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Institutional Frameworks of the EU Member States for Integrated River Basin Management – Best European Practice. Eduard Interwies Ecologic. Presentation structure. I.Types of basin institutions II. The Water Framework Directive and its influence on institutional frameworks: the German case - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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ecologic.de 12/13 May, 2006: Transboundary Dniester River Management: Institutional and Public Participation Aspects Institutional Frameworks of the EU Member States for Integrated River Basin Management – Best European Practice Eduard Interwies Ecologic
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  • Datum - Titel der Veranstaltung, Ort

  • Presentation structure

    I.Types of basin institutionsII. The Water Framework Directive and its influence on institutional frameworks: the German caseIII. Examples of institutional frameworks in EU basins: cross-sample through variety

    Datum - Titel der Veranstaltung, Ort

  • I.Types of basin institutions

    Datum - Titel der Veranstaltung, Ort

  • I. Types of basin institutionsFollowing classification schemes for basin institutions exist:

    1. Differences in model type2. Differences derived from states form of government3. Differences according to function

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  • I. Types of basin institutions1. Differences in model type*:

    a) Hydrological model: Organisational structure for water management based on hydrological boundaries. Because hydrological and administrative boundaries the same, the least chance of upstream-downstream conflicts, but.... Model may isolate water management from other relevant policy sectors, intersectoral co-ordination can be a problem.

    * cf. Mostert et al., 1999: River Basin Management and Planning

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  • I. Types of basin institutions1. Differences in model type (cont.):

    b) Administrative model: Water management the responsibility of provinces, municipalities and other bodies not based on hydrological boundaries. In many respects the opposite of hydrological model.Water management and other sectors can be kept together, but....Serious risk of upstream-downstream conflicts and lack of platform to discuss these problems.

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  • I. Types of basin institutions1. Differences in model type (cont.):

    c) Co-ordinated model: Somewhere between hydrological and administrative model. Platforms to discuss problems exist: river basin commissions.Commissions usually have co-ordinating task.

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  • I. Types of basin institutions2. Differences derived from states form of government:a) Federal b) Centralised

    The case of Germany: Federal Structure16 Lnder competent for water management Only legislative framework competence of the Federal Government

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  • I. Types of basin institutions3. Differences according to function* (from lesser to greater de-gree of power in basin relative to local or administrative water agencies):a) Monitoring and co-ordinating committees: No real management and control functions; role essentially:coordinating,recommending policy,compilation of data,auditing, and reporting.* cf. Radosevich & Olson, 1999 : Existing and Emerging Basin Arrangements in Asia

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  • I. Types of basin institutions3. Differences according to function (cont.):b) Planning and management commissions:More powerful model than coordinating council. Classi-cal example: River Basin Commission.Emphasis on:developing good data systems and predictive hydrologic models,developing policies and strategies to guide water planning and development, systematic process of monitoring and reporting

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  • I. Types of basin institutions3. Differences according to function (cont.):c) Development and regulation authorities:Usually multi-disciplinary, full-functioning organisation covering all aspects of natural resources planning and management.Usually with regulatory powers. Usually larger, more powerful and complex in comparison to other RBOs. Classical example: River Basin Authority (e.g. Hydrographic Confederations of Spain).

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  • II. Main aspects of the Water Framework Directive

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  • II. Main aspects of the WFDOutline of the DirectiveCommon EU-wide objectives for water:prevent further deterioration,protect and enhance status of aquatic ecosystems + associated wetlands,promote sustainable water use based on long term protection of available water resources,ensure progressive reduction of pollution of groundwater and prevent its further pollution,contribute to mitigate effects of floods + droughts.

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  • II. Main aspects of the WFDOutline of the Directive (cont.)Introduces integrated and co-ordinated approach to water management in Europe: holistic approachPlanning:Improvements in water status to be achieved through system of analysis and planning --> River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs).RBMPs set out Programme of Measures for achievement of Good StatusRBMPs are subject to public consultation

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  • II. Main aspects of the WFDOutline of the Directive (cont.)Practical operation:Member States identify and assign water bodies to River Basin Districts based on hydrological catchmentsMS appoint Competent Authority for each RBD to co-ordinate implementation of Directive within it.Competent authority responsible for producing RBMP for that basin.

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  • II. Main aspects of the WFDOutline of the Directive (cont.)Practical operation (continued):Analysis to determine factors influencing water quality and quantityMonitoring programmesStatus of water bodies in RBD determined: authorities use information in developing integrated Programme of Measures to meet Directives environmental objectives (in particular good water status).

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  • II. Main aspects of the WFDConclusions:The WFD requires Member States to implement adjustments to their legislation/organisational structure of water resources management. Adjustments can be made on basis of existing institutions, or through creation of new ones.A certain degree of convergence of institutional structures is expected (cf. Greeces new river basin authorities).

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU countries: cross-sample through variety

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsFrance:River Basin InstitutionsSystem splits France into 6 groups of river basins, managed by basin board and Agence de lEau. Agences main role financial: ability to make plans for water management but no power to implement them. Commissions locales de l'Eau are boards of SAGE; make detailed plans for small local areas.River Basin PlanningSDAGE (Schma directeur d'amnagement et de gestion des eaux) made at the level of 6 Agence de lEau.SAGE (Schma d'amnagement et de gestion des eaux) deve-loped at local level, follow river basins/sections of river basins.

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsGermany:River Basin InstitutionsCoordination platforms responsible for water management allocation. Co-ordination on national level between Bund and Lnder in legally transposing the Directive.Co-ordination among the Lnder in designating one competent authority, setting environmental objectives for RB, designing RB management plans.

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsNetherlands:River Basin InstitutionsWater management highly decentralised. Institutions only at regional level; decentralised state, national, provincial and local control.Operational surface water management: Regional water boards.Operational groundwater management: Provinces. River Basin PlanningInternational river basin management plans and coordinated national programmes of measures planned for all 4 river basin districts.

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsSpain:River Basin InstitutionsWater management through River Basin Organisations (creation of RBOs began in 1926). Today: 9 RBOs for main interregional basins; 3 intra-regional water authorities for small rivers. River Basin Planning1985 Water Law had already established need to prepare River Basin plans.WFD changed objectives and contents of RBMPs.WFD changed set procedure for work programme and co-operation with other administrations and stakeholders.

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsUnited Kingdom:River Basin InstitutionsWater services privatised: 10 firms deliver water/wastewater services.Environment Agency (previously National Rivers Authority) centres on environmental regulation.Office of Water Services (OFWAT) responsible for price and water regulation. Regional institutions at a local level. River Basin PlanningCatchment management plans have now been replaced by EA plans which are broader in scope.

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  • III. Examples of inst. frameworks in EU basinsInternational Commission for the Protection of the Rhine:Century-long co-operation predates signing of convention (1963).Charged with the drafting of plan aimed at saving the river after Sandoz chemical accident in 1986.One year later the Rhine Action Programme (RAP) was ready for approval...Impressive results: among others, salmon has returned to river previously known as sewer of Europe.Co-ordinating Committee Rhine & WFD has been set up to co-ordinate WFDs implementation.

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  • Thank you for your attention!Eduard InterwiesEcologic, Pfalzburger Str. 43-44, D-10717 Berlin +49-30-86880-0, [email protected], www.ecologic.de

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