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Ecologic Volume 3

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ECOLOGIC Vol 3 Fall 2011 Contributors: Patricia Dawson, Dana Dellapenna , Jeanne Feiler, Heather Kuhn, William Novicky, Diane Revay , Melissa Umbenhour, Jason Dabila, Yolanda Davila-Blevins, Carl Fischer, Carol Gallego, Thomas Lynch, Donita Malone, April Ramsey and Nikki Walker
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  • ECOLOGIC Vol 3 Fall 2011

    Contributors: Patricia Dawson, Dana Dellapenna , Jeanne Feiler, Heather Kuhn, William Novicky, Diane Revay , Melissa Umbenhour, Jason Dabila, Yolanda Davila-Blevins, Carl Fischer, Carol Gallego, Thomas Lynch, Donita Malone, April Ramsey and Nikki Walker

  • Thank you to all that participated in this class assignment.

    This was our attempt at an e-magazine that is written by citizens.

    We are not scientists or politicians. We are simply students trying to learn about our

    environment.

    We are discovering the basics of our environment and looking at how it affects our life,

    health, economics, government and global community.

    The following group of essays is what we discovered about the importance of water,

    Companies and their products, and our thoughts of the environment.

    We encourage you to seek out this information for yourself.

    What is important to you? How can you help? Can you make a difference?

    Can you teach someone about our environment?

    We hope you look into the environment and find something to be passionate about.

    Thank you for reading our magazine.

    It was a pleasure to put together.

    My many thanks to my students for having an open heart and mind.

    Good luck to you all.

  • Note from Instructor:

    This first assignment is to find companies whether big or small that support the idea of

    sustainability. Students researched and chose the companies that they believe are making a

    difference in our communities.

    The Advantages of Owning a Green Business

    By: Carol Gallego

    In todays business world, companies need to be more environmentally friendly. Owning a

    green company comes with many benefits.

    Profitability along with cost savings can be improved. Competitive advantages can be

    capitalized on. Productivity can be increased and top talent can be retained. Work environments

    would be healthier and safer for all. New and healthier markets could open and new jobs would

    be created.

    In the business world today, we need more green companies and the many benefits that could

    follow would be good for our environment and generations to come.

    ISSUU Green Company Article by Billy Novicky

    Lowes is a home improvement store

    that sells a list of things from lumber,

    plumbing, electrical, and gardening. Lowes

    has started a wood policy to guarantee to their

    customers that their lumber suppliers are

    purchasing wood from a non endangered

    forest.

    Lowes is trying to protect endangered

    forest from being logged. Lowes was also a

    supporter of the Lacey Act, which strives to

    end illegal logging around the world. Lowes

    only purchase lumber from reputable wood manufactures that pass there wood policy guideline.

    By starting this program it stops the chance of Lowes selling wood from an endangered forest.

    Lowes is one of the leaders when it comes to eco friendly companies around the country.

    Lowes was also the first company to receive all three EPA awards in 2010. With their

    introduction of a wood policy countless endangered forest have been saved from greedy loggers.

    This article did make an impression and its nice to see major corporation taking part in a greener earth.

  • What is your Company Doing to be Green? By April Ramsey

    Office Depot is a company that sales office supplies and products. The company was first opened

    in 1986 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. They have three business segments: North American Retail

    Division, North American Business Solutions Division, and the International Division.

    According to Office Depot (http://www.officedepot.cc/environment/)website the reasons they

    pursue environmental leadership is for four main reasons:

    We care about taking care of the planet and want to reduce our environmental footprint; We consider our environmental strategy to be a business strategy that helps us attract and retain customers who are interested in going green;

    We listen to our customers and aim to serve their growing environmental needs; and We know that our operational environmental initiatives to reduce our carbon footprint or waste outputs often save costs and drive long-term operational improvement

    As a way to reduce their carbon footprint Office Depot has a program called Recycling Rewards

    that allows you to bring in your old ink cartridge and get $2.00 back per cartridge. You can

    recycle up to 10 cartridges per month. This is an

    excellent way to get some extra cash. Brilliant idea

    Office Depot.

    Office Depot practicing being green helps saves

    their company money because they can reuse a lot

    of their products that were sold. They wouldnt have to spend money on new ones and can use that

    money towards something else, like hiring more

    employees. They may even influence other

    companies to go green and that will ultimately help

    the environment as a whole.

    This was an influential article because it just brings me one step closer to becoming greener. I

    can tell people that they can get paid for their ink cartridges that they do no use anymore instead

    of throwing them away. Being green is the new thing!

    Going Green - Improved Environment

    By Nikki Walker

    The Ritz-Carlton Hotel L.L.C. is a luxury hotel company that originated in Boston, 1927. At that

    time the room rate was $15.00. This hotel was known for the wealthy and had a guest dress code.

    Until 1970s women were not allowed to dine alone in The Caf or go into The Ritz-Carlton Bar. As of 2011, all this has changed, guests do not have a dress code, nor do the women have to be

    escorted to dine in any of the facilities. The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company has 77 hotels across 25

    countries and 38,000 employees. This company has won numerous awards, including the LEED

    Gold Certification by going green.

    The Ritz-Carlton Company cares about the environment by becoming a sustainable company by

    protecting everything. There are energy conservation programs within the hotels. These

    programs teach employees how to save energy by turning off the lights in places where they are

    not used. As well as not running the heat in banquet rooms not being in use. Paper is recycled,

    compact florescent light bulbs are placed throughout the building and the bathrooms are water

    efficient. One of the newest buildings that was built, is an 18 story green vegetated roof. This

    green roof consists of approximately 18,000 plants, two bee hives to help with pollination and

  • honey. The new building also has an electric car charging station and an in-house water bottling

    system to reduce the use of plastic bottles and many more things.

    All of these acts contribute by reducing waste, energy and water usage. This assist companies

    with saving money throughout the years. Less money is being spent on utility bills and on

    vegetables. The Ritz-Carlton is a sustainable company which saves money as well as helping to

    make the planet a more improved place to live.

    Green Company Article

    Heather Kuhn

    The company is A Piece of Cleveland; it was

    founded in 2008 by three guys Chris Kious, Aaron

    Gogolin and P.J. Doran. This company dismantles

    abandoned houses that are ready for demolition.

    They bring in $10,000 per contract and employs

    between eight and twenty employees. They take

    reclaimed materials from the houses and make

    furniture with it.

    The company is protecting things that can be used

    for something else from being thrown away. They

    are recycling and being green so there isnt much as trash out there from houses not being lived in. reusing materials has changed the company

    and made it even a bigger company.

    Well other companies are asking for their help. Last year, their company made countertops and

    tables from reclaimed wood for a local Starbucks. So this company will be in business for

    awhile, the trend with catch on.

    ISSUU Green Company by Melissa Umbenhour

    ECOSOX is an eco-friendly company that makes socks woven from bamboo, which are

    grown without pesticides. This company makes a variety of socks to fulfill everyones needs.

    They offer diabetic socks, nurse/scrub socks, compression socks, and socks that are made for

    hiking, outdoors, work and active sports. These socks control moisture and odor; help prevent

    blisters, and are thermo-regulated so they keep you warm in the winter and cool in the summer.

    These socks also give arch support and are cushioned in key areas where they can provide

    maximum support. When they eventually ware out, they are conveniently biodegradable. Not

    only has ECOSOX made socks that are comfortable and soft

    for your feet, but they have made them so that they are

    environmental friendly also.

    The moso bamboo that ECOSOX makes their

    socks out of is just one type of bamboo and there are 1,200

  • types in the world, making them sustainable. Bamboo is chosen to weave these socks with

    because it produces 35% more oxygen than an equivalent strand of trees, which are how other

    socks are made. Bamboo also takes in five times the amount of greenhouse gases. This enables

    them to do their part in fighting against global warming. It is one the worlds fastest growing

    plants; is renewable, absorbent, and regenerative. Another great benefit of using bamboo for

    these soft wearing socks is that they give natural protection against the suns UV rays. This

    company is thinking of the present and the future.

    http://www.ecosox.com ECOSOX: Give Your Feet a Hug, Wear ECOSOX

    Green Company by Yolanda Davila-Blevins

    Save A Lot opened more than 30

    years ago, their business model

    and philosophy have always been

    to operate efficiently, reduce

    excess and make productive use

    of their resources. Save A Lot is

    committed to environmental

    stewardship and sustainable

    operations and continually work

    to use energy more efficiently and reduce waste.

    Save A Lots commitment to be ecofriendly include some of the following; carrying items in only one size to promote efficiency in production and shipping. Stores maximize their

    truck loads of merchandise to reduce the number of trucks driving and using less gas. Energy

    efficient refrigeration and lighting have been installed in all corporate stores. Many stores in

    other states have implemented paper, plastic, cardboard and aluminum recycling programs. Save

    A Lot also buys from local farmers. This not only supports local farmers but also reduces

    shipping costs.

    With Save A Lot reducing shipping cost and maximizing production, using energy

    efficient refrigeration and lighting and purchasing from local farmers, they have been able to

    sustain the companys financial future. By realizing what these ecofriendly implementations have saved then financially, they have been able to maximize the companys growth and now have over 1,000 stores nationwide.

    retrivied on December 3, 2011

    www.savealot.com,aboutsavealot,environmentallyfriendlypractices

  • ISSUU Green Company Article

    By Carl Fischer

    Grass-Fed Basics by Jo Robinson

    Amazing graze farm started as a God-given desire to raise or grow as much of our food

    naturally as they can without chemicals. They use all natural, no chemicals or fertilizers that

    harm people.

    The company is producing healthier animals for eating; fresh eggs, chicken that are raised in a

    pasture not caged up in herds eating food which has sprayed. Youre enjoying healthier animals as they put an end to degradation of animals.

    The company stays financially afloat by people who donate money. They educate people on the

    benefits of choosing grass-fed meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products.

    I thought this article was good about healthier foods and how they raise their animals and you

    can find other related articles and newsletters of interest.

    To eat healthy and to make a donation contact this website: http://www.amazinggrazefarm.com

    Kohls Department Store Uses More Solar Power than the White House By

    Patricia Dawson and Jeanne Feiler

    Kohls is a department store that sells anything from clothes to house wares to electronics and

    accessories. They influence people to go green by allowing them to bring in any plastic bag to be

    recycled. Kohls is protecting the consumer and the environment by using solar panels that

    supply 40% of the stores power. In fact, they use more solar power than the White House. In

    addition, the chain has 500 Energy-Star certified stores that save energy through power

    conservation.

    By using solar power, the store is staying financially solid since they are being more energy

    efficient. As an employee of Kohls, I can also say that they also save on paper by giving

    everyone direct deposit and no pay stub so they are saving the trees.

    http://blisstree.com/live/kohls-is-embracing-solar-power-more-than-the-white-house/

  • Naked Juice

    Dana Dellapenna

    Naked Juice is a company that creates all natural Juices for the

    healthy choices of juice lovers.

    This company is creating cleaner air and waters through

    sustainability so that the products can be used more and more.

    This helps to influence sustainability by promoting conservation

    practices and to help protect and keep our wildlife and forests

    preserved. The company is practicing recycling and composting

    methods. Naked Juice is changing the industry by being

    sustainable. Naked Juice is influencing other companies by

    introducing the measures they use to stay sustainable. Have you had your share of Naked Juice?

    Then go ahead and try some, you may just think it is the best you have had for your lifestyle!!

    Come and try some, you know you want to.

    Timberland Goes Green by Donita Malone

    The Timberland Company is reducing global tire waste. More than seven billion tires sit in

    landfills worldwide, leading to one of the largest and relatively unknown environmental issues.

    Through the use of Green Rubber proprietary and patented technologies, Timberland will help

    transform waste tires into a valuable raw material. Timberland said it will be the first footwear

    manufacturer to commercialize Green Rubber technology, incorporating it into the outsoles of

    more than 200,000 pairs of shoes scheduled for release in fall 2009.

    The Timberland Company will launch two new footwear collections featuring outsoles made

    using recycled rubber from discarded tires. Using a blend of Green Rubber compound and virgin

    rubber compound (for an outsole that is made up of 42% recycled tire crumb), Timberland is

    able to maintain the durability and performance characteristics of their footwear.

    Jeffrey Swartz, CEO, the Timberland Company says that they are thrilled to have found a way to

    support making rubber a more sustainable resource. Green Rubber is positioned to have a major

    impact on the global rubber industry; managing tire waste can now become both a commercially

    viable and eco-conscious process. By 2012, Green Rubber intends to recycle the equivalent of

    more than 200 million discarded tires every year. The company is about to launch an aggressive

    expansion program as it looks to open new manufacturing plants for its revolutionary rubber

    compound in the Americas, the Middle-East, Asia and

    Europe.

    I think this article was very interesting to know that

    companies are looking for different alternatives. I thing

    the article was well written, very informative, clear and

    Im able to understand what is being said. URL:

    http://activegearreview.com/articles/whos-going-green/timberland-goes-green

  • Starbucks: The Green Company

    By Thomas Lynch

    Starbucks is one of the leading companies for

    brewing and serving coffee products to its

    consumers and it is a company that has decided to

    take responsibility towards becoming an

    environmental friendly business. They have

    developed a set of guidelines called Coffee and

    Farmer Equity Practices to help their farmers grow

    coffee so that it is better for both the people and

    the planet.

    In addition, Starbucks encourages others to believe

    in the importance of caring for the planet by recycling, conversing energy and water, and by

    building greener stores for its customers. They have also taken an initiative of making their cups

    greener by developing recyclable cups. Starbucks also encourages its customers to reuse their

    own mugs or cups by offering a ten-cent discount to customers who reuse their personal mugs or

    tumblers for Starbucks beverages. As you can see on the bottom of all Starbucks cups, there cups

    are made with 10% post-consumer recycled fiber. By participating as a greener business, this can

    help the company stay financially solid as it allows a potential decrease in costs of production

    and allows for more reusable products by saving resources.

    http://www.starbucks.com/responsibility/environment/recycling

    No Computer Should Go To Waste

    By Jason Dabila

    Dell, Inc. is an American multinational information

    technology corporation based in Round Rock, Texas

    that develops, sells and supports computers and

    related products and services. It is the one of the

    largest technological corporations in the world,

    employing more than 103,300 people worldwide. Dell

    working along with Goodwill has established a

    recycling program call Dell Reconnect that allows

    computer user to drop off old equipment at donation

    sites throughout the U.S. The free program offers an

    easy, convenient and responsible way for people to

  • recycle end-of-life computer equipment. There are more than 2,600 drop off site in the U.S and

    Canada.

    The Reconnect program, which was first introduced in 2004, is aimed to prevent end-of-life

    computers and equipment from ending up in landfills, also known as E-waste. An estimated 50

    million tons are produced each year. The components of a computer and other electronic devices

    may have or do have the following hazardous chemical. Lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent

    chromium, arsenic, nickel, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), dioxins, phthalates, vinyl chloride,

    ethylene dichloride. When electronic wastes are disposed of in a landfill, the toxic chemicals

    inside the equipment can seep into the land over time, or they can be released into the

    atmosphere. In addition, if computer components are sent to incinerators, this can cause heavy

    metals, such as lead, cadmium and mercury, to be released into the atmosphere aiding to Global

    Warming and introduce into the water cycle further contaminating the food chain.

    Dell Reconnect contributed to the company recycling more than 150 million pounds of end-of-

    life equipment in its fiscal year 2011. Since 2004, Dell Reconnect has recycled more than 230

    million pounds of end-of-life computer equipment, helping Dell toward its global goal of

    recycling 1 billion pounds of computer equipment by 2014.

    The article definitely made an impression on me. As a consumer all we really do is purchase

    electronics and not even think about what they are made. After seeing the different chemicals

    that are involved in the production of a computer I looked at a few and have found that many of

    them can lead to brain damage, kidney damage, nervous system disorders and lung cancer.

    Providing you are exposed to a high level.

    Note from Instructor:

    This assignment was geared toward understanding the role of the

    EPA. Students chose topics that related to their own position papers

    and wrote a brief summary. Each article contains the website where

    you can read more about their chosen topic.

    EPA Articles

    San Francisco Creates New Green Project At Mission Bay Community with Stimulus and Private Funding Mary Simms

    Summarized by Jeanne Feiler

    San Franciscos Mission Bay Drive and Circle is a newly renovated Green project that replaced more than 300 acres of unused bay front property. This site, which at one time was the

    home of rail yards and warehouses now includes residential units, acres of parks, a low

    greenhouse gas emitting and even a new research campus and hospital. The project was made

  • possible by the by a Brownfields stimulus grant from Californias Department of Toxic Substances Control, which is part of the EPAs federal stimulus funding. This new area with the new residential area, contributes millions of dollars in local taxes annually and there is more to

    come. The area is on 50% complete. This project has employed about 1,700 people and is

    estimated to employ over 20,000 before the project is completely finished. This area was

    previously isolated and hard to get to due to interstate 280. Now, with easy access, people can go

    and enjoy the beautiful bay area and live in the area with the parks and open spaces and enjoy

    what was once barren with warehouses and rail yards.

    I think what they are doing is wonderful, as San Francisco is a beautiful place and every

    inch of it should be appreciated. The fact that there are now acres of parks, beautiful places to

    live, plus a new research campus all in one area is wonderful and has so much to offer to

    everyone.

    http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/f331b33bcc8cb8cf8525793e00531a9a?OpenDocume

    nt

    Lead Poisoning Prevention Week by Patricia Dawson

    National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week

    (NLPPW) awareness is October 23-29 2011. The

    Environment Protection Agency (EPA) is trying

    to make awareness of lead poisoning in children.

    Children with low exposure of lead can be

    affected with learning disability, behavior

    problems, and can have many more problems.

    Lead poisoning can change the life of a child

    forever.

    Most children are exposed by lead base paint from early homes. Houses that were built before

    1978 can have lead base paints on the walls and outside of the home. There are things you can do

    to prevent lead poison in your child. You can have your home inspected and tested for lead base

    paint. You can also get your child tested for lead poison even if your child seems healthy. The

    EPA is trying to spread the word about lead poisoning and the effects it can have on a child.

    http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/bd4379a92ceceeac8525735900400c27/ad6f57294e597

    b4a8525792f00581540!OpenDocument

    Title & Author: Climate Change - Health and Environmental Effects-U.S. EPA

    By Thomas Lynch

    Web Address: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/effects/health.html

  • Main Idea: Effects of Climate Change as it relates to human health

    I have chosen the topic of climate change and how it affects human health. According to EPA,

    extreme temperatures can lead to loss of life. From my own observations, this is apparent more

    so with animals living in climates that have recently changed over the past ten years. However,

    due to global warming certain regions in the United States have also experience sudden changes

    in climate such as colder winters or warmer summers. In fact just this past summer, Texas

    experienced one of the longest duration of extreme temperature for several weeks. Temperatures

    reached at least 110 degrees or higher consistently throughout the summer of 2011, causing a lot

    of heat related sicknesses and deaths.

    EPAs FY 2012 Budget Proposal Reflects Tough Choices

    Needed for the Nations Fiscal Health

    By: Carol A. Gallego

    Proposed today in Washington was a budget of $8.973 billion for the U.S. Environmental

    Protection Agency (EPA) for the year 2012. Protecting public health and our environment while

    reducing air and water pollution in communities across America is a commitment made by

    President Obama to make sure that the government lives within its means while ensuring that the

    EPA can carry out its core mission. From the 2010 Fiscal Year budget of $10.3 billion, about

    13 percent is represented as a decrease in this budget proposal. I feel that the budget should have

    been increased and not decreased. There should be more laws enacted and everybody across the

    United States should be held accountable. Protecting public health along with our environment

    and reducing air and water pollution should be a commitment made by everyone, not just the

    government. If we all took part, the world might be a better place.

    EPA Administrator, Lisa P. Jackson states that, As millions of families are cutting back and

    spending less, they expect the same good fiscal sense out of their government. That is why this

    budget reflects the tough choices needed for our nations short and long-term fiscal health and

    allows EPA to maintain its fundamental mission of protecting human health and the

    environment. She also states that, This budget focuses our

    resources on the most urgent health and environmental

    challenges we face. Though it includes significant cuts, it

    provides EPA with what we need to fundamentally protect

    the health of the American people.

    In order to ensure that scientific work is conducted more

    efficiently and effectively, the EPAs research program is

    currently being restructured. (STAR) grants are in place to

    ensure that EPA is using the best science to protect the air

    we breathe, the water we drink and the land we build our

  • communities on. In order to support research and innovation into new and emerging

    environmental science, $584 million dollars have been allotted and this includes a $24.7 million

    dollar increase to Science to Achieve Results (STAR) program. Still, much more is needed.

    Laws need to be enacted such as more recycling. Everyone must chip in and do their part.

    Threats to Aquatic Biodiversity By Yolanda Davila-Blevins

    Humans are causing species to disappear at an alarming rate. It is estimated that between

    1975 to 2015, species extinction rate will be at a rate of 1-11 percent per decade. Loss of this

    magnitude will affect the entire ecosystem, depriving resources used to provide food, medicines,

    and industrial materials to human beings. While freshwater and marine ecosystems face similar

    threats, there are some differences regarding the severity of each threat. Runoffs from

    agricultural and urban areas, the invasion of exotic species, and the creation of dams and water

    divisions have been identified as the great challenges to freshwater environments.

    There are other threats to aquatic biodiversity including urban development and resource

    based industries that destroy natural habitats. In addition air, water pollution, sedimentation,

    erosion and climate change also pose a threat to aquatic biodiversity.

    http://www.epa.gov/bioiweb1/aquatic/threats.html

    Climate Change Health and Environmental Effects by Carl Fischer

    No Author http:www.epa.gov/climatechange/effects/health.html

    Main details of article: Short article on health and direct temperature effects and climate and

    diseases how they affect a person and also air quality in which we breathe.

    Details: In the world, there are diseases to the human health which result from local climate and

    extreme heat. Heat increases air and water pollution and human health. Our human body is

    strongly affected by social, political, economic, environmental and technological factors.

    Diseases that appear in warm weather climates brought upon by insects such as mosquitoes that

    live around polluted waters.

    The EPA office is researching and investigating the effects of climate change and air quality on

    the human body. In conclusion higher temperatures and water pollution cause the human body

    trouble by the air we breathe all effected by the ozone level, Thats where the EPA steps in to control and regulate companies to control what they put in the air and water.

    Grizzly Bear by Heather Kuhn

    On July 28,1975, the grizzly bear was listed as a threatened species by the U.S Fish and Wildlife

    Service. There was a recovery plan for the grizzly bear and it was approved by the USFWS on

    January 29, 1982. History of the grizzly bear, where they once inhabited was much areas of

    Western North America, Arizona, California, Colorado and New Mexico. The grizzly bear

    inhabit areas that are relatively isolated and distant from direct anthropogenic. You will find the

  • grizzly bear in low elevation riparian sites, wet meadows and in alluvial plains in the spring. The

    grizzly will inhabit the higher elevation forests, meadows and open, grassy timber sites during

    the summer and fall.

    EPA Article Nikki Walker

    Helping green turtles through water quality assessment

    of their critical habitat

    Pollution, it is in our air causing health problems for

    people and even in our oceans causing health problems

    for organisms that live in the water. In the island

    Culebra, Puerto Rico there is a bay called Puerto del

    Manglar and the turtles are dying there. The species

    green turtles are catching a viral disease called

    fibropapillomatosis. Due to this disease the turtles are

    developing warts and tumors that are spreading

    throughout their bodies. The growth is on their face and

    flippers which is hindering their ability to see accurately and/or their ability to swim. The results

    of this intruder in the turtles are causing starvation and death. In the dying tissues from the

    tumors the green turtles can catch an additional bacterial infection that harms them.

    Researchers from University of Georgias School of Veterinary Medicine are exploring the disease, what is causing it and why it is spreading extremely fast. It is a possibility the pollution

    in the bay is increasing the spread of fibropapillomatosis disease in the green turtles. The bay is

    being contaminated by poor routine repairs of the septic tank systems in the area. The green

    turtles that are approximately three miles away from Puerto del Manglar are nearly free of the

    tumors. This is mind boggling for researchers, as they continue to seek out the cause of this

    inexcusable disease found in the green turtles.

    The Environment Should not be Cut

    by April Ramsey

    EPAs FY 2010 Budget Proposal Reflects Tough Choices Needed for the Nations Fiscal

    Health by Cathy Milbourn and Brooke Hanson

    http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/4a92c2cc38832e0b8525783700664650?OpenDocum

    ent

    Why should the environment have to suffer the cuts of the government? The health of the

    environment is just as important as any other area that requires government spending so why

    should it get any less money. According to the article, the Obama Administration proposed a

    budget for 2012 of $8.973 billion for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This

    budget is l3 percent less than the one that was proposed in 2010. The health of the environment

    has to get the short end of the stick when it comes to the economy. The article states that

    although the new budget includes significant cuts, it provides EPA with what we need to

  • fundamentally protect the health of the American people. Cuts, cuts, cuts the health of the

    American people depends on a healthy environment and there should be the same amount of

    spending on the environment as any other area of the world. The Great Lakes suffered a $125

    million dollar decrease from the 2010 budget and the Clean Water and Drinking Water suffered a

    massive $947 decrease. I suppose our water is not as important as some of the other areas that

    received an increase such as the enforcement and compliance of the EPA. Is the health of the

    American people a top priority in this world? Without a healthy environment there would be no

    need for money because there will be no one here to spend it.

    Learn more about Threatened and Endangered Species by Melissa Umbenhour

    Everyone should learn more about Threatened and Endangered Species. The Endangered

    Species Protection Program (ESPP) places geographically specific use limitations on pesticides

    in order to protect endangered and threatened species from pesticides. Threatened species are

    any plants and animals that are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future

    throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Species disappear because of the changes in

    the earth. These changes are caused by nature or by the actions of people. Sometimes a terrible

    natural event, like a volcano erupting, can kill an entire species. Other times, extinction will

    happen slowly as nature changes throughout the world. However, the main reason that many

    species are endangered or threatened today is because of people changing the habitats that these

    plants and animals depend on. The United States has a lot of habitats for plants and animals to

    live in, and every species needs a certain habitat in order to live. Whether its the wind, sunlight, desert, or the arctic cold at the species needs for its habitat, it is needed for survival. A cactus,

    for example, needs the sunny, dry desert in order to grow.

    Some of these species do so well in their

    new habitat that they endanger those species that

    are already living there. These species that are

    already living there are called the native species.

    These species that are being introduced to the

    new habitats are called invasive species. The

    species that were originally living there may have

    to find a new source of food or a new home, or

    face becoming endangered or extinct. Another

    way that people harm animals and plants is by

    taking them from the wild. Some people might

    catch an insect like the Mission Blue Butterfly for

    a butterfly collection because they like the way it

    looks. Also, unfortunately, some people illegally hunt animals for food, the skin of animals and

    their fur. Every living thing depends on another to live. If people do not protect threatened or

    endangered species, we may never be able to find out how we can benefit from them living on

    this earth. Government agencies and private groups make information easily available so we can

    do everything that is possible to make sure everything survives on our earth.

    From the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/espp/coloring/especies.htm

  • Scrap Tire Recycling: Convincing Businesses to Integrate Inexpensive, Cutting-edge

    Technology to Convert Tires into Various Construction Materials By Teymour, Fouad ,

    Arastoopour, Hamid

    Summarized by Jason Dabila

    The team of Teymour, Fouad , Arastoopour, Hamid from Illinois Institute of Technology state in

    their September 30, 2004 research article: Scrap Tire Recycling: Convincing Businesses to

    Integrate Inexpensive, Cutting-edge Technology to Convert Tires Into Various Construction

    Materials that it is known that one-fourth of the 283 million tires scrapped in the United States

    were landfilled last year, all having the potential to be an ecological and human health danger.

    The team proposes the use of, two proven

    technologies, a patented non-cryogenic

    pulverization technology, solid-state shear

    extrusion (SSSE), and a newly developed

    particle modification technology. Both

    developed at Illinois Institute of Technology.

    These two processes would produce fine rubber

    particles at a lower cost than competing

    cryogenic pulverization processes and the

    particle modification technology enhances the

    properties of the rubber particles enables them

    to be used in applications such as low volatile organic compounds (VOC) paint coatings,

    waterborne sport surfacing, and near-zero VOC powder coatings. Recycled rubber materials

    would be turned into environmentally benign polymeric coatings, inexpensive constructional

    materials, and other products for use in developed and developing nations, improving our

    ecosystem while also creating an economical benefit for companies rather than using the current

    cryogenic pulverization processes.

    EPA.GOV http://water.epa.gov/drink/guide/upload/book_waterontap_full.pdf

    By Diane Revay

    Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974 to protect public health by

    regulating the nations public drinking water supply and protecting sources of drinking water.

    SDWA is administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its state

    partners (retrieved dec.16. 2011. from epa.gov).

    This is all fine and well except for the fact that now oil companies can put whatever chemicals

    into the ground to get their natural gas, and ignore the probability that the chemicals will make it

    into the ground water.

  • How is it that they have gotten around these legal points that the rest of the U.S. has to follow?

    And how is it that money is valued over human lives?

    Note from Instructor:

    This next section is dedicated to our thoughts and

    opinions. These thoughts are meant to get you

    thinking. They might inspire you, anger you or make

    you laugh. Either way we hope to inspire some

    environmental thinking in your mind and the minds

    around you.

    What Impacted Me the Most by

    Melissa Umbenhour

    Writing about endangered chimpanzees, the topic of

    my position paper had the greatest impact on me while taking

    the course of Ecology. By committing an ample amount of

    time and research to my paper, I was able to discover a large

    amount of information pertaining to chimpanzees, humans,

    deforestation, agriculture, and how deeply money impacts are

    society. I have found out that by doing little things that most

    people do not think about, such as volunteering, donating

    small amounts, not purchasing products that are tested on

    animals, and being aware of our environment, it can make

    such an impact on chimpanzees, humans, and our whole

    ecosystem. It was amazing how, just by researching the

    extinction of chimpanzees, I have learned so much about

    economics. There are plenty of websites, phone numbers and

    address that any individual can obtain, with ease, to help

    prevent the extinction of chimpanzees or any part of our ecosystem.

    What I learned the Most By Jason Dabila

    What was the most important thing that I learned in Ecology this semester? I always knew how

    dangerously our planet was being treated with all the illegal dumping of trash and debris, Ive

    seen it happen in my neighborhood. But I never gave it though of how my trash, my air pollution

  • and my contaminated water could be yours and vise/versa. So the most important thing learned

    for me would be the water recycling system, wind currents and water flow. Ultimately learning,

    just because it happened thousands of miles away does not mean I will not be affected. But am I

    more conscience of my trash and my pollutants and am I taking steps to help save our planet? Do

    read label more often? Am I looking up articles to be better informed on the deforesting of areas?

    Am I watching to see how global warming has affected the migration of animal and possibly

    leading to their extinction? Do I now look at my surrounding more while Im jogging through the

    Metro Parks? Yes I do. I look at our ecosystem differently now or I should say I actually look at

    it. I have really enjoyed this class and have learned a great deal. It is very interesting to see how

    it is all related to one another and to see just how destructive we really are. Interesting to a point

    that Ive even considered somehow relating my field of study to possibly working with the

    Environmental Protective Agency.

    Impact and People need to know

    By Nikki Walker

    The one aspect of the ecology class that has impacted me the most

    is our Cleveland Metroparks project. This was a fantastic way to

    explore nature and organisms in their own territory. It was a

    brilliant idea to get people out and exercise for the day. Most of all

    it was time well spent, one on one with my teenage son to learn

    together, walk together and actually talk with each other not at each

    other.

    Another portion of the class that was enjoyable was the research

    for my Going Green position paper. I would like people to know that together we can turn our world around and become a healthier

    planet by going green. There are an abundance of projects we all can do to assist the world.

    Some things are as little as turning off lights, recycling, car pooling and no fracking. We need to

    keep educating each other on the problem of pollution and continue to be proactive and not

    reactive. We as a people have a responsibility to protect our land and everything on it.

    Ecology by Yolanda Davila-Blevins

    When I first heard the word Ecology, I always thought of tree huggers, vegans, radicals who

    wanted to save the earth. Growing up those were the images that came to mind. The hippies who

    lived solely off the land and chose to love mother earth at any cost. Now after taking Ecology, I

    have learned people can go green and not have to give up a lot in their everyday life. There are

    simple changes people can make that will greatly impact the environment. By using energy

    saving electronics, reusable grocery bags, car pooling, less chemicals to clean with and so many

    other changes can and will impact the environment. Learning how everything impacts

    everything, is something I have never thought of before. How many people know that plastics

    from their country end up in a third world country to be sorted through. Now that third world

    country has become a dumping ground for plastics. I was amazed to see how developed countries

  • have damaged the environment and there is so little being done about it due to funding, lack of

    knowledge, or the end result is thought to benefit more than the damage that is being caused.

    I would like to see more commercial advertising showing how going green is not a

    difficult thing to do. Explain how it impacts the environment and the benefits of it. Some things

    may be costly at first, such as installing solar panels on a house, but the overall end result will

    benefit financially in the long run. If people understood how everything impacts everything they

    may be more incline to make changes. People always are interested in what will benefit them.

    Educating them on the environment and the benefits to them will cause more positive changes to

    come.

    I want the world to know the hole in

    the Ozone layer is real, Fracking is a very

    dangerous practice and measures need to be

    taken to stop it. Resources are being

    depleted at a devastating rate that the earth

    will not be able to recover from. We need

    to realize the land, water and air that we

    have right now is all we have. We need to

    learn how to take care of it from here on

    out, how we can preserve, restore and live

    within our means. All living things have the

    right to a clean and healthy environment

    and we all need to respect that and implement ways to make it happen.

    ISSUU MAG Saving the Earth from Global Warming

    By Carl Fischer

    What impacted me the most from this ecology class, just learning about the surroundings

    and how the air we breathe can be affected by CO2 and ozone as well as for the animals living

    on earth? What people should know is that Global Warming is not the end of the world and that

    they can save the earth by conserving energy. They can shut the lights outs off, use less water

    and keep their cars running in better shape to control smog. Also grow plants and trees which

    bring clean oxygen into the world for living. People by saving and conserving energy the world

    will be around for future generations.

  • Owning Exotic Animals by Patricia Dawson

    My ecology class has opened my eyes on how bad the laws are on owning exotic animals

    in the state of Ohio. Right now anyone can own an

    exotic animal as long as the animal is certified healthy

    and the person has a permit. By owning a tiger, lion,

    bear, monkey, or any other exotic animal is putting

    yourself and the ones you love in harms way. Taking

    the animal out of their habitat and bringing them into

    ours is jeopardizing their live and those around it or

    those that may come into contact with exotic animals.

    Why would anyone want to put their loved ones in

    harms way? We need to get together and fight for

    stricter laws in Ohio on owning these animals for the

    safety of your children and the animals.

    What impacted me the most in class?

    By Heather Kuhn

    What I wrote about in my paper impacted me the most. My paper was about how grizzly bears

    are endangered. I did not realize, there wasnt many grizzly bears left in the world. Well, what can be done about it is that there should be programs to help save the grizzly bears. I would let

    everybody know that grizzly bears are endangered and there isnt many left of them.

    The True Facts about Fracking

    By: Carol Gallego

    The subject that impacted me a great deal was the fact

    that natural gas, which lies within a shale rock formation

    thousands of feet beneath the earths surface, is being

    extracted by a method known has hydraulic fracturing. The

    process is destroying human and animal life. There are over

    500 chemicals used in the process and are leaking into

    aquifers. Where ever there is fracking, earthquakes are

    occurring. People need to be aware of this method and laws

    along with safety measures need to be put into place in order

    to protect human and animal life.

  • Ecology by April Ramsey

    This class impacted my life because it is unbelievable how much we are doing to destroy our

    own land. We need to figure out ways keep our land healthy and livable. I want everyone to

    learn more about our environment and how we can help doing the simplest things. There are

    simple ways to conserve energy and reduce our ecological footprint. Everyone should become

    part of the greener environment movement. This was an excellent class and it taught me a lot

    about the environment.

    Impacts from Ecology By Diane Revay

    This ecology class has really opened my eyes and widened my heart. I do understand now

    that humans are not the super race but a part of this super life. Others should get to know more

    about the study of ecology and probably take the class at Bryant & Stratton from my teacher

    Mrs. D., she has passion for life as we all should. There are plenty of issues to focus on like air,

    water and land pollution, also the life expectancy of this planet if we, the human race, do not

    plan on slowing down our reproduction rate. If we do not calm down on our comfortable way of

    living, there wont be much life to live in the future.


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