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Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 1 COURSE STRUCTURE FOR 5-YEAR M.TECH.( MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE 5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – II SEMESTER – III SUBJECT CODE SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK CREDITS THEORY MN2101 Mining Geology – I 4 4 MN2102 Mine Surveying – I 3 3 MN2103 Underground Mine Environment – I 3 3 MN2104 Mining Machinery – I 3 3 MN2105 Mine Development 4 4 EC2108A Electronics and Instrumentation 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 20 20 PRACTICAL MN2301 Mining Geology – I 3 2 MN2302 Mine Surveying – I 3 2 MN2303 Underground Mine Environment – I 3 2 TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 6 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER – III 29 26 5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – II SEMESTER – IV SUBJECT CODE SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK CREDITS THEORY MN2201 Mining Geology –II 3 3 MN2202 Rock Mechanics 4 4 MN2203 Mining Machinery –II 3 3 AM2208A Numerical Methods 3 3 EE2208A Electrical Engineering –I 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 16 16 PRACTICAL MN2401 Mining Geology –II 3 2 MN2402 Rock Mechanics 3 2 EE2408A Electrical Engineering 3 2 MN2403 Tour Report & Viva-Voce - 2 TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 8 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER- IV 25 24 TOTAL FOR PART –II 50
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  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 1

    COURSE STRUCTURE FOR

    5-YEAR M.TECH.( MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – II SEMESTER – III

    SUBJECT

    CODE SUBJECT

    CONTACT

    HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN2101 Mining Geology – I 4 4 MN2102 Mine Surveying – I 3 3 MN2103 Underground Mine Environment – I 3 3 MN2104 Mining Machinery – I 3 3 MN2105 Mine Development 4 4 EC2108A Electronics and Instrumentation 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 20 20 PRACTICAL MN2301 Mining Geology – I 3 2 MN2302 Mine Surveying – I 3 2 MN2303 Underground Mine Environment – I 3 2 TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 6 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER – III 29 26

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – II SEMESTER – IV

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN2201 Mining Geology –II 3 3

    MN2202 Rock Mechanics 4 4

    MN2203 Mining Machinery –II 3 3

    AM2208A Numerical Methods 3 3

    EE2208A Electrical Engineering –I 3 3

    TOTAL OF THEORY 16 16 PRACTICAL MN2401 Mining Geology –II 3 2

    MN2402 Rock Mechanics 3 2

    EE2408A Electrical Engineering 3 2

    MN2403 Tour Report & Viva-Voce - 2

    TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 8 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER- IV 25 24 TOTAL FOR PART –II 50

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 2

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – III SEMESTER – V

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN3101 Ground Control 3 3 MN3102 Underground Mine Environment – II 3 3 MN3103 Mine Surveying – II 3 3 MN3104 Underground Coal Mining – I 4 4 MN3105 Surface Mining – I 3 3 EE3108A Electrical Engineering – II 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 19 19 PRACTICAL MN3301 Ground Control 3 2 MN3302 Underground Mine Environment –II 3 2 MN3303 Mine Surveying -II 3 2 TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 6 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER- V 28 25

    5-YEAR M.TECH.(MINING ENGINEERING )DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM PART – III SEMESTER – VI

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN3201 Mineral Processing 4 4 MN3202 Environmental Management in Surface Mines 4 4 MN3203 Underground Coal Mining -II 3 3 MN3204 Surface Mining –II 3 3 MN3205 Computer Applications in Mining 3 3 *Open Electives (Humanities) 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 20 20 PRACTICAL MN3401 Mineral Processing 3 2 MN3402 Environmental Management in Surface Mines 3 2 MN3403 Mining Machinery 3 2

    TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 9 6 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER- VI 29 26 TOTAL FOR PART- III 51 * Open Electives HU3208A : History of Science and Technology HU3208B : Industrial and Organisational Psychology HU3208C : Environment and Ecology HU3208D : Energy Management HU3208E : Industrial Sociology HU3208F : Human Values NB: Six weeks of training will be undertaken after VI semester, which will be evaluated in VII semester

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 3

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – IV SEMESTER – VII

    MN4301 Computer Application in Mine Planning 3 2

    Note: ***Under graduate project will complete in VII Semester. * Elective – 1 (From B. Tech.) ** Elective – 2 (From M.Tech.) 1. MN4102: Mine Economics 2. MN4106: Drilling & Blasting of Rock

    1. MN5104: Eco-friendly Mining 2. MN5106: Geo-informatics

    3. MN4107: Technology of Underground Excavation 3. MN5107: Reliability Engineering 4. MN4108: Numerical Methods in Geomechanics 4. MN5108: Safety and Rick Management in Mines

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – IV SEMESTER – VIII

    MN4201 Underground Metalliferous Mining 3 3

    MN4401 Underground Metalliferous Mining 3 2 MN5411 Rock Mechanics 3 2

    Note : ***M.Tech. Project/Dissertation with 6 contact hours/4 credit in Semester – VIII. Dissertation topic will be allotted during Semester – VIII. *Elective – 1 (From B.Tech.) **Elective – 2 (From M.Tech.)

    1. MN4205 : Mining Induced Subsidence Engineering 1. MN5202: Surface Mine Planning 2. MN4206 : Fundamentals of Drilling Technology 2. MN5211: Rock Slope Engineering 3. MN4207 : Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics Instrumentation

    3. MN5221: Environmental Planning and Management in Surface Mines

    4. MN5222: Planning and Design of Mine Ventilation Systems

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN4103 Mining Machinery – III 3 3 MN4104 Mine Disasters 3 3 MN5103 Project Management 3 3 *Elective – 1 3 3 **Elective – 2 4 4 TOTAL OF THEORY 16 16 PRACTICAL

    MN4303 Seminar / Group Discussion 3 2 MN4304 Training Report and Viva-Voce - 2

    MN4331 ***UG Project 6 4

    TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 12 10 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER – VII 28 26

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY

    MN4202 Mine Legislation 4 4 MN5201 Underground Mine Planning 3 3 * Elective – 1 3 3 ** Elective – 2 3 3 TOTAL OF THEORY 16 16 PRACTICAL

    MN4431 ***PG Project / Dissertation 6 4

    MN4432 Comprehensive Viva-Voce - 2

    TOTAL OF PRATICAL 12 10 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER – VIII 28 26 TOTAL FOR PART – IV 52

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 4

    5-YEAR M.TECH. MINING ENGINEERING DUAL DEGREE

    PART – V SEMESTER – IX

    *Electives (From M.Tech.) 1. MN5203: Planning for Underground Mechanization 2. MN5215: Rockmass Structures 3. MN5218: Drilling Technology 4. MN5224: Global Environmental Issues 5. MN5225: Clean Coal Technology

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – V SEMESTER – X

    SUBJECT CODE

    SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    THEORY MN5101

    Operations Research 3 3

    *Elective – I 3 3

    *Elective – II 3 3

    *Elective – III

    3 3

    TOTAL OF THEORY 12 12 PRACTICAL MN5301

    Operations Research 3 2

    MN5331 Seminar on Dissertation - 5

    MN5332 Dissertation Interim Evaluation 9

    5

    TOTAL OF PRACTICAL 12 12 TOTAL FOR SEMESTER – IX 24 24

    SUBJECT CODE SUBJECT CONTACT HOURS/ WEEK

    CREDITS

    PRACTICAL MN5431

    PG Seminar 2 1

    MN5432 Dissertation (Open Defence) - 5

    MN5433 Dissertation (Evaluation) - 10

    TOTAL OF SEMESTER – X 2 16 TOTAL FOR PART – V 40

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 5

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE

    PART – II SEMESTER – III MN2101: MINING GEOLOGY – I ( 4 Credits) Importance of Geology in Mining Mineralogy Minerals – definition, formation and occurrences. Identification – physical, chemical and optical. Classification of minerals. Crystallography Scope, crystal systems. Polymorphism and isomorphism. Economic Geology Ores and gangue – genesis, classification, distribution in India and geological occurrences. Uses of important metallic and non-metallic minerals. Atomic mineral resources of India – genesis and occurrence. Structural Geology Stratified rocks and their structures. Attitude of strata. Outcrop and incrop. Folds – genesis, classification, identification in field, impact on landscape, mineral deposits, mining and tunnelling. Faults – mechanism of faulting, classification, impact of faulting on topography, significance of faults in mining engineering and tunnelling.

    Joints – definition and characteristics, classification, occurrence of joints in igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Engineering considerations and treatments. Prospecting and Exploration Geological guides for prospecting of mineral deposits. Introduction to different methods of prospecting for mineral deposits – geological, geophysical, geochemical, geobotanical, aerial photography and remote sensing.

    Exploratory drilling methods. Trenching and pitting. Sampling grids. Drill hole logging. Deviation of drill holes and drill hole surveying. Directional drilling.

    Reserve Estimation Selection of methods, merits and demerits, applicability. MN2102: MINE SURVEYING – I ( 3 Credits) Distance Measurement Chains, tapes, electronic distance measurement, total station. Levelling Levels, reduced level, corrections for curvature and refraction, reciprocal levelling, contouring, tacheometry. Traversing Triangulation and Trilateration Theodolites, control point framework, baseline, satellite station, extension and double extension of base. Trilateration. Plane Table Surveying Methods, two and three point problems, errors. Curve Ranging Minor Instruments Planimeter, sextant, abney level, optical square. Computations Area and volume calculations. Theory of Errors

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 6

    Definitions, indices of precision and weights, correction and adjustment of measurements.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 7

    MN2103: UNDERGROUND MINE ENVIRONOMENT – I (3 Credits) Introduction Ventilation requirements in mines, natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation. Mine Gases Composition of atmospheric air. Mine gases - occurrences, properties, physiological effects, detection; sampling, analysis, monitoring. Methane layering, methane drainage. Radon and its daughter products - effects and control. Heat and Humidity

    Sources, effects and control of heat and humidity in mines. Cooling power of mine air – psychrometry, Kata thermometer, effective temperature. Air conditioning. Spot coolers.

    Airflow in Mine Workings

    Reynold’s number, laminar and turbulent flow. Square law of mine ventilation. Frictional and shock losses. Equivalent orifice. Resistance in series and parallel. Ventilation control devices. Splitting of air current. Ventilation network analysis – conventional method and scope for computer application. Airborne Respirable Dust Definition – generation, physiological effects, sampling, measurement and control measures. Mine Illumination

    Flame safety lamp – construction, maintenance, gas testing. Cap lamps. Lamp room layout and organization. Underground lighting from mains. Illumination standards. Photometry. Illumination survey.

    Miners’ Diseases

    MN2104: MINING MACHINERY – I ( 3 Credits) Transmission of Power Belt, rope, chain, gear, hydraulic and electro-hydraulic transmission. Compressed Air

    Comparison with other sources of power. Air compressors – types, construction, installation and maintenance. Compressed air transmission and distribution, compressed air drills, pneumatic picks, air motors and other compressed air equipment.

    Wire Ropes

    Types, construction and uses. Rope deterioration and maintenance. Capping and splicing of rope.

    Haulage

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 8

    Rope haulages. Track, mine tubs and cars. Safety appliances on haulage roads. Locomotive haulage. Mono rail.

    Statutory Provisions

    MN2105: MINE DEVELOPMENT ( 4 Credits) Introduction to Surface and Underground Mining Terms Definition of common mining terms. Overview of unit operations in surface and underground mines. Explosives Types of explosives and blasting agents. Detonators, fuses, delays and other accessories. Stemming materials. Testing of explosives. Storage and transport of explosives. Causes of accidents and safety precautions. Substitute of explosives. Types of Support Prop, bar, cog, friction and hydraulic prop, girder. Mine Entries Choice, location and size of mine entries. Shafts, inclines and adits – merits and demerits, applicability. Cross-measure drifts and laterals. Sinking Conventional methods of shaft sinking. Drilling, blasting, loading and hoisting of muck. Lining, ventilation, drainage and lighting. Sinking through loose, fractured, flowing and water bearing ground. Widening and deepening of shafts. Shaft boring. Primary and Secondary Development Drivages in Underground Mines Drivage of drifts and main development headings. Conventional methods. Drilling, blasting, loading and transport of muck. Support, ventilation, drainage and lighting. Special methods through loose, fractured, flowing and water bearing ground. High speed drivages.

    EC2108A : ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ( 3 Credits)

    Semi-conductor diode characteristics, load line, half-wave and full-wave rectifiers, filters.

    Power supply, regulators (723, 78XX, 79XX).

    Amplifying devices (Vacuum tube, BJT, FET), their characteristics with LF equivalent circuit.

    Single stage and multistage RC-coupled amplifiers (including types of coupling), calculations of voltage gain, impedances, frequency response, and feedback.

    High input impedance circuit.

    Oscillators (RC, LC, distributed X-tal.) criterion and one practical circuit.

    Op-Amp and its applications, filters, VCO and PLL.

    Timer and applications to systems.

    Logic gates and basic logic circuits (SSI, MSI and basic system ICs).

    Transducers, load cell, strain gauge, LVDT, optical shaft encoder, display devices, AID and D/A converters.

    CRO and multimeters (A&D) (lntersil's A/D for instrumentation).

    A typical instrumentation system.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 9

    Introduction to microprocessors and their basic peripherals.

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – II SEMESTER – IV

    MN2201: MINING GEOLOGY – II (3 Credits) Geological Time Scale Petrology Definition and scope, main classes of rocks forming minerals. Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks – origin, characteristics, classification, uses and mining importance. Significance of texture and structure of rocks on geomechanical properties of rock mass. Stratigraphy Definition and scope. Stratigraphic correlation. Standard stratigraphic scale. Fossils – conditions, mode of preservation and uses. Major geological formations of India – Dharwar, Cuddapah, Vindhyan, Gondwana, Tertiary & Quaternary systems and their economic significance. Fuel Geology Coal and lignite - origin, occurrences, petrography. Structural features of coal-seam. Grades of coal. Occurrences in India. Petroleum and natural gas – formation of gas and oil basins, traps and reservoirs, occurrences in India. Coal bed methane. Geo-hydrology Sources of water in mines. Classification of rocks based on porosity and permeability. Water table and types of ground water. Geological controls on ground water movement in mines. Environmental Geology Geological hazards and their management. Weathering of ore and overburden – environmental complications. MN2202: ROCK MECHANICS ( 4 Credits) Status of Rock Mechanics Role and status of rock mechanics in mining and civil engineering. Stress and Strains Stresses in two and three dimensions. Stress tensors. Principal stresses. Stress invariants. Displacements and strains. Mohr’s circle. Stress-strain relationships. Effect of temperature and pressure on stress and strain relationships. Equilibrium and compatibility equations. Rockmass Classification Systems Q-system, RMR, Modified RMR and their applications. Physico-Mechanical Properties of Rocks Specific gravity, hardness, porosity, moisture content, permeability, thermal conductivity. Compressive, tensile and shear strengths. Modulus of elasticity. Poisson’s ratio and triaxial strength. Swell index, slake durability, point load index, Protodyakonov index. Determination of in-situ strength. Determination of In-situ Stresses Methods of measurement – hydrofracturing and stress-relief. Rheological Models and Time Dependent Properties of Rocks Theories of Rock Failure Griffith, Mohr-Coulomb, Hoek and Brown. Types of rock fractures. Post-failure Behaviour.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 10

    MN2203: MINING MACHINERY – II ( 3 Credits) Surface and Underground Layout Pit top and pit bottom circuits. Surface structures. Surface handling systems – coal and ore handling plants. Storage bunkers. Railway siding. Pit bottom layouts. Winding Drum and friction winding, headgears, headgear pulleys, cages and skips, suspension gear, keps and guides. Steam and electric winders, safety devices in winders, duty cycle. Automatic winding. Multilevel winding. Trackless Haulage Types of conveyors and their sequence control. High angle conveyor. Free steered vehicles - shuttle cars, LHD, SDL and low profile dump trucks (LPDT). Aerial Ropeways Types, construction and installation. Loading, unloading and angle stations, Man-riding Systems Statutory Provisions

    AM2208A : NUMERICAL METHODS ( 3 Credits)

    Absolute, relative, round-off, truncation errors, significant digits. Estimation of errors. Tabulaton of a function. Interpolation- ordinary differences, operators E and D, subtabulation, divided differences; Lagrange’s formula; central differences, formulae of Gauss, Bessel, Everett. Method of ordinary least squares; cubics, splines. Inverse interpolation. Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations - graphical method, Iterative methods, Newton-Raphson Method; multiple roots. Solution of systems of linear equations - method of elimination, method of relaxation, iterative methods, ill-conditioned systems. Computing the inverse matrix. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, matrix decomposition.

    Numerical differentiation. A Numerical integration - finite-difference methods; Gaussian quadrature, Euler-Maclaurin series, asymptotic expansions. Newton-Cotes formula numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Series solution, methods of Mine, Adams-Bashforth, Mine-Simpson multistep and Runge-Kutta methods. Difference equations; numerical solution, relaxation method. Solution of partial differential equations by difference

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 11

    methods. Numerical solution of elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic partial differential equations.

    EE2208A : ELECTICAL ENGINEERING – I ( 3 Credits) Electrical Circuits Network element – voltage and current sources, Kirchhoff's voltage and current law, loop and nodal analysis. Superposition theorem. Thevenin's theorem. Norton's theorem. Maximum power transfer theorem. Sinusoidal steady state analysis – R L and C elements, power and power factor, phasor diagram, resonance, mutual inductance and coefficient of coupling. Three-phase circuits- line and phase relationship, power measurement. Electrical Machines Transformer – principle of working, EMF equation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation and efficiency, open-circuit and short-circuit tests, autotransformer. DC machines – constructional features. DC Generators- no load magnetization and external characteristics. D C motors – starting, speed-torque characteristics, speed control, applications. Induction machines – principle of operation, constructional details, torque-slip characteristics, starting and speed control. Synchronous Machines – Constructional features. Alternators – voltage regulation and its determination by synchronous impedance method. Synchronous motor - starting, V and inverted-V curves, applications. Distribution of Electrical Power Tariff calculation. House and factory wiring. Introduction to Electrical Measurements Indicating instruments, voltmeter, ammeter, wattmeter and energy meter.

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE

    PART – III SEMESTER – V

    MN3101: GROUND CONTROL ( 3 Credits) Design of Mine Opening Stress distribution around narrow and wide openings. Extent of failure around mine openings. Determination of size of opening and extent of failure. Design of Pillars Determination of shape and size of pillars in coal and hard rock mines, barrier pillars. Rock Supports Design of support systems in tunnels, shafts, headings, junctions, depillaring areas, gates, longwall faces and stopes. Rock bolting. Cable bolting. Shotcreting. Roof stitching. Mechanics of strata control by stowing. Caving Mechanics of caving. Caveability of rocks. Induced caving. Subsidence Theories of subsidence. Factors affecting subsidence. Sub-critical, critical and super-critical widths of extraction. Subsidence prediction and control. Design of shaft pillar. Slopes Types of slope failure. Analysis of slope failure. Factors affecting slope stability. Drainage and reinforcement of slopes. Monitoring of slopes. Stability of waste dump. Rock Bursts Rock bursts and bumps – mechanism, prediction and control.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 12

    Load and Deformation Monitoring Visual monitoring, instrumental monitoring – load cells, convergence recorders. Load and Deformation Monitoring Visual monitoring, instrumental monitoring – load cells, convergence recorder.

    MN3102: UNDERGROUND MINE ENVIRONMENT – II ( 3 Credits) Main Mechanical Ventilation Centrifugal and axial flow fans – construction, pressure development, characteristic curves, series and parallel operations, installation and testing. Forcing and exhaust ventilation. Fan drift, evasee, diffuser. Reversal of airflow. Auxiliary and Booster Ventilation Distinction between auxiliary and booster ventilation. Booster fans and installation. Auxiliary ventilation by brattice. Auxiliary fans and installation. Risk of uncontrolled recirculation. Controlled recirculation – concept, schemes for controlled recirculation in long heading and working district. Ventilation Planning Classification of ventilation systems – central & boundary, homotropal & antitropal, ascending & descending, U, V & W ventilation. Desirable features of ventilation planning. Short term and long term ventilation planning. Ventilation layout for mining coal and ore deposits. Calculation of air quantity and pressure requirements. Fan selection. Ventilation Survey Purpose, instrumentation, procedure and data tabulation for air quantity and pressure survey. Determination of fan and mine characteristic. Ventilation Plans.

    MN3103: MINE SURVEYING – II ( 3 Credits) Mine Plans and Sections Mining plans and sections. Statutory requirements, conventional signs, limits of accuracy. Underground Traversing Traversing through roadways and drifts. Surface and Underground Correlation Orientation of underground net through adits, inclines and shafts. Depth of shaft. Magnetic and gyroscopic orientation. Stope Surveying Tape triangulation. Traversing. Radiation. Auxiliary telescope. Hanging compass. Photogrammetry Terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry. Flight planning. Applications in mine surveying. Global Positioning System Theory and applications in mine surveying. Subsidence Surveying Construction and layout of subsidence monitoring stations. Subsidence measurements. Borehole Surveying Laser Types, characteristics and mining applications of Laser.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 13

    MN3104: UNDERGROUND COAL MINING – I ( 4 Credits) Coal and coal measure rocks. Classification of mining methods. Division of mine area into panels on district and level patterns. Factors influencing the choice of mining method. Bord and Pillar Method Size of headings, pillars and panels. Development of panels by drivage of group of headings to strike, dip and rise with V, diagonal and straight fronts. Cycle of operations, work-organisation and scheduling for drivage of heading groups by conventional and continuous methods. Depillaring of panels with V, straight and diagonal fronts. Conventional and mechanized depillaring schemes with emphasis on coal, water, air routes and supports. Simultaneous development and depillaring, partial extraction, room and pillar methods. Longwall Method Classification of longwalls, advancing and retreating methods, working in districts and levels (central and boundary ventilation) size of panel, development of panel with single and multiple heading gate roads, various orientations of longwall face, single and double unit longwalls. Extraction of longwall panels with conventional and fully mechanized methods, length of face, daily advance, cycle of operations, organisation, scheduling and layouts with special reference to coal, water and air routes. Bleeder ventilation scheme. Gate, goaf and face area support in conventional and fully mechanised longwalls. Room and Pillar Method Shortwall Method Stowing Applicability conditions, classification and description of various methods of goaf stowing. Surface and underground arrangements and precautions with stowing, full bore stowing and problems associated with stowing at surface and below ground. Comparison of Various Mining Methods MN3105: SURFACE MINING – I ( 3 Credits) Classification and Basic Parameters General information and classification of surface mining methods – associated terms, determination of major dimensions and main parameters. Annual production and life of mine. Surface mining methods – Scope, applicability and limitations. Opening of Deposits Opening of deposits and formation of benches – trenching, non-trenching and underground methods and their combinations. Width & slope of entry trenches. Driving of opening and entry trenches.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 14

    Overburden Removal Systems for removal and disposal of overburden – overcastting haulage and combination methods with scope and limitations. Design of waste dumps. Basic Layouts Layout planning for horizontal, inclined and steep deposits. Factors influencing the choice of layouts. Design of benches. Special Mining Situations Quarrying of dimensional stones, hydraulicking, dredging of placers and deep-sea mining. Mining over old underground workings. Ultimate Pit Design Global and Indian Status of Surface Mining

    EE3108A : ELECTICAL ENGINEERING – II ( 3 Credits) Electric Drives Advantages and disadvantages, factors affecting the selection, direct and indirect drives. DC, induction and synchronous motors – principle, starting, speed control and braking. Rating of machines and duty cycle, cooling curve. Speed-time relationships, time-revolution required to reach a particular speed or to stop. Load equalization. Selection of drives to meet specific requirement in mines and mineral treatment plants. Electric Power Distribution Types of distributors, AC & DC distribution, feeders, design. Voltage Regulation of Lines Short lines, medium lines, ABCD constant, over-head line insulator. Mechanical design of lines. Underground Cable Types, grading, heating, rating and laying in. Neutral grounding – methods and grounding practices. Opencast and underground mine electrical system installation in hazardous atmospheres. Flameproof enclosures. Intrinsically safe circuits. Instrumentation Transducers, measurement of displacement, temperature, pressure, stress, strain and acceleration.

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – III SEMESTER – VI

    MN3201: MINERAL PROCESSING ( 4 Credits) Introduction Scope, objectives and limitations of mineral processing. Liberation and Comminution Concept and importance of liberation and its measurement. Theories of Comminution. Crushing and grinding equipment, their fields of application and limitations. Comminution circuits. Sizing and Classification

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 15

    Laboratory sizing techniques. Industrial screens – selection and performance. Laws of settling of solids in fluid. Types of classifiers, their selection and performance. Interpretation of sizing data. Concentration Methods Principles, equipment and circuits for various concentration processes such as gravity concentration, dense media separation, magnetic separation, high tension separation, flotation. Applications and limitations of each method. Solid-Liquid Separation Principles, techniques and application of dewatering units such as filters and thickeners. Plant Practices Location, layouts and selection of equipment for mineral processing plants. Processing flow sheets for coal and important ores. Associated environmental problems and their controls. Metallurgical accounting and control. Developments and research trends in mineral processing.

    MN3202: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN SURFACE MINES (4 Credits) Environmental Issues Air Pollution Sources, characterization, ill effects, measurement, monitoring, standards, mitigating measures. Water Pollution Sources, ill effects, water quality parameters – physico-chemical, biological and bacteriological. Water quality criteria, standards, monitoring and mitigating measures. Heavy metal pollution and its abatement. Ground water pollution – detection and management. Acid mine drainage. Noise Pollution Basics of acoustics. Sound power, intensity and pressure levels. Noise indices, effects, standards, instrumentation, monitoring and control. Biological Land Reclamation Environmental factors affecting revegetation – climatic, physical and chemical factors. Analysis and evaluation of site and soil. Plant species selection. Methods of vegetation establishment. Vegetation survey. Socio-economic Rehabilitation Environmental Impact Assessment Methods of EIA and their applicability. Environmental Management Plan Structure and preparation of EMP. Environmental Laws

    MN3203: UNDERGROUND COAL MINING – II ( 3 Credits) Global and Indian Status Global and Indian status of different underground coal mining methods and scenario of coal production in India.

    Mining Under Difficult Geological Situations

    Wining of contiguous, steeply inclined and thick seams – slicing methods, sublevel caving, integral sublevel caving, blasting gallery method and wide-stall method. Winning of thin seams – methods, equipment and associated problems. Situations of stress concentrations

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 16

    during winning of seams. Stress relaxations. Winning of seams prone to gas outbursts. Winning of fractured and crushed seams.

    Hydraulic Mining

    Concept, hydro-monitors, coal flumes and pipes, hydraulic elevators and pumps, coal sumps. Layout of working on district and level systems. In-situ Gassification

    Concept, chemistry, and applicability. Methods using underground excavations – vertical and directional drilling boreholes from surface. Linkages and innovations.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 17

    MN3204: SURFACAE MINING – II ( 3 Credits)

    An overview of unit operations in surface mining. Drilling Classification of drilling equipment, construction and design considerations, criteria for selection and performance of drilling equipment, drillability, mechanics of drilling. Blasting Selection of explosives, primary blast round design considerations and calculations, multi-row blasting, inclined hole blasting, initiation systems, secondary blasting, monitoring and assessment, blast nuisances (vibration, airblast, flyrock), blast casting. Excavation and Loading Classification of excavation and loading equipment. Front end loaders. Backhoe. Power shovel. Dragline and its balancing diagram. Bucket Wheel Excavator. Bucket Chain Excavator. Surface Miners. Criteria for selection and performance of excavating and loading equipment. Transport Classification, choice and performance of various transport systems. Dumpers, rail transport, belt conveyers, in-pit crushing and conveying, high angle conveying. Optimization of shovel-dumper combination, computerised truck despatch. Auto truck control. Haul road design. Storage Stockpiling and blending. Spreaders. Reclaimers. Lighting Requirements, types and layouts. Drainage Sources of water, assessment of drainage requirements, sump design and drainage patterns. Reclamation Methods of reclamation of mined out areas, dumps and tailings pond.

    MN3205: COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN MINING ( 3 Credits) Introduction to Software Packages Applicable to Mining

    Development of Algorithms Slope stability. Open pit configuration. Pillar design. Design of mine ventilation system. Optimisation of cycle of operations. Blast design.

    Simplex technique for mining.

    Rock reinforcement design.

    Modelling of mining pollution phenomena.

    Management information systems.

    Development of Programs

    Simple computer programs based on the above algorithms.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 18

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE

    PART – IV SEMESTER – VII

    MN4103: MINING MACHINERY – III ( 3 Credits)

    Mine Pumps Types, construction and characteristics. Pipes. design, installation and maintenance of pumping systems. Series and parallel operations of pumps. Borehole and submersible pumps. Slurry pumps. Airlift pumps. Automatic pump control Rock Drivage Machines Roadheaders. Tunnel Boring Machines. Raise climbers. Raise and shaft boring machines, Rock bolting machines. Underground Face Machinery Basic principles of drilling, ripping, cutting and ploughing. Drills. Coal cutting machines. Gate end box. Continuous miners. Loaders, shearers, ploughs and powered supports. Machinery Maintenance Planned, preventive and predictive maintenance. Routine and remote condition monitoring. Effect on availability and utilisation of equipment. Automation and Remote Control of Mining

    MN4104: MINE DISASTERS ( 3 Credits)

    Spontaneous Combustion Mechanism, causes, susceptibility indices, detection, preventive measures and control. Incubation period and its determination.

    Mine Fires

    Classification of fires, causes, detection, preventive measures. Dealing with underground and surface fires. Fire fighting – direct methods, sealing off and inertisation.

    Explosions Mechanism, causes, characteristics, preventive and control measures of firedamp and coal dust explosions. Investigation after explosion.

    Reopening of Sealed-off Area Monitoring of atmosphere behind sealed-off area. Precautions to be taken before reopening. Methods of reopening. Inundation Causes and preventive measures. Precautions to be taken while approaching old water-logged workings and while working under water bodies. Safety boring apparatus. Dewatering procedure. Design and construction of water dams and barriers. Rescue and Recovery Common rescue equipment – constructional features, functions and uses. Rescue station and rescue room. Fresh air base and its advancing. Rescue rules.

    Enquiry Report Preparation

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 19

    MN5103: PROJECT MANAGEMENT ( 3 Credits) Financial Analysis Mining costs. Break Even Analysis. Net Present Value (NPV). Internal Rate of Return (IRR). Incorporating risk in the NPV calculation. Sensitivity analysis. Preparation of balance sheets. Personnel Management Requirement schedule. Qualifications, experience. Press advertisement. Processing of applications. Tests, selection and appointment. Induction and training programmes. Work Study Time and motion study. Inventory Planning and Management Purchasing and Tendering Purchase procedures in public sector. Preparation of tender documents. Project Monitoring Monitoring techniques. Management Information Systems (MIS). Industrial Disputes Types and causes of industrial disputes. Settlement of industrial disputes. Mine Closure Planning Issues in mine closure planning. Different mine closure operations. Role of regulatory authorities and mine operator in mine closure. Post-mining site rehabilitation programme. Quality Management Concepts, practices and trends. Elective – 1 (From B. Tech) MN4102: MINE ECONOMICS ( 3 Credits) Mineral Economics Special features of mineral and mining industry, statistics of important and strategic minerals of India. Grading and pricing of coal, limestone, bauxite and iron ore. Pricing of metals, concentrates and ores. Conservation of minerals. National mineral policy. Global mineral marketing. Sampling and Estimation of Reserves Methods of sampling during exploration, mining and dispatch. Records and analysis of core sampling data. Tenor, grade and specification. Classification of reserves. Estimation of reserves. Applications of geostatistics. Economic Evaluation Break-even analysis. Economic appraisal of capital investments by NPV and IRR methods. Comparison of investment alternatives. Feasibility studies. Critical variables, price forecasting and sensitivity analysis. Organisational and Financial Management Forms of business organizations. Sources of finance. Winding up of companies. Wage systems and incentives. Cost accounting and budgetary control.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 20

    MN 4106: DRILLING AND BLASTING OF ROCKS ( 3 Credits)

    Drilling of Rocks in Underground and Surface Mines Principles of rock drilling. Classification of drilling system. Rock drilling methods, parameters affecting the choice of drilling system, long hole drilling, ring drilling and rotary drilling methods for underground mines. Drilling bits.

    Blasting in Underground Mines Explosives. Initiation systems and accessories for blasting in the underground mines. Blasting off the solid. Blasting of cut faces. Mass-blasting system for heavy blasting in hard rock mines.

    Blasting in Surface Mines

    Principles of blast round design for single and multi-row. Blast round design in surface mines. Bulk explosives Initiation systems and accessories. Evaluation Methods, Nuisances and Mitigation Evaluation of drilling and blasting methods for underground and surface mines by use of state-of-art techniques and gadgets. Blasting nuisances and their mitigation for underground and surface mines.

    MN4107: TECHNOLOGY OF UNDERGROUND EXCAVATION ( 3 Credits)

    Tunnelling

    Drilling and blasting, mucking, transportation support, ventilation and illumination. Tunnel boring machines – factors influencing its performance, choice of TBMs, types of TBMs.

    Design and Construction of Large Underground Excavations Shape, dimensions, structural behaviour, methods and sequence of excavations. Power stations.

    Storage caverns.

    Metro and large diameter trenches for communication.

    Nuclear waste repositories and excavations for defence purposes

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 21

    MN4108: NUMERICAL METHODS IN GEOMECHANICS ( 3 Credits)

    Finite Difference Method

    Concept, formation of mesh, finite difference patterns, solutions. Application in mining problems.

    Finite Element Method

    Concept, discretization into elements, element types, element stiffness, assemblage and solution. Simulation based on FEM.

    Boundary Element Method

    Concept, discretization, solution for isotropic and infinite media.

    Application to Mining Engineering Problems.

    Elective – 2 (From M. Tech) MN5104: ECO-FRIENDLY MINING ( 3 Credits) Overview Basic concept of eco-friendly mining. Selection of eco-friendly equipment and exploitation operations. Environmental Parameters Water quality – physical, chemical, biological, criteria and standards. Classification and chemistry of major air pollutants. Soil chemistry – nature and importance of soil, soil properties, soil amendments. Waste Management Waste water management – sources characteristics, techniques of treatment. Acid mine drainage – occurrence, effects and treatment techniques. Solid waste management for mine spoils. Mine Closure Principles, planning, financial provisions, implementation, standards for closure criteria, systems approach for mine closure and development of closure plan. Environmental Policies and Laws Legal provisions for environmental protection – various acts, rules and regulations.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 22

    MN5106: GEO-INFORMATICS ( 3 Credits) Introduction to Geo-informatics and its Application to Mining Engineering. Principles of Geo-informatics Basic concepts. Management information systems (MIS) and expert systems in mining. Role of geo-informatics in micro-mechanics, fractal analysis and damage mechanics. Micro-Instrumentation. Geological Discontinuities Geological discontinuities and presentation of data. Remote Sensing Basic concepts, sensors, remote sensing system, objects and image and its applications. Geographic Information System (GIS) Components, capabilities and applications. Global Positioning System (GPS) Concepts, principles and applications.

    MN5107: RELIABILITY ENGINEERING ( 3 Credits) Basic Concepts of Reliability Reliability and quality. Failures and failure modes. Causes of failure and unreliability. Maintainability and availability. Design for Reliability Mathematical model and numerical evaluation. Designing for higher reliability. Redundancy techniques. Equipment hierarchy. Reliability and cost. Component Reliability and Hazard Models Component reliability from test data. Mean time to failure. Time dependent hazard models – field data curves, constant hazard, linear hazard, non-linear hazard, gamma and other models. Reliability Assessment Approaches Capability and variability of performance. Required performance. Overall reliability functions. Equipment Reliability Analysis Failure rate data, sources of failure rate data, classification of failure rate data, failure rate and time calculation. Analysis of mining equipment reliability.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 23

    MN5108: SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN MINES ( 3 Credits) Source of risk and hazard in mines. Accident analysis and control. Cost of accident. System engineering approach to risk and safety. Hazard identification techniques, Risk assessment process. Risk reduction. Safety audits and control. Human behavioural approach in safety.

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE

    PART – IV SEMESTER – VIII MN4201: UNDERGROUND METALLIFEROUS MINING ( 3 Credits) Status of Metalliferous Mining Industry in India

    Development

    Opening of deposits – shafts (vertical and inclined), declines and adits. Cross-cuts. Division of orebody into levels and blocks. Level interval.

    Driving of raises – conventional and raise boring machines methods.

    Stoping Methods

    Classification. Room and Pillar method. Sublevel stoping. VCR method. Shrinkage stoping – conventional and VCR. Cut and fill stoping and its variation. Sublevel caving. Block caving – spontaneous and induced. Dilution and recovery. Productivity. Unit supports and mass support systems. Selection of stoping methods.

    Special Mining Situations

    Special problems in deep mines. Solution mining. Leaching methods. Bacterial leaching. Sea-bed Mining.

    Orebody and Host rock

    Salient features, dilutions, type of dilutions, methods of dilution assessment, computation of net smelter returns of mine, economic considerations for selection of stoping methods.

    Pillar Recovery Methods

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 24

    MN4202: MINE LEGISLATIONS ( 4 Credits)

    Development of Mining Legislations in India.

    Provisions of Mines Act and Mines rules.

    Coal Mines Regulations and Metalliferous Mines Regulations.

    General provisions of Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act.

    Mineral Concession Rules.

    Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act.

    Workmen’s Compensations Act and Industrial Disputes Act.

    Relevant provisions of Indian Electricity Rules, Indian Explosives Acts and Rules. MN5201: UNDERGROUND MINE PLANNING ( 3 Credits) Mining Industry in India – An Overview Characteristics of Planning Process Scope of mining activities. Stages of mine planning. Feasibility and Project Reports Contents, preparation and evaluation. Preparation of mine plan and mine environmental plan. Capacity of a Mine Delineation of mining area. Annual output and life of the mine. Mine Entries Opening of single and multiple seams/veins at various inclinations – Type (shaft, incline or adit), number, location and design. Division of Mining Area Division of the mining area into working units on district and level pattern. Dimensions of panels and blocks. Production Planning and Scheduling

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 25

    Elective – 1 (From B. Tech)

    MN4205: MINING INDUCED SUBSIDENCE ENGINEERING ( 3 Credits)

    Causes – Effect of depth, width of excavation, seam thickness and angle of draw.

    Types of subsidence – non-effective width, sub-critical, super-critical width.

    Theories of subsidence, sub-surface subsidence due to mining.

    Rock kinematics, Extent of movement in the overlying beds.

    Special Methods of Mining to control subsidence.

    Prediction and nomograms of subsidence.

    MN4206: FUNDAMENTALS OF DRILLING TECHNOLOGY ( 3 Credits) Drilling Methods Classification, factors affecting drilling of rock – thrust, rotation, flushing, feed, rock type, alignment and deviation, flushing and suction drilling. Drillability of rocks. Basis for choice of methods - diameter, depth, and rock types. Ergonomics of drilling.

    Principles of Drilling

    Drilling mechanics, factors affecting rock drilling, alignment and deviation. Exploratory Drilling Diamond drilling – types, rocks, barrels, bits and wire line system.

    Production Drilling

    Percussive drilling – mechanism, types and methods. Constructional features, specifications, merits and limitations of various types of percussive drills machines. Rotary blast hole drilling – classification, characteristics, performance and applications of rotary cutting and rotary crushing drilling techniques. Miscellaneous Drilling Techniques Water-jet assisted drilling, fire jet drill, drilling for coal field degassification and horizontal and directional drilling.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 26

    MN4207: FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCK MECHANICS INSTRUMENTATION ( 3 Credits)

    Basic Concepts

    Sensitivity, range, reproducibility and accuracy, drift, absolute and relative measurements, error, environmental factors and planning for instrumentation.

    Operating Principles

    Mechanical, pneumatic, optical, vibrating wire, piezoelectric, electrical and thermal.

    Field Instruments

    Load cells, MPBX, tape extensor meters, convergence recorders.

    Laboratory Instruments

    Load, stress, deformation, strain measuring instruments.

    Applications in Mining

    Coal mining – bord and pillar development, depillaring and Longwall.

    Metal mining applications

    Elective – 2 (From M. Tech)

    MN5202: SURFACE MINE PLANNING ( 3 Credits)

    Technical and Economic Consideration Technical and economic considerations in opening up, bench formation and ultimate pit configurations. Layout Planning Systems of overburden removal and planning of layouts for stipulated production. Surface Mining Equipment and Operational Planning Overview of surface mining equipment and practices. Optimization of load-haul units. Haul road design. Computerized truck dispatch systems. Blast Design for Fragmentation and Casting Recent Advances in Drilling, Blasting, Loading and Transport Operations Drainage Planning and Arrangement Reclamation Planning Planning for reclamation of mined out areas, open pits, waste dumps and tailings pond. Computer Applications in Surface Mine Planning.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 27

    MN5211: ROCK SLOPE ENGINEERING ( 3 Credits) Role of Slope Stability in Economic Design and Operation of Open Pit Mines Types and Mechanics of Slope Failure Types of slope failure, falls, slides and flows. Mechanics of slope failure – plane, wedge, circular, toppling, buckling, Prandtl type, block and key block failures. Factors Affecting Slope Stability Geological factors, slope geometry, ground water, equipment loading, dynamic loading and effect of time. Slope Stability Analysis Methods of slope stability analysis. Safety factor. Deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Physical, analytical and numerical analyses of rock and soil slopes. Field instrumentation and monitoring. Conventional and GPS monitoring. Stabilisation and strengthening of slopes. Design of Waste Dumps and Tailings Dams MN5221: ENVIRONMENT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT IN SURFACE MINES ( 3 Credits) Overview History of environmental problems in mines and present environmental scenario. Techno-economics of environmental management. Environmental Parameters and Standards Baseline data. Impact of mining activities on environmental parameters. Mitigating measures, monitoring and control. National and international standards and regulations. ISO principles and series. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Framework for EIA, EIA methodologies and their applicability. Uncertainties in EIA. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Legislative requirements of EMP. Preparation and appraisal of EMP report.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 28

    MN5222: PLANNING AND DESIGN OF MINE VENTILATION SYSTEMS ( 3 Credits) Ventilation Requirements in Mines Various systems of mine ventilation. Short-term and long-term ventilation planning. Ventilation Network Analysis Computation of volume flow using equivalent resistance and direct analysis methods. Application of Kirchhoff's laws to solve ventilation network. Linear graph theory – formation of meshes, Hardy-Cross iteration method, convergence of network analysis algorithm. Concept of compressibility of air in mine ventilation. Heat Transfer Heat transfer in mine airways due to conduction, convection and radiation, heat transfer at wet surfaces, sources of heat in longwall working panels and computation of heat load in mines. Design of auxiliary ventilation system for long heading and longwall panel. Recirculation of Mine Air Concept of controlled recirculation, design of controlled recirculation system for long heading and working panel. Application of tracer gas in mine ventilation system study – concept, desirable properties, estimation of air quantity using tracer gas technique, application in leakage and recirculation study. Design of Methane Drainage Systems

    5-YEAR M.TECH. (MINING ENGINEERING) DUAL DEGREE PART – V SEMESTER – IX

    MN5101: OPERATIONS RESEARCH ( 3 Credits) Introduction to Operation Research Basic concepts. Linear Programming Simplex methods, dual problem and post optimality analysis. Dynamic Programming Concept, recursive equation approach, computational procedure, forward and backward computations and problems of dimensionality. Network Analysis Network representation, critical path calculations, probability and cost considerations in project scheduling, construction of time chart and resource leveling. Inventory Models Definition, deterministic and probabilistic models. Queuing Theory Basic concepts, axiomatic derivation of the arrivals and departures, distribution for Poisson queues, Poisson queuing models, non-Poisson queuing models, queuing models with priorities for service. Non-linear Programming Unconstrained external problems, constrained external problems, programming – separable, quadratic, stochastic and geometric.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 29

    Elective – 2 (From M. Tech) MN5203: PLANNING FOR UNDERGROUND MECHANISATION ( 3 Credits) Overview of Mechanization Need for mechanization of mines. Social and organizational aspects and desired level of mechanization in India. High Speed Underground Development Shaft sinking, drifting and boring machines, raise boring machines, road headers and tunnel boring machines. Bord and Pillar Mining Continuous miners, loaders and shuttle cars, LHDs and SDLs. Roof bolting machines. Powered Support Longwall Faces Types of equipment, installation, operation and salvaging. High speed development of gates. Mechanization in Different Stoping Methods Transport Planning Application of different transport systems. Maintenance Planning Planned, preventive and predictive maintenance. Condition monitoring of equipment. Other Aspects of Mechanization Techno-economic indices of mechanized systems. Equipment availability, utilization and reliability. MN5215: ROCK MASS STRUCTURES ( 3 Credits) Syngenetic and Epigenetic Structures. Syngenetic structures in rocks – origin, types, effects on strength, suitability as building stones and sites for engineering projects. Epigenetic structures – origin, types, characterization and significance for engineering projects. Rock Mass Classification Concept and analysis of rock mass fabrics. Rock mass deformation and discontinuities. Site Characterization Scale dependence of properties, description and characteristics of discontinuities. Intact Rock Application of linear elastic fracture mechanics, stresses and strains in rocks, failure criteria, failure modes and post failure behaviour. Fractured Media Detection, mapping and representation of the discontinuity system, effect of large fractures, uncertainty in fractured rock models and graphical techniques of recording discontinuities.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 30

    MN5218: DRILLING TECHNOLOGY ( 3 Credits) Drilling Methods Classification, factors affecting drilling of rock – thrust, rotation, flushing, feed, rock type, alignment and deviation. Flushing with air-water. Suction drilling. Basis for the choice of method – diameter, depth and rock type. Drillability of rocks. Ergonomics of drilling. Drilling Principles Mechanics of percussive and rotary drilling. Exploratory Drilling Diamond drilling – types, rods, barrels and bits. Overburden blast hole drilling. Rotary blast hole drilling – components of drilling rigs, roller bits, rigs and rock compatibility. Production Drilling Percussive drilling – drill design, variants, wave theory, classes of drills mounting, bit types, stems, complete failures and life. Down-the-hole drilling – hammers, high air pressure drill string, rigs, hydraulic and pneumatic rotary heads, drilling technique. Rotary Mining Drills Classification, advantage, limitations and constructional features of rotary cutting and rotary crushing drill rigs. Specialized Drilling Techniques for Mining, Petroleum and Construction Industry MN5224: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ( 3 Credits) Environmental Issues Sustainable development. Greenhouse effect. Bio-diversity. Global warming and climatic changes. Acid rain. Sea-level changes. Ozone hole. Radio nucleides. Oil spillage in oceans. Environmental Protection Strategies Conservation of natural resources. Physical and financial incentives and disincentives. Carbon tax. Protection of ancient monuments. Recommendations of international summits and their implications on mining activities. Standards and Legislation National and international standards for various environmental parameters. Indian legislation on environment.

  • Syllabus for 5-year M. Tech. (Mining Engineering) Dual Degree

    Department of Mining Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 31

    MN5225: CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY ( 3 Credits) Coal Utilization Coal production and utilization trends. Status of coal utilization technology and related operating and environmental problems. Coal qualities and their effect on selection of efficient methods for eco-friendly utilization of coal. Pre-Combustion Technology Necessity, scope and limitations of pre-combustion coal cleaning technology. Washability characteristics and preparation problems related to coal quality. Principles, operations and selection of processes for coal preparation. Plant performance evaluation and forecasting of cleaning results. Environmental problems and related mitigating measures. Combustion and Post-Combustion Technology Necessity, scope and limitations of combustion and post-combustion clean coal technologies. Developments, basic principles, operating features of clean coal technologies. Selection, performance and related environmental problems and their control. Wastes and Pollutants Characterization, impacts, control, treatment and safe disposal of wastes and pollutants released from various stages of clean coal technologies. Utilization of wastes and pollutants.


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