THE DBQDocument Based Question
WHAT IS IT? Essay question that requires you to
interpret primary source documents Documents may include the
following:Newspaper articles/editorialsLetters/diariesSpeechesLegislation Political cartoonsCharts and graphs
WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS FOR? To discuss events and ideas to which
you are familiar To support or refute the essay question Focus around the essay topic
IS THERE A “RIGHT” ANSWER? Nope Multiple arguments can be made Develop your argument (thesis) with
evidence (AND outside information) Remember: dazzle the reader with
knowledge of topic/subject Use a strong historical argument
I HAVE THE QUESTION, NOW WHAT? Read the question thoroughly Explore all parts of the question Underline or highlight important
words/dates Ask yourself:
1. Do I have an opinion about the subject?2. What must I discuss in order to write a
GETTING ORGANIZED BEFORE you even peek at the docs,
write everything down you know about topic
Gather information Address Issues Decide on Data Organize plan of attack
2009 QUESTION From 1775 to 1830, many
African Americans gained freedom from slavery, yet during the same period the institution of slavery expanded. Analyze the ways that BOTH free African Americans and enslaved African Americans responded to the challenge confronting them.
READING THE DOCUMENTS SOAPS Do you look at the documents in
chronological order or compare and contrast?
Have a THESISDevelop an argument you can proveMake sure your thesis addresses all aspects
of the questionHow does this document support my thesis?
WRITING THE DBQ Back up thesis with solid facts: outside
info and use of documents Site documents “Some slaves were able
to purchase their own freedom from their master (Doc F).”
Are you addressing the question? How many documents should I use?
More than ½.
UNIT 1 DBQ HINT!
Puritans ideas and values 1630-1660sPolitical NEW EconomicENGLAND