such as
site (Lavin and Russell: 1985) located just to thesoutheast and
near the mouth of Quinnipiac River. However, it will be argued that
as populationincreased during the Late Archaic, West Rockbecame
important because mobile foragers neededto more efficiently exploit
all of themicroenvironments within their local territories.
TRAP-ROCK RIDGES AND THEGEOLOGICAL HISTORY OF
Trap-rock ridges are rugged features, withinthe Central Lowlands
physiographic province ofConnecticut and southern Massachusetts
(Lee,1985: 10). For the most part, Connecticut’sCentral Lowlands
can be characterized as havingonly slight to moderate topographic
relief, andpossessing broad expanses of unusually level
andwell-drained soils that constitute the richestfarmlands in the
state. In sharp contrast, the trap-rock ridges rise precipitously
from the gentlelowland valleys, having characteristically tall
andsteep western cliff faces of jointed columnarbasalt, which glow
in hues of bright orange andred in the afternoon sun. The eastern
faces of thetrap-rock ridges are typically more gently slopedat an
angle of approximately 25°. Thesecharacteristics, which define the
unique form ofmost of Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges owe
theirexistence to Connecticut’s fascinating geologicalhistory that
witnessed the collision of the NorthAmerican and African
continental plates as wellas the subsequent formation of long, deep
riftvalleys when these same tectonic plates reverseddirection and
began to spread apart from eachother once again (Bell, 1985).
Trap-rock ridges occur in Connecticut’sCentral Valley in two
major belts. The majorcentral ridge, called the Metacomet Ridge,
isalmost continuous extending for over 100 milesfrom Branford on
Connecticut’s southerncoastline northward to the Holyoke Range
acrossthe border in Massachusetts. The western ridgesystem is more
discontinuous and consists ofWest Rock, East Rock, the Sleeping
Giant, theHanging Hills and the Barndoor Hills. Of the
ridges in the western system West Rock is thelongest extending
for a distance of approximately15 miles from the point where it
breaks ground inthe Westville section of New Haven andnorthward to
Southington (Lee; Wetherell, 1992).
Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges have long beennoted for their
geological and ecologicalsignificance. While many of the specific
detailshave yet to be worked out the basic events ofConnecticut’s
geological past are fairly wellunderstood (Bell: 1985). The
following is a briefdescription of those events focusing on
thegeological history of the state’s trap-rock ridges.
Three hundred million years ago Connecticutwas caught in the
middle of a collision betweenthe North American Continental Plate
and theAfrican Continental Plate. When this collisionoccurred, the
bedrock became folded andcompressed, undergoing a process
ofmetamorphism to form highly erosion resistantbedrock types such
as schist and gneiss. A greatmountain chain similar to today’s
Himalayasprobably existed as a result of uplifting due to thegreat
continental collision. Since then, thesemountains have eroded away,
leaving only thehighly metamorphosed bedrock that formed
theirroots. It is this tremendously folded and erosionresistant
bedrock which underlies Connecticut’sEastern and Western Highlands
and is responsiblefor the hilly and rolling topography present
ineastern and western Connecticut today (Bell; Lee).
About 200 to 250 million years ago thecontinental plates
reversed direction and started toseparate once again. When this
happened, theupper crust between the diverging plates
becamestretched and great rift valleys opened up, leavinga system
of depressions and troughs extendingfrom present day Florida to
Newfoundland (Lee:13-14). One of these rift valleys occurred
inpresent day central Connecticut. The landplunged downward as much
as two miles alongthe eastern border fault.
Subsequently, two processes have acted to fillthis depression.
First, water carried sedimentsfrom the Eastern and Western
accumulated in the trough. After millions of yearsthese
sediments lithified, forming the erosionsusceptible brownstone
bedrock that underlies thebroad expanses of level and well drained
soilsfound in Connecticut’s Central Lowlands today. Second, magma
flowed up from deep beneath theearth’s surface and, at least three
times, spread outover Connecticut’s Central Valley, later
hardeningto form the basalt, or trap-rock, of the state’sridges.
Eventually, the brownstone and themagma came to alternate like a
stack of pancakesone on top of the other because after
magmahardened on the surface it became covered againby brownstone,
which in turn was covered by yetanother magma flow and so on
One last piece of the puzzle remains beforeone can understand
the characteristic form ofConnecticut’s trap-rock ridges today.
Because theeastern border fault slipped downward to a muchgreater
extent than the western border fault, all ofthese horizontal layers
tilted upward and to thewest at an angle of about 25°. The tilted
bedrocklater broke into several massive blocks and,eventually, when
the overlying erosion susceptiblebrownstone eroded away, the
western edges of themassive erosion resistant basalt plates
(sometimes300 feet thick) became exposed forming the manytrap-rock
ridges visible in the state today.
These events explain the form of most ofConnecticut’s trap-rock
ridges (described above)with their steep western cliff faces and
their moremoderately sloped eastern faces (Lee; Bell).
West Rock is an intrusive igneous rock,meaning that the flow
which formed it neverbroke through to become exposed on the
surfaceof the ground. Instead it forced its way betweenlayers of
brownstone bedrock and hardened belowthe ground. However, because
its flow wasessentially horizontal to the ground surface it
stillpossesses the features characteristic of theextrusive
(hardening above-ground) igneous trap-rock ridges such as having a
steep western cliffface and a gently sloping (25°) eastern
ECOLOGY OF CONNECTICUT’S TRAP-ROCK RIDGES
Our understanding of the environmentalcontext of sites
researched in the project at WestRock requires an appreciation of
the ecologicalcomplexity present in the state’s trap-rock ridges.
Dowan and Craig (1976) identified trap-rockridges as a critical
habitat for rare and endangeredspecies within the state. Among rare
andendangered species found at West Rock arecopperhead snakes and
Peregrine falcons. . . .
Lee (1985) explained that Connecticut’s trap-rock ridges support
a variety of species due to theexistence of unique microhabitats
not foundelsewhere in the state. On the one hand, theexposed
western cliff face will absorb sunlightcreating warmer and drier
than usual habitatsalong the ridge tops where species adapted
tomore southerly environments can be found. Onthe other hand, air
trapped between large bouldersof talus at the bottoms of the cliffs
becomescooled because the talus above reflects thesunlight back
into space, and this cooled air is feddown slope by convection
toward the adjacentforests encroaching the bottoms of the
trap-rockridges, where it helps to create cool and
moistenvironments that allow for habitation of morenortherly
species not found elsewhere in the state.
Lee further described the fact that tremendousvariety in terms
of vegetation exists as one crossesfrom one side of a trap-rock
ridge to the other. Mixed hardwood/hemlock forests can be
foundalong the bottom of the ridge's western cliff face,wizened red
cedars along with blueberries andhuckleberries at the ridge tops,
oak/hickory forestsfurther down the gentle eastern slope and a
richmixed hardwood/hemlock forest along withwetland species at the
bottom of the easternportion of the ridge.
EDITOR’S NOTE: We thank Dr. Sgarlata for givingus permission to
use his article. We regret we had to makesome small cuts for space
reasons. The second part willappear in the fall issue.
Steep cliffs are the most distinctive feature of thewest side of
the wooded ridge. The scene looksnorthwest toward far hills in
Woodbridge andBethany, two of the four towns in which WestRock
Ridge State Park is located.
WEST ROCK RIDGE PARK ASSOCIATIONAddress: 648 Mountain Road,
Hamden, CT 06514
[email protected] of Directors
Stephen Broker, New HavenAnn Christmann, WoodbridgeBarrie
Collins, BethanyWilliam Doheny, HamdenTheodore B. Lynn,
HamdenSteven Massey, BethanyDonald Menzies, WoodbridgePolly Schulz,
WoodbridgeJoanne Sciulli, New HavenNancy Specht, HamdenMichael
Walter, WoodbridgeCharles Walters, Hamden
Executive Board & CommitteesPresident: Theodore B.
LynnSecretary: (Vacant)Treasurer: Joanne SciulliMembership: Ann
ChristmannProgram: Nancy SpechtTrails: Charles WaltersNewsletter:
Barrie Collins and Amy Lynn
We warmly welcome the following new member tothe West Rock Ridge
Bel Forte, Hamden
HOW TO JOIN OR RENEW
Send your name and address along with your dues tothe membership
chairperson: Ann Christmann, 10 Clark Rd., Woodbridge, CT 06525
Annual dues: $10, Supporting: $20, Life: $100.Make checks
payable to: West Rock Ridge ParkAssociation.
Please include your interests: Programs, Trail Work,
Newsletter,Legislative/Political Action, Membership.
We welcome volunteers! Your membership helps improve the
Photo Credits: 1,5,9, Barrie T. Collins; 6, Stephen Collins
WEST ROCK RIDGE PARK ASSOCIATION648 Mountain RoadHamden, CT