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"Eco-conscious design" for printed matters

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  • 1. Nagata Laboratory, Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy EngineeringEco-conscious design for printed products Multilateral approaches for printing to go greenerDr. SHIMIZU, HirokazuPresident, SHIMIZU PRINTING INC.Visiting Senior Researcher, Waseda University Environmental Research InstituteExpert, ISO130 (Graphic technology) WG11(Environmental impact of graphic technology)1

2. Waseda University Environmental Research InstituteSelf-introduction 1. Date of birth May 19th, 1967 2. Qualication Specialist on UV printing technology of graphic arts Specialist on Life-cycle approach (LCA, LCC, MFCA..and etc.) 3. Pioneering achievements Development of UV Waterless High-Denition printing method Schematization of Printing service LCA and LCCO2 4. Award UV Waterless High-denition printing, Encouraging Prize byJapanese Society of Printing Science and Technology in 2011 Establishment of quantitative assessment for printing service,Best Paper Award by Japanese Society of Printing Science andTechnology in 2010 Establishment of Printing service LCA to propose environment-conscious solution, Chairmans Award (2nd best)by 6th LCA Japan Forum in 2010Shimizu Printing Inc.2 3. Waseda University Environmental Research InstituteSelf-introduction 5. Extra activities (present) Visiting Senior Researcher, Waseda University EnvironmentalResearch Institute () Expert (Thailand), ISO130 (Graphic technology) WG11(Environmental impact assessment of graphic technology) Policy Adviser for SMEs at Japan Chamber of Commerce Committee, Energy and Nuclear Committee at Japan Chamberof Commerce Committee, Environment Committee at Tokyo Chamber ofCommerce Supervisor, Joint research project for CFP of printed productswith Chulalongkorn University in Thailand 6. Extra activities (past) Committee, Renewable energy buy-out committee at Ministry ofEconomy, Trade and Industry Committee, Product Category Rule for Carbon Footprint ofProducts Committee at Japan Federation of Printing IndustryShimizu Printing Inc. 3 4. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Self-introduction 7. Academic paper1) Hirokazu Shimizu, Katsuya Nagata, and Aran Hansuebsai. 2012. Comparisons of Paper-book and E-book by the scale of carbon footprint. Proceedings of The Asian Symposium on Printing Technology: 39-442) Hirokazu Shimizu, Katsuya Nagata, and Aran Hansuebsai. 2011. Integrated Life cycle Assessment (LCA) for Printing Service in an emerging country. Proceedings of EcoDesign 2011 International Symposium: 283-2883) Hirokazu Shimizu, and Katsuya Nagata. 2010. Integrated Life cycle Assessment (LCA) Approach for Printing Service by Using Environmental Load Point (ELP) Method. Journal of Printing Science and Technology 47 (3): 39-474) Hirokazu Shimizu, and Katsuya Nagata. 2010. Comparison of Life-cycle CO2 emissions for Paper-Based Books and Electronic Books. Journal of Printing Science and Technology 47 (2): 19-295) Hirokazu Shimizu. 2009. Establishment of quantitative assessment for Printing Service. Journal of Printing Science and Technology 46 (6): 26-35Shimizu Printing Inc. 4 5. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Agenda 1. Improving printed products to be Eco-conscious by quantitativemethod, not by qualitative methodDenition of Eco-conscious productsCase study of plastic document le for Eco Product 2012New idea to promote printed products 2. Reforming current calculation standard (Product Category Rule)to be wide-spread for SMEsPromotion of new calculation standard for printingAccuracy of existing calculation standard for printingMagnitude of calculation accuracy for new/existing standards 3. Utilizing Printing Goes Green CLOUD (PGG-CLOUD) to quantifyenvironmental impact by the scale of CO2Primary data and secondary data collectionActual operationNext step to evaluate by dierent impact categoriesShimizu Printing Inc.5 6. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute1. Eco-conscious printed products Denition of Eco-conscious printed products: The printed products which have shining- star quality in terms of environment related issues backed by quantitative assessment (not by touchy-feely opinion, but by numerical numbers)Shimizu Printing Inc. 6 7. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (contd) Case study: Polypropylene-made document le Use application: Ad. tool for Eco Products 2012 Copies: 2000 Material: Polypropylene Press: Bk+C+M+Y+W+Bk+C+M+Y+OP varnish Post-press: Die-cut, glue Normal practice: PP 0.20mm is used Best practice: PP 0.15mm is usedHow much can Best practice be improved by by the scale of CO2 emission?Shimizu Printing Inc.7 8. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (contd) Case study: Polypropylene-made document lePP 0.20mm thickness PP 0.15mm thicknessm m =PP0.15-PP0.20 5 #Itemkg-CO2e %kg-CO2e%kg-CO2e 1Substrate 220.34544.8%165.259 39.3%-55.086-25.0% 2Ink & varnish 7.607 1.5% 7.607 1.8%- - 3Printing plate 62.91312.8% 62.913 15.0%- - 4Additives 0.090 0.0% 0.090 0.0%- - 5Other materials 1.291 0.3% 1.291 0.3%- - 6Design/Editing 15.581 3.2% 15.5813.7%- - 7CtP 9.516 1.9% 9.516 2.3%- - 8Press79.00216.1% 79.002 18.8%- - 9Postpress22.813 4.6% 22.8135.4%- -10 Water0.000 0.0% 0.000 0.0%- -11 Delivery 4.660 0.9% 4.414 1.1% -0.246 -5.3% 12 Waste from household and factory 67.28013.7% 51.120 12.2%-16.160-24.0% 13 Recycle from household0.000 0.0% 0.000 0.0%- - 14 Recycle from factory0.945 0.2% 0.756 0.2% -0.189-20.0%Total 492.043 100.0%420.363100.0%-71.680-14.6% Per copy 0.2460.210Shimizu Printing Inc. 8 9. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (contd) Case study: Polypropylene-made document le kg-CO2e 500Recycle from f -14.6% Recycle from hWaste from h&fDelivery375 WaterPostpressPressCtP250Design/EditingOther materialsAdditives125Printing plateInkPP 0.20mm Substrate0Shimizu Printing Inc.PP 0.15mm 9 10. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (contd) New idea to promote Eco-conscious printed products-20% D AAA AAAEconomical factor ()-15% D B AAA-10% D C B A-5% D D D D -5% -10% -15% -20% Environmental factor (CO2)Shimizu Printing Inc.10 11. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR Select only 10-item for simplication(1)Substrate NOT calculated5% cut-o rule/Guess-work for primary data(2)Transportation for substrate(3)Ink & varnishWater (dampening solution) Additive (dampening solution)(4)Transportation for Ink & varnish(5)Plate (waterless printing)(6)Transportation for Plate Prepress(editing, designing, CtP)(7)Printing process (waterless printing)(8)Post-press processMaterial (glue, stitch...)(9)DistributionWrapping material for delivery(10)Waste & RecycleShimizu Printing Inc.11 12. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Points of modifying current PCRI. Calculation method is standardized to cumulativeII. Modeling for thickness of ink/varnishIII. Electricity usage = Rated output xed loading factorIV. Loading percentage of truck is xed at 50%V. Calculate incineration by coated layer of paper onlyVI. Printed products only by waterless printing methodVII.Avoid scenario setting of key itemsShimizu Printing Inc. 12 13. 1.Substrate (paper/plastic) 2. Trans. for Substrate (trucks/rail/surface/air)Shimizu Printing Inc. Raw material acquisition3.Ink & varnish (conv./UV ink, OP varnish, Coating varnish) 4.Trans. for Ink & varnish (trucks/rail/surface/air) 5.Plate (for waterless printing)13 Points of modifying current PCR6.Trans. for Plate (trucks/rail/surface/air) 7.Printing process (electricity for machines, lighting, air-cond.) Production8.Postpress process (electricity for machines, lighting, air-cond.)9.Delivery (excluding packing materials)2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Distribution10.Waste from household, Recycle from factory and household Waste/Waseda University Environmental Research InstituteRecycle 14. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (contd)Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Paper package for DVD) 100000 copies0 30000 copies 10000 copies5000 copiesc500 copies c#Item kg-CO2e% kg-CO2e%kg-CO2e%kg-CO2e% kg-CO2e%1 Substrate2104.4 69.6 701.4 64.3300.6 58.5200.4 52.5 110.2 41.62 Trans. for Subs.207.66.969.2 6.329.75.8 19.85.210.94.13 Ink&varnish55.31.818.5 1.717.91.5 5.3 1.42.9 1.14 Trans. for Ink&varnish 0.2 0.00.10.00.0 0.0 0.0 0.00.0 0.05 Plate36.21.236.2 3.336.27.0 36.29.536.2 13.76 Trans. for Plate 0.1 0.00.10.00.1 0.0 0.1 0.00.1 0.07 Printing process170.65.685.3 7.842.68.3 42.6 11.242.6 16.18 Postpress process 180.26.058.4 5.421.34.1 13.43.57.0 2.69 Delivery 25.91.011.4 1.03.8 0.7 1.9 0.50.2 0.110 Waste & Recycle193.66.461.4 5.623.64.6 14.23.75.8 2.2- Others 51.31.748.8 4.548.29.4 47.9 12.549.1 18.5Total3025.4100.0 1090.8 100.0514.0100.0381.8100.0 265.0100.0Per copy0.030 -0.036 - 0.051-0.076 -0.530 -Shimizu Printing Inc. 14 15. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Paper package for DVD) 100%OthersWaste & RecycleDelivery75% Postpress processPrinting processTrans. for Plate50% PlateTrans. for Ink&varnishInk&varnish 25%Trans. for Subs.Substrate100000 30000100005000 0%Shimizu Printing Inc.50015 16. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Flyer from 300-500,000) other items 10 items % 100 90 80 70 6050403030020500100010 10002000 20003300 500050000 50001000010000 10000 10000 15000 20000 30000Shimizu Printing Inc.16500000 17. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Booklet from 410-500,000) other items10 items %10090807060 50 40 30 20 410 500 1000 101300 20002000 24002700 40004500 5000 05000 95001000010000180001800030000Shimizu Printing Inc.50000 17 100000 18. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Conclusion of new PCR accuracy Carbon calc. by 10-selected itemPackage1.7% 18.5% of Others by Shimizu PrintingFlyer2.8% 22.6% of Others by 18 cases (JWPA)Booklet0.8% 32.2% of Others by 60 cases (JWPA) New PCR has missing piece of carbon calc. resultCurrent PCR can provide absolute carbon calc. result?Shimizu Printing Inc.18 19. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Current PCR: The dierence by emission factor of paper(1) Magazine, 210mm*297mm, 4P+44P, 4000copies(2) Coated card for cover, 210gsm, UV4C+PP lamination(3) Light coated paper for text, 127.9gsm, UV4C/UV4C(4) EF of text is calculated by weighting 6 factories (48.2%)(5) Max. EF=1.419kg-CO2e/kg, Min.=0.704kg-CO2e/kg(6) Weighted EF=1.197kg-CO2e/kg(7) Sensitivity analysis by dierent EF of Light coated paper(8) What I use for text is Avg./Max./Min.? ReferenceJLCA-LCA database 2012yr.1st editionShimizu Printing Inc.19 20. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)The dierence by EF of paper (Magazine, 4000 copies) kg-CO2e +7.1% 2250 RecycleWaste 2000 Delivery -21.5%Water1750 1384.94 1541.192 Postpress1500PressCtP1250Design/Editing 1000913.137Additives 750Plate Avg. E.F.500 Ink Max. E.F.250 Paper 0Shimizu Printing Inc.Min. E.F.20 21. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) The dierence by calc. method(1) Paper package for DVD, 130mm*130mm*9mm,100,000copies(2) Coated cardboard, 360gsm, UV4C+UVOP varnish(3) EF is calculated by weighting 4 factories (86.8%)(4) Calculated based on Cumulative method for1,000-100,000(5) Calculated based on Allocation method for1,000-100,000 (allocation basis is based on paper input)(6) Current PCR allows printers to utilize both methods(7) Who can consider the dierence between two methods?Shimizu Printing Inc.21 22. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)The dierence by calc. method (Paper package for DVD)CumulativeAllocation% (Allocation/ Copiesg-CO2e/copyg-CO2e/copy Cumulative) 1000276.075223.70881.0 2500126.353113.37289.7 5000 76.362 71.13293.2 7500 59.739 59.27699.210000 51.39853.349103.82000041.328 44.457107.630000 36.35941.493114.140000 33.88040.011118.150000 32.389 39.122 120.860000 32.199 38.530 119.770000 31.375 38.106 121.580000 31.291 37.789 120.890000 30.81137.542121.8100000 30.254 37.344123.4Shimizu Printing Inc. 22 23. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)The dierence by calc. method (Paper package for DVD)300250200Cumulative Allocation150100 500 100025005000 7500 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 80000 90000 100000Shimizu Printing Inc.23 24. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Conclusion of current PCR accuracy Carbon calc. by dierent EFs+7.1% -21.5% compared to avg. data Carbon calc. by dierent calc. methods+23.4% -19.0% compared to cumulative method Current PCR has certain range of carbon calc. result No absolute number from carbon calculationShimizu Printing Inc. 24 25. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd) Magnitude of uctuation by new/current PCRMin.Max.% Current PCR 130123.4 97.2 107.199.2 97.577.4 78.5 67.881 6532.510-item(yer)10-item(Booklet)Paper EF 0 Allo./Cum.Shimizu Printing Inc. 25 26. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute2. Reforming current PCR (contd)CFP trial (16-page booklet, 2000 copies) by 7-printer from JWPA ItemShimizuABC DEFMaterial2.90E-01 2.90E-012.90E-012.80E-01 2.80E-01 2.90E-012.80E-01Production6.80E-02 7.30E-028.50E-023.10E-02 2.40E-02 4.10E-023.10E-02Delivery3.30E-02 3.30E-023.30E-023.30E-02 3.40E-02 3.40E-023.30E-02Use 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+000.00E+00 0.00E+00Disposal/Recycle1.30E-02 1.00E-021.00E-021.20E-02 1.30E-02 1.30E-021.20E-02 TTL (kg-CO2e/copy) 4.00E-01 4.06E-014.18E-013.60E-01 3.50E-01 3.80E-013.60E-01% comparison in group - 98.5% 101.5% 100.0% 97.2% 104.9% 100.0%Avg. in group4.00E-014.12E-01E 3.60E-01E(kg-CO2e/copy)*New PCR for Printed products for waterless printing was certied in Sep. 2012*Cost of CFP logo on PR tool for Eco Product 2012 should be minimized*Calculation results should be in +-5% range to utilize averaged gure*Carbon calculation by 7-printer, then categorized into 3 groups based on the results*Applying for CFP by group is eective to reduce application fee for SMEsShimizu Printing Inc.26 27. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD PGG-CLOUD is developed for... Assisting printers to work on carbon calculation to get jobs For carbon footprinting / carbon osetting Following print-buyers at the leading edge to defend jobs For transformation of peoples subconsciousShimizu Printing Inc. 27 28. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Detailed 7-key feature are...Calculating based on cloudingCalculating based on English/Japanese/Thai...etc.Calculating by cumulative/allocation methodCalculating full range of life cycleCalculating material input/output preciselyCalculating by massive databaseCalculating results are summary/detailed (2-type)Shimizu Printing Inc.28 29. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Any kind of devices if it can access to internetComputers Tablets Smart phonesShimizu Printing Inc. 29 30. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Select a jobShimizu Printing Inc.30 31. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Case study Introduction to HangulSize: A5 (210mm*148.5mm)Page: 4P+112PCopy: 10,000 copiesJacket: Coated paper, 157.0gsm,2500+500sheets, 4-color+PP laminationCover: Fine paper, 157.0gsm,1250+250sheets, 1-colorText: Fine paper, 104.7gsm,35000+1000sheets, 2-color on both sidesBinding: Perfect bindingShimizu Printing Inc. 31 32. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: SubstrateShimizu Printing Inc. 32 33. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Emission Factors of papers 2.250 2.052.0001.93 1.77 1.83Fine paper1.750Coated paper1.500 Non-bleached paperBleached paper 1.2501.13 1.2Carton box paper 1.19 1.000Coated cardboard0.750 Chipboard 0.5000.250Emission Factors (kg-CO2e/kg) 0Reference: CFP communication program basic database ver.1.01Shimizu Printing Inc. 33 34. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Piece of inventory data comparison of R0% and R70% (in order to make 1kg of Fine Paper) Category ItemUnitFine P. (R0%) Fine P. (R70%)R70%/R0%Energy electricityWh1.34E+021.69E+02 126.7%Energycoal g8.84E+012.47E+02 279.4%EnergyBlack liquorBDg 1.31E+034.90E+0237.5%EnergyPaper sludgeBDg 1.81E+013.69E+0137.5%CO2 Emission (air) BDg 6.33E+029.81E+02 155.1%(production)CO2 Emission (air) BDg 3.39E+029.80E+0128.9%(forestation)CO2 Emission (air) BDg 0.00E+001.78E+01 - (recycling)Reference: JLCA-LCA database 2012yr. 1st editionShimizu Printing Inc.34 35. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Material owShimizu Printing Inc. 35 36. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Product area and non-product area939mm420mm Paper area: 210mm148.5mm0.597204636mm Product area:594mm 0.498960 Product area %: 83.5%Shimizu Printing Inc. 36 37. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Ink usageShimizu Printing Inc. 37 38. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Calculation process of ink usage amountInk thicknessMaximum paper size of press Sheet run Ink coverage %0.001mm1040mm740mm12%36000sheet2-side1000 1000=6.649kgConvert to kgConvert to gramPrint on both sidesShimizu Printing Inc. 38 39. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Ink transportationShimizu Printing Inc.39 40. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Check distance from start to goal by webShimizu Printing Inc.40 41. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Water (dampening solution)Shimizu Printing Inc. 41 42. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Scale factor of dampening solutionShimizu Printing Inc.42 43. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Additives for dampening solutionShimizu Printing Inc. 43 44. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Breakout of dampening solution 14.89176kg2.5 times=37.22940kg37.229401.05=35.456571kgIPA=35.4565713.5%=1.240980kgAdditives=35.456571%1.5=0.531848kgShimizu Printing Inc. 44 45. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Printing plateShimizu Printing Inc. 45 46. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Conversion of EF from base to kg base 12.300 kg-CO2e/ (0.400mm thickness) 1.030m0.785m=0.8085580.855 0.240mm0.400mm=60.000 80.855%60.000=48.513% 12.300 kg-CO2e/48.513%=5.967kg-CO2e/plate 5.967kg-CO2e/plate2-plate=11.934kg-CO2e/kgReference: CFP communication program basic database ver.1.01Shimizu Printing Inc.46 47. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Design & EditingShimizu Printing Inc. 47 48. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Actual monitoring of Mac quadra for 3-weekElectricity usage (kWh)0.2150.2100.2050.2000.1950.1900.1850.1800.175 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 *Line graph shown above is the monitoring data (once every 1-hour) for 3-week Shimizu Printing Inc.48 49. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Computer to Plate (CtP)Shimizu Printing Inc. 49 50. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Actual monitoring of Prinergy server for 5-weekElectricity usage (kWh)0.2150.2100.2050.2000.1950.1900.1850.1800.175 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 *Line graph shown above is the monitoring data (once every 1-hour) for 5-week Shimizu Printing Inc.50 51. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: PressShimizu Printing Inc. 51 52. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Break out of electricity usage by a press R704 with perfecting unit18% Press Pumps Peripheraals 53%29%Shimizu Printing Inc. 52 53. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: PostpressShimizu Printing Inc. 53 54. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Actual monitoring of air-conditioningTime Winter (Feb.) Summer (Aug.)8:00-9:00 9.85 kWh15.81 kWh 9:00-10:00 9.65 kWh17.45 kWh10:00-11:00 11.15 kWh 17.35 kWh11:00-12:00 8.65 kWh15.19 kWh12:00-13:00 7.35 kWh16.39 kWh13:00-14:00 7.65 kWh16.44 kWh14:00-15:00 5.55 kWh15.43 kWh15:00-16:00 6.25 kWh14.47 kWh16:00-17:00 6.05 kWh18.64 kWhAVG.8.02 kWh16.35 kWhkWh % to rated output 32.1% 57.8%20.0018.0016.0014.0012.00WinterSummer10.00 8.00 6.008:00- 9:00-10:00- 11:00-12:00- 13:00-14:00- 15:00-16:00-Shimizu Printing Inc. 54 55. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: DeliveryShimizu Printing Inc.55 56. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)RM: Weight calculation of wrapping paper 817.0mm80mm180mm 148.5mm180mm 148.5mm80mm210mm210mm0.817m0.210m0.17157100gsm0.17157=17.2g/wrapping paper17.2g/wrapping paper(1000020)=8.6kgShimizu Printing Inc. 56 57. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Waste from household & factoryShimizu Printing Inc.57 58. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Recalculation of material owShimizu Printing Inc. 58 59. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: Recycle from factoryShimizu Printing Inc. 59 60. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) RM: Recalculation of material owShimizu Printing Inc. 60 61. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) Calculation: CO2e summaryShimizu Printing Inc. 61 62. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) For marketing tool (CFP label, Japan)Reference: http://www.cfp-japan.jpShimizu Printing Inc. 62 63. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd) For marketing tool (CFP label, Korea)How did they calculate CO2for printing a package? Reference: http://www.edp.or.kr/index_eng.aspShimizu Printing Inc. 63 64. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)For sensitivity analysis (Best practice=Lightweight of paper) kg-CO2e 6500 Recycle Waste -17.7%5850 Delivery5200 Water Postpress4550 Press 3900CtP 3250Design/Editing Additives2600 Plate1950 InkNormal Practice 1300 Paper650Best practice 0Shimizu Printing Inc. 64 65. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (contd)Sensitivity analysis (Environmental Load Point=ELP) ELP 27,500,000 Landll 10t-truck24,750,000 4t-truck -19.7%2t-truck 22,000,000Recycled Al Recycled pulp19,250,000 Electricity 16,500,000 Water Ink (Plolyurethane) 13,750,000Al Paper11,000,000Environment impact categories of ELP:8,250,000 1-Energy drain, 2-GWP, 3-Ozone depletion,4-Acid rain, 5-Natural resource consumption, 5,500,000 Normal practice6-Air pollution, 7-Water pollution,2,750,000 8-Disposal problem, 9-Ecosystem eectBest practice 0Reference: Nagata Lab., Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy EngineeringShimizu Printing Inc.65 66. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Summary Utilization of quantitative assessment for Eco-conscious Productsa. Find Hotspot(s) to improve manufacturing process and/or select eco-friendly materialb. Communicate with print-buyers (consumers) by showing comprehensive internal comparisonc. Conduct many pilot projects to know efficiency of CFP (environment impact assessment) Utilized for sales growth and cost-cut,not for academic experts to be satised Simplication of calculation is extremely important to save timeand money, Detailed calculation cannot guarantee accuracy!Shimizu Printing Inc.66 67. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Thank you for your attention. You can have a look at this presentation le:http://www.slideshare.net/ShimizuHiro/edit_my_uploads Corporate web site:http://www.shzpp.co.jpShimizu Printing Inc. 67

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