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Docker presentation | Paris Docker Meetup

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Docker presentation by Victor Vieux at the Paris Docker Meetup #1, hosted by Viadeo
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Docker Paris meetup #1 – 10/02/2013 Victor Vieux, dotCloud Inc. @vieux
Transcript
  • Docker Paris meetup #1 10/02/2013 Victor Vieux, dotCloud Inc. @vieux
  • Outline Intro to Docker Installing Docker Basic commands Demo: Simple deployment Questions
  • Quick survey How many people have heard of Docker before this Meetup ? How many people have tried Docker ? How many people are using Docker in production ?
  • Introduction to Docker
  • Origins of Docker Docker is a rewrite of similar code that currently powers the dotCloud PaaS Original version written in Python (like dotCloud PaaS), now written in Go Its a young project (~6 months), but with a huge community.
  • Docker Timeline January 2013 Docker started as an internal project inside of dotCloud March 21, 2013 Solomon gives Docker lightning talk a PyCon US March 27, 2013 Docker 0.1 released to Public September 4, 2013 Docker merged into Openstack for the Havana release September 19, 2013 Partnership with Red Hat around OpenShift September 27, 2013 Docker 0.6.3 released
  • In the first 6 months 6000+ Github stars 150+ Contributors 50,000+ docker index pull 100s of projects built on top of Docker UIs (DockerUI, Shipyard, Dockland) Open Source PaaS (DEIS, Flynn, Dokku) Continuous Deployment (Strider) 1700s Dockerized applications on Github
  • What is Docker ? Docker is an open-source engine to easily create lightweight, portable, self-sufficient containers from any application. The same container that a developer builds and test on a laptop can run at scale, in production, on VMs, OpenStack cluster, public clouds and more.
  • How does Docker work ? LinuX Containers (LXC) Control Groups & Namespaces AUFS Client Server with an HTTP API
  • LinuX Containers (LCX) Lets your run a Linux system within another Linux system A container is a group of processes on a Linux box, put together is an isolated environment From the inside, it looks like a VM From the outside, it looks like normal processes chroot on steroids
  • Why Containers? Speed: Boots in seconds Footprint: 100-1000 containers on one machine. Small disk requirements
  • Containers vs. VMs
  • Control Groups & Namespaces Linux kernel feature to limit, account and isolate resource usage, such as: CPU Memory Disk I/O
  • AUFS File system that implements union mount. Supports Copy On Write (COW): # mount t aufs o br=/files1:/files2 none /files # mount t aufs o br=/tmp=rw:/bin=ro none /files
  • Installing Docker
  • Requirements Linux Kernel 3.8 or above AUFS LXC 64-bit
  • Installations Ubuntu Linux Binaries Using Vagrant More on: http://docs.docker.io/en/latest/installation
  • Installation: Ubuntu Linux AUFS support $> sudo apt-get update $> sudo apt-get intall linux-image-extra-`uname r` Add Docker repository $> sudo sh c curl https://get.docker.io/gpg | apt-key add - $> sudo sh c echo deb http://get.docker.io/ubuntu docker main > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list Install $> sudo apt-get update $> sudo apt-get install lxc-docker
  • Installation: Binaries Get the docker binary $> wget output-document=docker https://get.docker.io/builds/ Linux/x86_64/docker-latest $> chmod +x docker Run the docker daemon $> sudo ./docker d & Use your own system startup script
  • Installation: Vagrant Clone the Docker repository $> git clone https://github.com/dotcloud/docker.git Startup the vagrant image $> vagrant up SSH into the image $> vagrant ssh Docker client works on Mac
  • Basic commands
  • Classic: hello world Get one base image (ubuntu, centos, busybox,) $> docker pull ubuntu List images on your system $> docker images Print hello world $> docker run ubuntu:12.10 echo hello world
  • Detached mode Run in Docker using the detach ag (-d) $> docker run d ubuntu sh c while true; do echo hello world; sleep 1; done Get containers id $> docker ps A:ach to the container $> docker attach Stop/Start/Restart the container $> docker stop
  • Containers vs Images Remove a file from an image $> docker run busybox rm /etc/passwd The file is still there ?? $> docker run busybox cat /etc/passwd Commit the newly created to an image $> docker ps n=2 #get the containers id $> docker commit vieux/broken-busybox The file is gone $> docker run vieux/broken-busybox cat /etc/passwd
  • Public Index & Network Pull an apache image from the public index $> docker search apache $> docker pull creack/apache2 Run the image and check the ports $> docker run d creack/apache2 $> docker ps Expose public ports $> docker run d p 8888:80 p 4444:443 creack/apache2 $> docker ps
  • Creating your 1st app: the interactive way Using docker in interactive mode $> docker run i t ubuntu bash [email protected]:/# [email protected]:/# apt-get update [] [email protected]:/# apt-get install memcached [] [email protected]:/# exit Commit the image $> docker commit `docker ps q l` vieux/memcached Start the image $> docker run d p 11211 u daemon vieux/memcached memcached
  • Creating your 1st app: the boring way Multiple run / commit $> docker run ubuntu apt-get update $> $ID=(docker commit `docker ps q l`) $> docker run $ID apt-get install memcached $> docker commit `docker ps q l vieux/memcached Define default configuration at commit $> docker commit run={Entrypoint: [memcached]} [] Start the image $> docker run d p 11211 u daemon vieux/memcached
  • Creating your 1st app: the scripted way Write a Dockerfile # Memcached FROM ubuntu MAINTAINER Victor Vieux RUN apt-get update RUN apt-get install y memcached ENTRYPOINT [memcached] USER daemon EXPOSE 11211 Buid the image $> docker build t=vieux/memcached . Start the image $> docker run d vieux/memcached memcached
  • Volumes and bind mounts Put your persistent data in a volume $> $ID=(docker run d v /var/lib/mysql vieux/mysql) So you can re use it in another container $> docker run d volumes-from=$ID vieux/mysql Bind mounts $> docker run d v /home/vv:/home Supports read only / read write $> docker run d v host/path:container/path:rw
  • Other commands docker cp #copy a file from container to host docker diff #print container changes docker top #display running processes inside a container docker rm/rmi #delete container/image docker wait #wait until container stop and print exit code More on: http://docs.docker.io/en/latest/commandline/cli
  • Demo: Simple deployment
  • Local development App running in prod http://ks3100989.kimsufi.com:8080/ Build local $> docker build t=gcm . Test local $> docker run p 49200:8080 gcm http://localhost:49200 Change some files Rebuild & test $> docker build t=gcm . $> docker run p 49200:8080 gcm
  • Push to prod Tag image in order to push it $> docker tag gcm ks3100989.kimsufi.com:5000/gcm Push image to local registry $> docker push ks3100989.kimsufi.com:5000/gcm On production server, download image $> docker pull ks3100989.kimsufi.com:5000/gcm Restart the container $> docker stop $> docker run d p 8080:8080
  • Questions ?
  • Thank you! @vieux

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