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Digitized Collections 1790 ? 2000

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  • 1. Digitized Collections 1790 2000 Frank Wilmot Government Publications Library December 13, 2006

2. Can sticking gravel up your nose really cause idiocy? Assigned causes of idiocy 3.

  • History and Background:
  • New nation needed a census to
  • Apportion the House of Representatives

4.

  • History and Background:
  • New nation needed a census to
  • Figure out how much each state owed for the war

5.

  • History and Background:
  • Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution
    • Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportionedamong the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, whichshall be determined by adding to thewhole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons . The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, andwithin every subsequent term of ten years , in such manner as they shall by law direct.

6.

  • Census Bureau Progress
  • 1790 1870: U.S. marshalls and assistants
  • 1880 1900: Census Office within U.S. Dept. of Interior
  • 1902: Congress authorized the President to create a permanent Census Office

7.

  • Census Bureau Progress
  • 1903: Transferred to the new Dept. of Commerce and Labor
  • 1913: Dept. of Commerce and Labor split into two; Census went with Commerce

8. First Census 1790 9. First Census 1790 10. Subsequent Censuses Added in 1810 Manufactures 11. Subsequent Censuses Added in 1840 Agriculture Mining Fisheries 12. Subsequent Censuses Other social issued added in 1850 Taxes Churches 13. Subsequent Censuses Other social issued added in 1850 Pauperism Crime 14. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically 15. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically 16. Subsequent Censuses Spread geographically 1903 1907 17.

  • Subsequent Censuses
  • 1880 and 1890
    • Took almost a decade to compile and publish reports

18. 19. Subsequent Censuses 1880:22 Volumes, Compendium, etc. 1890:15 Volumes, some with multiple parts 1910:10 Volumes 20.

  • Subsequent Censuses
  • Dropped topics reappear in later censuses
    • Technology
    • Process data faster
    • Publish faster

21. Census Programs Population: 1790 to present 22. Census Programs Housing: 1940 to present 23. Census Programs Agriculture 24. Census Programs Manufactures & Mining 25. Census Programs Business 26. Census Programs Construction 27. Census Programs Governments 28. Census Programs 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62.

  • Indexes
  • Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972

63.

  • Indexes
  • Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972
    • Libraries.30, 33, 40, 45, 57, 1656

64.

  • Indexes
  • NINTH DECENNIAL CENSUS: 1870
    • 44
    • 45Vol. I.The statistics of the population of the United States, embracing the tables of race, nationality, sex, selected ages, and occupations.To which are added the statistics of school attendance and illiteracy, of schools,libraries , newspapers and periodicals, churches, pauperism and crime, and of areas, families, and dwellings xlix, 804p.
    • 46

65.

  • Digitized Collection
  • Census Bureau Website Publications
  • http://www.census.gov/prod/www/titles.html

66.

  • Indexes
  • Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972
  • Census Catalog and Guide (1946-1998 in print; 1995-1998 online; 1999 CD-ROM)
  • Catalog of Government Publications (1976-present online)

67.

  • Digitized Collection
  • Government Publications Library Census Guide

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